Tor Books is the primary imprint of Tom Doherty Associates, a publishing company based in New York City. It publishes science fiction and fantasy titles, publishes the online science fiction magazine Tor.com. Tor was founded by Tom Doherty in 1980. Tor is a word from Old English meaning the peak of a rocky hill or mountain, as depicted in Tor's logo. Tor Books was sold to St. Martin's Press in 1987. Along with St. Martin's Press. Tor is the primary imprint of Tom Doherty Associates. There is the Forge imprint that publishes an array of fictional titles, including historical novels and thrillers. Tor Books publishes two imprints for young readers: Starscape and Tor Teen. Tor Books has the Tor.com imprint that focuses on short works such as novellas, shorter novels and serializations. A United Kingdom sister imprint, Tor UK exists and specializes in science fiction and horror, while publishing young-adult crossover fiction based on computer-game franchises. Tor UK maintained an open submission policy, which ended in January 2013.
Orb Books publishes science-fiction classics such as A. E. Van Vogt's Slan. Tor Teen publishes young-adult novels such as Cory Doctorow's Little Brother and repackages novels such as Orson Scott Card's Ender's Game for younger readers. Tor Labs produces podcasts. A German sister imprint, Fischer Tor, was founded in August 2016 as an imprint of S. Fischer Verlag, it publishes international titles translated into German, as well as original German works. Fischer Tor publishes the German online magazine Tor Online, based on the same concept as the English Tor.com online magazine, but has its own independent content. Authors published by Tor and Forge include Kevin J. Anderson, Steven Brust, Orson Scott Card, Jonathan Carroll, Charles de Lint, Philip K. Dick, Cory Doctorow, Steven Erikson, Terry Goodkind, Steven Gould, Brian Herbert, Glen Hirshberg, Robert Jordan, Andre Norton, Harold Robbins, Brandon Sanderson, John Scalzi, V. E. Schwab, Skyler White, Gene Wolfe. Tor UK has published authors such as Douglas Adams, Rjurik Davidson, Amanda Hocking, China Miéville, Adam Nevill, Adrian Tchaikovsky.
Tor publishes a range of its works as e-books and, in 2012, Doherty announced that his imprints would sell only DRM-free e-books by July of that year. One year Tor stated that the removal of DRM had not harmed its e-book business, so they would continue selling them DRM-free. In July 2018, Macmillan Publishers and Tor announced that Tor's e-books would no longer be made available for libraries to purchase and lend to borrowers, via digital distribution services such as OverDrive, until four months after their initial publication date; the company cited the "direct and adverse impact" of electronic lending on retail eBook sales, but suggested that the change was part of a "test program" and could be reevaluated. Tor won the Locus Magazine poll for best science fiction publisher in 29 consecutive years from 1988 to 2016 inclusive. In March 2014, Worlds Without End listed Tor as the second-most awarded and nominated publisher of science fiction and horror books, after Gollancz. At that time, Tor had received 316 nominations and 54 wins for 723 published novels, written by 197 authors.
In the following year, Tor surpassed Gollancz to become the top publisher on the list. By March 2018, Tor's record had increased to 579 nominations and 111 wins, across 16 tracked awards given in the covered genres, with a total of 2,353 published novels written by 576 authors. Official website Official website Official website Tor.com community site Tor Online community site Tor Books profile at Reason, December 2008
A biographical film, or biopic, is a film that dramatizes the life of a non-fictional or historically-based person or people. Such films show the life of a historical person and the central character's real name is used, they differ from films "based on a true story" or "historical drama films" in that they attempt to comprehensively tell a single person's life story or at least the most important years of their lives. Because the figures portrayed are actual people, whose actions and characteristics are known to the public, biopic roles are considered some of the most demanding of actors and actresses. Ben Kingsley, Johnny Depp, Jim Carrey, Jamie Foxx all gained new-found respect as dramatic actors after starring in biopics: Ben Kingsley as Mahatma Gandhi in Gandhi, Depp as Ed Wood in Ed Wood, Carrey as Andy Kaufman in Man on the Moon, Foxx as Ray Charles in Ray, Eddie Redmayne as Stephen Hawking in The Theory of Everything. In rare cases, sometimes called auto biopics, the subject of the film plays himself or herself: Jackie Robinson in The Jackie Robinson Story.
