Johnson & Wales University
Johnson & Wales University is a private career-oriented university with its main campus in Providence, Rhode Island. Founded as a business school in 1914 by Gertrude I. Johnson and Mary T. Wales, JWU has 12,930 students enrolled in business, arts & sciences, culinary arts, engineering, equine management and engineering technology programs across its campuses; the university is accredited by the New England Association of Schools & Colleges, through its Commission on Institutions of Higher Education. Johnson & Wales Business School was founded in September 1914 in Rhode Island. Founders Gertrude I. Johnson and Mary T. Wales met as students at Pennsylvania State Normal School in Pennsylvania. Years both were teaching at Bryant and Stratton business school in Providence when they decided to team up and open a business school; the school opened with one typewriter on Hope Street in Providence. The school soon moved to a larger site on Olney Street, moved downtown to 36 Exchange Street to better serve returning soldiers after World War I.
The curriculum in the early part of the 20th Century included bookkeeping, shorthand and Mathematics. The school admitted both women. In June 1947, founders Johnson and Wales, facing old age and illness, sold Johnson & Wales Business School to partners Edward Triangelo and Morris Gaebe. At this time the school had 100 students. Triangelo and Gaebe served as co-directors; the school earned national accreditation in 1954. In 1960, Johnson & Wales was accredited as a junior college; the school became a registered nonprofit organization in 1963. Edward P. Triangolo served as the college's first president from 1963 to 1969. Morris Gaebe served as president from 1969-1989, Chancellor. Gaebe introduced the hospitality program despite skepticism from the college's board. Enrollment in the program grew from 141 students in 1973 to 3,000 in 1983; the school's culinary programs became renowned. The college became Johnson & Wales University in 1988, known informally as JWU. By 2016, the university had 16,000 students and more than 2400 employees across campuses in four cities.
Degree programs were offered in business, culinary arts and sciences, education, physician assistant studies and design. Johnson & Wales University operates campuses in four locations: The founding Providence, Rhode Island campus housing JWU's business and technology programs with a subsidiary campus housing JWU's culinary and graduate programs in Cranston, Rhode Island North Miami, Florida Denver, Colorado Charlotte, North Carolina Two previous campuses in Charleston, South Carolina and Norfolk, were consolidated into the Charlotte campus, starting in September 2003 and ending in May 2006 with the closures of the Norfolk and Charleston campuses. JWU has four academic units at four of its different campuses: the College of Business, the College of Culinary Arts, the Hospitality College, the College of Arts & Sciences; the Providence Downcity campus is home to the College of Business, the Hospitality College, the College of Arts & Sciences, the School of Technology. This campus is home to several additional academic units: the Alan Shawn Feinstein Graduate School and the College of Culinary Arts.
It has the School of Education, which offers specialized master's and doctoral degree programs. Students just entering the field can earn a Master of Arts in Teaching, current teachers can earn a Masters of Education degree. For current teachers who want to advance their degree, there is a doctoral program where they can earn their Ed. D. Johnson & Wales University offers 11 online bachelor's degrees and nine online master's degree programs. Johnson & Wales University is well known for its culinary arts program, but was first founded as business and hospitality programs; the university is the largest food service educator in the world. JWU is one of the top three hospitality colleges, according to the 2010 rankings released by the American Universities Admissions Program, which ranks American universities according to their international reputation. JWU is home to the 39th largest college of business in the United States; the university offers a wide variety of degrees, including Accounting, Fashion Merchandising & Retail Management, Equine Studies/Equine Business Management & Riding, Marketing, Criminal Justice, Hotel & Lodging Management, Sports/Entertainment/Event Management.
