Wayne is a village in DuPage and Kane counties, United States. The eastern portion, in DuPage County, is in Wayne Township, while the western portion, in Kane County, is in St. Charles Township; the population was 2,431 at the 2010 census. And 2,490 as a 2012-2016 five year population estimate with over 70% of families reporting income over $100,000 in census figures. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Wayne was a prominent center of horse breeding and farming research; the community was known for breeding French Percheron horses, a draught horse similar to a Clydesdale. Wayne was named Wayne Station and was named after Anthony Wayne. Wayne was incorporated in 1958; the community was administered as a private association called the "Wayne Community Association" with voluntary contributions funding village services including police. Since World War II, Wayne has grown adding subdivisions near Illinois Route 59, off Munger Road, near Smith Road, near Dunham Castle at Army Trail Road, along Powis Road, filling in throughout the Village.
For work, residents are commuters to Chicago via railroad stations in Geneva, Bartlett, or West Chicago or drive to Chicago or other suburbs in Kane, DuPage, Cook, or McHenry County. A number of residents have home-based home offices. In October, 2007, the historic Chicago and Northwestern railway station was relocated from Dunham Castle to the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad tracks at Army Trail Road; the station was at that location, but moved to Dunham Castle during the 1940s or 1950s. Through grants and contributions from Dunham Castle's owners, the station was moved back to its original location and is being restored; this building is locally called "The Depot". Additional railroad buildings were relocated to private property in the Village including one station building about ½ mile west of Munger Road on Army Trail Road. Wayne's primary landmark is the Dunham Castle built between 1878 and 1882; the stone structure, complete with turret, was inspired by a Norman castle and was built by one of Wayne's first pioneers, Mark Dunham, a Percheron horse breeder.
Assisting Mark in the design was architect Smith Hoag of Illinois. Mark Dunham's horse farm, Oaklawn Farm, founded in Wayne in 1866, was one of the earliest Percheron breeding farms in the U. S.. During the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, a train from Chicago to Wayne brought guests to see the Percheron horses at the 2,000 acres farm; those that made the trip included Cyrus McCormick, George Pullman, the Duke of Veragua. At the height of the Percheron business, Dunham built a house, now called Dunham Castle, near the farm, on the northwest corner of Army Trail Road and Dunham Road; the Dunhams-based the idea for the design of their new home on that of French chateaux. The building, of brick, stone, with different colored slate roofing, stands surrounded by woods, a sloping lawn; the interior has parquet floors, statues and copies of fine, French artwork. In 1899, Wirth Dunham inherited Dunham Castle, he died in 1931. In 1953, Dunham Castle was converted into four spacious apartments. No interior alterations were made.
Between 1953 and 1976 there were several owners. In 1976, the Castle was sold to the Griffins family, who looked into making the house a museum, professional office, or private dining club. In 1976, the house was put up for sale; the castle has been open to public tours, for charity fund raisers. The house is again owned, having been sold in October, 2013 and in early 2016 started extensive renovation by its private owner with completion expected in 2018; when Marc Dunham finished the construction of Dunham Castle, made it his primary residence, the original Dunham home evolved into an inn and sales pavilion for the Dunham family’s Oaklawn Farm. However, Percheron horse demand declined as gas-powered cars and farm implements grew in popularity making Percherons a novelty or parade horse, Oaklawn Farm ceased operation as a commercial enterprise; the offices of Dunham's farm popularly known as the “Inn”, are well-preserved, now home to Wayne's only dining establishment and social club, the Dunham Woods Riding Club.
The Dunham Woods Riding Club was founded in 1934 by a group of Wayne and Geneva residents who leased the original Dunham family home. A fire destroyed the original old coach house in 1950 and the proceeds of the insurance were utilized by the club to purchase the Inn, the Lower Barn, swimming pool, tennis courts, surrounding land; the Gray Room ballroom, Formal Dining Room and a new kitchen were added in 1957. In 1961, the Wayne-DuPage Hunt was instrumental in purchasing more land from Dunham’s Inc. including the Kennels and Upper Barn. This purchase was made in the name of the Dunham Woods Riding Club. Additional land was purchased in 1975, which included the outdoor riding rings, indoor riding ring, outside cross-country course, tenant house, new pole barn all of which are leased to the Hunt by the Club. In 1979, the four corners comprising the intersection of Army Trail and Dunham Roads, The Dunham Woods Riding Club and Dunham Castle, together with the additional surrounding land and outbuildings were accepted into the National Register of Historic Places.
