California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a
George Allen "Pat" Summerall was an American football player and television sportscaster, having worked at CBS, ESPN. In addition to football, he announced major golf and tennis events. In total, he announced 16 Super Bowls on network television, 26 Masters Tournaments, 21 US Opens, he contributed to 10 Super Bowl broadcasts on CBS Radio as a pregame host or analyst. Summerall played football for the Arkansas Razorbacks and in the National Football League from 1952 through 1961, he was played with Bobby Layne. The best playing time in his career was with the New York Giants as a kicker. After retiring as a player, he joined CBS as a color commentator the next year, he worked with Tom Brookshier and John Madden on NFL telecasts for CBS and Fox. Although retired since 2002, he continued to announce games on occasion those near his Texas home, he was named the National Sportscaster of the Year by the National Sportscasters and Sportswriters Association in 1977, inducted into their Hall of Fame in 1994.
That year, he received the Pete Rozelle Radio-Television Award from the Pro Football Hall of Fame. He was inducted into the American Sportscasters Association Hall of Fame in 1999; the "Pat Summerall Award" has been presented since 2006 during Super Bowl weekend at the NFL's headquarters hotel "to a deserving recipient who through their career has demonstrated the character and leadership both on and off the job that the name Pat Summerall represents." At Columbia High School, Lake City, Summerall played football, tennis and basketball. Although basketball was his favorite sport, he was recognized as an All-State selection in basketball and football, he was inducted into the FHSAA Hall of Fame and was named to the FHSAA's All-Century Team. Summerall played college football from 1949 to 1951 at the University of Arkansas, where he played defensive end, tight end, placekicker positions for the Arkansas Razorbacks, he graduated in 1953 majoring according to CBS News. Summerall spent ten years as a professional football player in the National Football League as a placekicker.
The Detroit Lions drafted Summerall as a fourth-round draft choice in the 1952 NFL Draft. Summerall played the pre-season with the Lions before breaking his arm, which ended the year for him. After that season, he was traded and went on to play for the Chicago Cardinals from 1953 to 1957 and the New York Giants from 1958 to 1961, during which he was a part of The Greatest Game Ever Played, his best professional year statistically was 1959, when Summerall scored 90 points on 30-for-30 extra-point kicking and 20-for-29 field goal kicking. Summerall's most memorable professional moment may well have been at the end of the December 14, 1958 regular season finale between his Giants and the Cleveland Browns at Yankee Stadium. Going into the game, the Browns were in first place in the Eastern Conference, holding a one-game lead over the second-place Giants. In that era, there was no overtime during regular season games, standings ties were broken by a playoff, there were no wild-card teams; this meant that only the Eastern Conference champion would qualify for the NFL Championship Game to be held two weeks and it meant that the Giants had to win just to force a tiebreaker playoff game.
The Browns, on the other hand, needed only a tie to clinch the Eastern championship. As time was running out, the Giants and Browns were tied, 10–10, a situation that, as indicated, favored the Browns; the Giants got into Cleveland territory sent out Summerall to try for a tiebreaking 49-yard field goal. To add to the drama, there were swirling winds and snow. Summerall, a straight-ahead kicker, made the field goal with just two minutes to play, keeping the Giants alive for another week; the Giants' offensive coach, Vince Lombardi, was against sending Summerall in gleefully greeted Summerall as he came off the field, "You son of a bitch, you can’t kick it that far!" Sports Illustrated ran the story as one of its primary articles the next week, with a leading photograph showing the football heading between the uprights through the snow. His last professional game was the December 31, 1961 NFL Championship Game held at Lambeau Field in Green Bay, Wisconsin. Lombardi's Green Bay Packers defeated Summerall's Giants, 37–0, holding New York to just six first downs.
