Culver CityBus is a public transport agency operating in Culver City, California serving Culver City, the unincorporated community of Marina del Rey, the adjacent Los Angeles neighborhoods. Its regular fleet is painted bright green and its rapid fleet a chrome gray, distinguishing it from Santa Monica's Big Blue Bus, orange-colored Metro Local buses, red-colored Metro Rapid buses, whose coverage areas overlap on Los Angeles's Westside. Culver CityBus was founded in 4 March 1928, making it the second oldest municipal bus line in California and the oldest public transit bus system still operating in Los Angeles County. Big Blue Bus was founded in 14 April 1928, the San Francisco Municipal Railway began streetcar service 28 December 1912. Within its service area of around 33 square miles, the Culver CityBus provides service to the communities of: Venice Westchester Westwood West Los Angeles Palms Playa Vista Marina del Rey Mar Vista Century City Culver City Culver CityBus operates 3 daily routes, 3 weekday-only routes, 2 Monday-Saturday routes within Los Angeles County.
Among its 3 weekday-only routes, Culver CityBus operates a Rapid route. # Weekend service is provided on New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day. Notes:Culver CityBus operates an all New Flyer fleet of 54 buses. All buses run on CNG. Culver CityBus has retired its old fleet made of buses by Flxible, TMC/RTS, Gillig. Culver city is beginning to retire its C40lf fleet from 2001 and 2004. New 2017 XN40 coaches are in service. All buses are numbered 70—and 71--. Buses were painted green and white, but all buses were repainted to all green in 2000. In 2008, large decals honoring Culver CityBus's 80th year of service were affixed to buses and were removed in 2009. Culver CityBus began operating six New Flyer C40LFR buses on the new Rapid 6 starting on January 4, 2010. Rapid Buses are painted a chrome gray to distinguish themselves from the regular bright green buses. In 2012, Culver CityBus took delivery of 20 New Flyer Xcelsior XN40 Buses and started operating some of them beginning in late May 2012 with the rest to be phased in by late June.
Culver City Bus
Pasadena Transit known as Pasadena Area Rapid Transit System, is a city-operated local bus service in Pasadena, United States. It was formed in 1994 coinciding with the kickoff of the World Cup at the Rose Bowl as a free service of the City of Pasadena. In 2003, fares were introduced. In December 2015, the agency changed its name to Pasadena Transit. Pasadena Transit consists of 8 routes in the City of Pasadena. All routes connect with the Metro Gold Line. Effective July 1, 2018, service is operated seven days a week, with the exception of six major holidays; the Pasadena-Altadena Regional Trolley System is a proposed heritage streetcar system that would connect Altadena and Pasadena City College. No dates for this proposal have been set. Gold Line
Public transport is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, that charge a posted fee for each trip. Examples of public transport include city buses, trolleybuses and passenger trains, rapid transit and ferries. Public transport between cities is dominated by airlines and intercity rail. High-speed rail networks are being developed in many parts of the world. Most public transport systems run along fixed routes with set embarkation/disembarkation points to a prearranged timetable, with the most frequent services running to a headway. However, most public transport trips include other modes of travel, such as passengers walking or catching bus services to access train stations. Share taxis offer on-demand services in many parts of the world, which may compete with fixed public transport lines, or compliment them, by bringing passengers to interchanges. Paratransit is sometimes used for people who need a door-to-door service.
Urban public transit differs distinctly among Asia, North America, Europe. In Asia, profit-driven, privately-owned and publicly traded mass transit and real estate conglomerates predominantly operate public transit systems In North America, municipal transit authorities most run mass transit operations. In Europe, both state-owned and private companies predominantly operate mass transit systems, Public transport services can be profit-driven by use of pay-by-the-distance fares or funded by government subsidies in which flat rate fares are charged to each passenger. Services can be profitable through high usership numbers and high farebox recovery ratios, or can be regulated and subsidised from local or national tax revenue. Subsidised, free of charge services operate in some towns and cities. For geographical and economic reasons, differences exist internationally regarding use and extent of public transport. While countries in the Old World tend to have extensive and frequent systems serving their old and dense cities, many cities of the New World have more sprawl and much less comprehensive public transport.
