Walham Green is the historic name of a village in the parish of Fulham in the County of Middlesex. It was located between the hamlet of North End to the north, Parsons Green to the south. To the east it was bounded by Counter's Creek, the traditional boundary with the parish of Chelsea and to the south-east is Sands End. In the 19th-century, the creek became the Kensington Canal, soon to be replaced by the West London Railway, Walham Green acquired its own parish church of St John in 1828 on the site of the village pond. With the arrival of the District Railway and urbanisation, the heart of Fulham shifted from its centuries-old, All Saints parish church on the Thames and the area of Fulham High Street to Walham Green, the centre of, subsequently renamed Fulham Broadway. From 1880-1952, Fulham Broadway tube station was called Walham Green. All that remains of the village's former identity is the tree-lined street called,'Walham Grove'. Within the area is the old athletics stadium of Stamford Bridge, now home to Chelsea F.
C. Fulham Broadway denotes a section of the Fulham Road within the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham which contains the former Grade II listed Fulham Town Hall and the eponymous underground station and the intersection with the busy commercial thoroughfare, North End Road and Harwood Road. A triangle, by the bus turning alley, with an office block on it, is the site of Frank Matcham's old Granville Theatre, that closed in 1971. Fulham Broadway refers to the area in the immediate vicinity of the station, now set inside a shopping mall with a cinema complex, the pedestrianised streets by St John's church, which offer a host of restaurants, cafés and small shops, including a printers and cycle shop; the Royal Mail sorting office is nearby as are four supermarkets, one of them large with a car park and one that specialises in organic produce. The rest of Walham Green village has been subsumed in several conservation areas and is today considered a desirable place to live for young professionals and Chelsea'overspill'.
Residents have included Loyd Grossman. Nearby attractions include Parson's Green, the bars and restaurants of the New King's Road and Chelsea Harbour. Fulham Broadway tube station West Brompton station West Kensington tube station Barons Court tube station Parsons Green tube station Imperial Wharf railway station http://hidden-london.com/gazetteer/walham-green/ Retrieved 28 October 2016
All Saints Church, Fulham
All Saints' Church is the ancient parish church of Fulham, in the County of Middlesex, pre-dating the Reformation. It is now an Anglican Church in Fulham, sited close to the river Thames, beside the northern approach to Putney Bridge; the church tower and interior nave and chancel are Grade II* listed. There has been a church on the same site for more than 900 years. Denny writes. Apart from the tower, construction of which began in 1440, the present church building dates from the late Victorian period, having been rebuilt in 1880–1 by Sir Arthur Blomfield, using squared rubblestone, ashlar dressings and Perpendicular style windows; the church retains many memorials from the earlier church. The building and its churchyard are situated next to Bishop's Park overlooking the river Thames; the church has a long association with the Bishops of London as Lords of the Manor of Fulham and is the burial place for many of them. The nearby Fulham Palace is the former Manor of Fulham and the former residence of the Bishops of London.
Putney Bridge, its predecessor Fulham Bridge, is unique in that it is the only bridge in Britain to have a church at both ends: the ancient St. Mary's Church, Putney is located in Putney, on the south bank, All Saints' Church, Fulham, is on the north bank. Due to the proximity of All Saints to Fulham Palace, the ancient residence of the Bishop of London, several Bishops of London were buried at All Saints. Humphrey Henchman Henry Compton John Robinson Edmund Gibson Thomas Sherlock Thomas Hayter Richard Terrick Robert Lowth John Randolph Charles James Blomfield John Jackson William John Burchell – explorer, traveller and author Sir William Butts – physician to King Henry VIII of England Henry Holland – architect Nathaniel Kent – agriculturist John Mordaunt, 1st Viscount Mordaunt – royalist, prominent in the English Civil War John Saris – captain of the first English voyage to land in Japan Granville Sharp – abolitionist William Sharp – surgeon Sir William Withers – Lord Mayor of London The church was featured in the film The Omen, in a scene which begins in Bishop's Park, ends with a bizarre accident where a priest is impaled by a lightning conductor on the top of the tower, dislodged when it is hit by lightning.
