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Paranoid schizophrenia

Paranoid schizophrenia was long diagnosed as the most common type of schizophrenia, but this sub-type is no longer used in the United States since the 2013 change in the DSM-V that classifies the range of symptoms of former sub-types all under "schizophrenia". Schizophrenia is defined as "a chronic mental disorder in which a person is withdrawn from reality". Prior to 2013 schizophrenia had been divided into subtypes based on the "predominant symptomatology at the time of evaluation"; the subtypes were classified as: paranoid, catatonic and residual type. However, they are not separate diagnoses, cannot predict the progression of the mental illness; this disorder is considered dominated by stable and persecutory delusions that are accompanied by hallucinations of the auditory variety, perceptual disturbances. These symptoms can have a huge effect on a person's functioning and can negatively affect their quality of life. Paranoid schizophrenia is a lifelong disorder, but with proper treatment, a person with the illness can attain a higher quality of life.

Although these two symptoms are pronounced in what had been defined as paranoid schizophrenia, this type lacks certain symptoms common to the other forms. The following symptoms are not prominent: "disorganized speech, disorganized or catatonic behavior and flat or inappropriate affect"; those symptoms are present in another form of disorganized-type schizophrenia. The criteria for diagnosing paranoid schizophrenia must be present from at least one to six months; this helps to differentiate schizophrenia from other mental disorders, such as bipolar disorder. In the United States, paranoid schizophrenia is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, but was dropped from the 5th Edition in 2013, along with the other four subtypes of schizophrenia; the five subtypes of schizophrenia were eliminated from the DSM by the American Psychiatric Association due to the lack of clear distinction among the subtypes and low validity of classification. Targeted treatment and treatment response vary from patient to patient, depending on his or her symptoms.

Treatment options must be based on the severity of the symptoms in the patient. Paranoid schizophrenia manifests itself in an array of symptoms. Common symptoms for paranoid schizophrenia include paranoid delusions. Two symptoms have been defined as separating this form of schizophrenia from other forms. One such criterion is delusion. A delusion is a belief, held even when the evidence shows otherwise; some common delusions associated with paranoid schizophrenia include "believing that someone is monitoring every move you make, or that a co-worker is poisoning your lunch. In all but rare cases, these beliefs are irrational, can cause the person holding them to behave abnormally. Another frequent type of delusion is a delusion of grandeur, or the "fixed, false belief that one possesses superior qualities such as genius, omnipotence, or wealth". Common ones include "the belief that you can fly, that you're famous, or that you have a relationship with a famous person". Another criterion present in patients with paranoid schizophrenia is auditory hallucinations, in which the person hears voices or sounds that are not present.

The patient will sometimes hear multiple voices and the voices can either be talking to the patient or to one another. These voices can influence the patient to behave in a particular manner. Researchers at the Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research provide the following description: "They may make ongoing criticisms of what you're thinking or doing, or make cruel comments about your real or imagined faults. Voices may command you to do things that can be harmful to yourself or to others." A patient exhibiting these auditory hallucinations may be observed "talking to them" because the person believes that the voices represent people who are present. Early diagnosis is critical for the successful treatment of schizophrenia. According to the DSM-5, in order to be diagnosed with schizophrenia an individual must express at least two of the common symptoms for a minimum of six months. Symptoms include but are not limited to delusions, disorganized speech, disorganized behavior; as stated, the DSM no longer recognizes any distinct subtypes of schizophrenia, including paranoid schizophrenia, due to their lack of validity.

In previous editions of the DSM, paranoid schizophrenia was differentiated by the presence of hallucinations and delusions involving the perception of persecution or grandiosity in one's beliefs about the world. With the removal of the subtypes of schizophrenia in the DSM-5, paranoid schizophrenia will no longer be used as a diagnostic category. If a person expresses symptoms of schizophrenia, including symptoms associated with paranoid schizophrenia, they will be diagnosed with schizophrenia and be treated accordingly. According to the Mayo Clinic in 2013, before the subtype was dropped from the DSM, paranoid schizophrenia should be treated as early as possible and the person should maintain the treatment throughout life. Continuing treatment will help keep the serious symptoms under control and allow the person to lead a more fulfilling life. While the illness is not preventable, it is important that the disorder be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible; some common signs to be aware of are changes in mood, lack of motivation, irregular sleep, disorganized behavior.

