Hercule Poirot is a fictional Belgian detective, created by Agatha Christie. Poirot is one of Christie's most famous and long-running characters, appearing in 33 novels, one play, more than 50 short stories published between 1920 and 1975. Poirot has been portrayed on radio, in film and on television by various actors, including Austin Trevor, John Moffatt, Albert Finney, Peter Ustinov, Ian Holm, Tony Randall, Alfred Molina, Orson Welles, David Suchet, Kenneth Branagh and John Malkovich. Poirot's name was derived from two other fictional detectives of the time: Marie Belloc Lowndes' Hercule Popeau and Frank Howel Evans' Monsieur Poiret, a retired Belgian police officer living in London. A more obvious influence on the early Poirot stories is that of Arthur Conan Doyle. In An Autobiography, Christie states, "I was still writing in the Sherlock Holmes tradition – eccentric detective, stooge assistant, with a Lestrade-type Scotland Yard detective, Inspector Japp". For his part, Conan Doyle acknowledged basing his detective stories on the model of Edgar Allan Poe's C.
Auguste Dupin and his anonymous narrator, basing his character Sherlock Holmes on Joseph Bell, who in his use of "ratiocination" prefigured Poirot's reliance on his "little grey cells". Poirot bears a striking resemblance to A. E. W. Mason's fictional detective, Inspector Hanaud of the French Sûreté, who first appeared in the 1910 novel At the Villa Rose and predates the first Poirot novel by ten years. Unlike the models mentioned above, Christie's Poirot was the result of her early development of the detective in her first book, written in 1916 and published in 1920, his Belgian nationality was interesting because of Belgium's occupation by Germany, which provided a plausible explanation of why such a skilled detective would be out of work and available to solve mysteries at an English country house. At the time of Christie's writing, it was considered patriotic to express sympathy towards the Belgians, since the invasion of their country had constituted Britain's casus belli for entering World War I, British wartime propaganda emphasised the "Rape of Belgium".
Poirot first exited in Curtain. Following the latter, Poirot was the only fictional character to receive an obituary on the front page of The New York Times. By 1930, Agatha Christie found Poirot "insufferable", and, by 1960, she felt that he was a "detestable, tiresome, ego-centric little creep", yet the public loved him and Christie refused to kill him off, claiming that it was her duty to produce what the public liked. Captain Arthur Hastings's first description of Poirot: He was hardly more than five feet four inches but carried himself with great dignity, his head was the shape of an egg, he always perched it a little on one side. His moustache was stiff and military. If everything on his face was covered, the tips of moustache and the pink-tipped nose would be visible; the neatness of his attire was incredible. Yet this quaint dandified little man who, I was sorry to see, now limped badly, had been in his time one of the most celebrated members of the Belgian police. Agatha Christie's initial description of Poirot in The Murder on the Orient Express: By the step leading up into the sleeping-car stood a young French lieutenant, resplendent in uniform, conversing with a small man muffled up to the ears of whom nothing was visible but a pink-tipped nose and the two points of an upward-curled moustache.
In the books, his limp is not mentioned, suggesting it may have been a temporary wartime injury. Poirot has green eyes that are described as shining "like a cat's" when he is struck by a clever idea, dark hair, which he dyes in life. In Curtain, he admits to Hastings that he wears a false moustache. However, in many of his screen incarnations, he is balding. Frequent mention is made of his patent leather shoes, damage to, a source of misery for him, but comical for the reader. Poirot's appearance, regarded as fastidious during his early career falls hopelessly out of fashion, he employs pince-nez reading glasses. Among Poirot's most significant personal attributes is the sensitivity of his stomach: The plane dropped slightly. "Mon estomac," thought Hercule Poirot, closed his eyes determinedly. He suffers from sea sickness, and, in Death in the Clouds, he states that his air sickness prevents him from being more alert at the time of the murder. In his life, we are told: Always a man who had taken his stomach he was reaping his reward in old age.
