The Houston Astros are an American professional baseball team based in Houston, Texas. The Astros compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League West division, having moved to the division in 2013 after spending their first 51 seasons in the National League; the Astros have played their home games at Minute Maid Park since 2000. The Astros were established as the Houston Colt.45s and entered the National League as an expansion team in 1962 along with the New York Mets. The current name—reflecting Houston's role as the control center of the U. S. crewed space program—was adopted three years when they moved into the Astrodome, the first domed sports stadium. The Astros played in the NL from 1962 to 2012, first in the West Division from 1969 to 1993, followed by the Central Division from 1994 to 2012; the team was reclassified to the AL West from 2013 onward. While a member of the NL, the Astros played in one World Series in 2005, losing in four games to the Chicago White Sox.
In 2017, they became the first franchise in MLB history to have won a pennant in both the NL and the AL, when they defeated the New York Yankees in the ALCS. They won the 2017 World Series against the Los Angeles Dodgers, winning four games to three, earning the team, the state of Texas, its first World Series title. From 1888 until 1961, Houston's professional baseball club was the minor league Houston Buffaloes. Although expansion from the National League brought an MLB team to Texas in 1962, Houston officials had been making efforts to do so for years prior. There were four men chiefly responsible for bringing Major League Baseball to Houston: George Kirksey and Craig Cullinan, who had led a futile attempt to purchase the St. Louis Cardinals in 1952. E. "Bob" Smith, a prominent oilman and real estate magnate in Houston, brought in for his financial resources. They formed the Houston Sports Association as their vehicle for attaining a big league franchise for the city of Houston. Given MLB's refusal to consider expansion, Cullinan and Hofheinz joined forces with would-be owners from other cities and announced the formation of a new league to compete with the established National and American Leagues.
They called the new league the Continental League. Wanting to protect potential new markets, both existing leagues chose to expand from eight teams to ten. However, plans fell through for the Houston franchise after the Houston Buffaloes owner, Marty Marion, could not come to an agreement with the HSA to sell the team. To make matters worse, the Continental League as a whole folded in August 1960. However, on October 17, 1960, the National League granted an expansion franchise to the Houston Sports Association in which their team could begin play in the 1962 season. According to the Major League Baseball Constitution, the Houston Sports Association was required to obtain territorial rights from the Houston Buffaloes in order to play in the Houston area, again negotiations began to purchase the team; the Houston Sports Association succeeded in purchasing the Houston Buffaloes, at this point majority-owned by William Hopkins, on January 17, 1961. The Buffs played one last minor league season as the top farm team of the Chicago Cubs in 1961 before being succeeded by the city's NL club.
The new Houston team was named the Colt.45s after a "Name The Team" contest was won by William Irving Neder. The Colt.45 was well known as "the gun that won the west." The colors selected were orange. The first team was formed through an expansion draft after the 1961 season; the Colt.45s and their expansion cousins, the New York Mets, took turns choosing players left unprotected by the other National League franchises. Many of those associated with the Houston Buffaloes organization were allowed by the ownership to continue in the major league. Manager Harry Craft, who had joined Houston in 1961, remained in the same position for the team until the end of the 1964 season. General manager Spec Richardson continued with the organization as business manager, but was promoted again to the same position with the Astros from 1967 until 1975. Although most players for the major league franchise were obtained through the 1961 Major League Baseball expansion draft, Buffs players J. C. Hartman, Pidge Browne, Jim Campbell, Ron Davis, Dave Giusti, Dave Roberts were chosen to continue as major league ball players.
The radio broadcasting team remained with the new Houston major league franchise. Loel Passe worked alongside Gene Elston as a color commentator until he retired from broadcasting in 1976. Elston continued with the Astros until 1986; the Colt.45s began their existence playing at Colt Stadium, a temporary venue built just north of the construction site of the indoor stadium. The Colt.45s started their inaugural season on April 10, 1962, against the Chicago Cubs with Harry Craft as the Colt.45s' manager. Bob Aspromonte scored, they started the season with a three-game sweep of the Cubs but finished eighth among the National League's ten teams. The team's best pitcher, Richard "Turk" Farrell, lost 20 games despite an ERA of 3.02. A starter for the Colt.45s, Farrell was a relief pitcher prior to playing for Houston. He was selected to both All-Star Games in 1962; the 1963 season saw more young talent mixed with seasoned veterans. Jimmy Wynn, Rusty Staub, Joe Morgan all made their major league debuts in the 1963 season.
