National Junior College Athletic Association
The National Junior College Athletic Association, founded in 1938, is the governing association of community college, state college and junior college athletics throughout the United States. The NJCAA holds 24 separate regions across 24 states and is divided into 3 divisions; the idea for the NJCAA was conceived in 1937 at California. A handful of junior college representatives met to organize an association that would promote and supervise a national program of junior college sports and activities consistent with the educational objectives of junior colleges; the constitution presented at the charter meeting in Fresno on May 14, 1938, was accepted and the National Junior College Athletic Association became a functioning organization. In 1949, the NJCAA was reorganized by dividing the nation into sixteen regions; the officers of the association were the president, vice president, treasurer, public relations director, the sixteen regional vice presidents. Although the NJCAA was founded in California, it no longer operates there and has been supplanted instead by the unaffiliated California Community College Athletic Association with 100+ colleges participating.
The NJCAA allowed male competitors only until 1975. Based out of Hutchinson, KS since 1968, the national office relocated to Colorado Springs, CO in 1985. Following 23 years in the Rocky Mountain region, the NJCAA moved its headquarters to Charlotte, NC with a major announcement in February 2018. At this time, the association adopted a new governance structure- the 37-member NJCAA Board of Regents along with its inaugural Future Leaders Internship program; each institution belonging to the NJCAA chooses to compete on the Division I, II or III level in designated sports. Division I colleges may offer full athletic scholarships a maximum of tuition, fees and board, course related books, up to $250 in course required supplies, transportation costs one time per academic year to and from the college by direct route. Division II colleges are limited to awarding tuition, course related books, up to $250 in course required supplies. Division III institutions may provide no athletically related financial assistance.
However, NJCAA colleges that do not offer athletic aid may choose to participate at the Division I or II level if they so desire.http://www.njcaa.org/eligibility/faq Academic Student-Athlete Awards by sport NJCAA Academic Team of the Year by sport Betty Jo Graber Female Student-Athlete of the Year by sport David Rowlands Male Student-Athlete of the Year by sport Lea Plarski Award by sport NJCAA Sponsors by sport Service Awards by sport NJCAA Hall of Fame See footnoteNJCAA Hall of Fame See footnoteNJCAA Baseball Coaches Association Hall of Fame See footnotesNJCAA Basketball Hall of Fame See footnoteNJCAA Men's Basketball Coaches Association Hall of Fame See footnoteNJCAA Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame See footnoteNJCAA Football Coaches Association Hall of Fame See footnote Region 1 Arizona Community College Athletic Conference Region 2 Bi-State Conference Region 3 Mid-State Athletic Conference, Mountain Valley Athletic Conference, Western New York Athletic Conference Region 4 Illinois N4C Conference, Illinois Skyway Conference, Arrowhead Conference Region 5 Metro Athletic Conference, North Texas Junior College Athletic Conference, Western Junior College Athletic Conference Region 6 Kansas Jayhawk Community College Conference Region 7 Tennessee Junior and Community College Athletic Association Region 8 Mid-Florida Conference, Panhandle Conference, Southern Conference, Suncoast Conference Region 9 Mon-Dak Conference Region 10 Carolinas Junior College Conference Region 11 Iowa Community College Athletic Conference Region 12 Michigan Community College Athletic Association, Ohio Community College Athletic Conference Region 13 Minnesota College Athletic Conference, Mon-Dak Conference Region 14 Southwest Junior College Conference Region 15 City University of New York Athletic Conference, Mid Hudson Conference Region 16 Midwest Community College Athletic Conference Region 17 Georgia Collegiate Athletic Association Region 18 Scenic West Athletic Conference Region 19 Garden State Athletic Conference Region 20 Pennsylvania Collegiate Athletic Association, Maryland Junior College Athletic Conference Region 21 Massachusetts Community College Athletic Association Region 22 Alabama Community College Conference Region 23 MISS-LOU Junior College Conference, Mississippi Association of Community & Junior Colleges Region 24 Mid-West Athletic Conference, Great Rivers Athletic Conference.
