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Pascendi Dominici gregis

Pascendi Dominici gregis is a papal encyclical letter, subtitled "On the Doctrines of the Modernists", promulgated by Pope Pius X on 8 September 1907. Pius X viewed the church as under siege, intellectually from rationalism and materialism, politically from liberalism and anti-clericalism; the pope condemned modernism, a loose movement of Catholic biblical scholars and theologians who believed that the church could not ignore new scientific historical research concerning the Bible. Maude Petre would recall, "We must remember, in fairness to those who were not always fair, that the impact of historical criticism on the traditional teaching of the Church was terrifying. Interpretation based on faith, on the other hand, "is a purely subjective"; this discounts the value of revelation. Concerning Jesus, "In the person of Christ, they say and history encounter nothing, not human. Therefore, in virtue of the first canon deduced from agnosticism, whatever there is in His history suggestive of the divine, must be rejected.".

The threat was seen as more severe as appearing to come from member of the ordained clergy. Much of the encyclical was drafted by Joseph Lemius, Procurator General of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, Capuchin Cardinal José Calassanç Vives y Tuto, it condemned the proposition that religion is a sentiment based on a psychological need for the divine. The fundamental error attributed to the modernists was that of denying the capacity of reason to know the truth, thereby reducing everything – including religion, including Christianity – to subjective experience. Modernists rejected this interpretation, saying their focus was on historical criticism of sacred texts. Following the example of the bishops of Umbria, Pius X directed the bishops to establish councils to look into any errors being promoted in their dioceses and to inform the bishop thereof, with particular attention given to the curriculum and texts used in the seminaries and schools, it reiterated a 1896 decree of the Congregation of Indulgences and Sacred Relics that "Ancient relics are to retain the veneration they have always enjoyed except when in individual instances there are clear arguments that they are false or suppositions.'

If however, the bishop knows the relic is not authentic, it is to be withdrawn from veneration, if authentication has been lost due to civil disturbances, no relic may be presented for public veneration before the bishop has verified it.' Pascendi Dominici gregis Latin Text Pascendi Dominici gregis English Text ] Pascendi Dominici gregis Latin Text

Seema Singh

Seema Singh is an Indian film actress, dancer and television presenter. Singh is one of the most famous item song dancers in Bhojpuri cinema and has been nicknamed'Item Queen' for appearing in over 500 films and videos. Singh has established a career in Bhojpuri film, is the recipient of several awards, including Bhojpuri Film Awards. Dainik Jagran, भोजपुरी फिल्मों की डांस क्वीन, जिन्हें देखकर हेलेन की याद ताजा हो जाएग, 26 June 2016 Dainik Bhaskar, ये हैं भोजपुरी फिल्मों की आइटम क्वीन, सलमान की मां को मानती है रोल मॉडल, 14 July 2016 Aaj Tak, ये हैं भोजपुरी फ‍िल्मों की आइटम क्वीन, फिर आ रही हैं होश उड़ाने, 23 April 2018

Institute of Semitic Studies

The Institute of Semitic Studies is a nonprofit independent research institution based in Princeton, New Jersey dedicated to the academic study of Semitic languages and cultures. Its work seeks to highlight the contribution of Afroasiatic peoples to world civilization, in general, Western culture, in particular, it was founded in Princeton in 1984 and incorporated in 1985 and is directed by Ephraim Isaac a Harvard trained scholar and peace activist. The Institute releases a bi-annual linguistically focused international scholarly journal entitled the Journal of Afroasiatic Languages published by the Red Sea Press. In addition to its academic journal, it recently launched an academic monograph series called Afroasiatic Studies in collaboration with the Red Sea Press; the Institute of Semitic Studies is the first independent research institute that focuses on Semitic and Afroasiatic studies within the United States. Among the Institute’s major achievements to date is the sponsorship of the 1989 symposium on the Dead Sea Scrolls.

According to the Institute's website, "This symposium was editorialized in the Washington Post as a commendable peace-making effort among bitterly quarreling scholars.". In 1992, the Institute sponsored the Second International Congress of "Yemenite Jewish Studies" where the Congress brought together over 200 scholars and many interested individuals from Israel, the United States, the Middle East. A congratulatory message was given by the future US President Bill Clinton and the Prime Minister Shamir of Israel; the Institute supports a Princeton Theological Seminary project to make the Dead Sea Scrolls publicly available in their original Hebrew and/or Aramaic, with new English translations. It supports the University of Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary Project. In 1988, it co-sponsored with the Univ. of Pennsylvania the 35th International Congress of Assyriology. In 1991, it co-sponsored with Princeton University the Fifth Congress of Judaeo-Arabic Studies and another on Ancient Iraq, it has organized frequent public and educational programs.