The Providence Downcity campus offers two- and four-year degree programs in areas of technology such as network engineering, electronics & robotics engineering, computer programming, health science, graphic design. JWU's academic year is divided into three trimesters, each 11 weeks long, where the standard fall and spring semesters are replaced with fall and spring trimesters. With the start of the 2018-2019 academic year, JWU is offering all graduate degree programs, except for the master’s level education programs, on a semester calendar; the conversion to semesters will be completed in fall of 2020 for all undergraduate, continuing education and master’s level education programs offered at the university. Classes are offered during the summer months, creating a fourth academic period; this results in an earlier spring break and a typical summer break from May to September. During fall and spring terms, students usuall
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, the most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. New Jersey lies within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U. S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state; the English seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey after the largest of the Channel Islands and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century. In the 19th century, factories in cities, Paterson, Trenton, Jersey City, Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa; the pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.
Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers and gorges. New Jersey was settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact. Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land, now New Jersey; the Lenape were several autonomous groups that practiced maize agriculture in order to supplement their hunting and gathering in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans; these clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade; the Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled.
The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in 1630 along the North River which became the Bergen. Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden; the entire region became a territory of England on June 24, 1664, after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is now New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province. During the English Civil War, the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to the King, it was from the Royal Square in Saint Helier that Charles II of England was proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York, the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony. James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
The area was named the Province of New Jersey. Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres, a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, commercial farming developed sporadically; some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, New Jersey's population had increased to 120,000 by 1775. Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill –
Cherry Hill, New Jersey
Cherry Hill is a township in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a population of 71,045, reflecting an increase of 1,080 from the 69,965 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 617 from the 69,348 counted in the 1990 Census; as of 2010, the township was the state's 15th most populous municipality and the second-largest in Camden County, after having been the state's 13th most populous municipality in the 2000 Census. An edge city of Philadelphia, Cherry Hill is situated on the Delaware Valley coastal plain 8 miles southeast of Center City, Philadelphia; the area now known as Cherry Hill was settled by the Lenni-Lenape Native Americans before being displaced by the first settlers from England, namely Quaker followers of William Penn who arrived in the late 17th century. The first settlement was a small cluster of homes named Colestown, in the perimeters of what is now the Colestown Cemetery on the corner of Route 41 and Church Road.
The municipality was founded on February 25, 1844, in Gloucester County as Delaware Township from half of the area of Waterford Township, became part of Camden County at its creation some two weeks on March 13, 1844. Portions of the township were taken to form Stockton Merchantville. At its territorial peak, Delaware Township included all of modern-day Cherry Hill Township, as well as the neighborhood of North Camden and the municipalities Merchantville and Pennsauken; the township's population grew after World War II, continued to increase until the 1980s. Today, the municipality's population is stable with new development occurring in pockets of custom luxury houses or through the rehabilitation and adaptive reuse of commercial and industrial areas. Cherry Hill was a 19th-century farm on Kaighn Avenue, owned by Abraham Browning; the farm property became the Cherry Hill Inn, as well as an office campus, today's Cherry Hill Towers and Cherry Hill Estates housing developments. Adding to the prevalence of the Cherry Hill name, developer Eugene Mori branded several properties using the name, including the Cherry Hill Inn and Cherry Hill Lodge hotels, Cherry Hill Apartments, Cherry Hill Estates.
Cherry Hill Shopping Center opened in 1961 opposite the old Cherry Hill Farm site, featuring 75 stores within a single enclosed space. When the township sought a new post office, another New Jersey municipality in Hunterdon County was using the name Delaware Township; the United States Postal Service insisted on a name change, suggesting "Deltown". Delaware Township mayors Christian Weber and John Gilmour pursued public write-in campaigns to select possible titles, chose Cherry Hill from suggestions that included Chapel Hill, Cherry Valley and Delaware City; the name "Cherry Hill" was chosen by the township's citizens in a non-binding referendum in 1961, was adopted November 7, 1961. According to the United States Census Bureau, Cherry Hill township had a total area of 24.244 square miles, including 24.097 square miles of land and 0.147 square miles of water,Ashland, Cherry Hill Mall, Golden Triangle, Kingston Estates and Springdale are unincorporated communities and census-designated places located within the township.
