Compulsive behavior is defined as performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to an actual reward or pleasure. Compulsive behaviors could be an attempt to make obsessions go away; the act is a small and repetitive behavior, yet not disturbing in a pathological way. Compulsive behaviors are a need to reduce apprehension caused by internal feelings a person wants to abstain from or control. A major cause of the compulsive behaviors is said to be obsessive–compulsive disorder. "The main idea of compulsive behavior is that the excessive activity is not connected to the purpose to which it appears directed." Furthermore, there are many different types of compulsive behaviors including, hoarding, gambling and picking skin, counting, washing and more. There are cultural examples of compulsive behavior. Addiction and obsessive–compulsive disorder feature compulsive behavior as core features. Addiction is a compulsion toward a rewarding stimulus, whereas in OCD a compulsion is a facet of the disorder.
The most common compulsions for people suffering from OCD are washing, checking. While not all compulsive behaviors are addictions, some such as compulsive sexual behavior have been identified as behavioral addictions. About 50 million people in the world today appear to suffer from some type of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Sufferers are more secretive than other people with psychological problems, so the more serious psychological disorders are diagnosed more often. Many who exhibit compulsive behavior will claim it is not a problem and may endure the condition for years before seeking help. Compulsive shopping is characterized by excessive shopping that causes impairment in a person's life such as financial issues or not being able to commit to a family; the prevalence rate for this compulsive behavior is 5.8% worldwide, a majority of the people who suffer from this type of behavior are women. There is no proven treatment for this type of compulsive behavior. Hoarding is characterized by excessive saving of possessions and having problems when throwing these belongings away.
Major features of hoarding include not being able to use living quarters in the capacity of which it is meant, having difficulty moving throughout the home due to the massive amount of possessions, as well as having blocked exits that can pose a danger to the hoarder and their family and guests. Items that are saved by hoarders include clothes, containers, junk mail and craft items. Hoarders believe these items will be useful in the future or they are too sentimental to throw away. Other reasons include fear of losing important documents and object characteristics. Compulsive overeating is the inability to control the amount of nutritional intake, resulting in excessive weight gain; this overeating is a coping mechanism to deal with issues in the individual's life such as stress. Most compulsive over-eaters know; the compulsive behavior develops in early childhood. People who struggle with compulsive eating do not have proper coping skills to deal with the emotional issues that cause their overindulgence in food.
They indulge in binges, periods of varying duration in which they eat and/or drink without pause until the compulsion passes or they are unable to consume any more. These binges are accompanied by feelings of guilt and shame about using food to avoid emotional stress; this compulsive behavior can have deadly side effects including, but not limited to, binge eating. Though this is a serious compulsive behavior, getting treatment and a proper diet plan can help individuals overcome these behaviors. Compulsive gambling is characterized by having the desire to gamble and not being able to resist said desires; the gambling leads to serious social issues in the individual's life. This compulsive behavior begins in early adolescence for men and between the ages of 20-40 for women. People who have issues controlling compulsions to gamble have an harder time resisting when they are having a stressful time in life. People who gamble compulsively tend to run into issues with family members, the law, the places and people they gamble with.
The majority of the issues with this compulsive behavior are due to lack of money to continue gambling or pay off debt from previous gambling. Compulsive gambling can be helped with various forms of treatment such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Self-help or Twelve-step programs, medication. Trichotillomania is classified as compulsive picking of hair of the body, it can be from any place on the body. This picking results in bald spots. Most people who have mild Trichotillomania can overcome it via concentration and more self-awareness; those that suffer from compulsive skin picking have issues with picking, digging, or scratching the skin. These activities are to get rid of unwanted blemishes or marks on the skin; these compulsions tend to leave abrasions and irritation on the skin. This can lead to infection or other issues in healing; these acts tend to be prevalent in times of boredom, or stress. Compulsive checking can include compulsively checking items such as locks and appliances; this type of compulsion deals with checking whether harm to oneself or others is possible.
Most checking behaviors occur due to wanting to keep others and the individual safe. People that suffer from compulsive counting tend to have a specific number, of importance in the situation they are in; when a nu
Money is any item or verifiable record, accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts, such as taxes, in a particular country or socio-economic context. The main functions of money are distinguished as: a medium of exchange, a unit of account, a store of value and sometimes, a standard of deferred payment. Any item or verifiable record that fulfils these functions can be considered as money. Money is an emergent market phenomenon establishing a commodity money, but nearly all contemporary money systems are based on fiat money. Fiat money, like any note of debt, is without use value as a physical commodity, it derives its value by being declared by a government to be legal tender. Counterfeit money can cause good money to lose its value; the money supply of a country consists of currency and, depending on the particular definition used, one or more types of bank money. Bank money, which consists only of records, forms by far the largest part of broad money in developed countries.