Among these are those on the Nabataeans, religions of pre-Islamic Arabia, Ethiopic Christian manuscripts. The Institute has collaborated with Princeton University, Princeton Theological Seminary, the University of Pennsylvania, the New York Bar Association, the Israeli Association for Society and Culture, as well as Pennsylvania Governor’s Cultural Affairs Department, the University of the Arts, Please Touch Me Museum, the Woodrow Wilson Institute, many others. Support for the work of the Institute has come from various sources, but most notably the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the New Jersey Committee for the Humanities, the New York Committee for the Humanities, Bristol Myers Co, Blum Foundation, Lawrence Gelb Foundation, New York City Central Labor Council: AFL-CIO, State of Ben L. Burman, H. J. Stich Foundation, JDC, many generous individuals all over the US. In its first years of establishment, the work of the Institute of Semitic Studies had caught national and international attention.

In a little less than a decade, its work was reported in five front-page newspaper stories, its role discussed in one major editorial. Stories about the work of the Institute have been featured in the Boston Globe, Chicago Tribune, Christian Science Monitor, several local and international papers and other media including the BBC; the Institute’s mission is to promote the unique and rich contributions of Semitic and Afroasiatic culture and language to world civilization through rigorous academic research. As an integral part of its mission, however, it seeks to integrate its scholarship with peace-building efforts in the Horn of Africa and the Middle East through the promotion of mutual understanding of common cultural and linguistic heritages; the institute is planning to build an African Peace Center in Princeton which would be to dedicated academic peace-building research and conflict mediation for conflict ridden regions in Africa. Isaac, Ephraim; the Ethiopian Orthodox Tawahido Church. Afroasiatic Studies No 1.

Trenton, NJ: Red Sea Press, 2012. Demeke, Girma. Amharic-Argobba Dictionary. Afroasiatic Studies No 2. Trenton, NJ: Red Sea Press, 2013. Demeke, Girma; the Origin of Amharic. Afroasiatic Studies No 3. Trenton, NJ: Red Sea Press, 2013

Susie Schmitt Hanson

Susie Schmitt Hanson was a milliner and entrepreneur from Minnesota. As the owner of one of Waconia's longest-running businesses, she remains a prominent figure in the history of that town. Susan "Susie" Schmitt was born on August 1860 in the village of Chaska, she was one of eight children of Rosina Schmitt. The others were Andrew, Anna, Caroline and twins Joseph and Josephine. Schmitt was a talented seamstress from a young age, she turned that gift into a career spanning nearly seven decades, working on quilts, hats, hat pins, more. Susie Schmitt first entered the millinery business in 1888 as an apprentice for four years in the city of St. Paul. Afterward, she returned to Chaska to run a dressmaking business; that business operated for twelve years. In 1898, Schmitt opened her own millinery shop in Waconia. Four years she moved the shop to a prime location on Main Street after purchasing the A. Ed. Kauder property for $2,300. At this new location, the store focused on millinery. Schmitt operated the business for forty-eight years, until she sold it to Mrs. Elva Ellison in 1946.

She continued remodeling hats in a smaller shop. Schmitt maintained scrapbooks of newspaper clippings of weddings and key events, which are now in the Carver County Historical Society collection along with many of her photographs and examples of her work as a milliner. In July, 1912, Susie Schmitt married Charles Hanson, a local carpenter born in March 1861; the couple never had children of their own, leaving Schmitt to care for and spoil her nieces and nephews. After Hanson died on June 16, 1932, Schmitt outlived him by twenty-three years, until her own death on October 7, 1956 at the age of ninety-six. "Miss Susie Schmitt Married." Waconia Patriot, July 5, 1912. "Mrs. Hansen a Milliner 40 Years." Waconia Patriot, July 12, 1928. "Mrs. Hansen Sells Millinery Store." Waconia Patriot, June 13, 1946. "Purchase Property." Weekly Valley Herald, January 29, 1903. "Waconia's Oldest Citizen Died Sunday." Waconia Patriot, October 11, 1956. Ben-Yusuf, Anna; the Art of Millinery: A Complete Series of Practical Lessons for the Artiste and the Amateur.

New York: Millinery Trade Publishing Co. 1909. Powell, Vee Walker. How to Make Hats and Accessories. Garden City, NY: Garden City Publishing Co. 1946. Schilling, Trish Carney. Millinery Preservation: Storage, Tools, Felt, Fabric, Repairs-Hat Bodies, Repairs-Wires & Headsize Chart. Minneapolis: Minneapolis Millinery, 1999; this article incorporates text from MNopedia, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License

