SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Passenger vehicles in the United States

Note: this article adopts the U. S. Department of Transportation's definition of a passenger vehicle, to mean a car or truck, used for passengers, excluding buses and trains. Since 2009 the United States is home to the second largest passenger vehicle market of any country in the world, second to China. Overall, there were an estimated 263.6 million registered vehicles in the United States in 2015, most of which were passenger vehicles. This number, along with the average age of vehicles, has increased since 1960; the United States is home to three large vehicle manufacturers: General Motors, Ford Motor Company, Chrysler, which have been referred to as the "Big Three". The United States Department of Transportation's Federal Highway Administration as well as the National Automobile Dealers Association have published data in regard to the total number of vehicles, growth trends, ratios between licensed drivers, the general population, the increasing number of vehicles on American roads. Overall passenger vehicles have been outnumbering licensed drivers since 1972 at an ever-increasing rate, while light trucks and vehicles manufactured by foreign makes have gained a larger share of the automotive market in the United States.

In 2001, 70% of Americans drove to work in cars. New York City is the only locality in the country where more than half of all households do not own a car. There are two types of sources for vehicle registration data, known as Vehicles in Operation: governmental sources such as the Bureau of Transportation Statistics and Federal Highway Administration, commercial, for-profit companies such as IHS and Hedges & Company. According to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics for 2012, there were 254,639,386 registered vehicles. Of these, 183,171,882 were classified as "Light duty vehicle, short wheel base", while another 50,588,676 were listed as "Light duty vehicle, long wheel base". Another 8,190,286 were classified as vehicles with two axles and six or more tires and 2,469,094 were classified as "Truck, combination". There were 8,454,939 motorcycles listed along with 764,509 buses. According to cumulative data by the Federal Highway Administration the number of motor vehicles increased from 1960 to 2006, only stagnating once in 1997 and declining from 1990 to 1991.

Otherwise the number of motor vehicles during that period rose by an estimated 3.69 million each year since 1960 with the largest annual growth between 1998 and 1999 as well as between 2000 and 2001 when the number of motor vehicles in the United States increased by eight million. Since the study by the FHWA, the number of vehicles has increased by eleven million, one of the largest recorded increases; the largest percentage increase was between the years of 1972 and 1973 when the number of cars increased by 5.88%. There are three main reasons; the first is due to variation. States are required to report registrations using form FHWA-561 once per calendar year or fiscal year. Forty six states end four end in March, August or September; this data is due to the FHWA by January 1 of the following year, creating a lag time of about six months and thereby not accounting for half a year of changes. Second, the government's definitions of vehicle classifications change over time. A footnote added to FHWA datafiles states, "...

Data for 2007-10 were calculated using a new methodology developed by FHWA. Data for these years are based on new categories and are not comparable to previous years". Third, the government can include vehicles not in use, or double-count vehicles that have been transferred across two states. According to the FHWA Office of Highway Policy Information, "Although many States continue to register specific vehicle types on a calendar year basis, all States use some form of the "staggered" system to register motor vehicles. Registration practices for commercial vehicles differ among States; the FHWA data include all vehicles which have been registered at any time throughout the calendar year. Data include vehicles which were retired during the year and vehicles that were registered in more than one State. In some States, it is possible that contrary to the FHWA reporting instructions, vehicles which have been registered twice in the same State may be reported as two vehicles". In the year 2001, the National Automobile Dealers Association conducted a study revealing the average age of vehicles in operation in the US.

The study found that of vehicles in operation in the US, 38.3% were older than ten years, 22.3% were between seven and ten years old, 25.8% were between three and six years old, 13.5% were less than two years old. According to this study the majority of vehicles, 60.6%, of vehicles were older than seven years in 2001. This high age of automobiles in the US might be explained by unaffordable prices for comparable new replacement vehicles and a corresponding gradual decline in sales figures since 1998. Many Americans own three or more vehicles; the low marginal cost of registering and insuring additional older vehicles, many of which are used, could cause the study to be skewed as these vehicles are still given full weight in the statistics. The median and mean age of automobiles has increased since 1969. In 2007, the overall median age for automobiles was 9.4 years, a significant increase over 1990 when the median age of vehicles in operation in the US was 6.5 years and 1969 when the mean age for automobiles was 5.1 years.

Of all body styles, pick-up trucks had the highest mean age in 2001 (9.4 year

Canadian Immigrant Investor Program

The Canadian Immigrant Investor Program was created by the federal government of Canada to promote the immigration of business people and their families. It enabled qualified investors to obtain permanent resident status in Canada. Under the program, successful applicants and their families received permanent and unconditional Canadian residential visas and were eligible to obtain Canadian citizenship. With the passing of Bill C-31 on June 19, 2014, the program was terminated and undecided applications were cancelled; the Canadian Immigrant Investor Program was one of the most popular investor immigration programs in the world, but its requirements weren't changed since its inception and it had become one of the least expensive ones. As of June 26, 2010, the qualification requirements were doubled and the program was suspended while the new changes came into effect; the new updated program was reopened on December 1, 2010. At the time of termination, qualified investors needed to have at least two years of business management experience.

The closest alternative to the Canadian Immigrant Investor Program today would be immigrating through the Owner Operator LMIA pathway, a 2 staged process. The federal program has been eliminated. Many of the now-rejected applicants are banding together with the aim of taking legal action. 65,000 applicants were left hanging when the government announced it was axing the program

Mohammad Hanif (mayor)

Mohammad Hanif was a Bangladeshi politician who served as Mayor of Dhaka City Corporation from 1994 until 2002. Hanif started his political career, he was an elected parliament member from Dhaka-12 constituency in 1973 and served as a whip of the National Parliament. He served as the president of Dhaka City Awami League. Hanif was elected the mayor of Dhaka City Corporation on 12 March 1994, the first elected mayor of Dhaka City corporation; the election was held under the Dhaka city act of 1993. As mayor he tried to increase the power of the city corporation, he asked to have the management of Dhaka Metropolitan police, Dhaka electricity supply company and other utilities companies transferred to Dhaka City Corporation from the national government. A move that drew opposition from the national government. On 15 February 1996 the Bangladesh Nationalist Party led by Khaleda Zia held national elections which were boycotted by all major parties; the voter turnout was 21% with Bangladesh Nationalist Party winning all the parliamentary seats.

He set up Janatar Mancha demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Khaleda Zia in front of Bangladesh National Press Club. He played a vital role in the protests that forced the government to hold elections, which the Bangladesh Awami League won. Hanif suffered splinter injuries during the 2004 Dhaka grenade attack on a Bangladesh Awami League rally on Bangabandhu Avenue in Dhaka. Hanif was taken to Bumrungrad Hospital in Bangkok on February 10, 2006 and returned on August 25 after a six-month treatment. On 28 November 2006, he died at Apollo Hospital due to multiple organ failures; the largest flyover in Bangladesh, located in Dhaka, Mayor Mohammad Hanif Flyover, is named after him