Biopic scholars include George F. Custen of the College of Staten Island and Dennis P. Bingham of Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis. Custen, in Bio/Pics: How Hollywood Constructed Public History, regards the genre as having died with the Hollywood studio era, in particular, Darryl F. Zanuck. On the other hand, Bingham's 2010 study Whose Lives Are They Anyway? The Biopic as Contemporary Film Genre shows how it perpetuates as a codified genre using many of the same tropes used in the studio era that has followed a similar trajectory as that shown by Rick Altman in his study, Film/Genre. Bingham addresses the male biopic and the female biopic as distinct genres from each other, the former dealing with great accomplishments, the latter dealing with female victimization. Ellen Cheshire's Bio-Pics: a life in pictures examines UK/US films from the 1990s and 2000s; each chapter concludes with further viewing list. Christopher Robé has written on the gender norms that underlie the biopic in his article, "Taking Hollywood Back" in the 2009 issue of Cinema Journal.
Roger Ebert defended The Hurricane and distortions in biographical films in general, stating "those who seek the truth about a man from the film of his life might as well seek it from his loving grandmother.... The Hurricane is not a documentary but a parable." Some biopics purposely stretch the truth. Confessions of a Dangerous Mind was based on game show host Chuck Barris' debunked yet popular memoir of the same name, in which he claimed to be a CIA agent. Kafka incorporated both the surreal aspects of his fiction; the Errol Flynn film They Died with Their Boots On tells the story of Custer but is romanticized. The Oliver Stone film The Doors about Jim Morrison, was praised for the similarities between Jim Morrison and actor Val Kilmer, look-wise and singing-wise, but fans and band members did not like the way Val Kilmer portrayed Jim Morrison, a few of the scenes were completely made up. Casting can be controversial for biographical films. Casting is a balance between similarity in looks and ability to portray the characteristics of the person.
Anthony Hopkins felt that he should not have played Richard Nixon in Nixon because of a lack of resemblance between the two. The casting of John Wayne as Genghis Khan in The Conqueror was objected to because of the American Wayne being cast as the Mongol warlord. Egyptian critics criticized the casting of Louis Gossett, Jr. an African American actor, as Egyptian president Anwar Sadat in the 1982 TV miniseries Sadat. Some objected to the casting of Jennifer Lopez in Selena because she is a New York City native of Puerto Rican descent while Selena was Mexican-American; the musical biopic Bohemian Rhapsody, based on the life of Queen singer Freddie Mercury, became the highest-grossing biopic of all time in 2018. Biographical novel Biography in literature List of biographical films
In folklore, a ghost is the soul or spirit of a dead person or animal that can appear to the living. In ghostlore, descriptions of ghosts vary from an invisible presence to translucent or visible wispy shapes, to realistic, lifelike visions; the deliberate attempt to contact the spirit of a deceased person is known as necromancy, or in spiritism as a séance. The belief in the existence of an afterlife, as well as manifestations of the spirits of the dead, is widespread, dating back to animism or ancestor worship in pre-literate cultures. Certain religious practices—funeral rites and some practices of spiritualism and ritual magic—are designed to rest the spirits of the dead. Ghosts are described as solitary, human-like essences, though stories of ghostly armies and the ghosts of animals rather than humans have been recounted, they are believed to haunt particular locations, objects, or people they were associated with in life. According to a 2009 study by the Pew Research Center, 18 % of Americans say.
The overwhelming consensus of science is. Their existence is impossible to falsify, ghost hunting has been classified as pseudoscience. Despite centuries of investigation, there is no scientific evidence that any location is inhabited by spirits of the dead. Research has indicated that ghost sightings may be related to degenerative brain diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. Older reports linked carbon monoxide poisoning to ghost-like hallucinations; the English word ghost continues Old English gāst, from Proto-Germanic *gaistaz. It is common to West Germanic; the prior Proto-Indo-European form was *ǵʰéysd-os, from the root *ǵʰéysd- denoting "fury, anger" reflected in Old Norse geisa "to rage". The Germanic word is recorded as masculine only, but continues a neuter s-stem; the original meaning of the Germanic word would thus have been an animating principle of the mind, in particular capable of excitation and fury. In Germanic paganism, "Germanic Mercury", the Odin, was at the same time the conductor of the dead and the "lord of fury" leading the Wild Hunt.
