Butler County, Pennsylvania
Butler County is a county in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 183,862, its county seat is Butler. Butler County was created on March 12, 1800, from part of Allegheny County and named in honor of General Richard Butler, a hero of the American Revolution. Butler County is part of PA Metropolitan Statistical Area; some famous inventions and discoveries were made in Butler County. It was in Saxonburg that the designer of the Brooklyn Bridge, John Roebling, invented his revolutionary "wire rope." At what is now known as Oil Creek, Butler County resident William Smith and Edwin Drake first proved oil could be tapped from underground for consistent supply. The Jeep was developed in Butler County by American Bantam in 1941. Famous politicians have traveled through Butler County. George Washington passed through during the French and Indian War. Butler's only U. S. Senator, Walter Lowrie, built a home in 1828 that still stands behind the Butler County Courthouse; the Butler County Historical Society's office is in this home.
Butler's highest ranked federal official is William J. Perry, Secretary of Defense under President Bill Clinton from 1994-1997, he graduated from Butler High School in 1945. In 1923, President Warren G. Harding's funeral train passed through Butler County on its way back to Washington D. C. John F. Kennedy spoke in front of the Butler County Courthouse during the United States presidential election, 1960. Hubert Humphrey spoke in Butler during this time period. In 2004, Vice President Dick Cheney delivered a speech in Saxonburg to rally support for President George W. Bush during the United States presidential election, 2004. Bret Michaels, lead singer of the rock band Poison, was born here in 1963. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 795 square miles, of which 789 square miles is land and 6.1 square miles is water. It is the location of Moraine State Park, with Lake Arthur. Lake Arthur is used for fishing and sailing, the surrounding park is used for hiking and hunting.
Allegheny River Connoquenessing Creek Lake Arthur at Moraine State Park Slippery Rock Creek Little Connoquenessing Creek Bull Creek Muddy Creek Sullivan Run Semiconon Run Mulligan Run Venango County Clarion County Armstrong County Westmoreland County Allegheny County Beaver County Lawrence County Mercer County As of the census of 2000, there were 174,083 people, 65,862 households, 46,827 families residing in the county. The population density was 221 people per square mile. There were 69,868 housing units at an average density of 89 per square mile; the racial/ethnic makeup of the county is 96.5% White, 0.9% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, 0.7% from two or more races. 28% were of German, 10% American, 10% Italian, 10% Irish, 5% Polish, 4% English and 4% Scotch-Irish ancestry. There were 65,862 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.80% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.90% were non-families.
24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males. Thomas Doerr Marilyn Jean Horan Timothy McCune Kelly Streib William Shaffer S. Michael Yeager Kevin P. O'Donnell Bill O'Donnell Lewis Stoughton Sue Elaine Haggerty David Kovach B. T. Fullerton Wayne Seibel Scott Hutchinson, Pennsylvania's 21st Senatorial District Donald C. White, Pennsylvania's 41st Senatorial District Elder Vogel, Pennsylvania's 47th Senatorial District Tedd Nesbit, Pennsylvania's 8th Representative District Aaron Bernstine, Pennsylvania's 10th Representative District at PA House Brian Ellis, Pennsylvania's 11th Representative District Daryl D. Metcalfe, Pennsylvania's 12th Representative District Jim Marshall, Pennsylvania's 14th Representative District R. Lee James, Pennsylvania's 64th Representative District Jeff Pyle, Pennsylvania's 60th Representative District Glenn Thompson, Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district Mike Kelly, Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district Conor Lamb, Pennsylvania's 17th congressional district Pat Toomey, Republican Bob Casey, Democrat Unlike the rest of traditionally Democratic Western Pennsylvania, Butler County has leaned towards the Republican Party.
