IRONCAD is a software product for 3D and 2D CAD design focused on the mechanical design market that runs on Microsoft Windows. It is developed by Atlanta, GA based IronCAD LLC. IRONCAD was developed by Visionary Design Systems based in Santa Clara, CA; the product launched in 1998. In 2001 the development team led by Dr. Tao-Yan Han split from VDS to form IronCAD LLC to continue the development of the IRONCAD product. IRONCAD primary focus is on 3D CAD design using solid modeling technology. IRONCAD uses both Parasolid and ACIS modeling kernels to provide computational methods for solving geometric calculations such as calculating blends and shells. Users create designs in 3D using a drag and drop design methodology by dragging and dropping shapes and components from 3D catalogs to build parts and assemblies, they use those designs to communicate with other users in the design process using both 3D models and 2D drawings. The drawings remain associative to the 3D model so as the model is updated the drawings reflect the changes.
IRONCAD employs the use of direct face editing and allows the combination of features and direct face edits within the same part. To assist people in learning products many users have written books on IronCAD's products to assist customers in training of the software. Official website
NX known as "UG". In 2000 Unigraphics purchased SDRC I-DEAS and began an effort to integrate aspects of both software packages into a single product which became Unigraphics NX or NX. NX is an advanced high-end CAD/CAM/CAE, owned since 2007 by Siemens PLM Software, it is used, for: Design Engineering analysis. Manufacturing finished design by using included machining modules. NX is a direct competitor to CATIA, Autodesk Inventor, SolidWorks. 1972: United Computing, Inc. releases UNIAPT, one of the world's first end-user CAM products. 1973: The company purchases the Automated Drafting and Machining software code from MCS in 1973. The code became a foundation for a product called UNI-GRAPHICS sold commercially as Unigraphics in 1975. 1976 McDonnell Douglas Corporation buys United Computing. 1983: UniSolids V1.0 is released, marking the industry's first true interactive Solid Modeling software offering. 1991: During a period of financial difficulties McDonnell Douglas Automation Company sells its commercial services organization, including the Unigraphics organization and product, to EDS which at that time is owned by GM.
Unigraphics becomes GM's corporate CAD system. 1992: Over 21,000 seats of Unigraphics are being used worldwide.1996: Unigraphics V11.0 is released with enhancements in Industrial Design and Modeling including Bridge Surface, Curvature Analysis for Curve and Surfaces, Face Blends, Variable Offset Surface, etc. In the area of Assembly Modeling the new capabilities include Component Filters, Faceted Representations, Clearance Analysis between multiple Components. A integrated Spreadsheet linked to Feature-Based Modeling is included.. 2002 First release of the new "Next Generation" version of Unigraphics and I-DEAS, called NX, beginning the transition to bring the functionality and capabilities of both Unigraphics and I-DEAS together into a single consolidated product. 2007 Introduction of Synchronous Technology in NX 5.2011 Release of NX8 on October 17-2011 2013 Release of NX9 on October 14-2013 Computer-aided design Parametric solid modeling Freeform surface modelling, class A surfaces. Reverse engineering Styling and computer-aided industrial design Engineering drawing Product and manufacturing information Reporting and analytics and validation Knowledge reuse, including knowledge-based engineering Sheet metal design Assembly modelling and digital mockup Routing for electrical wiring and mechanical piping Computer-aided engineering Stress analysis / finite element method Kinematics Computational fluid dynamics and thermal analysis Computer-aided manufacturing Numerical control programming NX runs on Linux, Microsoft Windows and Mac OS.
