Palais de la Légion d'Honneur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hôtel de Salm
Hôtel de Salm interior court

The Palais de la Légion d'Honneur (French for "Palace of the Legion of Honour") is a building on the Left Bank of the River Seine in Paris. It houses the Musée de la Légion d'honneur ("Museum of the Legion of Honour") and is the seat of the Légion d'honneur, the highest French order of merit. The building is also known as the Hôtel de Salm. It is located at 64, rue de Lille, next to the old Orsay railway station (now the Musée d'Orsay) in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.


Construction of the original Hôtel de Salm
Diamond breast plaque of the Légion d'honneur

The Hôtel de Salm was constructed between 1782 and 1787 by the architect Pierre Rousseau (1751–1810) for the German prince Frederick III, Prince of Salm-Kyrburg. The revolutionary government nationalised the building, and from 13 May 1804, it was renamed the "Palais de la Légion d'Honneur" and became the seat of the newly created Légion d'honneur.[1] The interior was remodeled for that purpose by Antoine-François Peyre,[1] and new exterior sculptures were added by Jean Guillaume Moitte and Philippe-Laurent Roland.[citation needed]

An additional building was added in 1866 along the then-new Rue de Solférino, but the palace was destroyed by fire in 1871, under the Paris Commune. A replica was rebuilt soon afterwards under Anastase Mortier, with painters Jean-Paul Laurens and Théodore Maillot providing interior decoration. An additional building was added from 1922–1925 on Rue de Bellechasse in order to house a museum of the Legion of Honour.[1]


The California Palace of the Legion of Honor, a three-quarter scale replica of the Palace, was constructed in San Francisco in 1924; it houses a fine arts museum. In Rochefort-en-Yvelines (near Paris), there is an almost exact replica of the Hotel de Salm, built for the wealthy banker Jules Porgès by the architect Charles Mewès, and called the Chateau de Rochefort en Yvelines; today, it is a golf club.

In Haarlem in the Netherlands, the banker Henry Hope had his Villa Welgelegen built to resemble it. It was also a favorite of Thomas Jefferson, who singled it out as a model for the American public buildings of Washington, DC. He had observed its construction during his stay in Paris in 1784–1789, and his design for Monticello, his own estate, was based on it.[2]


  1. ^ a b c Gilles Marchand (2003). Dictionnaire des monuments de Paris. Editions Jean-Paul Gisserot. p. 122. ISBN 2-87747-722-3. 
  2. ^ Adams, William Howard (1997). The Paris Years of Thomas Jefferson. Yale University Press. pp. 64–67. ISBN 0-300-06903-0. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°51′37.33″N 2°19′27.59″E / 48.8603694°N 2.3243306°E / 48.8603694; 2.3243306