The last Democratic presidential candidate to win Butler was Lyndon Johnson in 1964. In the 2000 U. S. presidential election, the county was carried by Republican George W. Bush 62% to Democrat Al Gore 35%. In the 2004 U. S. presidential election, the county was carried by Republican George W. Bush 64% to Democrat John Kerry 35%. In the 2008 U. S. presidential election, the county was carried by Republican John McCain 63% to Democrat Barack Obama 35%. Additionally, John
New Castle, Pennsylvania
New Castle is a city in and the county seat of Lawrence County, United States, 50 miles northwest of Pittsburgh and near the Pennsylvania–Ohio border just 18 miles east of Youngstown, Ohio. The population was 23,128 as of the 2010 census, it is the commercial center of a fertile agricultural region. New Castle is the principal city of the New Castle, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which had a population of 91,108 in 2010. New Castle anchors the northwestern part of the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-WV-OH Combined Statistical Area. In 1798, John Carlysle Stewart, a civil engineer, traveled to western Pennsylvania to resurvey the "donation lands,", reserved for veterans of the Revolutionary War, he discovered that the original survey had neglected to stake out 50 acres at the confluence of the Shenango River and the Neshannock Creek, at that time a part of Allegheny County. The Indian town of Kuskusky was listed on early maps in this location. Claiming the land for himself, he laid out. Stewart laid out the town of New Castle in April 1798.
It comprised that same 50 acres, in what was part of Allegheny County. In 1825, New Castle became a borough, having a population of about 300; the city became a part of Mercer County. On April 5, 1849, the Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania signed an act creating Lawrence County named in honor of U. S. Navy Captain James Lawrence. New Castle was headed by its first Mayor, Thomas B. Morgan. At that time, the population had increased to about 6,000. In 1849, a group of Old Order Amish families from Mifflin County, settled just north of New Castle in New Wilmington. Migrations from Holmes County, Ohio would make this Amish community one of the largest in Pennsylvania. 2,000 Amish live and work presently in the townships north of New Castle. Business in New Castle began to flourish in the early 19th century with the construction of the canal system, which made its way through the city. Numerous manufacturing plants became located in New Castle because of the availability of transportation facilities and ready access to raw material markets.
The canal system was supplemented and replaced by railroads which offered greater speed and capacity for freight, as well as year round service. In the 1870s, the city became a major hub of the Lake Erie Railroad. New Castle's population swelled from 11,600 in 1890 to 28,339 in 1900, to 38,280 in 1910, as immigrants from Italy, flocked to the city to work in the mills and nearby limestone quarries. Italian laborers of the era were frequent victims of the Black Hand society, which employed blackmail and extortion to rob the workers of their pay. In 1907 the headquarters of the Black Hand for the entire region was discovered in the village of Hillsville a few miles west of New Castle. By this time New Castle was one of the fastest-growing cities in the country, with the construction of the largest tin plate mill in America, the city became the tin plate capital of the world; the tin plate industry marked a new increase in the city's prosperity. The Tariff Act of 1890, raised imports by 50% and pushed entrepreneurs George and Charles Greer to open New Castle Steel and Tin Plate Company in 1893.
Following suit, Shenango Valley Steel Company and Neshannock Sheet and Tin Plate Company merged to New Castle Works of the Carnegie Steel Company. In 1908 New Castle was linked to Pittsburgh by the Pittsburgh, Harmony and New Castle Railway, an interurban trolley line. Steel and paper mills, foundries, a bronze bushing factory, car-construction plants contributed to the economy. In addition, the Shenango China produced commercial china and created the fine Castleton china line for the White House, including dinnerware for Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and Lyndon B. Johnson. Other ceramic factories produced industrial refractory materials. In the 1920s, New Castle enjoyed its greatest prosperity; the landscape of the city was transformed with the building of many beautiful structures, some of which still stand, such as The Cathedral, St. Mary's Church, the Castleton Hotel; the city established its identity. New Castle is known both as the "hot dog capital of the world" and the "fireworks capital of America".
Its chili dogs are the product of Greek immigrants who came to New Castle in the early 20th century and established restaurants along with their homes. The notoriety for fireworks is credited to two local fireworks companies of international stature, S. Vitale Pyrotechnic Industries, Inc. and Zambelli Internationale. In the 1930s, the city, along with most cities of America, suffered during the Great Depression. During this trying time, the federal government established the Works Progress Administration and the Civilian Conservation Corps; these programs offered jobs to many displaced workers. Many of the stone walls built by the WPA and the CCC still stand as a reminder of the historic demise of the economy. In the 1940s, industry temporarily surged during wartime. In 1950, the population peaked at 48,834, but became part of the rust belt, with population dwindling to 28,334 by 1990. New Castle is the County Seat of Lawrence County which has a population of 100,000. In 1998, the City of New Castle was a host city for the History Channel Great Race.
