Patallacta

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Patallacta
Camino-inca-dia1-llactapata-c01.jpg
Patallacta viewed from above on the Inca trail near Willkaraqay
Patallacta is located in Peru
Patallacta
Shown within Peru
Location Peru, Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District
Region Andes
Coordinates 13°13′53″S 72°25′53″W / 13.23139°S 72.43139°W / -13.23139; -72.43139Coordinates: 13°13′53″S 72°25′53″W / 13.23139°S 72.43139°W / -13.23139; -72.43139
Type Settlement
History
Cultures Inca

Patallacta (possibly from Quechua pata elevated place / above, at the top / edge, bank (of a river), shore, llaqta place (village, town, city, country, nation),[1] "settlement on a platform"[2] pronounced "pahta-yakta"), Llactapata [3] or Q'ente Marka (possibly from Quechua q'inti hummingbird, marka village, "hummingbird village") is an archaeological site in Peru located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District. It is situated southeast of the site Machu Picchu, at the confluence of the rivers Cusichaca and Vilcanota on a mountain named Patallacta.[4]

On his way to discover Machu Picchu (at: 13°13′57″S 72°25′30″W / 13.2325095°S 72.424922°W / -13.2325095; -72.424922) Hiram Bingham, discoverer of Machu Picchu and many other Incan sites, passed Patallacta,[5] sometimes given the name of Llaqtapata as evidenced by the photograph of a sign from a check-point along the Inca trail.[6] His associate Mr. Herman Tucker reported that the name of the town was Patallacta containing about one hundred houses. Above it were several important sites including Wayllapampa,[7] this site is located 1.5 km (1 mi) from the start of the "Classic Inca Trail" which begins at Km 88.[8]

This site housed a large number of occupants, including travellers and soldiers who manned the nearby "hill fort" of Willkaraqay, and a shrine with rounded walls known as Pulpituyuq that had religious and ceremonial functions.[9]

Patallacta was burned by Manco Inca Yupanqui, who destroyed a number of settlements along the Inca road system during his retreat from Cusco in 1536 to discourage Spanish pursuit. In part due to these efforts, the Spanish never discovered the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu or any of its settlements.[10]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary)
  2. ^ Diccionario Quechua - Español - Quechua, Academía Mayor de la Lengua Quechua, Gobierno Regional Cusco, Cusco 2005 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary): see Patallaqta
  3. ^ mincetur.gob.pe
  4. ^ escale.minedu.gob.pe - UGEL map of the Urubamba Province (Cusco Region)
  5. ^ Online version of "Inca Land - Explorations in the Highlands of Peru" by Hiram Bingham
  6. ^ "Chapter X - Searching for the Last Inca Capital". Inca Land - Explorations in the Highlands of Peru - by Hiram Bingham. Retrieved 2011-06-27. 
  7. ^ Lost City of the Incas. by Hiram Bingham. 1952. The Orion Publishing Group Ltd, Orion House. page 164. ISBN 0-297-60759-6
  8. ^ Cuzco Region Machu Picchu / Inca Trail. International Travel Maps. A Division of ITMB Publishing Ltd. 2006.
  9. ^ Explore the Inca Trail. Rucksack Readers. 2006.
  10. ^ Noland, David (2001) [2001-02-01]. Trekking. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-32072-5.