The Dunham Woods Riding Club is an active social and tennis club, with three dining rooms, two private rooms, a terrace, a patio. The club is open February through December. Club members are Wayne residents, as well as residents from
Glen Ellyn, Illinois
Glen Ellyn is a village in DuPage County, United States. A suburb located 24 miles due west of downtown Chicago, the village had a population of 27,450 as of the 2010 Census; the first landowner in Glen Ellyn was Deacon Winslow Churchill. He and his family moved to Glen Ellyn from New York in 1834. Other newcomers to the area built town necessities such as school. Moses Stacy, a soldier in the War of 1812, arrived here in 1835, his inn, Stacy's Tavern, built in 1846 and his second home, was a halfway stop between Chicago and the Fox River Valley and a probable stop for Galena, Illinois stagecoaches on their way to Rockford, Illinois. Stacy's Tavern, now a historical monument, stands at what is now the intersection of Geneva Road and Main Street. In 1849, construction of the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad through Glen Ellyn was finished; the area around the railroad became the center of the town. At first, trains running through the town on the railway did not stop there. A local man named Lewey Q. Newton made an offer to the railroad company: Newton would build a depot and water tank out of his own pocket if the railroad would require trains to stop there.
The depot that Newton built became known as Newtown Station. The first church, a Congregational church, was built in 1862. Many Protestant churches were built in the village in the years to come, it wasn't until 60 years that the first Catholic church was built. The growing settlement went through several names, including Babcock's Grove, DuPage Center, Stacy's Corners, Newton's Station and Prospect Park; the current Glen Ellyn is based on the Welsh version of the name of the then–village president Thomas E. Hill's wife Ellen, preceded by glen, referring to the local geography; the name Glen Ellyn had been adopted by 1889, when village president Hill and businessman Philo Stacy spearheaded a project to create a new lake, called Lake Glen Ellyn, by having a dam built in a nearby stream. In 1890, residents discovered mineral springs near the village; this contributed to Glen Ellyn advertising itself as Chicago's newest suburb and health resort, soon followed by the Village of Glen Ellyn being incorporated on May 10, 1892.
The large Lake Glen Ellyn Hotel opened in 1892, the same year much of the business district was destroyed by fire. Fourteen years the hotel was struck by lightning and burned to the ground; the village's all-volunteer fire department was created in 1907. By the end of the 20th century, it was the last all-volunteer fire department in DuPage County. By World War I, Glen Oak Country Club served the Oak Park and Glen Ellyn communities, in 1922 the first Glenbard high school was built; the Village of Glen Ellyn is a suburb of Chicago, it lies about 24 miles due west of downtown Chicago. According to the 2010 census, Glen Ellyn has a total area of 6.773 square miles, of which 6.61 square miles is land and 0.163 square miles is water. As of the 2000 census, there were 26,999 people, 10,207 households, 7,195 families residing in the village; the population density was 4,080.6 people per square mile. There were 10,515 housing units at an average density of 1,589.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 89.50% White, 2.13% African American, 0.14% Native American, 4.74% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.83% from other races, 1.66% from two or more races.
Hispanic of any race composed 4.72% of the population. There were 10,207 households. Additionally, 61.0% of households were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.5% were non-families. Individuals accounted for 25.2% of all households, 9.3% were people 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.21. In the village, the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. According to 2008-2012 estimates published by the U. S. Census Bureau, the median income for a household in the village was $90,640, the median income for a family was $123,455. Males had a median income of $68,630 versus $36,287 for females; the per capita income for the village was $39,783.
