Pasadena is a city in the U. S. state of Texas, within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. As of the 2010 U. S. Census, the city's population is 149,043, making it the seventeenth most populous city in the state of Texas, as well as the second-largest city in Harris County; the area was founded in 1893 by John H. Burnett of Galveston, who named the area after Pasadena, because of the perceived lush vegetation; the Pasadena Volunteer Fire Department is the largest of all volunteer municipal fire departments in the United States. Prior to European settlement the area around Galveston Bay was settled by the Karankawa and Atakapan tribes the Akokisa, who lived throughout the Gulf coast region. Spanish explorers such as the Rivas-Iriarte expedition and José Antonio de Evia charted the bay and gave it its name; the pirate Jean Lafitte established a short-lived kingdom based in Galveston in the early 19th century with bases and hide-outs around the bay and around Clear Lake. Lafitte was forced to leave in 1821 by the U.
S. Navy. Following its declaration of independence from Spain the new nation of Mexico moved to colonize its northern territory of Texas by offering land grants to settlers both from within Mexico and from the nearby United States; the colony established by Stephen F. Austin and the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company of New York began a wave of settlement around the bay. Following a coup in the Mexican government by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Texas revolted against Mexican rule in 1835. After several battles and skirmishes the final battle of the Texas Revolution took place near modern Pasadena on April 21, 1836. Santa Anna was captured at Vince's Bayou; because this was the last conflict that led to the Mexican surrender and neighboring Deer Park have adopted the nickname "Birthplace of Texas". Sam Allen started a ranch in 1843 with 350 acres; this became the Allen Ranch which occupied what is now western Pasadena all the way to Harrisburg, Texas. By 1888, the ranch contained 15,000 acres in Harris County, 10,000 acres in Brazoria County, Texas with grazing lands in Galveston and Fort Bend Counties.
The Galveston, Houston & Henderson Railroad ran through the Allen ranch. There was a problem of cattle being killed on the tracks and in 1875, Allen built a 19-mile fence along the east side of the railway right of way to keep the cattle off the tracks; the fence ran from Harrisburg to League City and had four rails and a top rail wide enough to walk on. A gate was placed in the fence at the Harrisburg-Lynchburg Road with a large sign above instructing that it should be closed at all times; the area east of this railroad fence running from Buffalo Bayou to the tracks on Sims Bayou ran all the way to Galveston Bay. It contained 100,000 acres of grazing land for cattle. "Proposed" towns in or near present-day Pasadena were set up but short lived and either abandoned or never got off the ground. In 1892 Colonel John H. Burnett of Galveston established an unnamed townsite on the Vince Survey just east of the Allen Ranch. Burnett was involved in both construction and promotion of railroads and knew their impact on the value of property.
The land was sold in 10 acres lots. He had established the nearby towns of Deepwater and Genoa to be incorporated into Pasadena and Houston; the 1900 hurricane that destroyed Galveston damaged Pasadena, as well. The city received a population boost from some Galveston refugees who relocated to the mainland following the catastrophe. Donations by the newly created Red Cross, including millions of strawberry plants to Gulf Coast farmers, helped revive the community; this and the subsequent establishment of a major strawberry farm in the area by Texaco founder Joseph S. Cullinan made Pasadena a major fruit producer for many years afterward; as the community recovered major tracts of the Allen Ranch were liquidated opening up new development. Rice farmers from Japan settled in the community further diversifying its agriculture. Champion Coated Paper Company of Ohio opened a paper mill in 1937. Other businesses began to develop. In 1901 the Texas Oil Boom began with the gusher at Spindletop; the discovery of the oil field at Goose Creek led to increasing petroleum exploration around Galveston Bay.
By 1917–1920 refinery operations had appeared in Pasadena and continued to expand thereafter (Pasadena Refining System... The world wars brought further industrial development, with Pasadena's growth rate surpassing neighboring Houston. Pasadena voted to incorporate in 1923, but residents decided to cancel the incorporation one year later. Pasadena incorporated in 1928; because of the 1928 incorporation, Houston did not incorporate Pasadena's territory into its city limits, while Houston annexed surrounding areas that were unincorporated. By the mid-20th century Pasadena's economy had become tied to petroleum and other heavy industry. NASA's Johnson Space Center was established near Pasadena in 1963 with the residential community of Clear Lake City under Pasadena's jurisdiction, established nearby; these developments helped to diversify the town's economy significantly. Former Pasadena City Council member and State Representative Ray Barnhart described the city at the time as "a lovely community but politically corrupt."