The word "money" is believed to originate from a temple of Juno, on Capitoline, one of Rome's seven hills. In the ancient world Juno was associated with money; the temple of Juno Moneta at Rome was the place. The name "Juno" may derive from the Etruscan goddess Uni and "Moneta" either from the Latin word "monere" or the Greek word "moneres". In the Western world, a prevalent term for coin-money has been specie, stemming from Latin in specie, meaning'in kind'; the use of barter-like methods may date back to at least 100,000 years ago, though there is no evidence of a society or economy that relied on barter. Instead, non-monetary societies operated along the principles of gift economy and debt; when barter did in fact occur, it was between either complete strangers or potential enemies. Many cultures around the world developed the use of commodity money; the Mesopotamian shekel was a unit of weight, relied on the mass of something like 160 grains of barley. The first usage of the term came from Mesopotamia circa 3000 BC.
Societies in the Americas, Asia and Australia used shell money – the shells of the cowry. According to Herodotus, the Lydians were the first people to introduce the use of gold and silver coins, it is thought by modern scholars that these first stamped coins were minted around 650–600 BC. The system of commodity money evolved into a system of representative money; this occurred because gold and silver merchants or banks would issue receipts to their depositors – redeemable for the commodity money deposited. These receipts became accepted as a means of payment and were used as money. Paper money or banknotes were first used in China during the Song dynasty; these banknotes, known as "jiaozi", evolved from promissory notes, used since the 7th century. However, they did not displace commodity money, were used alongside coins. In the 13th century, paper money became known in Europe through the accounts of travelers, such as Marco Polo and William of Rubruck. Marco Polo's account of paper money during the Yuan dynasty is the subject of a chapter of his book, The Travels of Marco Polo, titled "How the Great Kaan Causeth the Bark of Trees, Made Into Something Like Paper, to Pass for Money All Over his Country."
Banknotes were first issued in Europe by Stockholms Banco in 1661, were again used alongside coins. The gold standard, a monetary system where the medium of exchange are paper notes that are convertible into pre-set, fixed quantities of gold, replaced the use of gold coins as currency in the 17th–19th centuries in Europe; these gold standard notes were made legal tender, redemption into gold coins was discouraged. By the beginning of the 20th century all countries had adopted the gold standard, backing their legal tender notes with fixed amounts of gold. After World War II and the Bretton Woods Conference, most countries adopted fiat currencies that were fixed to the U. S. dollar. The U. S. dollar was in turn fixed to gold. In 1971 the U. S. government suspended the convertibility of the U. S. dollar to gold. After this many countries de-pegged their currencies from the U. S. dollar, most of the world's currencies became unbacked by anything except the governments' fiat of legal tender and the ability to convert the money into goods via payment.
According to proponents of modern money theory, fiat money is backed by taxes. By imposing taxes, states create demand for the currency. In Money and the Mechanism of Exchange, William Stanley Jevons famously analyzed money in terms of four functions: a medium of exchange, a common measure of value, a standard of value, a store of value. By 1919, Jevons's four functions of money were summarized in the couplet: Money's a matter of functions four, A Medium, a Measure, a Standard, a Store; this couplet would become popular in macroeconomics textbooks. Most modern textbooks now list only three functions, that of medium of exchange, unit of account, store of value, not considering a standard of deferred payment as a distinguished function, but rather subsuming it in the others. There have been many historical disputes regarding the combination of money's functions, some arguing that they need more separation and that a s
Foster the People
Foster the People is an American indie pop band formed in Los Angeles, California, in 2009. It consists of lead vocalist Mark Foster, lead guitarist Sean Cimino, keyboardist Isom Innis, drummer Mark Pontius. Foster founded the band in 2009 after spending several years in Los Angeles as a struggling musician and working as a commercial jingle writer. After Foster's song "Pumped Up Kicks" became a viral success in 2010, the group received a record deal from Startime International and gained a fanbase through small club shows and appearances at music festivals. After releasing their debut album Torches in May 2011, "Pumped Up Kicks" became a crossover hit on commercial radio in mid-2011 and reached number three on the Billboard Hot 100; the record featured the singles "Helena Beat" and "Don't Stop". The group received three Grammy Award nominations for Torches and "Pumped Up Kicks". After touring for two years in support of Torches, Foster the People released their second album, Supermodel, in March 2014.