Eating was not only a physical pleasure, it was an intellectual research. Poirot is punctual and carries a pocket watch to the end of his career, he is particular about his personal finances, preferring to keep a bank balance of 444 pounds, 4 shillings, 4 pence. Actor David Suchet, who portrayed Poirot on television, said "there's no question he's obsessive-compulsive". Film portrayer Kenneth Branagh said that he "enjoyed finding the sort of obsessive-compulsive" in Poirot; as mentioned in Curtain and The Clocks, he is fond of classical music Mozart and Bach. In The Mysterious Affair at Styles, Poirot operates as a conventional, clue-based and logical detective. Hastings is irritated by the fact that Poirot sometimes conceals important details of his plans, as in The Big Four. In this novel, Hastings is kept in
Tommy and Tuppence
Tommy and Tuppence are two fictional detectives, recurring characters in the work of Agatha Christie. Their full names are his wife Prudence; the first time Tommy and Tuppence appeared in a Christie novel was in The Secret Adversary. They started out their career in a search of adventure and money, the detecting life soon proved profitable and exciting. Tommy and Tuppence appear together in four full-length novels and one collection of short stories The collection of short stories is Partners in Crime,. Postern of Fate was the last novel Christie wrote, although not the last to be published. Tuppence appears as a charismatic and intuitive person while Tommy is less imaginative and less to be diverted from the truth, why they are shown to make a good team, it is in this first book The Secret Adversary that they meet up after the war, come to realise that, although they have been friends for most of their lives, they have now fallen in love with each other. Unlike many other recurring detective characters, including the better known Christie detectives and Tuppence aged in time with the real world, being in their early twenties in The Secret Adversary and in their seventies in Postern of Fate.
In their early appearances, they are portrayed as typical young people of the 1920s, the stories and settings have a more pronounced period-specific flavour than the stories featuring the better known Christie characters. As they age, they are revealed to have raised three children – twins Deborah and Derek and an adopted daughter, Betty. Throughout the series they employ a man named Albert, who first appears as a lift boy who helps them in The Secret Adversary. In Partners in Crime, Albert becomes their hapless assistant at a private detective agency. In Postern of Fate they have a small dog named Hannibal. In 1953 the BBC adapted Partners in Crime as a radio series starring Richard Attenborough and Sheila Sim; the Tommy and Tuppence characters have been portrayed on television by James Warwick and Francesca Annis, first in the feature-length The Secret Adversary, in the 10 episode series Agatha Christie's Partners in Crime. The novel By the Pricking of My Thumbs was adapted in 2005 by the French director Pascal Thomas with the title Mon petit doigt m'a dit....
The movie casts André Dussolier as Catherine Frot as Prudence Beresford. The action is transposed to Savoie in France. A second movie, Le crime est notre affaire, came out in 2008. Le crime est notre affaire is named after Partners in Crime and stars the Beresfords, but its story is based on 4.50 From Paddington, a novel starring Miss Marple. A third film Associés contre le crime is very loosely based on one of the stories in Partners in Crime. An adaptation of By the Pricking of My Thumbs appeared in 2006 as an episode of the Granada television series Marple though Christie did not write Miss Marple into the original story. In this version and Tuppence were played by Anthony Andrews and Greta Scacchi but, unlike in the book, Miss Marple and Tuppence play the detective roles while Tommy is away on intelligence business. In 2015 BBC television aired Partners in Crime, it starred David Walliams as Tommy and Jessica Raine as Tuppence. Tommy and Tuppence at the official Agatha Christie Website About Tommy and Tuppence
William Maurice Denham, OBE was an English character actor, who appeared in over 100 television programmes and films in his long career. Denham was born in Bexhill-on-Sea, the son of Eleanor Winifred and Norman Denham, he was the third child of four – Norman Keith, Winifred Joan, Charles. He was trained as a lift engineer. Like fellow actor James Robertson Justice he played amateur rugby for Beckenham RFC. In 1936 he married Elizabeth Dunn, with whom they had two sons and a daughter - Christopher and Virginia. Elizabeth died in 1971, he was awarded the OBE in 1992. He died in 2002, aged 92 at Denville Hall in London. Denham became an actor in 1934, appeared in live television broadcasts as early as 1938, continuing to perform in that medium until 1997. Denham made his name in radio comedy series such as ITMA and Much Binding in the Marsh, provided all the voices for the animated version of Animal Farm, he was nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role for his performance as Blore in 1954's The Purple Plain.
