Glens Falls, New York
Glens Falls is a city in Warren County, New York, United States and is the central city of the Glens Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 14,700 at the 2010 census; the name was given by Colonel Johannes Glen, the falls referring to a large waterfall in the Hudson River at the southern end of the city. Glens Falls is a city in the southeast corner of Warren County, surrounded by the town of Queensbury to the north and west, by the Hudson River and Saratoga County to the south. Glens Falls is known as "Hometown U. S. A.", a title Look Magazine gave it in 1944. The city has referred to itself as the "Empire City." As a halfway point between Fort Edward and Fort William Henry, the falls was the site of several battles during the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War. The then-hamlet was destroyed by fire twice during the latter conflict, forcing the Quakers to abandon the settlement until the war ended in 1783. Fire ravaged the village in 1864, 1884, 1902; the area was called Chepontuc referred to as the "Great Carrying Place," but was renamed "The Corners" by European-American settlers.
In 1766 it was renamed Wing's Falls for Abraham Wing – the leader of the group of Quakers who established the permanent settlement – and for the falls on the Hudson River. Wing's claim to the name of the falls and the hamlet was transferred to Colonel Johannes Glen of Schenectady in 1788, either on collection of a debt, as a result of a game of cards, or in exchange for hosting a party for mutual friends, depending on which local legend is believed. Colonel Glen changed the name to "Glen's Falls," though it was printed with varying spelling such as "Glenn's," or "Glens"; the spelling "Glens Falls" came to be the common usage. A post office was established in 1808. Glens Falls became an incorporated village in 1839, was re-incorporated in 1874 and 1887, expanding the village to what would become the city limits when the state legislature granted the city charter in 1908, at which time the city became independent from the town of Queensbury. In 2003, with permission from Queensbury, Glens Falls annexed 49 acres of the town.
The land, known as Veterans Field or the Northway Industrial Park, is on Veterans Road between Luzerne Road and Sherman Avenue and is just east of I-87. The land was vacant at the time. A thin, 0.5 miles strip of Sherman Avenue was part of this annexation, to comply with state law on contiguity of annexed land. As a result, the city and town share co-own this stretch of highway. Glens Falls has two historic districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places and the equivalent New York State Register of Historic places; the Fredella Avenue historic district includes a series of unique concrete block structures. The Three Squares Historic District makes up most of the Central Business District. In addition, several individual structures are listed, some below. Glens Falls does not have a local preservation law protecting these historic resources from demolition or alteration. Crandall Public Library – While the library has existed since 1893, it did not have a permanent home until 1931, with the completion of the library building in City Park, on property local entrepreneur Henry Crandall willed to the library.
Charles A. Platt designed Robert Rheinlander built it; the city completed the building's first renovation and expansion, involving the demolition of the 1969 addition, in November 2008. The library is a part of the Southern Adirondack Library System. Civil War Monument – A limestone obelisk at the intersection of Glen and Bay streets, the monument was dedicated in 1872 to honor the 644 men from Queensbury who served in the Civil War. Ninety-five names, those of the men who died, are engraved on the monument. Many battles of the war are listed. DeLong House – Presently the home of the Glens Falls/Queensbury Historical Association and the Chapman Historical Museum. A Greek Revival and Second Empire edifice on the corner of Bacon Streets. A Queen Anne style carriage barn is part of the property; the Feeder Canal– Across from this historic canal is a hydro-electric power-plant on the Hudson River at Glens Falls. The canal was created around 1820 to feed water into the Champlain Canal. During the early 19th century, the New York State Canal System was crucial to the development of the state's economy.
Lime, marble and agricultural commodities were shipped from Glens Falls from the docks at the base of Canal Street. First Presbyterian Church - The congregation was chartered in 1803, it was designed by Ralph Adams Cram in his "presbyterian style" of neo-gothic architecture. Fort Amherst Road – Located near this road is the site of the former Fort Amherst. While the fort no longer exists, parts of the wood foundations were known as late as 1880; the fort constituted a block house marking the halfway point on the road between Fort Edward and Fort William Henry at the head of Lake George. This fort system, erected by the British, was built to secure the colony's northern territories from French incursions during the French and Indian War. A restored fort house complex is available for viewing in the nearby town of Fort Ann. Louis Fiske Hyde House – The center among a triplet of revival-type residences constructed for the daughters of Samuel Pruyn by the architects Robert Rheinlander and Henry Forbes Bigelow, Hyde House houses The Hyde Collection, a world-class museum of European and contemporary art.
