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Gillian Guy

Dame Gillian Guy DBE is a British administrator, Chief Executive Officer of Citizens Advice, a charity organisation employing 7,000. She joined in 2010 from the charity Victim Support, she is a non-practitioner member of the Banking Standards Board. Guy has been Chief Executive Officer of three organisations, as well as a board member of four. In 1994, she became CEO of London Borough of Ealing, she continued working there for 12 years before moving to Victim Support, her first executive role in a charity. Victim Support, a charity that supports victims of various crimes, hired Guy in 2006, where she worked for four years. In an interview, Guy characterized the move from public sector to charitable organization sector: "In the public sector, there was never enough money to do what you wanted. It's always about getting more for less." She consolidated Victim Support into one charity from a network of seventy-seven, according to The Guardian. Guy was hired as the Chief Executive Officer of Citizens Advice in 2010.

The charity, a network of independent charities across multiple countries, employs over 21,000 volunteers. In an interview with The Guardian, she noted that her experience at Victim Support prepared her for working cooperatively with the government. Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Guy was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2020 New Year Honours for services to the public and voluntary sectors

First Moscow State Medical University

First Moscow State Medical University is the oldest medical school in Russia, located in Moscow. The university was founded in 1758 as medical faculty of Imperial Moscow University as the first medical school in Russia; the institution separated from the Moscow State University and became independent in 1930. The university was renamed after Russian physiologist, Ivan Sechenov, in 1955, it was known as I. M. Sechenov First Moscow Institute of Medicine until 1990, I. M. Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy from 1990 to 2010. MSMU is located at a historical medical campus, in Moscow; the university was inaugurated as the Imperial Moscow University in 1755. It is named after Ivan Sechenov, a doctoral graduate of Moscow Imperial, known as the "father of Russian physiology." The institution became independent in 1930 and acquired full university status in 2010. It celebrated its 260th anniversary in 2018; the academy is a center for training and further education for medical staff and pharmacists. It has 20 buildings with classrooms and lecture halls, a clinical center, a research center, publishing section, a video-photo department, botanical garden and several students' hostels.

About 1500 graduates are involved in post-graduate training as part of internship, clinical internship, covering all clinical specialities, or post-graduate courses. There are 160 chairs at the university, it collaborates with various international organizations including the International Association of the University Programs for Health Management, the World Organization of National Colleges and General Practitioners, the American International Alliance on Health Problems, the European Association of Management in Health Care, the World Academy of Medical Education. Faculty of Medicine Faculty of Pharmacy Faculty of Pediatrics Faculty of Preventive Medicine Faculty of Dentistry Faculty of Postgraduate Professional Training of Physicians Preparatory Department for International Applicants Institute of Professional Education Center of Master's Programs Sergey Botkin — Russian clinician, therapist and one of the founders of modern Russian medical science and education Sergei Korsakoff — Russian neuropsychiatrist.

Plough Lane

Plough Lane was a football stadium in Wimbledon, south west London. For nearly eighty years it was the home ground of Wimbledon Football Club, from September 1912 until May 1991, when the club moved their first team home matches to Selhurst Park as part of a groundshare agreement with Crystal Palace. Both clubs' reserve teams used Plough Lane as their home ground until 1998, when the site was sold to Safeway. Whilst site redevelopment plans were negotiated, the stadium remained derelict for several years until it was demolished in 2002; the site became a private housing development known as Reynolds Gate, completed in 2008. Plans to build a new stadium for AFC Wimbledon on the nearby site of the Wimbledon Greyhound track 200 yards from the original Plough Lane stadium, were approved by Merton Council in December 2015. Construction on the'New Plough Lane' began in 2018; the leasehold on the disused swampland at the corner of Plough Lane and Haydons Road was purchased by Wimbledon Football Club in 1912.

The pitch was fenced in and the playing surface improved, while a dressing room was built. A stand holding 500 spectators was erected, Wimbledon played their first match at the ground on 7 September 1912, a friendly match against Carshalton Athletic, drawn 2–2. Improvements continued to be made to the ground during the First World War, Plough Lane soon became the pride of the club — in 1918, Vice-president A. Gill Knight boasted that the club had "the finest ground in the southern district". During the 1920s, crowds were taken at between five and eight thousand; the South Stand was added in 1923, purchased from Clapton Orient. The terrace in front of the North Stand was improved during 1932–33, by the start of the Second World War the ground's capacity stood at 30,000; the ground was used as the site of an amateur international match, when England took on Wales on 19 January 1935. However, damage caused during the Second World War meant that extensive redevelopment was necessary after the club returned in 1944 — the South Stand had been bombed, the incomplete fencing meant the club could not charge for admission.