Over 15,000 spectators gathered downtown for the festivities. The city celebrated its 200th birthday in 1998 with a downtown fireworks festival that attracted over 30,000 people; the first fireworks manufacturer in New Castle was Leopold Fazzoni, who owned and operated the Fazzoni Brothers Fireworks Company. Mr. Fazzoni came to New Cast
Mt. Lebanon, Pennsylvania
Mt. Lebanon is a township with home rule status in Allegheny County, United States; the population was 33,137 at the 2010 census. It is a suburb of Pittsburgh. Established in 1912 as Mount Lebanon, the township was a farming community until the arrival of streetcar lines, first opening in 1901 Now with the ability to commute to and from Downtown Pittsburgh daily, Mount Lebanon became a streetcar suburb, with the first real estate subdivision being laid out in November 1901. Further, the opening of the Liberty Tunnel in 1924 allowed easy automobile access to Pittsburgh. In 1975, the renamed Mt. Lebanon adopted; the first settlers arrived in 1773-1774, having purchased the land from the descendants of William Penn. In 1912, Mount Lebanon Township was incorporated as a "First Class Township" under Pennsylvania state law, it had been a part of Scott Township, which in turn traces its origins to the long-defunct St. Clair Township. Mount Lebanon was not named for two Cedar of Lebanon trees that were planted in 1850 on Washington Road near the top of Bower Hill Road, but was named after the area from which they came, Mount Lebanon, due to the similarities between the two landscapes.
Prior to the incorporation of the township, the "Mount Lebanon" name was used for the area of Upper St. Clair Township near the cedar trees. In the 1880s, a post office located near the transplanted cedar trees was named "Mount Lebanon". Incorporators of neighboring Dormont Borough tried to use the "Mount Lebanon" name in 1909, but were opposed by residents of the future Mount Lebanon Township. In 1928, Mount Lebanon became the first First Class township in Pennsylvania to adopt the council-manager form of government and has had an appointed manager serving as the chief administrative officer since that time. Mount Lebanon was a farming community until the arrival of streetcar lines, the first line to Pittsburgh opening on July 1, 1901 followed by a second in 1924. After the arrival of the streetcar lines, which enabled daily commuting to and from Downtown Pittsburgh, Mount Lebanon became a streetcar suburb, with the first real estate subdivision being laid out in November 1901. Further, the opening of the Liberty Tubes in 1924 allowed easy automobile access to Pittsburgh.
Between the 1920 and 1930 censuses, the township's population skyrocketed from 2,258 to 13,403. Today, Pittsburgh's mass transit agency, the Port Authority of Allegheny County, or "PATransit," operates a light rail system whose Red Line, which runs underneath Uptown Mt. Lebanon through the Mt. Lebanon Tunnel, merges with the 47L line in Pittsburgh's Mt. Washington section. Mt. Lebanon's only platform station, Mt. Lebanon Station, is in Uptown Mt. Lebanon, and as of the census of 2000, there were 33,017 people living in Mt. Lebanon. In 1971, Muhammad Ali attempted to purchase a home in Virginia Manor, but racial discrimination prevented him from doing so; however and former residents claim that the rejection was due to the anticipated publicity and crowds which would result from the sale of the property to Ali. On May 21, 1974, the electorate approved a Home Rule Charter, which took effect on January 1, 1975. Mount Lebanon became one of the first municipalities in Pennsylvania to adopt a home rule charter.
In the charter, the official name of the municipality became Pennsylvania. S. Postal Service continues to use "Mount." On January, 22, 2018, mount lebanon is proud to announce that the kindest students at Washington Elementary are Tess kanche,Audrey Gracik,and,Marisol Huser. We have concluded this Information based on the tests that the school took on kindness in 2017. Mt. Lebanon is located at 40°22′30″N 80°3′0″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 6.06 square miles. Mt. Lebanon is a affluent suburb of Pittsburgh 7 miles south of the city's downtown. There are two small borders with Pittsburgh neighborhoods to the north; the remainder of the northeast border is with the borough of Dormont. The entire western border is with Scott Township. To the south are the two towns which, due to their comparable size and affluence, are most compared with Mt. Lebanon: Upper St. Clair to the southwest and Bethel Park to the southeast. To the east is Castle Shannon, to the east-northeast is Baldwin Township.
