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Paraphrase

A paraphrase is a restatement of the meaning of a text or passage using other words. The term itself is derived via Latin paraphrasis from Greek παράφρασις, meaning "additional manner of expression"; the act of paraphrasing is called "paraphrasis". A paraphrase explains or clarifies the text, being paraphrased. For example, "The signal was red" might be paraphrased as "The train was not allowed to pass because the signal was red". A paraphrase is introduced with verbum dicendi—a declaratory expression to signal the transition to the paraphrase. For example, in "The signal was red, that is, the train was not allowed to proceed," the, signals the paraphrase that follows. A paraphrase does not need to accompany a direct quotation; the paraphrase serves to put the source's statement into perspective or to clarify the context in which it appeared. A paraphrase is more detailed than a summary. One should add the source at the end of the sentence, for example: When the light was red, trains could not go.

Paraphrase may attempt to preserve the essential meaning of the material being paraphrased. Thus, the reinterpretation of a source to infer a meaning, not explicitly evident in the source itself qualifies as "original research," and not as paraphrase. Unlike a metaphrase, which represents a "formal equivalent" of the source, a paraphrase represents a "dynamic equivalent" thereof. While a metaphrase attempts to translate a text a paraphrase conveys the essential thought expressed in a source text​, ​if necessary, at the expense of literality. For details, see dynamic and formal equivalence; the term is applied to the genre of Biblical paraphrases, which were the most circulated versions of the Bible available in medieval Europe. Here, the purpose was not to render an exact rendition of the meaning or the complete text, but to present material from the Bible in a version, theologically orthodox and not subject to heretical interpretation, or, in most cases, to take from the Bible and present to a wide public material, interesting and spiritually meaningful, or to abridge the text.

The phrase "in your own words" is used within this context to imply that the writer has rewritten the text in their own writing style – how they would have written it if they had created the idea. Nowadays, there are some models to recognize paraphrase on natural language texts. Sentences can be automatically paraphrased using text simplification software. Automated paraphrasing Text simplification Rogeting

Benjamin Bounkoulou

Benjamin Bounkoulou is a Congolese politician who served in the government of Congo-Brazzaville as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1992 to 1995 under President Pascal Lissouba. He has been President of the Union for the Republic, a political party, since 1995. Bounkoulou was Second Vice-President of the National Transitional Council from 1998 to 2002 and First Vice-President of the Senate from 2002 to 2011. After failing to win re-election to the Senate in 2011, he was instead elected to the National Assembly in 2012 and served as President of the National Assembly's Foreign Affairs Commission. Bounkoulou was born in Kinkengué, located in southern Congo. From 1967 to 1975, he worked at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Bounkoulou was Diplomatic Adviser to President Marien Ngouabi from 1975 to 1976. Subsequently, he was Congo's Ambassador to Angola from 1976 to 1979 and was Ambassador to Algeria, Mauritania and Tunisia from 1978 to 1983, he served as Ambassador to the Organization of African Unity and Ethiopia from 1983 to 1987.

On 19 November 1987, replacing Stanislas Batchi, Bounkoulou was appointed as Congo-Brazzaville's Ambassador to the United States. He was replaced by Roger Issombo in May 1990. In 1990, Bounkoulou returned to Congo as Director-General of the Congolese Maritime Transport Company and remained in that post for two years. Pascal Lissouba won the August 1992 presidential election, after taking office he appointed Bounkoulou to the government as Minister of Foreign Affairs and Hydrocarbons in September 1992. Bounkoulou left the government in 1995; when the Union for the Republic was founded in March 1995, Bounkoulou became its President, he has led the party since then. The UR was established by members of parliament from Bouenza Region who left the ruling Pan-African Union for Social Democracy and another party in January 1995, complaining of government favoritism towards people from Niari Region, Lékoumou Region, another part of Bouenza Region. In the short-lived government of Prime Minister Bernard Kolelas, appointed in September 1997 during the 1997 civil war, Bounkoulou was appointed as Minister of Privatisation, in charge of the Inspection générale d'Etat.

That government lasted only one month. Bounkoulou was subsequently included as one of the 75 members of the National Transitional Council, which served as a transitional legislature from 1998 to 2002, he was designated as Second Vice-President of the CNT. Standing as a UR candidate, Bounkoulou was elected as a Senator from Bouenza Region in the 2002 Senate election, at the end of the transitional period. Subsequently, he was elected as First Vice-President of the Senate on 10 August 2002. Bounkoulou was additionally designated as the head of the Senate's Congo–Egypt friendship group on 13 December 2004. In the October 2005 Senate election, Bounkoulou was re-elected to the Senate as a UR candidate in Bouenza Region, he received the votes of 64 electors and was tied for the highest total of any of the candidates in Bouenza. At an extraordinary general assembly of the UR, held in Nkayi on 18 December 2006, Bounkoulou was unanimously re-elected as President of the UR, he was re-elected as First Vice-President of the Senate on 12 August 2008.