JUCO World Series JUCO Baseball Coaches Hall of Fame NJCAA Division I NJCAA Division II NJCAA Division III NJCAA Women's Championship Due to the small number of schools fielding teams, some football-only conferences exist. They may be home to teams from multiple regions; the Kansas Jayhawk Community College Conference includes only schools in Kansas. All are members of the conference in other sports; the Midwest Football Conference which features schools from Iowa, once included programs in northern Illinois and North Dakota before several of its schools dropped football prior to the 2015 season. The three Iowa schools play each other and have a scheduling alliance with the KJCCC; the College of DuPage, the only Illinois school that still has football, plays as an independent. Harper and Grand Rapids all disbanded their football programs. North Dakota State School of Science joined the MCAC; the Minnesota College Athletic Conference, includes schools in North Dakota. All of the Minnesota schools participate in the conference in other spo
Kevin James Kiermaier is an American professional baseball center fielder for the Tampa Bay Rays of Major League Baseball. He made his MLB debut on September 30, 2013 – game 163 of the regular season, a wild-card tiebreaker game. Kiermaier was part of amateur championship teams at both the high and college levels, his high school won a state championship in Indiana, a National Junior College Athletic Association national championship at Parkland College, where he was twice named an NJCAA All-American. Kiermaier has gained attention for his overall outfield defense, strong throwing arm, prowess for robbing home runs; as a result, he has won consecutive Rawlings Gold Glove Awards for center fielders in 2015 and 2016. Kiermaier attended Bishop Luers High School in Indiana. Playing for the school's baseball team, Bishop Luers won the state championship in Kiermaier's senior year. After being recruited by college programs for their football teams and committing to attend Purdue University, Kiermaier opted to play college baseball and enrolled at Parkland College instead, where competed in the National Junior College Athletic Association.
As a freshman, Parkland won the NJCAA National Championship. Kiermaier was named a NJCAA All-American in his two years at Parkland; the Tampa Bay Rays selected Kiermaier in the 31st round of the 2010 Major League Baseball draft. Purdue again offered Kiermaier a scholarship, but he decided to sign with the Rays instead of transferring to Purdue. Kiermaier spent the 2013 season in Class AA and Class AAA, was named the best defensive player in the Rays' organization and the Most Valuable Player of the Montgomery Biscuits of the Class AA Southern League. With Montgomery, he played 97 games, batting.307 with five home runs and 28 RBI. In AAA, he played 39 games with the Durham Bulls, batting.263 with a home run and 13 RBI. Considering him the top defensive outfielder in their organization – including the major league club and all their minor league affiliates – the Tampa Bay Rays activated Kiermaier to both the 40- and 25-man rosters for the first time on September 30, 2013, he made his major league debut in that evening's wild card tie-breaker game – the Rays' 163rd game of the season – and played one inning against the Texas Rangers in the ninth as a defensive replacement.
Rays general manager Andrew Friedman commented that the club included Kiermaier on the major league roster late that season for his defense in center field. He played two innings in the 2013 American League Wild Card Game against the Cleveland Indians, after that game, his first major league regular season concluded; that winter, Baseball America rated him the tenth-best prospect in the Rays' minor league system. On May 18, 2014, Kiermaier hit his first major league home run against Mike Morin of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, he finished 2014 hitting.263 with 10 home runs in 108 games and was one of the finalists for the Gold Glove Award for American League right fielders. In a game at Tropicana Field against the Kansas City Royals on August 29, 2015, Kiermaier was involved in a failed but humorous attempt to rob designated hitter Kendrys Morales of a home run, he hit a fly ball. Kiermaier leapt and momentarily perched himself upright on the top of the fence and waited to catch the ball before it landed.