The principal collection is presented in its original domestic context as a private collection. The Oldest Building in Glens Falls – In 1864 a massive fire destroyed most of buildings in
Northeastern United States
The Northeastern United States referred to as the Northeast, is a geographical region of the United States bordered to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Southern United States, to the west by the Midwestern United States. The Northeast is one of the four regions defined by the United States Census Bureau for the collection and analysis of statistics; the Census Bureau-defined region has a total area of 181,324 sq mi with 162,257 sq mi of that being land mass. Although it lacks a unified cultural identity, the Northeastern region is the nation's most economically developed, densely populated, culturally diverse region. Of the nation's four census regions, the Northeast is the second most urban, with 85 percent of its population residing in urban areas, led by the West with 90 percent. Geographically there has always been some debate as to where the Northeastern United States begins and ends; the vast area from central Virginia to northern Maine, from western Pennsylvania to the Atlantic Ocean, have all been loosely grouped into the Northeast at one time or another.
Much of the debate has been what the cultural and urban aspects of the Northeast are, where they begin or end as one reaches the borders of the region. Using the Census Bureaus definition of the northeast, the region includes nine states: they are Maine, New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania; the region is subdivided into New England and the Mid-Atlantic states. This definition has been unchanged since 1880 and is used as a standard for data tabulation. However, the Census Bureau has acknowledged the obvious limitations of this definition and the potential merits of a proposal created after the 1950 census that would include changing regional boundaries to include Delaware and the District of Columbia, with the Mid-Atlantic states, but decided that "the new system did not win enough overall acceptance among data users to warrant adoption as an official new set of general-purpose State groupings; the previous development of many series of statistics and issued over long periods of time on the basis of the existing State groupings, favored the retention of the summary units of the current regions and divisions."
The Census Bureau confirmed in 1994 that it would continue to "review the components of the regions and divisions to ensure that they continue to represent the most useful combinations of States and State equivalents."Many organizations and reference works follow the Census Bureau's definition for the region. The Association of American Geographers divides the Northeast into two divisions: "New England", which consists of Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut; the Geological Society of America defines the Northeast as these same states but with the addition of Maryland and the District of Columbia. The narrowest definitions include only the states of New England. Other more restrictive definitions include New England and New York as part of the Northeast United States, but exclude Pennsylvania and New Jersey. States beyond the Census Bureau definition are included in Northeast Region by various other entities: Various organizations include: Delaware and District of Columbia; the US EPA and NOAA include in their Northeast Region: Delaware and West Virginia.
The National Fish and Wildlife Service includes in their Northeast Region: Delaware, District of Columbia, West Virginia, Virginia. The National Park Service includes in their Northeast Region: Delaware, West Virginia, Virginia. Anthropologists recognize the "Northeastern Woodlands" as one of the cultural regions that existed in the Western Hemisphere at the time of European colonists in the 15th and centuries. Most did not settle in North America until the 17th century; the cultural area, known as the "Northeastern Woodlands", in addition to covering the entire Northeast U. S. covered much of what is now Canada and others regions of what is now the eastern United States. Among the many tribes that inhabited this area were those that made up the Iroquois nations and the numerous Algonquian peoples. In the United States of the 21st century, 18 federally recognized tribes reside in the Northeast. For the most part, the people of the Northeastern Woodlands, on whose lands European fishermen began camping to dry their codfish in the early 1600s, lived in villages after being influenced by the agricultural traditions of the Ohio and Mississippi valley societies.