Other film credits include 23 Paces to Baker Street, Night of the Demon, Two-Way Stretch, Sink the Bismarck!, H. M. S. Defiant, Those Magnificent Men in Their Flying Machines, The Day of the Jackal, Minder on the Orient Express and 84 Charing Cross Road. Among his television appearances were as the father in Talking to a Stranger, The Lotus Eaters, as Archbishop Lang in Edward & Mrs Simpson, Gerrit Dou in Schalcken the Painter, All Passion Spent with Dame Wendy Hiller, as Mr. Justice Gwent-Evans in an episode of Rumpole of the Bailey, Behaving Badly, Inspector Morse, he appeared in the Sherlock Holmes story The Last Vampyre, with Jeremy Brett starring as Sherlock Holmes. He appeared in another Sherlock Holmes episode, starring Douglas Wilmer as Holmes, The Retired Colourman, first shown by the BBC in 1965, he made a guest appearance in the BBC science fiction television series Doctor Who in the 1984 serial The Twin Dilemma, the first story to star Colin Baker in the title role as the sixth Doctor.
He appeared in the Doctor Who radio serial The Paradise of Death in 1993 alongside Jon Pertwee. As The Honourable Mr Justice Stephen Rawley in two episodes of the BBC prison comedy Porridge, he ends up sharing a cell with Fletcher, whom he had sentenced. In further radio work, he starred in a BBC Radio 4 version of the Oldest Member, based on stories by P. G. Wodehouse, from 1994 to 1999, as Rumpole in Rumpole: The Splendours and Miseries of an Old Bailey Hack, as Dr. Alexandre Manette in A Tale of Two Cities, as'Father' in Peter Tinniswood's Winston series, as Chief Inspector Jules Maigret in several series beginning in 1976, he portrayed Hercule Poirot in a BBC radio dramatisation of The Mystery of the Blue Train. In his book British Film Character Actors, Terence Pettigrew noted that Denham'had one of the best-known bald heads in British films, his face was a minor work of art, a bright-eyed pixie face hand-painted on an egg. It could be kindly, sympathetic and infinitely expressive, he had one of the most listenable and controlled of English-speaking voices, a legacy from his many years in radio.'
Maurice Denham on IMDb Maurice Denham's stage performances listed in archive of Theatre Collection University of Bristol
Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Referring to himself as a "consulting detective" in the stories, Holmes is known for his proficiency with observation, forensic science, logical reasoning that borders on the fantastic, which he employs when investigating cases for a wide variety of clients, including Scotland Yard. First appearing in print in 1887's A Study in Scarlet, the character's popularity became widespread with the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine, beginning with "A Scandal in Bohemia" in 1891. All but one are set in the Victorian or Edwardian eras, between about 1880 and 1914. Most are narrated by the character of Holmes's friend and biographer Dr. Watson, who accompanies Holmes during his investigations and shares quarters with him at the address of 221B Baker Street, where many of the stories begin. Though not the first fictional detective, Sherlock Holmes is arguably the best known, with Guinness World Records listing him as the "most portrayed movie character" in history.
Holmes's popularity and fame are such that many have believed him to be not a fictional character but a real individual. Considered a British cultural icon, the character and stories have had a profound and lasting effect on mystery writing and popular culture as a whole, with the original tales as well as thousands written by authors other than Conan Doyle being adapted into stage and radio plays, films, video games, other media for over one hundred years. Edgar Allan Poe's C. Auguste Dupin is acknowledged as the first detective in fiction and served as the prototype for many that were created including Holmes. Conan Doyle once wrote, "Each is a root from which a whole literature has developed... Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it?" The stories of Émile Gaboriau's Monsieur Lecoq were popular at the time Conan Doyle began writing Holmes, Holmes' speech and behaviour sometimes follow that of Lecoq. Both Dupin and Lecoq are referenced at the beginning of A Study in Scarlet.
Conan Doyle said that Holmes was inspired by the real-life figure of Joseph Bell, a surgeon at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, whom Conan Doyle met in 1877 and had worked for as a clerk. Like Holmes, Bell was noted for drawing broad conclusions from minute observations. However, he wrote to Conan Doyle: "You are yourself Sherlock Holmes and well you know it". Sir Henry Littlejohn, Chair of Medical Jurisprudence at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, is cited as an inspiration for Holmes. Littlejohn, Police Surgeon and Medical Officer of Health in Edinburgh, provided Conan Doyle with a link between medical investigation and the detection of crime. Other inspirations have been considered. One has been argued to be Maximilien Heller, by French author Henry Cauvain, it is not known if Conan Doyle read Maximilien Heller, but he was fluent in French, in this 1871 novel, Henry Cauvain imagined a depressed, anti-social, opium-smoking polymath detective, operating in Paris. Michael Harrison has suggested that a German self-styled "consulting detective" named Walter Scherer may have been the model for Holmes.
