Sandown is a seaside resort and civil parish on the south-east coast of the Isle of Wight, with the town of Shanklin to the south and the settlement of Lake in between. Sandown is the northernmost town of Sandown Bay, known for its long stretches of accessible, sandy beach; the outer Bay is used as a sheltered anchorage, with ships requiring salvage periodically towed there. The wreck of a salvage tug could be seen until at low tide under Culver Cliff, assisting the stricken tanker Pacific Glory in the 1970s. Together with Shanklin, Sandown forms a built-up area of 21,374 inhabitants. Sandown is a Victorian seaside resort surrounded by a wealth of natural features. To the north is Culver Down, a chalk down accessible to the public owned and managed by the National Trust, it supports typical chalk downland wildlife, along with seabirds and birds of prey which nest on the adjoining cliffs. Nearby are Sandown Levels in the flood plain of the River Yar, one of the few freshwater wetlands on the Isle of Wight, where Alverstone Mead Local Nature Reserve is a popular spot for birdwatching.
Further inland the woodland of Borthwood provides delightful woodland walks, bluebells aplenty in the spring. The area's most significant wildlife designation is the Special Area of Conservation which covers the marine sub-littoral zone, including the reefs and seabed. At extreme low tide, a petrified forest is revealed in the northern part of the Bay, fragments of petrified wood are washed up on the beach; until the 19th century, Sandown was on the map chiefly for its military significance, with the beaches of the Bay feared to offer easy landing spots for invaders from the continent. It is the site of the lost Sandown Castle. While undergoing construction in 1545, the castle was attacked by a French force which had fought its way over Culver Down from Whitecliff Bay, resulting in the French being repelled, it was built too far into the sea and suffered erosion, until now reduced to a pile of rocks. Forts in the town include the Diamond Fort, built inshore to replace the castle and which fought off a minor attack from privateers in 1788, the present "Granite Fort" at Yaverland, now the zoo.
One of the first non-military buildings was "Villakin", a holiday home leased by the radical politician and one-time Mayor of London John Wilkes in the final years of the 18th century. The arrival of the railway in 1864 saw Sandown grow in size, with the town's safe bathing becoming popular. In the summer of 1874, the Crown Prince and Princess of Germany and their children rented several properties in the town and took regular dips in the Bay. Sandown's pier was built in the same decade, opening in May 1878; the town laid further claim to becoming a fashionable English resort when the Ocean Hotel opened in 1899. However, Sandown's destiny in the 20th century was to be a favourite bucket-and-spade destination for all classes; the Canoe Lake opened in 1929, followed by Brown's Golf Course in 1932 offering'Golf for Everybody'. The golf course and its ice cream factory were adapted in the 1940s to disguise pumping apparatus for Pipe Line Under the Ocean designed to pump oil to the D-Day beaches; the Art Deco Grand Hotel, now closed and awaiting demolition, was built next to Brown's in the late 1930s.
Today, Sandown esplanade has a mixture of Victorian and Edwardian hotels and their modern counterparts overlooking the beach and the Bay. Sandown Pier hosts an amusement centre with arcade games, children's play areas and places to eat and drink; the pier is used for sea fishing, with designated areas for anglers. Further north is the Isle of Wight Zoo. Nearby is the Dinosaur Isle geological museum and Sandham Grounds, offering a skate park, children's play park, crazy golf and bowls. Commissioned and built by the Local Government Board in 1869, Sandown's Grade-2 listed former Town Hall is situated in Grafton Street; the present-day Sandown Town Council no longer use the building and moved to new headquarters in 2018. The town's summer carnival has been entertaining visitors since 1889. Today's organisers put on a series of events including the popular Children's Carnival and Illuminated Carnival, as well as November Celebrations in the year with entertainment and fireworks. Since 2017, a further Sandown event called Hullabaloo has been held over two days in May, organised by Shademakers UK Carnival Club in collaboration with local businesses and charities.
