Sunwal is a municipality in Nawalparasi District. It lies in Lumbini Zone, it was announced as a municipality on 2011 combining two neighboring Village Development Committees. It is the urban core of a growing urban agglomerate in Nepal. Sunwal is one of the richest Municipalitiem of Nawalparasi district, it belongs to the State no.5 under new constitution. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census Sunwal had a population of 39846 people living in 8639 individual households. After the announcement of the municipality by combining two VDCs, the total population of Sunwal Municipality became more than 60,000, the highest in Nawalparasi district. Swathi alone had a population of 10629 with 2102 individual households at the time of the 2011 Nepal census. Sunwal consists of people of mixed castes. Hindus in the majority celebrate Holi, Maha Shivratri, Dashain and Bhai Tika. There are Buddhists and Muslims. There is a good relationship among different religious and ethnic community which can be seen during festivals.
Nepali and English are the common languages spoken in Sunwal. Gurung, Magar and Tharu people speak native languages in their community. English is not used much; the economy of Sunwal centers around trade and industries. Numerous wholesale and retail shops sell Indian goods in these markets. Besides modern shopping, a traditional form of market called Haat Bazar runs twice a week on Sunday and Tuesdays in Sunwal Bazar and Naduwa Bazar respectively. Farmers directly sell to the retail customers in this market in a dusty and busy market setup. One of the largest sugar factories in Nepal, Lumbini Sugar Industry, made by China's support, is here. Many international tourists and internal visitors come here for educational visits. Other large scale industries such as Laxmi Steels Factory and Butwal Cement Industry are located here. Three distillery factories run here. Many small and cottage industries do business here; the service based economy is centred around education. An increasing number of people are involved in jobs in these sectors.
About a dozen banking and financial institutions are operating here. More than two dozen co-operative societies are playing a role in increasing the financial and investment opportunity among stakeholders and the upliftment of rural areas. Sunwal is the urban core of an upcoming urban agglomerate comprising the nearby municipalities of Devdaha, Bardaghat and VDCs such as Ramnagar. Together, these make up an urban continuum, the region as a whole has an large contribution to the national economy. Ramgram is the headquarters of Nawalparasi and near the international border and customs point with India at Maheshpur and connected to Siddharthanagar through Bhumahi-Bhairahawa By-Pass Road. Bardaghat is a municipality formed and is the gateway to the religious and tourist site, Triveni. Devdaha is an emerging city in Rupandehi district. Sunwal is a city, connected to the nearby tourist areas of Ramagrama stupa, Tansen and Lumbini, it is the gateway to the nearby cities of Butwal and Bharatpur. Gautam Buddha Airport in Siddharthanagar is the nearest airport from Sunwal connecting to Kathmandu.
It has regular flights to Kathmandu. It is in the construction phase for being upgraded into a regional international airport. One can go to Siddharthanagar from Sumwal through Sunwal-Parasi-Bhairahawa road. Sunwal Municipality is connected with Mahendra Highway. Mahendra Highway connects Sunwal to Kankarbhitta in the east to Bhimdatta in the west of the country. Tanka Prasad Acharya Marga, (which connects Sunwal to Ramgram Municipality is one of the important highways. Sunwal is connected to Palpa district by new developing road transport called Sunwal-Gothadi Marga. Sunwal is 21 km east of Mahendra Highway from Butwal Sub-Metropolitan Municipality. Buses are the dominant form of transportation. Private operators offer service to various destinations. Since 2003, operators have added newer minibuses, popularly called micro, for local transport service, with routes Butwal-Sunwal-Bhumahi-Bardaghat. Older jeeps are used to take people to nearby hilly regions. Rickshaws are used for short-distance urban transport.