All of the states making up the Northeastern region were among the original Thirteen Colonies, though Maine and Delaware were part of other colonies before the United States became independent in the American Revolution. The two cultural and geographic regions that form parts of the Northeastern region have distinct histories; the first Europeans to settle New England were Pilgrims from England, who landed in present-day Massachusetts in 1620. The Pilgrims arrived by the Mayflower ship and founded Plymouth Colony so they could practice religion freely. Ten years a larger group of Puritans settled north of Plymouth Colony in Boston to form Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1636, colonists established Providence Plantations. Providence was founded by Roger Williams, banished
WFFG-FM, known as "Froggy 100.3", is a country music radio station in the United States, licensed to Warrensburg, New York, owned by Pamal Broadcasting. The station broadcasts 24 hours a day on 100.3 MHz with 1,450 watts effective radiated power from a transmitter located near Black Spruce mountain in the town of Warrensburg, Warren County, New York. And serves the Adirondack Region and the Capital District of New York. WFFG-FM's signal can be heard as far south as southern Albany and Rensselaer counties, as far north as Schroon Lake and Elizabethtown. WFFG-FM signed on November 1, 1990 on 100.5 MHz with 6 kilowatts ERP as adult contemporary KB-100 with the WKBE call letters. Locally owned by Karamatt Broadcasting, LLC, KB-100 aired local programming with some off-peak timeslots carrying syndicated programs and aired local programs such as high school sporting events; these events, were soon taken by WCKM-FM when that station signed on. In 1994, Karamatt filed an application to upgrade for a 6 kilowatt Class A station to a 25 kilowatt Class B1 station as a response to the then-new application of the powered WNYQ with the station moving down to 100.3 MHz in the process.
The move took place in summer 1995. With WKLI's adult contemporary format on the decline, Bendat saw an opportunity, both WKLI and WKBE flipped to CHR K-100 with the closing of the purchase of WKBE. Though the initial year of WKBE's new format did well in the ratings, outlasting upstart WHTR, the station soon began to enter a period of decline, in February 1999, Bendat sold his stations to Tele-Media, Inc. After a three-month stunting period, the stations relaunched as modern adult contemporary The Point that May. After two years of struggling against a relaunched WNYQ in Glens Falls as well as WFLY and WRVE in Albany, Tele-Media sold WCPT and WKBE in August 2001 to Pamal Broadcasting with the sale closing that October. While WCPT took a new format, WKBE instead retained the Point format, though now programming was based out of Glens Falls; this format has evolved over the last decade from the modern adult contemporary approach in place at the outset to a variation more similar to CHR and to a modern rock-leaning format.
From November 22, 2006 to December 25, 2006, the station stunted with a temporary Christmas music format, after the month-long stint of Christmas music, WKBE began its lean towards a modern rock-oriented format on December 26, by introducing a new logo and slogan. After the relaunch in 2006, the station's playlist included modern and active rock artists, such as Alanis Morissette, Evanescence, No Doubt, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Green Day, as well as pop rock acts such as Kelly Clarkson, Christina Perri, Neon Trees, Avril Lavigne. In the late 2000s, soul music artists such as Adele, KT Tunstall began to be added to the playlist. By 2012, Arbitron and Nielsen BDS reported the station under the hot adult contemporary format. On December 27, 2013, WKBE and sister station WFFG-FM swapped formats and call letters. Froggy 100.3's website Query the FCC's FM station database for WFFG Radio-Locator information on WFFG Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WFFG
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words, in which parts of multiple words or their phones are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel. In linguistics, a portmanteau is defined as a single morph; the definition overlaps with the grammatical term contraction, but contractions are formed from words that would otherwise appear together in sequence, such as do and not to make don't, whereas a portmanteau word is formed by combining two or more existing words that all relate to a singular concept. A portmanteau differs from a compound, which does not involve the truncation of parts of the stems of the blended words. For instance, starfish is not a portmanteau, of star and fish; the word portmanteau was first used in this sense by Lewis Carroll in the book Through the Looking-Glass, in which Humpty Dumpty explains to Alice the coinage of the unusual words in "Jabberwocky", where slithy means "slimy and lithe" and mimsy is "miserable and flimsy".
Humpty Dumpty explains to Alice the practice of combining words in various ways: You see it's like a portmanteau—there are two meanings packed up into one word. In his introduction to The Hunting of the Snark, Carroll uses portmanteau when discussing lexical selection: Humpty Dumpty's theory, of two meanings packed into one word like a portmanteau, seems to me the right explanation for all. For instance, take the two words "fuming" and "furious." Make up your mind that you will say both words, but leave it unsettled which you will say first … if you have the rarest of gifts, a balanced mind, you will say "frumious." In then-contemporary English, a portmanteau was a suitcase. The etymology of the word is the French porte-manteau, from porter, "to carry", manteau, "cloak". In modern French, a porte-manteau is a clothes valet, a coat-tree or similar article of furniture for hanging up jackets, hats and the like. An occasional synonym for "portmanteau word" is frankenword, an autological word exemplifying the phenomenon it describes, blending "Frankenstein" and "word".