However, it dropped 30 feet in front of the fence, Kiermaier watched it bounce as he continued to cling to the fence. The ball had deflected off one of the catwalks suspended from the roof, and, in accordance with park rules, the umpires awarded a home run to Morales. One of 15 MLB outfielders to register a throw back into the infield at or above 100 miles per hour in 2015, Kiermaier led all MLB outfielders by reaching 100 MPH nine times, while all others combined to reach that speed 27 times. Kiermaier finished the 2015 season leading all major league fielders in Defensive Runs Saved with 42, the highest number since the start of calculations of the statistic, he garnered 5.0 defensive Wins Above Replacement, fourth all-time according to Baseball-Reference.com. His overall 7.3 WAR ranked third in the American League behind Josh Donaldson. Kiermaier won his first each of the Fielding Bible Award for MLB center fielders, Gold Glove Award for American League center fielders, the American League Platinum Glove Award, awarded to the best overall defensive player in each league.
Improving upon the previous season's results as a hitter, Kiermaier began the 2016 season by decreasing his strikeout rate, nearly doubling his walk rate, increasing his power. In a 5–4 loss to the Detroit Tigers on May 21, he fractured two bones in his left hand while attempting to catch a sinking line drive off the bat of James McCann. After undergoing surgery to repair the fractures, he was medically cleared to resume limited workouts on May 27. Despite missing significant time, Kiermaier was once again one of the best defenders in all of baseball, leading all center fielders with 25 Defensive Runs Saved despite playing in 400 innings less than the next player on the list, Kevin Pillar. Kiermaier paced all major leaguers with a 2.95 dWAR. Kiermaier finished the season hitting.246 with a result of his increased power. He stole 21 bases, he was awarded with his second Gold Glove Award. Prior to the 2017 season, Kiermaier signed a 6-year, $53.5 million extension with the Rays. On June 9, it was revealed that Kiermaier had suffered a hairline fracture in his right hip after sliding into first base in a previous game.
He was ruled out for at least two months. On August 18th, Kiermaier returned
Champaign is a city in Champaign County, United States. The city is 135 miles south of Chicago, 124 miles west of Indianapolis, 178 mi northeast of St. Louis, Missouri; the United States Census Bureau estimates the city was home to 87,432 people as of July 1, 2017. Champaign is the tenth-most populous city in Illinois, the state's fourth-most populous city outside the Chicago metropolitan area, it is included in the Champaign–Urbana metropolitan area. Champaign is notable for sharing the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign with its sister city of Urbana. Champaign is home to Parkland College which serves about 18,000 students during the academic year. Due to the university and a number of well known technology startup companies, it is referred to as the hub, or a significant landmark, of the Silicon Prairie. Champaign houses offices for Sony, for the Fortune 500 companies Abbott, Archer Daniels Midland, Deere & Company, Dow Chemical Company, IBM, State Farm. Champaign was founded in 1855, when the Illinois Central Railroad laid its rail track two miles west of downtown Urbana.
Called "West Urbana", it was renamed Champaign when it acquired a city charter in 1860. Both the city and county name were derived from Ohio. During February 1969, Carl Perkins joined with Bob Dylan to write the song "Champaign, Illinois", which Perkins released on his album On Top; the band Old 97's took another Bob Dylan song, "Desolation Row", combined its melody with new lyrics to make a new song "Champaign, Illinois", which they released with Dylan's blessing on their 2010 album The Grand Theatre Volume One. It achieved considerable popularity; the two "Champaign, Illinois" songs are not similar to each other, except that Bob Dylan was involved in both of them. On September 22, 1985, Champaign hosted the first Farm Aid concert at the University of Illinois' Memorial Stadium; the concert raised over $7 million for American family farmers. In 2005, Champaign-Urbana was the location of the National Science Olympiad Tournament, attracting young scientists from all 50 states; the city hosts the state Science Olympiad competition every year.
The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign once again hosted the National competition on May 20–22, 2010. In 2013, Champaign was rated fifth best place in the United States for a healthy work-life balance. According to the 2010 census, Champaign has a total area of 22.457 square miles, of which 22.43 square miles is land and 0.027 square miles is water. Champaign is located on high ground, providing sources to the Kaskaskia River to the west, the Embarras River to the south. Downtown Champaign drains into Boneyard Creek, which feeds the Saline Branch of the Salt Fork Vermilion River. Champaign shares a border with the neighboring city of Urbana. Champaign and the bordering village of Savoy form the Champaign-Urbana Metropolitan Area known as Champaign-Urbana, it may be colloquially known as the "Twin Cities" or Chambana. The following diagram represents localities within a 35 miles radius of Champaign; the city has a humid continental climate, typical of the Midwestern United States, with hot summers and cold, moderately snowy winters.