Summerall was not a factor in that game. The urban legend was his nickname became "Pat" because of the abbreviation for "point after touchdown" that a field-goal kicker was credited for in a game summary, but in a 1997 Dallas Morning News story, Summerall said after his parents divorced, he was taken in by an aunt and uncle who had a son named Mike. "My aunt and uncle just started calling me Pat to go with their Mike", Summerall would say, referencing named characters in Irish jokes told during that time. In the early 1960s, Summerall was the morning host on WCBS radio in New York City, he left the job when WINS went all-news in 1965. He co-hosted the syndicated NFL Films series This Week in Pro Football in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Summerall was associated with a production company in Dallas from about 1998 through 2005, called Pat Summerall Productions, he was featured in and hosted various production shows, such as Summerall Success Stories and Champions of Industry. These qualified production segments would air on the Fox News Channel and la
Erin Jill Andrews is an American sportscaster and television personality. She hosts Dancing with the Stars for ABC and is a sideline reporter for Fox NFL. Andrews was a co-host of College GameDay on ESPN and a contributor for Good Morning America on the ABC network, she has an on-air presence at many major sporting events, including the Super Bowl and the World Series. Andrews was born in Lewiston, Maine, to Paula Andrews, a teacher, Steven Andrews, a TV journalist, her family moved to San Antonio, Texas when she was 5 years old, to Valrico, Florida, 18 months when her father, a six-time Emmy Award–winner, began working as an investigative reporter for NBC affiliate WFLA-TV. Andrews describes herself as a tomboy as a youth, living a life that always revolved around sports, watching NBA games with her father growing up Boston Celtics games. Andrews cited Hannah Storm, Melissa Stark, Lesley Visser, Suzy Kolber as female sportscasters she looked up to who inspired her to become a sportscaster herself.
Andrews attended Bloomingdale High School in Valrico, where she was a member of the dance team, student government, the National Honor Society. While growing up, she attended Brandon School of Dance Arts in Seffner, Florida. In high school, Andrews claimed that, as a tomboy, she did not have a lot of female friends, opting to hang out with the boys, finding it more enjoyable to discuss sports with them. Following graduation from high school in 1996, Andrews attended the University of Florida, graduating in 2000 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Telecommunications. While in college, she was a member of the Zeta Tau Alpha sorority, the Florida Gators Dazzlers dance team from 1997 to 2000. In 2000, Andrews was employed by Fox Sports Florida as a freelance reporter. From 2001 to 2002, she served as a Tampa Bay Lightning reporter for the Sunshine Network. From 2002 to 2004, Andrews covered the Atlanta Braves, Atlanta Thrashers, Atlanta Hawks for the Turner South network as a studio host and reporter.
Andrews began working for ESPN in April 2004 as a reporter for ESPN National Hockey Night. She has reported for the College World Series, Little League World Series, Great Outdoor Games. Andrews began serving as a sideline reporter for ESPN College Football Saturday Primetime and Big Ten college basketball games, in 2005, her job expanded to include ESPN College Football Thursday Primetime and Major League Baseball sideline reporting. From 2008 to 2010, she reported for ESPN’s and ABC’s live coverage of the Scripps National Spelling Bee. Andrews has been a guest on several talk shows, including The Oprah Winfrey Show, Jimmy Kimmel Live!, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. In 2010, Andrews appeared on the tenth season of ABC's Dancing with the Stars, partnered with Maksim Chmerkovskiy, they placed third out of 11 couples. On January 13, 2011, it was announced that Andrews signed an endorsement deal with Reebok to promote its ZigTech brand. Two weeks prior, as a sideline reporter during the 2011 Rose Bowl, Andrews noted that Texas Christian University Horned Frogs football players were slipping on the turf because of the new Nike shoes they were wearing.
Due to the conflict of interest, ESPN announced revised endorsement guidelines for its journalists that required Andrews to end her endorsement deal with Reebok by the end of 2011. In November 2011, former ESPN executive Keith Clinkscales filed suit against an erstwhile colleague named Joan Lynch, claiming that Lynch had falsely alleged that Clinkscales had masturbated while sitting next to Andrews on an airplane flight earlier that year. Andrews was reported to have disclosed the incident to a number of people, but chose not to pursue the matter with ESPN's HR department because she was still shaken by public disclosure of her stalking experiences. Andrews hosted the first hour of ESPN's College GameDay on ESPNU, had been a Good Morning America correspondent on ABC since 2010, though she had not appeared on the show since covering the Oscars in February 2011. On June 29, 2012, it was announced, she was the first host of Fox College Football's studio show with Eddie George and Joey Harrington joining her as analysts.