It was preceded by the lead single "Coming of Age". In July 2017, the band released their third studio album, Sacred Hearts Club, with the addition of Isom Innis and Sean Cimino, both former touring members, to the official lineup. From this album, their song "Sit Next to Me" has peaked at number 42 on the Billboard Hot 100 and was certified platinum by the RIAA. Mark Foster graduated from Nordonia High School in the suburbs of Cleveland, where he had been recognized as a gifted student and participated in the Cleveland Orchestra Children's chorus. Foster has been a fan of The Beach Boys since he was 5, stating in an interview with Beat magazine that "The Beach Boys were the first band that I heard when I was a little kid that sparked something in me. I remember just riding in the car with my parents and "I Get Around" came on the radio and it just resonated."At his father's encouragement, Foster moved in with his uncle in Sylmar, Los Angeles, California to pursue a career in music. Foster worked various jobs and at night, he attended parties in Hollywood to expand his social network.
He said, "I felt like an 18-year-old Hunter S. Thompson. I was just taking it all in. I wasn't shy about taking my guitar out at a party. I wanted to be the center of attention." At one time, he roomed with actor Brad Renfro. Foster struggled with drug addiction during his initial years in Los Angeles, saying, "It got pretty dark. My friends thought. I was blind to it; when I was 19 years old, it got to a point where I said,'Enough is enough'... I saw. I wasn't being productive."Several attempts at founding a band proved unsuccessful. After turning 22, he says he was contacted by Aftermath Entertainment about showcasing his musical talents, but the opportunity fell through. For the next few years, Foster waited tables at a cafe while dealing with writer's block, but he remained in Los Angeles after landing a job as a commercial jingle writer for Mophonics in 2008, he said of the profession, "I learned from the commercial standpoint what works," and he credited it with reviving his confidence in performing.
The music Foster wrote spanned a wide range of genres, but he had difficulty reconciling his eclectic compositions. He explained: "it'd be a hip-hop song. I'd write another and it'd be electronic. Another would be like a spiritual, another would be classic piano song. I was trying to pull those elements together, it took me six years to do it." He still wished to be part of a group. It was terrible. I knew I needed a band."Foster the People was born out of a nascent relationship with drummer Mark Pontius, a film school student who left his group Malbec in 2009 to found a band with Foster. Pontius was impressed by the number and diversity of songs that Foster had written to that point, saying, "Some were on the guitar, some were on the computer, but it was this awesome singer-songwriter thing with a tricked-out beat, I felt we could go wherever we wanted with this." The group added a bassist, Foster's long-time friend Cubbie Fink, who lost his job at a television production company during the recession.
Mark Foster named the band Foster & the People, but people misheard it as "Foster the People". He took to the nurturing image it evoked of "taking care" of people, so the name stuck. Not long after the group formed, Foster wrote and recorded a song at Mophonics called "Pumped Up Kicks", which proved to be the band's breakthrough. After Foster posted the song on his website as a free download in early 2010, it drew considerable attention; the group, yet to be signed, garnered buzz with performances at the South by Southwest music festival in March 2010. Foster was emailed by many people about "Pumped Up Kicks", needing professional guidance, he contacted artist manager Brent Kredel at Monotone, Inc. in March, saying, "Everyone is calling me and emailing me—what do I do? Who are the good guys, who are the bad guys? Kredel recalled that "He went from the guy who couldn't get a hold of anyone to being the guy who had hundreds of emails in his inbox." Kredel and Brett Williams were subsequently hired to co-manage Foster the People, they arranged meetings for the band with several record labels, including Warner Bros.
Atlantic and Universal Republic. In May 2010, the band was signed to the Columbia imprint Startime International in a multi-album deal. T
Guilt is a cognitive or an emotional experience that occurs when a person believes or realizes—accurately or not—that they have compromised their own standards of conduct or have violated a universal moral standard and bear significant responsibility for that violation. Guilt is related to the concept of remorse. Guilt is an important factor in perpetuating obsessive–compulsive disorder symptoms. Guilt and its associated causes and demerits are common themes in psychology and psychiatry. Both in specialized and in ordinary language, guilt is an affective state in which one experiences conflict at having done something that one believes one should not have done, it gives rise to a feeling which does not go away driven by'conscience'. Sigmund Freud described this as the result of a struggle between the ego and the superego – parental imprinting. Freud rejected the role of God as punisher in times of rewarder in time of wellness. While removing one source of guilt from patients, he described another.