However, Houston's position in the standings did not improve, as the Colt.45s finished in ninth place with a 66–96 record. The t
1906 Chicago Cubs season
The 1906 Chicago Cubs season was the 35th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 31st in the National League and the 14th at West Side Park. The team won the National League pennant with a record of 116–36, a full 20 games ahead of the second-place New York Giants; the team's.763 winning percentage, with two ties in their 154-game season, is the highest in modern MLB history. The 2001 Seattle Mariners won 116 games, but they did that in 162 games with a.716 winning percentage. In a major upset, the Cubs were beaten by the Chicago White Sox in the 1906 World Series. Led by new manager Frank Chance, the Cubs dominated the NL, they led the league in both runs fewest runs allowed by large margins. Their record of 116 wins has never been beaten; the team included four future Hall of Famers: manager and first baseman Chance, second baseman Johnny Evers, shortstop Joe Tinker, pitcher Mordecai Brown. Brown finished second in the NL in wins to Joe McGinnity, but his 1.04 ERA set a major league record.
Although the record was broken by Dutch Leonard in 1914, Brown's mark still stands as the National League record. The pitching staff led the majors with a team earned run average of 1.76. Six members of the pitching staff had double digit victories – Mordecai Brown, Jack Pfiester, Ed Reulbach, Carl Lundgren, Orval Overall, Jack Taylor. In addition, Mordecai Brown set a major league record with the lowest earned run average attained with at least 250 innings pitched; the offensive star was third baseman Harry Steinfeldt, who led the NL in both hits and RBI. The team's.763 winning percentage set a modern-era record, was the best overall since 1885. However, it set neither a National League record nor a franchise record, as the 19th-century White Stockings finished with better records on three occasions; the all-time major league record belongs to the 1884 St. Louis Maroons of the Union Association at.832. On August 9, Jack Taylor threw the last of a major league record 187 consecutive complete games that he pitched, a streak that began in 1901 when Taylor was pitching for the Chicago Orphans.
Taylor had been re-acquired from the St. Louis Cardinals on July 1, having been traded to the Cards after the 1903 season. Note: Pos = Position. = Batting average. = Batting average. Mordecai Brown, major league record, lowest earned run average with at least 250 innings pitched 1906 Chicago Cubs season at Baseball Reference
2008 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 2008 throughout the world. Regular Season ChampionsWorld Series Champions – Philadelphia Phillies American League Champions – Tampa Bay Rays National League Champions – Philadelphia Phillies Postseason – October 1 to October 29Click on any series score to link to that series' page. Higher seed had home field advantage during League Championship Series; the American League champion has home field advantage during the World Series as a result of the AL victory in the All-Star Game. Minor League Baseball Triple-A Championship: Sacramento River Cats International League: Scranton/Wilkes Barre Yankees Pacific Coast League: Sacramento River Cats Mexican League: Diablos Rojos del México AA Eastern League: Trenton Thunder Southern League: Mississippi Braves Texas League: Arkansas Travelers A California League: Stockton Ports Carolina League: Potomac Nationals Florida State League: Daytona Cubs Midwest League: Burlington Bees South Atlantic League: Augusta GreenJackets New York–Penn League: Batavia Muckdogs Northwest League: Spokane Indians Rookie Appalachian League: Elizabethton Twins Gulf Coast League: Gulf Coast Phillies Pioneer League: Great Falls Voyagers Arizona League: Arizona League Giants Independent baseball leagues Alaska Baseball League: Anchorage Glacier Pilots American Association: Sioux Falls Canaries Atlantic League: Somerset Patriots Canadian-American Association: Sussex Skyhawks Frontier League: Windy City ThunderBolts Golden Baseball League: Orange County Flyers Northern League: Kansas City T-Bones United League Baseball: Amarillo Dillas Amateur College College World Series: Fresno State NCAA Division II: Mount Olive College NCAA Division III: Trinity College NAIA: Lewis-Clark State College Youth Big League World Series: Taylors, South Carolina Junior League World Series: Waipi`o, Hawaii Little League World Series: Willemstad, Curaçao Senior League World Series: Upper Deerfield, New Jersey International National teams Summer Olympics at Beijing, China: South Korea.