Details about Sherlock Holmes' life are scarce in Conan Doyle's stories. Mentions of his early life and extended family paint a loose biographical picture of the detective. An estimate of Holmes's age in "His Last Bow" places his year of birth at 1854, his parents are not mentioned in the stories, although Holmes mentions that his "ancestors" were "country squires". In "The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter", he claims that his grandmother was sister to the French artist Vernet, without clarifying whether this was Claude Joseph, Carle, or Horace Vernet. Holmes's brother Mycroft, seven years his senior, is a government official. Mycroft has a unique civil service position as a kind of human database for all aspects of government policy, he lacks Sherlock's interest in physical investigation, preferring to spend his time at the Diogenes Club. Holmes says. A meeting with a classmate's father led him to adopt detection as a profession, he spent several years after university as a consultant before financial difficulties led him to accept John H. Watson as a fellow lodger.
The two take lodgings at 221B Baker Street, London, an apartment at the upper end of the street, up seventeen steps. Holmes worked as a detective for twenty-three years, with physician John Watson assisting him for seventeen, they were roommates before Watson's 1888 marriage and again after his wife's death. Their residence is maintained by Mrs. Hudson. Most of the stories are frame narratives, written from Watson's point of view as summaries of the detective's most interesting cases. Holmes calls Watson's writing sensational and populist, suggesting that it fails to and objectively report the "science" of his craft: Detection is, or ought to be, an exact science and should be treated in the same cold and unemotional manner. You have attempted to tinge it with romanticism, which produces much the same effect as if you worked a love-story... Some facts should be suppressed, or, at least, a just sense of proport
Detective Chief Inspector James Japp is a fictional character who appears in several of Agatha Christie's novels featuring Hercule Poirot. Japp has been depicted in seven novels written by Christie, all featuring Hercule Poirot: The Mysterious Affair at Styles The Big Four Peril at End House Lord Edgware Dies known as Thirteen at Dinner Death in the Clouds known as Death in the Air The A. B. C. Murders known as The Alphabet Murders One, Buckle My Shoe known as An Overdose of Death and The Patriotic Murders; this is his last appearance in any work by Christie. In most of these appearances, Japp is a minor character with minimal interactions with Poirot or involvement in the plot. However, Japp emerges as a major partner to Poirot in Lord Edgware Dies, he returns in this capacity in Death in the Clouds and One, Buckle My Shoe, before being written out of the series. In number of appearances, Japp is comparable to Arthur Hastings, featured in eight of the Poirot novels. Inspector Japp is briefly mentioned in the Tommy and Tuppence book The Secret Adversary.
In chapter seventeen of The Murder of Roger Ackroyd, Japp is mentioned by a police superintendent to Poirot as having asked after him. Japp is mentioned by Colonel Weston in Evil Under the Sun, the next book in the Poirot series after his final appearance. Japp is mentioned in the novel Taken at the Flood by Superintendent Spence during a conversation with Hercule Poirot. Japp's career in the Poirot novels extends into the 1930s but, like Hastings, he disappeared from Christie's writing thereafter. A police officer somewhat similar in character was introduced as a significant recurring character in the Poirot novels. Japp appears in Christie's stage play Black Coffee, written in 1929, he remarks to Poirot that it has been a "long time" since they last met, in connection with "that Welsh case", not otherwise identified. Japp appears in Charles Osborne's novelisation of Black Coffee. Like those of Miss Lemon and Arthur Hastings, the role of Inspector Japp in Poirot's career has been exaggerated by adaptations of Christie's original novels by the TV series Agatha Christie's Poirot, where these characters are introduced into stories that did not feature them.
James Japp, while being a competent detective, is no match for Poirot. Japp and Hastings commiserate on their confusion and inability to keep up with Poirot on cases. At times, Japp cannily plays upon Poirot's ego in order to nudge the detective into taking up cases, but in such ways as Poirot does not seem to realize that Japp is manoeuvring him. Japp and Hastings are generally astonished to find that Poirot cannot understand anything English; the role of Japp is played by Philip Jackson in the British TV series Agatha Christie's Poirot, where Hercule Poirot's character is played by David Suchet. Before Suchet took on the role of Poirot, he had played Japp himself in the 1985 film Thirteen at Dinner, where Peter Ustinov played Poirot. Philip Jackson plays Japp alongside John Moffat's Poirot in an ongoing series of BBC Radio adaptations, produced contemporaneously with the Suchet TV series; the portrayal of Philip Jackson is considered to be one of the best and most popular portrayals of Japp to date.