Schizophrenia has a strong he

Video camera

A video camera is a camera used for electronic motion picture acquisition developed for the television industry but now common in other applications as well. Video cameras are used in two modes; the first, characteristic of much early broadcasting, is live television, where the camera feeds real time images directly to a screen for immediate observation. A few cameras still serve live television production, but most live connections are for security, military/tactical, industrial operations where surreptitious or remote viewing is required. In the second mode the images are recorded to a storage device for further processing. Recorded video is used in television production, more surveillance and monitoring tasks in which unattended recording of a situation is required for analysis. Modern video cameras have numerous designs and use: Professional video cameras, such as those used in television production, maybe television studio-based or mobile in the case of an electronic field production; such cameras offer fine-grained manual control for the camera operator to the exclusion of automated operation.

They use three sensors to separately record red and blue. Camcorders combine a VCR or other recording device in one unit. Since the transition to digital video cameras, most cameras have in-built recording media and as such are camcorders. Action cameras have 360° recording capabilities. Closed-circuit television uses pan–tilt–zoom cameras, for security, and/or monitoring purposes; such cameras are designed to be small hidden, able to operate unattended. Webcams are video cameras. Many smartphones have built-in video cameras and high-end smartphones can capture video in 4K resolution. Special camera systems are used for scientific research, e.g. on board a satellite or a space probe, in artificial intelligence and robotics research, in medical use. Such cameras are tuned for non-visible radiation for infrared or X-ray. Cameras are the first time traveling devices created: Watching something from the past is easier ever and it is time traveling. Cameras and Television have brought time travel to the world.

It's visual and emotional, but impossible to change. The past is the past. Go anywhere at any time as an observer. Sleeping is the closest to time traveling into the future; the earliest photographic cameras were based on the mechanical Nipkow disk and used in experimental broadcasts through the 1910s–1930s. All-electronic designs based on the video camera tube, such as Vladimir Zworykin's Iconoscope and Philo Farnsworth's image dissector, supplanted the Nipkow system by the 1930s; these remained in wide use until the 1980s, when cameras based on solid-state image sensors such as the charge-coupled device and CMOS active-pixel sensor eliminated common problems with tube technologies such as image burn-in and made digital video workflow practical. The basis for solid-state image sensors is metal-oxide-semiconductor technology, which originates from the invention of the MOSFET at Bell Labs in 1959; this led to the development of semiconductor image sensors, including the CCD and the CMOS active-pixel sensor.

The first semiconductor image sensor was the charge-coupled device, invented at Bell Labs in 1969, based on MOS capacitor technology. The NMOS active-pixel sensor was invented at Olympus in 1985, which led to the development of the CMOS active-pixel sensor at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in 1993. Practical digital video cameras were enabled by advances in video compression, due to the impractically high memory and bandwidth requirements of uncompressed video; the most important compression algorithm in this regard is the discrete cosine transform, a lossy compression technique, first proposed in 1972. Practical digital video cameras were enabled by DCT-based video compression standards, including the H.26x and MPEG video coding standards introduced from 1988 onwards. The transition to digital television gave a boost to digital video cameras. By the early 21st century, most video cameras were digital cameras. With the advent of digital video capture, the distinction between professional video cameras and movie cameras has disappeared as the intermittent mechanism has become the same.

Nowadays, mid-range cameras used for television and other work are termed professional video cameras. Digital single-lens reflex camera FireWire camera Professional video camera Recording at the edge Television production Three-CCD Video camera tube Videograph Videotelephony Webcam Media related to Video cameras at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of video camera at Wiktionary


Hermonax was a Greek vase painter working in the red-figure style. He painted between c. 440 BC in Athens. Ten vases signed with the phrase "Hermonax has painted it" survive stamnoi and lekythoi, he is a painter of large pots, though some cups survive. Forming the beginning of the'early classic' generation of vase-painters, Hermonax was a pupil of the Berlin Painter and a contemporary of the Providence Painter. Sir John Beazley attributed just over 150 vases to his hand, his work has been found all over the ancient Greek world from Marseille to Southern Russia. Hermonax entered the Berlin Painter's workshop towards its end; as a pupil of the Berlin Painter Hermonax adopted the practice of painting large figural scenes on large vessels. His meander patterns, unlike those of his master, can be careless, as with the Providence Painter. A characteristic of his style is his depiction of the eyes with a convex top; the largest share of Hermonax' surviving work depicts Dionysiac themes. As Beazley states, "Sound and able as Hermonax's work is, he only once shows himself a remarkable artist, and, not on any of his signed vases, but on the Munich stamnos...with the Birth of Erichthonios - Hauser has pointed out what was modern in that vase when it was painted.