Executives Barney Dreyfuss, Bowie Kuhn and Walter O'Malley and managers Billy Southworth and Dick Williams are inducted following their election by the Veterans Committee. Larry Whiteside, sportswriter for The Boston Globe from 1973 until 2004, receives the J. G. Taylor Spink Award. Dave Niehaus, broadcaster for the Seattle Mariners since 1977, receives the Ford C. Frick Award. MVP Awards American League – Dustin Pedroia National League – Albert Pujols Cy Young Awards American League – Cliff Lee National League – Tim Lincecum Rookie of the Year Awards American League Evan Longoria National League Geovany Soto Manager of the Year Awards American League – Joe Maddon National League – Lou Piniella Silver Slugger AwardsAmerican LeagueDH: Aubrey Huff C: Joe Mauer 1B: Justin Morneau 2B: Dustin Pedroia 3B: Alex Rodriguez SS: Derek Jeter OF: Josh Hamilton OF: Carlos Quentin OF: Grady Sizemore National LeagueP: Carlos Zambrano C: Brian McCann 1B: Albert Pujols 2B: Chase Utley 3B: David Wright SS: Hanley Ramírez OF: Ryan Braun OF: Matt Holliday OF: Ryan Ludwick Gold Glove AwardsAmerican LeagueP: Mike Mussina C: Joe Mauer 1B: Carlos Peña 2B: Dustin Pedroia 3B: Adrián Beltré SS: Michael Young OF: Torii Hunter OF: Grady Sizemore OF: Ichiro Suzuki National LeagueP: Greg Maddux C: Yadier Molina 1B: Adrian Gonzalez 2B: Brandon Phillips 3B: David Wright SS: Jimmy Rollins OF: Carlos Beltrán OF: Nate McLouth OF: Shane Victorino Hank Aaron Award – Kevin Youkilis / Aramis Ramírez Hutch Award – Jon Lester Players Choice Award – Albert Pujols Roberto Clemente Award – Albert Pujols Tony Conigliaro Award – Rocco Baldelli TSN Awards MLB Player of the Year – Albert Pujols Pitcher of the Year – Cliff Lee / Tim Lincecum Reliever of the Year – Francisco Rodríguez / Brad Lidge Rookie of the Year – Evan Longoria / Geovany Soto Comeback Player of the Year – Cliff Lee / Fernando Tatís Manager of the Year – Joe Maddon / Fredi González Woman Executive of the Year: Carol Gehr, Hagerstown Suns, South Atlantic League January 6 – Roger Clemens appears on CBS's 60 Minutes, denying that he uses performance-enhancing drugs.
January 8 – Closer Rich "Goose" Gossage and his former manager with the San Diego Padres, Dick Williams, are elected into the Baseball
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products. Put, it is "any activity or enterprise entered into for profit, it does not mean it is a company, a corporation, partnership, or have any such formal organization, but it can range from a street peddler to General Motors."Having a business name does not separate the business entity from the owner, which means that the owner of the business is responsible and liable for debts incurred by the business. If the business acquires debts, the creditors can go after the owner's personal possessions. A business structure does not allow for corporate tax rates; the proprietor is taxed on all income from the business. The term is often used colloquially to refer to a company. A company, on the other hand, is a separate legal entity and provides for limited liability, as well as corporate tax rates. A company structure is more complicated and expensive to set up, but offers more protection and benefits for the owner.
Forms of business ownership vary by jurisdiction, but several common entities exist: Sole proprietorship: A sole proprietorship known as a sole trader, is owned by one person and operates for their benefit. The owner may hire employees. A sole proprietor has unlimited liability for all obligations incurred by the business, whether from operating costs or judgments against the business. All assets of the business belong to a sole proprietor, for example, a computer infrastructure, any inventory, manufacturing equipment, or retail fixtures, as well as any real property owned by the sole proprietor. Partnership: A partnership is a business owned by two or more people. In most forms of partnerships, each partner has unlimited liability for the debts incurred by the business; the three most prevalent types of for-profit partnerships are general partnerships, limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships. Corporation: The owners of a corporation have limited liability and the business has a separate legal personality from its owners.