He headed the African Union's electoral observer mission for Angola's September 2008 parliamentary election. Shortly before the July 2009 presidential election, Bounkoulou stressed the importance of having a peaceful election and urged the people to behave in a responsible and civic manner so that the election would be an example to Africa and the world, he headed the African Union's observer mission for the October 2009 Tunisian election and expressed approval of the election, saying that voters were not pressured to vote for President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. Seeking another term in the Senate in the October 2011 Senate election, Bounkoulou failed to win a seat, his defeat was deemed "the only real surprise" in the results, which saw Sassou Nguesso's Congolese Labour Party and other pro-government parties retaining an overwhelming majority in the Senate. Less than a year after losing his Senate seat, Bounkoulou sought election to the National Assembly instead, standing as the UR candidate in Boko-Songho constituency, located in Bouenza Region, in the July–August 2012 parliamentary election.

In the first round, he placed second with 28.45% of the vote behind Joseph Dadhié Yedikissa of the opposition UPADS, who received 30.13%. However, Bounkoulou won the seat in a second round of voting against Yedikissa, receiving 55.10% of the vote. Bounkoulou was the only UR candidate to win a seat in the National Assembly. On 19 September 2012, Bounkoulou was designated as President of the National Assembly's Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Commission

Prince Frederick, Maryland

Prince Frederick is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Calvert County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of Prince Frederick was 2,538, up from 1,432 in 2000, it is the county seat of Calvert County. Prince Frederick is located in the center of Calvert County at 38°32′55″N 76°35′19″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.7 square miles, of which 0.004 square miles, or 0.11%, is water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Prince Frederick has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,432 people, 583 households, 303 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 439.9 people per square mile. There were 616 housing units at an average density of 189.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 62.22% White, 33.80% African American, 0.07% Native American, 2.51% Asian, 0.56% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.82% of the population. There were 583 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.2% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 48.0% were non-families. 43.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 24.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.96. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, 26.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 72.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 64.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $22,321, the median income for a family was $44,625. Males had a median income of $38,393 versus $19,700 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $21,868. About 14.0% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.7% of those under age 18 and 21.5% of those age 65 or over.

Prince Frederick has served as the county seat of Calvert County since 1722, when officials chose a plot of land known as "Williams' Old Field" as the spot for the new county courthouse. The original courthouse was completed in 1732; the town was most named for George II's son Frederick, Prince of Wales during the time of the town's original conception. In the War of 1812, Commodore Joshua Barney's Chesapeake Bay Flotilla found refuge from the advancing British in St. Leonard's Creek, several miles south of Prince Frederick, in June 1814. While laying siege to Barney's force, the British under the command of Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane plundered and destroyed the area nearby, including burning the town of Prince Frederick. In 1882, Prince Frederick burned a second time, when a massive fire destroyed the entire town and its courthouse. A new courthouse was erected on the same spot, remains the center of Calvert County's government to this day. In the 1960s, Albert Irvin Cassell, a prominent mid-twentieth-century African-American architect in Washington, D.

C. sought to develop Chesapeake Heights on the Bay, a 520-acre summer resort community for African-Americans. The project was to feature houses, a motel, shopping centers, a pier, a marina, a clubhouse fronting the Chesapeake Bay. Roads and a few homes were built by 1969, but the project ended with Cassell's death in that same year. In 1984, Prince Frederick was named one of seven "town centers" by Calvert County's government; the town center designation meant that while Prince Frederick was still not formally incorporated, special zoning regulations would be enacted and boundaries would be established so new growth would be centered around the existing commercial and residential districts. This was done in order to take advantage of existing infrastructure and discourage poorly planned urban sprawl. Prince Frederick's town center status meant the creation of special architectural review boards who would encourage theme and unity of new buildings built within the town center. Linden was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000.

On April 28, 2002, an F4 tornado passed just south of Prince Frederick. The same tornado had devastated the downtown business district of La Plata in neighboring Charles County. Solomons Island Road is the major north-south artery through Prince Frederick and carries two Maryland Route designations: Maryland Route 2, which runs from Baltimore to Solomons, Maryland Route 4, an extension of Pennsylvania Avenue from Washington, D. C. which continues past Solomons over the Governor Thomas Johnson Bridge across the Patuxent River to St. Mary's County. Route 4 was dualized in the mid-1970s, commuter buses run on it to Washington. Routes 2 and 4 join north of Prince Frederick near Sunderland. Route 2 from there north is only a two-lane road to Annapolis. In 2009, a portion of Route 2-4 in Prince Frederick was widened to three lanes in each direction. Maryland Route 231 intersects Solomons Island Road and runs west crossing the Patuxent River and continuing into Charles County. Maryland Route 402 leads east to Dares Beach on Chesapeake Bay.