Uptown Mt. Lebanon has Washington Rd. as its main thoroughfare. Uptown Mt. Lebanon is one of the more built up central business districts outside of Pittsburgh, featuring numerous coffee shops, small galleries and clothing boutiques; the neighborhood is organized as The Uptown Mt. Lebanon Professional Association. There are sizable business districts along the borders with Upper St. Clair and Castle Shannon, as well. Neighborhoods within Mt Lebanon include: Beverly Heights, Cedarhurst Manor, Hoodridge Hilands, Mission Hills, Sunset Hills, Virginia Manor, Twin Hills, Woodridge. Virginia Manor is an affluent subdivision, with streets designed to follow the natural contours of the land. Future Governor James H. Duff helped found Virginia Manor in 1929; as of the census of 2000, there were 33,017 people, 13,610 households, 9,023 families residi
Hanover Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania
Hanover Township is a township in Washington County, United States. The population was 2,673 at the 2010 census. Hillman State Park, a Pennsylvania state park, the KeyBank Pavilion concert venue are located in Hanover Township; the Devil's Den, McClurg Covered Bridge, Jackson's Mill Covered Bridge, Lyle Covered Bridge and Ralston Freeman Covered Bridge are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Bavington, Murdocksville, Paris Hanover Township has five borders, including the city of Weirton, West Virginia to the west and the townships of Jefferson to the south, Smith to the southeast, Robinson to the east, Beaver County's Hanover Township to the north. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 47.6 square miles, of which, 47.6 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,795 people, 1,080 households, 815 families residing in the township; the population density was 58.8 people per square mile.
There were 1,124 housing units at an average density of 23.6/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 98.53% White, 0.61% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, 0.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.39% of the population. There were 1,080 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.3% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.5% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.92. In the township the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.8 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $42,563, the median income for a family was $51,014. Males had a median income of $40,993 versus $25,625 for females; the per capita income for the township was $19,722. About 6.8% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.3% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over
Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania
Hempfield Township is a township in Westmoreland County, United States. The population was 43,241 at the 2010 census, making it the largest suburb in the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Area by population, its name is taken from Hempfield in Lancaster County, formed in 1729 and is named after the hemp fields in the area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 76.8 square miles, of which, 76.6 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. The township contains the following communities: Armbrust, Carbon, Darragh, Emmonston, Fort Allen, Hannastown, High Park, Lincoln Heights, Maplewood Terrace, Radebaugh, St. Clair, Swede Hill, White Hill, West Point City. Hempfield Township has thirteen borders, including Salem Township to the north, Unity Township to the east, Mount Pleasant Township to the southeast, East Huntingdon Township and South Huntingdon Township to the south, Sewickley Township to the west and south-southwest, Madison to the southwest, North Huntingdon Township to the west-northwest, Manor, Penn Township, the borough of Penn and Jeannette, all to the northwest.
Seven separate boroughs are situated within Hempfield Township: Greensburg, Southwest Greensburg, South Greensburg, New Stanton and Adamsburg. As of the census of 2000, there were 40,721 people, 15,997 households, 11,597 families residing in the township; the population density was 531.5 people per square mile. There were 16,799 housing units at an average density of 219.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 97.42% White, 1.11% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 0.38% of the population. There were 15,997 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.5% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the township the population was spread out with 20.4% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males. The median income for a household in the township was $42,288, the median income for a family was $52,440. Males had a median income of $39,001 versus $25,838 for females; the per capita income for the township was $21,839. 6.0% of the population and 4.1% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 7.8% of those under the age of 18 and 7.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Public school students attend the Hempfield Area School District, which comprises Hempfield Township and the communities of Adamsburg, Bovard, Hunker, Manor, New Stanton, Youngwood. Students can attend Greensburg Central Catholic High School. Hempfield Township is the location of the campus of the University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg, the Youngwood campus of Westmoreland County Community College and the Greensburg campus of Carlow University.
Hempfield Township is a major economic player in Westmoreland County. As the retail hub for Westmoreland County and the Laurel Highlands region in particular, it is home to the popular Westmoreland Mall, the third largest shopping mall complex in the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Area. In addition, Greengate Centre serves as the area's largest big-box retail center. Several smaller shopping centers, well-known national retailers and restaurants can be found in the township. Light industry can be found within Hempfield Township including numerous industrial parks and facilities. RIDC Westmoreland straddles East Huntingdon townships. On March 23, 2011, a funnel cloud appeared over the central area of Hempfield Township southwest of the city of Greensburg just around 4:45 PM and touched down as an EF2 tornado, causing widespread damage to scores of homes in the West Hempfield area as well as the Fort Allen neighborhood and in neighboring Sewickley Township. Hempfield Area High School was impacted with major damage to the auditorium's roof and stadium, as was nearby Harrold Middle School.