Other unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Coffins Corner, Cooperstown, Deer Park, Freeman, Huttons Hill, Locust Grove and Woodcrest. The township's eastern border with Burlington County is defined by the Pennsauken Creek; the creek separates Cherry Hill from the communities of Maple Shade Township, Evesham Township, Mount Laurel Township. The Cooper River forms the southern border with Haddon Township, Haddonfield Borough, Lawnside Borough, through the Maria Barnaby Greenwald Park and parallel to the east-west Route 70. To the north, Cherry Hill borders Merchantville Borough and Pennsauken Township, while Voorhees Township shares its southern border along County Route 544. Cherry Hill has a humid subtropical climate, with mild winters however subject to changeable conditions with occasional ice and heavy snowfall that melts within days of falling. Summers are long and humid; the area can feel effects from Atlantic tropical storms. Precipitation is plentiful in all seasons.
The Asian-American population in Cherry Hill is experiencing rapid growth, increasing by an estimated 21.0% from 7,661 in 2010 to 9,266 in 2016, according to the 2016 American Community Survey out of proportion to the less than 1.0% growth in the overall population of the township over the same period. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 71,045 people, 26,882 households, 19,301.276 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,948.3 per square mile. There were 28,452 housing units at an average density of 1,180.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 78.06% White, 6.14% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 11.69% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.83% from other races, 2.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.64% of the population. There were 26,882 household
2017 New Jersey elections
A general election was held in the U. S. state of New Jersey on November 7, 2017. Primary elections were held on June 6. All elected offices at the state level were on the ballot in this election cycle, including Governor and Lieutenant Governor for four-year terms, all 80 seats in the New Jersey General Assembly for two-year terms, all 40 seats in the State Senate for four-year terms. In addition to the gubernatorial and State Legislative elections, numerous county offices and Freeholders in addition to municipal offices were up for election. There were two statewide ballot questions and some counties and municipalities had a local ballot question. Non-partisan local elections, some school board elections, some fire district elections were held throughout the year. All 40 seats of the New Jersey Senate were up for election. Prior to the elections, Democrats held a 24–16 majority in the upper house. Democrats picked up an open seat in District 7 and defeated a Republican incumbent in District 11, while Republicans defeated an appointed Democratic incumbent in District 2.
Overall, this resulted in Democrats having a net gain of one seat, increasing their majority to 25–15. Raymond Lesniak, District 20 Diane Allen, District 7 Joe Kyrillos, District 13In addition, four members who were elected in the last election in 2013 have since left office: Donald Norcross, Peter J. Barnes III, Kevin J. O'Toole, Jim Whelan. DeclaredJeff Van Drew, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredMary Gruccio, Superintendent of Vineland Public Schools and former Cumberland County FreeholderResults DeclaredAnthony Parisi Sanchez, community activist and former Marine Corps reservist EndorsementsPollingResults Incumbent Democratic Senator Jim Whelan declined to seek a fourth term, announcing his retirement on January 4, 2017. Whelan died in office on August 22. DeclaredColin Bell, former Atlantic County Freeholder and nominee for Assembly in 2015WithdrawnVince Mazzeo, state assemblyman ResultsFollowing the death of Whelan on August 22, 2017, Bell was unanimously selected to fill the remainder of his term by local Democratic committee members on September 5, was sworn in on October 5.
DeclaredChris A. Brown, state assemblymanResults EndorsementsPolling Results DeclaredStephen M. Sweeney, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredFran Grenier, chairman of the Salem County Republican Party and former Woodstown Borough CouncilmanResults Polling EndorsementsResults DeclaredFred H. Madden, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredMichael PascettaResultsPascetta was not on the official list of candidates for the general election. EndorsementsResults DeclaredNilsa Cruz-Perez, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredKeith Walker, nominee for Senate in 2011 and 2013Results DeclaredMohammad Kabir EndorsementsResults DeclaredJames Beach, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredRobert ShapiroResults EndorsementsResults Citing health concerns, incumbent Republican Senator Diane Allen declined to run for a seventh term, announcing her retirement on January 31, 2017. DeclaredRob Prisco, Riverside Township Committeeman and nominee for Assembly in 2015ResultsOn June 13, Governor Chris Christie nominated Prisco to a worker's compensation judgeship, whom would drop out.