The International Association of Public Transport is the international network for public transport authorities and operators, policy decision-makers, scientific institutes and the public transport supply and service industry. It has 3,400 members from 92 countries from all over the globe. Conveyances designed for public hire are as old as the first ferries, the earliest public transport was water transport: on land people walked or rode an animal. Ferries appear in Greek mythology—corpses in ancient Greece were buried with a coin underneath their tongue to pay the ferryman Charon to take them to Hades; some historical forms of public transport include the stagecoach, traveling a fixed route between coaching inns, the horse-drawn boat carrying paying passengers, a feature of European canals from their 17th-century origins. The canal itself as a form of infrastructure dates back to antiquity – ancient Egyptians used a canal for freight transportation to bypass the Aswan cataract – and the Chinese built canals for water transportation as far back as the Warring States period which began in the 5th century BCE.
Whether or not those canals were used for for-hire public transport remains unknown. The omnibus, the first organized public transit system within a city, appears to have originated in Paris, France, in 1662, although the service in question failed a few months after its founder, Blaise Pascal, died in August 1662; the omnibus was introduced to London in July 1829. The first passenger horse-drawn railway opened in 1806: it ran between Swansea and Mumbles in southwest Wales in the United Kingdom. In 1825 George Stephenson built the Locomotion for the Stockton and Darlington Railway in northeast England, the first public steam railway in the world; the first successful electric streetcar was built for 12 miles of track for the Union Passenger Railway in Richmond, Virginia in 1888. Electric streetcars could carry heavier passenger loads than predecessors, which reduced fares and stimulated greater transit use. Two years after the Richmond success, over thirty two thousand electric streetcars were operating in America.
Electric streetcars paved the way for the first subway system in America. Before electric streetcars, steam powered subways were considered. However, most people believed that riders would avoid the smoke filled subway tunnels from the steam engines. In 1894, Boston built the first subway in the United States, an electric streetcar line in a 1.5 mile tunnel under Tremont Street’s retail district. Other cities such as New York followed, constructing hundreds of miles of subway in the following decades. Aerial lift Aerial tramway Funifor Chairlift Detachable chairlift Funitel Gondola lift Maritime transport Ferry Cable ferry Reaction ferry Water taxi Land transport Personal public transport Bicycle-sharing system Carsharing Personal rapid transit Rail transport Inter-city rail High-speed rail Maglev Urban rail transit Airport rail link Atmospheric railway Automated guideway transit Cable car Cable railway Commuter rail Elevated railway Funicular Inclined elevator Light rail Medium-capacity rail system Mono
San Gorgonio Pass
San Gorgonio Pass, sometimes incorrectly referred to as Banning Pass due to the location of Banning, California about 6.5 miles east of the pass summit, el. 2,600 ft, is a gap on the rim of the Great Basin between the San Bernardino Mountains to the north and the San Jacinto Mountains to the south, carrying Interstate 10 and the Union Pacific Railroad between the Los Angeles basin and the Coachella Valley. Like Cajon Pass to the northwest, it was created by the San Andreas Fault, with the valleys leading up to the pass aligned with the fault; the pass is not as steep as Cajon or Tejon passes, but it is one of the deepest mountain passes in the 48 contiguous states, with the mountains to either side rising 9,000 ft above it. San Gorgonio Mountain, taller but farther away and less visible, is at the northern side of the pass, Mount San Jacinto is on the southern side. Mount San Jacinto has the fifth-largest rock wall in North America, its peak is only six miles south of Interstate 10. Today, San Gorgonio Pass is used by commuters from the Greater San Bernardino Area to travel through the mountains to Palm Springs and the Coachella Valley, points further east, all the way to Phoenix, Arizona.
The pass is the major geologic divide between the igneous batholithic Peninsular Ranges and the Transverse Ranges, a massive fault block composed of more diverse forms of rock. According to Yule 2009, the pass is the single "largest discontinuity along the San Andreas fault". Were faulting not to occur, the Peninsular Ranges would have been contiguous with the Sierra Nevada; the summit of the pass is in Beaumont, just east of the junction of Interstate 10 and State Route 79, at an elevation of about 2,600 ft. However, the heart of the pass is considered to be further east near Cabazon, where the passageway between the two mountain ranges is narrowest. Eastward from here, the route descends steeply towards the Coachella Valley, with the eastern end of the pass taken to be at the junction of Interstate 10 and State Route 111 near Whitewater Canyon; the Southern Pacific Railroad laid down tracks through the pass in 1875, in 1952 an expressway was built through the pass, carrying U. S. Route 99, U.