Many neologisms are examples of blends. In Punch in 1896, the word brunch was introduced as a "portmanteau word." In 1964, the newly independent African republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar chose the portmanteau word Tanzania as its name. Eurasia is a portmanteau of Europe and Asia; some city names are portmanteaus of the border regions they straddle: Texarkana spreads across the Texas-Arkansas border, while Calexico and Mexicali are the American and Mexican sides of a single conurbation. A scientific example is a liger, a cross between a male lion and a female tiger. Many company or brand names are portmanteaus, including Microsoft, a portmanteau of microcomputer and software. "Jeoportmanteau!" is a recurring category on the American television quiz show Jeopardy!. The category's name is itself a portmanteau of the words "Jeopardy" and "portmanteau." Responses in the category are portmanteaus constructed by fitting two words together. Portmanteau words may be produced by joining together proper nouns with common nouns, such as "gerrymandering", which refers to the scheme of Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry for politically contrived redistricting.
The term gerrymander has itself contributed to portmanteau terms playmander. Oxbridge is a common portmanteau for the UK's two oldest universities, those of Oxford and Cambridge. In 2016, Britain's planned exit from the European Union became known as "Brexit". David Beckham's English mansion Rowneybury House was nicknamed "Beckingham Palace", a portmanteau of his surname and Buckingham Palace. Many portmanteau words do not appear in all dictionaries. For example, a spork is an eating utensil, a combination of a spoon and a fork, a skort is an item of clothing, part skirt, part shorts. On the other hand, turducken, a dish made by inserting a chicken into a duck, the duck into a turkey, was added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2010; the word refudiate was first used by Sarah Palin when she misspoke, conflating the words refute and repudiate. Though a gaffe, the word was recognized as the New Oxford American Dictionary's "Word of the Year" in 2010; the business lexicon is replete with newly coined portmanteau words like "permalance", "advertainment", "advertorial", "infotainment", "infomercial".
A company name may be portmanteau as well as a product name. Two proper names can be used in creating a portmanteau word in r
Latham, New York
Latham is a hamlet in Albany County, New York, United States. It is located along U. S. Route 9 in the town of Colonie, a dense suburb north of Albany; as of the 2010 census, the population was 20,736. The area was known at different times in its history as Yearsley's, Van Vranken's, Town House Corners and Latham's Corners, named after hotel owner William G. Latham; the "corner" referred to is now the intersection of Old Loudon Road. Before European expansion to North America, Latham was occupied by Mohicans; the Old Loudon Road was built in 1755 during the French and Indian War to bring troops and provisions from Albany to the areas of Lake George and Ticonderoga. The Troy and Schenectady Turnpike was intersected Old Loudon. An early first resident of this hamlet was Jonas Yearsley, 1785, who built the first hotel close to this intersection; the hamlet was known first under the name of Yearsley's Corners and years afterward as Van Vrankens Corners in the 1850s. The name changed into Latham. James, his son, continued to run the hotel until he died on August 14, 1933.
The hamlet itself is narrow east-west and long north-south, centered on the intersection of the Troy-Schenectady Road and Old Loudon Road. As a hamlet its boundaries are inexact though they are marked by the New York State Department of Transportation on the west and east ends on New York Route 2 and on the south end on U. S. Route 9. On the west end the hamlet begins near the entrance to the former Latham Circle Mall; the northern border is the Crescent Bridge crossing the Mohawk River into Halfmoon in Saratoga County. Blue Creek circles the area known as Pirate's Island; the area referred to as "Latham" extends well beyond the hamlet itself, as the name is used for the post office of the 12110 ZIP Code. Many locations considered in the northern and northeastern parts of Latham are in the Cohoes ZIP Code, while many in the eastern sections use a Watervliet ZIP Code. Latham's terrain is a hilly mix of deciduous and evergreen trees, with some ponds and swamps, including several protected water courses and New York State Wetlands.