Local Republican committee members selected Delanco Mayor John Browne as a replacement candidate on September 6. DeclaredTroy Singleton, state assemblymanWithdrawnCory CottinghamDeclinedHerb Conaway, state assemblyman Carol A. Murphy, director of policy and communication for Assemblywoman Gabriela Mosquera Results EndorsementsResults DeclaredDawn Marie Addiego, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredGeorge B. YoungkinResults EndorsementsResults DeclaredChristopher J. Connors, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredBrian Corley White, attorneyResults EndorsementsResults DeclaredJames W. Holzapfel, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredEmma Mammano, mental health counselorResults EndorsementsResults DeclaredJennifer Beck, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredVin Gopal, nominee for Assembly in 2011, former chairman of the Monmouth County Democratic Party Results EndorsementsPolling Results DeclaredArt Haney, chairman of the Old Bridge Republican Party and former mayor of Old Bridge Samuel D. Thompson, incumbent senatorEndorsementsResults DeclaredDavid Lande, attorneyResults DeclaredKevin Antoine, SUNY health professor EndorsementsResults Incumbent Republican Senator Joe Kyrillos announced that he would not run for a ninth term on October 25, 2016.
DeclaredDeclan O'Scanlon, state assemblymanWithdrawnAmy Handlin, state assemblywoman Results DeclaredSean Byrnes, former Middletown Township Committeeman Joshua Leinsdorf, former Princeton school board member and perennial candidateResults EndorsementsResults DeclaredLinda R. Greenstein, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredBruce MacDonald, jewelry store owner Ileana Schirmer, Hamilton Township CouncilwomanResults EndorsementsResults DeclaredShirley Turner, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredLee Eric NewtonResults Endorsements Results DeclaredChristopher Bateman, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredLaurie Poppe, social worker, nominee for Hillsborough Township Committee in 2015 and 2016WithdrawnZenon Christodoulu, businessmanDeclinedAndrew Koontz, Mercer County Freeholder Liz Lempert, Mayor of Princeton Andrew Zwicker, state assemblyman Results Endorsements Polling Results DeclaredBill Irwin, Piscataway Board of Education President Bob Smith, incumbent senatorResults DeclaredDaryl J. Kipnis, attorneyResults EndorsementsResults DeclaredPatrick J.
American Solidarity Party
The American Solidarity Party is a Christian democratic political party in the United States. Its motto is "Common Good, Common Ground, Common Sense." Founded in 2011 and incorporated in 2016, the party has a National Committee and is active in state and local chapters and through on-line communication. It is regarded as a minor third party; those who join the American Solidarity Party affirm their "recognition of the sanctity of human life, the necessity of social justice, our responsibility for the environment, the possibility of a more peaceful world." In keeping with a consistent life ethic and the "inviolable dignity and rights of every human person from conception to natural death," the ASP opposes abortion and capital punishment, is concerned with human rights in the areas of immigration, criminal justice reform and foreign policy. The ASP encourages social development along the lines of subsidiarity and sphere sovereignty, emphasizing the importance of strong families, local communities, voluntary associations.
This involves strong protection for religious freedom in both private and public life. The American Solidarity Party favors a social market economy, seeking widespread economic participation and ownership, expressed in the flourishing of independent businesses and small farms, while respecting both private property and the dignity of labor, providing a safety net for the poor and vulnerable. In order to promote environmental stewardship and sustainability, the ASP platform calls for conservation and a transition toward more renewable sources of energy, while rejecting population control measures; the ASP was founded in 2011 as the "Christian Democratic Party USA". In 2012, the CDPUSA endorsed the independent candidacy of Joe Schriner for President; the name of the party was changed after the 2012 election to the "American Solidarity Party", a national committee was created for the purpose of drafting a platform and developing the party’s online presence. Kirk Morrison chaired the committee until late 2015.