Maryland Route 765 serves as Prince Frederick's Main Street and provides access to the courthouse and government center. In the mid-1990s, a ser

Claude Thornhill

Claude Thornhill was an American pianist, arranger and bandleader. He composed the jazz and pop standards "Snowfall" and "I Wish I Had You"; as a youth, he was recognized as an extraordinary talent and formed a traveling duo with Danny Polo, a musical prodigy on the clarinet and trumpet from nearby Clinton, Indiana. As a student at Garfield High School in Terre Haute, he played with several theater bands. Thornhill entered the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music at the age of 16; that same year he and clarinetist Artie Shaw started their careers at the Golden Pheasant in Cleveland, with the Austin Wylie Orchestra. Thornhill and Shaw went to New York together in 1931. Thornhill went to the West Coast in the late 1930s with the Bob Hope Radio Show and arranged for Judy Garland in Babes in Arms. In 1935, he played on sessions with Glenn Miller, including "Solo Hop", released on Columbia Records, he played with Paul Whiteman, Benny Goodman, Ray Noble, Billie Holiday. He arranged "Loch Lomond" and "Annie Laurie" for Maxine Sullivan.

In 1939 he founded the Claude Thornhill Orchestra. Danny Polo was his lead clarinet player. Although the Thornhill band was a sophisticated dance band, it became known for its superior jazz musicians and for Thornhill's and Gil Evans's arrangements; the band played without vibrato. Thornhill encouraged the musicians to develop cool-sounding tones; the band was popular with the public. Miles Davis's Birth of the Cool nonet was modeled in part on Thornhill's sound and unconventional instrumentation; the band's most successful records were "Snowfall", "A Sunday Kind of Love", "Love for Love". Thornhill was playing at the Paramount Theater in New York for $10,000 a week in 1942 when he enlisted in the U. S. Navy; as chief musician, he performed shows across the Pacific Theater with Jackie Cooper as his drummer and Dennis Day as his vocalist. In 1946, he was reunited his ensemble. Danny Polo, Gerry Mulligan, Barry Galbraith returned with new members, Red Rodney, Lee Konitz, Joe Shulman, Bill Barber. In the mid 1950s, Thornhill was Tony Bennett's musical director.

He offered his big band library to Gerry Mulligan when Mulligan formed the Concert Jazz Band, but Gerry regretfully declined the gift, since his instrumentation was different. A large portion of his extensive library of music is held by Drury University in Springfield, Missouri. Thornhill died of a heart attack in Caldwell, New Jersey, at the age of 56. In 1984, he was posthumously inducted into the Big Jazz Hall of Fame. Claude Thornhill's compositions included the standard "Snowfall", "I Wish I Had You", recorded by Billie Holiday and Fats Waller, "Let's Go", "Shore Road", "Portrait of a Guinea Farm", "Lodge Podge", "Rustle of Spring", "It's Time for Us to Part", "It Was a Lover and His Lass", "The Little Red Man", "Memory of an Island", "Where Has My Little Dog Gone?" The 1941 Claude Thornhill piano composition "Snowfall" had lyrics written by his wife Ruth Thornhill. It has been recorded in vocal and non-vocal versions by the following artists: Claude Thornhill biography by Christopher Popa Claude Thornhill discography at Discogs Claude Thornhill on IMDb Claude Thornhill at Find a Grave

Randy Stradley

Randy Stradley is an American writer and editor working in the comic book industry. As of 2016 he is Vice President of Publishing for Dark Horse Comics, he has written under pseudonyms Mick Welles Hartley. Stradley began working in comics in 1984 with issue 86 of Marvel's Star Wars. In 1986 with Mike Richardson, he became its Vice President. In 1988, Dark Horse acquired the rights to Twentieth Century Fox's Aliens franchise and a year the Predator license. In 1990, Stradley wrote Aliens Versus Predator. In the early 1990s Dark Horse relaunched the line. Stradley and Richardson co-wrote the Crimson Empire miniseries, in 2002 Stradley became Senior Editor for Dark Horse's Star Wars series, a role he retained until 2014, when Marvel regained the Star Wars comics rights. Aliens Versus Predator Aliens Versus Predator: Duel Aliens Versus Predator: War Aliens Versus Predator: Three World War Star Wars 86: The Alderaan Factor Crimson Empire Crimson Empire II: Council of Blood Crimson Empire III: Empire Lost Star Wars: Dark Times 1: The Path to Nowhere, Part 1 Star Wars: Dark Times 2: The Path to Nowhere, Part 2 Star Wars: Dark Times 3: The Path to Nowhere, Part 3 Star Wars: Dark Times 4: The Path to Nowhere, Part 4 Star Wars: Dark Times 5: The Path to Nowhere, Part 5 Star Wars: Dark Times 6: Parallels, Part 1 Star Wars: Dark Times 7: Parallels, Part 2 Star Wars: Dark Times 8: Parallels, Part 3 Star Wars: Dark Times 9: Parallels, Part 4 Star Wars: Dark Times 10: Parallels, Part 5 Star Wars: Dark Times 11: Vector, Part 5 Star Wars: Dark Times 12: Vector, Part 6 Star Wars: Dark Times 13: Blue Harvest, Part 1 Star Wars: Dark Times 14: Blue Harvest, Part 2 Star Wars: Dark Times 15: Blue Harvest, Part 3 Star Wars: Dark Times 16: Blue Harvest, Part 4 Star Wars: Dark Times 17: Blue Harvest, Part 5 Star Wars: Empire 5: Princess...