Brush Creek Salems Church Fort Allen Hempfield Park Site of Old Hannastown
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, is the county seat of Allegheny County. As of 2018, a population of 308,144 lives within the city limits, making it the 63rd-largest city in the U. S; the metropolitan population of 2,362,453, is the largest in both the Ohio Valley and Appalachia, the second-largest in Pennsylvania, the 26th-largest in the U. S. Pittsburgh is located in the south west of the state, at the confluence of the Allegheny and Ohio rivers. Pittsburgh is known both as "the Steel City" for its more than 300 steel-related businesses and as the "City of Bridges" for its 446 bridges; the city features 30 skyscrapers, two inclined railways, a pre-revolutionary fortification and the Point State Park at the confluence of the rivers. The city developed as a vital link of the Atlantic coast and Midwest, as the mineral-rich Allegheny Mountains made the area coveted by the French and British empires, Whiskey Rebels, Civil War raiders. Aside from steel, Pittsburgh has led in manufacturing of aluminum, shipbuilding, foods, transportation, computing and electronics.
For part of the 20th century, Pittsburgh was behind only New York and Chicago in corporate headquarters employment. S. stockholders per capita. America's 1980s deindustrialization laid off area blue-collar workers and thousands of downtown white-collar workers when the longtime Pittsburgh-based world headquarters moved out; this heritage left the area with renowned museums, medical centers, research centers, a diverse cultural district. Today, Apple Inc. Bosch, Uber, Autodesk, Microsoft and IBM are among 1,600 technology firms generating $20.7 billion in annual Pittsburgh payrolls. The area has served as the long-time federal agency headquarters for cyber defense, software engineering, energy research and the nuclear navy; the area is home to 68 colleges and universities, including research and development leaders Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh. The nation's eighth-largest bank, eight Fortune 500 companies, six of the top 300 U. S. law firms make their global headquarters in the area, while RAND, BNY Mellon, FedEx, Bayer and NIOSH have regional bases that helped Pittsburgh become the sixth-best area for U.
S. job growth. In 2015, Pittsburgh was listed among the "eleven most livable cities in the world"; the region is a hub for Environmental Design and energy extraction. In 2019, Pittsburgh was deemed “Food City of the Year” by the San Francisco-based restaurant and hospitality consulting firm af&co. Many restaurants were mentioned favorable, among them were Superior Motors in Braddock, Driftwood Oven in Lawrenceville, Spork in Bloomfield, Fish nor Fowl in Garfield and Bitter Ends Garden & Luncheonette in Bloomfield. Pittsburgh was named in 1758 by General John Forbes, in honor of British statesman William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham; as Forbes was a Scot, he pronounced the name PITS-bər-ə. Pittsburgh was incorporated as a borough on April 22, 1794, with the following Act: "Be it enacted by the Pennsylvania State Senate and Pennsylvania House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania... by the authority of the same, that the said town of Pittsburgh shall be... erected into a borough, which shall be called the borough of Pittsburgh for ever."
From 1891 to 1911, the city's name was federally recognized as "Pittsburg", though use of the final h was retained during this period by the city government and other local organizations. After a public campaign, the federal decision to drop the h was reversed; the area of the Ohio headwaters was long inhabited by the Shawnee and several other settled groups of Native Americans. The first known European to enter the region was the French explorer/trader Robert de La Salle from Quebec during his 1669 expedition down the Ohio River. European pioneers Dutch, followed in the early 18th century. Michael Bezallion was the first to describe the forks of the Ohio in a 1717 manuscript, that year European fur traders established area posts and settlements. In 1749, French soldiers from Quebec launched an expedition to the forks to unite Canada with French Louisiana via the rivers. During 1753–54, the British hastily built Fort Prince George before a larger French force drove them off; the French built Fort Duquesne based on LaSalle's 1669 claims.