Dr. Stephen Beall, who drafted the original platform, became chair in 2016 and organized the party’s first online convention in July, he was succeeded by Matthew Bartko, who worked to incorporate the ASP as a legal entity and presided over the formation of numerous state chapters. During the 2016 presidential election season, the American Solidarity Party held an online convention on July 9, 2016, which nominated Dr. Amir Azarvan of Georgia for president and Mike Maturen of Michigan for vice-president. However, Azarvan subsequently withdrew, in response the ticket was revised, with Maturen running for president and Juan Muñoz of Texas running for vice-president. For the 2016 election, the American Solidarity Party was listed on the ballot in Colorado, it was a certified write-in option in Alabama, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas and Washington. Maturen received 6,662 reported votes, not including states. For the November 2017 off-year elections, the American Solidarity Party ran a candidate for New Jersey legislature, Monica Sohler, in the 6th district.
She received 821 votes. Marianne Bovee ran for Thiensville, Wisconsin Village Board, receiving 155 votes, narrowly missing out by 5 votes. Desmond Silveira, a software engineer, was national committee member of the American Solidarity Party, the campaign manager for the Maturen-Muñoz 2016 campaign, vice chair of the ASP, director of operations for the party. In 2018, he ran for governor. Brian T. Carroll ran against Devin Nunes for California's 22nd congressional district as an American Solidarity candidate, receiving 1,591 votes in the election. Kevin Lee Egger ran for San Diego Council District 6. In the 2020 U. S. presidential election, Brian T. Carroll and Joe Schriner have announced their candidacies and are seeking the ASP nomination; the American Solidarity Party has been characterized as conservative on social issues while supporting some government intervention in economic matters. The ASP's 2016 presidential nominee, Mike Maturen, has characterized the party as "centrist", as has The Irish Times.
Membership and leadership in the American Solidarity Party is open to people of all backgrounds, etc. The American Solidarity Party adheres to the ideology of Christian democracy, influenced by Catholic Social Teaching and Neo-Calvinist theology; as such, the ASP looks to the Christian Democratic movements in Europe and the Americas, to American religious populists such as Martin Luther King. As the name indicates, the American Solidarity Party draws its inspiration from Solidarity, founded by Lech Wałęsa in 1980. In addition, the ASP shares the conservative positions of the Netherlands' Anti-Revolutionary Party, founded by Dutch prime minister and Calvinist theologian Abraham Kuyper in 1879. A core principle of the American Solidarity Party is the consistent life ethic, understood as “respect for life and the dignity of all persons on all issues.” Like other social conservatives, the ASP opposes abortion and embryonic stem cell research, but it differs from many of them by rejecting capital punishment and holding to Just War principles in foreign policy.
It regards economic justice as an essential aspect of respect for human life. The American Solidarity Party calls for fair labor practices and the strengthening of labor organizations, a wider distribution of wealth and productive property, the provision of decent health care to all members of society, responsible stewardship of the environment, policies that strengthen the fa
New Jersey Senate
The New Jersey Senate was established as the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature by the Constitution of 1844, replacing the Legislative Council. There are 40 legislative districts, representing districts with average populations of 210,359; each district has one senator and two members of the New Jersey General Assembly, the lower house of the legislature. Prior to the election in which they are chosen, senators must be a minimum of 30 years old and a resident of the state for four years to be eligible to serve in office. From 1844 until 1965, each county was an electoral district, with each county electing one senator. Under the 1844 Constitution the term of office was three years; the 1947 Constitution changed the term to four years. Since 1968 it has consisted of 40 senators. Senators serve a two-year term at the beginning of each decade, with the rest of the decade divided into two four-year terms; the "2-4-4" cycle was put into place so that Senate elections can reflect the changes made to the district boundaries on the basis of the decennial United States Census.
