click links in text for more info

Lenny Randle

Leonard Shenoff Randle is a former Major League Baseball player. He was the first-round pick of the Washington Senators in the secondary phase of the June 1970 Major League Baseball draft, tenth overall. Born in Long Beach, Randle was captain of both the baseball and football teams at Centennial High School in Los Angeles, he was drafted by the St. Louis Cardinals in the 1967 Major League Baseball draft, but chose instead to attend Arizona State University. Along with playing football and second base for the 1969 NCAA championship Arizona State University Sun Devils baseball team, Randle graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree. After a little more than one season in the minors, Randle debuted as a second baseman with the Washington Senators in 1971, he split time between the minors and with the newly renamed and relocated Texas Rangers his first three season, spending most of 1973 in triple A with the Spokane Indians. He had a breakthrough 1974 season, when he batted.302 with 26 stolen bases and 65 runs scored splitting time at second base, third base and in the outfield.

He split time in all three positions in 1975 as well before being returned to second base in 1976. During Spring training 1977, first round draft choice Bump Wills earned the starting second base job. On March 28, the Rangers were in Florida for an exhibition game with the Minnesota Twins. An hour before the first pitch, Randle walked up to Rangers manager Frank Lucchesi during batting practice and said he wanted to talk to him. Words were exchanged, Randle punched Lucchesi, still in street clothes, in the face three times, it was reported that Frank Lucchesi took a left and another left to the face before the altercation was stopped by bystanders. Lucchesi was hospitalized for a week, needing plastic surgery to repair his fractured cheekbone which Randle had broken in three places, he received bruises to his kidney and back. The Rangers suspended Randle for 30 days without pay and fined him $10,000. On April 26, before the suspension was complete, Texas traded him to the New York Mets for cash and a player to be named, to be Rick Auerbach.

Randle was charged with assault, would plead no contest to battery charges in a Florida court, getting slapped with a $1,050 fine. The Texas Rangers fired Lucchesi on June 21. Lucchesi blamed Randle for the firing, sued him for $200,000. Randle began his tenure with the Mets playing second base. With opening day third baseman Roy Staiger batting only.236 with one home run and eight runs batted in, Randle was shifted to third base by Joe Torre when he replaced Joe Frazier as manager of the team. Randle ended an extra innings marathon with the Montreal Expos on July 9 at Shea Stadium in the seventeenth inning with a walk off home run off Will McEnaney. Four days he was at bat for the Mets when the power went out at Shea Stadium during the New York City blackout of 1977. For the season, Randle stole 33 bases and scored 78 runs for the last place Mets, his stats fell off in 1978, when he batted.233 with fourteen stolen bases and 53 runs. The Mets released Randle during Spring training 1979. Shortly afterwards, he signed with the San Francisco Giants and was assigned to their triple A Pacific Coast League affiliate in Phoenix.

On June 28, he was traded with Bill Madlock and Dave Roberts to the Pittsburgh Pirates for Fred Breining, Al Holland and Ed Whitson, but again was assigned to their triple A affiliate. After 24 games with the Portland Beavers, he saw his first major league experience of the season when his contract was purchased by the New York Yankees, he batted.179 in twenty games as an outfielder with the Yankees. Randle signed with the Seattle Mariners during Spring training 1980. By the end of Spring training, he was dealt to the Chicago Cubs, he enjoyed something of a renaissance with the Cubs, batting.276 and tying his career high five home runs as the Cubs' regular third baseman. Following the season, he returned to the M's as a free agent. In two seasons with the Mariners, he batted.223 with four home runs backing up second and third base. With the Kansas City Royals visiting the Seattle Kingdome on May 27, 1981, Royals centerfielder Amos Otis hit a slow roller down the third base line in the sixth inning.

Randle got on his hands and knees and blew the ball foul. The Royals protested the game. Afterwards, Randle said, he jokingly said, "They won the game, we won the protest." In a 12-year, 1138 game major league career, Randle batted.257 with 27 home runs, 488 runs scored and 322 RBI. In 1983, he became the first American major league player to play baseball in Italy, he holds the record for the longest home run in the Italian Serie-A1 league, most home runs and singles hit in a three-game series and the most hits in a three-game series. He won a batting title in Italy with a.477 batting average. Following his stint in Italy, he played with the St. Petersburg Pelicans in the Senior Professional Baseball Association, he signed a minor league contract with the California Angels during Spring training 1995, but was unsuccessful in his comeback bid. List of Major League Baseball career stolen bases leaders Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet, or Baseball Almanac, or Ultimate Mets Database, or Baseball Gauge, or Pura Pelota: VPBL batting statistics

LOT Polish Airlines Flight 165

LOT Polish Airlines Flight LO 165 crashed 2 April 1969 at 16:08 local time while en route from Warsaw to Krakow Balice airport during a snowstorm. It crashed on the northern slope of Polica near Zawoja in southern Poland, hitting the mountain at an altitude of 1,200 metres; the plane was an Antonov An-24 aircraft, with registration SP-LTF. All 53 people on board were killed. There were three Americans and one London resident among the passengers, all others being Polish citizens; the official accident report, published in 1970, blamed the pilot for getting lost. No reasons were given why the aircraft, just before the crash, was flying at such a low altitude some 50 kilometres past its intended destination. Information given below comes from two newspaper articles published in 1994, with a summary written by a third party available on-line; the journalist wrote that 25 years after the accident, most of the documentation remained classified, so his main sources were interviews with participants in the rescue action and some members of the accident investigation commission who asked for anonymity.