E-rickshaws were introduced here in 2014 for the city area. Motorcycles are a common means of personal transportation around town. Madhya-Nepal Transport Association, Sunwal is the operator of transport services based in Sunwal and operates its services to different regions of Nawalparasi and rupendehi district such as Bhumahi-Jargaha, Sukhaura-Jargaha-Butwal, Sunwal-Parasi, Sunwal-Parasi-Maheshpur, Sunwal-Parasi-Bhairahawa, Sunwal-Parasi-Triveni, Sunwal-Mahalpokhari, its head office is in branch offices in different cities. There are private secondary and higher-secondary schools; some campuses are established for different bachelor-level programmes. The major schools and colleges are as follows: Higher secondary Schools Pioneer Higher Secondary English Boarding School Mahakabi Devkota Higher Secondary School Lumbini Higher Secondary School Somnath Baba Higher Secondary School Sakura Higher Secondary School Janasewa Higher Secondary School Wakwani Hig
Panchthar district is one of 14 districts of Kirat State of eastern Nepal. It is a Hill district of eastern Nepal; the district covers 1,241 km2. The 2011 census counted 191,817 population. Phidim is the district headquarters. Phidim Municipality Nepali: फिदिम नगरपालिका Hilihang Rural Municipality Nepali: हिलिहाङ गाउँपालिका Kummayak Rural Municipality Nepali: कुम्मायाक गाउँपालिका (Yasok, Rani Gaun, Syabarumba Miklajung Rural Municipality Nepali: मिक्लाजुंग गाउँपालिका Phalelung Rural Municipality (Nepali: फालेलुंग गाउँपालिका Phalgunanda Rural Municipality (Nepali: फाल्गुनन्द गाउँपालिका Tumbewa Rural Municipality Nepali: तुम्वेवा गाउँपालिका Yangawarak Rural Municipality Nepali: याङवरक गाउँपालिका VDC's in small brackets means they are combined to form main Rural Municipality Bairagi Kainla Bhishmaraj Angdembe Damber Singh Sambahamphe Ganesh Prasad Rijal Kumar Lingden Rambahadur Limbu Upendra Subba Zones of Nepal "Districts of Nepal". Statoids
Bara District lies in Province No. 2. It is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal; the district, with Kalaiya as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,190 km² and has a population of 687,708. Bakaiya, Pasaha and Bangari are the main rivers of Bara; the main languages spoken in Bara are Bhojpuri, Bajjika and Nepali. Simraungadh is major part of Bara district, it is historical place in Nepal. Simraungarh is famous for agriculture product in Nepal; the people grow wheat, different green vegetables. Bara district is famous for the Gadhimai Temple as every five years it celebrates the Gadhimai Mela; this festival has been celebrated every 5 years by sacrificing animals. In the future animal sacrifice will no longer occur, as temple authorities have decided to convert the festival into a "momentous celebration of life." The district consists of two sub-metropolitan cities five urban municipalities and nine rural municipalities. These are as follows: Jeetpur Simara Sub-Metropolitan City Kalaiya Sub-Metropolitan City Kolhabi Municipality Nijgadh Municipality Mahagadhimai Municipality Simraungadh Municipality Pacharauta Municipality Pheta Rural Municipality Bishrampur Rural Municipality Prasauni Rural Municipality Adarsh Kotwal Rural Municipality Karaiyamai Rural Municipality Devtal Rural Municipality Parwanipur Rural Municipality Baragadhi Rural Municipality Suwarna Rural Municipality Prior to the restructuring of the district, Dolakha consisted of the following municipalities and Village development committees: Symbiosis Institute of Management is situated in district headquarter, Kalaiya, committed for quality education in Commerce and Education
Sankhuwasabha District is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. The district's area is 3,480 km² with a population of 159,203 in 2001 and 158,742 in 2011; the administrative center is Khandbari. Bordering districts are Bhojpur and Dhankuta in Koshi Zone. Tingri County of Shigatse Prefecture in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China borders to the north; the Arun River enters from Tibet at an elevation of about 3,500 meters and flows south across the district, forming one of the world's deepest valleys relative to 8,481 meter Makalu to the west and 8,586 meter Kangchenjunga to the east. Arun Valley Tumlingtar Airport "Districts of Nepal". Statoids. "Sankhuwasabha District". Sankhuwasabha.com. Retrieved 4 January 2013
Province No. 5
Province No. 5 is one of the seven provinces established by the new constitution of Nepal, adopted on 20 September 2015. As per a 17 January 2018 cabinet meeting, the city of Butwal has been declared the interim state capital of Province No. 5. It borders Gandaki Pradesh and Karnali Pradesh to the north, Sudurpashchim Pradesh to the west, Uttar Pradesh of India to the south; the Governor acts as the head of the province while the Chief Minister is the head of the provincial government. The Chief Judge of the Tulsipur High Court is the head of the judiciary; the present Governor, Chief Minister and Chief Judge are Uma Kanta Jha, Shankar Pokhrel and Nahakul Subedi. The province has 87 provincial assembly constituencies and 26 House of Representative constituencies. Province No. 5 has a unicameral legislature, like all of the other provinces in Nepal. The term length of provincial assembly is five years; the Provincial Assembly of Province No. 5 is temporarily housed at the Chamber of Commerce Meeting Hall in Butwal.