Half-time collections were taken to keep the club operating. The South Stand was restored to its former glory in 1950, 1950–51 saw the capacity back around the 25,000 mark. Glass panels were fitted at each end of both stands two years at the cost of £90, 8s — a sum equivalent to £1,882 in 2009. Floodlights were purchased in July 1954, the North Stand was rebuilt before the 1957–58 season; the ground's freehold was purchased from Merton Borough Council by chairman Sydney Black for £8,250 in November 1959, donated to the club. Black announced at the same time that the floodlights purchased five years earlier would be erected on eight pylons the next year at the cost of £4,000. Due to inflation, the price paid by Black for the stadium would have been equal to £143,097 in 2009 — this became significant as one of the conditions of the sale of the ground was the insertion of a pre-emption clause stating that if the site was to be used for any purpose other than sport, the Council would have the right to buy the ground back for the same price it had been paid, regardless of inflation.

As the pound sterling's value decreased over the years, this clause became a double-edged sword — it protected the club from asset strippers, but meant that the stadium's value could never grow above the £8,250 that Black had paid in 1959. The first match under the new floodlights took place on 3 October 1960, in a London Charity Cup match against Arsenal. Arsenal beat Wimbledon 4–1; the ground remained unchanged until the club's election to the Football League, though during 1971–72 an attempt was made to start a market on the club's grounds to raise funds. The High Court ruled that this plan contravened a statute decreed by Charles I in 1628 forbidding any market within seven miles of Kingston upon Thames's market— the court reckoned the distance to be five and a half miles, so no market was built. Despite election to the Football League in 1977 and subsequent success, the club was still plagued by financial trouble. To try and ease the strain on the club, in April 1983 Wimbledon bought out the preemption clause inserted back in 1959 for £100,000.

A year they sold the ground to club chairman Sam Hammam for £3 million. Following the publication of the Taylor Report in 1990, which introduced new safety measures for football stadia including the regulation that the stadia of teams at the highest level be made all-seater by August 1994, the board of the club decided that Plough Lane could not be economically redeveloped to meet the new standards; the work required to modernise Plough Lane would have been difficult and expensive, but not impossible as the board claimed. A temporary groundshare with Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park was announced the same year, to begin from the start of the 1991–92 season; this arrangement was only expected to last for a few seasons, but it would last for 12 years and would end in a different fashion to what might have been expected at the outset. Wimbledon's final first team match at Plough Lane came on 4 May 1991, coincidentally against Crystal Palace. 10,002 spectators saw Crystal Palace beat Wimbledon 3–0, before swarming onto the pitch to bid farewell to the ground.

Plans to build a new 20,000-seat stadium in the London Borough of Merton had been approved by the local council in 1988, but the club did not follow this up and the stadium was never built. A public park was established on its planned site. Over the next decade, numerous options for a new stadium to be built in either the London Borough of Merton or elsewhere were explored, including a controversial plan to relocate to Dublin] in the Republi


