Sky Direct is a direct-broadcast satellite subscription television service in the Philippines owned and operated by Sky, a subsidiary of ABS-CBN Corporation. Sky Cable has been eyeing for a DBS service and considered on acquiring Dream Satellite TV from Antonio O. Cojuangco, Jr; the acquisition of Dream was reported to have reached an advanced stage but for some undisclosed reasons, the deal was not sealed. Sky's entry to the DBS market was hindered by various oppositions from the industry, citing legal issues and the slow growth of the pay TV market in the country. On December 23, 2015, Sky was granted by the NTC a provisional authority to operate and maintain a DBS service in 251 cities and municipalities in the country for a period of 18 months. Sky Direct offers both prepaid and postpaid packages with exclusive channels from ABS-CBN and Creative Programs such as ABS-CBN HD, ABS-CBN News Channel, ABS-CBN Sports+Action HD, Cinema One, Jeepney TV, Metro Channel and Myx; as of the March of 2019, Sky Direct has over 1 million subscribers.
In May 2015, Sky Cable Corporation applied with the National Telecommunications Commission for the roll-out of its DBS service with plans of spending at least 252 million pesos for the purchase of equipment and working capital. On December 23, 2015, Sky Cable was granted a provisional authority by the NTC to operate and maintain a DBS service in 251 cities and municipalities for 18 months. Sky Cable plans to get 49,500 subscribers in the first year of operations and increase it to 864,600 subscribers in 10 years. NTC approved the application of Sky Cable to offer DBS services despite opposition from 14 companies from the cable and television industry. In January 2016, Sky Direct began the trial period for its prepaid service in three areas through authorized dealers in Metro Manila, province of Cavite and Quezon. Sky Direct had a soft launching on March 18, 2016 by releasing the television commercial advertisement with endorser Kris Aquino; the Sky Direct prepaid subscription package includes a satellite dish antenna, set top box and remote control.
Sky Direct uses the DVB-S2 digital television broadcast standard in the Ku band to provide standard definition and high definition TV broadcasts. For the conditional access, it uses the Verimatrix encryption system to scramble the data and protect its content from signal piracy. On May 24, 2016, Luxembourg-based satellite owner SES announced a multi-year, multi-transponder capacity agreement with Sky Cable, Sky Direct's parent, to broadcast DTH television channels via the SES-9 and New Skies NSS-11 satellites at 108.2 degrees East. SES-9 is expected to be operational middle of 2016. Last December 2015, Sky Direct began its test broadcast using SES NSS-11 satellite, but last May 2016, Sky Direct moved its full broadcast using SES-9 Satellite. The Sky Direct service will directly compete with Cignal TV, the leading DTH provider with more than two million subscribers owned by the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company and TV5 Network Inc. Dream Satellite TV owned by Philippine Multi-media System Inc. and GSat owned by Global Broadcasting and Multi-Media Inc.
The entry of Sky Direct in the DTH service is being opposed by various groups citing violation of the anti-monopoly law. Oppositors include Cignal TV and sister company TV5 Network, Inc under the PLDT group, Dream Satellite and the Philippine Cable Television Association. In a filing with the NTC, PMSI said the DTH players in the Philippines are expected to continue incur losses due to tougher competition with the entry of Sky Cable in the DTH business. From 2009 to 2013, Cignal TV incurred an accumulated deficit of 5 billion pesos, Dream with 1.1 billion pesos and GSat with 173 million pesos. On February 2016, TV5 Network, Inc formally filed a motion for reconsideration with the NTC asking the regulator to dismiss Sky Cable's application to offer DBS and reverse its order last December 2015 that allows Sky Cable to offer both wired and wireless cable network services nationwide. TV5 argued that DBS or wireless cable service is beyond the scope of Sky Cable’s franchise and articles of incorporation.
According to TV5, Sky Cable's amended articles of incorporation states that it can establish and operate a Community Antennae Television System, wired in nature and not a wireless service like DBS. The regulator emphasized in its December 2015 order that DBS service is within the scope of Sky Cable's congressional franchise
Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civilian functions of government in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in an occupied territory. Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public, as seen in multiple countries listed below; such incidents may occur after a coup d'état. Martial law may be declared in cases of major natural disasters. Martial law has been imposed during conflicts, in cases of occupations, where the absence of any other civil government provides for an unstable population. Examples of this form of military rule include post World War II reconstruction in Germany and Japan, the recovery and reconstruction of the former Confederate States of America during Reconstruction Era in the United States of America following the American Civil War, German occupation of northern France between 1871 and 1873 after the Treaty of Frankfurt ended the Franco-Prussian War; the imposition of martial law accompanies curfews.