S. Route 70 and U. S. Route 60. There are still portions of the old U. S. 99 route between Whitewater Canyon and Cabazon. Main Street in Cabazon, Ramsey Street in Banning, 6th Street in Beaumont, Roberts Road in Calimesa are all old sections of U. S. 99. The San Gorgonio Pass area tends to get snow at least once or twice during the winter months, although it sticks to hard surfaces, such as the freeway or city streets; the most famous sight on San Gorgonio Pass is the San Gorgonio Pass Wind Farm on its eastern slope, as it marks the gateway into the Coachella Valley. Nearby are the Cabazon Dinosaurs on the north side of the freeway from Cabazon. San Gorgonio Pass Historical Society website
The Inland Empire is a metropolitan area and region in Southern California. The term may be used to refer to the cities of western Riverside County and southwestern San Bernardino County, sometimes including the desert communities of Palm Springs and the rest of the Coachella Valley; the U. S. Census Bureau-defined Riverside–San Bernardino–Ontario metropolitan area, which comprises Riverside County and San Bernardino County, covers more than 27,000 sq mi and has a population of 4 million. Most of the area's population is located in southwestern San Bernardino County and northwestern Riverside County. At the end of the nineteenth century, the Inland Empire was a major center of agriculture, including citrus and winemaking. However, agriculture declined through the twentieth century, since the 1970s a growing population, fed by families migrating in search of affordable housing, has led to more residential and commercial development; the term "Inland Empire" is documented to have been used by the Riverside Enterprise newspaper as early as April 1914.
Developers in the area introduced the term to promote the region and to highlight the area's unique features. The "Inland" part of the name is derived from the region's location, about 60 miles inland from Los Angeles and the Pacific Ocean; this area was called the Orange Empire due to the acres of citrus groves that once extended from Pasadena to Redlands during the first half of the twentieth century. The Inland Empire is a nebulous region, but is defined as the cities of western Riverside County and the cities of southwestern San Bernardino County. A broader definition will include the desert community of Palm Springs and its surrounding area, a much larger definition will include all of San Bernardino and Riverside counties. What is now known as the Inland Empire was inhabited for thousands of years, prior to the late eighteenth century, by the Tongva and Cahuilla Native Americans. With Spanish colonization and the subsequent Mexican era the area was sparsely populated at the land grant Ranchos, considering it unsuitable for missions.
The first American settlers, a group of Mormon pioneers, arrived over the Cajon Pass in 1851. Although the Mormons left a scant six years recalled to Salt Lake City by Brigham Young during the church's Utah War with the US government, other settlers soon followed; the entire landmass of Southern California was subdivided according to the San Bernardino Meridian, first plotted as part of the Public Land Survey System in November 1852, by Col. Henry Washington. Base Line road, a major thoroughfare, today runs from Highland to San Dimas, intermittently along the absolute baseline coordinates plotted by Col. Washington. San Bernardino County was first formed out of parts of Los Angeles County on April 26, 1853. While the partition once included what is today most of Riverside County, the region is not as monolithic as it may sound. Rivalries between Colton, Redlands and San Bernardino over the location of the county seat in the 1890s caused each of them to form their own civic communities, each with their own newspapers.
On August 14, 1893, the state Senate allowed Riverside County to form out of land in San Bernardino and San Diego counties, after rejecting a bill for Pomona to split from L. A. County and become the seat of; the arrival of rail and the importation of navel and Valencia orange trees in the 1870s touched off explosive growth, with the area becoming a major center for citrus production. This agricultural boom continued with the arrival of water from the Colorado River and the rapid growth of Los Angeles in the early twentieth century, with dairy farming becoming another staple industry. In 1926, Route 66 came through the northern parts of the area, bringing a stream of tourists and migrants to the region. Still, the region endured as the key part of the Southern California "citrus belt" until the end of World War II, when a new generation of real-estate developers bulldozed acres of agricultural land to build suburbs; the precursor to the San Bernardino Freeway, the Ramona Expressway, was built in 1944, further development of the freeway system in the area facilitated the expansion of suburbs and human migration throughout the Inland Empire and Southern California.