In 2017, the Christmas Day service from the church was shown on BBC Television. Official website British history online, Fulham
Wormwood Scrubs, known locally as The Scrubs, is an open space located in the north-eastern corner of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham in west London. It is the largest open space in the Borough, at 80 ha, one of the largest areas of common in London; the eastern part, known as Little Wormwood Scrubs, is cut off by Scrubs Lane and the West London Line railway. It has been an open public space since the Wormwood Scrubs Act of 1879; the southern edge of the Scrubs is the site of two locally important buildings. At the western end is HM Prison Wormwood Scrubs, built between 1875 and 1891 by convict labour. To the east of the prison is the Hammersmith Hospital campus, which includes the relocated Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital. Within the area are several sports facilities, including the Linford Christie stadium, tens of football pitches and a pony centre. Queens Park Rangers Football Club played on Wormwood Scrubs between 1893 and 1896. In the early 19th century the whole district was open fields, included several areas of common land.
In 1812 an area of 190 acres known as Wormholt Scrubs was leased by the War Office from the Manor of Fulham. This was in order to exercise cavalry horses which until that point had been hacked out in Hyde Park, Belgrave Square and Regent's Park - known as St. Marylebone's Park; this common land became known as Wormwood Scrubs, 135 acres of, bought by the War Office in 1878. In 1879, Parliament passed the Wormwood Scrubs Act, which aimed to create a "metropolitan exercising ground" for the military and to provide the Scrubs for "the perpetual use by the inhabitants of the metropolis for exercise and recreation". Under this act, the military were able to expel civilians from the area whenever they were training, but allowed civilians free use of it when they were not. To ensure that it was kept as open land for all to enjoy, the act banned the military from building any permanent structures other than rifle butts, one of which survives today as a wall in the Linford Christie Stadium. Wormwood Scrubs became recognised with several duels fought there.
In 1908, the route for the Olympic Marathon went across the Scrubs on the final stages of the race from Windsor Castle to the Olympic Stadium at White City. In 1910 Wormwood Scrubs became part of aviation history when a pioneer airship took flight from an improvised landing ground. In 1914 all air related activities on the Scrubs passed to the authority of the Admiralty, there are records of a base here called'Wormwood Scrubs Naval Air Station' in the National Archives at Kew; the airship shed. It remained as an emergency landing ground until the 1930s. In 1939 with the onset of another World War, Wormwood Scrubs again played host to an innovative military department—The Chief Cable Censorship Department, an outstation of the Government Code and Cypher School at Bletchley Park; until 1940 it was served by a station on the West London Line. It was closed after heavy bombing damage during the Second World War; the prison is located just yards from the scene of the Massacre of Braybrook Street in 1966, in which three policemen were shot dead by three armed men after stopping their suspicious car.
In 1986 local birdwatcher Lester Holloway set up a campaign to save Scrubs Wood, the area of railway land along the north side of Wormwood Scrubs, from destruction as part of plans by the British Rail to build cleaning depots to service Channel Tunnel trains. Holloway and his campaign petitioned the House of Lords, supported by the MP for Fulham Nick Raynsford, won concessions; the existing nature reserve includes an area known as'Lester's Embankment'. The campaign attracted considerable national publicity in 1987, a musical. On 10 March 2009 the prison was listed as a Grade II building; as one of the largest open spaces close to central London, Wormwood Scrubs is always under threat of development. The local politics are a constant battle between vigilant groups like The Friends of Wormwood Scrubs and various interests—the railway, the local council and others—who always have an eye to building on the green space; the Wormwood Scrubs Charitable Trust, a charity set up under the Act of Parliament to manage this public space "for the exercise and recreation of the inhabitants of the metropolis", receives a substantial income stream from the lease to Hammersmith Hospital of a car park on its Southern boundary.