Civilians defying martial law may be subjected to military tribunal. The Black War was a period of violent conflict between British colonists and Aboriginal Australians in Tasmania from the mid-1820s to 1832. With an escalation of violence in the late 1820s, Lieutenant-Governor George Arthur declared martial law in November 1828—effectively providing legal immunity for killing Aboriginal people, it would remain in force for more than three years, the longest period of martial law in Australian history. Brunei has been under a martial law since a rebellion occurred on 8 December 1962 known as the Brunei Revolt and was put down by British troops from Singapore; the Sultan of Brunei, Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, is presently the head of state and the Minister of Defense and Commander in Chief of Royal Brunei Armed Forces The War Measures Act was a Government of Canada statute that allowed the government to assume sweeping emergency powers, stopping short of martial law, i.e. the military does not administer justice, which remains in the hands of the courts.
The Act has been invoked three times: During World War I, World War II, the October Crisis of 1970. In 1988, the War Measures Act was replaced by the Emergencies Act. During the colonial era, martial law was proclaimed and applied in the territory of the Province of Quebec during the invasion of Canada by the army of the American Continental Congress in 1775–1776, it was applied twice in the territory of Lower Canada during the 1837–1838 insurrections. On December 5, following the events of November 1837, martial law was proclaimed in the district of Montréal by Governor Gosford, without the support of the Legislative Assembly in the Parliament of Lower Canada, it was imposed until April 27, 1838. Martial law was proclaimed a second time on November 4, 1838, this time by acting Governor John Colborne, was applied in the district of Montreal until August 24, 1839. In Egypt, a State of Emergency has been in effect continuously since 1967. Following the assassination of President Anwar el-Sadat in 1981, a state of emergency was declared.
Egypt has been under state of emergency since. The legislation was extended in 2003 and were due to expire at the end of May 2006, but after the Dahab bombings in April of that year, state of emergency was renewed for another two years. In May 2008 there was a further extension to June 2010. In May 2010, the state of emergency was further extended, albeit with a promise from the government to be applied only to'Terrorism and Drugs' suspects. A State of Emergency gives military courts the power to try civilians and allows the government to detain for renewable 45-day periods and without court orders anyone deemed to be threatening state security. Public demonstrations are banned under the legislation. On 10 February 2011, the ex-president of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak, promised the deletion of the relevant constitutional article that gives legitimacy to State of Emergency in an attempt to please the mass number of protesters that demanded him to resign. On 11 February 2011, the president stepped down and the vice president Omar Suleiman de facto introduced the country to martial law when transferring all civilian powers from the presidential institution to the military institution.
It meant that the presidential executive powers, the parliamentary legislative powers and the judicial powers all transferred directly into the military system which may delegate powers back and forth to any civilian institution within its territory. The military issued in its third announcement the "end of the State of Emergency as soon as order is restored in Egypt". Before martial law, the Egyptian parliament under the constitution had the civilian power to declare a State of Emergency; when in martial law, the military gained all powers of the state, including to dissolve the parliament and suspend the constitution as it did in its fifth announcement. Under martial law, the only legal framework within the Egyptian territory is the numbered announcements from the military; these announcements c
Palawan the Province of Palawan is an archipelagic province of the Philippines, located in the region of MIMAROPA. It is the largest province in the country in terms of total area of jurisdiction, its capital is the city of Puerto Princesa, but the city is governed independently from the province as a urbanized city. The islands of Palawan stretch between Borneo in the southwest, it lies between the Sulu Sea. The province is named after its largest island, Palawan Island, measuring 450 kilometres long, 50 kilometres wide; the early history of Palawan was determined by a team of researchers led by Dr. Robert B. Fox, they found evidence in the Tabon Caves. They found human bone fragments, from an individual known as Tabon Man, in the municipality of Quezon, as well as tools and other artifacts. Although the origin of the cave dwellers is not yet established, anthropologists believe they came from Borneo; the Tabon Caves are now known as the Cradle of Philippine Civilization The Palawano and Tagbanwa, are believed to be direct descendants of Palawan's earliest settlers.
