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Passing out (military)

Passing out is the completion of a course by military or other service personnel or the graduation from a college. Soldiers sometimes take part in a passing out parade upon completion of a basic training course; the military parade during the passing out consists of military bands and other displays of synchronization discipline such as acrobatics. The parade may be referred to as a'Marching out' parade as it is at the Army Recruit Training Centre at Kapooka in Australia, it is known as "Pass off" parade as in the case of the Royal Army Physical Training Corps and Passing out "Ceremony" in the case of Warsash Maritime Academy. It is known as "Sovereign's Parade" at Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. At West Point it is known as a "graduation ceremony". Since 1964 Fire and Rescue NSW conducts a passing out parade on course completion. A "reviewing officer" a senior officer, reviews the parade and hands out medals to cadets who have excelled. Militaries around the world allow civilian guests including parents, to attend the passing out parade.

Dignitaries may be present as was the case at Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in 2010 when the British Prime Minister David Cameron was present to witness the event. Other dignitaries at the event included relatives of graduating cadets such the President of Yemen and the Prime Minister of Bahrain; the chief guest at the military passing out parade of Napuka Secondary School, Cakaudrove, in August 2019 was the senior most female officer of the military forces of the Republic of Fiji. In 2019, Vice President Mike Pence spoke at the graduation ceremony at the United States Military Academy. In 2019, the reviewing officer for the 136th Passing out Parade at the Indian Military Academy was Lieutenant General Cherish Mathson. Having such senior officers present is a morale booster for the cadets. During the passing out parade, a dignitary may make a speech, as was the case during the passing out parade in IMA in 2007, when Prime Minister Manmohan Singh addressed the cadets and guests; the passing out at Sandhurst, known as the Sovereign's Parade, is conducted three times a year.

One of the main ceremonies during the parade is Trooping the Colour. Various awards and honours are presented to cadets; this includes the Overseas Sword and the MacRobert Sword. The passing out can consist of traditions such as presentation of a "Sword of Honour" as in the case of Sandhurst and Indian and Pakistan military academies. In 2010 for the first time in the history of the Officers Training Academy, India, a female cadet, Divya Ajith Kumar, was presented the sword of honour. Another tradition that happens during the passing out is the "Shipping-of-Stripes" as in the case of the Indian Naval Academy. During this ceremony, senior officers and the relatives of the passing out cadets ship the epaulettes on the uniform; this represents the graduation of the cadets into officers. A common song, played during the passing out in Commonwealth countries, is Auld Lang Syne, a Robert Burns poem; the military parade during the passing out consists of military bands. At the Indian Military Academy, before the cadets begin the passing out parade ceremony, the band plays a melody, allowing the cadets to pray to their respective god.

The first recorded hat toss in United States was in 1946 at West Point. After the hat toss, children are allowed to take one hat each. Cadets fill the hats with notes and money for the children. At some places such as the Indian Military Academy flinging-of-cap has been stopped; the tradition of cap-flinging during the passing out parade has a long past, the tradition starting well before India's Independence from British rule. It was stopped in 2010. Other traditions include the adjutant leading the parade to crack a joke to lighten the atmosphere, as in the case of the Indian Military Academy passing out parade. At the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, the parade finale includes the adjutant riding up the steps of the Old College. At the Indian Military Academy, the finale is the antim path, where cadets take the last step into Chetwode Hall; the passing out parade is depicted in the 1980s book "The Passing-out Parade: A Play" by British writer Anne Valery. In the 2004 Bollywood movie Lakshya, Hritik Roshan on completion of his course at the Indian Military Academy, takes part in a Passing out Parade

David Hookes

David William Hookes was a South Australian and Australian cricketer and coach of the Victorian cricket team. An aggressive left-handed batsman, Hookes batted in the middle order, his international career got off to a sensational start in the Centenary Test at Melbourne in 1977 when he hit England captain Tony Greig for five consecutive boundaries, but a combination of circumstances ensured that he never became a regular in the Australian team. He wrote in his autobiography, "I suspect history will judge me harshly as a batsman because of my modest record in 23 Tests and I can't complain about that". For many years, he was a leading figure in Australian domestic cricket, most notably in his role as captain of South Australia. Wisden called him "a first-class destroyer of second-rate bowling". Angered by Victorian captain Graham Yallop's late declaration in a Sheffield Shield match at the Adelaide Oval in October 1982, who batted at number 3 or 4, promoted himself to opening batsman and proceeded to score a century from 34 balls in just 43 minutes, at the time the fastest century scored in first-class cricket.