The aircraft took off at 15:20 local time for a 55-minute flight to Krakow's Balice airport. The captain was Czesław Doliński. At 15.49, the first officer received a routine instruction: after passing Jędrzejów, less than 80 km north of the destination, descend to 1,500 metres and get in touch with the Balice control tower. At that time, a military radar registered the aircraft at an altitude of 4,000 metres; the pilots informed Okęcie and Balice about time, when the plane passed Jędrzejów VOR, but given three circumscription: 15.52, 15.55 for Okęcie and 15.49 for Balice. The pilots informed Balice about the time they passed the next VOR – 15.53. Shortly before 16:00, the captain called Balice, gave his altitude as 3,700 metres, got the local weather report and was instructed to descend to 1,200 metres. At 16:01, the aircraft was at descending. In the next eight minutes, a series of radio exchanges took place between the aircraft and the Balice radar operator, with the captain asking for the fix and reporting problems with the beacon signal, the operator asking for the aircraft's position and altitude to help him find the aircraft on the radar screen.

At 16:05, the aircraft was near some 50 km past the destination, at 1,200 metres. The last message was, "Left turn to further..." – at 16:08.17. Seconds after that, radio contact was lost. For today, the official death toll of 53 killed. LOT manifest included 53 passengers and 5 crew members, but two days after the crash Polish press agencies published 46 surnames. List of Poland disasters by death toll LOT Polish Airlines Flight 007 LOT Polish Airlines Flight 5055 LOT Polish Airlines Flight 703 Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network

Kayı (tribe)

The Kayı or Kai tribe were an Oghuz Turkic people and a sub-branch of the Bozok tribal federation. In the 11th century Mahmud al-Kashgari cited Kayı; the word kayı means "the one who has might and power by relationship". In his history work Shajare-i Tarakime, the khan of the Khanate of Khiva and historian Abu al-Ghazi Bahadur mentions Kayi among 24 Oghuz turkish tribes, direct decsendants of Oghuz-khan, the ancient progenitor of the Oghuz people, the name of the tribe translates as “strong”. In his extensive history work “Jami' al-tawarikh”, the statesman and historian of the Ilkhanate Rashid-al-Din Hamadani says that the Kayi tribe comes from the oldest of Oghuz Khan's 24 grandchildren who were the patriarchs of the ancient Oghuz tribes, the name Kayi means “powerful”; the famous Oghuz turkish folk narrator and bard Gorkut-ata belonged to the Kayi tribe. In the middle ages, part of the tribe moved to the territory of modern Ukraine, they are known in the ancient Russian annals as kovuy and kaepichi.

According to the famous Soviet and Russian linguist and turkologist A. V. Superanskaya, the origin of the name of the city of Kiev is associated with the Kai tribe: "As ethnographers testify, ethnically “pure” peoples do not and cannot exist. On the contrary, new peoples arise from ethnic mixes of two or more peoples assimilating the best features of each. There are many folk legends that the beginning of a nation was laid by two brothers... Something similar lies behind the legend of Kiy, Schek and Lybed; the tribal name Kyy belonged to the ancient Turkic peoples. It is still present in the names of tribal structures of modern Turkic peoples ”. In Anatolia, total of twenty seven villages bear the name of Kayi; the Kayi tribe were the founders of such medieval Anatolian Beyliks as Isfendiyarogullary and Chobanogullary. In Turkmenistan, the Kayi tribe are part of the Geklen Turkmens living in the Balkan region of the country; as a Kayitag group the Kayı tribe played a prominent role in the history of the Caucuses, now the Kayitag language is classified as one of five dialects of the Kumyk language, which for ten centuries was a lingua franca in the North Caucuses Kayitag principality was a leading component of the Shamkhalate of Kazi-Kumukh state on the Caspian western seaboard that in different forms lasted from the 8th to the 19th centuries.