Myrtle Beach 250

The Myrtle Beach 250 was a NASCAR Busch Series stock car race held at Myrtle Beach Speedway, in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. Added to the Busch Series schedule in 1988, Myrtle Beach Speedway hosted one race per year through the 2000 season, after which it was removed from the schedule; the first three races held were 200 laps. The distance was extended to 250 laps starting in 1991, where it remained for the rest of the race's history. Jimmy Spencer and Jeff Green were the only drivers to win twice in this race. Spencer won at both the 200 and 250 laps race lengths, while Green won the final two races held at Myrtle Beach. Two other short tracks, Nashville Speedway USA and South Boston Speedway, were removed from the Busch Series schedule after the 2000 season; this extra room created on the schedule was used to help add new races at Chicagoland Speedway, Kansas Speedway, Nashville Superspeedway, Kentucky Speedway starting in 2001. Racing-Reference.info - Myrtle Beach Speedway Race Results

Samsung YP-R1

The Samsung YP-R1 is a portable media player made by Samsung, first leaked on the webshop play.com on June 14, 2009 and released at the end of September 2009. It was developed along with the YP-R0; the R1 is available in four different Flash memory capacities: 4 GB, 8 GB, 16 GB and 32 GB. It comes in three different colors: black and pink, it features an aluminum case, a 2.6 inch TFT LCD capacitive touchscreen with a resolution of 240 by 400 pixels, a RDS FM tuner, bluetooth and a proprietary USB connector. Several EQ and sound effects are available through Samsung's DNSe 3.0 sound engine. Audio codecs: MP3, WMA, WAV, OGG Vorbis, AAC-LC/Plus, RA and FLAC. Video codecs: DivX, Xvid, MPEG-4, H.264, WMV9 in AVI/SVI/MP4/WMV/ASF/MOV containers. Video files up to resolution 720x480 are natively supported so in most cases converting is not necessary. Picture formats: JPG, BMP, PNG, GIF Other: TXT and SWF files The Samsung R1 is compatible with Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X when USB mode is set to MSC as a drag and drop USB mass storage device.

The player can function as a Windows Media 10 and up device when USB mode is set to MTP. The R1 is the last Samsung MP3 player to have this proprietary USB connector. Newer devices have a standard microUSB connector. Besides the touchscreen, it has 3 physical keys; the R1 only powers off after several hours not being used or when pressing the reset hole. The rest of the time it only switches to a sleep mode. Samsung claims up to 5 hours of video playback; the R1 features an widget based TouchWiz user interface developed in landscape mode. However it is possible to rotate the "Now Playing" screen to portrait mode; the YP-R1 has a bluetooth 2.0 + EDR chip which supports several profiles including A2DP, AVRCP, HFP, Object Push etc... As a result, it is possible to receive and emit phone calls on the R1 over bluetooth, to send and receive files or to listen to music with a stereo bluetooth headset. Marketed as a major feature in France where the commercial name R'MIX comes from, the DJ feature was viewed as superfluous by the reviewers and users.

This feature allows the user to scratch and apply several DJ filters and pre-recorded samples on a music track. The final result cannot be saved though; this feature was first introduced on the Samsung Platine/Beat DJ mobile phone a few months ago. The R1 has four embedded games and supports SWF flash games and applications, it has a voice recorder and a TV line-out using a 3.5mm to RCA cable. No additional CD is shipped with the R1 but the optional software EmoDio can be found in the device's internal memory or can be downloaded from the official Samsung website. EmoDio is able to sync one's library with the R1, convert video files, manage playlists, rip CDs etc.. Samsung released 9 firmware versions, from v1.09 to the latest one, v3.07, released on October 26, 2010. Most of them are only bug fixes releases but Samsung released two major updates adding or improving features; the first one is v2.00 released on November 24, 2009. Which made the coverflow and pictures scroll smoother, it added two flash games.

The v3.00 released on December 27, 2009 added the premium fonts and UCI support and SDK 3.0 UCI support. It made the coverflow and videos scroll still smoother, but the most awaited improvement was the playing time with DNSe sound effects enabled. Indeed, while the audio battery life with DNSe disabled is more than 20 hours, with DNSe enabled it was only about 8 hours. With firmware v3.00 this was improved to 12.5 hours. Like the YP-R0, the R1 is infamous for its many bugs the library update one: when adding new files into the player's internal memory, it automatically updates the media library after disconnecting the device from the computer, it sometimes occurs that due to some specific audio files, the updating process hangs up, leading to brick the device. It is no longer recognized by the computer and can no longer start up. Samsung never managed to find all root causes; as a result, the issue may occur with the latest firmware v3.07. A preventive solution is to install Rockbox. Otherwise the user has to send his device back to the after-sales service center or use the leaked recovery tool.

Unlike the older Samsung players which had a specific firmware for every region, on R1 the region code can be changed independently from the firmware. Each region code has it owns specificities like RDS support, lyrics support, MSC only or MSC/MTP setting etc... Following the success of YP-R0 modded firmware, the Italian developer worked on a modded firmware for YP-R1; this modded v4.00 based on the official v3.07 was released on September 15, 2011. Compared to the official firmware v3.07 it adds a "Safe Mode", a DRK to unbrick the device, a CPU downclocking tool to save battery life and the possibility to customize th