The region experienced significant economic and population growth through most of the latter half of the twentieth century. In the early 1990s, the loss of the region's military bases and reduction of nearby defense industries due to the end of the Cold War led to a local economic downturn; the region as a whole had recovered from this downturn by the start of the twenty-first century through the development of warehousing, shipping and retail industries centered around Ontario. However, these industries have been affected by the Great Recession. Physical boundaries between Los Angeles and the Inland Empire from west to east are the San Jose Hills splitting the San Gabriel Valley from the Pomona Valley, leading to the urban populations centered in the San Bernardino Valley. From the south to north, the Santa Ana Mountains physically divide Orange County from San Bernardino and Riverside Counties; the Santa Rosa Mountains, as well as the Southern California portion of the Sonoran Desert, physically divide Riverside County from San Diego County.
Some definitions for the IE consist of the Chino Valley, Coachella Valley, Cucamonga Valley, Menifee Valley, Murrieta Valley, Perris V
Waterfront Red Car
The Port of Los Angeles Waterfront Red Car Line is a non-operational 1.5-mile heritage streetcar line for public transit along the waterfront in San Pedro, at the Port of Los Angeles in Los Angeles, California. It opened for service with a construction cost of $10 million. Service ended on September 27, 2015 due to major construction projects that would result in the demolition of a portion of the route. In March 2016 development plans for the port were announced which would include resumption of service on the Waterfront Red Car Line; the line used replica Pacific Electric Red Cars. The route ran south over a former Pacific Electric Railway right-of-way from the World Cruise Center cruise ship terminal under the Vincent Thomas Bridge to the intersection of 22nd Street and Miner Street, with intermediate stops at Downtown San Pedro, the Maritime Museum, the Ports O' Call Village; the service operated three days a week with occasional service on other weekdays depending on passenger ship landings.
The Pacific Electric Railway Red Car system operated for over 60 years, with more than 1,000 miles of tramway routes throughout Greater Los Angeles and the surrounding cities and counties. Before the line closed, the Waterfront Red Cars comprised three tram cars in the style of the originals. Two of the three Red Cars—the replica cars, numbers 500 and 501 — were built from scratch by employees of the port of Los Angeles; the third car, No. #1058, was a vintage Pacific Electric 950-class car, having been assembled from two wrecked 950-class cars by Richard J. Fellows, restored for parades and the like, cleverly converted to be steered with the original throttle as a tiller and braked by the original brake handle; the Port of Los Angeles bought the car and converted it back for rail operation as a charter service. The Waterfront Red Cars were supplemented by two shuttle bus lines; the Blue line serves downtown San Pedro and Ports O' Call village, whereas the Green line serves the harbor and marina.
The replica cars will be reused again when the line reopens, but they must be modified to run on light rail tracks. Whether the original car will be brought back to service is unknown, though it will most be retired. Future extensions to Cabrillo Beach, Harbor Park, the new cruise ship terminal at Berth 46, Pacific Avenue, Warehouse 1 were under consideration. In April 2010, a new feasibility report was released, with the first priority to switch much of the existing line to street-running tramway track on Sampson Way. In 2015 it was announced the Waterfront Red Car Line would be closed for 18 months, with service ceasing in late September 2015, to make way for the realignment of Sampson Way leading into Ports O’ Call Village; because the street realignment cuts through the southern part of the line, it would require a new track and modified, street-level cars running parallel to the new Sampson Way, estimated to cost $40 million. Port officials concluded that such reconstruction would be cost prohibitive.
Waterfront Red Car Line service ended on September 27, 2015. However development plans for San Pedro's Ports O' Call were announced in March 2016 that included the resumption of Waterfront Red Car service. List of heritage railroads in California Heritage streetcar systems Port of Los Angeles Public transportation in Los Angeles County, California Port of Los Angeles.org: Official Waterfront Red Car Line website
Riverside Transit Agency
The Riverside Transit Agency is the main transit agency for western Riverside County, United States. RTA provides both local and regional services throughout the region with 34 fixed-routes, eight CommuterLink routes, Dial-A-Ride services using 289 vehicles. In the cities of Corona and Banning, RTA coordinates regional services with municipal transit systems. In Riverside, RTA coordinates with the city's Riverside Special Services, which provides ADA complementary service to RTA's fixed-route services. RTA was established as a joint powers agency on August 15, 1975 and began operating bus service on March 16, 1977. RTA experienced record ridership in Fiscal Year 2014 with over 9.5 million boardings. RTA is governed by a board of directors composed of 22 elected officials from 18 cities in western Riverside County and four members of the County Board of Supervisors; the member jurisdictions include the cities of Beaumont, Hemet, Lake Elsinore, Moreno Valley, Murrieta, Perris, San Jacinto, Temecula and the unincorporated areas of Riverside County Supervisorial Districts I, II, III and V. RTA’s service consists of 34 local fixed routes and 8 commuter express routes.