A total of 2.8% of the population, 1.3% of families, had incomes below the poverty line. By age, 2.4% of those under the age of 18, 2.0% of those 65 and older, were living below the poverty line. Glen Ellyn is served by the Metra Union Pacific/West Line; the Glen Ellyn station is located at 551 Crescent Blvd, near the heart of the downtown business district. The station is located 22.4 miles away from Ogilvie Transportation Center, the eastern terminus of the West Line. Glen Ellyn is served by Pace bus routes 714, 715, 301 passing through the village on Roosevelt Road; the Illinois Prairie Path bicycle trail bisects the village and the Great Western Trail passes through the northern edge. At the east end of the village, Roosevelt Road provides access onto Interstate 355. Glen Ellyn Park District was establish on November 3, 1919 as a government agency for the community of Glen Ellyn Illinois; this facility was made to provide recreational activities such as, dance and more. The park district provides more than 700 programs and it's open all year round, the park district's year is divided into three seasons: Fall, Winte
Addison is a village located in the Chicago Metropolitan Area, in DuPage County, United States. The population was 36,942 at the 2010 census; the community itself was named Dunkley's Grove after the settler Hezekiah Dunklee, was renamed after a town in England or Addison, New York. Adventureland amusement park was located in Addison during the 1970s; the Addison Industrial District was the proposed location for the reconstruction of Comiskey Park in the late 1980s before this was voted down. The Village of Addison lies on a tributary of the Des Plaines River. Addison is located at 41°55′54″N 88°0′8″W. According to the 2010 census, Addison has a total area of 9.98 square miles, of which 9.77 square miles is land and 0.21 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 35,914 people, 11,649 households, 9,097 families residing in the village; the population density was 3,807.6 people per square mile. There were 11,805 housing units at an average density of 1,251.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 75.39% White, 2.51% African American, 0.35% Native American, 7.94% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 11.39% from other races, 2.40% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.40% of the population. There were 11,649 households out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.7% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.9% were non-families. 16.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.07 and the average family size was 3.46. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males. The median income for a household in the village was $54,090, the median income for a family was $59,007. Males had a median income of $39,718 versus $27,815 for females; the per capita income for the village was $21,201.
9.6% of the population and 7.2% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.2% of those under the age of 18 and 7.3% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Addison is home to Indian Trail Junior High School; the Elementary schools are: Wesley Elementary, Lake Park Elementary, Fullerton Elementary, Army Trail Elementary, Lincoln Elementary and Stone Elementary. St. Philip the Apostle, a private Catholic school and parish, is located in Addison and serves students from pre-kindergarten through 8th grade. Driscoll Catholic High School was located in Addison before closing in 2009. DeVry University and Chamberlain College of Nursing call Addison home. Another public place in Addison for education is the Addison Public Library, it offers thousands of books to residents, as well as computer privileges and various educational, creative and technical skill classes. According to Addison's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were: Rich Veenstra is the Mayor of Addison.
Other elected officials include Village Trustees Sam Nasti, Harry Theodore, Tom Hundley, Bill Lynch, Cathy Kluczny and Joe McDermott, Village Clerk Lucille Zucchero. The town of Triggiano, Italy is the sister city of Addison. Addison is located in Illinois's 8th congressional district, represented by Raja Krishnamoorthi. In the Illinois Senate it is Representative by Tom Cullerton. In the Illinois House of Representatives it is represented by Christine Winger, Deb Conroy. and Kathleen Willis. Mark Anelli, former tight end for the San Francisco 49ers and St. Louis Rams. Tim Breslin, professional hockey player, he played left wing for the Chicago Wolves. Jim Ellison, founder of the legendary Power Pop band, Material Issue, along with Ted Ansani and Mike Zelenko. Jamie Freveletti, author of the Covert-One series novels The Geneva Strategy. Bobby Hull, Hockey Hall of Fame inductee, he lived in Addison from 1963-1971. George Ireland, men's basketball coach who led the Loyola Ramblers to win the 1963 NCAA championship.