Other sources of income from the space include the rental of sports fields, advertising billboards, two public car parks. The accounting for costs and revenues of the Charity have been a matter of debate between the Council sole Trustee of the Trust, the Friends of Wormwood Scrubs. Areas of Wormwood Scrubs are a Local Nature Reserve; these areas include Martin Bell's Wood and the Central Woodland Copse. Habitats include woodland and grassland. Animals include common lizards, over 20 species of butterfly; this site is being managed by the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham in collaboration with Groundwork UK. Conservation work being carried out in Wormwood Scrubs by Groundwork London has been the subject of controversy among users of the Scrubs; the primary goal is to connect each patch of the Local Nature Reserve within the grounds by a wildlife corridor in the form of low hedges and trees. It is claimed that this will benefit biodiversity in the park and create better foraging routes for bats such as the common pipistrelle.
College Park, London
College Park is a small residential neighbourhood in Kensal Green, to the north of the borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, London and is near Kensal Green station and Willesden Junction station. It borders the London Borough of Brent to the north and the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea to the east, it is part of College Old Oak wards of the United Kingdom. The housing stock in College Park is bay-fronted Victorian terraced houses built in the late 1800s. Kenmont Primary School is within the neighbourhood is The Mayhew Animal Home. Early History The land on which College Park stands belonged to All Souls' College, Oxford; this explains the etymology of many local place names. All Souls' College owned the vast majority of land in "old Kensal Green", extending northwards in two prongs towards Willesden Green and Harlesden Green and in many respects it was an extra-parochial area. Arrival of the Grand Junction Canal Small-scale development of Kensal started with the opening of the Paddington Arm of the Grand Junction Canal in 1801.
Goods barges carrying coal and iron were towed through the village and a brick works opened. Further housing development was linked to the building of the first of London's grand cemeteries, All Souls' Cemetery built by the General Cemetery Company in Kensal Green to provide a large burial ground for London in 1832; the construction of the 1838 London & North Western line and the 1838–41 Great Western Railway followed shortly after. To the west of All Souls' Cemetery wall, there were just three houses: 1) Tavistock Villa, where the Rev. J. N. Heard, Cemetery Chaplain and Curate of St. John's Church, Kensal Green lived; these were the only properties in the area of College Park at the time. A famous author In 1835, the famous 19th Century historical gothic romance novelist William Harrison Ainsworth took up residence in Kensal Lodge with his'connections', Mrs Touchet and her sister Miss Buckley, where he lived until 1841; the author had been propelled from obscurity to fame with his novel Rookwood which popularised the myth of Dick Turpin and his mare Black Bess.
It was within Kensal Lodge. In 1841, he subsequently moved to the adjacent Kensal Manor House. For fourteen years, these two buildings successively became hubs of London literary life thanks to Ainsworth being a lavish entertainer. Many famous Victorian literary figures came to dine at the two buildings, including Thackeray, George Cruikshank, Benjamin Disraeli, Charles Dickens. Divided by faith In 1858, St. Mary's Roman Catholic Cemetery was established to the south of College Park and adjacent to All Souls' Cemetery. Notable burials include Sir Antony Panizzi, the Italian-born principal librarian of British Museum, responsible for the creation of the famous Round Reading Room, Prince Louis Bonaparte, a nephew of Napoleon I. During the first 8 years of its existence some 12,500 burials took place, many of the Irish immigrants of the Great Famine years finding their last resting place here. A suburban rail station In 1860 the Hampstead Junction Railway opened. A station directly north of College Park, called Kensal Green & Harlesden, followed in 1861.
Willesden Junction station on the London & North Western Railway was built in 1866. A map from 1870-1 shows Kensal Manor House, Kensal Lodge and Tavistock Villa facing Harrow Road on the eastern side of College Park. Alongside these properties stand St. Marys Terrace and Alma Place; the remainder of College Park was undeveloped. In 1873, Kensal Green & Harlesden station moved to the location of the current Kensal Rise station. An education Kenmont Primary School was built in 1883, it was designed for the London School Board by Edward Robert Robson. It dwarfs the surrounding houses in College Park; when the school opened on 4 February 1884, there was accommodation for some 795 pupils, including boys and infants. College Park had a library at Letchford Gardens, close to the school. A Victorian Estate By 1894, College Park was well developed with houses constructed on Waldo Road, Letchford Gardens, Rigeley Road, Valliere Road, Kenmont Gardens. Ponsard Road was only developed on the north side. There were no houses on Holberton Gardens and the east side of Trenmar Gardens was the site of a Tramway Depot for trams on the Harrow Road.