This was the unconscious force within the individual that contributed to illness, Freud in fact coming to consider "the obstacle of an unconscious sense of guilt...as the most powerful of all obstacles to recovery." For his explicator, guilt was the inevitable companion of the signifying subject who acknowledged normality in the form of the Symbolic order. Alice Miller claims that "many people suffer all their lives from this oppressive feeling of guilt, the sense of not having lived up to their parents' expectations....no argument can overcome these guilt feelings, for they have their beginnings in life's earliest period, from that they derive their intensity." This may be linked to what Les Parrott has called "the disease of false guilt.... At the root of false guilt is the idea that what you feel must be true." If you feel guilty, you must be guilty! The philosopher Martin Buber underlined the difference between the Freudian notion of guilt, based on internal conflicts, existential guilt, based on actual harm done to others.
Guilt is associated with anxiety. In mania, according to Otto Fenichel, the patient succeeds in applying to guilt "the defense mechanism of denial by overcompensation...re-enacts being a person without guilt feelings."In psychological research, guilt can be measured by using questionnaires, such as the Differential Emotions Scale, or the Dutch Guilt Measurement Instrument. Defenses against feeling guilt can become an overriding aspect of one's personality; the methods that can be used to avoid guilt are multiple. They include: Repression used by the superego and ego against instinctive impulses, but on occasion employed against the superego/conscience itself. If the defence fails one may begin to feel guilty years for actions committed at the time. Projection is another defensive tool with wide applications, it may take the form of blaming the victim: The victim of someone else's accident or bad luck may be offered criticism, the theory being that the victim may be at fault for having attracted the other person's hostility.
Alternatively, not the guilt, but the condemning agency itself, may be projected onto other people, in the hope that they will look upon one's deeds more favorably than one's own conscience. Sharing a feeling of guilt, thereby being less alone with it, is a motive force in both art and joke-telling. Self-harm may be used as an alternative to compensating the object of one's transgression – in the form of not allowing oneself to enjoy opportunities open to one, or benefits due, as a result of uncompensated guilt feelings. Feelings of guilt can prompt subsequent virtuous behavior. People who feel guilty may be more to exercise restraint, avoid self-indulgence, exhibit less prejudice. Guilt appears to prompt reparatory behaviors to alleviate the negative emotions. People appear to engage in targeted and specific reparatory behaviors toward the persons they wronged or offended. Individuals high in psychopathy lack any true sense of guilt or remorse for harm they may have caused others. Instead, they blame someone else, or deny it outright.
A person with psychopathy has a tendency to be harmful to others. They have little ability to plan ahead for the future. An individual with psychopathy will never find themselves at fault because they will do whatever it takes to benefit themselves without reservation. A person that does not feel guilt or remorse would have no reason to find themselves at fault for something that they did with the intention of hurting another person. To a person high in psychopathy, their actions can always be rationalized to be the fault of another person; this is seen by psychologists as part of a lack of moral reasoning, an inability to evaluate situations in a moral framework, an inability to develop emotional bonds with other people due to a lack of empathy. Some evolutionary psychologists theorize that guilt and shame helped maintain beneficial relationships, such as reciprocal altruism. If a person feels guilty when he harms another, or fails to reciprocate kindness, he is more not to harm others or become too selfish.
In this way, he reduces the chances of retaliation by members of his tribe, thereby increases his survival prospects, those of the tribe or group. As with any other emotion, guilt can be manipulated to influence others; as social animals living in large, rela
Pseudologia Fantastica (song)
"Pseudologia Fantastica" is a song by American indie pop band Foster the People. It is the fifth track on their second studio album Supermodel and was released digitally as the record's second single on February 25, 2014; the music video for "Pseudologia Fantastica" was conceptualized and directed by the band's frontman Mark Foster, with additional direction and animation being carried out by Hannes/Johannes. A group of blind miners, are shown trying to mine for diamonds in a cleared area of a forest, they strike diamonds, an enchanted diamond emerges. It attracts every other diamond, forms to create a wolf-like beast; the beast is shown with a greedy passion for diamonds. It creates birds that collect fish in the form of an assault rifle. Meanwhile, the miners are gathering in a city on an island; the beast reaches the island, is stationed on a building, begins to act like a dictator, orders the birds to collect the diamonds. The spirit reaches the city with flying creatures following it; the beast tries to fight it, casting a beam, but the creatures cast beams at it, creating a mass that outnumbers the beast, killing it.
