Paramount, Yolo County, California
A post office operated at Paramount from 1916 to 1919.
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A post office operated at Paramount from 1916 to 1919.
|This Yolo County, California-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
1. Yolo County, California – Yolo County, officially the County of Yolo, is a county located in the northern portion of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 200,849, Yolo County is included in the Sacramento-Roseville-Arden-Arcade, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is located in the Sacramento Valley, much of Yolo County remains a relatively rural agricultural region. In the original act of 1850 the name was spelled Yola, Yolo is a Native American name variously believed to be a corruption of a tribal name Yo-loy meaning a place abounding in rushes or of the name of the chief, Yodo, or of the village of Yodoi. Yolo County was one of the counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. The county is governed by a board of five district supervisors as well as the governments of its four incorporated cities, Davis, West Sacramento, Winters, and Woodland. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 1,024 square miles. Transportation in Yolo County is based on a system of numbered county roads, the numbering system works in the following way, North–south roads have numbers from 41 to 117 and increase from west to east. East–west roads have numbers from 1 to 38A, and then from 151 to 161, each integer road number is generally one mile apart, with letters designating occasional roads less than one mile apart. County roads entering urban areas generally are named once they cross the city boundary, some examples include County Road 101 in Woodland being renamed Pioneer Ave and County Road 102 in Davis being named Pole Line Road. Yolobus runs buses throughout Yolo County and into Sacramento, and Sacramento International Airport, the University of California, Davis and the city of Davis jointly run Unitrans, a combination local city bus and campus shuttle. Fairfield-Suisun Transit Line 30 also stops in Davis on its runs between Fairfield and Sacramento, amtrak has a station in Davis. It is 79 nautical miles northeast of San Francisco, and is centered in the California Central Valley, the following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense. Yolo is a strongly Democratic county in Presidential and congressional elections, the last Republican Presidential candidate to win a majority in the county was Dwight Eisenhower in 1952, which is the longest drought for Republicans in any California county. However, some Republican Governors have carried Yolo county since then, in the United States House of Representatives, Yolo County is split between Californias 3rd and 6th congressional districts, represented by John Garamendi and Doris Matsui, respectively. In the California State Senate, the county is split between the 3rd and 6th Senate districts, represented by Bill Dodd and Richard Pan, respectively. In the California State Assembly, the county is split between the 4th and 7th Assembly districts, represented by Cecilia Aguiar-Curry and Kevin McCarty, respectively. In November 2008, Yolo was one of just three counties in Californias interior in which voters rejected Proposition 8 to ban gay marriage, Yolo voters rejected Proposition 8 by 58.4 percent to 41.6 percent
2. California – California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon, Nevada, and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California also has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire then claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence. The western portion of Alta California then was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, government, real estate services, technology, and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups also were diverse in their organization with bands, tribes, villages. Trade, intermarriage and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years later English explorer Francis Drake also explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
3. Woodland, California – The population was 55,468 at the 2010 census. Woodlands origins trace back to 1850 when California gained its statehood, since the town started growing in population and resources, it has not stopped. The area was well irrigated due to the efforts of James Moore, the endeavor was successful as people found the soil in the area very fertile. The city gained a federal post office and the year the county seat was moved from Washington to Woodland after Washington was flooded. The addition of a line, the close proximity to Sacramento. Before the settlement of the area by people of European descent, the Woodland area was inhabited by the Patwin, there are two main groups of Patwin, River and Coastal Patwin. Woodlands indigenous roots stem from the River Patwin who tended to stay closer to the Sacramento River, as opposed to the Coastal Patwin who lived in valleys in hills. The Yolotoi, a tribelet of the Patwin, occupied area near Woodland, although they didnt have a permanent settlement in present-day Woodland, it is believed that the River Patwin occupied the Woodland area in seasonal camps for hunting and seed gathering. The Yolotoi and their neighboring tribelets had a main trading trail which followed Cache Creek, however, it has been found that some of the first farm hands in the earliest farms in Woodland were the Patwin people. In 1851, the year after California became a state and Yolo County was formed, Uncle Johnny Morris settled in what is now the corner of First, two years later Henry Wyckoff arrived and built a store he named Yolo City. This new Yolo City might have stayed a singular store if Frank S. Freeman had not bought it, Freeman began to develop a town that he hoped would be a trading center for one of the richest crop-growing areas in America. He was giving land to anyone who would clear it and build their home on it, in 1859, Freeman suggested to the post office that the town be called Woodland and the post office accepted. Later, on July 5,1861, the Woodland Post Office was established and he lost no time in further developing the town by leasing or selling buildings for businesses to use. The 1860s were a time of opportunity for Woodland, the county seat was permanently moved to Woodland after Washington, California had flooded. Schools, homes, churches, and a cemetery were built at this time, the towns newspaper, the Daily Democrat, and a post office were established, and a rail line was built. In 1869, the California Pacific Railroad Company constructed a line between Davisville and Marysville with a Woodland station in the area of College Street and Lincoln Avenue, the rail line expanded and was eventually acquired by Southern Pacific Railroad. The track was relocated from College Street to East Street. The addition of the railroad is what led to the expansion of Woodland as a town, before the railroad came, people were building primarily on Main Street and northward
