Nikita Petrovich Panin
Count Nikita Petrovich Panin, a Russian diplomat, vice-chancellor, State Chancellor 6 October 1799 – 18 November 1800 and Foreign Minister of Russia. He was a nephew of Count Nikita Ivanovich Panin, son of Petr Ivanovich Panin, son-in-law of Count Vladimir Orlov. Nikita P. Panin plotted the assassination of Paul I of Russia together with Count Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen and the Russo-Neapolitan Admiral José de Ribas. Ribas died before the assassination, carried out on 23 March 1801 by a band of dismissed officers headed by General Bennigsen, a Hanoverian in the Russian service, General Yashvil, a Georgian; the assassination brought Alexander I of Russia to the throne. Materials for the biography of Count Nikita Petrovich Panin. at Runivers.ru in DjVu and PDF formats
Andrei Vladimirovich Panin was a Nika Award-winner Russian actor appearing in film and television, a director. Panin was born on May 1962, in Novosibirsk, Soviet Union. Two years the family moved to Chelyabinsk; when Andrew was six years old - in Kemerovo, where he lived for 16 years. Panin was rocketed to fame by the hit television detective show Kamenskaya. In 2000, he had lead roles in both Valery Akhadov's Don't Offend the Women and Pavel Lungin's The Wedding, as well as Alexander Atanesyan's action thriller 24 Hours, he won the best actor prize at the Golden Ram film festival for his part in The Wedding. Panin made his first screen appearance in the movie Straightway, but it was his performances in Maxim Pezhemsky's Mama, Don't Cry and Denis Yevstigneev's Mama that brought the actor renown. Before becoming a screen regular, he was a stage actor at the Minusinsky theater, where he worked after graduating from the Culture Institute in Kemerovo. Although he had planned to attend the Culinary Institute, Panin went on to further his education as an actor, graduating from Moscow's legendary MKhAT in 1991 and taking up residence at the MKhAT Chekhov theater with his wife, Natalya Rogozhina.
His stage work includes Three Sisters, The Miserly Knight, Deadly Number, a private production of Winter. Panin acts in Oleg Tabakov's productions. Panin lived in Russia with his wife, Natalya Rogozhkina, he was found lying on the floor with a head wound. 1998 — Mama Don't Cry as sailor 1999 / 2011 — Kamenskaya as Stasov 2000 — The Wedding as Garkusha 2001 — Poisons or the World History of Poisoning as Cesare Borgia 2003 — The Suit as Botya 2002 — The Brigade: Law of Lawless as Vladimir Kaverin 2005 — Dead Man's Bluff as architect 2005 — Mama Don't Cry 2 as sailor 2005 — Shadowboxing as Valiyev 2007 — Shadowboxing 2: Revenge as Valiyev 2007 — Crime and Punishment as Porfiriy Petrovich 2007 — The Cosmonaut's Grandson as Tolyan Titov 2010 — Kandagar as Alexander Gotov 2010 — Burnt by the Sun 2 as Kravets 2011 — Generation P as Kolya 2011 — Shadowboxing 3: Last Round as Valiyev 2011 — Vysotsky. Thank You For Being Alive as Dr. Anatoly Nefedov 2012 — Breakaway as Igor Grumel 2012 — Redemption as Fedor 2012 — The Horde as khan Tini Beg 2013 — Sherlock Holmes as Dr. Watson 2014 — Hetaera of Major Sokolov as Andrei Sokolov Andrei Panin on IMDb
Countess Sofia Vladimirovna Panina was Vice Minister of State Welfare and Vice Minister of Education in the Provisional Government following the Russian February Revolution, 1917. She was the last member of the aristocratic Panin family. Countess Sofia Vladimirovna Panina was the daughter of Count Vladimir Viktorovich Panin and Anastasiia Sergeevna Maltsova, her maternal grandfather, General Sergei Ivanovich Mal'tsov was an industrialist whose diverse enterprises once employed over 100,000 workers. Count Viktor Nikitich Panin, her paternal grandfather, was one of Russia's richest serfowners as well as Minister of Justice for over twenty five years. Panina's father died in 1872 when she was not two years old, leaving her the principal heir of the enormous Panin fortune, her mother, who served as trustee of her inheritance, remarried in 1882. Her second husband, Ivan Petrunkevich, was one of the founders of the Russian liberal movement against the autocracy co-founder in 1905 of the major liberal party, the Constitutional Democrat Party.