Jackson portrays Japp as working-class and'thoroughly British', not intelligent but an diligent and active police officer with a good but rather dry sense of humour, characteristics which serve as a perfect foil to Poirot's personality, intelligent, upper-class but rather slow in movements and of a serious nature. Japp is played by Melville Cooper in the 1931 film adaptation of Christie's stage play Black Coffee; as the chief inspector's name is spelled and pronounced in the same way as the ethnic slur Jap, he was renamed Inspector Sharp in the Japanese anime series Agatha Christie's Great Detectives Poirot and Marple. In the Professor Layton series of puzzle video games for the Nintendo DS and Nintendo 3DS, the fictional Scotland Yard chief inspector Chelmey appears visually and contextually as a comically incompetent caricature of Inspector Japp as played by Philip Jackson. A retired Japp is played by Kevin McNally in The ABC Murders. Inspector Japp at the official Agatha Christie website
Agatha Christie bibliography
Agatha Christie was an English crime novelist, short-story writer and playwright. Her reputation rests on 66 detective novels and 14 short-story collections that have sold over two billion copies—an amount surpassed only by the Bible and the works of William Shakespeare, her works contain several regular characters with whom the public became familiar, including Hercule Poirot, Miss Marple and Tuppence Beresford, Parker Pyne and Harley Quin. Christie wrote more Poirot stories than any of the others though she thought the character to be "rather insufferable". Following the publication of the 1975 novel Curtain, Poirot's obituary appeared on the front page of The New York Times, she married Archibald Christie in December 1914 but the couple were divorced in 1928. After he was sent to the Western Front in the First World War, she worked with the Voluntary Aid Detachment and in the chemist dispensary, giving her a working background knowledge of medicines and poisons. Christie's writing career began during the war after she was challenged by her sister to write a detective story.
Following the limited success of the novel, she continued to write and built up a fan base. She went on to write over a hundred works, including further novels, short stories, plays and two autobiographies, she wrote six romantic novels under the pseudonym Mary Westmacott. One of Christie's plays, The Mousetrap, opened in West End theatre in 1952 and, as at December 2018, was still running. In September 2015 a public vote identified And Then There Were None—originally published in 1939 under the name Ten Little Niggers—as the public's favourite Christie novel. In September 1930 Christie married the archaeologist Max Mallowan; the pair travelled on archaeological expeditions and she used the experiences as a basis for some plots, including Murder on the Orient Express, Murder in Mesopotamia and Death on the Nile. She wrote the autobiographical travel book Come, Tell Me How You Live, which described their life in Syria. Christie died in January 1976, her reputation as a crime novelist high. In chronological order by UK publication date when the book was published first in the US or serialised in a magazine in advance of publication in book form.
Many of Christie's stories first appeared in journals and magazines. This list consists of the published collections of stories, in chronological order by UK publication date when the book was published first in the US or serialised in a magazine in advance of publication in book form; this list contains all short stories published by Agatha Christie in the UK or the US. A total of 165 stories have been written and published in 15 collections in the US and the UK. 164 stories were published in the UK with the omission of "Three Blind Mice". The original short stories that were used for The Big Four were published in 2017. 152 stories were published in the US with the omission of "Christmas Adventure", the original version of "The Adventure of the Christmas Pudding". Some stories were published under different names in the US Collections. Four short stories, "The Submarine Plans", "Christmas Adventure", "The Mystery of the Baghdad Chest" and "The Second Gong", were expanded into longer stories by Christie.