Sandown offers an assortment of restaurants. The pubs range from the more traditional offering a selection of local ales and ciders, to more family-friendly'gastro-pubs' with a wider menu. Restaurants in the town offer a varied cuisine and there are a variety of traditional tea rooms on High Street. A full listing of places to eat and drink in Sandown is now available online. Sandown railway station is on the Island's one remaining public railway line from Ryde Pier Head to Shanklin; as well as the Island Line Railway, Sandown is served by regular buses run by Southern Vectis on routes 2, 3 and 8. Destinations which can be directly reached include Bembridge, Ryde and Ventnor. Night buses are run on Fridays and Saturdays, along route 3. Local bus services run by Wightbus have now been re-absorbed by Southern Vectis. Sandown is on the Isle between Niton and Ryde; the TV series Tiger Island chronicles the lives of the more than twenty tigers living at Isle of Wight Zoo. Sandown is twinned with the town of Tonnay-Charente, in the western French département of Charente-Maritime.
Its American twin town is St. Pete Beach
In the United Kingdom, an ancient woodland is a woodland that has existed continuously since 1600 or before in England and Northern Ireland. Before those dates, planting of new woodland was uncommon, so a wood present in 1600 was to have developed naturally. In most ancient woods, the trees and shrubs have been cut down periodically as part of the management cycle. Provided that the area has remained as woodland, the stand is still considered ancient. Since it may have been cut over many times in the past, ancient woodland does not contain old trees. For many species of animal and plant, ancient woodland sites provide the sole habitat, for many others, conditions on these sites are much more suitable than those on other sites. Ancient woodland in the UK, like rainforest in the tropics, is home to threatened species. For these reasons ancient woodland is described as an irreplaceable resource, or'critical natural capital'; the analogous term used in the United States is "Old-growth forest". Ancient woodland is formally defined on maps by equivalent bodies.
Mapping of ancient woodland has been undertaken in different ways and at different times, the quality and availability of data varies from region to region, although there are some efforts to standardise and update it. Many ancient woodlands have legal protection of various types, but it is not automatically the case that any ancient woodland is protected; some examples of ancient woodland are nationally or locally designated, for example as Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Others have no designations. Ancient woodlands require special consideration when they are affected by planning application; the National Planning Policy Framework published in 2012 is the government policy document relating to planning decisions affecting ancient woodland. The importance of ancient woodlands as an irreplaceable habitat is set out in paragraph 118 of the NPPF, which states: ‘planning permission should be refused for development resulting in the loss or deterioration of irreplaceable habitats, including ancient woodland and the loss of aged or veteran trees found outside ancient woodland, unless the need for, benefits of, the development in that location outweigh the loss.’ The concept of ancient woodland, rich in plant diversity and managed through traditional practices, was developed by the ecologist Oliver Rackham in his 1980 book Ancient Woodland, its History and Uses in England, which he wrote following his earlier research on Hayley Wood in Cambridgeshire.
The definition of ancient woodland includes two sub-types: Ancient semi-natural woodland and Planted ancient woodland site. Ancient semi-natural woodland is composed of native tree species that have not been planted. Planted ancient woodland is an ancient woodland site where the native species have been or wholly replaced with a non locally native species; these woodlands have a plantation structure, with aged crops of one or two species planted for commercial purposes. Many of these ancient woodlands were converted to conifer plantations following war-time fellings. PAWS sites, whilst not being of such high ecological value as ASNW contain remnants of semi-natural species where shading has been less intense, restoration of more semi-natural structures through gradual thinning is possible. Since the recognition of the ecological and historical values of ancient woodland, PAWS restoration has been a priority amongst many woodland owners and governmental and non-governmental agencies, has been supported by various grant schemes.
Some restored PAWS sites are now indistinguishable from ASNW. There is no formal method for reclassifying restored PAWS as ASNW, although some woodland managers now use the acronym RPAWS for a restored site. Species which are characteristic of ancient woodland sites are called ancient woodland indicator species, such as bluebells, wood anemone, yellow archangel and primrose for example, representing a type of ecological indicator; the term tends to be applied more usefully to desiccation-sensitive plant species, lichens and bryophytes, than to animals, as they are slower to colonise planted woodlands, are thus viewed as more reliable indicators of ancient woodland sites. Sequences of pollen analysis are indicators of forest continuity. Lists of ancient woodland indicator species among vascular plants were developed by the Nature Conservancy Council for each region of England, each list containing the hundred most reliable indicators for that region; the methodology involved studying the plants of known woodland sites and analysing patterns of occurrence to determine which species were most indicative of sites from before 1600.