If the cycle were not put into place the boundaries would sometimes be four years out of date before being used for Senate elections. Rather, with the varied term, the boundaries are only two years out of date, thus elections for Senate seats take place in years ending with a "1", "3" or "7". Interim appointments are made to fill vacant legislative seats by the county committee or committees of the party of the vacating person; the office is on the ballot for the next general election, unless the vacancy occurred within 51 days of the election. The appointment stands until the following general election. Senatorial courtesy is a senate tradition that allows home county legislators to intercede to prevent consideration of a local resident nominated by the Governor for a position that requires Senate confirmation. Any of the senators from the nominee's home county can invoke senatorial courtesy to block a nomination, temporarily or permanently, without any obligation to justify the basis of their actions.
Governor Corzine nominated Stuart Rabner on June 4, 2007, to be the next Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court, replacing James R. Zazzali, nearing mandatory retirement age. Shortly after the nomination, two members of the Senate from Essex County, where Rabner resides, blocked consideration of his confirmation by invoking senatorial courtesy. State Senator Ronald Rice had blocked the nomination, but relented on June 15, 2007, after a meeting with the governor. Nia Gill dropped her block on June 19, 2007, but did not explain the nature of her concerns, though anonymous lawmakers cited in The New York Times indicated that the objection was due to Rabner's race and Governor Corzine's failure to consider a minority candidate for the post. In June 2007, Loretta Weinberg used senatorial courtesy privileges to hold up consideration of a new term in office for Bergen County Prosecutor John Molinelli; until 2010, in the event of a gubernatorial vacancy, the New Jersey Constitution had specified that the President of the Senate would assume the role of Acting Governor and retain their role in the Senate.
An Acting Governor would assume the governorship while retaining the reins of power in their house of the legislature. The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey took office for the first time on January 19, 2010, following conjoint election with the Governor of New Jersey; the position was created as the result of a Constitutional amendment to the New Jersey State Constitution passed by the voters on November 8, 2005. While the amendment itself took effect as of January 17, 2006, made some interim changes to the succession to the governorship, the first lieutenant governor was not elected until November 3, 2009. District 1: Bob Andrzejczak District 2: Chris A. Brown District 3: Stephen M. Sweeney District 4: Fred H. Madden District 5: Nilsa Cruz-Perez District 6: James Beach District 7: Troy Singleton District 8: Dawn Marie Addiego District 9: Christopher J. Connors District 10: James W. Holzapfel District 11: Vin Gopal District 12: Samuel D. Thompson District 13: Declan O'Scanlon District 14: Linda R. Greenstein District 15: Shirley Turner District 16: Christopher Bateman District 17: Bob Smith District 18: Patrick J. Diegnan District 19: Joseph Vitale District 20: Joseph Cryan District 21: Thomas Kean, Jr. District 22: Nicholas Scutari District 23: Michael J. Doherty District 24: Steve Oroho District 25: Anthony Bucco District 26: Joseph Pennacchio District 27: Richard Codey District 28: Ronald Rice District 29: Teresa Ruiz District 30: Robert Singer District 31: Sandra Bolden Cunningham District 32: Nicholas Sacco District 33: Brian P. Stack District 34: Nia Gill District 35: Nellie Pou District 36: Paul Sarlo District 37: Loretta Weinberg District 38: Joseph Lagana District 39: Gerald Cardinale District 40: Kristin Corrado Committee chairs for the 2018-2019 Legislative Session are: Budget and Appropriations - Paul Sarlo Commerce - Nellie Pou Community and Urban Affairs - Jeff Van Drew Economic Growth - Nilsa Cruz-Perez Education - Teresa Ruiz Environment and Energy - Bob Smith Health, Human Services and Senior Citizens - Joseph Vitale Higher Education - Sandra Bolden Cunningh
University of Pennsylvania
The University of Pennsylvania is a private Ivy League research university located in the University City neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is one of the nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence and the first institution of higher learning in the United States to refer to itself as a university. Benjamin Franklin, Penn's founder and first president, advocated an educational program that trained leaders in commerce and public service, similar to a modern liberal arts curriculum; the university's coat of arms features a dolphin on its red chief, adopted from Benjamin Franklin's own coat of arms. University of Pennsylvania is home many professional and graduate schools including, the first school of medicine in North America, the first collegiate business school and the first "student union" building and organization were founded at Penn; the university has four undergraduate schools which provide a combined 99 undergraduate majors in the humanities, natural sciences and engineering, as well twelve graduate and professional schools.