They developed an informal form of government, an alphabet, a system of trading with seafaring merchants. Surviving ancient tribal artwork include reliefs of elephants and fish found at Tabon Caves. 5,000 years ago, a culturally distinct period characterised by jar burials is evident. This era lasted till AD 500. Over 1500 jars and a mural depicting a burial procession were found. A more recent wave of migrants arrived between AD 220 and 263; this was during a period known as the Three Kingdoms. "Little, dark people" living in Anwei province in South China were driven South by Han People. Some settled in Thailand, others went farther south to Indonesia, Borneo, they were known as Negritos from whom Palawan's Batak tribe descended. Palawan, along with the rest of Philippines, was part of greater India and indosphere as evident by the discovery of a gold ornamental pendant from the Tabon caves in the island of Palawan, it is an image of Garuda, the eagle bird, the mount of Hindu deity Vishnu. The discovery of sophisticated Hindu imagery and gold artifacts in Tabon caves has been linked to those found from Óc Eo archaeological site in Thoại Sơn District in southern An Giang Province of Vietnam in the Mekong River Delta.
These archaeological evidence suggests an active trade of many specialized goods and gold between India and Philippines and coastal regions of Vietnam and China. Between 8th to 12th centuries, Philippines was part of Hindu-Buddhist Srivijaya kingdowm, which in turn was a vassal of the Indian Hindu kingdom of Chola dynasty. Several places in Malaysia and Indonesia were invaded by Rajendra Chola I of the Chola dynasty; the Chola invasion furthered the expansion of Tamil merchant associations such as the Manigramam and Ainnurruvar into Southeast Asia. The Chola invasion led to the fall of the Sailendra Dynasty of Srivijaya and the Chola invasion coincides with return voyage of the great Buddhist scholar Atiśa from Sumatra to India and Tibet in 1025; the expedition of Rajendra Chola I is mentioned in the corrupted form as Raja Chulan in the medieval Malay chronicle Sejarah Melaya, Malay princes have names ending with Cholan or Chulan, such as Raja Chulan of Perak. With the Maharaja Sangrama Vijayottunggavarman imprisoned and most of its cities destroyed, the leaderless Srivijaya mandala entered a period of chaos and confusion.
The invasion marked the end of the Sailendra dynasty. According to the 15th-century Malay annals Sejarah Melayu, Rajendra Chola I after the successful naval raid in 1025 married Onang Kiu, the daughter of Vijayottunggavarman. In AD 982, ancient Chinese traders visited the islands. A Chinese author referred to these islands as Kla-ma-yan, Palau-ye, Paki-nung. Pottery and other artifacts recovered from caves and waters of Palawan attest to trade relations that existed between Chinese and Malay merchants. In the 12th century, Malay immigrants arrived. Most of their settlements were ruled by Malay chieftains; these people grew rice, coconuts, sweet potatoes and bananas. They raised swine and chickens. Most of their economic activities were fishing and hunting by the use of bamboo traps and blowguns; the local people had a dialect consisting of 18 syllables. They were followed by the Indonesians of the Majapahit Empire in the 13th century, they brought with them Buddhism and Hinduism. Surviving Buddhist images and sculptures are in and near Tabon Cave.
Because of Palawan's proximity to Borneo, southern portions of the island were under the control of the Sultanate of Brunei for more than two centuries, Islam was introduced. During the same period, trade relations flourished, intermarriages among the natives and the Chinese, Japanese and Hindu; the inter-mixing of blood resulted to a distinct breed of Palaweños, both in physical stature and features. After Ferdinand Magellan's death, remnants of his fleet landed in Palawan where the bounty of the land saved them from starvation. Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan's chronicler named the place "Land of Promise."The northern Calamianes Islands were the first to come under Spanish authority, were declared a province separate from the Palawan mainland. In the early 17th century, Spanish friars sent out missions in Cuyo, Agutaya and Cagayancillo but they met resistance from Moro communities. Before the 18th century, Spain bega
Taytay the Municipality of Taytay, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 75,165 people. Since 2002, its Cathedral of St. Joseph the Worker is the episcopal see of the pre-diocesan missionary Apostolic Vicariate of Taytay. Before the Spanish colonization, The Kingdom of Taytay was ruled by a monarch noted as followed everywhere at any given time by ten scribes; the crew of Ferdinand Magellan held the Taytay king and queen for ransom after escaping the Battle of Mactan where Magellan was slain. They intended to secure more supplies as they plan to cross into the Moluccas where the Portuguese were so help could be sought; the native king and his subjects complied with the demands and added more food supplies than what they asked for. This was duly recorded by Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan's chronicler, on board in one of the ships when these events took place. Pigafetta took note of one curious thing in the kingdom.