Andrews is a contributor on Fox NFL Sunday and serves as a field reporter for most major sporting events aired on Fox, such as the MLB All-Star Game, the World Series, the NFL Playoffs, Daytona 500. With the launch of Fox Sports 1 on August 17, 2013, Andrews became the guest host of Fox College Football Kickoff and Fox College Saturday, a direct competitor to ESPN College Gameday, which previews the weekend's biggest college football games. Andrews would contribute to daily studio show Fox Football Daily. On February 23, 2014, it was announced that Andrews would replace Brooke Burke-Charvet as the co-host of Dancing with the Stars beginning with its 18th season in March 2014. On July 14, 2014, it was announced that Andrews would be replacing Pam Oliver as the sideline reporter on Fox's lead NFL broadcasting crew. In 2015 - 2016, she co-hosted the CMT Music Awards with J. J. Brittany Snow. Andrews became a spokesperson for the Kraft Foods Huddle to Fight Hunger campaign in 2010, which aimed to raise US$2.86 million for Feeding America.
In October 2011, Erin Andrews teamed up with StubHub, the world’s largest online ticket marketplace, to launch a new national campaign called Girls Night Out. This campaign encourages women to celebrate and take pride in their love for sports with the opportunity of winning tickets to attend a game of their choice with their friends. A portion of the ticket sales from specific events will be donated to the Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors. In a quote given by Andrews to Entertainment Business Weekly, she desc
In sports broadcasting, a sports commentator gives a running commentary of a game or event in real time during a live broadcast, traditionally delivered in the historical present tense. Radio was the first medium for sports broadcasts, radio commentators must describe all aspects of the action to listeners who cannot see it for themselves. In the case of televised sports coverage, commentators are presented as a voiceover, with images of the contest shown on viewers' screens and sounds of the action and spectators heard in the background. Television commentators are shown on screen during an event, though some networks choose to feature their announcers on camera either before or after the contest or during breaks in the action; the main commentator called the play-by-play announcer or commentator in North America, blow-by-blow in combat sports coverage or lap-by-lap for motorsports coverage, is the primary speaker on the broadcast. Broadcasters in this role are valued for their articulateness and for their ability to describe each play or event of an fast-moving sporting event.
The ideal play-by-play voice has a vocal timbre, tolerable to hear over the multiple hours of a sports broadcast and yet dynamic enough to convey and enhance the importance of the in-game activity. Because of their skills, some commentators like Al Michaels in the U. S. David Coleman in the UK and Bruce McAvaney in Australia, may have careers in which they call several different sports at one time or another. Other main commentators may, only call one sport; the vast majority of play-by-play announcers are male. Radio and television play-by-play techniques involve different approaches, it is unusual to have radio and television broadcasts share the same play-by-play commentator for the same event, except in cases of low production budgets or when a broadcaster is renowned. The analyst or color commentator provides expert analysis and background information, such as statistics, strategy on the teams and athletes, anecdotes or light humor, they are former athletes or coaches in their respective sports, although there are some exceptions.
The term "color" refers to insight provided by analyst. The most common format for a sports broadcast is to have an analyst/color commentator work alongside the main/play-by-play announcer. An example is NBC Sunday Night Football in the United States, called by color commentator Cris Collinsworth, a former American football receiver, play-by-play commentator Al Michaels, a professional announcer. In the United Kingdom, there is a much less distinct division between play-by-play and color commentary, although two-man commentary teams feature an enthusiast with formal journalistic training but little or no competitive experience leading the commentary, an expert former competitor following up with analysis or summary. There are however exceptions to this — most of the United Kingdom's leading cricket and snooker commentators are former professionals in their sports, while the former Formula One racing commentator Murray Walker had no formal journalistic training and only limited racing experience of his own.
In the United States, George "Pat" Summerall, a former professional kicker, spent most of his broadcasting career as a play-by-play announcer. Although the combination of a play-by-play announcer and a color commentator is standard as of 2014, in the past it was much more common for a broadcast to have no analysts and just have a single play-by-play announcer to work alone. Vin Scully, longtime announcer for the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team, was one of the few examples of this practice lasting into the 21st century until he retired in 2016. A sideline reporter assists a sports broadcasting crew with sideline coverage of the playing field or court; the sideline reporter makes live updates on injuries and breaking news or conducts player interviews while players are on the field or court because the play-by-play broadcaster and color commentator must remain in their broadcast booth. Sideline reporters are granted inside information about an important update, such as injury, because they have the credentials necessary to do so.