Besides denoting the human spirit or soul, both of the living and the deceased, the Old English word is used as a synonym of Latin spiritus in the meaning of "breath" or "blast" from the earliest attestations. It could denote any good or evil spirit, such as angels and demons. From the Old English period, the word could denote the spirit of God, viz. the "Holy Ghost". The now-prevailing sense of "the soul of a deceased person, spoken of as appearing in a visible form" only emerges in Middle English; the modern noun does, retain a wider field of application, extending on one hand to "soul", "spirit", "vital principle", "mind", or "psyche", the seat of feeling and moral judgement. The synonym spook is a Dutch loanword, akin to Low German spôk. Alternative words in modern usage include spectre, the Scottish wraith and apparition; the term shade in classical mythology translates Greek σκιά, or Latin umbra, in reference to the notion of spirits in the Greek underworld. "Haint" is a synonym for ghost used in regional English of the southern United States, the "haint tale" is a common feature of southern oral and literary tradition.
The term poltergeist is a German word a "noisy ghost", for a spirit said to manifest itself by invisibly moving and influencing objects. Wraith is a Scots word for spectre, or apparition, it appeared in Scottish Romanticist literature, acquired the more general or figurative sense of portent or omen. In 18th- to 19th-century Scottish literature, it applied to aquatic spirits; the word has no accepted etymology. An association with the verb writhe was the etymology favored by J. R. R. Tolkien. Tolkien's use of the word in the naming of the creatures known as the Ringwraiths has influenced usage in fantasy literature. Bogey or bogy/bogie is a term for a ghost, appears in Scottish poet John Mayne's Hallowe'en in 1780. A revenant is a deceased person returning from the dead to haunt the living, either as a disembodied ghost or alternatively as an animated corpse. Related is the concept of a fetch, the visible ghost or spirit of a person yet alive. A notion of the transcendent, supernatural, or numinous involving entities like ghosts, demons, or deities, is a cultural universal.
In pre-literate folk religions, these beliefs are summarized under animism and ancestor worship. Some people believe the ghost or spirit never leaves Earth until there is no-one left to remember the one who died. In many cultures, restless ghosts are distinguished from the more benign spirits involved in ancestor worship. Ancestor worship involves rites intended to prevent revenants, vengeful spirits of the dead, imagined as starving and envious of the living. Strategies for preventing revenants may either include sacrifice, i.e. giving the dead food and drink to pacify them
Nora Roberts is an American author of more than 225 romance novels. She writes as J. D. Robb for the in Death series and has written under the pseudonyms Jill March and for publications in the U. K. as Sarah Hardesty. Nora Roberts was the first author to be inducted into the Romance Writers of America Hall of Fame; as of 2011, her novels had spent a combined 861 weeks on The New York Times Best Seller list, including 176 weeks in the number-one spot. Roberts was born on October 10, 1950 in Silver Spring, the youngest of five children. Both of her parents have Irish ancestors, she has described herself as "an Irishwoman through and through", her family were avid readers, so books were always important in her life. Although she had always made up stories in her head, Roberts did not write as a child, other than essays for school, she does. Good ones — some of which my mother still believes." She credits the nuns with instilling in her a sense of discipline. During her second year in high school, Roberts transferred to a local public school, Montgomery Blair High School, where she met her first husband, Ronald Aufdem-Brinke.