As the'brother' of the Providence Painter, he is seen as less technically proficient. Adria, Museo Civicofragments of a bowl B 34 • fragments of a bowl B 296 • fragments of a bowl B 785Agrigento, Museo Archeologico RegionalelekythosAltenburg, Staatliches Lindenau-Museumamphora 289 • oinochoe 297Ancona, Museo Archeologico Nazionaletwo fragments of different bowlsArgos, Archaeological Museumbell krater C 909Athens, Agora Museumfragment of a loutrophoros P 15018 • hydria P 25101 • fragment of a stamnos P 25357 • fragment P 25357 A • fragment of a krater P 30017 • fragment of a bell krater P 30019 • fragment of a bowl CP 11948 • fragment of a lekythos P 30065 • fragment of a hydria P 30134 • fragments of a pelike P 8959Athens, Acropolis Museumfragments of several loutrophoroiAthens, National Archaeological Museumfragment 2.692 • lekythos 1632Baltimore, Walters Art Museumamphora 48.55Barcelona, Museo Arqueologicolekythos 581 • fragment of a bowl 4233.6Basel, Antikenmuseum Basel and Sammlung Ludwigpelike BS 483 • oinochoe KA 430Berne, Historisches Museumpelike 26454Bologna, Museo Civico Archeologicooinochoe 344Boston, Museum of Fine Artsstamnos 01.8031Boulogne, Musée Communalamphora 125Bristol, City Museumhydria H 4631Brussels, Musées Royaux des Beaux-Artspelike A 1579 • hydria A 3098Bryn Mawr, Bryn Mawr Collegefragment of a bowl P 199 • fragment of a bowl P 209 • fragment of a bowl P 989Cambridge, Harvard University, Arthur M. Sackler Museumfragment of a bowl 1995.18.42Catania, Museo Civicohydria 706Chicago, University of Chicagopelike 171Christchurch, University of CanterburyamphoraCologne, Cologne Universityamphora 308Columbia, Museum of Art & Archeologyamphora 83.187Corinth, Archaeological Museumfragment of a krater C 66.40Dresden, Albertinumfragment of a bowlFerrara, Museo Nazionale di Spinaoinochoe 2461 • oinochoe B 31.5.1958 • lekanis T0 • oinochoe T 216 CVP • oinochoe T 607 • oinochoe T 897Florence, Museo Archeologico Etruscofragment of a stamnos 14B5 • fragment 14B53 • stamnos 3995 • fragment of a stamnos PD 421Gela, Museo Archeologicolekythos N 115Glasgow, Museum & Art Gallerypelike 1883.32AGotha, Schlossmuseumamphora 50Göttingen, Georg-August-Universitätfragment of a bowl H 74Hartford, Wadsworth Atheneumlekythos 1930.184Heidelberg, Ruprecht-Karls-Universitätfragment of a stamnos 170 • pelike 171 • fragment of a lekythos 172 • fragment of a bowl 173Innsbruck, Universityfragment of a bowl II.12.66 • fragment of a bowl II.12.67Istanbul, Archaeology Museumfragment A 33.2322 • fragment of a bowl A 33.2350Karlsruhe, Badisches Landesmuseumfragment of a bowl 69.35C • two fragments of a bowl 86.360 A-B • fragment of a bowl 69.35 CKassel, Museum Schloß Wilhelmshöheamphora T 696Lancut, Castle Museumneck amphora S 8176London, British Museumamphora E 312 • pelike E 371 • pelike P 374 • stamnos E 445London, Victoria & Albert Museumhydria 4816.1858Los Angeles, County Museum of Artpelike A 5933.50.41Madrid, Museo Arqueológico Nacionalamphora 11098 • amphora L 172Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg Universitätfragment of a pelike 144Manchester, City Art Gallery & Museumpelike III.