A public house – College Park Hotel – was present on the junction of Harrow Road and Scrubs Lane. The area north of the Hampstead Junction Railway was still undeveloped at this stage. College Park is depicted in Charles Booth's survey into labour in London; the 1898–99 map classifies the area as middle class comfortable and mixed. In this map, College Park is shown as part of the parish of St. John, Kensal Green in the Paddington deanery. Geographically, it is detached from the remainder of the parish of St. John, Kensal Green by the parish of St. Martin, Kensal Rise. A sporting religion The spiritual needs of College Park residents were served by a Presbyterian Chapel and a Baptist Chapel on Kenmont Gardens. There was Christ Church mission to College Park on the south side of Ponsard Road on the current site of the Mayhew Animal Home. Christ Church Rangers, a local boys' football team formed in 1882, were based at the Christ Church Mission. An amalgamation with another local boys' te
Craven Cottage is a football stadium located in Fulham, London. It has been the home ground of Fulham F. C. since 1896. The ground's current capacity is 25,700, all-seated, though the record attendance is 49,335, for a game against Millwall, 8 October 1938. Located next to Bishop's Park on the banks of the River Thames,'Craven Cottage' was a royal hunting lodge and has history dating back over 300 years; as well as by Fulham, the stadium has been been used by the United States men's national soccer team, Australia national football team, the Republic of Ireland national football team, Canada men's national football team, was the home ground for rugby league team Fulham RLFC. The original'Cottage' was built in 1780, by William Craven, the sixth Baron Craven and was located on the centre circle of the pitch. At the time, the surrounding areas were woods; the Cottage was lived in by Edward Bulwer-Lytton and other somewhat notable persons until it was destroyed by fire in May 1888. Many rumours persist among Fulham fans of past tenants of Craven Cottage.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Jeremy Bentham, Florence Nightingale and Queen Victoria are reputed to have stayed there, although there is no real evidence for this. Following the fire, the site was abandoned. Fulham had had 8 previous grounds before settling in at Craven Cottage for good. Therefore, The Cottagers have had 12 grounds overall, meaning that only their former'landlords' and rivals QPR have had more home grounds in British football. Of particular note, was Ranelagh House, Fulham's palatial home from 1886–1888; when representatives of Fulham first came across the land, in 1894, it was so overgrown that it took two years to be made suitable for football to be played on it. A deal was struck for the owners of the ground to carry out the work, in return for which they would receive a proportion of the gate receipts; the first football match at which there were any gate receipts was when Fulham played against Minerva in the Middlesex Senior Cup, on 10 October 1896. The ground's first stand was built shortly after.
Described as looking like an "orange box", it consisted of four wooden structures each holding some 250 seats, was affectionately nicknamed the "rabbit hutch". In 1904 London County Council became concerned with the level of safety at the ground, tried to get it closed. A court case followed in January 1905, as a result of which Archibald Leitch, a Scottish architect who had risen to prominence after his building of the Ibrox Stadium, a few years earlier, was hired to work on the stadium. In a scheme costing £15,000, he built a pavilion and the Stevenage Road Stand, in his characteristic red brick style; the stand on Stevenage Road celebrated its centenary in the 2005–2006 season and, following the death of Fulham FC's favourite son, former England captain Johnny Haynes, in a car accident in October 2005 the Stevenage Road Stand was renamed the Johnny Haynes Stand after the club sought the opinions of Fulham supporters. Both the Johnny Haynes Stand and Cottage remain among the finest examples of Archibald Leitch football architecture to remain in existence and both have been designated as Grade II listed buildings.