They married, in 1968, as soon as she had graduated from high school. The newly married couple settled in Maryland. Roberts' husband worked at his father's sheet-metal business before joining her parents in their lighting company, she gave birth to two sons and Jason. Roberts became a homemaker and would refer to this time period as her "Earth Mother" years. Roberts spent much of her time including ceramics and sewing her children's clothes, their marriage ended in divorce in 1983. Roberts met her second husband, Bruce Wilder, a carpenter, when she hired him to build bookshelves in July 1985, her husband owns and operates a bookstore in Boonsboro, Maryland called Turn the Page Books. He works as an adult content photographer and videographer; the Wilders owned the nearby historic Boone Hotel, undergoing renovations when it was destroyed by a fire in February 2008. It opened as the Inn BoonsBoro in 2009. Roberts once stated: "You're going to be unemployed if you think you just have to sit around and wait for the muse to land on your shoulder."
She concentrates on one novel at a time, writing eight hours a day, every day while on vacation. Rather than begin with an outline or plot summary, Roberts instead envisions a key incident, character, or setting, she writes a short first draft that has the basic elements of a story. After finishing the first draft, Roberts goes back to the beginning of the novel; the second draft sees the addition of details, the "texture and color" of the work, as well as a more in-depth study of the characters. She does a final pass to polish the novel before sending it to her agent, Amy Berkower, she writes trilogies, finishing the three books in a row so that she can remain with the same characters. When possible, she does the same with the In Death books, writing three in a row before returning to contemporary romances, her trilogies are all released in paperback, as Roberts believes the wait for hardcover editions is too long for the reader. Roberts does much of her research over the Internet, she is an ardent baseball fan, having been honored by the local minor league baseball team Hagerstown Suns several times.
She began to write during a blizzard in February 1979. Roberts states that with three feet of snow, a dwindling supply of chocolate, no morning kindergarten she had little else to do. While writing down her ideas for the first time, she fell in love with the writing process, produced six manuscripts, she submitted her manuscripts to Harlequin, the leading publisher of romance novels, but was rejected. Roberts says, I got the standard rejection for the first couple of tries my favorite rejection of all time. I received my manuscript back with a nice little note which said that my work showed promise, the story had been entertaining and well done, but that they had their American writer. That would have been Janet Dailey. Dailey would go on to be embroiled in a plagiarism scandal in which she confessed to stealing some of Roberts' work. In 1980, a new publisher, Silhouette books, formed to take advantage of the pool of manuscripts from the many American writers that Harlequin had snubbed. Roberts found a home at Silhouette, where her first novel, Irish Thoroughbred, was published in 1981.
She used the pseudonym Nora Roberts, a shortened form of her birth name Eleanor Marie Robertson, because she assumed that all romance authors had pen names. Between 1982 and 1984, Roberts wrote 23 novels for Silhouette, they were published under various Silhouette imprints: Silhouette Sensation, Silhouette Special Edition and Silhouette Desire, as well as Silhouette Intrigue, MIRA's reissue program. In 1985, Playing the Odds, the first novel in the MacGregor family series, was published; the book was an immediate bestseller. In 1987, she began writing single title books for Bantam. Five years she moved to Putnam to write single title hard covers as well as original paperbacks, she reached the hardcover bestseller lists with 1996's Montana Sky. Roberts has continued to release single-title novels in paperback, she still writes shorter category romances. Her attachment to the shorter category books stems from her years as a young mother of two boys without much time to read, as she " what it felt like to want to read a
Jayne Ann Krentz
Jayne Ann Krentz, née Jayne Castle, is an American writer of romance novels. Krentz is the author of a string of New York Times bestsellers under seven different pseudonyms. Now, she only uses three names. Under her married name she writes contemporary romantic-suspense, she uses Amanda Quick for her novels of historical romantic-suspense. She uses her maiden name for futuristic/paranormal romantic-suspense writing. Over 35 million copies of Krentz's novels are in print. With Sweet Starfire, she created the futuristic romance subgenre, further expanded the boundaries of the genre in 1996 with Amaryllis, the first paranormal futuristic romantic suspense novel, she is an outspoken advocate for the romance genre and has been the recipient of the Susan Koppelman Award for Feminist Studies. Jayne Ann Castle was born on March 28, 1948 in Cobb, United States, she and her two brothers were raised by their mother, Alberta, in Borrego Springs for the first decade of Jayne's life. She earned a B. A in History at the University of California, Santa Cruz in 1970.