Petrunkevich had been arrested and sent into internal exile in 1879 for his oppositionist activity, Anastasia's marriage to him alarmed the Panin family. Sofia Panina's paternal grandmother, Countess Natalia Pavlovna Panina petitioned Emperor Alexander III to remove eleven-year-old Sofia from her mother's custody, enrolled her at the Catherine Institute in St Petersburg, one of the elite boarding schools for noble girls. Entering Petersburg society after graduation, Sofia Panina married a millionaire Alexander Polovstov in 1890, he was the homosexual son of Alexander Polovtsov by Alexander II's cousin. By 1896, she had divorced him and reverted to her maiden name, they had no children, she never remarried. In 1891 Sofia Panina met a Petersburg schoolteacher twenty years older than herself, Aleksandra Vasil'evna Peshekhonova, to whose influence she attributed the decisive turn her life took in the 1890s, away from the world of aristocratic high society and toward progressive philanthropy. Panina and Peshekhonova first created a caféteria for poor schoolchildren in a working-class district of Saint Petersburg.
They added Sunday popular readings for the children's parents and older siblings, founded a library, began offering evening courses for adults. In 1903 Panina built one central building to house all of the diverse services she and Peshekhonova had started in the 1890s, known as Ligovsky People's House, for working-class residents of the same impoverished district on southern outskirts of Saint Petersburg, it pursued a progressive mission to advance popular education, cultural elevation, rational entertainment for adults and children, as part of her project to support their development as citizens. The building still operates as a community center in Saint Petersburg today, under the name of the Railroad Workers' Palace of Culture, its evening courses and literary circles provided a meeting-place for working-class men with socialist sympathies, during the 1905 Revolution, Panina opened Ligovsky People's House to various political groups for meetings and rallies. On 9 May 1906 Vladimir Lenin addressed his first mass meeting in Russia there.
Panina was a co-founder and major financial supporter of the Russian Society for the Protection of Women in 1900, an anti-prostitution organization. In addition to building schools and hospitals on her various estate, she provided assistance to countless individuals. In 1901 she loaned her Crimean estate, Gaspra, to the novelist Leo Tolstoy suffering from a life-threatening illness. Although her mother had married Petrunkevitch, it was not until the February Revolution of 1917 that Sofia started playing a role in politics, she wrote in her memoirs: "I never belonged to any political party and my interests were concentrated on questions of education and general culture, which alone, I was convinced, could provide a firm foundation for a free political order." However, during the war she worked for Saint Petersburg City Duma ensuring the families of reservists called up for the war were being looked after. On International Women's Day, 1917, Panina along with some other suitable women were appointed as delegates to the Petrograd Duma.
Their positions were confirmed in the August elections. She was elected to the Kadet Party Central Committee at the beginning of May and was soon the first woman in world history to hold a cabinet position when she became assistant minister in the newly created Ministry of State Welfare, under Minister Prince Dmitrii Shakhovskoi. In August she was made assistant minister of education under Sergei Oldenburg, the Minister of Education; the Kadet Party placed her on its Petrograd list of candidates for the elections to the Constituent Assembly, held in mid-November, but the party failed to gain enough votes to include her among its delegates. However, when the Kadet Party was faced with the revolution of October 1917, Sofia was to play an more prominent role. On the night of 25 October the Duma sent her as one of three delegates to visit the Aurora in an unsuccessful attempt to persuade them to hold their fire. Following the seizure of power, her home at 23 Sergievskaia Street Liteinyi district was used for meetings of three important anti-Bolshevik groups: the Little Council, the Committee to Save the Fatherland and Revolution composed of Kadet and socialist Duma delegates headed by Nikolai Astrov, the Kadet mayor of Petrograd.