An England v Wales match was played at the ground in 1907, followed by a rugby league international between England and Australia in 1911. One of the club's directors Henry Norris, his friend William Hall, took over Arsenal in the early 1910s, the plan being to merge Fulham with Arsenal, to form a "London superclub" at Craven Cottage; this move was motivated by Fulham's failure thus far to gain promotion to the top division of English football. There were plans for Henry Norris to build a larger stadium on the other side of Stevenage Road but there was little need after the merger idea failed. During this era, the Cottage was used for choir singing and marching bands along with other performances, Mass. In 1933 there were plans to demolish the ground and start again from scratch with a new 80,000 capacity stadium; these plans never materialised due to the Great Depression. On 8 October 1938, 49,335 spectators watched, it was the largest attendance at Craven Cottage and the record remains today, unlikely to be bettered as it is now an all-seater stadium with no room for more than 25,700.
During the 1930-60's era, Fulham averaged over 25,000. However, the official attendances can be considered somewhat dubious in this era as many fans would get in by climbing over the fence from Bishops Park into the Putney End; as at many other grounds, fans would sometimes pay at the turnstiles but not be counted. This boot money would not be counted in the gate money; the ground hosted several football games for the 1948 Summer Olympics, is one of the last extant that did. It wasn't until after Fulham first reached the top division, in 1949, that further improvements were made to the stadium. In 1962 Fulham became the final side in the first division to erect floodlights; the floodlights were said to be the most expensive in Europe at the time. The lights were like large pylons towering 50 metres over the ground and were similar in appearance to those at the WACA. An electronic scoreboard was installed on the Riverside Terrace at the same time as the floodlights were installed and flagpoles flying the flags of all of the other first division teams were flown from them.
Following the sale of Alan Mullery to Tottenham Hotspur in 1964 the Hammersmith End had a roof put over it at a cost of £42,500. Alt
The Hurlingham Club
The Hurlingham Club is an exclusive sports and social club located in Fulham, England. It has a Georgian clubhouse set in 42 acres of grounds, it is a member of The Association of London Clubs. The Gun Club was formed in 1860 at the Hornsey Wood Tavern which stood in what today is Finsbury Park in Harringay, London The creation of the park in 1867 forced a relocation and Frank Heathcote received the permission of Richard Naylor to promote live pigeon shooting at his Hurlingham estate, his next step was the formation of the Hurlingham Club for this purpose and'as an agreeable country resort'. The club leased the estate from Naylor in 1869 and in 1874 acquired the land outright for £27,500; the pigeon today forms part of the club's crest. Until 1905, clouds of pigeons were released in the summer from an enclosure near what is now a tennis pavilion; the Prince of Wales, an early patron, was a keen shot and his presence ensured the club's status and notability from the beginning. The current patron is HRH The Prince Duke of Edinburgh.
In 1873, the club published the rules of polo, which are still followed by most of the world to this day. Polo was first played at the club on 6 June 1874. On 18 July 1878, the club along with Ranelagh became the first to play a sports match under floodlights. In 1886, the club hosted the first international polo match between the United States; the polo matches for the 1908 Summer Olympics were played at Hurlingham. Three teams entered: Hurlingham, Roehampton Club, a combined British and Irish team. Roehampton won; the Westchester Cup was played at the club in 1900, 1902, 1909, 1921 and 1936. Before the Second World War, Hurlingham was the headquarters of British polo; the governing body of British polo is called the Hurlingham Polo Association. However polo is no longer staged at Hurlingham after the size of the club was reduced after the war when the polo fields were compulsorily purchased to build council housing; the Guards Polo Club in Windsor Great Park has succeeded to the status of the leading British polo club.