Corporations can be either government-owned or owned, they can organize either for profit or as nonprofit organizations. A owned, for-profit corporation is owned by its shareholders, who elect a board of directors to direct the corporation and hire its managerial staff. A owned, for-profit corporation can be either held by a small group of individuals, or publicly held, with publicly traded shares listed on a stock exchange. Cooperative: Often referred to as a "co-op", a cooperative is a limited-liability business that can organize as for-profit or not-for-profit. A cooperative differs from a corporation in that it has members, not shareholders, they share decision-making authority. Cooperatives are classified as either consumer cooperatives or worker cooperatives. Cooperatives are fundamental to the ideology of economic democracy. Limited liability companies, limited liability partnerships, other specific types of business organization protect their owners or shareholders from business failure by doing business under a separate legal entity with certain legal protections.
In contrast, unincorporated businesses or persons working on their own are not as protected. Franchises: A franchise is a system in which entrepreneurs purchase the rights to open and run a business from a larger corporation. Franchising in the United States is widespread and is a major economic powerhouse. One out of twelve retail businesses in the United States are franchised and 8 million people are employed in a franchised business. A company limited by guarantee: Commonly used where companies are formed for non-commercial purposes, such as clubs or charities; the members guarantee the payment of certain amounts if the company goes into insolvent liquidation, but otherwise, they have no economic rights in relation to the company. This type of company is common in England. A company limited by guarantee may be without having share capital. A company limited by shares: The most common form of the company used for business ventures. A limited company is a "company in which the liability of each shareholder is limited to the amount individually invested" with corporations being "the most common example of a limited company."
This type of company is common in many English-speaking countries. A company limited by shares may be a publicly traded company or a held company A company limited by guarantee with a share capital: A hybrid entity used where the company is formed for non-commercial purposes, but the activities of the company are funded by investors who expect a return; this type of company may no longer be formed in the UK, although provisions still exist in law for them to exist. A limited liability company: "A company—statutorily authorized in certain states—that is characterized by limited liability, management by members or managers, limitations on ownership transfer", i.e. L. L. C. LLC structure has been called "hybrid" in that it "combines the characteristics of a corporation and of a partnership or sole proprietorship". Like a corporation, it has limited liability for members of the company, like a partnership, it has "flow-through taxation to the members" and must be "dissolved upon the death or bankruptcy of a member".
An unlimited company with or without a share capital: A hybrid entity, a company where the liability of members or shareholders for the debts of the company are not limited. In this case, the doctrine of a veil of incorporation does not apply. Less common types of companies are: Companies formed by letters patent: Most corpor
Chico is the most populous city in Butte County, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 86,187, reflecting an increase of 26,233 from the 59,954 counted in the 2000 Census; the city is the cultural and educational center of the northern Sacramento Valley and home to both California State University and Bidwell Park, the country's 26th largest municipal park and the 13th largest municipally-owned park. Bidwell Park makes up over 17% of the city. Other cities in close proximity to the Chico Metropolitan Area include Paradise and Oroville, while local towns and villages include Durham, Dayton and Forest Ranch; the Chico Metropolitan Area is the 14th largest Metropolitan Statistical Area in California. The nickname "City of Roses" appears on the Seal of the City of Chico; the city has been designated a Tree City USA for 31 years by the National Arbor Day Foundation. The first known inhabitants of the area now known as Chico were the Mechoopda Maidu Native Americans.