The Central Committee of the Kadet Party met there. As part of the Little Council she was involved in trying to withhold finances from the various ministries f
Nikolai Aleksandrovich Panin-Kolomenkin was a Russian figure skater and coach. He won the gold medal in special figures in the 1908 Summer Olympics, became one of the oldest figure skating Olympic champions. Panin was Russia's first Olympic champion. Nikolay Aleksandrovich Kolomenkin was born on 8 January 1872 in Khrenovoye, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire, he competed in figure skating under the name "Nikolay Panin", though most Russian sources now hyphenate his surname to "Panin-Kolomenkin". Despite having a weak constitution, Panin was active and took part in rowing, cycling and gymnastics. While studying mathematics at Saint Petersburg University in 1897, he took part in a figure skating competition, albeit unsuccessfully. To improve, he developed a technique of wrapping towels around his feet to weigh them down and improve his balance, thus preventing falls, it was at this time that he took the nickname "Panin" on to evade the mockery of his fellow students, at a time when many athletes were adopting nicknames.
Two men's skating events were contested at the 1908 Summer Olympics: single skating and special figures. Panin competed, but did not finish, in the singles event. 1908 was the only year. Panin competed in the 1903 World Championships, placing second behind Salchow. Panin was a prominent figure skating coach both after his win at the Olympics, he helped train his rivals during his own competitive career. He wrote several biographical and reference books, the first of which appeared in 1910, he was a judge at international competitions. Panin competed as a shooter. At the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm he placed 8th in 50 metre pistol competition. Panin was one of the first to be ranked in a sport classification system, a precursor to the Unified Sports Classification System of the USSR. Several of his students won ratings. Panin died on 19 January 1956 in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union. In 1993 Russia issued a 50 ruble gold coin commemorating Russia's first gold medal. Panin appears alongside the Olympic rings and flame, a laurel branch, a winged ice skate.
He was inducted into the World Figure Skating Hall of Fame in 2009. Image of more Panin special figures Russia at the 1908 Summer Olympics Panin at databaseolympics.com Figure skating academy named after Panin
Russia the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and North Asia. At 17,125,200 square kilometres, Russia is by far or by a considerable margin the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, the ninth most populous, with about 146.77 million people as of 2019, including Crimea. About 77 % of the population live in the European part of the country. Russia's capital, Moscow, is one of the largest cities in the world and the second largest city in Europe. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Estonia, Latvia and Poland, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, China and North Korea, it shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U. S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. However, Russia recognises two more countries that border it, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, both of which are internationally recognized as parts of Georgia.
The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' disintegrated into a number of smaller states; the Grand Duchy of Moscow reunified the surrounding Russian principalities and achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had expanded through conquest and exploration to become the Russian Empire, the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state; the Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War.
The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Lithuania, it is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. Russia's economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2018. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally; the country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction.
Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the G20, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the World Trade Organization, as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Collective Security Treaty Organization and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union, along with Armenia, Belarus and Kyrgyzstan; the name Russia is derived from Rus', a medieval state populated by the East Slavs. However, this proper name became more prominent in the history, the country was called by its inhabitants "Русская Земля", which can be translated as "Russian Land" or "Land of Rus'". In order to distinguish this state from other states derived from it, it is denoted as Kievan Rus' by modern historiography.
The name Rus itself comes from the early medieval Rus' people, Swedish merchants and warriors who relocated from across the Baltic Sea and founded a state centered on Novgorod that became Kievan Rus. An old Latin version of the name Rus' was Ruthenia applied to the western and southern regions of Rus' that were adjacent to Catholic Europe; the current name of the country, Россия, comes from the Byzantine Greek designation of the Rus', Ρωσσία Rossía—spelled Ρωσία in Modern Greek. The standard way to refer to citizens of Russia is rossiyane in Russian. There are two Russian words which are commonly
Varvara Vasilyevna Panina was a Russian singer of Romani origins, famous for her deep contralto, one of the Russian popular music stars of the early 20th century. Varvara Vasilyeva was born based in Moscow, she started singing at the age of 14, first in the Gypsy choir directed by Alexandra Panina, at the Strelna restaurant. Having married Panina's nephew Fyodor Artemyevich Panin, she moved to the Moscow Yar restaurant, famous for its Gypsy concerts. In 1902 Varya Panina debuted on stage at the Saint Petersburg's Dvoryanskoye Sobranye and had her first success. Since she performed only on stage, giving solo concerts, performing Gypsy songs and Russian romances to rapturous response. Among her fans were poet Alexander Blok, writers Leo Tolstoy, Alexander Kuprin, Anton Chekhov, painter Konstantin Korovin and members of the Russian Royal family. Panina has made numerous recordings, she died of a heart attack on May 28, 1911, was buried at the Vagankovo cemetery
The genus Pan consists of two extant species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo. Taxonomically, these two ape species are collectively termed panins. Together with humans and orangutans they are part of the family Hominidae. Native to sub-Saharan Africa, common chimpanzees and bonobos are both found in the Congo jungle, while only the common chimpanzee is found further north in West Africa. Both species are listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, in 2017 the Convention on Migratory Species selected the common chimpanzee for special protection; the common chimpanzee who live north of the Congo River, the bonobo who live south of it, were once considered to be the same species, but since 1928 they have been recognized as distinct. In addition, P. troglodytes is divided into four subspecies. Based on genome sequencing, these two extant Pan species diverged around one million years ago; the most obvious differences are that chimpanzees are somewhat larger, more aggressive and male-dominated, while the bonobos are more gracile and female-dominated.