He found the natives fond of cockfighting, long before this pastime was seen or heard of in the Western Hemisphere. During the Spanish colonization of the Philippines, Taytay was formally founded in 1623. Taytay became the capital of the province of Calamianes, the entire territory of Paragua, in 1818. Archived baptismal records of Cuyo, Palawan show that the last monarch of the Kingdom of Taytay was converted to Christianity and christened Flores de los Santos Cabaylo meaning Cabaylo, Flower of the Saints. No other sovereign royal datu. King Cabaylo's descendants include the present clans of Cabaylo-Manlavi-Gabinete-Macolor as main genealogical roots, his Royal Highness Datu Dr. Fernando Macolor Cruz who hailed from the Cabailo-Manlavi-Gabinete-Macolor line of the royal house is the present pretender and sole claimant to the most serene and ancient throne of the Kingdom of Taytay. During the American era, Taytay ceased being Palawan's capital, its administrative boundary was reduced by 500,000 hectares upon the creation of the Municipality of El Nido in 1916.
The historic Taytay Fort, the Fuerza de Santa Isabel, built in 1667 under the Augustinian Recollect Fathers and named in honor of Spain's Queen Isabela II in the 19th century, was used as a military station during that period. This famous relic was completed in 1738, it was used to defend against Muslim warrior-raiders in their colorful war boats while the Spanish soldiers fire at them with their huge cannons. The fort's small chapel and cannons are still intact; the fort is now under the supervision of the National Museum. The Moro action must be understood not as an act of piracy but as a showdown of power and challenge to Spanish hegemony over the islands, it can be viewed as the Tausug's efforts to recover. Similar raids were carried out against Christian converts in Spanish Cuyo, Dumaran and Culion. In 1957, the Island of Dibangan was constituted into a barrio. Taytay is politically subdivided into 31 barangays. In the 2015 census, the population of Taytay, was 75,165 people, with a density of 60 inhabitants per square kilometre or 160 inhabitants per square mile.
Philippine Standard Geographic Code Philippine Census Information Local Governance Performance Management System
Culion the Municipality of Culion, is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 20,139 people. Culion consists of Culion Island as well as 41 minor surrounding islands, as part of the Calamian group of islands, it was a former leprosarium, starting in 1906 under the American colonial regime until the American commonwealth of the Philippines era. Although leprosy on the island-town was abolished in the 1980s, it was only in 2006 when it was declared a leprosy-free area by the World Health Organization; the municipality was created by virtue of Republic Act No. 7193 on February 19, 1992. In May 2017, the Philippine National Commission for UNESCO began its initiative to prepare the dossier of Culion's leprosy documentary heritage, which will be nominated in the future in the UNESCO Memory of the World Programme. In May 2018, the Culion Museum and Archives was nominated by the Philippines in the UNESCO Memory of the World Register – Asia and the Pacific..
In June 18, 2018, Culion Leprosy Archives was inscribed to the Memory of the World Register – Asia and the Pacific. The government and the Asia-Pacific bloc aims to nominate the archives further to the International Memory of the World Register. If approved by UNESCO, it will be the fifth internationally recognized documentary heritage of the Philippines, increasing Culion town's feasibility to become a world heritage site in the future. Culion is an island situated at the northernmost part of Palawan, it is part of the Calamian Archipelago in northern Palawan that includes the municipalities of Busuanga and Linapacan. During the Spanish Period, these were known as Provincia de España; the municipality has a land area of 500 square kilometres which includes the 41 surrounding islands and measures a total of 1,191.39 square kilometres including its territorial water. Its largest island, Culion Island, has an area of 389 square kilometres, it is bounded on the north by Busuanga Island, on the east by the Coron Reef, on the south by Linapacan Island, on the west by the South China Sea.