Barnhart recalled that a half dozen Pasadena officials were indicted in the late 1950s and early 1960s for public corruption. In 1965, Houston Post reporter Gene Goltz Received the Pulitzer Prize for his exposure of government corruption in Pasadena, which resulted in widespread reforms. In the 21st century, Pasadena emerged as a working-class suburb of Houston, with a 60 percent Hispanic population. In 2015, Pasadena voted to alter the com
Oxford English Dictionary
The Oxford English Dictionary is the principal historical dictionary of the English language, published by Oxford University Press. It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a comprehensive resource to scholars and academic researchers, as well as describing usage in its many variations throughout the world; the second edition, comprising 21,728 pages in 20 volumes, was published in 1989. Work began on the dictionary in 1857, but it was only in 1884 that it began to be published in unbound fascicles as work continued on the project, under the name of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles. In 1895, the title The Oxford English Dictionary was first used unofficially on the covers of the series, in 1928 the full dictionary was republished in ten bound volumes. In 1933, the title The Oxford English Dictionary replaced the former name in all occurrences in its reprinting as twelve volumes with a one-volume supplement. More supplements came over the years until 1989.
Since 2000, compilation of a third edition of the dictionary has been underway half of, complete. The first electronic version of the dictionary was made available in 1988; the online version has been available since 2000, as of April 2014 was receiving over two million hits per month. The third edition of the dictionary will most only appear in electronic form: the Chief Executive of Oxford University Press has stated that it is unlikely that it will be printed; as a historical dictionary, the Oxford English Dictionary explains words by showing their development rather than their present-day usages. Therefore, it shows definitions in the order that the sense of the word began being used, including word meanings which are no longer used; each definition is shown with numerous short usage quotations. This allows the reader to get an approximate sense of the time period in which a particular word has been in use, additional quotations help the reader to ascertain information about how the word is used in context, beyond any explanation that the dictionary editors can provide.
The format of the OED's entries has influenced numerous other historical lexicography projects. The forerunners to the OED, such as the early volumes of the Deutsches Wörterbuch, had provided few quotations from a limited number of sources, whereas the OED editors preferred larger groups of quite short quotations from a wide selection of authors and publications; this influenced volumes of this and other lexicographical works. According to the publishers, it would take a single person 120 years to "key in" the 59 million words of the OED second edition, 60 years to proofread them, 540 megabytes to store them electronically; as of 30 November 2005, the Oxford English Dictionary contained 301,100 main entries. Supplementing the entry headwords, there are 157,000 bold-type derivatives; the dictionary's latest, complete print edition was printed in 20 volumes, comprising 291,500 entries in 21,730 pages. The longest entry in the OED2 was for the verb set, which required 60,000 words to describe some 430 senses.
As entries began to be revised for the OED3 in sequence starting from M, the longest entry became make in 2000 put in 2007 run in 2011. Despite its considerable size, the OED is neither the world's largest nor the earliest exhaustive dictionary of a language. Another earlier large dictionary is the Grimm brothers' dictionary of the German language, begun in 1838 and completed in 1961; the first edition of the Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca is the first great dictionary devoted to a modern European language and was published in 1612. The official dictionary of Spanish is the Diccionario de la lengua española, its first edition was published in 1780; the Kangxi dictionary of Chinese was published in 1716. The dictionary began as a Philological Society project of a small group of intellectuals in London: Richard Chenevix Trench, Herbert Coleridge, Frederick Furnivall, who were dissatisfied with the existing English dictionaries; the Society expressed interest in compiling a new dictionary as early as 1844, but it was not until June 1857 that they began by forming an "Unregistered Words Committee" to search for words that were unlisted or poorly defined in current dictionaries.