Temperatures exceed 90 °F on an average of 24 days per year, fall below 0 °F on six nights annually. The record high temperature in Champaign was 109 °F in 1954, the record low was −25 °F, recorded on four separate occasions − in 1899, 1905, 1994 and 1999; as of the 2010 census, 81,055 people and 34,434 total housing units in Champaign. The population density was 3,974.6 people per square mile. There were 28,556 housing units at an average density of 1,681.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 67.8% White, 15.62% African-American, 0.3% Native American, 10.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, 3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino individuals of any race made up 6.3% of the population. According to the 2010 Census the city's 32,152 households, 21.5% included children under age 18, 33.1% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 53.7% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 6.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.25 persons and the average family size was 2.97. According to the 2010 Census of all individuals, 17.3% were under age 18, 22.5% from 20 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 18% from 45 to 64, 7.6% were age 65 or older. The median age was 25.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males. According to the 2010 Census the median income for a household in the city was $41,403, the median income for a family was $72,819; the per capita income for the city was $24,855. About 11.9% of families and 26.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over. The current city executive or Mayor of Champaign is Deborah Frank Feinen who assumed office in May 2015; the representative body of Champaign is known as the City Council. The City Council is composed of three At-Large members and one member from each of the five council districts located within the city limits.
As of May 2017, its members are: Tom Bruno, Will Kyles, Matthew Gladney, Clarissa Fourman, Alicia Beck, Angi
Orpheum Theatre (Champaign, Illinois)
The Orpheum Theater opened in Champaign, Illinois in 1914 on the site of a vaudeville theater built in 1904. Designed by the Architectural firm Rapp & Rapp, the Orpheum was built to accommodate both live vaudeville performances and the projection of film. After a series of renovations and changes of ownership, the Orpheum screened its final film in 1986. Preserved from demolition in 1991, the Orpheum is now home to a children's museum, the Orpheum Children's Science Museum, is undergoing restoration. One of the earliest examples of movie theater architecture, the Orpheum is an early design by the prolific architectural firm Rapp and Rapp, a firm that would design many famous American "Movie Palaces" in the first decades of the twentieth century. George Leslie Rapp, an 1899 alumnus of the University of Illinois School of Architecture, with his brother Corneilus, founded the firm of Rapp &^ Rapp, they designed over 400 theaters including the Majestic Theater in Dubuque, the Chicago Theatre, Bismark Hotel and Theatre, Mighigan Theatre, Oriental Theater and the Paramount Theater in New York City and Aurora.
Rapp and Rapp designed the Orpheum as a scale model of the opera house at Versailles. The following year, they designed the Al. Ringling Theatre in Baraboo, a model of the Versailles opera house; the Ringlings, spent more money for decorations. The Orpheum interior style is French Renaissance and Baroque and the exterior is Classical Revival. There were 18 loge boxes; the owners were Joseph M. Marcus Heiman of F&H Amusement Company. General contractor was Wile Brothers of specialists in theater construction; the contract price was between $65,000 and $70,000. Work began in late May 1914. Mandel Brothers of Chicago had the contract for other interior decorations; the scenery was done by Sosman & Landis of Chicago, who were considered the best scenery painters in the middle west. Opening Night was on October 19, 1914; the performance began with the New Orpheum orchestra, under the leadership of Larry J. Powers, playing the "Illinois Loyalty", followed by "America" and "The Star-Spangled Banner". Mayor Oliver B.