The Culion sea is teeming with a total of 201 fish species including commercially important fish like Lapu-lapu, Maya-Maya, Dalagang Bukid and Bisugo. Squid, shrimps, crabs and sea cucumber or trepang are plentiful. Three ecosystems sustain the rich marine life of Culion: mangroves and corals. 17 mangrove species cover the coastline of Culion. 9 seagrass species and 47 coral genera representing 60% of the total genera found in the Philippines are found in Culion. Culion is politically subdivided into 14 barangays: Aside from churches, the Spaniards built defensive fortifications in strategic places in Taytay, Agutaya, including a watch tower and fort in the locality of Libis in Culion. In 1858, Calamianes was divided into 2 provinces, “Castilla” and “Asturias”. Castilla, which included northern Palawan, retained its capital of Taytay. Asturias extended south to Balabac. In 1873, the capital of Palawan was changed from Taytay to Cuyo; the French anthropologist Alfred Marche traveled the Philippines and documented his research of many places.
French Ambassador Pirre Revol in particular translated Marche’s account of the Calamianes, Culion. Marche refers to Culion as the principal village of the Calamianes; the fact that a boat from Manila “touches Culion once a month” attests to the growing economy of the place at that time. Marche’s description of the place and people he met in the 1880s are important indicators of the ethnography of Calamianes since more than a hundred years ago; the primacy of Culion as a leading settlement community of the Calamianes is further supported by the fact that a Justice of the peace resided and held office in Culion. Claudio Sandoval y Rodriguez a Spanish mestizo from Jaro, Iloilo married Evarista Manlavi daughter of a rich landowner from Cuyo. Claudio Sandoval became Jezgado de Paz de Culion and held office sometime in the late 1880s; the seal of Claudio’s office was found stamped on handwritten circular dated December 11, 1889 that he sent to all within Culion’s “roriedad y sus visitas” warning residents of the penalties that will be imposed on them should they be caught gambling.
Culion's "visitas" included other areas in Calamianes. A remnant of the fort in San Pedro located somewhere in Burabud is a testimony of a rich history of Culion. In the early 1990s, it was thought that this fort was invaded by the roots of balete trees; this was built by the Spanish friars and is older than the one we now see in Culion proper, the Immaculate Conception Church built by the Jesuits. This fort in San Pedro was more or less built on the same span of date as that in Agutaya and Cuyo which forts found in these towns still stand today preserved by the Palawan government; when the treaty of Paris was signed on December 10, 1898, wherein Spain sold the Philippines to the United States for 20 million dollars, the funding of Culion as a reservation is related to the early efforts of the Americans to establish some form of public health policy in the Philippines as part of their long-term intentions to occupy the archipelago. One of the motivating factors for the creation of the Manila Board of Health was traditional belief that the maintenance of public health required the isolation of cases of leprosy from the rest of the public.
After an investigation of a number of sites, the island of Culion was selected as a segregation colony in 1901. On October 27, 1902 the Second Philippine Commission appro
Solar Entertainment Corporation
Solar Entertainment Corporation is a Filipino media company founded and owned by the siblings of the Tieng family which engages in property development, distribution of imported products and generic pharmaceutical products. Solar Entertainment operates four cable channels. Solar owns a film distribution company and a freemium digital television service. Solar Entertainment was founded and established by the brothers William Tieng, Wilson Tieng and Willy Tieng in 1976. Solar Films was formed in 1988, bringing international films to the Philippines. Since 2012, Solar has collaborated with independent film director Brillante Mendoza for a multiple film contract. On March 18, 2015, Solar launched the Sinag Maynila film festival is, which featured five films from a talented group of directors, each with a different vision and approach; the films were shown in select SM Cinemas from March 18 to 24, 2015. The winners were announced at the “Gabi ng Parangal” on March 22. On January 1, 1994, Solar launched on cable television as the Solar Entertainment Channel.