He finished his career as the highest run-scorer in Sheffield Shield history. An outspoken man who had several brushes with the game's officials, Hookes retired at the end of the 1991–92 season and pursued his media career, he moved to Melbourne in 1995 and broadcast on Radio 3AW. His popularity among players and his reputation for strong leadership led to his appointment as coach of the Victorian team in 2002; the team enjoyed success under his tutelage, but he died after being punched by a hotel bouncer outside a pub where he had been drinking with Victorian players following their victory in a match earlier in the day. Hookes played for the West Torrens Cricket Club and made his A-Grade debut at the age of just 15; when he came in to bat he faced Adelaide Cricket Club bowler and local Australian rules football and media personality Ken "KG" Cunningham. KG said in a Channel 9 tribute to Hookes that after the first two balls went past the edge of the bat, he walked down the wicket and attempted to upset the youngster in his first game and "gave him a huge spray".

Hookes sent the next four balls to the fence and after the over walked up to Cunningham and said: "Listen old man, if you continue to bowl those wobbly little inswingers the next four will go over the fence and not into the fence." In years KG became one of Hookes's close friends and on Adelaide television and radio one of his strongest supporters after his move to Melbourne to become coach of the Victorian state side. David Hookes made his first-class debut in 1975–76 for South Australia. A rush of form in February 1977, when he scored five centuries from six innings in 17 days, led to his selection for the Centenary Test in March, 1977, at the age of 21. During Australia's second innings of the match, Hookes made 56, hit Tony Greig for five consecutive boundaries. Soon after, he signed a contract with World Series Cricket and toured England. Playing all five Tests, Hookes compiled 283 runs at 31.44, with scores of 85 at The Oval and 50 at Lord's. Hookes was one of the key personalities marketed by the breakaway WSC organisation.

In a "Supertest" at the Sydney Showground in 1977, a bouncer from Andy Roberts broke his jaw, his confidence never recovered from the injury. He was the third-best performed Australian batsman behind Ian and Greg Chappell with 770 runs in 12 "Supertests" played during the 1977–78 and 1978–79 seasons, his future in the Australian team following the rapprochement between WSC and official cricket seemed assured. However, Hookes managed two ODIs when injury curtailed his 1979 -- 80 season. Returned to fitness, he toured Pakistan in 1980, but made a pair in the first Test at Karachi, dismissed twice by spin bowler Iqbal Qasim, his play against slow bowling had not developed and he was vulnerable to the well-flighted delivery as his footwork was non-existent. Dropped from the Australian team, his form failed to improve in the following Australian season, he lost his place in the South Australia team as well; the SACA took a gamble by appointing Hookes as South Australia captain at the start of the 1981–82 season.

He led the state to the Sheffield Shield. Improved confidence and form led to his reinstatement in the Australian team for the 1982–83 Ashes series, he batted for 344 runs at 49.14 average with a best score of 68 in the fourth Test at Melbourne. Continuing his good form on the following tour of Sri Lanka, Hookes scored 143 off 152 balls in the first Test between the nations. Hookes's performances were more subdued during the 1983 World Cup in England. Australia played poorly in the tournament; when the team returned home, Hookes criticised Kim Hughes. This earned him a fine and he was dropped from the 1983–84 Test series against Pakistan, he returned for five Tests in the West Indies during the 1984 tour and passed 20 in seven of his ten innings, yet made only one half-century, 51 at Antigua in the fourth Test. Frustrated by Hookes's failure to turn regular starts into big scores, the Australian selectors ignored him for the next 18 months, he was not selected for the 1985 tour of England, although there had been an exodus of Australian players on a rebel tour of South Africa.

His last international appearances were in 1985–86, when he played two Tests against both New Zealand and India, two ODIs in the World Series Cup. Thereafter, Australia pursued a selection policy of giving prolonged opportunities to younger players and passing over older players with inconsistent records. Despite his failure to live up to expectati

2012 USL W-League season

The 2012 W-League season was the 18th season of the league's existence, 9th season of second division women's soccer in the United States. The regular season started on May 11 and ended on July 15. One team changed their name in the off-season: Three teams were added for the season: No teams either folded or left following the 2011 season: As of 7/15/2012 Orange indicates Host Team for W-League ChampionshipPurple indicates division title clinchedGreen indicates playoff berth clinched Note: Ottawa Fury hosts the W-League Championship and gains an automatic berth in the National Semi-Finals. Most Valuable Player: Grace Hawkins, Rookie of the Year: Lynn Williams, Defender of the Year: Cindy Walsh, Coach of the Year: Charlie Naimo, Goalkeeper of the Year: Anna Maria Picarelli, F: Kristin Burton, Grace Hawkins *, Mikaela Howell M: Yael Averbuch *, Ashley Clarke, Hayley Siegel D: Marisa Abegg, Vaila Barsley *, Sabbath McKiernan-Allen, Tabitha Padgett G: Robyn Jones F: Nkemjika Ezurike Nathalie, Kinley McNicoll, Imen Trodi *M: Catherine Charron-Delage, Katrina-Lee Gorry, Lisa-Marie Woods D: Alyscha Motterhead, Haillie Price, Cindy Walsh *, Kathryn Williamson G: Jasmine Phillips F: Edite Fernandes, Jenna Richardson, Lynn Williams *M: Brittany Bock, Sarah Huffman *, Veronica Perez *D: Sasha Andrews *, Stephanie Cox *, Michelle Pao, Brooke Spence G: Anna Maria Picarelli * * denotes All-League player