NX uses Parasolid for its Geometric modeling kernel and D-Cubed as Associative engine for sketcher and assembly constraints as well as using JT for lightweight data and Multi-CAD. AutoForm Solid Edge I-DEAS NX Nastran CATIA PTC Creo Elements/Pro SolidWorks Autodesk Inventor ANSYS SpaceClaim Media related to NX screenshots at Wikimedia Commons Category:Screenshots of NX Official website
Siemens PLM Software
Siemens PLM Software is a computer software company specializing in 3D & 2D Product Lifecycle Management software. The company is a business unit of Siemens, is headquartered in Plano, Texas; the first commercial product developed by what is now known as Siemens PLM Software was called UNIAPT, released in 1969 by a software company called United Computing. UNIAPT was one of the world's first end-user CAM products. United Computing was founded in 1963 above a hair salon in Torrance and went on to purchase the Automated Drafting and Machining software code from MGS in 1973; the code became a foundation for a product called UNI-GRAPHICS sold commercially in 1975 as Unigraphics. The following year, United Computing was acquired by the aerospace company McDonnell Douglas, who created new CAD/CAM divisions, naming one the Unigraphics Group. In 1980, Unigraphics was released, marking the group's first true 3D modeling hardware and software offering. Home to McDonnell Douglas, the Unigraphics Group grew in St. Louis, which became the new headquarters.
In 1991, the McDonnell Douglas Systems Integration groups, including Unigraphics, were acquired by EDS. EDS branded the acquired business as EDS Unigraphics. In 1997 EDS set up its Unigraphics division as a wholly owned subsidiary called Unigraphics Solutions. EDS took Unigraphics Solutions public while continuing to own majority controlling shares in Unigraphics. During this time, Unigraphics acquired a few companies itself including Engineering Animation, Inc. the former Ames, Iowa-based visualization company. In 1999 the company acquired a long-term player in the EDA field. Unigraphics changed its name to UGS Corporation in 2001; that year, EDS repurchased all outstanding UGS stock, acquired a UGS competitor, SDRC. In 2003 UGS received a perpetual, royalty-free license to the MSC Nastran source code. UGS, SDRC, Nastran were merged into a single Line of Business named EDS PLM Solutions. In 2004, EDS sold its EDS PLM Solutions business to the private equity group of Bain Capital, Silver Lake Partners, Warburg Pincus.
The company resumed operating under the UGS name following the private equity sale. In 2005, UGS purchased Tecnomatix Technologies Ltd. On January 24, 2007 the German electronics giant Siemens AG announced that they would acquire UGS for $3.5 billion. Helmuth Ludwig was appointed President and worked with the management team on creating a long-term strategic direction; the 2007 acquisition of UGS laid the foundation for the Strategic business unit of Siemens Industry Automation division - Siemens PLM Software. The entire operations of UGS were amalgamated into Siemens Automation & Drives group as Siemens PLM Software. In October 2008, to expand its portfolio, Siemens acquired Schwelm based'Innotec GmbH' - an international vendor of digital engineering software and services for the process industry, known for its COMOS platform. On November 9, 2011, Siemens announced the acquisition of'Vistagy, Inc.' - a Massachusetts based supplier of specialized engineering software and services with emphasis on designing and manufacturing structures made of advanced composite materials.
The Siemens Industry Automation Division has acquired the software companies UGS, Elan Software Systems, Active Tecnologia em Sistemas de Automação, Vistagy, IBS AG, Perfect Costing Solutions GmbH, VRcontext International S. A. and LMS International. In December 2013, in order to enhance its portfolio in the field of PLM-ERP integration and provide platform for integration with enterprise resource planning systems, Siemens Industry Software Gmbh & Co. KG acquired Munich based TESIS PLMware Gmbh, in the field of services. In January 2016, Siemens announced its intention acquired CD-adapco for 970 million USD. In October 2016, Tony Hemmelgarn became President and CEO. Previous president and CEO, Chuck Grindstaff, became Executive Chairman. In November 2016, Siemens announced plans to acquire EDA company Mentor Graphics for $4.5 billion to incorporate electronics integrated circuit and systems design and manufacturing solutions into their portfolio. In October 1 2018, Siemens announced it had acquired Low-code development platform software company Mendix to enable it to create SaaS solutions based on the Mendix platform.
Siemens PLM Software's products include NX, a CAD/CAM/CAE commercial software suite, Teamcenter, an integrated set of PLM and collaboration tools, Tecnomatix, a manufacturing and factory planning suite and Velocity Series, an application bundle focused at the mid-market that includes Solid Edge. The company's portfolio contained NX I-deas, NX Nastran, Solid Edge, Tecnomatix, Femap, D-Cubed, JT, PLM Vis, PLM XML, STAR-CCM+ and Parasolid. List of Siemens products for manufacturing IT Siemens PLM Software PLM World Unigraphics and SDRC Museums
In mathematics, topology is concerned with the properties of space that are preserved under continuous deformations, such as stretching, twisting and bending, but not tearing or gluing. An n-dimensional topological space is a space with certain properties of connectedness and compactness; the space discrete. It can be closed. Topology developed as a field of study out of geometry and set theory, through analysis of concepts such as space and transformation; such ideas go back to Gottfried Leibniz, who in the 17th century envisioned the geometria situs and analysis situs. Leonhard Euler's Seven Bridges of Königsberg Problem and Polyhedron Formula are arguably the field's first theorems; the term topology was introduced by Johann Benedict Listing in the 19th century, although it was not until the first decades of the 20th century that the idea of a topological space was developed. By the middle of the 20th century, topology had become a major branch of mathematics. Topology, as a well-defined mathematical discipline, originates in the early part of the twentieth century, but some isolated results can be traced back several centuries.
Among these are certain questions in geometry investigated by Leonhard Euler. His 1736 paper on the Seven Bridges of Königsberg is regarded as one of the first practical applications of topology. On 14 November 1750, Euler wrote to a friend that he had realised the importance of the edges of a polyhedron; this led to his polyhedron formula, V − E + F = 2. Some authorities regard this analysis as the first theorem. Further contributions were made by Augustin-Louis Cauchy, Ludwig Schläfli, Johann Benedict Listing, Bernhard Riemann and Enrico Betti. Listing introduced the term "Topologie" in Vorstudien zur Topologie, written in his native German, in 1847, having used the word for ten years in correspondence before its first appearance in print; the English form "topology" was used in 1883 in Listing's obituary in the journal Nature to distinguish "qualitative geometry from the ordinary geometry in which quantitative relations chiefly are treated". The term "topologist" in the sense of a specialist in topology was used in 1905 in the magazine Spectator.
Their work was corrected and extended by Henri Poincaré. In 1895, he published his ground-breaking paper on Analysis Situs, which introduced the concepts now known as homotopy and homology, which are now considered part of algebraic topology. Unifying the work on function spaces of Georg Cantor, Vito Volterra, Cesare Arzelà, Jacques Hadamard, Giulio Ascoli and others, Maurice Fréchet introduced the metric space in 1906. A metric space is now considered a special case of a general topological space, with any given topological space giving rise to many distinct metric spaces. In 1914, Felix Hausdorff coined the term "topological space" and gave the definition for what is now called a Hausdorff space. A topological space is a slight generalization of Hausdorff spaces, given in 1922 by Kazimierz Kuratowski. Modern topology depends on the ideas of set theory, developed by Georg Cantor in the part of the 19th century. In addition to establishing the basic ideas of set theory, Cantor considered point sets in Euclidean space as part of his study of Fourier series.
For further developments, see point-set topology and algebraic topology. Topology can be formally defined as "the study of qualitative properties of certain objects that are invariant under a certain kind of transformation those properties that are invariant under a certain kind of invertible transformation." Topology is used to refer to a structure imposed upon a set X, a structure that characterizes the set X as a topological space by taking proper care of properties such as convergence and continuity, upon transformation. Topological spaces show up in every branch of mathematics; this has made topology one of the great unifying ideas of mathematics. The motivating insight behind topology is that some geometric problems depend not on the exact shape of the objects involved, but rather on the way they are put together. For example, the square and the circle have many properties in common: they are both one dimensional objects and both separate the plane into two parts, the part inside and the part outside.
In one of the first papers in topology, Leonhard Euler demonstrated that it was impossible to find a route through the town of Königsberg that would cross each of its seven bridges once. This result did not depend on the lengths of the bridges or on their distance from one another, but only on connectivity properties: which bridges connect to which islands or riverbanks; this Seven Bridges of Königsberg problem led to the branch of mathematics known as graph theory. The hairy ball theorem of algebraic topology says that "one cannot comb the hair flat on a hairy ball without creating a cowlick." This fact is convincing to most people though they might not recognize the more formal statement of the theorem, that there is no nonvanishing continuous tangent vector field on the sphere. As with the Bridges of Königsberg, the result does not depend on the shape of t
Application software is software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user. Examples of an application include a word processor, a spreadsheet, an accounting application, a web browser, an email client,a media player, a file viewer, an aeronautical flight simulator, a console game or a photo editor; the collective noun application software refers to all applications collectively. This contrasts with system software, involved with running the computer. Applications may be bundled with the computer and its system software or published separately, may be coded as proprietary, open-source or university projects. Apps built for mobile platforms are called mobile apps. In information technology, an application, application program or software application is a computer program designed to help people perform an activity. An application thus differs from an operating system, a utility, a programming tool. Depending on the activity for which it was designed, an application can manipulate text, audio, graphics, or a combination of these elements.
Some application packages focus on a single task, such as word processing. User-written software tailors systems to meet the user's specific needs. User-written software includes spreadsheet templates, word processor macros, scientific simulations, audio and animation scripts. Email filters are a kind of user software. Users create this software themselves and overlook how important it is; the delineation between system software such as operating systems and application software is not exact, is the object of controversy. For example, one of the key questions in the United States v. Microsoft Corp. antitrust trial was whether Microsoft's Internet Explorer web browser was part of its Windows operating system or a separable piece of application software. As another example, the GNU/Linux naming controversy is, in part, due to disagreement about the relationship between the Linux kernel and the operating systems built over this kernel. In some types of embedded systems, the application software and the operating system software may be indistinguishable to the user, as in the case of software used to control a VCR, DVD player or microwave oven.
The above definitions may exclude some applications that may exist on some computers in large organizations. For an alternative definition of an app: see Application Portfolio Management; the word "application", once used as an adjective, is not restricted to the "of or pertaining to application software" meaning. For example, concepts such as application programming interface, application server, application virtualization, application lifecycle management and portable application apply to all computer programs alike, not just application software; some applications are available in versions for several different platforms. Sometimes a new and popular application arises which only runs on one platform, increasing the desirability of that platform; this is called a killer killer app. For example, VisiCalc was the first modern spreadsheet software for the Apple II and helped selling the then-new personal computers into offices. For Blackberry it was their email software. In recent years, the shortened term "app" has become popular to refer to applications for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets, the shortened form matching their smaller scope compared to applications on PCs.
More the shortened version is used for desktop application software as well. There are many different and not alternative ways in order to order and classify application software. By the legal point of view, application software is classified with a black box approach, in relation to the rights of its final end-users or subscribers. Software applications are classified in respect of the programming language in which the source code is written or executed, respect of their purpose and outputs. Application software is distinguished among two main classes: closed source vs open source software applications, among free or proprietary software applications. Proprietary software is placed under the exclusive copyright, a software license grants limited usage rights; the open-closed principle states that software may be "open only for extension, but not for modification". Such applications can only get add-on by third-parties. Free and open-source software shall be run, sold or extended for any purpose, -being open- shall be modified or reversed in the same way.
Delcam is a supplier of advanced CAD/CAM software for the manufacturing industry. The company has grown since being founded formally in 1977, after initial development work at Cambridge University, UK, it is now a global developer of product design and manufacturing software, with subsidiaries and joint ventures in North America, South America and Asia with a total staff of over 800 people and local support provided from over 300 re-seller offices worldwide. It was listed on the London Stock Exchange until 6 February 2014, it now operates as a independently operated subsidiary of Autodesk. In 1965, Donald Welbourn saw the possibility of using computers to help pattern makers solve the problems of modelling difficult 3D shapes, he persuaded the Science Research Council to support research at the Cambridge University Engineering Department. Early sponsorship was provided by Ford and Control Data in Germany, whose customers included Volkswagen and Daimler-Benz. In 1974 the Delta Group seconded Ed Lambourne to the Cambridge Team.
After Lambourne returned to Delta, a Birmingham-based development centre was established in 1977. In 1989, the company was bought from Delta Group in a buyout led by Managing Director Hugh Humphreys and Ed Lambourne; the company was renamed Delcam International in 1991 and moved to a new purpose-built office in Small Heath. In July 1997, Delcam Ltd was floated on the Alternative Investment Market to expand international operations and increase the investment development; the company now have over 300 offices assisting 90,000 users worldwide with an annual turnover of over £100 million with the largest development team in the industry. Clive Martell was chief executive from August 2009. In February 2015, Pete Baxter, former vice president of sales and country manager for Autodesk in the UK, was appointed vice president. PowerSHAPE Is a 3D CAD solution that runs on Microsoft Windows which allows for the design of 3D complex models using surfaces and triangles; the software allows for the import of 3D point cloud data to reverse engineer 3D models.
PowerSHAPE is used for a variety of applications including Modelling for manufacture, electrode design and toolmaking. The code of PowerSHAPE originates from the DUCT software. PowerMILLA CAM solution for the programming of tool paths for 2 to 5 axis CNC Milling. PowerINSPECT A CAD based inspection solution package for use with many types of inspection hardware, including manual and CNC CMMs, portable arms, optical measuring devices and CNC machine tools. Developed for use on Microsoft Windows, the software is sold to a wide range of industries. In 2004 Delcam won a Queen’s award for innovation for PowerINSPECT and by 2008 PowerINSPECT was Delcam’s second biggest selling product. PowerMILL Robot InterfaceA software package for the programming of machining robots with up to 8 axes. FeatureCAM A feature-based CAM solution for milling and wire EDM. PartMakerA CAM software for programming of turn-mill equipment bar-fed mills and Swiss-type lathes. Delcam for SolidWorksA CAM solution based on PowerMILL and FeatureCAM embedded into SolidWorks.
Delcam ExchangeA CAD data translator for reading and writing all used CAD format files. Delcam ElectrodeAn integrated software within PowerSHAPE for automatic generation of solid electrode models for EDM with optional tool path generation in PowerMILL. On-Machine VerificationA package for measurement of complex parts directly on the machine tools. ArtCAM JewelSmithA specialist 3D design and manufacture solution for jewelers. ArtCAM ProA complete solution for the manufacture of 2D Artwork & 3D Reliefs. ArtCAM InsigniaIs for production-level layout and manufacture of 2D Artwork & 3D Reliefs. ArtCAM ExpressIs a low cost introductory design and machining solution. After acquisition by Autodesk in 2014, Artcam has been discontinued or "killed". OrderManagerIs a web-based workflow management tool for tracking orders remotely. OrthoMODELIs a software package for the design of custom orthotic insoles. OrthoMILLIs a software package for the manufacture of custom orthotic insoles. IQube ScannerIs a foot, plaster cast and foambox scanner LastMakerIs a software package for 3D last modification and 3D last grading.
ShoeMakerIs a software package for the 3D design of footwear. SoleEngineerIs software for 3D sole unit engineering and grading. Engineer ProIs software for 2D pattern engineering and grading. PatternCutIs software for 2D pattern part nesting and cutting. KnifeCutIs software for 2D pattern part nesting and cutting for projection cutting machines. ShoeCostIs software for total footwear costing. TechPacIs a technical documentation software package 1991 Queen’s Award for International Trade2003 Queen’s Award for Innovation awarded for ArtCAM2004 Queen’s Award for Innovation awarded for PowerINSPECT2005 Queen’s Award for International Trade2010 Queen’s Award for Innovation awarded for Dental CADCAM Software 2011 Queen's Award for International Trade 2011 Ringier Technology Innovation Award for'Delcam for SolidWorks' from International Metalworking News 2012 MTA Manufacturing Industry Award for Best Supplier Partnership for its relationship with Coventry Engineering Group 2014 MWP Awards 2014 – Best CADCAM or Control System 2014 Asian Manufacturing Awards 2014 - Best CAM Systems Provider Delcam operates a development scheme for engineering and software graduates.
The graduate programme consists of five 10-week rotations across different functions of the company. Functions include Professional Services, international support, ArtCAM, PowerINSPECT, training. Graduates have the opportunity to work at Delcam USA in Philadelphia or Salt Lake City. Delcam's logo incorporates a comp
Computer-aided engineering is the broad usage of computer software to aid in engineering analysis tasks. It includes finite element analysis, computational fluid dynamics, multibody dynamics and optimization. Computer Software used to analyse CAD geometry tools that have been developed to support these activities are considered CAE tools. CAE tools are being used, for example, to analyse the robustness and performance of components and assemblies; the term encompasses simulation and optimisation of products and manufacturing tools. In the future, CAE systems will be major providers of information to help support design teams in decision making. Computer-aided engineering is used in many fields such as automotive, aviation and shipbuilding industries. In regard to information networks, CAE systems are individually considered a single node on a total information network and each node may interact with other nodes on the network. CAE systems can provide support to businesses; this is achieved by the use of reference architectures and their ability to place information views on the business process.
Reference architecture is the basis from which information model product and manufacturing models. The term CAE has been used by some in the past to describe the use of computer technology within engineering in a broader sense than just engineering analysis, it was in this context that the term was coined by founder of SDRC in the late 1970s. This definition is however better known today by the terms CAx and PLM. CAE areas covered include: Stress analysis on components and assemblies using Finite Element Analysis. Optimization of the product or process. In general, there are three phases in any computer-aided engineering task: Pre-processing – defining the model and environmental factors to be applied to it. Analysis solver Post-processing of results This cycle is iterated many times, either manually or with the use of commercial optimization software. CAE tools are widely used in the automotive industry. In fact, their use has enabled the automakers to reduce product development cost and time while improving the safety and durability of the vehicles they produce.
The predictive capability of CAE tools has progressed to the point where much of the design verification is now done using computer simulations rather than physical prototype testing. CAE dependability must identify critical inputs. Though there have been many advances in CAE, it is used in the engineering field, physical testing is still a must, it is used for verification and model updating, to define loads and boundary conditions and for final prototype sign-off. Though CAE has built a strong reputation as a verification and analysis tool, there is still a perception that sufficiently accurate results come rather late in the design cycle to drive the design; this can be expected to become a problem as modern products become more complex. They include smart systems, which leads to an increased need for multi-physics analysis including controls, contain new lightweight materials, to which engineers are less familiar. CAE software companies and manufacturers are looking for tools and process improvements to change this situation.
On the software side, they are looking to develop more powerful solvers, better use computer resources and include engineering knowledge in pre- and post-processing. On the process side, they try to achieve a better alignment between 3D CAE, 1D System Simulation and physical testing; this should increase calculation speed. On top of that, they try to better integrate CAE in the overall product lifecycle management. In this way, they can connect product design with product use, an absolute must for smart products; such an enhanced engineering process is referred to as predictive engineering analytics. Computer representation of surfaces Finite element analysis Computational fluid dynamics Computational electromagnetics Multibody dynamics Electronic design automation Multidisciplinary design optimization Comparison of CAD editors for CAE Virtual prototyping Finite element updating Predictive engineering analytics Why do we need a CAE Software or Numerical Simulations? Computer Aided Engineering Journal WP:LINKROT Integrated Computer Aided Engineering Journal CAE AVI-gallery at CompMechLab site, Russia Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering Predictive engineering analytics