The enchanted diamond explodes, giving the miners vision, they rejoice. The last shot shows the areas viewed empty, through a hand holding an enchanted diamond; the hand closes, the film ends. Foster the PeopleCubbie Fink – bass, backing vocals Mark Foster – lead vocals, piano, electric guitar Mark Pontius – drums, backing vocalsAdditional personnelIsom Innis – backing vocals Sean Cimino – guitar, backing vocals
A lie is an assertion, believed to be false used with the purpose of deceiving someone. The practice of communicating lies is called lying, a person who communicates a lie may be termed a liar. Lies may serve a variety of instrumental, interpersonal, or psychological functions for the individuals who use them; the term "lie" carries a negative connotation, depending on the context a person who communicates a lie may be subject to social, religious, or criminal sanctions. A barefaced lie is one, a lie to those hearing it. "Bold-faced lie" can refer to misleading or inaccurate newspaper headlines, but this usage appears to be a more recent appropriation of the term. A big lie which attempts to trick the victim into believing something major which will be contradicted by some information the victim possesses, or by their common sense; when the lie is of sufficient magnitude it may succeed, due to the victim's reluctance to believe that an untruth on such a grand scale would indeed be concocted. To bluff is to pretend to have a capability or intention one does not possess.
Bluffing is an act of deception, seen as immoral when it takes place in the context of a game, such as poker, where this kind of deception is consented to in advance by the players. For instance, a gambler who deceives other players into thinking they have different cards to those they hold, or an athlete who hints they will move left and dodges right is not considered to be lying. In these situations, deception is acceptable and is expected as a tactic. Bullshit does not have to be a complete fabrication. While a lie is related by a speaker who believes what is said is false, bullshit is offered by a speaker who does not care whether what is said is true because the speaker is more concerned with giving the hearer some impression, thus bullshit may be either true or false, but demonstrates a lack of concern for the truth, to lead to falsehoods. A cover-up may be used to deny, defend or obfuscate a lie, embarrassing actions or lifestyle, and/or lie made previously. One may deny a lie made on a previous occasion, or one may alternatively claim that a previous lie was not as egregious as it was.
For example, to claim that a premeditated lie was "only" an emergency lie, or to claim that a self-serving lie was "only" a white lie or noble lie. Not to be confused with confirmation bias in which the deceiver is deceiving themselves. Defamation is the communication of a false statement that harms the reputation of an individual person, product, government, religion, or nation. To deflect is to avoid the subject that the lie is about, not giving attention to the lie; when attention is given to the subject the lie is based around, deflectors ignore or refuse to respond. Skillful deflectors are passive-aggressive, who when confronted with the subject choose to ignore and not respond. Disinformation is intentionally false or misleading information, spread in a calculated way to deceive target audiences. An exaggeration occurs when the most fundamental aspects of a statement are true, but only to a certain degree, it is seen as "stretching the truth" or making something appear more powerful, meaningful, or real than it is.
Saying that someone devoured most of something when they only ate half would be considered an exaggeration. An exaggeration might be found to be a hyperbole where a person's statement is meant not to be understood literally. Fake news is a type of yellow journalism that consists of deliberate misinformation or hoaxes spread via traditional print and broadcast news media or online social media. A fib is a lie, easy to forgive due to its subject being a trivial matter. Fraud refers to the act of inducing another person or people to believe a lie in order to secure material or financial gain for the liar. Depending on the context, fraud may subject the liar to criminal penalties. A half-truth is a deceptive statement; the statement might be true, the statement may be true but only part of the whole truth, or it may employ some deceptive element, such as improper punctuation, or double meaning if the intent is to deceive, blame or misrepresent the truth. An honest lie can be identified by verbal statements or actions that inaccurately describe history and present situations.