The French and Indian War, the North American front of the Seven Years' War, began with the future Pittsburgh as its center. British General Edward Braddock was dispatched with Major George Washington as his aide to take Fort Duquesne; the British and colonial force were defeated at Braddock's Field. General John Forbes took the forks in 1758. Forbes began construction on Fort Pitt, named after William Pitt the Elder while the settlement was named "Pittsborough". During Pontiac's Rebellion, native tribes conducted a siege of Fort Pitt for two months until Colonel Henry Bouquet relieved it after the Battle of Bushy Run. Fort Pitt is notable as the site of an early use of smallpox for biological warfare. Lord Jeffery Amherst ordered blankets contaminated from smallpox victims to be distributed in 1763 to the tribes surrounding the fort; the disease spread into other areas, infected other tribes, killed hundreds of thousands. During this period, the powerful nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, based in New York, had maintained control of much of the Ohio Valley as hunting grounds by right of conquest after defeating other tribes.
By the terms of the 1768 Treaty of
North Huntingdon Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania
North Huntingdon Township is a township in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, USA. The population was 30,609 at the 2010 census. Named after England's Earl of Huntingdon, Huntingdon Township was founded on April 6, 1772 in Pennsylvania. Huntingdon's boundaries started at the mouth of Brush Run; the area is 26 square miles with the Township maintaining about 125 miles of roads. If these roads were placed end-to-end, they would stretch from North Huntingdon to Ohio; the boundaries, following along Byerly's Path to Braddock Road, continued to the lines that mark Mount Pleasant and Pitt Townships. Huntingdon Township was divided into the townships North Huntingdon, East Huntingdon, South Huntingdon and Sewickley. Around this same time, Westmoreland County, where North Huntingdon is located, became the townships of Fairfield, Mount Pleasant, Pitt, Springhill, Menallen and Armstrong. Many Native American tribes inhabited this area before the European settlers; the Alligewe Indians are believed to be the first people to live in this area.
After this tribe, there were the Shawnee, Seneca and Delaware known as Lenni Lenape, tribes. The first white man did not come along until 1662. Arnold Viele, a Dutch trader from Albany, New York was the first white man to enter this territory. Viele had wanted to establish Indian trading posts. In doing this, he persuaded the Shawnee tribe to move near the Susquehanna Rivers. After Viele, James Letort, Andrew Montour, Conrad Weiser and George Croghan were some of the other settlers to move to North Huntingdon. Many different European groups settled in this area. Two of them were the Scottish-Irish immigrants. In the late 1670s, North Huntingdon Township was settled from both the western ends; this section is divided. The Germans settled in the east and to the west was the Scottish-Irish settlement. In the German settlement, the Lutheran church ran the schools, they taught the German language; the Scottish-Irish settlement was Presbyterian. This group settled in the areas of Circleville, Cavitt's Mills and Robbin's Station.
The settlers wanted to provide their children with some education in their new homes. Farmers donated land; the schools were made with a clapboard roof. Established in 1782, Birch Spring School was the first school in the township, it was called Master Jack's school after its first teacher. Teachers did not have to meet many requirements to get the job, they had to pass an exam and have a basic knowledge of reading and math. They had to know how to mend quill pens and wield birch rods. Another school named Fairview was built in 1816; this school was used in the eastern end of the township, while Master Jack's school was used in the western end. Today, Norwin Middle School is located in the area. Schools were not the only thing, they made their homes. The homes were about 10 feet high with one window, they had to use mud for insulation against the cold winters. Chairs were made of logs and beds were stuffed with hay or straw. There was a hole in the roof, instead of a chimney. About a century after the German and Scottish-Irish settlers, the Township's population was recorded as 3,000 in 1860.
According to a census taken in 1980, North Huntingdon Township was the second largest municipality in Westmoreland County with 31,517 residents. Another census in 2000 recorded; the Fullerton Inn and Andrew and Jennie McFarlane House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 27.4 square miles, of which, 27.3 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. It is transversed by Lincoln Highway; the southwest corner of the township borders the Youghiogheny River for about 1½ Km. As of the census of 2000, there were 29,123 people, 11,216 households, 8,625 families residing in the township; the population density was 1,065.7 people per square mile. There were 11,578 housing units at an average density of 423.7/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 98.82% White, 0.32% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.05% from other races, 0.36% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.41% of the population. There were 11,216 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.3% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.1% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.96. In the township the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males. The median income for a household in the township was $45,376, the median income for a family was $51,933. Males had a median income of $39,693 versus $26,285 for females; the per capita income for the township was $20,786.
About 4.4% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8