Dobbins gave a short speech complimenting the management for its elaborate and expensive effort to provide such an elegant theatre. Five high class vaudeville acts were presented, headlined by singer and comedian Herman Timberg, who had appeared a few weeks earlier at Chicago's Palace Theater; the evening closed with moving pictures. The manager was C. S. Harris; the Orpheum was the main vaudeville stop in Champaign and Urbana, a member of the noted Orpheum Circuit. It played host to many famous vaudevillians, including Trixie Friganza, Red Skelton, Harry Houdini, Chic Sale, Virginia Sale, Will Rogers, the Marx Brothers, Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, Jack Benny, Bob Hope, Burns & Allen. A few of the now classic films shown during the Orpheum's long history include Birth of A Nation, City Lights, Gone With the Wind, Dumbo, A Streetcar Named Desire, Mister Roberts, A Hard Day's Night. During the Orpheum's vaudeville period, part of the theater's second floor served as a boarding house housing African Americans at a time when local hotels practiced racial discrimination.
In the 1920s RKO Pictures began operating the Orpheum Theatre. Under the management of RKO, the theater was devoted to the screening of films, rather than to live performance in the vaudeville tradition. In 1967 a major renovation created a modern appearance by adding an aluminum facade and redoing the lobby. In 1971 GKC Theaters purchased the Orpheum. In 1982 GKC leased it, as part of an attempt to recast the Orpheum as an art house. After this attempt failed, the Orpheum returned to screening first run films, before closing in 1986, screening the trick slasher film April Fool's Day as the theater's final showing; the Champaign Preservation and Conservation Association sponsored a public meeting on April 8, 1989, in response to plans to raze the now closed and deteriorating theater. This meeting was held to gauge public interest in saving the Orpheum Theatre; the City of Champaign purchased the Orpheum and adjacent building as a site for a possible parking deck in January, 1990. The city allowed 45 PACA volunteers to spend Saturday, July 7, 1990, removing the aluminum facade to reveal the original look of the building and to assess any damage.
PACA hired theatre consultant Michael Hardy to do a feasibility study of the Orpheum. He suggested, in a children's museum as a possible use for the building; the city did not have a children's museum and there were several successful performing arts facilities in the area. The City of Champaign razed the adjacent warehouse building in February 1991. In the fall of 1991, the theatre facade was cleaned and painted and the marquee given cosmetic repairs by PACA; the trompe l'oeil cornice reminiscent of the original was painted above the theater entrance. In 1994 the Orpheum Children's Science Museum opened its doors to the public; the museum houses interactive exhibits and supports a variety of camps and clubs. The board of the museum has expressed interest in either expansion of the facility. Proposals for reuse of the facility were requested by the museum board in January 2009. However, by 2013, long-term plans for the museum involved expansion of the current facility. In the summer of 2014, University Laboratory High School's teacher Sharlene Den
Campustown (Champaign, Illinois)
Campustown is an area within the 1st and 2nd City Council Districts in Champaign, Illinois. Centered on Green Street, the district contains about eight city blocks occupied by various small businesses, restaurants and apartment buildings which house university students. Campustown is located along the west side of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign campus. Notable landmarks include the Alma Mater, The Tower at Third, the 309 Green high-rise, KAM's, Legend's Bar & Grill, Red Lion, Murphy's Pub. In 1995 University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Provost Michael Aiken constructed a planning committee, referred to as the Campustown 2000 Task Force, in an effort to revitalize the deteriorating infrastructure in the campustown district; as the committee's chairperson, Aiken hoped to transform the district into a safer, more inviting area for university students and visitors. The committee was composed of representatives from the cities of Champaign, its twin city Urbana, the Champaign County Chamber of Commerce, the C-U Economic Partnership and business owners within campustown, UIUC.
Since the creation of the district, campustown's main thoroughfare, East Green Street, carried four lanes of vehicular traffic, despite serving a pedestrian-based commercial district for the university. Campustown's deteriorating infrastructure was highlighted when a student was killed by vehicular traffic and during the 2002 NFL season when the Chicago Bears played their home games at Memorial Stadium during the renovation of Soldier Field; the Campustown 2000 Task Force was instrumental in moving the development of Green Street and the rest of Campustown. This group initiated two efforts, the Campus Area Transformation Study and the Campustown Action Plan, that outlined important changes that needed to be made in order to create a safer and more welcoming environment for students and others visiting the location. Coupled with the Campustown Existing Conditions Report, created by the City of Champaign Planning Department between 1996 and 1998, the Champaign City Council was able to approve plans for a seven million dollar project, completed in 2003.