All four of the original versions were published in the UK, three of them were published in the US. This is a list of 165 stories sorted by the 15 UK collections in chronological order; this is a list of 14 US collections, excluding Poirot's Early Cases since all of its eighteen stories appeared in earlier collections. Several of Christie's works have been adapted for screen; the definitive study of Agatha Christie's stage plays is Curtain Up: Agatha Christie, A Life in Theatre by Julius Green
Miss Marple is a fictional character in Agatha Christie's crime novels and short stories. An elderly spinster who lives in the village of St. Mary Mead and acts as an amateur consulting detective, she is one of the best known of Christie's characters and has been portrayed numerous times on screen, her first appearance was in a short story published in The Royal Magazine in December 1927, "The Tuesday Night Club", which became the first chapter of The Thirteen Problems. Her first appearance in a full-length novel was in The Murder at the Vicarage in 1930; the character of Miss Marple is based on Christie's step grandmother/aunt's cronies. Christie attributed the inspiration for the character of Miss Marple to a number of sources, stating that Miss Marple was "the sort of old lady who would have been rather like some of my step grandmother's Ealing cronies – old ladies whom I have met in so many villages where I have gone to stay as a girl". Christie used material from her fictional creation, spinster Caroline Sheppard, who appeared in The Murder of Roger Ackroyd.
When Michael Morton adapted the novel for the stage, he replaced the character of Caroline with a young girl. This change saddened Christie and she determined to give old maids a voice: Miss Marple was born. Christie may have taken the name from Marple railway station, through which she passed, or from Marple Hall, near her sister Madge's home at Abney Hall; the character of Jane Marple in the first Miss Marple book, The Murder at the Vicarage, is markedly different from how she appears in books. This early version of Miss Marple is a gleeful gossip and not an nice woman; the citizens of St. Mary Mead like her but are tired by her nosy nature and how she seems to expect the worst of everyone. In books, she becomes more modern and a kinder person. Miss Marple solves difficult crimes because of her shrewd intelligence, St. Mary Mead, over her lifetime, has given her infinite examples of the negative side of human nature. Crimes always remind her of a parallel incident, although acquaintances may be bored by analogies that lead her to a deeper realization about the true nature of a crime.
She has a remarkable ability to latch onto a casual comment and connect it to the case at hand. In several stories, she is able to rely on her acquaintance with Sir Henry Clithering, a retired commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, for official information when required. Miss Marple never has no close living relatives, her nephew, the "well-known author" Raymond West, appears in some stories, including Sleeping Murder and Ingots of Gold, which feature his wife, Joan, a modern artist - and not to be confused with another artist friend of Raymond West's, Joyce Lemprière). Raymond underestimates his aunt's mental acuity. Miss Marple employs young women from a nearby orphanage, whom she trains for service as general housemaids after the retirement of her long-time maid-housekeeper, faithful Florence, she was looked after by her irritating companion, Miss Knight. In her years, companion Cherry Baker, first introduced in The Mirror Crack'd From Side to Side, lives in. Miss Marple has never worked for her living and is of independent means, although she benefits in her old age from the financial support of Raymond West, her nephew.
She is not herself from the aristocracy or landed gentry, but is quite at home among them and would have been happy to describe herself as "genteel". Miss Marple may thus be considered a female version of that staple of British detective fiction, the gentleman detective, she demonstrates a remarkably thorough education, including some art courses that involved study of human anatomy through the study of human cadavers. In They Do It with Mirrors, it is revealed that Miss Marple grew up in a cathedral close, that she studied at an Italian finishing school with Americans Ruth Van Rydock and Caroline "Carrie" Louise Serrocold. While Miss Marple is described as "an old lady" in many of the stories, her age is mentioned in "At Bertram's Hotel", where it is said she visited the hotel when she was fourteen and sixty years have passed since then. Excluding Sleeping Murder, forty-one years passed between the first and last-written novels, many characters grow and age. An example would be the Vicar's nephew: in The Murder at the Vicarage, the Reverend Clement's nephew Dennis is a teenager.
The effects of ageing are seen on Miss Marple, such as needing a holiday after illness in A Caribbean Mystery but she is if anything more agile in Nemesis, set only sixteen months later. Contrary to most fictional detectives, Miss Marple's background is described in some detail albeit in glimpses across the novels and short stories in which she appears, she has a large family, including a sister, the mother of Raymond and Mabel Denham, a young woman, accused of poisoning her husband Geoffrey. The Murder at the Vicarage The Body in the Library The Moving Finger A Murder Is Announced They Do It with Mirrors, or Murder with Mirrors A Pocket Full of Rye 4.50 from Paddington, or What Mrs. McGillicuddy Saw! The Mirror Crack'd from Side to Side, or The Mirror Crack'd A Caribbean Mystery At Bertram's Hotel Nemesis Sleeping Murder The Thirteen Problems Miss Marple's Final Cases and Two Other Stories (shor