In England this resulted in the first national Ancient Woodland Inventory, produced in the 1980s. Although ancient woodland indicator species can and do occur in post-1600 woodlands, in non-woodland sites such as hedgerows, it is uncommon for a site, not ancient woodland to host a double-figure indicator species total. More recent methodologies supplement these field observations and ecological measurements with historical data from maps and local records, which were not assessed in the original Nature Conservancy Council surveys. Ancient woods were valuable properties for their owners, as a source of wood fuel and forage for pigs. In southern England, hazel was important for coppicing, the
Isle of Wight Fire and Rescue Service
Isle of Wight Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service covering the Isle of Wight off the south coast of England. In March 2007, the Isle of Wight Council voted to maintain the independence of the Isle of Wight Fire and Rescue service, instead of a merger with the Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service. In February 2009, plans were announced for a three-year £8 million replacement programme changing part-time stations to full-time; the move would be done in an attempt to reduce response times to 999 alerts. It could see Ryde's fire station change to full-time, Sandown's, but part-time stations would continue to operate as normal in rural areas; the extra investment would minimise chances of a future merger with Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service on the mainland. On a 2009 assessment by a government watchdog, the service was found to be performing well, getting a three star rating out of four, after a poor rating in 2005; the Isle of Wight has a total of ten fire stations, one wholetime/retained, one day crew/retained and eight retained.
Water Rescue Ladder: P1 / P2 /P3 Aerial Ladder Platform: A1 Incident Command Unit: C1 Heavy Rescue Tender: R1 Water Rescue Unit: R2 Breathing Apparatus Support Unit S1 Foam Salvage Tender: S1 General Purpose Vehicle: S1/S2 Light 4x4 Vehicle: T1/T2 Prime Mover + High Volume Pump: T9 Prime Mover + Mass Decontamination Unit: T8 Co-Responder Vehicle: V1 Water Carrier: W1 Station Officer Vehicle: O1/O2 List of British firefighters killed in the line of duty Official website
Shanklin is a popular seaside resort and civil parish on the Isle of Wight, located on Sandown Bay. Shanklin is the southernmost of three settlements which occupy the bay, is close to Lake and Sandown; the sandy beach, its Old Village and a wooded ravine, Shanklin Chine, are its main attractions. The esplanade along the beach is occupied by hotels and restaurants for the most part, is one of the most tourist-oriented parts of the town; the other is the Old Village, at the top of Shanklin Chine. Together with Lake and Sandown to the north, Shanklin forms a built up area of 21,374 inhabitants; the main shopping centre consists of two roads, Regent Street and High Street, which together comprise the largest retail area in the south of the Isle of Wight. Near Regent Street are the Co-op and Lidl. In Regent Street itself are many local shops, including two arts and crafts shops, several clothing and sports shops, three newsagents and three bakeries; the High Street has some local shops, but is dominated by tourist shops and restaurants.
Shanklin railway station is the terminus of the Island Line from Ryde, opened on 23 August 1864. The railway was extended south to Ventnor in 1866, but this section was closed in 1966; the line from Ryde to Shanklin is now operated by former London Underground tube trains. In October 2004 a direct link was revived in the form of a bus service named the "Rail link"; this was replaced by the Southern Vectis number 3 bus. Bus services to nearby towns and suburbs are run by Southern Vectis on routes 2, 3, 22 and 24, principally from the bus stands at the Co-op supermarket. Destinations served include Newchurch, Ryde, Sandown and Winford. In the summer, an open top bus route called "The Sandown Bay Tour" is run, serving the main tourist areas of Shanklin and running to Sandown. Shanklin has one theatre, Shanklin Theatre, just off the top end of the High Street. In July and August 1819 the poet John Keats lodged at Eglantine Cottage in the resort's High Street, where he completed the first book of Lamia and began a drama, Otho the Great, with his friend Charles Armitage Brown.