4. International Standard Book Number – The International Standard Book Number is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, the method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering created in 1966, the 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108. Occasionally, a book may appear without a printed ISBN if it is printed privately or the author does not follow the usual ISBN procedure, however, this can be rectified later. Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number, identifies periodical publications such as magazines, the ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 in the United Kingdom by David Whitaker and in 1968 in the US by Emery Koltay. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108, the United Kingdom continued to use the 9-digit SBN code until 1974. The ISO on-line facility only refers back to 1978, an SBN may be converted to an ISBN by prefixing the digit 0. For example, the edition of Mr. J. G. Reeder Returns, published by Hodder in 1965, has SBN340013818 -340 indicating the publisher,01381 their serial number. This can be converted to ISBN 0-340-01381-8, the check digit does not need to be re-calculated, since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format that is compatible with Bookland European Article Number EAN-13s. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an ebook, a paperback, and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, a 13-digit ISBN can be separated into its parts, and when this is done it is customary to separate the parts with hyphens or spaces. Separating the parts of a 10-digit ISBN is also done with either hyphens or spaces, figuring out how to correctly separate a given ISBN number is complicated, because most of the parts do not use a fixed number of digits. ISBN issuance is country-specific, in that ISBNs are issued by the ISBN registration agency that is responsible for country or territory regardless of the publication language. Some ISBN registration agencies are based in national libraries or within ministries of culture, in other cases, the ISBN registration service is provided by organisations such as bibliographic data providers that are not government funded. In Canada, ISBNs are issued at no cost with the purpose of encouraging Canadian culture. In the United Kingdom, United States, and some countries, where the service is provided by non-government-funded organisations. Australia, ISBNs are issued by the library services agency Thorpe-Bowker
5. County seat – A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in the United States, Canada, Romania, China, in the United Kingdom and Ireland, county towns have a similar function. In the United States, counties are the subdivisions of a state. Depending on the state, counties may provide services to the public, impose taxes. Some types of subdivisions, such as townships, may be incorporated or unincorporated. The city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county, a county seat is usually, but not always, an incorporated municipality. The exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia, likewise, some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, in some of the colonial states, county seats include or formerly included Court House as part of their name. Most counties have only one county seat, an example is Harrison County, Mississippi, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats. The practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days when travel was difficult, there have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states, Coffee County, for example, the official county seat is Greensboro, but an additional courthouse has been located in nearby High Point since 1938. For example, Clearwater is the county seat of Pinellas County, Florida, in New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government. Historically, counties in this region have served mainly as dividing lines for the judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of government and thus no county seats, in Vermont, Massachusetts, and Maine the county seats are legally designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the shire town. Bennington County has two towns, but the Sheriff is located in Bennington. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town governments. As such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county
6. Davis, California – Davis is a city in the U. S. state of California and the most populous city in Yolo County. It had a population of 65,622 in 2010, not including the population of the University of California, Davis. The city is a suburb of Californias capital, Sacramento, Davis grew into a Southern Pacific Railroad depot built in 1868. It was then known as Davisville, named after Jerome C, however, the post office at Davisville shortened the town name simply to Davis in 1907. The name stuck, and the city of Davis was incorporated on March 28,1917, from its inception as a farming community, Davis has been known for its contributions to agricultural policy along with veterinary care and animal husbandry. The farm, later renamed the Northern Branch of the College of Agriculture in 1922, was upgraded into the seventh UC general campus, the University of California, Davis, in 1959. Davis is located in Yolo County, California,11 mi west of Sacramento,70 mi northeast of San Francisco,385 mi north of Los Angeles, at the intersection of Interstate 80, neighboring towns include Dixon, Winters, and Woodland. Davis lies in the Sacramento Valley, the portion of the Central San Joaquin Valley, in Northern California. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 10.5 square miles. 