There is no intent to misinform and the individual is unaware that their information is false. Because of this, it is not technically a lie at all since by definition, there must be an intent to deceive for the statement to be considered a lie. Jocose lies are lies meant in jest, intended to be understood as such by all present parties. Teasing and irony are examples. A more elaborate instance is seen in some storytelling traditions, where the storyteller's insistence that the story is the absolute truth, despite all evidence to the contrary, is considered humorous. There is debate about whether these are "real" lies, different philosophers hold different views; the Crick Crack Club in London arranges a yearly "Grand Lying Contest" with the winner being awarded the coveted "Hodja Cup". The winner in 2010 was Hugh Lupton. In the United States, the Burlington Liars' Club awards an annual title to the "World Champion Liar."Lie-to-children i
EBSCO Information Services
EBSCO Information Services, headquartered in Ipswich, Massachusetts, is a division of EBSCO Industries Inc. the third largest private company in Birmingham, with annual sales of nearly $2 billion according to the BBJ's 2013 Book of Lists. EBSCO offers library resources to customers in academic, medical, K–12, public library, law and government markets, its products include EBSCONET, a complete e-resource management system, EBSCOhost, which supplies a fee-based online research service with 375 full-text databases, a collection of 600,000-plus ebooks, subject indexes, point-of-care medical references, an array of historical digital archives. In 2010, EBSCO introduced its EBSCO Discovery Service to institutions, which allows searches of a portfolio of journals and magazines. EBSCO Information Services is a division of EBSCO Industries Inc. a family owned company since 1944. "EBSCO" is an acronym for Elton B. Stephens Co. According to Forbes Magazine, EBSCO is one of the largest held companies in Alabama and one of the top 200 in the United States, based on revenues and employee numbers.
Sales surpassed $1 billion in 1997 and exceeded $2 billion in 2006. EBSCO Industries is a diverse company. EBSCO Publishing was established in 1984 as a print publication called Popular Magazine Review, featuring article abstracts from more than 300 magazines. In 1987 the company was purchased by EBSCO Industries and its name was changed to EBSCO Publishing, it employed around 750 people by 2007. In 2003 it acquired another database provider. In 2010 EBSCO purchased NetLibrary and in 2011, EBSCO Publishing took over H. W. Wilson Company, it merged with EBSCO Information Services on July 1, 2013. The merged business operates as EBSCO Information Services. In 2015 EBSCO acquired YBP Library Services from Baker & Taylor, renamed it GOBI Library Solutions; as of 2017, the President is Tim Collins. Databases: EBSCO provides a range of library database services. Many of the databases, such as MEDLINE and EconLit, are licensed from content vendors. Others, such as Academic Search, America: History & Life, Art Index, Art Abstracts, Art Full Text, Business Source, Clinical Reference Systems, Criminal Justice Abstracts, Education Abstracts, Environment Complete, Health Source, Historical Abstracts, History Reference Center, MasterFILE, NetLibrary, Primary Search, Professional Development Collection, USP DI are compiled by EBSCO itself.
Discovery: This product is used to create a unified, customized index of an institution's information resources, a means of accessing all the content from a single search box. The system works by harvesting metadata from both internal and external sources, creating a preindexed service. EBooks: EBSCO provides ebooks and audiobooks across a wide range of subject matter. EBSCO reports that their database includes over a million ebooks and 90,000 audiobooks from over 1500 publishers. DynaMed Plus is a clinical reference tool for physicians and other health care professionals for use at the point-of-care. DynaMed Plus ranked highest among 10 online clinical resources in a study in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology and had the highest overall performance in the disease reference product category in two successive reports on clinical decision support resources by KLAS, a research firm that specializes in monitoring and reporting the performance of healthcare vendors, it provides DRM-protected audio and DRM-protected audiobooks through its subsidiary NetLibrary, purchased in 2010 from Online Computer Library Center.
It competes in this market with OverDrive’s Digital Library Reserve. EBSCO has two large solar electric arrays, is converting its corporate fleet of cars to hybrids, has established a "Green Team" at its headquarters, has released GreenFILE, a free database designed to help people research the impact humans have on the environment. EBSCO was awarded a 2008 Environmental Merit Award Award from the United States Environmental Protection Agency's New England Office and was honored by the Special Library Association as "Green Champions" as part of the association's "Knowledge to Go Green" initiative on Earth Day 2009. EBSCO philanthropic initiatives include efforts to bridge the digital divide and work with the Open Society Foundations to provide essential research databases for universities in 39 developing countries. In 2012, the Stephens were recognized for their philanthropic work. In 2017, an anti-pornography organization, the National Center on Sexual Exploitation criticized EBSCO because its databases used in schools in the United States, "could be used to search for information about sexual terms."
The group said that some articles from Men's Health and other publications indexed by EBSCO included articles with sexual content and asserted that other articles in the database linked to websites that included pornography. EBSCO responded by saying that it took the complaint but was unaware of any case "of students using its databases to access pornography or other explicit materials" and that "the searches NCOSE was concerned about had been conducted by adults searching for graphic materials on home computers that don't have the kinds of controls and filters common on school computers." "Interview with Sam Brooks, Senior VP for Sales and Marketing with EBSCO Publishing, About H. W. Wilson"; the Charleston Advisor. Denver. 2011. Official website