He died in Addison. Kyle Kinane, stand-up comedian and actor, he is a graduate of Addison Trail High School. Hubert J. Loftus and politician Tony Pasquesi, defensive lineman for the Chicago Cardinals from 1955-1957, he was a resident of Addison at the time of his death. Rob Renzetti and creator of My Life as a Teenage Robot, he was raised in Addison. Mike Retondo, bassist for the Plain White T's. Mark Rodenhauser, an American football player who played center for seven NFL teams from 1987 to 1999, he played football at Addison Trail High School. Alexa Scimeca Knierim, pair skater and winner of the 2015 U. S. Figure Skating Championships with her then-fiancé Chris Knierim, she is a graduate of Addison Trail High School. Rocco Sisto, actor best known for playing young Junior Soprano on The Sopranos. Leon Spinks, boxer, he resided in Addison after his retirement from boxing. Lina Trivedi, involved with creation of, she was raised in Addison where she lived for most of her school-age and young-adult life, is a graduate of Addison Trail H
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois
Oakbrook Terrace is a city in DuPage County, is a suburb of Chicago. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 2,134, estimated to have increased to 2,155 by July 2012, it is the smallest town in DuPage County, in terms of population. Oakbrook Terrace was named Utopia, a name suggested by a postmaster; the name Oakbrook Terrace was adopted in November 1959. According to the 2010 census, Oakbrook Terrace has a total area of 1.278 square miles, of which 1.25 square miles is land and 0.028 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,300 people, 1,198 households, 553 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,651.2 people per square mile. There were 1,327 housing units at an average density of 952.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 80.52% White, 4.13% African American, 12.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, 2.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.13% of the population. There were 1,198 households out of which 14.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 53.8% were non-families.
46.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.77. In the city, the population was spread out with 13.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $59,148, the median income for a family was $85,374. Males had a median income of $60,563 versus $45,000 for females; the per capita income for the city was $44,345. About 2.7% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over. Oakbrook Terrace Tower, an octagonal 31-story office building, was designed by Helmut Jahn and built in 1987, it is the tallest building in Illinois outside the city limits of Chicago and is owned by General Electric.
The 418-foot tower has 773,000 square feet of office space. The tower was long dogged by rumors and news reports that it was sinking, it stands on the site of the former Dispensa's Castle of Toys. Drury Lane is a large conference center adjacent to the Oakbrook Terrace Tower, it boasts a 971-seat theater. The facility can host: wedding receptions and banquets, corporate meetings and conferences, trade shows and conventions, live theater, concerts. Located on the site is a Hilton Suites Hotel and Hilton Garden Inn; the headquarters of Redbox and the Joint Commission, which accredits US healthcare entities, are located in Oakbrook Terrace
Wood Dale, Illinois
Wood Dale is a city in Addison Township, DuPage County, United States. The population was 13,770 at the 2010 census, estimated to have increased to 13,911, as of July 2012. Wood Dale was known as Lester's Station, after John Lester, an early settler. According to the 2010 census, Wood Dale has a total area of 4.834 square miles, of which 4.72 square miles is land and 0.114 square miles is water. Wood Dale shares borders with Elk Grove Village, Bensenville and Itasca As of the census of 2000, there were 13,535 people, 5,117 households, 3,663 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,897.8 people per square mile. There were 5,220 housing units at an average density of 1,117.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.22 percent White, 0.58 percent African American, 0.15 percent Native American, 3.24 percent Asian, 0.07 percent Pacific Islander, 4.80 percent from other races, 1.94 percent from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.06 percent of the population.
There were 5,117 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.4% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.15. Wood Dale has two primary schools, Oakbrook Elementary School and Westview Elementary School, one middle school, Wood Dale Junior High School as well as Holy Ghost. Wood Dale shares Fenton High School with Bensenville; the city's population was spread out with 22.4 percent under the age of 18, 7.6 percent from 18 to 24, 29.4 percent from 25 to 44, 26.5 percent from 45 to 64, 14.1 percent who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males. The top 5 employing industry sectors in Wood Dale are manufacturing, retail trade, health care, wholesale trade and administration.
A pluralty of the workforce commutes from Chicago, followed by Wood Dale itself, Elk Grove Village and Bensenville. The top 5 employing industry sectors of community residents are wholesale trade, manufacturing and healthcare; the median income for a household in the city was $57,509, the median income for a family was $62,289. Males had a median income of $45,884 versus $35,247 for females; the per capita income for the city was $25,507. About 2.9% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over. At one time Claire's had a distribution facility in Wood Dale; that function is now handled by its Hoffman Estates office. According to Wood Dale's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Wood Dale has a station on Metra's Milwaukee District/West Line, which provides daily rail service between Elgin and Chicago, Illinois. Illinois Route 390 is in the city's corporate limits near the northern border of the city and has an exit to Wood Dale Road.