In November, Trench's report was not a list of unregistered words. The Society realized that the number of unlisted words would be far more than the number of words in the English dictionaries of the 19th century, shifted their idea from covering only words that were not in English diction
Pasadena is Ozma's fourth full-length studio album. "No One Needs to Know" - 3:36 "Barriers" - 3:05 "Eponine - "3:18" "Fight the Darkness" - 2:59 "Heartache vs Heartbreak" - 3:33 "Incarnation Blues" - 2:24 "Lunchbreak" - 3:37 "Motorology 3:39" - 4:11 "I Wonder" - 2:56 "Underneath My Tree" - 3:15 "Straight Flush" - 3:56
"Pasadena" is the debut single by Australian pop singer John Young, released in January 1972 and peaking at number 16 on the Australian Go-Set Chart. The single was released under the name John Young. Young's subsequent releases used "John Paul Young" to avoid confusion with Johnny Young, the 1960s pop star and Young Talent Time presenter. Young performed the song on Happening 70 on Channel Ten."Pasadena"was re-recorded in 1975 for Young's debut studio album Hero. 7" Side A "Pasadena" - 3:15 Side B "Better Go Back to Bed" - 2:20 John Paul Young — Lead vocals George Young - Backing Vocals Ian "Willie" Winter — Guitar Johnny Dick — Drums, percussion Warren Morgan — Ronnie Peel — Bass, backing vocals) Ray Goodwin — Guitar John Paul Young - Pasadena
Pasadena Hills, Missouri
Pasadena Hills is a city in St. Louis County, United States; the population was 930 at the 2010 census. The entire city is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Pasadena Hills is located at 38°42′27″N 90°17′32″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.22 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 930 people, 433 households, 273 families residing in the city; the population density was 4,227.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 470 housing units at an average density of 2,136.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 28.1% White, 68.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.4% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population. There were 433 households of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.0% were non-families.
31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.67. The median age in the city was 50.4 years. 16.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3% male and 53.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,147 people, 460 households, 316 families residing in the city; the population density was 5,044.0 people per square mile. There were 478 housing units at an average density of 2,102.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 29.99% White, 67.39% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.09% from other races, 1.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population. There were 460 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.1% were non-families.
25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 32.4% from 45 to 64, 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $83,438, the median income for a family was $91,354. Males had a median income of $77,500 versus $52,596 for females; the per capita income for the city was $48,065. There were.7% of families and 1.0% of the population living below the poverty line, including 1.4% of under 18 and 4.1% of those over 64
Pasadena (TV series)
Pasadena is an American prime time soap opera that aired on Fox from September to November 2001. The series starred Alison Lohman as Lily McAllister, an naïve young woman who witnesses a stranger's suicide and begins to investigate the secrets being hidden by her own wealthy California family, the Greeleys. Other cast members included Dana Delany and Martin Donovan as Lily's parents and Catherine McAllister, Chris Marquette as Lily's brother Mason. Mark Valley, Balthazar Getty, Natasha Gregson Wagner portrayed Catherine's siblings Robert and Beth Greeley, while Philip Baker Hall and Barbara Babcock played Greeley patriarch and matriarch George and Lillian. Alan Simpson was cast with Derek Cecil as Henry's brother Tom. Alison Lohman as Lily McAllister Alan Simpson as Henry Bellow Martin Donovan as Will McAllister Dana Delany as Catherine McAllister Chris Marquette as Mason McAllister Natasha Gregson Wagner as Beth Greeley Mark Valley as Robert Greeley Nicole Paggi as Jennie Bradbury Balthazar Getty as Nate Greeley Pasadena was created by Mike White, who attended elementary and high school in Pasadena, California.
Actress/director Diane Keaton directed the pilot episode, was among the show's executive producers. Other producers included Mark B. Perry, Dana Baratta, R. W. Goodwin, Bill Robinson; the pilot was edited by Tatiana S. Riegel. Although the show was critically acclaimed, it was watched by only 4.3 million viewers. The general speculation at the time was that, with the series having premiered two weeks after the September 11, 2001 attacks, American audiences were not willing to watch a show like Pasadena, with its dark atmosphere and cynical storylines. Only four episodes were aired in the U. S. in 2001, though thirteen were filmed, with the last episode resolving the central mystery of the series. In late 2005, the series was shown in its entirety for the first time in the United States, on the cable channel SoapNet. In 2003 and 2004, all thirteen episodes were aired in various countries such as Romania, Colombia, Croatia, México, Slovakia, New Zealand, Denmark, South Africa and China, it began airing in Belgium on June 27, 2010 on Club RTL.