Pachydactylus is a genus of insectivorous geckos, lizards in the family Gekkonidae. The genus is endemic to Africa, member species are known as thick-toed geckos; the genus Pachydactylus is characterised by dilated toe tips with undivided scansors. Body scales are small and non-overlapping, with scattered, large keeled tubercles. Most, if not all, species of Pachydactylus are nocturnal. Pachydactylus species live in a diverse range of habitats. Lizards of the genus Pachydactylus feed on arthropods; the geographic range of the genus Pachydactylus is centred on Southern Africa, with some species reaching East Africa, the northernmost limit of their distribution. There are 57 species that are recognized as being valid: Pachydactylus acuminatus V. FitzSimons, 1941 Pachydactylus affinis Boulenger, 1896 – Transvaal thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus amoenus F. Werner, 1910 Pachydactylus angolensis Loveridge, 1944 - Angola large-scaled gecko, Angolan thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus atorquatus Bauer, Barts & Hulbert, 2006 Pachydactylus austeni Hewitt, 1923 – Austen's thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus barnardi V. FitzSimons, 1941 – Barnard's thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus bicolor Hewitt, 1926 – velvety thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus boehmei Bauer, 2010 Pachydactylus capensis – Cape thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus caraculicus V. FitzSimons, 1959 – Angolan banded thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus carinatus Bauer, Lamb & Branch, 2006 Pachydactylus etultra Branch, Jackman & Heinicke, 2011 Pachydactylus fasciatus Boulenger, 1888 – banded thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus formosus A. Smith, 1849 – Smith's thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus gaiasensis Steyn & J. Mitchell, 1967 – Brandberg thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus geitje – ocellated thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus griffini Bauer, Lamb & Branch, 2006 Pachydactylus haackei Branch, Bauer & Good, 1996 – Haacke's thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus katanganus de Witte, 1953 Pachydactylus kladaroderma Branch, Bauer & Good, 1996 – thin-skinned thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus kobosensis V. FitzSimons, 1938 Pachydactylus kochii Pachydactylus labialis V. FitzSimons, 1938 – Calvinia thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus latirostris Hewitt, 1923 – quartz gecko Pachydactylus macrolepis FitzSimons, 1939 – large-scaled banded gecko Pachydactylus maculatus Gray, 1845 – spotted thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus maraisi Heinicke, Bauer & Jackman, 2011 Pachydactylus mariquensis A. Smith, 1849 – Marico thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus mclachlani Bauer, Lamb & Branch, 2006 Pachydactylus monicae Bauer, Lamb & Branch, 2006 Pachydactylus montanus Methuen & Hewitt, 1914 Pachydactylus namaquensis – Namaqua thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus oculatus Hewitt, 1927 – golden spotted thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus oreophilus McLachlan & Spence, 1967 – Kaokoveld thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus oshaughnessyi Boulenger, 1885 Pachydactylus otaviensis Bauer, Lamb & Branch, 2006 Pachydactylus parascutatus Bauer, Lamb & Branch, 2002 Pachydactylus punctatus W. Peters, 1854 – speckled thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus purcelli Boulenger, 1910 Pachydactylus rangei – Namib sand gecko Pachydactylus reconditus Bauer, Lamb & Branch, 2006 Pachydactylus robertsi V. FitzSimons, 1938 Pachydactylus rugosus A. Smith, 1849 – rough thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus sansteynae Steyn & Mitchell, 1967 – San Steyn's thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus scherzi Mertens, 1954 – Sherz's thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus scutatus Hewitt, 1927 – large-scaled thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus serval F. Werner, 1910 – western spotted thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus tigrinus Van Dam, 1921 – tiger thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus tsodiloensis Haacke, 1966 – Tsodilo thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus vansoni V. FitzSimons, 1933 – Van Son's thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus vanzyli Pachydactylus visseri Bauer, Lamb & Branch, 2006 Pachydactylus wahlbergii W. Peters, 1869 Pachydactylus waterbergensis Bauer, Lamb & Branch, 2003 Pachydactylus weberi Roux, 1907 – Weber's thick-toed gecko Pachydactylus werneri Hewitt, 1935Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was described in a genus other than Pachydactylus.

Bauer AM, Lamb T, Branch WR. "A Revision of the Pachydactylus serval and P. weberi Groups of Southern Africa, with the Description of Eight New Species". Proc. California Acad. Sci. 57: 595-709. Boulenger GA. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum. Second Edition. Volume I. Geckonidæ... London: Trustees of the British Museum.. Xii + 436 pp. + Plates I-XXXi.. Branch, Bill. Field Guide to Snakes and other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Third Revised edition, Second impression. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 399 pp. ISBN 0-88359-042-5.. Wiegmann AFA. Herpetologia Mexicana, seu descriptio amphibiorum Novae Hispaniae, quae itineribus comitis Sack, Ferdinandi Deppe et Chr. Guil. Schiede in Museum Zoologicum Berolinense pervenerunt. Pars prima, saurorum species amplectens. Adiecto systematis additisque multis in hunc amphibiorum ordinem observationibus. Berlin: C. G. Lüderitz. Vi + 54 pp. + Plates I-X... Pachydactylus at the Reptile Database

Elections in the Cayman Islands

Elections in the Cayman Islands gives information on election and election results in the Cayman Islands. An election is a process, it is the mechanism by which a democracy fills elective offices in the legislature, sometimes the executive and judiciary, in which electorates choose local government officials. The Cayman Islands elect on territorial level a legislature; the Legislative Assembly has 20 members, 18 elected members for a four-year term in 18 single member constituencies elected by first past the post and 2 members ex officio. In the 2000 elections, with a turnout of 80% only non-partisans were elected. After the election members of parliament formed the United Democratic Party; the Cayman Islands had a no-party system, but it evolved into a two-party system, the opposition United Democratic Party and the current ruling People's Progressive Movement party. Electoral calendar Electoral system Government election website