Fearful that she would be unable to find a job using her degree, she elected to obtain her graduate degree in Library Science from San Jose State University. After graduation she married Frank Krentz, an engineer, whom she had met at San Jose State; the couple moved to the Virgin Islands, where Krentz worked for a year as an elementary school librarian, a time she refers to as "an unmitigated career disaster". Realizing that she enjoyed being a librarian but not the aspects of teaching that working in an elementary school required, Krentz moved into the higher levels of academia, including a stint in the Duke University library system. Krentz and her husband moved to Seattle, Washington. Krentz has been generous in sharing her wealth with libraries, she established the Castle Humanities Fund at UCSC's University Library to allow the library to purchase additional books and has given money to 15 Seattle-area elementary schools to enhance their library budgets. She is a member of the Advisory Board for the Writers Programs at the University of Washington extension program.
While working at Duke, Krentz began writing stories her way, combining elements of romance novels with paranormal twists. For six years she wrote and mailed proposals for new novels receiving rejection letters, she claims to have tried to stop writing several times during that period, but that it became a "compulsion". During this time she and her family moved to Seattle, Washington to further her husband's aerospace career. Krentz continued writing, and, in 1979, she sold her first novel, Gentle Pirate; that novel and several that followed were published within various category romance lines, as, the only method in which contemporary romance was published. As more publishers began to release single-title contemporary romances, Krentz shifted into writing only single-title novels, her first novels were released under Jayne Castle. Krentz signed a contract allowing one of her publishers to own the name, after leaving that publisher, Krentz was unable to use that name on new works for ten years.
This led to the creation of several pseudonyms, including Jayne Taylor, Jayne Bentley, Stephanie James and Amanda Glass. By the mid-1980s she had begun using only her married name, Jayne Ann Krentz, for all of her contemporary romance novels, her 1986 novel, Sweet Starfire, was a futuristic romance, a subgenre that combined elements of romance novels and science fiction. The novel was a "classic road trip romance". In 1987 she published a second futuristic romance, Crystal Flame, which again allowed for a "traditional romance plot unfold in an extraordinary world"; the success of these books encouraged Krentz to try to write a real historical romance with a humorous twist, which she released under the pseudonym Amanda Quick. She began writing paranormal futuristic novels of romantic suspense in 1996. Released under her maiden name, Jayne Castle, these novels are set far in the future in a world where everyone has a psychic talent and respectable people use marriage agencies instead of choosing their own mates.
As is customary in her writing, in each case the protagonists have a mystery to solve or a villain to defeat. Psychic themes appear throughout Krentz's work. In 2006 she began a new series, called The Arcane Society, which includes books written as Amanda Quick, Jayne Ann Krentz, Jayne Castle; the books tell the stories of members of the Arcane Society for the psychically gifted, each hero and heroine has his or her own psychic power. The books feature a mystery for the protagonists to solve while they are learning to deal with their psychic abilities; the heroes of her novels are always alpha males. More than 120 of Krentz's romance novels have been published, with 32 placing on the New York Times Bestseller List. In total, there are over 23 million copies of her books in print. Krentz's novel The Waiting Game was adapted for the Harlequin Romance Series teleplay in 2001, her books have won many awards. Krentz has been nominated 22 times for Romantic Times Reviewers' Choice Awards, winning in 1995 for Trust Me and in 2004 for Falling Awake.
She has received a Romantic Times Career Achievement Award. An outspoken advocate of the merits of romantic fiction, Krentz maintains that "opular fiction encapsulates and reinforces many of our most fundamental cultural values. Romance is among the most enduring because it addresses the values of family and human emotional bonds." To help educate the public about the genre she became the editor of and a contributor to Dangerous
Stephenie Meyer is an American novelist and film producer, best known for her vampire romance series Twilight. The Twilight novels have gained worldwide recognition and sold over 100 million copies, with translations into 37 different languages. Meyer was the bestselling author of 2008 and 2009 in America, having sold over 29 million books in 2008, 26.5 million books in 2009. Twilight was the best-selling book of 2008 in US bookstores. Meyer was ranked No. 49 on Time magazine's list of the "100 Most Influential People in 2008", was included in the Forbes Celebrity 100 list of the world's most powerful celebrities in 2009, entering at No. 26. Her annual earnings exceeded $50 million. In 2010, Forbes ranked her as the No. 59 most powerful celebrity with annual earnings of $40 million. Stephenie Meyer was born in Hartford, Connecticut as the second of six children to Stephen and Candy Morgan, she was raised in Phoenix, with five siblings: Seth, Jacob and Heidi. Meyer attended Chaparral High School in Scottsdale, where her former English teacher remembered her as "bright but not overly so."