Cefalù, Italy Chicago, Illinois Colin Brady, American animator and film director, raised in Wood Dale. Henry Hyde, Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from 1975-2007, resided in Wood Dale. Natalie Jaresko, Ukraine's Minister of Finance. Monica Pedersen, Chicago designer for HGTV shows Designed to Dream Home. James "Pate" Philip, President of the Illinois Senate. Ray Soden, Illinois state senator. Jim Spivey, retired American middle-distance runner and three time Olympian, raised in Wood Dale. Christine Winger, Republican member of the Illinois House of Representatives, she served as a member of the Wood Dale City Council prior to serving as State Representative. City of Wood Dale
Batavia is a city in DuPage and Kane Counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. A suburb of Chicago, it is the oldest city in Kane County. During the latter part of the 19th century, home to six American-style windmill manufacturing companies, became known as "The Windmill City." Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, a federal government-sponsored high-energy physics laboratory, where both the bottom quark and the top quark were first detected, is located in the city. Batavia is part of a vernacular region known as the Tri-City area, along with St. Charles and Geneva, all western suburbs of similar size and relative socioeconomic condition; as of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 26,045, estimated to have increased to 26,391 by July 2016. Batavia was first settled in 1833 by his family. Called Big Woods for the wild growth throughout the settlement, the town was renamed by local judge and former Congressman Isaac Wilson in 1840 after his former home of Batavia, New York; because Judge Wilson owned the majority of the town, he was given permission to rename the city.
Batavia's settlement was delayed one year by the Black Hawk War, in which Abraham Lincoln was a citizen soldier, Zachary Taylor and Jefferson Davis were Army officers. Although there is no direct evidence that Lincoln, Taylor, or Davis visited the future site of Batavia, there are writings by Lincoln that refer to "Head of the Big Woods,", Batavia's original name from its first settler, Christopher Payne; the city was incorporated on July 27, 1872. After the death of her husband, Mary Todd Lincoln was an involuntary resident of the Batavia Institute on May 20, 1875. At the time the institute was known as a sanitarium for women. Mrs. Lincoln was released four months on September 11, 1875. In the late 19th century, Batavia was a major manufacturer of the Conestoga wagons used in the country's westward expansion. Into the early 20th century, most of the windmill operated waterpumps in use throughout America's farms were made at one of the three windmill manufacturing companies in Batavia. Many of the original limestone buildings that were part of these factories are still in use today as government and commercial offices and storefronts.
The Aurora Elgin and Chicago Railway constructed a power plant in southern Batavia and added a branch to the city in 1902. The Campana Factory was built in 1936 to manufacture cosmetics for The Campana Company, most notably Italian Balm, the nation's best-selling hand lotion at the time. Batavia is located at 41°50′56″N 88°18′30″W. According to the 2010 census, Batavia has a total area of 9.707 square miles, of which 9.64 square miles is land and 0.067 square miles is water. Batavia Avenue Main Street Randall Road Washington Street/River Street Wilson Street As of the 2000 U. S. census, there were 23,866 people, 8,494 households, 6,268 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,638.4 people per square mile. There were 8,806 housing units at an average density of 973.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.21% White, 2.42% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.35% Asian, none Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.27% of the population.
There were 8,494 households out of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.2% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.27. In the city, the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males. Males had a median income of $55,913 versus $35,083 for females; the per capita income for the city was $38,576. About 2.5% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over. According to the 2008 U.
S. Census Bureau estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $90,680, the median income for a family was $103,445, the median home value was $329,800. Aldi, Inc. the U. S. subsidiary of Aldi Süd, has its headquarters in Batavia. Fermilab is located just outside the town borders and serves as employment for many of the town's residents. According to the City's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Batavia is an award-winning community. In 2007, BusinessWeek ranked Batavia #21 on a national list of the 50 best places in America to raise kids. In 2009, Batavia was ranked #56 on CNN Money's Best Small Towns in the nation. In 2011, Batavia was voted by RelocateAmerica as one of the Top 100 Places to Live in America. In 2013, Batavia won the Best Street Award from the Illinois Chapter of the Congress of New Urbanism for the City's Streetscape redevelopment of River Street; the River Street design was awarded the Lieutenant Governor's Award for Excellence in Downtown Revitalization at the Illinois Main Street Conference in 2013.
In 2013, the City of Batavia was designated as a Bike Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists. Only six communities in Illinois are designated Bike Friendly Communities. In 2013, Batavia's collection of historic windmills was designated as an Histor