Mill Creek Entertainment announced the series on DVD. Pasadena on IMDb Pasadena at TV.com
Pasadena, Newfoundland and Labrador
Pasadena is an incorporated town located in census division 5, in the western portion of Newfoundland, Canada. The community is situated on the shores of Deer Lake at the junction of the North Arm Valley and the Humber Valley; the town was named after California. The meaning of the name is sometimes claimed to be "crown of the valley"; the Town of Pasadena claims the name is Spanish for "crown of the valley". However, the name, first applied to the city in California, is a corruption of an Ojibwe phrase meaning "valley" or "of the valley"; the founders of Pasadena, claimed it was Ojibwe for "crown of the valley" or "key of the valley" when in fact it only meant "of the valley". The Town of Pasadena consisted of three separate communities: South Brook and Midland. South BrookSouth Brook was located on the sandy shore of Deer Lake, it evolved much earlier than Pasadena, starting out in the early 1920s as a logging camp for the Bowater Company from Corner Brook. The railway used South Brook, but only as a stop along its route across the island.
In 1921, the census showed. However, South Brook soon became a hive of activity, when the Bowaters Company started up its woods operations, it established a bunkhouse, cook-house and a company store to supply the needs of the areas wood camps. These camps would employ as many as 100 loggers during the winter months. Logging was the main industry in South Brook, but it had a good supply of rock, suitable for the building of the power house in Deer Lake, so a quarry was set up and the rock was shipped to Deer Lake by train. Homes began to spring up in South Brook as the men coming to work in the wood camps brought their families with them. With women and children living there, medical aid, recreation facilities were needed. Church services were held in people’s houses at first, but all religions used the school as their church. PasadenaThe second piece of the puzzle begins in St. John's. In 1923, Leonard Earle, a business man in St. John’s, who had a small 11-acre farm on the outskirts of the city, heard about some suitable farm land on the West Coast in the Humber Valley area.
Wanting to get into farming full-time, he decided to visit the area and attempt to purchase some land. He discussed the acquisition of the land with the paper company officials, but the talks foundered when it was discovered that the company did not own the land. Thus, Earle was forced to return to his small farm in the city. Ten years in 1933, Earle was informed that a 2,500-acre block of land, the same land that he had been interested in years earlier, was for sale. Seizing the opportunity, he sold his St. John’s farm and purchased the farmland in the Humber Valley. In the summer of 1933, he hired a group of men from Corner Brook to build a house, with the help of some men that came with him, he cleared the land by hand and capstan, they planted vegetables. The flat fertile land and the temperate climate provided ideal conditions for growing such crops as potatoes and carrots. Earle decided to call this part of the Humber Valley, Pasadena, in honour of his wife, who had once lived in Pasadena, in honour of their marriage, as, where they were married.
The name Pasadena is derived from an Ojibwa word meaning "valley", "valley town", "key of the big valley", or "crown of the valley", depending on which expert you ask. The Earles may have been the first family to settle in Pasadena, but it wasn’t long before others became interested in the little community; the first winter, the Earles were joined by Mrs. Joseph Ryan; that same year, three section men with the Newfoundland Railway, Ned Carter, Jim Carter, Douglas Tapp were transferred to the area. It was these five families. MidlandThe third and final piece of the puzzle, the community of Midland, evolved in 1936 as part of a government relocation program. Due to a severe decline in the inshore fishery around the Avalon Peninsula, many families were starving and the government of Commission began to look for some other means of livelihood for them, it was on the forest-covered, level land, next door to Pasadena, that the government land settlement began. It was named Midland because of its position -- halfway between Corner Brook.
Potential settlers for this community came from outlying areas of the island affected by the Great Depression. The 25 men involved in the resettlement program came from Argentia, Red Island, Burin, Bell Island, Clarke’s Beach. In June 1936, the men came to Midland. With just one tractor, supplied by the government, they started clearing the land, in preparation for their families to join them; the men cleared two 20-acre fields and used them as a community farm until their own individual land was ready. All vegetables grown were taken to the government store to be sold and any profits were shared among the men. In September 1936, all 25 homes were ready for occupancy; the homes were simple. There was no electricity or running water and all the bathrooms were located about thirty feet back in the woods. All homes were built and painted alike, therefore it was difficult to tell one home from another; that day in September arrived when the men settlers from Midland went to the railway in Pasadena to meet their excited families.
To transport their families and their few belongings from the station, a platform with seats was built on a horse-drawn cart. Over the years, roads were improved and more land was cleared, but the farms never materialized. Each