In July 1868 the American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow stayed at the Crab Inn in Shanklin's Old Village during his last visit to Europe and left a poem about it on a stone by the pub. It is not held to be amongst his best work.. The 1980s indiepop band Trixie's Big Red Motorbike were from Shanklin, recorded some of their records there. Victoria Cross recipient and Deputy Governor of the Isle of Wight, Colonel Henry Gore-Browne retired to Shanklin before his death in 1912. According to Joseph Jacobs's 1890 version of The Three Little Pigs, the version of the story on which all versions are based, the Three Pigs and the Wolf live near Shanklin. Shanklin is on the coast of Sandown Bay, therefore is part of the long beach which spans between Yaverland in the North to Luccombe in the South; the section of beach situated next to Shanklin is split into Small Hope Hope Beach. Above Hope Beach is the esplanade which boasts some traditional seaside attractions including an amusement arcade, a crazy golf course, a children's play area, with slides, ball pools, bouncy castles, swings etc. available to be hired for a child's birthday party.
There are several seafront hotels, a cliff lift from the seafront to the top of the cliff, a putting course, several cafes and restaurants and pubs, a large, clean beach. Shanklin used to have a pier, but this was destroyed in the Great Storm of 1987; the pier had a theatre at which many famous performers appeared, including Paul Robeson, Richard Tauber and Arthur Askey. The Summerland Amusement Arcade on the seafront was a seaplane hangar positioned at Bembridge where it housed Fairey Campania seaplanes of the Nizam of Hyderabad's Squadron. Large areas of the seafront were damaged or destroyed during the Bombing raids of World War II, but were rebuilt after the war, causing the current seafront to be a varied mixture of Victorian, inter-war and post-war architecture. Shanklin Sailing Club is situated at the North end of the Esplanade. Founded in 1931 as'Shanklin Amateur Sailing Club', the club has a fleet of Sprint 15 catamarans and holds races three days a week during the season. Further along the beach is the Fisherman's Cottage pub.
This is at the bottom of Shanklin Chine, from which the town takes its name "Chynklyng Chine" and in the Domesday Book of 1086 Sencliz from "Scen-hlinc". The Chine is open to the public for a small fee and continues up to Rylstone Gardens in the Old Village, it contains a small section of the pipe of the "Operation Pluto" pipeline which ran across the Isle of Wight and out from Shanklin and another branch from Sandown to supply fuel to the D-Day beaches. America Wood is a Site of Special Scientific Interest located between Whiteley Bank, it is owned by the Woodland Trust It takes a bit of stamina and determination to get into America Wood, on the outskirts of Shanklin, since it has little accessible parking. However, the more active Isle of Wight visitor can make use of public footpaths and bridleways that lead into the wood. There is an ‘open’ feel to the site with storm damage during the Great Storm of 1987 and the Burns' Day storm of 1990 felling trees and creating lots of open sections. There is one large glade, recovering from the storms.
The woods is situated just west of Ninham. Dunnose is a large cape, situated southwest of the town. An imposing and high ge
Fire services in the United Kingdom
The fire services in the United Kingdom operate under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland. Emergency cover is provided by over fifty agencies; these are known as a fire and rescue service, the term used in modern legislation and by government departments. The older terms of fire brigade and fire service survive in informal usage and in the names of a few organisations. England and Wales have local fire services which are each overseen by a fire authority, made up of representatives of local governments. Fire authorities have the power to raise a Council Tax levy for funding, with the remainder coming from the government. Scotland and Northern Ireland have centralised fire services, so their authorities are committees of the devolved parliaments; the total budget for fire services in 2014-15 was £2.9 billion. Central government maintains national standards and a body of independent advisers through the Chief Fire and Rescue Adviser, created in 2007, while Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services provides direct oversight.