She attended Brigham Young University in Provo, where she received a BA in English in 1997. Meyer met her husband, when she was four years old in Arizona, married him in 1994 when they were both 20. Together they have three sons. Christian Meyer an auditor, has now retired to take care of the children. Meyer is a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Meyer had no experience as a writer of any kind and had never written a short story before Twilight, she had considered going to law school. Before becoming an author, Meyer's only professional work was as a receptionist in a property company. Meyer says that the idea for Twilight came to her in a dream on June 2, 2003; the dream was about a human girl and a vampire, in love with her but thirsted for her blood. Based on this dream, Meyer wrote the draft of. In a matter of three months she had transformed her dream into a complete novel, though she never intended to publish Twilight and was writing for her own enjoyment, her sister's response to the book was enthusiastic and she persuaded Meyer to send the manuscript to literary agencies.
Of the 15 letters she wrote, five went unanswered, nine brought rejections, the last was a positive response from Jodi Reamer of Writers House. Eight publishers competed for the rights to publish Twilight in a 2003 auction. By November, Meyer had signed a $750,000 three-book deal with Little and Company. Twilight was published in 2005 with a print run of 75,000 copies, it reached No. 5 on The New York Times Best Seller list for Children's Chapter Books within a month of its release, rose to #1. Foreign rights to the novel were sold to over 26 countries; the novel was named the Publishers Weekly Best Book of a Times Editor's Choice. Following the success of Twilight, Meyer expanded the story into a series with three more books: New Moon and Breaking Dawn. In its first week after publication, New Moon reached No. 5 on The New York Times Best Seller list for Children's Chapter Books, in its second week rose to the No. 1 position, where it remained for the next 11 weeks. In total, it spent over 50 weeks on the list.
After the release of Eclipse, the first three "Twilight" books spent a combined 143 weeks on The New York Times Best Seller list. The fourth installment of the Twilight series, Breaking Dawn, was released with an initial print run of 3.7 million copies. Over 1.3 million copies were sold on the first day. The novel won Meyer her first British Book Award, despite competition from J. K. Rowling's The Tales of Beedle the Bard; the series has sold over 100 million copies worldwide in 37 languages. In 2008, the four books of the series claimed the top four spots on USA Today's year-end bestseller list, making Meyer the first author to achieve this feat, as well as being the bestselling author of the year; the Twilight novels held the top four spots on USA Today's year-end list again in 2009. In August 2009, USA Today revealed; the books have spent more than 143 weeks on The New York Times Best Seller list. Upon the completion of the fourth entry in the series, Meyer indicated that Breaking Dawn would be the final novel to be told from Bella Swan's perspective.
Midnight Sun was to be a companion novel to the series. It would be a retelling of the events of the novel Twilight, but from the perspective of Edward Cullen. Meyer had hoped to have Midnight Sun published some time shortly after the release of Breaking Dawn, but after an online leak of a rough draft of its first 12 chapters, Meyer chose to delay the project indefinitely. Meyer has decided to pursue non-Twilight related books as a result of the leak, she made the rough chapters of Midnight Sun available on her website. In 2015, she published a new book in honor of the 10th anniversary of the best-selling franchise, titled Life and Death: Twilight Reimagined, with the genders of the original protagonists switched. Meyer cites many novels as inspiration for the Twilight series, including Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë and L. M. Montgomery's Anne of Green Gables and its sequels; each book in the series was inspired by a different literary classic: Twilight by Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice.