Parent company

A parent company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operation by influencing or electing its board of directors. Companies that operate under this management are deemed subsidiaries of the parent company; the parent company–subsidiary company relationship is defined by Part 1.2, Division 6, Section 46 of the Corporations Act 2001, which states: A body corporate is a subsidiary of another body corporate if, only if: the other body: controls the composition of the first body's board. Lawyer Michael Finley has stated that "the emerging trend that has seen international plaintiffs permitted to proceed with claims against Canadian parent companies for the wrongful activity of their foreign subsidiaries"; the parent subsidiary company relationship is defined by Part 1, Section 5, Subsection 1 of the Companies Act, which states: 5.— For the purposes of this Act, a corporation shall, subject to subsection, be deemed to be a subsidiary of another corporation, if — that other corporation — controls the composition of the board of directors of the first-mentioned corporation.

Once a full takeover or purchase is enacted, the held company is seen to have ceased to operate as an independent entity but to have become a tending subsidiary of the purchasing company, which, in turn, becomes the parent company of the subsidiary. Conglomerate Holding company Minority interest Subsidiary


Phyllolabis is a genus of crane fly in the family Limoniidae. P. alexanderi Lackschewitz, 1940 P. beesoni Alexander, 1929 P. brunettii Alexander, 1961 P. bryantiana Alexander, 1931 P. claviger Osten Sacken, 1877 P. confluenta Alexander, 1927 P. czizeki Alexander, 1961 P. edwardsi Alexander, 1961 P. encausta Osten Sacken, 1877 P. fenderiana Alexander, 1949 P. flavida Alexander, 1918 P. geigeri Podenas & Stary, 1997 P. ghilarovi Savchenko, 1983 P. gohli Mendl, 1976 P. golanensis Stary & Freidberg, 2007 P. hemmingseni Nielsen, 1959 P. hirtiloba Alexander, 1947 P. hurdi Alexander, 1964 P. kocmani Koc, 2004 P. kumpa Alexander, 1961 P. lackschewitzi Alexander, 1961 P. lagganensis Alexander, 1931 P. latifolia Alexander, 1920 P. laudata Alexander, 1936 P. limboo Alexander, 1961 P. lindneri Mannheims, 1959 P. macroura P. mannheimsi Alexander, 1961 P. mannheimsiana Nielsen, 1961 P. mendli Podenas & Stary, 1997 P. meridionalis Alexander, 1945 P. moormi Alexander, 1961 P. myriosticta Alexander, 1945 P. nielseni Mannheims, 1959 P. pallidivena Alexander, 1963 P. peusi Alexander, 1961 P. pictivena Alexander, 1932 P. pubipennis Lackschewitz, 1940 P. regelationis Alexander, 1953 P. savtshenkoi Theowald, 1981 P. seniorwhitei Alexander, 1961 P. sequoiensis Alexander, 1945 P. theowaldi Mannheims, 1959 P. tjederi Savchenko, 1967 P. vulpecula Alexander, 1936 P. zionensis Alexander, 1948 Catalogue of the Craneflies of the World

Pinus latteri

Pinus latteri, or Tenasserim pine, is a pine native to Mainland Southeast Asia. It grows in the mountains of southeastern Burma, northern Thailand, Cambodia, on the Chinese island of Hainan, it occurs at moderate altitudes from 400–1000 m, but as low as 100 m and up to 1200 m. The tree is named after the Tenasserim Hills between Thailand. Pinus latteri is a medium-sized to large tree, reaching 25–45 m tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 1.5 m. The bark is orange-red and fissured at the base of the trunk, thin and flaky in the upper crown; the leaves are in pairs, moderately slender, 15–20 cm long and just over 1 mm thick, green to yellowish green. The cones are narrow conic, 6–14 cm long and 4 cm broad at the base when closed, green at first, ripening glossy red-brown, they open to 6–8 cm broad some time after maturity or following heating by forest fires, to release the seeds. The seeds are 7–8 mm long, with a 20–25 mm wing, are wind-dispersed. Tenasserim pine, Pinus latteri, is related to Sumatran pine Pinus merkusii, which occurs further south in Southeast Asia in Sumatra and the Philippines.

It is related to the group of Mediterranean pines including Aleppo pine and Turkish pine, which share many features with it. Conifer Specialist Group. "Pinus latteri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998. Retrieved 11 May 2006.old-form url