José María Iglesias

José María Iglesias Inzáurraga was a Mexican lawyer, professor and liberal politician. He is known as author of the Iglesias law, an anticlerical law regulating ecclesiastical fees and aimed at preventing the impoverishment of the Mexican peasantry. From October 31, 1876 to January 23, 1877, he claimed the interim presidency of Mexico. However, he was never undisputed president. José María Iglesias was born into a wealthy family in Mexico City, but when he was 12 his father died. Five years his mother died, his maternal uncle Manuel Inzáurraga took responsibility for his education. He studied for the law Colegio Gregoriano in Mexico City, graduating with good marks, was admitted to the bar in 1844, he became a professor of jurisprudence at the College of San Gregorio. He collaborated on a newspaper opposed to the regime of Antonio López de Santa Anna, he became a city councilman in Mexico City in 1846, after the U. S. invasion of that year, he was named to the Supreme Military Tribunal. At the end of the war, he took an important position in the Treasury Department in the government of Mariano Arista.

In 1852, Iglesias was elected to Congress, where he became known for his eloquence and his knowledge of constitutional law. In 1856, he was named chief clerk of the Treasury Department under President Ignacio Comonfort and secretary of justice. In the latter position, he was responsible for drafting the law that barred the Church from holding landed property. From May until September 1857, he was secretary of the treasury. On 16 September 1857, he was elected, by popular vote, judge of the supreme court. Throughout the War of the Reform, he was a strong defender of the Liberal cause in the press. With the fall of Puebla to the French on May 17, 1863, President Benito Juárez was forced to abandon Mexico City. Iglesias, a Liberal and a constitutionalist, accompanied him. In September, Juárez named him secretary of justice, a position he continued to hold until the Republican government returned to the capital in 1867 after the expulsion of Emperor Maximilian. During this period, he accompanied Juárez and the rest of the Republican government as they moved from place to place to avoid capture by the Imperialists.

Part of this time, he was secretary of the treasury. After the return to Mexico City, Iglesias was again elected to Congress. In 1867, he became president of the Chamber of Deputies. From September 1868 until October 1869, he was secretary of the interior. Thereafter, he was secretary of justice again. In 1871, he retired to private life for reasons of health, he returned to public service the next year, in July 1873 he was elected president of the Supreme Court. When Congress declared President Lerdo re-elected on September 26, 1876, Iglesias, in his judicial capacity, declared the election illegal because of fraud and the constitutional succession interrupted. In the absence of a constitutional president, the constitution specified that executive power should be exercised by the president of the Supreme Court, as such, Iglesias claimed the presidency. At the same time, General Porfirio Díaz rose against Lerdo; some of Iglesias's supporters were arrested by Lerdo de Tejada, Iglesias was forced to flee the capital.

He went to Guanajuato, where he was recognized as president of the Republic by Governor Florencio Antillón, General García de la Cadena, the military commander of Jalisco, General Ceballos. In Salamanca, he issued a manifesto announcing his assumption of the government, he named a cabinet. By December, the states of Guanajuato, Querétaro, Aguascalientes and San Luis Potosí had recognized him as president. Meanwhile, Lerdo de Tejada was forced to abandon the capital after losing the Battle of Tecoac to General Porfirio Díaz. Díaz and Iglesias began negotiations, but when these broke down over the latter's refusal to recognize the Plan de Tuxtepec, Díaz marched against him. Iglesias fled to Guadalajara, where he installed his government on January 2, 1877, his forces under Antillón were defeated at Los Adobes, he fled with his cabinet and General Ceballos to Manzanillo, Colima. On January 16, he sailed for the United States. In New York, he wrote a defense of his claims, he returned to Mexico in 1878 without problems.