Kaitag textiles, stamped out under the Soviet rule, remain distinct in their artistry and workmanship. According to Ottoman tradition, Osman I, founder of Ottoman Empire, was descended from the Kayı tribe; this claim has, been called into serious question by many modern historians. The only evidence for the Ottomans' Kayı descent came from genealogies written during the fifteenth century, more than a hundred years after the life of Osman. More the earliest genealogies written by the Ottomans did not include any reference to Kayı descent at all, indicating that it was fabricated at a date. Ottoman Dynasty Osman I Ertuğrul Halime Hatun Dündar Bey Hayme Hatun Suleyman Shah Oghuz traditional tribal organization Kaza-i Cuma Kafesoğlu, İbrahim. Türk Milli Kültürü. Türk Kültürünü Araştırma Enstitüsü, 1977. Page 134 Gmyrya, L. 1995. "Hun country at the Caspian Gate: Caspian Dagestan during the epoch of the Great Movement of Peoples". Makhachkala: Dagestan Publishing

The Sagebrush Troubadour

The Sagebrush Troubadour is a 1935 American Western film directed by Joseph Kane and starring Gene Autry, Barbara Pepper, Smiley Burnette. Written by Oliver Drake and Joseph F. Poland, the film is about two Texas Rangers traveling undercover as western troubadours in search of the killer of an old, half-blind man. Texas Rangers Gene Autry and Frog Millhouse are traveling undercover as western troubadours in search of the killer of old, half-blind Frank Martin, their only clues are a guitar string and Martin's horse Swayback that hold the key to finding the dead man's lost goldmine. Following Frank Martin's funeral, Martin's granddaughter, meets her uncle, John Martin, Lon Dillon, who flirts with her. Lawyer Henry Nolan reads Martin's will, revealing that the deceased left John $5,000 and the remainder of the estate to Joan. John tells Joan that he suspects Gene of her grandfather's murder and persuades her to hold a masquerade dance to lure Gene into town. Meanwhile, Gene learns. By following Swayback, whom Lon and Henry have all tried to buy, Gene discovers that Martin had indeed located a gold mine.

Gene and Frog escape a trap set for them at the dance and save Joan when she is nearly strangled by another guitar string. Gene discovers that John's guitar is missing a string. John and Pablo, who have uncovered Swayback's hiding place, find the mine and are followed by Henry and Hank Polk; as they argue among themselves, Gene surprises them and reveals that he is a Texas Ranger assigned to the Martin murder case. By claiming that Frog is a fingerprint expert, Gene tricks Henry into admitting his guilt. Henry is arrested by the sheriff, waiting in the mine according to Gene's instructions. Joan learns that Gene has recorded the deed to the mine in her name. Gene Autry as Gene Autry Barbara Pepper as Joan Martin Smiley Burnette as Frog Millhouse Champion as Champion, Gene's Horse Fred Kelsey as Hank Polk J. Frank Glendon as John Martin Hooper Atchley as Henry Nolan Julian Rivero as Pablo Dennis Moore as Lon Dillon Kernville, California, USA "Way Out West in Texas" by Gene Autry and Smiley Burnette "On the Prairie" by Gene Autry "End of the Trail" by Gene Autry and Smiley Burnette "Hurdy Gurdy Man" by Tommy Gene Fairey "My Prayer for Tonight" by the party guests "Lookin' for the Lost Chord" by Smiley Burnette "I'd Love a Home in the Mountains" by Gene Autry and Smiley Burnette "When the Moon Shines" "Someday in Wyoming" Citations Bibliography The Sagebrush Troubadour on IMDb The Sagebrush Troubadour at the TCM Movie Database The Sagebrush Troubadour at AllMovie

Plagioclimax community

A Plagioclimax community is an area or habitat in which the influences of the humans have prevented the ecosystem from developing further. The ecosystem may have been stopped from reaching its full climatic climax or deflected towards a different climax by activities such as: Cutting down the existing vegetation Burning as a means of forest clearance Planting trees or crops Grazing and trampling by domesticated animals Harvesting of planted cropsThese are known as disturbances, or arresting factors. In each case, human activity has led to a community, not the climax community expected in such an area. If the human activity continues, the community will be held in a stable position and further succession will not occur until the human activity ceases. An example may be in a beach dune system where the impact of the human race has caused footpath erosion to occur, affecting the vegetation so that feet trampling on the dune plants destroys them; the uplands of Northern England were once covered by deciduous woodland.

Some heather would have been present, but in small amounts. The forests were removed during the early Middle Ages for timber and fuel purposes, to create space for agricultural activities; the soil deteriorated as a heather came to dominate the plant community. Sheep grazing was the major form of agriculture in the area at the time and the sheep prevented the re-growth of woodland by destroying any young saplings. In more recent times the process of controlled burning of the heather has taken place; the heather is burnt after 15 years of its life cycle before it becomes mature and allows colonisation of the area by other plants. The ash adds to the soil fertility and the new growth that results increase the productivity of the ecosystem and provides the sheep with a more nutritious diet than is provided by the elder heather; this controlled burning maintains a plant community, not the climatic climax of the area, is therefore a plagioclimax. In Studland Heath in Dorset, the management agency prevents the climax community becoming established.

At Studland the aim is to keep the area as heathland, so that the small reptiles that inhabit the dune system continue to survive. If the area is allowed to develop into woodland, the reptiles would be replaced by other species of animals. Palmer, Andy. Advanced Geography. Philip Allan Updates. Pp. 380. ISBN 1-84489-205-0. Warn, Sue. "Heathland and Moorland Ecosystems". ISSN 1351-5136