Their hair is black or brown. Males and females differ in appearance. Both chimps and bonobos are some of the most social great apes, with social bonds occurring throughout large communities. Fruit is the most important component of a chimpanzee's diet, they can live over 30 years in both the captivity. Chimpanzees and bonobos are humanity's closest living relatives; as such, they are among the largest-brained and most intelligent primates: they use a variety of sophisticated tools and construct elaborate sleeping nests each night from branches and foliage. Their learning abilities have been extensively studied. There may be distinctive cultures within populations. Field studies of Pan troglodytes were pioneered by primatologist Jane Goodall. Both Pan species are considered to be endangered as human activities have caused severe declines in the populations and ranges of both species. Threats to wild panina populations include poaching, habitat destruction, the illegal pet trade. Several conservation and rehabilitation organisations are dedicated to the survival of Pan species in the wild.
The genus name Pan was first introduced by Lorenz Oken in 1816. An alternative Theranthropus was suggested by Brookes 1828 and Chimpansee by Voigt 1831. Troglodytes was not available, as it had been given as the name of a genus of wren in 1809; the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature adopted Pan as the only official name of the genus in 1895. The name is a reference to the Greek god of nature and wilderness. In his book The Third Chimpanzee, Jared Diamond proposes that P. troglodytes and P. paniscus belong with H. sapiens in the genus Homo, rather than in Pan. He argues that other species have been reclassified by genus for less genetic similarity than that between humans and chimpanzees; the first use of the name "chimpanze" is recorded in The London Magazine in 1738, glossed as meaning "mockman" in a language of "the Angolans". The spelling chimpanzee is found in a 1758 supplement to Chamber's Cyclopædia; the colloquialism "chimp" was most coined some time in the late 1870s. The common chimpanzee was named Simia troglodytes by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach in 1776.
The species name troglodytes is a reference to the Troglodytae, an African people described by Greco-Roman geographers. Blumenbach first used it in his De generis humani varietate nativa liber in 1776, Linnaeus 1758 had used Homo troglodytes for a hypothetical mixture of human and orangutan; the bonobo, in the past referred to as the "pygmy chimpanzee", was given the species name of paniscus by Ernst Schwarz, a diminutive of the theonym Pan. There are two species of the genus Pan, both called Chimpanzees: Common chimpanzees or Pan troglodytes, are found exclusively in the forested regions of Central and West Africa. With at least four accepted subspecies, their population and distribution is much more extensive than the Bonobos, in the past called'Pygmy Chimpanzee'. Bonobos, Pan paniscus, are found only in Central Africa, south of the Congo River and north of the Kasai River, in the humid forests of the Democratic Republic of Congo of Central Africa; the genus Pan is part of the subfamily Homininae, to which humans belong.
The lineages of chimpanzees and humans separated in a process of speciation between five to twelve million years ago, making them humanity's closest living relative. Research by Mary-Claire King in 1973 found 99 % identical DNA between human chimpanzees. For some time, research modified that finding to about 94% commonality, with some of the difference occurring in noncoding DNA, but more recent knowledge states the difference in DNA between humans and bonobos at just about 1%–1.2% again. The chimpanzee fossil record has long been absent and thought to have been due to the preservation bias in relation to their environment. However, in 2005, chimpanzee fossils were discovered and described by Sally McBrearty and colleagues. Existing chimpanzee populations in West and Central Africa are separate from the major human fossil sites in East Africa.