The City of Chico was founded in 1860 by John Bidwell, a member of one of the first wagon trains to reach California in 1843. During the American Civil War, Camp Bidwell, was established a mile outside Chico, by Lt. Col. A. E. Hooker with a company of cavalry and two of infantry, on August 26, 1863. By early 1865 it was being referred to as Camp Chico when a post called Camp Bidwell was established in northeast California to be Fort Bidwell; the city became incorporated January 8, 1872. Chico was home to a significant Chinese American community when it was first incorporated, but arsonists burned Chico's Chinatown in February 1886, driving Chinese Americans out of town. Historian W. H. "Old Hutch" Hutchinson identified five events as the most seminal in Chico history. They included the arrival of John Bidwell in 1850, the arrival of the California and Oregon Railroad in 1870, the establishment in 1887 of the Northern Branch of the State Normal School, which became California State University, the purchase of the Sierra Lumber Company by the Diamond Match Company in 1900, the development of the Army Air Base, now the Chico Municipal Airport.
Several other significant events have unfolded in Chico more recently. These include the construction and relocation of Route 99E through town in the early 1960s, the founding of Sierra Nevada Brewing Company in 1979—what would become one of the top breweries in the nation—and the establishment of a "Green Line" on the western city limits as protection of agricultural lands. Chico is at the northeast edge of the Sacramento Valley, one of the richest agricultural areas in the world; the Sierra Nevada mountains lie to the east and south, with Chico's city limits venturing several miles into the foothills. To the west, the Sacramento River lies 5 miles from the city limits. Chico sits on the Sacramento Valley floor close to the foothills of the Cascade Range to the north and the Sierra Nevada range to the east and south. Big Chico Creek is the demarcation line between the ranges; the city's terrain is flat with hilly terrain beginning at the eastern city limits. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.8 square miles, of which 27.7 square miles is land and 0.04% is water.
The city is bisected by Bidwell Park, which runs 5 miles from the flat city center deep into the foothills. The city is traversed by two creeks and a flood channel, which feeds the Sacramento River, they are named Big Chico Creek, Little Chico Creek, Lindo Channel. Downtown Chico is located between Big Chico Creek and Little Chico Creek; the downtown has a street grid offset 49.75° from the four cardinal directions. There are numbered streets and avenues, which run east-northeast to west-southwest. Blocks are addressed in hundreds corresponding to the numbered streets and avenues. While the east-northeast to west-southwest streets and avenues are numbered, streets running north-northwest to south-southeast are named after trees; the part of the "tree" streets that intersect the Chico State campus spell the word "CHICO" at Chestnut, Ivy and Orange streets. The main thoroughfare running northwest–southeast through the city is State Route Business 99, not to be confused with Highway 99. Business 99 has several common names.
From Northwest to Southeast, these are Esplanade, Main Street/Broadway, Main Street/Oroville Avenue, Park Avenue, Midway. The city streets are designated as "east" or "west" by their relation to this street. There are numbered avenues both of which flow east -- west; this fact can cause confusion. The "streets" are south of the Chico State campus through downtown, while the "avenues" are north of campus through The Esplanade. There are no left turns permitted onto any odd numbered avenue from The Esplanade, in either direction, with the exception of West 11th Avenue. In the numbered streets and avenues and most other streets that intersect The Esplanade and Park, the west addresses are all numbers whose last two digits are 00 through 49 and the east addresses are all numbers whose last two digits are 50 through 99. There are few exceptions. On most Chico streets odd addresses are on the south side of the street. Standing at the bridge over the Big Chico Creek—where Main Street changes to The Esplanade—and facing north, the odd addresses are on the left.
This convention holds for all the numbered avenues. However, while facing
1978 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1978 throughout the world. World Series: New York Yankees over Los Angeles Dodgers. January 25 – The San Diego Padres send Dave Tomlin and cash to the Texas Rangers in return for Gaylord Perry, who will win this year's National League Cy Young Award. January 31 - Commissioner Bowie Kuhn voids the Oakland Athletics' trade of Vida Blue to the Cincinnati Reds, citing the "best interests of baseball" clause; as compensation, the A's send Doug Bair to the Reds for minor-league prospect Dave Revering. March 17 – At Al Lopez Field in Tampa, the Cincinnati Reds host the New York Yankees in a Spring training match-up wearing green uniforms in honor of St. Patrick's Day. In 1990, the Boston Red Sox become the second team to adopt this tradition. April 1 – Starting off with a bang, Japanese star Sadaharu Oh hits a grand slam home run on opening day, it is his 757th home run. April 13 – The New York Yankees defeat the Chicago White Sox 4–2 in their home opener on Reggie Candy Bar Day.