Green Street was reconstructed from Wright to Fourth Streets and various safety features were added such as new street-lights, large planters, proper signage. Campustown's speed limit was reduced to 25 mph and Green Street was reduced to three lanes of traffic, with the middle lane enabling turn and business deliveries, due to a lack of alleyways. To facilitate the construction of a new Champaign-Urbana Mass Transit District bus stop, Wright Street was converted to a pedestrian mall allowing bus access only between Chalmers and John Streets. Since the creation of the Transit Plaza, it has become the largest bus stop in the Champaign–Urbana metropolitan area; the resulting streetscape of Campustown has been well-received, is so far considered a resounding success. It achieved a number of the goals set forth in the Campustown Action Plan, most notable Goal II, "Develop an Overall Look for the Campustown Area," and Goal III, "Maintain and Improve Campustown Infrastructure." In order to build on the successes of the Campustown Action Plan, further its goals, the City of Champaign developed the University District Streetscape Master Plan in Fall of 2003.
This plan not only focuses on the Green Street are, but highlights changes to be made throughout the entire University District. The planned improvements differ by each street, are broken down into three categories: the Commercial Area, the Transition Area, the Neighborhood Area; the full plan discusses proposed changes to the infrastructure of each area type, goes over estimated costs as well as projects that should be prioritized over others Over the past 10 years, since the completion of the Campustown 2000 project, the Campustown skyline and streetscape has drastically transformed. While the Tower at Third high-rise, which stands 205 ft, was completed in 1972, another high-rise had not been built in Campustown until after the completion of Campustown 2000. In 2008, two high-rise residential towers opened for residents, 309 Green and Burnham 310; the 2008 Economic Recession nixed plans for another high-rise at 311 Green, which would have been a "sister building" to 309 Green, though the same developers have submitted plans for an 8-story apartment building at Fourth and Green.
Since the start of 2013, construction projects have restarted in campustown. Bankier Apartments has contracted Broeren-Russo Company of Champaign to build their 14-story residential high-rise at 519 East Green; the tower was completed just before the summer of 2014. Under construction are the 22-story 308-312 East Green Street and 20 million USD 526 East Green Street mixed residential and commercial buildings. Below is a listing of the tallest buildings in Champaign's Campustown district, by height. Official Campustown website Official Campustown Twitter BuildingGreenStreet.com Getting Around Campustown
Spencer Burdette Patton is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Yokohama DeNA BayStars of Nippon Professional Baseball. He played in Major League Baseball for the Texas Rangers and Chicago Cubs. Patton attended South Central High School in Farina, Illinois where he played both basketball and baseball. In basketball, Patton was a third-team all state selection as a senior and in baseball was named all-area player of the year. Patton attended Parkland College in Illinois where he played baseball for one year, he transferred to Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. Following his senior season at SIUE, Patton was awarded the NCAA Division I Rawlings Gold Glove Award for 2011. Patton was named co-pitcher of the year while Pitching for Forest City, NC, of the Coastal Plain League in 2009, winning a CPL championship and being ranked as the #1 collegiate summer team in the country with a record of 51-9. Patton was drafted by the Kansas City Royals in the 24th round of the 2011 Major League Baseball Draft out of Southern Illinois University Edwardsville.