There is a nine-hole par 3 golf course, open in winter months Hurlingham has been at the centre of world croquet for many years. The Croquet Association had its headquarters in the club from 1959 to 2002. Top-ranking international competitions are held on the lawns, at one time the finest in the country, though the CA headquarters have since relocated to the Cheltenham Croquet Club. Other sports include lawn tennis, bowls, skittles and swimming as well as fitness facilities and a gymnasium. Games such as bridge and chess are popular indoor pursuits; the club has hosted the Grand Prix Ball and the Concours d'Elegance. Members must be seconded by two current full members of the club. There is a thirty-year waiting list for membership, but children of current members are given preference when vacancies do arise; the club's membership is closed. The club has around 13,000 members – of which around 6,000 have full voting rights. Lord Fowler, Lord Temple-Morris, Adam Raphael, the Carry On actress Liz Fraser and peer Jeffrey Archer, the actor Trevor Eve and his wife Sharon Maughan are all members of the Hurlingham Club.
Past members include Air Vice-Marshal Sir William Cushion. In 2011, Charles Nall-Cain, 3rd Baron Brocket was refused membership owing to his stint in prison. List of London's gentlemen's clubs The Hurlingham Club, 1869–1953, by Henry Taprell Dorling Pigeons and Other Pastimes: A History of the Hurlingham Club, by Nigel Miskin Official website
Brook Green is an affluent London neighbourhood in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. It is located 5 miles west of Charing Cross, it is bordered by Kensington, Shepherd's Bush, Holland Park and Brackenbury Village. The Brook Green neighbourhood takes its name after the recreational park space named Brook Green, which runs from Shepherd's Bush Road to Hammersmith Road. Brook Green has two main shopping areas, Shepherd's Bush Road and Blythe Road, the latter of, home to a number of small, independent shops. Tucked in behind the green is a large Tesco supermarket. Brook Green is within close proximity to Kensington High Street, King Street and Westfield London. References to Brook Green go back to 15th century, with a map of Hammersmith showing the outline of the Green; the area was developed as industrialisation spread out of London. Famous businesses in Brook Green were Osram Lamp Factory, J. Lyons & Co. and its complex at Cadby Hall, Post Office Savings Bank Headquarters in Blythe Road and to this day the Olympia Exhibition Halls Olympia, London.
Brook Green was home to St Mary's College from 1850 to 1925, when the college moved to Strawberry Hill. Brook Green Suite was written in 1933 for St Paul's Girls' School junior orchestra by the famous English composer Gustav Holst, Director of Music at the school. St Paul's Girls' School is one of the leading independent schools in the country and has been situated on Brook Green since its formation in 1904. Brook Green, Hammersmith appears as'Brugglesmith' in the Rudyard Kipling story of the same name, first published in 1891; the story is a farce in which the narrator, who it is implied is Thackeray, has to escort a drunken sailor back to his wife. The Brook Green Hotel has stood at the Western end of Brook Green since 1886; the original Brook, piped in the 1800s still flows under the hotel to this day. The area's inns were used as coach houses and were popular entertainment venues. Today, The Brook Green Hotel is a pub on ground level, along with a cocktail bar in the basement below and a hotel upstairs.
The Queen's Head public house has a garden at the back. Brook Green boasts four English Heritage blue plaques, for the artist Sir Frank Short, the composer Gustav Holst, the Silver Studio of design, the writer Elizabeth Anne Finn. There is Brook Green Market and Kitchen, a FARMA certified farmers market in Addison Primary School. St Paul's Girls' School Bute House Preparatory School for Girls Larmenier and Sacred Heart Catholic School Sacred Heart High School Addison CE Primary School Lena Gardens Primary School St Mary's Catholic Primary School Lionheart Education Ken Suttle Elizabeth Anne Finn Angelo Colarossi Mischa Barton Richard Eyre John Silvester Varley Francis Job Short Immediate Media Co Pearlfisher CH2M Charlotte TilburyFormerly: EMI The Silver Studio Omnifone Virgin Places adjoining Brook Green: Kensington Hammersmith Shepherd's Bush Holland Park Stations: Kensington Olympia station Hammersmith tube station Hammersmith tube station London Underground Lines: District line Piccadilly line Hammersmith & City line Central line Hammersmith and Fulham parks and open spaces 18 and 19 Brook Green Footnotes Bibliography Friends of Brook Green