Reggie Jackson slugs a 3-run home run in the first inning, the field is showered with candy bars which were given out free to the fans at the game. April 16 – The St. Louis Cardinals' Bob Forsch hurls a no-hitter in beating the Philadelphia Phillies 5–0. Forsch walks 2 and strikes out 3 in pitching the first home no-hitter by a Cardinal since Jesse Haines in 1924, his brother, the Houston Astros' Ken Forsch, will toss a no-hitter the following season against the Atlanta Braves — making them the first big league brothers to each toss a no-hitter. April 20 – With two out in the top of the fourth inning, the Atlanta Braves' Jeff Burroughs hits a ground ball up the middle that San Diego Padres rookie shortstop Ozzie Smith dives for behind second base; as he was in the air, the ball hits the base, caromes behind Smith. As he is diving in the opposite direction, Smith reaches out with his bare hand and catches the ball, he bounces up, throws Burroughs out at first. The Padres win the game 2–0. April 29 – Pete Rose smashes three home runs in a 14–7 win over the New York Mets.
May 5 – Pete Rose singles off Montreal's Steve Rogers for career hit 3,000 and gets a hug at first base from former teammate Tony Pérez. The Montreal Expos beat the Cincinnati Reds 4–3. May 12 – At Royals Stadium, a potential game-ending routine fly ball becomes an Amos Otis walk-off inside-the-park home run as Reggie Jackson and Mickey Rivers collide in the outfield; the Kansas City Royals defeat the New York Yankees, 4–3. The misplay turns a sure Goose Gossage save into a sour loss for the current World Champion Yankees. May 14 – With the Chicago Cubs losing 7–5 to the Los Angeles Dodgers, Dave Kingman hits a two run home run with two outs in the ninth inning to send the game into extra innings. Kingman, who had homered in the sixth, hits his third home run of the day in the fifteenth inning to give the Cubs a 10–7 victory over the Dodgers at Dodger Stadium, end his day with eight RBIs. Following the game, Paul Olden, a reporter for radio station KLAC in Los Angeles asks Dodgers manager Tommy Lasorda, "What's your opinion of Kingman's performance?" during his post-game interview.
Lasorda goes off in a now-famous obscenity-laced tirade. May 20 – At Olympic Stadium, Willie Stargell of the Pittsburgh Pirates hits two home runs off Wayne Twitchell in a 6–0 victory over the Montreal Expos, his second is a 535-foot shot in the fourth inning that lands in the upper deck — the only fair ball to be hit there. May 23 – With the Oakland Athletics leading the American League Western Division, manager Bobby Winkles walks off the job. Jack McKeon takes over. June 3 – Davey Johnson becomes the first major leaguer to hit two pinch-hit grand slams in a season, as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Los Angeles Dodgers, 5–1. June 14 – Pete Rose starts his 44-game hitting streak by collecting two hits in the Cincinnati Reds' 3–1 win over the Chicago Cubs. June 16 –In his 12th major league season speckled with near-misses, Cincinnati's Tom Seaver hurls a no-hitter; the Cardinals are the 4–0 victims as Seaver strikes out 3 batters. Fresh off the Arizona State University campus with no minor league ball, the Atlanta Braves' Bob Horner homers in his first major league game off Bert Blyleven of the Pittsburgh Pirates.
June 17 – The Yankees' Ron Guidry strikes out 18 batters — 15 in 6 innings — in a 4–0 shutout of the California Angels, setting an American
Ken Griffey Jr.
George Kenneth Griffey Jr. nicknamed "Junior" and "The Kid", is an American former professional baseball outfielder who played 22 years in Major League Baseball. He spent most of his career with the Seattle Mariners and Cincinnati Reds, along with a short stint with the Chicago White Sox. A member of the Baseball Hall of Fame and a 13-time All-Star, Griffey is one of the most prolific home run hitters in baseball history. Griffey was an exceptional defender and won 10 Gold Glove Awards in center field, he is tied for the record of most consecutive games with a home run. Although popular with fans around the league, Griffey was unable to shake reports of his petulant demeanor throughout his major league baseball career. Griffey signed lucrative deals with companies of international prominence like Nintendo. Griffey is one of only 29 players in baseball history to date to have appeared in Major League games in four different calendar decades. Following his playing career, Griffey joined the Mariners' front office as a special consultant.