10.4 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water, the topography is flat, which has helped Davis to become known as a haven for bicyclists. The Davis climate resembles that of nearby Sacramento and is typical of Californias Central Valley Mediterranean climate regime, dry, hot summers and cool, rainy and it is classified as a Köppen Csa climate. Average temperatures range from 46 °F in December and January to 75 °F in July, thick ground fog called tule fog settles into Davis during late fall and winter. This fog can be dense with visibility to nearly zero, as in other areas of northern California, the tule fog is a leading cause of road accidents in the winter season. Record temperatures range from a high of 116 °F on July 17,1925, Davis is internally divided by two freeways, a north–south railroad, an east-west mainline and several major streets. The city is divided into six main districts made up of smaller neighborhoods, Central Davis, north of Fifth Street and Russell Boulevard. East of SR113, and west of the tracks running along G Street. Within these boundaries is the officially denoted neighborhood of Old North Davis, Downtown Davis, roughly the numbered-and-lettered grid north of I-80, south of Fifth Street, east of A Street, and west of the railroad tracks, including the Aggie Village and Olive Drive areas. East Davis, north of I-80, south of Covell Blvd. North Davis, north of Covell Blvd
7. West Sacramento, California – West Sacramento is a city in Yolo County, California. It is contiguous with Sacramento, but is separated by the Sacramento River which is also the county line and it is a fast-growing community, the population was 48,744 at the 2010 census, up from 31,615 at the 2000 census. The traditional industrial center of the region since the Gold Rush era, the United States Conference of Mayors named West Sacramento as the Most Livable City in America in 2014 in the category of cities with fewer than 100,000 residents. West Sacramento is part of the Sacramento–Arden Arcade–Roseville Metropolitan Statistical Area which has a population of approximately 1,796,857, major industries to the region include agriculture, government, and transportation. In 1844, John Schwartz, a Flemish traveler, was the first Euro-American to permanently settle in the area of West Sacramento and he built a shack on the west bank of the Sacramento River six miles south of its connection with the American River. John, with the help of his brother George, founded a salmon fishery along the river, in addition to the fishery, they also found the soil to be fertile and began farming and raising livestock. The announcement of the discovery of gold at Sutters Mill in 1848 brought a multitude of miners to the region and this also coincided with the end of the Mexican-American War. In 1846, a man named James McDowell bought 600 acres from John Schwartz, with his wife, Margaret, and their three daughters, McDowell settled in the area we know today as Broderick. The McDowell family experienced first-hand the violence that the gold rush era brought with it, in May 1849, James McDowell was shot and killed in a barroom argument that he had supposedly started. With the loss of the supporter of the McDowell family. In October 1849, Margaret hired a surveyor to map out 160 acres. She sold individual lots within this area which she named the Town of Washington. The first lot was sold to August W. Kaye for $500, during its first ten years, the rural Town of Washington went through a significant increase in business development and shipping activity. One of the first businesses to be established in the town was the California Steam Navigation Company, other businesses in early Washington included hotels, saloons, and restaurants catering to the needs of people passing through. Many of the making the treacherous journey through the marshlands on their way to Sacramento were appreciative of the rest stop at the Town of Washington. While Sacramento began to urbanize on the side of the river. Salmon, sturgeon, catfish, eel, crayfish, and clams proved to be lucrative in this region as fisherman soon found, the river settlement was flourishing, stocking fish markets not only in Sacramento, but in San Francisco as well. In addition, the soil of the valley produced abundant crops of com, melons, cucumbers
8. Winters, California – Winters is a city in rural Yolo County, California, located along Interstate 505 and Putah Creek. The estimated population of Winters was 7,034 as of July 2015 and it is part of the Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Yuba City, CA-NV Combined Statistical Area. Winters is nearly 30 miles from Sacramento and about 60 miles from San Francisco, California. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 2.9 square miles. Winters has hot, mostly dry summers and cool, wet winters, according to the Köppen climate classification system, Winters has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate. Average January temperatures are a maximum of 55.2 °F, average July temperatures are a maximum of 96.7 °F and a minimum of 59.8 °F. There are an average of 102.0 days with highs of 90 °F or higher, the record high temperature was 115 °F on June 16,1961, and July 14,1972. The record low temperature was 15 °F on December 23,1990, average annual precipitation is 21.94 inches. There are an average of 64 days with measurable precipitation, the wettest year was 1983 with 47.12 inches and the driest year was 1976 with 6.60 inches. The most rainfall in one month was 17.21 inches in January 1995, the most rainfall in 24 hours was 7.25 inches on March 29,1907. Snowfall is a rarity in Winters, but 3.3 inches fell in January 1973 and 1.0 inch fell in December 1988, Winters post office was established in 1875. The name honors Theodore Winters, who provided half of the towns land, another important early pioneer, John Reid Wolfskill, started the agricultural development of the Sacramento Valley here, planting orchards and vineyards in 1842. In 1935, Wolfskills heirs deeded 100 acres of the Wolfskill Ranch in Winters to the University of California, Davis, the land was to be used for an experimental orchard. According to Winters 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are, the population density was 2,255.2 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Winters was 4,635 White,43 African American,56 Native American,63 Asian,7 Pacific Islander,1,488 from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,469 persons. The Census reported that 6,618 people lived in households,6 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, there were 123 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 16 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 365 households were made up of individuals and 134 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 3.03. There were 1,711 families, the family size was 3.40