Patton was traded from the Royals to the Texas Rangers for Jason Frasor on July 16, 2014. He made his major league debut on September 4, 2014. On November 20, 2015, the Rangers traded Patton to the Chicago Cubs for minor leaguer Frandy Delarosa. In 2016, Patton made 16 relief appearances for the Cubs and finished 1–1 with a 5.48 ERA. The Cubs finished the season 103–58 and won the 2016 World Series. Patton did not participate in the playoffs, but was still on the 40-man roster at the time and won his first World Series title. On November 23, 2016, Patton signed with the Yokohama DeNA BayStars of Nippon Professional Baseball. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference Warning: Template:Baseballstats cube= parameter should be updated to a numeric value. SIEU Cougars bio Spencer Patton on Twitter
Vermilion County, Illinois
Vermilion County is a county in the eastern part of the U. S. state of Illinois, between the Indiana border and Champaign County. It was the 45th of Illinois' 102 counties. According to the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 81,625, a decrease of 2.7% in 2000. It contains 21 incorporated settlements. Vermilion County is part of the Danville, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Vermilion County is named after the Vermilion River, which passes through the county and empties into the Wabash River in Indiana near Cayuga; the area which became Vermilion County was under the flag of France from 1682 to 1763, as part of New France. It was taken over by Great Britain for fifteen years after the French and Indian War, it was part of the Indiana Territory the Illinois Territory, the state of Illinois. The county was created on 18 January 1826, from a portion of Edgar County. There was an unorganized territory to the north and west, attached to the county; the remainder was used to create Ford County in 1859.
The county's saline springs were a strong attraction to early explorers. Joseph Barron, an interpreter fluent in several Native American languages, stated in an affidavit that he was present at the "Vermilion Salines" that year; the production required 100 gallons of water for one bushel of salt and proved to be profitable from the first run, when salt became less expensive and the venture was no longer economical. The area's first settlement was made in 1819 near these saline springs, by the Treat and Whitcomb. James Butler, from Ohio, settled in the Catlin area. In the southern part of the county, Henry Johnson built a cabin west of present-day Georgetown; the southern portion of the county was soon filled with small settlements. Most settlers in Vermilion County came from the American South, who had left because of their opposition to slavery; some of the early settlers Quakers. They founded the settlement of Vermilion Grove in the south part of the county, one of the county's first settlements and the site of the county's second public school.
The county has strong ties to Abraham Lincoln, who practiced law in Danville from 1841 to 1859 with Ward Hill Lamon. Lincoln spoke in Danville during his 1858 campaign for a seat in the US Senate. Lincoln gave the speech in his stocking feet from the balcony of Dr. William Fithian, a prominent local physician; the Fithian home is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places and serves as the Vermilion County Museum. The various stages in the evolution of Vermilion County are shown below. Vermilion County is located along the eastern border of Illinois. Vermilion County in Illinois and Vermillion County in Indiana are two of twenty-two counties or parishes in the United States with the same name to border each other across state lines. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 901.28 square miles, of which 898.37 square miles is land and 2.91 square miles is water. The land in Vermilion County consists of various forms of silt loam. Lake Vermilion, a man-made 1,000-acre reservoir, is the county's largest body of water, located northwest of Danville.
It provides the city's culinary water, provides recreation opportunities. Danville Hoopeston Georgetown Several towns were established in the county. In some cases, the coming of the railroads helped to define the best locations for settlements, as a result some existing towns were abandoned; when Lake Vermilion was created, the town of Denmark was flooded and now lies at the bottom of the reservoir. Township government was adopted in Vermilion County in 1851, eight townships were created: Eleven addtional townships were created in the following decades: The Vermilion County Conservation District operates four parks: Forest Glen Preserve Heron County Park Kennekuk Cove County Park Lake Vermilion County ParkThe Illinois Department of Natural Resources manages three areas in the county: Kickapoo State Recreation Area Harry "Babe" Woodyard State Natural Area Middle Fork State Fish and Wildlife Area Vermilion County is in the humid continental climate region of the United States along with most of Illinois.
Its Köppen climate classification is Dfa, meaning that it is cold, has no dry season, has a hot summer. In recent years, average temperatures in Danville have ranged from a low of 17 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −26 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 112 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.99 inches inches in February to 4.70 inches inches in June. Interstate 74 enters Vermilion County from the west on its way from Champaign–Urbana, passes just to the north of the towns of Fithian and Oakwood before passing through the south edge of the Kickapoo State Park, the north edge of Tilton and the