Paradiso is a Dutch music venue and cultural centre located in Amsterdam. It is housed in a converted former church building that dates from the nineteenth century and, used until 1965 as the meeting hall for a liberal Dutch religious group known as the "Vrije Gemeente", it is located on de Weteringschans, near the Leidseplein, one of the nightlife and tourism centers of the city. The main concert hall in the former church interior has high ceilings and two balcony rings overlooking the stage area, with three large illuminated church windows above the stage; the acoustics are rather echoey. In addition to the main concert hall, there are two smaller cafe stages, on an upper floor and in the basement. Paradiso was squatted by hippies in 1967 who wanted to convert the church to an entertainment and leisure club; the police ended the festivities the same year. In 1968, the city opened Paradiso as a publicly subsidized youth entertainment center. Along with the nearby Melkweg, it soon became synonymous with the hippie counterculture and the rock music of that era.
It was one of the first locations in which the sale of soft drugs was tolerated. From the mid-1970s, Paradiso became associated with punk and new wave music, although it continued to program a wide variety of artists. Starting in the late 1980s, raves and themed dance parties became frequent. In 1994, along with the Institute for Sonology and The ArtScience Interfaculty, initiated Sonic Acts together. In recent years, the venue has settled into an eclectic range of programming, besides rock, can include lectures, classical music, crossover artists. Long associated with clouds of tobacco and hashish smoke, Paradiso banned smoking in its public areas in 2008 in accordance with a nationwide ban on smoking in public venues. Artists who have recorded or filmed concerts at the Paradiso include Blondie, The Jam, The Police, The Killers, Pink Floyd, David Bowie, The Sex Pistols, The Rolling Stones, Amy Winehouse, Joe Jackson, Lady Gaga, Herman Brood, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Laibach, U2, Pearl Jam, Joy Division, Johnny Thunders, Patti Smith Group, John Cale, Chris Isaak, Kaizers Orchestra, Talking Heads, Omar & the Howlers, The Undertones, Duran Duran, The Cure, Golden Earring, Willie Nelson, Dexter Gordon, Arcade Fire, Bad Brains, Loudness, Soft Machine, The Sound, Emilíana Torrini, Link Wray, Lenny Kravitz, The Only Ones, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, Beth Hart, Dayna Kurtz, Dave Matthews, Suzanne Vega, Fiction Plane, Editors, Pain of Salvation, Riverside, Live, NITS, Ken Stringfellow, Public Enemy and The Roots, The Proclaimers.
Glen Matlock played his last gig with the Sex Pistols at Paradiso on 7 January 1977 until the reunion in 1996. On 23 May 1968, Pink Floyd performed a concert at the club venue containing songs from The Piper at the Gates of Dawn and A Saucerful of Secrets; the recording of "Interstellar Overdrive" can be found on the compilation album Cre/ation: The Early Years 1967–1972. On 26–27 May 1995, The Rolling Stones played two semi-acoustic concerts at the Paradiso. Scalped tickets sold for many thousands of dollars. Recorded tracks from these concerts were released on the Stones' Stripped album that year. Keith Richards said that the Paradiso concerts were the best live shows the Stones did. In the 1990s, the future of Paradiso became something of a political issue in Amsterdam, since there was some political resistance to the continuation of the subsidies that allowed the venue to operate in its central city location. More supporters have argued that the Paradiso subsidy is reasonable in comparison with subsidies given to other performance venues.
Xylophanes tersa, the tersa sphinx, is a moth of the family Sphingidae. The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1771, it is found from the United States, through Mexico, the West Indies and Central America and into parts of South America. An occasional stray can be found as far north as Canada; the wingspan is 60–80 mm. The upperside of the forewing is pale brown with lavender has dark brown lines; the upperside of the hindwing is dark brown with a band of wedge-shaped marks. Adults are on wing from May to October in the north and February to November farther south in the US, they fly year round in the tropics. There is one generation in the north and several generations farther south, in Florida and Louisiana, for example; the adults feed on the nectar of various flowers, including Lonicera, Mirabilis jalapa and Asystasia gangetica. The larvae feed on Borreria, Catalpa and Pentas species, Spermacoce glabra, Hamelia patens, Hedyotis nigricans, Heimia salicifolia, Psychotria microdon, Psychotria nervosa, Inga vera.
Xylophanes tersa chaconi De Marmels, Clavijo & Chacín, 1996 Xylophanes tersa tersa Xylophanes tersa tersa. Sphingidae of the Americas. Lotts, Kelly & Naberhaus, Thomas. "Tersa Sphinx Xylophanes tersa". Butterflies and Moths of North America. Retrieved November 26, 2018
Panthir was an Aetos-class destroyer which served in the Hellenic Royal Navy from 1912–1946. The ship, along with her three sister ships Ierax and Aetos, had been ordered by Argentina from the English shipyard Cammell Laird in Birkenhead. Panthir was named Santiago del Estero, they were purchased in 1912 by Greece, ready for delivery, each for the sum of £148,000, when the Balkan Wars seemed likely. Accepted by Captain Ath. Miaoulis, RHN in Palermo, where she arrived manned by a foreign crew. During the Balkan Wars, the Royal Hellenic Navy purchased only the minimum amount of ammunition, 3,000 rounds of torpedoes. Torpedoes were not available for this class of ship, for this reason these ships were named'scouts' rather than'destroyers'. During World War I, Greece belatedly entered the war on the side of the Triple Entente and, due to Greece's neutrality the four Aetos-class ships were seized by the Allies in October 1916, taken over by the French in November, served in the French Navy from 1917-18.
By 1918, they were back on escort duty under Greek colors in the Aegean Sea. In 1919-1920, she participated in the operations in Southern Russia evacuating Greek refugees from the Russian Civil War with the battleships Kilkis and Lemnos and the destroyer Leon, remaining for 263 days in the Black Sea. During the Asia Minor war, she took part in the blockade of the Asia Minor coasts. After the war, Panthir was refurbished from 1925–1927, she participated in the Second World War, after surviving the German invasion of April, 1941, Panthir was based in the Indian Ocean. Between May and October, 1942, her armament was updated in Bombay enabling her to offer better anti-aircraft protection and anti-surface capabilities on her new missions. After the end of World War II, Panthir was stricken in 1946. History of the Hellenic Navy