He was inducted into both the Mariners' Hall of Fame and the Reds Hall of Fame. In 2016, Griffey was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame, receiving a 99.30% of the vote, breaking pitcher Tom Seaver's record of 98.84%. However, Griffey's record was broken three years by Mariano Rivera, who became the first player to be inducted unanimously. Griffey is the son of former MLB player Ken Griffey Sr. and the father of National Football League player Trey Griffey. Griffey was born in Donora, Pennsylvania, on November 21, 1969, his family moved to Cincinnati, where his father, Ken Griffey Sr. played for the Cincinnati Reds, when Ken Jr. was six years old. Ken Jr. was in the clubhouse during his father's back-to-back championships in the 1975 and 1976 World Series. As a young child, Ken Sr. would instill in his son the pride of a team accomplishment rather than the individual performance. "My dad would have bopped me on the head when I was a kid if I came home bragging about what I did on the field. He only wanted to know what the team did."
He attended Archbishop Moeller High School in Cincinnati, where he was the U. S high school baseball player of the year in 1987. Griffey was the number one overall selection by the Seattle Mariners during the Major League Baseball Amateur Draft held on June 2, 1987, he received a signing bonus of $16,000 from the Mariners. On June 11, 1987, Griffey joined the Bellingham Mariners of the Northwest League, a Class A Short Season minor league, he made his professional debut on June 16, 1987. During the 54-game season he hit.313. He led the team with 40 RBI and 13 steals. Baseball America magazine named him the league's number one major league prospect. In 1988, Griffey joined the San Bernardino Spirit of the Class A-Advanced California League. During his 58 games with the Spirit, Griffey batted.338, hit 11 home runs, drove in 42 runs, stole 32 bases. Late in the season, Griffey was promoted to the Vermont Mariners of the Class AA Eastern League, he played the final 17 games with the club, hitting.279 with 10 RBIs.
In his eleven seasons with Seattle Griffey established himself as one of the most prolific and exciting players of the era, racking up 1,752 hits, 398 home runs, 1,152 RBIs, 167 stolen bases. He led the American League in home runs for four seasons, was voted the A. L. MVP in 1997, maintained a.297 career batting average. In his first major league at-bat, he doubled, his defense in center field was considered the standard of elite fielding during the decade, exemplified by his streak of 10 straight Gold Gloves from 1990–1999. His impressive range allowed frequent spectacular diving plays, he dazzled fans with over-the-shoulder basket catches and robbed opposing hitters of home runs by leaping up and pulling them back into the field of play, he was featured on the Wheaties cereal box and had his own signature sneaker line from Nike, Inc.. On April 3, 1989, in his first MLB plate appearance, Griffey hit a line drive double off Oakland Athletics pitcher Dave Stewart at the Oakland Coliseum. One week in his first at-bat at the Kingdome, Griffey hit his first major league home run.
Griffey was a frequent participant in the All-Star Game during the 1990s. He led his league multiple times in different hitting categories. In 1990 and 1991, Griffey and his father became the first son and father to play on the same team at the same time. In his father's first game as a Mariner, on August 31, 1990, the pair hit back-to-back singles in the first inning and both scored. On September 14, the pair hit back-to-back home runs in the top of the first off California Angels pitcher Kirk McCaskill, becoming the first father-son duo to hit back-to-back home runs; the duo played a total of 51 games together before Griffey Sr. retired in June 1991. At the MLB Home Run Derby in 1993, held at Oriole Park in Baltimore, Griffey hit the warehouse beyond the right field wall on the fly and he is still the only player to do so; as with every home run that hits Eutaw Street, each feat is honored with a circular plaque, embedded horizontally onto the concourse's walkway, in the exact spot where the home run landed.
In 1994, he led the league in voting for All Star game selection. That season, which ended prematurely on August 12 due to the labor dispute, saw Griffey hit 30 home runs in the Mariners' first 65 games