The devolved government in Scotland has HMFSI Scotland. Firefighters in the United Kingdom are allowed to join unions, the main one being the Fire Brigades Union, while chief fire officers are members of the National Fire Chiefs Council, which has some role in national co-ordination; the fire services have undergone significant changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process, propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational procedures in the light of terrorism attacks and threats. See separate article History of fire safety legislation in the United Kingdom Comprehensive list of recent UK fire and rescue service legislation: Fire services are established and granted their powers under new legislation which has replaced a number of Acts of Parliament dating back more than 60 years, but is still undergoing change. 1938: Fire Brigades Act 1938. This Act provided for centralised co-ordination of fire brigades in Great Britain and made it mandatory for local authorities to arrange an effective fire service.
1947: Fire Services Act 1947 This Act transferred the functions of the National Fire Service to local authorities. Now repealed in England and Wales by Schedule 2 of the Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004. 1959: Fire Services Act 1959 This Act amended the 1947 Act. It was repealed in Wales along with the 1947 Act. 1999: Greater London Authority Act 1999 This act was necessary to allow for the formation of the Greater London Authority and in turn the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority. In 2002, there was a series of national fire strikes, with much of the discontent caused by the aforementioned report into the fire service conducted by Prof Sir George Bain. In December 2002, the Independent Review of the Fire Service was published with the industrial action still ongoing. Bain's report led to a change in the laws relating to firefighting. 2002: Independent Review of the Fire Service published 2004: Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004 only applying to England and Wales. 2006: The Regulatory Reform Order 2005 This piece of secondary legislation or statutory instrument replaces several other acts that dealt with fire precautions and fire safety in premises, including the now defunct process of issuing fire certificates.
It came into force on 1 October 2006. The DfCLG has published a set of guides for non-domestic premises: 2006: The Government of Wales Act 2006 gave the National Assembly for Wales powers to pass laws on "Fire and rescue services. Promotion of fire safety otherwise than by prohibition or regulation." But does not prevent future legislation being passed by the UK government which applies to two or more constituent countries. There are further plans to modernise the fire service according to the Local Government Association, its website outlines future changes, specific projects: "The aim of the Fire Modernisation Programme is to adopt modern work practices within the Fire & Rescue Service to become more efficient and effective, while strengthening the contingency and resilience of the Service to react to incidents. " The fire service in England and Wales is scrutinised by a House of Commons select committee. In June 2006, the fire and rescue service select committee, under the auspices of the Communities and Local Government Committee, published its latest report.
Committee report The committee's brief is described on its website: The Communities and Local Government Committee is appointed by the House of Commons to examine the expenditure and policy of the Department for Communities and Local Government and its associated bodies. Government response This document, the subsequent government response in September 2006, are important as they outlined progress on the FiReControl, efforts to address diversity and the planned closure of HMFSI in 2007 among many issues. Both documents are interesting as they refer back to Professor Bain's report and the many recommendations it made and continue to put forward the notion that there is an ongoing need to modernise FRSs. For example, where FRSs were inspected by HMFSI, much of this work is now carried out by the National Audit Office. Fire Control On 8 February 2010 the House of Commons Communities and Local Governm
Newport, Isle of Wight
Newport is a civil parish and the county town of the Isle of Wight, an island off the south coast of England. The civil parish had a population of 23,957 at the time of the 2001 census, which rose to 25,496 at the 2011 census; the town lies to the north of the centre of the Island. It has a quay at the head of the navigable section of the River Medina, which flows northward to Cowes and the Solent. Mousterian remains, featuring tools made by Neanderthals at least 40,000 years ago, were found at Great Pan Farm in the 1970s. There are signs of Roman settlement in the area, known as Medina, including two known Roman villas, one of which, Newport Roman Villa, has been excavated and is open to the public. Information about the area resumes after the Norman Conquest; the first charter was granted in the late 12th century. In 1377 an invading French force burnt down much of the town while attempting to take Carisbrooke Castle under the command of Sir Hugh Tyrill. A group of Frenchmen were captured and killed buried in a tumulus nicknamed Noddies Hill, a "noddy" being medieval slang for a body.