I.41Mannheim, Reiss-Museumstamnos 59Marseilles, Musée Borelystamnos 1630 • pelike 3592 • pelike 7023Melfi, Museo Nazionale del Melfeseamphora Metaponto, Museo Civicoamphora 20113Montreal, Museum of Fine Artsfragment of a bowl RS 470Moscow, Pushkin Museumamphora 601 • amphora 1071 Munich and Antikensammlungstamnos 2413 • lekythos 2477 • lekythos 2478Münster, Archaeological Museum of Münster Universitylekythos 668Naples, Museo Archeologico Nazionaleamphora 81481 • amphora H 3385 • pelike SP 2028Naples, Palazzo di San Nicandro pelikeNew York, Metropolitan Museum of Artlekythos 26.60.77 • lekythos 41.162.19 • bowl 1972.70.2 • fragment of a bowl 1972.257 • fragment of a bowl 1973.175.4A-BNorwich, Castle Museumamphora 36.96Orvieto, Museo Civico bowl 43 • lekythos 66 AOxford, Ashmolean Museumamphora 1966.500Paestum, Museo Archeologico Nazionaleoinochoe 57799Palermo, Collezione Collisaniamphora R 33Palermo, Museo Archeologico Regionalelekythos 1445 • lekythos V 672Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Cabinet des Médailleslekythos 489Paris, Musée National du Louvrepelike CP 10765 • fragment of a pelike CP 10766 • bowl CP 10955 • fragment of a pelike CP 11060 • frag

Baker Gurvitz Army

Baker Gurvitz Army were an English rock group. Their self-titled debut album featured a blend of hard rock laced with Ginger Baker's jazz- and Afrobeat-influenced drumming; the lengthy "Mad Jack" was that album's outstanding track, the album hit the US Billboard 200 chart, peaked at number 22 in the UK Albums Chart. The two following albums contained similar material, although neither charted in the UK nor the US; when Cream split up in 1968, Ginger Baker was invited to join Blind Faith, which formed the following year. This was not such a successful venture and following its demise, Baker put together his own outfit, Ginger Baker's Air Force, in 1970. Things did not go too well for Baker after the demise of that band. Former The Gun and Three Man Army members, brothers Paul and Adrian Gurvitz were looking for a new way ahead after early successes, so they joined forces with Baker in 1974. In their first year they recorded one live and one studio album, following with two more studio albums, Elysian Encounter and Hearts On Fire.

However, the death of their manager led to the band breaking up in 1976. In 2003, a compilation album, Flying In And Out Of Stardom, was released, including four new live songs. Baker Gurvitz Army Elysian Encounter Hearts On Fire Live In Derby'75 Live Live Live Still Alive Flying In & Out Of Stardom - The Anthology Ginger Baker: drums Adrian Gurvitz: guitar, vocals Paul Gurvitz: bass guitar, backing vocals Mr Snips a.k.a. Stephen W. Parsons: lead vocals Peter Lemer: keyboards Baker Gurvitz Army article from the official Ginger Baker archive

Creme Yvette

Creme Yvette called Creme d'Yvette or Creme de Yvette, is a proprietary liqueur made from parma violet petals with blackberries, red raspberries, wild strawberries and cassis, orange peel and vanilla. It was once manufactured by Charles Jacquin et Cie in Philadelphia, who purchased the brand made by Sheffield Company of Connecticut, it became impossible to find after production stopped in 1969. The liqueur was, however resurrected by Rob Cooper, the creator of St-Germain elderflower liqueur. In the fall of 2009, 40 years after it stopped production, Charles Jacquin et Cie revived the liqueur. According to Martha Stewart's Living magazine, March 2010, "Creme Yvette, a 100-year-old violet liqueur, has been rereleased. Blending fresh berries, vanilla and violet petals, the purple liqueur has an understated sweetness that comes alive when mixed with sparkling wine." Most drinks calling for Creme Yvette can be made using creme de violette. Vintage Violet Cocktails Make a Comeback - Violets popping up all over this season - by Lauren Viera, Chicago Tribune

White-headed petrel

The white-headed petrel known as the white-headed fulmar is a species of seabird in the petrel family, or Procellariidae. Its length is about 400 mm. White-headed petrels breed alone or in colonies in burrows dug among tussocks and herbfields on subantarctic islands, they appear to feed pelagically on crustaceans. The white-headed petrel distinct with a pale white head, prominent dark eye patch, it long pointed tail. Upper surface is pale grey, contrasting with darker grey on the upper wings and the rump; the underside is white. The bill is stout black with a large sharp hook. Gren glands are prominent; the legs are pinkish to whitish with black patches on the toes. The calls are higher pitched shrill whistles ti-ti-ti or wik-wik-wik and lower pitched moans ooo-er and or-wik sounds. Marchant and Higgins.. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds. Vol.1. Oxford University Press: Melbourne. BirdLife Species Factsheet