In cases of big events, teams consisting of many sideline reporters are placed strategically so that the main commentator has many sources to turn to. In motorsports, it is typical for there to be multiple pit reporters, covering the event from along pit road, their responsibilities will include covering breaking news trackside, interviewing crew chiefs and other team leaders about strategy, commentating on pit stops from along the pit wall. In British sports broadcasting, the presenter of a sports broadcast is distinct from the commentator, based in a remote broadcast television studio away from the sports venue. In North America, the on-air personality based in the studio is called the studio host. During their shows, the presenter/studio host may be joined by additional analysts or pundits when showing highlights of various other matches. Various sports may have different commentator
Ebony is a monthly magazine for the African-American market. It was founded by John H. Johnson in Chicago and has published continuously since the autumn of 1945. A digest-sized sister magazine, was founded by the Johnson Publishing Company in 1951. After 71 years, in June 2016, Johnson sold the publications to private equity firm Clear View Group; the new publisher is known as Ebony Media Corporation. Ebony was founded by John H. Johnson in 1945; the magazine has evolved over the years. In 2010 it began a redesign process to update its longtime brand. In the past, the magazine was persistently much like its postwar contemporary Life. Ebony, edited by John H. Johnson, has striven always to address African-American issues and interests in a positive and self-affirming manner, its cover photography has focused on prominent African American public figures, including actors and entertainers, politicians, such as Dorothy Dandridge, Lena Horne, Diana Ross, Michael Jackson, former U. S. Senator Carol Moseley Braun of Illinois, U.
S. First lady Michelle Obama, Beyoncé Knowles, Tyrese Gibson, Tyler Perry. For decades, advertisers created ads for Ebony, which featured black models using their products. In the 21st century, many ads in widespread publications feature black people. In November 2010, the magazine featured a special 65th-anniversary edition cover featuring Taraji P. Henson, Samuel L. Jackson and Mary J. Blige. A second cover showcased Nia Long atop a birthday cake – Marilyn Monroe-style; the issue included eight cover recreations from iconic previous covers of Ebony. Blair Underwood posed inside, as did Jurnee Smollett. Mary J. Blige used her 1940s-style image from Ebony to update her Twitter profile picture. National Public Radio marked this anniversary edition as the beginning of redesign of Ebony. Former White House Social Secretary Desiree Rogers, of the Obama administration, had become the CEO of the magazine. In August 2008 the magazine had published a special eight-cover edition featuring the "25 Coolest Brothers of All Time".
The lineup featured Jay-Z, Barack Obama, Samuel L. Jackson, Denzel Washington, Marvin Gaye, Muhammad Ali and Billy Dee Williams. In the 21st century, Ebony makes headlines in the blogosphere and in the mainstream press; the November 2011 cover featured a pregnant Nia Long, reminiscent of the iconic image of actress Demi Moore featured naked while pregnant on a magazine cover two decades before. Some of Ebony′s more conservative readers disagreed with the cover choice, stating it inappropriate to feature an unwed, pregnant woman on the cover; the cover was featured in US Weekly and in a five-minute segment on CNN. Recent issues questioned whether President Obama was still right for black America and whether biracial Americans need more acknowledgement in today's society. In December 2008, Google announced. In 2010, the Johnson Publishing Company sold its historic building to Columbia College Chicago, it moved into a new building in 2011. In 2016, the company sold Ebony and Jet to private equity firm Clear View Group, but will retain its Fashion Fair Cosmetics business and its historic Ebony photo archives, which remains up for sale.
Ebony each year selects the "100 Most Influential Blacks in America". Essence Jet Official website Back issues on Google Book Search Langston Hughes, "Publishing history of Ebony", November 1965 "John H. Johnson's oral history- video excerpts", The National Visionary Leadership Project Cheryl Corley, "Ebony, Jet Parent Takes A Bold New Tack", NPR, September 22, 2011 Nsenga Burton, "Ebony Jet Sells Headquarters Building", The Root, November 17, 2010. FBI file on Ebony
FedExField Jack Kent Cooke Stadium, is an American football stadium located near the Capital Beltway in Prince George's County, Maryland, U. S. five miles east of Washington, D. C. near the site of the old Capital Centre arena. The stadium is the home of the Washington Redskins of the National Football League. From 2004 until 2010, it had the largest seating capacity in the NFL at over 91,000; the capacity is 82,000. FedEx Field has a Landover postal address. FedExField was built as a replacement for the Redskins' prior venue, Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium in Washington, D. C. In 1994 Jack Kent Cooke sought to build a new stadium on the grounds adjacent to Laurel Park Racecourse along Whiskey Bottom and Brock Bridge roads. Lack of parking facilities and support prompted a second site selection; the stadium opened in 1997 as Jack Kent Cooke Stadium, in honor of the deceased owner of the team, the stadium site was known as Raljon from the first names of Cooke's sons – "Ralph" and "John". Notably, Cooke was able to register Raljon with the United States Postal Service as a legal alternate address for the 20785 zip code of Landover, where the stadium is located, went to some lengths to require media to use Raljon in datelines from the stadium.