This was corrupted to Nodehill, the present-day name for a part of central Newport – a name confusing to many as the area is flat. In 1648 Charles I and a group of Parliamentary Commissioners concluded the Treaty of Newport, an attempt at reaching a compromise in the Civil War, undermined by Charles's negotiations with the French and Scots to intervene on his behalf; the Treaty was repudiated by Oliver Cromwell upon returning from defeating the Scots at the Battle of Preston. This led to Charles's execution; the town had been incorporated as a borough in 1608. The town's position as an area of trade accessible to the sea meant it took over from nearby Carisbrooke as the main central settlement absorbing the latter as a suburb; the borough ceased to exist in 1974 when it was incorporated into the larger Borough of Medina, itself superseded in 1995 by a single unitary authority covering the whole of the Isle of Wight. The Drill hall in Newport opened as the headquarters of the Isle of Wight Rifle Volunteers in 1860.
Newport since the 1960s has acquired new shopping facilities, a pedestrianised central square, through road traffic redirected off many of the narrow streets. Newport Quay has been redeveloped with art galleries such as the Quay Arts Centre and new flats converted from old warehouses; the Queen Victoria Memorial was designed by local architect Percy Stone. Geographically located in the centre of the Island at 50.701°N, 1.2883°W, Newport is the principal town in the Isle of Wight, to which there are transport connections from all the island's major towns. It is the island's main shopping location for public services; the main A3020 and A3054 roads converge as Medina Way between the busy roundabouts at Coppins Bridge and St Mary's Hospital. Newport railway station was the hub of the Island's rail network until the mid-20th century, but it closed in 1966 and the site is now occupied by the A3020 Medina Way dual carriageway; the nearest city to the town is Portsmouth, about 13 miles north-east on Portsea Island, adjoining the mainland.
More locally, the island's largest town, is to the north-east. The River Medina runs through Newport. North of its confluence with the Lukely Brook at the town's quay it becomes a navigable tidal estuary. Distance from surrounding settlements Cowes – 4.5 miles, 7 km East Cowes – 5 miles, 8 km Ryde – 7 miles, 11 km Shanklin – 9 miles, 15 km Sandown – 10 miles, 16 km Ventnor – 11 miles, 18 km Yarmouth, Isle of Wight – 10 miles, 16 km The town's suburb of Parkhurst is home to two prisons: the notorious Parkhurst Prison and Albany. Parkhurst and Albany were once among the few top-security prisons in the United Kingdom. Camp Hill was another prison in the area, but closed in 2013. Seaclose Park in Newport, on the east bank of the River Medina, has since 2002 been the location for the revived Isle of Wight Music Festival, held once a year. Newport is home to the Postal Museum the largest private collection of vintage postal equipment and post boxes in the world. Newport bus station is the town's central bus terminus and acts as the hub of the Southern Vectis network, with routes from across the Island terminating there.
St George's Park is the home of Newport Football Club, the most successful of the Island's football teams playing in the Wessex League. The stadium has a capacity of 3,000; the town is represented by Newport Cricket Club, which plays at Victoria recreational ground. Newport CC have two teams which compete in Harwoods Renault Divisions 1 and 2; the Isle of Wight County Cricket Ground is located on the outskirts of the town. The town of Newport and adjoining village of Carisbrooke together have seven primary schools, three secondary schools, a sixth-form campus, a further education college and two special schools; the primary schools located close to the town centre are Newport C of E Primary and Nine Acres Community Primary. Barton Primary is located on Pan estate, whilst Summerfields Primary is nearby on the Staplers estate, both to the east of the town. Hunnyhill Primary is situated on Forest Road to the north of the town, there are two primary schools in Carisbrooke: Carisbrooke C of E Primary on Wellington Road and St Thomas of Canterbury Catholic Primary in the High Street in the village centre.
The three secondary schools are Medina College and Christ the King College. Carisbrooke College is located on a large site on the outskirts of Carisbrooke village, whilst Christ the King is just down the road occupying two former middle school sites on
Hampshire Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for policing the counties of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight in South East England. The force area includes Southampton, the largest city in South East England, the naval city of Portsmouth, it covers the New Forest National Park, sections of the South Downs National Park, large towns such as Basingstoke, Andover and Aldershot, the historic city of Winchester. The constabulary, as it is constituted, dates from 1967, but modern policing in Hampshire can be traced back to 1832. In late 2015, the force moved its strategic headquarters to Eastleigh, into a building shared with Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service. At the same time, the force moved its Operational Headquarters to Mottisfont Court in Winchester; the Support & Training Headquarters and control room are located in Netley, near Southampton, in buildings of the former Netley Hospital. The first constituted police force formed in Hampshire was the Winchester City Police, founded in 1832.