In 2000, DOMSAT became Solar's subsidiary. As a result, DOMSAT’s teleport is being used by Solar to produce and distribute its various television program services, its full service digital broadcast teleport features server technology facility located in Barangay Sta. Cruz, Sumulong Highway, Antipolo City, Rizal, it is built around two encoder platforms, Scientific Atlanta Power Vu Classic and Motorola Digicipher II. Program origination is done on a SeaChange Media Cluster Server System; the facility includes various linear and non-linear production bays. Solar Entertainment first launched its namesake entertainment cable channel in the early 2000s, one devoted to American programs; this channel was known as Solar USA, later as USA before it was replaced by two separate channels. In January 2004, Solar launched on cable sports alternative channel as Sports Plus. On August 23, 2004, Solar Entertainment launched ETC or Entertainment Central, positioned as the country’s premier cable female entertainment channel.
ETC is a platform that brings its audience closer to their aspirational lifestyle, as embodied by their idols. On May 5, 2005, it test launched delivering debbuting service. Intended for a predominantly male audience, the company launched the country’s leading general entertainment cable channel, Jack TV, in July. On October 15, 2005, Solar Entertainment launched a crime and action cable channel, Crime/Suspense or C/S. On December 15, 2005, Solar Entertainment launched a spin-off channel to ETC, ETC 2nd Avenue, a lifestyle and general entertainment channel. Started as a test broadcast on December 15, 2005, had its full launch in 2006; the channel was renamed as 2nd Avenue on January 17, 2007. On October 1, 2006, Sports Plus ceased broadcasting and replaced by the Basketball TV channel formed by Solar, while moving most of Sports Plus programs to Solar Sports. On January 1, 2008, Solar Entertainment Corporation began to lease block airtime with terrestrial TV networks, RPN, SBN and RJTV; the move was a result of SkyCable pulling out C/S, ETC, 2nd Avenue from the cable company's lineup at their own right.
Those three started carrying shows from Solar's, with C/S on RPN, ETC on SBN, 2nd Avenue on RJTV. On May 22, 2009, a victory party for Manny "Pacman" Pacquiao, who just became the new IBO and Ring Magazine Light Welterweight Champion, was held at the Renaissance Hotel in Makati City, in partnership with GMA Network Inc. Solar and GMA executives at that time signed for a partnership in TV coverage of Manny Pacquiao's upcoming boxing matches; the C/S cable channel was rebranded as C/S Origin in September 2008, while the RPN network changed its branding to C/S 9 the next month. On November 29, 2009, Solar rebranded C/S9 as Solar TV at 11:00 am with a slogan It's A Bright New World on RPN. On October 31, 2010, it changed some of its programming content to English/Tagalog with a new slogan Kung Saan Lahat Panalo!. In mid-2010, GemCom sold all of its 97% equity share in SBN to Solar for Php 368.8 million. Since SBN became a owned subsidiary of Solar. On February 11, 2011, SEC partnered with ABS-CBN Corporation to air National Basketball Association games over free TV starting February 19, 2011.
The games are aired on Studio 23 and ABS-CBN, but Solar still airs the games daily on BTV. On March 2, 2011, after SEC acquired 34 percent of RPN's shares from the Philippine government as part of RPN/IBC privatization in 2011, Solar TV ventured into news at the end of 2011. On that same day, ETC moved to RPN while TalkTV launched over SBN. TalkTV was formed by Solar-owned Solar Television Network; the first programs that aired on the channel were Dateline NBC, Today Show, Today's Talk, NBC Nightly News, Inside Edition, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno and Late Show with David Letterman. On April 8, 2011, Solar Entertainment Corporation launched The Game Channel on Destiny Cable, it conducted its initial test broadcast from April 8, 2011, until September 29. It began airing on BEAM Channel 31 on August 15, 2011, after BEAM and Solar signed an affiliation deal, which gave the latter the use of the former's facilities. Full broadcast started on September 30, 2011. In May 2011, ETC launched the slogan "Young and Loving It".
It saw new programs such as the reality series The Rachel Zoe Project
Cuyo the Municipality of Cuyo, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 22,360 people, its territory includes the western half of Cuyo Island, as well as Bisucay, Cauayan, Lubid, Pamalican, Pandan and Quiminatin islands, all part of the Cuyo Archipelago. Cuyo is the oldest town in Palawan which has a culture of its own and was preserved for more than 350 years. During the Spanish colonization of the Philippines, Cuyo became the second capital of Palawan from 1873 to 1903. From the sea, Cuyo Island's first visible landmark is a lighthouse by the pier. Many of the streets leading to the town have been cemented but the town has preserved the Hispanic plaza-iglesia structures. Dominating the town centre is Cuyo's 1860 church and fort built by the Spanish and finished in 1680. Nearby stands a schoolhouse, a monument of national hero Jose Rizal; the municipality is served by Cuyo Airport in the neighboring municipality of Magsaysay.