This ended when Daniel Snyder bought the Redskins from the Cooke estate, the Redskins now give the stadium's address as Landover. A special exit, Exit 16, was built from the Capital Beltway. After Snyder's purchase, the stadium's naming rights were sold to FedEx in November 1999 for an average of $7.6 million per year. The waiting list for Redskins season tickets was over 160,000 names long. However, according to The Washington Post, Redskins ticket office employees improperly sold tickets directly to ticket brokers for several years before the practice was discovered in 2009. Although the Redskins have never sold out the entire stadium, the team has not had a game blacked out on local television since 1972 because it does not count "premium club level seating" when calculating sellouts. From 2004 to 2010 Redskins fans set. In 2005 the team drew a record 716,998 fans overall; the December 30, 2007, 27–6 win against the Dallas Cowboys was the most watched game in Redskins history, with 90,910 fans in the stands to see Washington clinch a playoff spot.
On January 8, 2000, the Washington Redskins defeated the Detroit Lions 27–13 in the first NFL playoff game at FedExField. On December 29, 2002, the Redskins defeated the rival Dallas Cowboys, 20–14; this game was Darrell Green's final game. He played 20 seasons with the Redskins; the game broke a 10-game losing streak to the Cowboys. The stadium has five levels – the Lower Level, the Club Level, the Lower and Upper Suite Levels, the Upper Level; the Lower and Upper Levels are all named after important figures of the Redskins, NFL, Washington, D. C. area. The Lower Level is named "George Preston Marshall Lower Level", The Club is named "Joe Gibbs Club Level, The Upper Level is called "Pete Rozelle Upper Level." The Suite Levels have 243 suite and Owner's Club luxury boxes and 15,044 club seats. After Daniel Snyder purchased the Redskins, five rows of "Dream Seats" were installed in front of what had been the first row of the lower level, extending down to the level of the field. Seats in the previous first row of the lower level were not tall enough to see over the players on the sidelines.
FedExField hosts the annual Prince George's Classic college football game, a game between two black universities. It has hosted several other college football games as well, including the 1998 game between the University of Notre Dame and the United States Naval Academy; the 2004 Black Coaches Association Classic between the University of Southern California Trojans and the Virginia Tech Hokies, the 112th Army–Navy Game. FedExField is not well known as a soccer venue, as D. C. United of Major League Soccer elected to remain at RFK Stadium after the new stadium's opening, they began playing at Audi Field within the city in 2018. FedExField has been used for some international soccer matches — both for the United States and for El Salvador. On March 28, 2015, Argentina defeated El Salvador at FedExField before a crowd of 53,978. On June 7, 2014, the stadium hosted a doubleheader. Spain, the 2010 World Cup winner, defeated El Salvador 2–0 in a warm-up match in front of a crowd of 53,267 before the 2014 World Cup.