The Hampshire County Constabulary was established seven years in December 1839 as a result of the passing of the County Police Act that year. The force had a chief constable and two superintendents: one was based in Winchester, the second based on the Isle of Wight; the first separate police force on the island was formed in 1837 when the Newport Borough Police was established. A separate Isle of Wight Constabulary was not formed until 1890 when the island was the granted administrative county status. During the 19th century, Hampshire County Constabulary absorbed various borough forces including Basingstoke Borough Police, Romsey Borough Police, Lymington Borough Police and Andover Borough Police; the Isle of Wight Constabulary absorbed the borough forces of Newport and Ryde. Winchester and Portsmouth continued to have independent police forces. In 1914 the Special Constabulary started to perform regular duties'for the continuous preservation of order during the war'. Prior to this Special Constables were only called up to assist at major riots.
In 1943, as part of the Defence Regulations 1942, Hampshire County Constabulary was amalgamated with the Isle of Wight and Winchester City Police forces to form the Hampshire Joint Police Force. The two city forces, Southampton City Police and Portsmouth City Police, remained independent. Although this arrangement was intended only as a wartime measure, it continued after hostilities ended. In 1948, the merger was made permanent, with Hampshire Joint Police Force being renamed Hampshire Constabulary; the name was changed once again to Hampshire and Isle of Wight Constabulary. The Police Act 1964 led to the amalgamation of the city forces into the Hampshire force; this created the present-day Hampshire Constabulary. The last major changes to the police area were in 1974, when the Local Government Act changed a number of local government areas, the responsibility for policing Christchurch was transferred to Dorset Police; the names of forces that have policed the counties of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight since the nineteenth century are illustrated below: In 1965, the force had an establishment of 1,346 and an actual strength of 1,137.
The headquarters moved to their current locations in Eastleigh and Winchester in 2015. The previous facility in Winchester, close to Winchester Prison sat on the site of the first county headquarters, built in 1847. Between 2013 and 2017, a number of police stations were closed and sold, while others had their public facilities closed; the need to reduce costs led to the formation of a Joint Operations Unit with Thames Valley Police which, during the course of 2012, saw the amalgamation of Roads Policing Units, Training and Dog Units of the two forces. The IT departments of the forces merged in early 2011. In April 2015, Hampshire Constabulary announced a "new-look policing model", beginning a major reorganisation. 1840 - 14 Superintendents appointed, each to head a'Division'. 1893 - Chief Constable Peregrine Fellowes, a former Assistant Adjutant General of Australia, in office for less than two years, is fatally injured in Romsey Road, Winchester - outside police headquarters - when, together with other officers, he attempts to stop a runaway horse and trap.
Crushed against a wall he dies several days from his injuries and is buried in the Fellowes family plot at Westhill Cemetery, Winchester. 1914 - In Andover, the imprisonment of a mother and daughter sparks rioting involving crowds of up to two thousand people. Local officers seek the assistance of the fire brigade who are pelted with stones and retreat to their station; the arrival of mounted officers from Basingstoke fails to quell the disturbances and only after three days do extra officers drafted in from other stations bring the disorder to an end. 1915 - Southampton Police appoint two women police - they were not served in uniform. Miss Annette Tate was one of them 1929 - Hampshire Constabulary acquires its first motorised patrol vehicle - a BSA motorcycle combination. 1943 - Winchester City Police and Isle of Wight Constabulary forced to amalgamate with Hampshire as a war time measure. The amalgamation became permanent in 1947. 1944 - Women Inspector appointed: Miss P Yates. 1957 - On 1 April the name of the force changed from Hampshire Constabulary to Hampshire and Isle of Wight Constabulary 1967 - Southampton Police and Portsmouth Police amalgamated with the Hampshire County Force 1970 - The Isle of Wight Festival takes place at Afton Down attracting huge crowds, estimates varying from five to six hu