The town and its cultural and natural environs are being considered to be nominated in the tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage Site declaration in the future. Cuyo Island is the largest island of the Cuyo Archipelago, about 13 kilometres long, 7.5 kilometres wide, with an area of 57 square kilometres. It is under the jurisdiction of the municipalities of Magsaysay; the poblacion of Cuyo is home to a Spanish fort, which shelters a church and a convent in its high stone walls.. Cuyo is politically subdivided into 17 barangays. In 1956, sitio Danawan was elevated into a barrio. Oriental traders were early discoverers of the Cuyo group of islands and introduced barter trading with the locals; the Malay chief Matuod and his people arrived in big boats called sakayan and formed settlements on Cuyo. The Islamic chieftain Datu Magbanua also settled on Cuyo consolidating his power so that chieftains from other islands recognized his rule; the Malays brought with them their dances, when blended with native dance, the "Soriano", it became known as the "pondo-pondo" one of the most popular folk dances up to the present.
During the rule of Datu Magbanua, three Chinese arrived on the island and settled on Cuyo. The Chinese discovered gold deposits in Mount Aguado and introduced gold mining, smith working and other handicrafts; the natives of Cuyo became suspicious of their presence and expelled them. They formed another settlement called Parián. In 1622, the Conde de San Agustín, together with five Spanish missionaries, colonised the island they named Cuyo; the friendly character of the people proved to be a blessing to the Spaniards, who found it easy converting the native population to Catholicism. They baptised some 500 inhabitants, many still regarded their indigenous Cuyonon religion as sacred and continued to perform Cuyonon rituals; the supreme deity of the Cuyunon people was Diwata ng Kagubatan, honored in a celebrated feast, periodically held atop of Mount Caimana in Cuyo Island. When most of the natives were converted to Christianity during the Spanish Era, about 2/3 of the converted Cuyunon were still celebrating her feast, angering the Spanish imperialists.
The situation led the Spanish authorities to intensify their evangelization and governance efforts, which included the forced Roman Catholic conversion of the Cuyonon people, burning of houses of non-Catholic Cuyonons, massive slavery. The Spanish called Diwata ng Kagubatan as Virgen Del Monte, in another bid to rebrand the deity as'Catholic'. In 1636, a powerful fleet under the Muslim Datu Tagul raided other places in Palawan. In Cuyo, the Muslims attacked the church and clergy house, they took with them prisoners including a priest, Fr. Francisco de Jesús María, they sailed to Agutaya and Culion, where they pillaged and attacked defenceless civilians. The raiders abducted another priest from Fr. Alonzo de San Agustín, as he was saying Mass. A Spanish naval flotilla of six vessels and 250 men under Captain Nicolas Gonzáles met the returning pirates with their loot and booty on December 21, 1636. Datu Tagul was killed, 300 of his men captured, 120 prisoners were freed; the two captured priests were killed.
In 1957, the following sitios were converted to barrios: Balading. In the 2015 census, the population of Cuyo, was 22,360 people, with a density of 260 inhabitants per square kilometre or 670 inhabitants per square mile. During the early Spanish period, purposely to protect the Cuyonon from sporadic Moro attacks, Fort Cuyo was constructed and finished in 1680; the original complex of stone and mortar was a square with four bastions. The present complex, which occupies 1 hectare, is a solid rectangular edifice with walls 10 metres high and 2 metres thick, it watchtowers. It is considered as one of unique forts in the Philippines. Unique in the sense that you can find the church, the convent and the Perpetual Adoration chapel all within the fort. In 1762 one of the British ships that invaded Manila fired at the Cuyo fort but it was not damaged at all. Another fort was started at Lucbuan seven kilometres away on the east side of Cuyo island, but it was never finished. In 1873, the capital of Paragua was transferred to Cuyo from Taytay.
Despite its long history Cuyo has held back the hands of time and preserved its rich cultural heritage preserved since more than 350 years. The tipan