The fixed-route service includes tourist trolleys. The agency provides dial-a-ride service in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act. In 2003, RTA launched CommuterLink, its first bus service designed to serve Riverside County’s growing number of commuters; the specially designed express buses have limited stop service to major transit centers and Metrolink stations in Riverside county. In 2005, RTA debuted free Wi-Fi Internet service aboard its Temecula-Riverside CommuterLink Route 202, making the agency among the first in Southern California to offer such amenities aboard public buses. By the end of 2016, Wi-fi will be offered on all of the agency's fixed-route buses. RTA plans on implementing a limited-stop system called RapidLink along Magnolia Avenue, from Riverside to Corona paralleling the existing Route 1 with limited stops and traffic-signal priority; the project as proposed would resemble LACMTA's Metro Rapid lines, with buses traveling in mixed traffic rather than a dedicated lane.
Dubbed the Gold Line, the service is expected to begin operating in 2017. In September 2006, RTA partnered with the University of California, Riverside to provide their students with an all-access bus pass. UC Riverside students get free rides on all fixed-route and CommuterLink buses by swiping their valid university identification cards through any RTA bus farebox when they board; the program, called U-Pass, is designed to help ease traffic congestion around campus, reduce parking problems and encourage ride-sharing. Additionally, RTA operates a trolley service called the Crest Cruiser, free to UCR students and travels around the university to off-campus housing and retail outlets. Students of La Sierra University have benefited from U-Pass since January 2009, California Baptist University joined the program in August 2009; as of August 21, 2008, RTA has partnered with Riverside Community College District to provide the same free transit services to students at the Riverside City and Moreno Valley college campuses.
The program, called Go Pass, requires that students swipe their valid RCCD ID cards through the bus farebox when boarding. As of August 2014, the Go-Pass has logged more than 4.5 million RCCD student rides. In August 2010, RTA expanded the reach of its Go-Pass program by partnering with the Mt. San Jacinto College District. Students at the Banning and San Jacinto campuses who pay their student fees are allowed unlimited riders on all fixed-route and CommuterLink buses with the swipe of their ID card. City of Riverside employees ride free under the CityPass program, initiated in the summer of 2007. Under an agreement with the Riverside County Courts, anyone serving as a juror at the Riverside and Murrieta Courthouses is entitled to free travel on any RTA bus; the City of Riverside, using funding from the South Coast Air Quality Management District, began offering discounted bus passes to all residents of the city in December 2009. This program, called Riverside Go Transit, provides a 30% discount on monthly passes.
Any person who meets RTA active duty military, police or fire personnel requirements rides free on RTA fixed-route buses. Active duty military personnel must wear the appropriate uniform at the time of boarding or present to the driver a valid U. S. Uniformed Services ID card indicating active service or a Common Access card indicating uniformed services or active duty. Police and fire personnel must be in full uniform at the time of boarding. Customers must wear the appropriate uniform or show appropriate ID each time they board a bus to receive the discounted fare. RTA maintains several transit centers throughout their service area; the primary transit center, the Riverside Downtown Terminal, is located between University and Mission Inn Avenues just west of Market Street in downtown Riverside. It is located adjacent to the Riverside Greyhound station; the Downtown Perris station, located between 1st and 2nd Streets east of C Street in Perris, opened on January 10, 2010, with 6 bus bays and a park-and-ride lot.
The center is a station for weekend excursion trains from the Orange Empire Railway Museum, is a station on Metrolink's Perris Valley Line. The Corona Transit Center opened in September 2010, adjacent to the North Main Corona Metrolink station; the center has 8 bus bays, additional park-and-ride parkin