He was offered several important positions by the government. He was editor-in-chief of various journals, published Apuntes para la historia de la guerra entre Méjico y los Estados Unidos, Revistas Históricas sobre la Intervención Francesa, his autobiography was published in 1893. He died in Tacubaya, Mexico City on December 17, 1891. In 1987 President Miguel de la Madrid ordered that Iglesias' remains be transferred to the Rotonda de las Personas Ilustres. List of Presidents of Mexico García Puron, Manuel, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrúa, 1984. Orozco Linares, Gobernantes de México. Mexico City: Panorama Editorial, 1985, ISBN 968-38-0260-5. Short biography

Ellen MacKinnon

Ellen MacKinnon was a politician in Ontario, Canada. She was a New Democratic member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the southwest Ontario riding of Lambton from 1990 to 1995. MacKinnon was born near Ontario to a farming family. Due to the depression she was forced to quit school after Grade 8, she worked as waitress, house servant and in a factory during World War II. She was married near the end of the war and she moved to a farm in Lambton County, she raised seven children, two daughters and five sons while tending the farm while her husband was away working for a Sarnia oil company. Her husband died in 1980, she was a county councillor for the township of Plympton from 1977 to 1979 and served as a school trustee on the Lambton County public school board from 1988 to 1990. MacKinnon ran as the New Democratic candidate in the provincial election of 1990 in the south-western Ontario riding of Lambton. During the campaign, MacKinnon spoke out against shipping Toronto area garbage to the Sarnia region.

She said, "No garbage. Not here. Not now. Not ever." MacKinnon learned that many voters appreciated her simple answer to a complex issue. She defeated Progressive Conservative candidate Bob Langstaff by 1,024 votes; the incumbent Liberal David Smith placed third. MacKinnon was the oldest member of the NDP caucus; when she arrived at Queen's Park after the election she was awe-struck by the experience. She said, "I'm wondering what I'll do for an apartment, what you do for furniture and how many clothes do I bring here, how many do I leave at home." The NDP won a majority government in this election and she served as a backbench supporter of Bob Rae's administration for the next five years. In 1992, she suffered a tragic loss. In 1994, she voted for the party's bill on benefits for same-sex couples despite receiving death threats. Someone parked a wagon near her constituency office in Petrolia, Ontario with a sign on it that read, "Hey Ellen, it's Adam and Eve, not Adam and Steve." MacKinnon said, "I think that it's a very poor reflection on beautiful community."

The bill was defeated 68-59 on a free vote. Due to health reasons, she did not seek re-election in 1995. MacKinnon died February 12, 2001. On April 23 of that year, the Ontario legislature paid her an official tribute. NDP leader Howard Hampton spoke about her and quoted William Irvine: "I will not acquiesce to that which is. If it must be, I meet it with rebellion. With passion and life destroyed, my soul shall stand upon the wreck and challenge all." Hampton said, "I think that describes Ellen MacKinnon to a T." Ontario Legislative Assembly parliamentary history

FNZ (company)

FNZ is a financial technology company specialising in providing investment platforms to major financial institutions in the financial services and wealth management sectors. They are based in Edinburgh and were founded in New Zealand. In 2018 they were valued at 2 billion pounds. FNZ has delivered investment platform solutions to financial companies in the UK, Hong Kong and New Zealand. FNZ was founded as a start-up business in 2004 in New Zealand. Created as a business unit within the New Zealand branch of investment bank Credit Suisse, FNZ secured the majority of large institutional providers of investment platforms in NZ; this was followed by the expansion of operations to the UK in 2005, a management buyout of the First NZ Capital Group in January 2009 for a price of $34 million, backed by private equity firm H. I. G. Capital. In 2012, FNZ moved its corporate headquarters to Edinburgh and global growth equity firm General Atlantic acquired a minority share. For the 2011 financial year FNZ reported pre-tax profits of £20.7 million, with revenues of £56 million.

By April 2013 it had over £35 billion of assets held on its investment platform systems on behalf of its institutional customers in the UK, Australia and New Zealand. It employs around 1,000 technology and investment operations specialists across Europe and Australasia in Edinburgh, Brno and Wellington. Adrian Durham and Nick Sherry are Group CEO and Chairman of Australia and New Zealand and Lord Leitch was appointed Group Chairman of FNZ in June 2013. In October 2018, CDPQ and Generation Investment Management agreed to purchase the two-thirds ownership of FNZ from HIG Capital and General Atlantic in a deal valuing FNZ at £1.6 billion. In July 2019, the company entered into a binding agreement to acquire Brisbane, Australia based listed financial services technology firm GBST. FNZ provides technology to life insurance companies, asset managers and discretionary wealth managers to deliver wealth management services in the three main distribution channels: independent financial advisers, direct customers and the workplace.

They provide end-to-end technology, including investment front office, tax wrappers and investment back office under a software as a service delivery model. This technology is combined with back office dealing and administration services as either sub-custodian or third party administrator. FNZ's existing customers include: Vanguard Standard Life J. P. Morgan Asset Management Aviva Lloyds Bank Zurich Insurance Group AXA Wealth HSBC Barclays Santander UBS National Australia Bank Bank of New Zealand ANZ Bank New Zealand AMP Limited