Parisii (Gaul)

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Location of the Parisii
A map of Gaul in the 1st century BC, showing the relative positions of the Celtic tribes.
Gold coins of the Parisii, 1st century BC, (Cabinet des Médailles, Paris)
Coin of the Parisii: obverse with horse, 1st century BC (Cabinet des Médailles, Paris)
Coins of the Parisii (Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The Parisii were Celtic Iron Age people who lived on the banks of the river Seine (in Latin, Sequana) in Gaul from the middle of the third century BC until the Roman era. With the Suessiones, the Parisii participated in the general rising of Vercingetorix against Julius Caesar in 52 BC. Before the Roman period the Parisii had their own gold coinage.[1]

First mentioned in Julius Ceasar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico,[2] the tribe's chief city (or oppidum), which the Parisii colonized in about 250 BC, was later the site of Lutetia, an important city in the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis, and ultimately the modern city of Paris, whose name is derived from the name of the tribe. An ancient trade route between Germania and Hispania existed at the area, by way of the meeting of the Oise and Marne rivers with the Seine.[3][4] According to the Commentarii de Bello Gallico, when the Romans entered this territory, the Parisii started burning down their own towns for they were willing to give up these possessions rather than have them taken by the Romans.[1]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Paris". Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica. 2014. 
  2. ^ E. Planta - A new picture of Paris; or, The stranger's guide to the French metropolis Samuel Leigh & Baldwin & Cradock 1831 (16th edition) > 1st return Retrieved 23 April 2017
  3. ^ Andrew Ayers - The Architecture of Paris: An Architectural Guide Edition Axel Menges, 2004 ISBN 393069896X Retrieved 23 April 2017
  4. ^ H. Sauval - Histoire et recherches des antiquités de la ville de Paris, Volume 1 chés C. Moette, 1724 > 1st return Retrieved 23 April 2017

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External links[edit]

Media related to Parisii (Gaul) at Wikimedia Commons