C. United played Columbus Crew to a scoreless draw in D. C. United's first time hosting an MLS regular season game at FedExField, it hosted one quarterfinal doubleheader in the 1999 Women's World Cup. On July 1, 1999, the United States women's national soccer team defeated the German women's national team 3–2 in the FIFA Women's World Cup 1999 quarterfinals. FedExField has hosted a number of club soccer exhibition matches. During the July 2005 World Series of Football, D. C. United hosted Chelsea F. C. there. C. United's third-highest home attendance. On August 9, 2009, D. C. United hosted another international friendly against Real Madrid at FedExField. On July 30, 2011, Manchester United ended its 2011 summer tour with a 2–1 win over F. C. Barcelona at FedExField in front of 81,807 fans; this represented the largest soccer crowd in D. C.-area history. FedExField was used on July 29, 2014, in the International Champions Cup as Manchester United played Inter
NCAA March Madness (TV program)
NCAA March Madness is the branding used for coverage of the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament, jointly produced by CBS Sports, the sports division of the CBS television network, Turner Sports, the national sports division of WarnerMedia in the United States. Through the agreement between CBS and WarnerMedia, which began with the 2011 tournament, games are televised on CBS, TNT, TBS and truTV. CBS Sports Network has re-aired games from all networks. CBS continued to provide coverage during most rounds, with the three WarnerMedia channels covering much of the early rounds up to the Sweet Sixteen. Starting in 2016, the regional finals, Final Four and national championship game began to alternate between CBS and TBS. TBS holds the rights to the final two rounds in numbered years, with CBS getting the games in odd numbered years; this joint tournament coverage should be distinguished from CBS's regular-season coverage, which it produces independently through its sports division. None of WarnerMedia's outlets cover regular-season college basketball games.
Games broadcast on all four networks use a variation of the longtime CBS College Basketball theme music. On April 22, 2010, the National Collegiate Athletic Association reached a 14-year agreement, worth US$10.8 billion, with CBS and the Turner Broadcasting System to receive joint broadcast rights to the Division I men's college basketball tournament. This came after speculation; the NCAA took advantage of an opt-out clause in its 1999 deal with CBS to announce its intention to sign a new contract with CBS and Turner Sports, a division of Time Warner. The new contract came amid serious consideration by the NCAA of expanding the tournament to 68 teams; the agreement, which runs through 2032, stipulates. All First Four games air on truTV. During the first and second rounds, a featured game in each time "window" is broadcast terrestrially on CBS, while all other games are shown on TBS, TNT or TruTV. Sweet 16 and Elite 8 games are split among CBS and TBS. In 2014 and 2015, Turner channels had exclusive rights to the Final Four, CBS broadcast the championship game.
Since 2016, rights to the Final Four and championship game alternate between Turner and CBS. The same number of "windows" are provided to CBS as before, although unlike with the previous schedule where all games in a window started within 10 minutes of each other, resulting in the possibility of multiple close games ending at once, the start times of games are staggered, with action lasting in the night and fewer simultaneous games than in the previous format; as a result of the new deal, Mega March Madness, a pay-per-view out-of-market sports package covering games in the tournament, was discontinued. March Madness On Demand remained unchanged, with Turner Interactive taking over management of both that service and NCAA.com at the start of 2011. The contract was expected to be signed after a review by the NCAA Board of Directors. In 2012, the service was changed. All other games are available to authenticated subscribers to the channels on participating television providers; the 2018 tournament, with TBS televising the national semifinals and final, is the first in which those particular games are subject to authentication restrictions.
The CBS-WarnerMedia coverage formally begins with The Selection Show—in which the teams participating in the tournament are announced, which follows CBS's coverage of the final game on Selection Sunday. During the tournament itself, truTV broadcasts pre-game coverage, Infiniti NCAA Tip-Off, while TBS and TruTV air the post-game show Inside March Madness. CBS produces coverage of the Reese's College All-Star Game, the Division II championship game, which are both aired as part of the March Madness package. In 2016, CBS extended the selection show to a two-hour format. In 2017, the selection show was shortened to a 90-minute format. Beginning with 2018, the selection show will return to a two-hour format, but the special aired on TBS instead, marking the first time since 1982 that the official bracket unveiling has not aired on CBS; the Selection Show will now alternate between TBS and CBS with TBS airing the Selection Show in numbered years, with CBS airing the Selection Show in odd numbered years.
On April 16, 2016, the contract was extended to 2032 in an $8.8 billion deal. The current broadcasting arrangements, including alternating broadcasts of the semi-finals and final, will remain in force. WarnerMedia began the process of dissolving the Turner Broadcasting System in March 2019; the corporate reorganization will not outwardly affect coverage of NCAA March Madness, which remains on the same networks. Additionally, for 2014, truTV and TNT aired special "Teamcast" coverage of the Final Four alongside TBS's conventional coverage, which featured commentators and other guests representing the schools in each game. While the consortium planned to tap local radio announcers from each team for the teamcasts, the majority refused due to commitments in calling t