Paralympic alpine skiing is an adaptation of alpine skiing for athletes with a disability. The sport evolved from the efforts of disabled veterans in Germany and Austria during, the sport is governed by the International Paralympic Committee Sports Committee. The primary equipment used includes outrigger skis, sit-skis, and mono-skis, para-alpine skiing disciplines include the Downhill, Super-G, Giant Slalom, Slalom, Super Combined and Snowboard. Para-alpine skiing classification is the system for para-alpine skiing designed to insure fair competition between alpine skiers with different types of disabilities. The classifications are grouped into three general disability types, standing, blind and sitting, Alpine skiing was one of the foundation sports at the first Winter Paralympics in 1976 with Slalom and Giant Slalom events being held. Different disciplines were added to the Paralympic programme over time, the 2010 Winter Paralympics para-alpine skiing events were held at Whistler Creekside. The disciplines at Whistler included Downhill, Super-Combined, Super-G, Slalom, Skiing as a sport for people with disabilities traces its origins back to the Second World War, which produced large numbers of wounded soldiers. In Germany, Franz Wendel, an amputee who had lost a leg, by 1947, annual races were being held in Austria. Ludwig Guttman, a key figure in the history of paralympic sport, in the United States, Gretchen Fraser began teaching skiing to amputees in army hospitals. By the 1960s, a number of organisations had been founded, the first international competition, the World Disabled Alpine Championships, was held in France in 1974. Alpine skiing was one of the sports at the first Winter Paralympics in 1976 with Slalom. At the 1984 Winter Paralympics, the Downhill event was added to the para-alpine programme, at the 1992 Winter Paralympics in Albertville, Downhill, Giant and Slalom events were on the programme. At the 1994 Winter Paralympics, the Super Giant Slalom was added to the para-alpine skiing programme, in 1998, para-alpine skiing classes for sitting and visually impaired skiers were added as full medal events after only having standing classes competing in previous Games. At the 2002 Winter Paralympics, womens Downhill and mens visually impaired Downhill were held on day 1 with mens standing and sitting Downhill taking place on day 2. Mens standing and sitting Super-G took place on day 3, with mens visually impaired, mens standing and sitting Giant Slalom took place on day 7, with womens and mens visually impaired Giant Slalom taking place on day 8. Mens standing and sitting Slalom took place on day 9, with womens and mens visually impaired Slalom taking place on day 10, at those Games, in the Super-G, there were 55 male competitors compared to 18 women in the standing group. The 2010 Winter Paralympics para-alpine skiing events were held at Whistler Creekside, the disciplines at Whistler included Downhill, Super-Combined, Super-G, Slalom and Giant Slalom. It was the first time the super-combined was on the Paralympic programme, in the Downhill event, there were 25 men and 18 women in the standing class,25 men and 10 women in the sitting class and 12 men and 10 women in the vision impaired class
Talan Skeels-Piggins from Great Britain in the first run for the Men's Slalom (Sitting), at the Winter Paralympics 2010 in Vancouver, Canada.
Australian Paralympic athlete Rod Hacon at the 1994 Winter Games in Lillehammer
Image: Ddmm 88 Innsbruck Paralympic Games M.Milton 3b scanned photo