Warrior, Part 1 Star Wars: Empire 6: Princess... Warrior, Part 2 Star Wars: Empire 16: To the Last Man, Part 1 Star Wars: Empire 17: To the Last Man, Part 2 Star Wars: Empire 18: To the Last Man, Part 3 Star Wars: Empire 22: Alone Together Star Wars: Empire 36: The Wrong Side of the War, Part 1 Star Wars: Empire 37: The Wrong Side of the War, Part 2 Star Wars: Empire 38: The Wrong Side of the War, Part 3 Star Wars: Empire 39: The Wrong Side of the War, Part 4 Star Wars: Empire 40: The Wrong Side of the War, Part 5 Jedi Council: Acts of War 1 Jedi Council: Acts of War 2 Jedi Council: Acts of War 3 Jedi Council: Acts of War 4 Star Wars: Republic 67: Forever Young Star Wars: Republic 79: Into the Unknown, Part 1 Star Wars: Republic 80: Into the Unknown, Part 2 Jedi Chef—Star Wars Tales 7 in Star Wars Tales 7 The Bounty Hunters: Kenix Kil Clone Wars Adventures Hide in Plain Sight—Star Wars: Clone Wars Adventures Volume 2 Hard Currency Routine Valor Star Wars: Panel to Panel Star Wars: Panel to Panel Volume 2: Expanding the Universe Star Wars: The Clone Wars –Innocents of Ryloth

Deidamia of Scyros

In Greek mythology, Deidamia was a princess of Scyros as the daughter of King Lycomedes. Deidamia was one of King Lycomedes's seven daughters; some versions of this story state that Achilles was hidden in Lycomedes's court as one of the king's daughters, some say as a lady-in-waiting under the name "Pyrrha". Despite the fact that Achilles and Deidamia could have been as young as eight years old, the two soon became romantically involved to the point of intimacy. After Odysseus arrived at Lycomedes's palace and exposed Achilles as a young man, the hero decided to join the Trojan War, leaving behind his pregnant and heartbroken wife Deidamia. Years Deidamia tried to persuade their son, Neoptolemus not to join his father in the same war. After the war, she was given in marriage by Neoptolemus to his ally Helenus, son of Priam, whom he had brought to Epirus. On, Neoptolemus was killed by Orestes when the son of Agamemnon went mad. In some accounts and Deidamia had another son, unwittingly killed by Orestes in Phocis while fighting with him over a place to pitch a tent.

Bion of Phlossa, The Greek Bucolic Poets translated by Edmonds, J M. Loeb Classical Library Volume 28. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Online version available at the theoi.com Dictys Cretensis, from The Trojan War. The Chronicles of Dictys of Crete and Dares the Phrygian translated by Richard McIlwaine Frazer, Jr.. Indiana University Press. 1966. Online version at the Topos Text Project. Euripides, Andromache with an English translation by David Kovacs. Cambridge. Harvard University Press. 1994. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website. Gaius Julius Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus translated and edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project. Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F. B. A. F. R. S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.

Publius Papinius Statius, The Achilleid translated by Mozley, J H. Loeb Classical Library Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Online version at the theoi.com Publius Papinius Statius, The Achilleid. Vol. II. John Henry Mozley. London: William Heinemann. P. Putnam's Sons. 1928. Latin text available at the Perseus Digital Library. Quintus Smyrnaeus, The Fall of Troy translated by Way. A. S. Loeb Classical Library Volume 19. London: William Heinemann, 1913. Online version at theio.com Quintus Smyrnaeus, The Fall of Troy. Arthur S. Way. London: William Heinemann. P. Putnam's Sons. 1913. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library. Media related to Deidamia at Wikimedia Commons