Province No. 5 is divided into 12 districts. A district is administrated by the head of the District Coordination Committee and the District Administration Officer; the districts are further dived to rural municipalities. The municipalities include 32 municipalities. There are 73 rural municipalities in the province. Arghakhanchi Banke Bardiya Dang Eastern Rukum Gulmi Kapilvastu Parasi Palpa Pyuthan Rolpa Rupandehi List of provinces of Nepal List of districts of Nepal
Nepal the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas but includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language; the name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic period of the Indian subcontinent, the era in ancient India when Hinduism was founded, the predominant religion of the country. In the middle of the first millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal.
Parts of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of Tibet. The centrally located Kathmandu Valley is intertwined with the culture of Indo-Aryans, was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala; the Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley's traders. The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional architecture. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal; the Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and formed an alliance with the British Empire, under its Rajput Rana dynasty of premiers. The country was never colonized but served as a buffer state between Imperial China and British India. Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs, in 1960 and 2005; the Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the proclamation of a secular republic in 2008, ending the world's last Hindu monarchy. The Constitution of Nepal, adopted in 2015, establishes Nepal as a federal secular parliamentary republic divided into seven provinces.
Nepal was admitted to the United Nations in 1955, friendship treaties were signed with India in 1950 and the People's Republic of China in 1960. Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, of which it is a founding member. Nepal is a member of the Non Aligned Movement and the Bay of Bengal Initiative; the military of Nepal is the fifth largest in South Asia. Local legends have it that a Hindu sage named "Ne" established himself in the valley of Kathmandu in prehistoric times, that the word "Nepal" came into existence as the place was protected by the sage "Nemi", it is mentioned in Vedic texts. According to the Skanda Purana, a rishi called. In the Pashupati Purana, he is mentioned as a protector, he is said to have taught there. The name of the country is identical in origin to the name of the Newar people; the terms "Nepāl", "Newār", "Newāl" and "Nepār" are phonetically different forms of the same word, instances of the various forms appear in texts in different times in history.
Nepal is the learned Sanskrit form and Newar is the colloquial Prakrit form. A Sanskrit inscription dated 512 CE found in Tistung, a valley to the west of Kathmandu, contains the phrase "greetings to the Nepals" indicating that the term "Nepal" was used to refer to both the country and the people, it has been suggested that "Nepal" may be a Sanskritization of "Newar", or "Newar" may be a form of "Nepal". According to another explanation, the words "Newar" and "Newari" are vulgarisms arising from the mutation of P to V, L to R. Neolithic tools found in the Kathmandu Valley indicate that people have been living in the Himalayan region for at least eleven thousand years. Nepal is first mentioned in the late Vedic Atharvaveda Pariśiṣṭa as a place exporting blankets, in the post-Vedic Atharvashirsha Upanishad. In Samudragupta's Allahabad Pillar it is mentioned as a border country; the Skanda Purana has a separate chapter, known as "Nepal Mahatmya", with more details. Nepal is mentioned in Hindu texts such as the Narayana Puja.
Legends and ancient texts that mention the region now known as Nepal reach back to the 30th century BC. The Gopal Bansa were one of the earliest inhabitants of Kathmandu valley; the earliest rulers of Nepal were the Kiratas, peoples mentioned in Hindu texts, who ruled Nepal for many centuries. Various sources mention up to 32 Kirati kings. Around 500 BCE, small kingdoms and confederations of clans arose in the southern regions of Nepal. From one of these, the Shakya polity, arose a prince who renounced his status to lead an ascetic life, founded Buddhism, came to be known as Gautama Buddha. By 250 BCE, the southern regions had come under the influence of the Maurya Empire of North India and became a vassal state under the Gupta Empire in the 4th century CE. There is a quite detailed description of the kingdom of Nepal in the account of the renowned Chinese Buddhist pilgrim monk Xuanzang, dating from about 645 CE. Stone inscriptions in the Kathmandu Valley are important sources for the history of Nepal.
