Parramatta (1866)

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Parramatta
Parramatta
History
Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svgUnited Kingdom
Name: Parramatta
Owner: Devitt and Moore House flag.svg Devitt and Moore
Builder: James Laing, Sunderland England
Launched: May 1866
In service: 1866
Fate: Lost at sea
General characteristics
Type: Blackwall frigate
Length: 70.4 m (231 ft)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship

Parramatta was a Scottish sailing ship that operated between Great Britain and Australia and America from 1866 to 1898. She was the second fastest Blackwall frigate. She originally carried wool from Australia to the United Kingdom.

History[edit]

Parramatta Sun : a serio-comic magazine, issued fortnightly, during the voyage of the ship Parramatta.[1]

The 70.4 metre long teak Parramatta was launched in May 1866 for Devitt and Moore, in the United Kingdom.[2] The ship was named after the Parramatta River near Sydney in Australia. The style of ship was known as a Blackwall frigate. These three-masted ships had been designed to supersede the British East Indiaman that carried goods from India to the United Kingdom. The clipper ships were actually used for carrying wool from Australia to the United Kingdom and passengers in both directions. The Parramatta was the fastest of this type apart from a ship called the Tweed.[3]

Apart from a brief spell in 1873-4, The Parramatta was under the command of Captain John Williams until she was sold to Norwegian owners.[2] In 1887 the ship was sold to J. Simonsen, Mandal, Norway.

When the Parramatta undertook its three-month journeys from London to Sydney it would issue a fortnightly amusing magazine to the passengers on board. Some of these were subsequently issued in book form after the journey. The magazine's name changed each time. The Parramatta Sun was issued on the outward journey to Sydney from London from, 9 September 1879, to 8 December 1879 and a copy is available on-line.[1]

In 1890 the Parramatta left England for Moscow. The ship travelled via Alexandria, Jerusalem, Cyprus and Constantinople. Explorer and nurse Kate Marsden was on board visiting leper hospitals en route to her trip to Siberia.[4]

Fate[edit]

On 1 December 1898 the Parramatta sailed from Galveston, Texas laden with pitch-pine, intending to sail to King's Lynn in Norfolk. It was never heard of again.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Parramatta Sun, Library of NSW, retrieved 6 March 2014
  2. ^ a b c Parramatta, Bruzelius.info, retrieved 5 March 2014
  3. ^ Tudgay, Frederick. "Painting, Wool Clipper Ship Parramatta". National Museum of American History. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Anderson, Monica (2006). Women and the politics of travel : 1870-1914. Madison, NJ [u.a.]: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ. Press. p. 160. ISBN 0838640915.