It provides the option to pursue specialized dual degree programs. Undergraduate admissions is competitive, with an acceptance rate of 7.44% for the class of 2023, the school is ranked as the 8th best university in the United States by the U. S. News & World Report. In athletics, the Quakers field varsity teams in 33 sports as a member of the NCAA Division I Ivy League conference and hold a total of 210 Ivy League championships as of 2017. In 2018, the university had an endowment of $13.8 billion, the seventh largest endowment of all colleges in the United States, as well as an academic research budget of $966 million. As of 2018, distinguished alumni include 14 heads of 64 billionaire alumni. S. House of Representatives. Other notable alumni include 27 Rhodes Scholars, 15 Marshall Scholarship recipients, 16 Pulitzer Prize winners, 48 Fulbright Scholars. In addition, some 35 Nobel laureates, 169 Guggenheim Fellows, 80 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, many Fortune 500 CEOs have been affiliated with the university.
University of Pennsylvania considers itself the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, though this is contested by Princeton and Columbia Universities. The university considers itself as the first university in the United States with both undergraduate and graduate studies. In 1740, a group of Philadelphians joined together to erect a great preaching hall for the traveling evangelist George Whitefield, who toured the American colonies delivering open air sermons; the building was designed and built by Edmund Woolley and was the largest building in the city at the time, drawing thousands of people the first time it was preached in. It was planned to serve as a charity school as well, but a lack of funds forced plans for the chapel and school to be suspended. According to Franklin's autobiography, it was in 1743 when he first had the idea to establish an academy, "thinking the Rev. Richard Peters a fit person to superintend such an institution". However, Peters declined a casual inquiry from Franklin and nothing further was done for another six years.
In the fall of 1749, now more eager to create a school to educate future generations, Benjamin Franklin circulated a pamphlet titled "Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pensilvania", his vision for what he called a "Public Academy of Philadelphia". Unlike the other Colonial colleges that existed in 1749—Harvard, William & Mary and Princeton—Franklin's new school would not focus on education for the clergy, he advocated an innovative concept of higher education, one which would teach both the ornamental knowledge of the arts and the practical skills necessary for making a living and doing public service. The proposed program of study could have become the nation's first modern liberal arts curriculum, although it was never implemented because William Smith, an Anglican priest who became the first provost and other trustees preferred the traditional curriculum. Franklin assembled a board of trustees from among the leading citizens of Philadelphia, the first such non-sectarian board in America.
At the first meeting of the 24 members of the Board of Trustees, the issue of where to locate the school was a prime concern. Although a lot across Sixth Street from the old Pennsylvania State House, was offered without cost by James Logan, its owner, the Trustees realized that the building erected in 1740, still vacant, would be an better site; the original sponsors of the dormant building still owed considerable construction debts and asked Franklin's group to assume their debts and, their inactive trusts. On February 1, 1750, the new board took over the building and trusts of the old board. On August 13, 1751, the "Academy of Philadelphia", using the great hall at 4th and Arch Streets, took in its first secondary students. A charity school was chartered July 13, 1753 in accordance with the intentions of the original "New Building" donors, although it lasted only a few years. On June 16, 1755, the "College of Philadelphia" was chartered, paving the way for the addition of undergraduate instruction.
All three schools shared the same Board of Trustees and were consider