The kings of the Lichhavi dynasty have been found to have r
Province No. 1
Province No. 1 is one of the seven provinces established by the new constitution of Nepal, adopted on 20 September 2015. As per a CDC report, Province No. 1 has 28 parliamentary seats and 56 provincial seats under the first-past-the-post voting system. As per a 17 January 2018 cabinet meeting, the city of Biratnagar has been declared the interim capital of Province No. 1. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, the Indian states of Sikkim and West Bengal to the east, Province No. 3 and Province No. 2 to the west, Bihar of India to the south. According to the 2011 census, there are around 4.5 million people in the province, with a population density of 175.6 per square kilometer. The Kiratas were the aborigines of the north-eastern Himalayas. According to Baburam Acharya, they ruled over it, they were short and had robust bodies, broad cheeks, flat noses, thin whiskers, dark eyes. They were well trained in the art of warfare, were skillful archers, they were the ancestors of the present day Kiratas.
Yalamber the king of the Kiratas defeated Bhuvan Singh, the last king of the Ahir dynasty and established Kirat rule in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. He extended his kingdom as far as the Trishuli River in the west. Kirata's Kingdom was divided into many principalities and chiefs ruled in eastern Nepal. Limbuwan, Morang Kingdom belonged to them. King of Gorkha unified all the kirati kingdoms or Principalities in Nepal from 1771 to 1789. Before establishment of new constitution on 20 September 2015, the area of Province No. 1 was one of the five Development Regions of Nepal, named Eastern Development Region. It had 16 districts, 14 existing districts of Province No. 1 and 2 districts Siraha and Saptari of Province No. 2. The Eastern Development Region was divided into 3 zones; the zones were: Kosi Zone and Sagarmatha Zone. Mechi included 4 districts, Kosi included Sagarmatha included 6 districts; the total area of The region was 28,456 km². Province No. 1 covers an area of 25,905 km2. The Province has three-fold geographical division: Himalayan in the north, Hilly in the middle and Terai in the southern part of Nepal, varying between an altitude of 60 m and 8,848 m.
Terai, extended from east to west, is made up of alluvial soil. To the west of Koshi River, in between Mahabharat Range and Churia Range, there elongates a valley called Inner Terai. Churai Range, Mahabharat Range and other hills of various height, basins and valleys form the hilly region; some parts of this region are favorable for agriculture but some other parts are not. Himalayan region, in the north, consists of many mountains ranges. Mahalangur, Umvek, Lumba Sumba and Janak being some of them; the highest mountain in the world, Mount Everest. Nepal's lowest point, Kechana Kawal at 58 m, is located in Jhapa district of this Province. There are gentle slopes as well. Chure, many basins and valleys form the Terai region. Between the Churia and Mahabharat a low land of inner Terai exists; the Koshi river flows through the region with its seven tributaries. Tundra vegetables, coniferous forest, deciduous monsoon forests and sub-tropical evergreen woods are vegetations found here. Sub-tropical, sub-temperate, alpine and tundra types of climates are found here.
Province No. 1 includes the snow fall capped peaks including Mt. Everest, Makalu with Solukhumbu and Taplejung districts towards the north, the jungle clad hill tracts of Okhaldhunga, Bhojpur, Tehrathum and Panchthar in the middle and the alluvial fertile plains of Udayapur, Sunsari and Jhapa. Province 1 includes places like Haleshi Mahadev Temple, Pathivara Temple and Barahachhetra, which are the famous religious shrines for Hindus. Climatic conditions of Nepal vary from one place to another in accordance with their geographical features. Province no. 1 has three geographical folds: The low-land of Terai, the hilly region and the highlands of the Himalayas. The low land altitude is 59 m. Whereas the highest point is 8848 m. In the north summers are cool and winters severe, while in the south summers are tropical and winters are mild. Climatically, the southern belt of Province, the Terai, experiences warm and humid climate. Eastern Nepal receives 2,500 millimeters of rain annually. Province no. 1 has five seasons: spring, monsoon and winter.
Northern part of Province No. 1 has the highest mountain of the world and there are many peaks that are higher. Here is a list of mountains in Province No. 1. There are many rivers in the region which flow towards south from the Himalayas which are tributaries of other large rivers which joins Ganga River. Sapt Koshi or the Koshi is the main river of the region. Seven tributaries join the Koshi; the major rivers in the province are: Mechi River Kankai River Koshi River Below given names are tributaries: Tamor Arun River Sun Koshi Dudh Koshi Likhu Khola Bhote Koshi Indrawati River Sagarmatha National Park – 1,148 km2 Makalu Barun National Park – 1,500 km2 Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve – 175 km2 Kanchenjunga Conservation Area – 2,035 km2 Gokyo Lake Complex – 7,770 ha Kosi