Streams east of Old Loudon Road and US 9 drain into the Hudson River. David Wu - Who?????? Jeff Hoffman - pitcher for the Colorado Rockies Tommy Kahnle - pitcher for the New York Yankees "Latham Circle Mall" at Dead Malls Town of Colonie North Colonie Public Schools Hidden in Suburbia Latham Water Tower Replacement Plan Latham Fire Department Reformed Dutch Church
The Hudson Valley comprises the valley of the Hudson River and its adjacent communities in the U. S. state of New York, from the cities of Albany and Troy southward to Yonkers in Westchester County. Depending upon the definition delineating its boundaries, the Hudson Valley encompasses a growing metropolis, home to between 3 and 3.5 million residents centered along the north-south axis of the Hudson River. The Hudson River valley runs north to south down the eastern edge of New York State, cutting through a series of rock types including Triassic sandstones and redbeds in the south and much more ancient Precambrian gneiss in the north. In the Hudson Highlands, the river enters a fjord cut during previous ice ages. To the west lie the extensive Appalachian highlands. In the Tappan Zee region, the west side of the river has high cliffs produced by an erosion-resistant diabase; the Hudson Valley is one physiographic section of the larger Ridge-and-Valley province, which in turn is part of the larger Appalachian physiographic division.
The northern portions of the Hudson Valley fall within the Eastern Great Lakes and Hudson Lowlands Ecoregion. During the last ice age, the valley was filled by a large glacier that pushed south as far as Long Island. Near the end of the last ice age, the Great Lakes drained south down the Hudson River, from a large glacial lake called Lake Iroquois. Lake Ontario is the remnant of that Lake. Large sand deposits remain from; the Hudson Valley was inhabited by indigenous peoples ages. The Algonquins lived along the Hudson River, with the three subdivisions of that group being the Lenape, the Wappingers, the Mahicans; the lower Hudson River was inhabited by the Lenape Indians. In fact, the Lenape Indians were the people that waited for the explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano onshore, traded with Henry Hudson, sold the island of Manhattan. Further north, the Wappingers lived from Manhattan Island up to Poughkeepsie, they lived a similar lifestyle to the Lenape. They traded with both the Lenape to the Mahicans to the north.
The Mahicans lived in the northern valley from present-day Kingston to Lake Champlain, with their capital located near present-day Albany. The Lenape, the Wappingers, the Mahicans were speakers of languages that were part of Algonquin language family; as such, the three subdivisions were able to communicate with each other. Their relations with each other were peaceful. However, the Mahicans were in direct conflict with the Mohawk Indians to the west, a part of the Iroquois nation; the Mohawks would sometimes raid Mahican villages from the west. The Algonquins in the region lived in small clans and villages throughout the area. One major fortress was called Navish, located at Croton Point, overlooking the Hudson River. Other fortresses were located in various locations throughout the Hudson Highlands. Villagers lived in various types of houses; the houses could be rectangular. Large families lived in longhouses that could be a hundred feet long. At the associated villages, the indigenous peoples grew corn and squash.
They scavenged for other types of plant foods, such as various types of nuts and berries. In addition to agriculture, they fished for food in the river, focusing on various species of freshwater fish, as well as several variations of striped bass, sturgeon and shad. Oyster beds were common on the river floor, which provided an extra source of nutrition. Land hunting consisted of turkey, deer and other animals. In 1497, John Cabot claimed the entire country for England. In 1524, Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano visited the bay of New York, in service of Francis I of France. On his voyage, Verrazzano sailed north along the Atlantic seaboard. Verrazzano sailed all the way to New York Harbor. Verrazzano sailed his boat into the harbor and sailed over what is now Battery Park. However, Verrazzano never left the harbor shortly thereafter. A year Estevan Gomez, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain in search of the Northwest Passage visited New York Bay; the extent of his explorations in the bay is unknown.
Yet as Charles H. Winfield has noted, as late as 1679, there was a tradition among the First Nations that the Spanish arrived before the Dutch, that from them it was that the natives obtained the maize or Spanish wheat. Maps of that era based on Gomez's map labeled the coast from New Jersey to Rhode Island, as the "land of Estevan Gomez". In 1598 some Dutch employed by the Greenland Company wintered in the Bay. Eleven years the Dutch East India Company financed English navigator Henry Hudson in his attempt to search for the Northwest Passage. During this attempt, Henry Hudson decided to sail his ship up the river that would be named after him; as he continued up the river, its width expanded, into Haverstraw Bay, leading him to believe he had reached the Northwest Passage. He docked his ship on the western shore of Haverstraw Bay and claimed the territory as the first Dutch settlement in North America, he proceeded upstream as far as present-day Troy before concluding that no such strait existed there.
After Henry Hudson realized that the Hudson River was not the Nort