Scotland Yard is a metonym for the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, the territorial police force responsible for policing most of London. The name derives from the location of the original Metropolitan Police headquarters at 4 Whitehall Place, which had a rear entrance on a street called Great Scotland Yard; the Scotland Yard entrance became the public entrance to the police station, over time the street and the Metropolitan Police became synonymous. The New York Times wrote in 1964 that just as Wall Street gave its name to New York's financial district, Scotland Yard became the name for police activity in London; the force moved from Great Scotland Yard in 1890, to a newly completed building on the Victoria Embankment, the name "New Scotland Yard" was adopted for the new headquarters. An adjacent building was completed in 1906. A third building was added in 1940. In 1967, the MPS moved its headquarters from the three-building complex to a tall, newly constructed building on Broadway in Victoria.
In summer 2013, it was announced that the force would move to the Curtis Green Building –, the third building of New Scotland Yard's previous site – and that the headquarters would be renamed Scotland Yard. In November 2016, MPS moved to its new headquarters, which continues to bear the name of "New Scotland Yard." Scotland Yard building is now owned by Indian billionaire Yusuff Ali M. A. chairman of Lulu Group International. The Metropolitan Police Service is responsible for law enforcement within Greater London, excluding the square mile of the City of London, covered by the City of London Police. Additionally, the London Underground and National Rail networks are the responsibility of the British Transport Police; the Metropolitan Police was formed by Robert Peel with the implementation of the Metropolitan Police Act, passed by Parliament in 1829. Peel, with the help of Eugène-François Vidocq, selected the original site on Whitehall Place for the new police headquarters; the first two commissioners, Charles Rowan and Richard Mayne, along with various police officers and staff, occupied the building.
A private house, 4 Whitehall Place backed onto a street called Great Scotland Yard. By 1887, the Metropolitan Police headquarters had expanded from 4 Whitehall Place into several neighbouring addresses, including 3, 5, 21 and 22 Whitehall Place; the service outgrew its original site, new headquarters were built on the Victoria Embankment, overlooking the River Thames, south of what is now the Ministry of Defence's headquarters. In 1888, during the construction of the new building, workers discovered the dismembered torso of a female. In 1890, police headquarters moved to the new location, named New Scotland Yard. By this time, the Metropolitan Police had grown from its initial 1,000 officers to about 13,000 and needed more administrative staff and a bigger headquarters. Further increases in the size and responsibilities of the force required more administrators and space. Therefore, new buildings were constructed and completed in 1906 and 1940, so that New Scotland Yard became a three-building complex..
The first two buildings are now a Grade I listed structure known as the Norman Shaw Buildings. The original building at 4 Whitehall Place still has a rear entrance on Great Scotland Yard. Stables for some of the mounted branch are still located at 7 Great Scotland Yard, across the street from the first headquarters. By the 1960s the requirements of modern technology and further increases in the size of the force meant that it had outgrown its three-building complex on Victoria Embankment. In 1967 New Scotland Yard moved to a newly constructed building on Broadway, an existing office block acquired under a long-term lease. From 1967 to 2016, the third building of the first New Scotland Yard was used as the base for the Met's Territorial Support Group; the Met's senior management team, who oversee the service, were based at New Scotland Yard at 10 Broadway, close to St. James's Park station, along with the Met's crime database; this uses a national computer system developed for major crime enquiries by all British forces, called Home Office Large Major Enquiry System, more referred to by the backronym HOLMES, which recognises the great fictional detective Sherlock Holmes.
The training programme is called'Elementary', after Holmes's well-known, yet apocryphal, phrase "elementary, my dear Watson". Administrative functions are based at the Empress State Building, communication handling at the three Metcall complexes, rather than at Scotland Yard. During the 2000s, a number of security measures were added to the exterior of New Scotland Yard, including concrete barriers in front of ground-level windows as a countermeasure against car bombing, a concrete wall around the entrance to the building, a covered walkway from the street to the entrance into the building. Armed officers from the Diplomatic Protection Group patrolled the exterior of the building along with security staff. In 2008, the Metropolitan Police Authority bought the freehold of the building for around £120 million. In May 2013 the Metropolitan Police confirmed that the New Scotland Yard building on Broadway would be sold and the force's headquarters would be moved back to the Curtis Green Building on the Victoria Emb
Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city; the city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of, Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with cold, snowy winters. In 2016, the city had a population of 1,704,694, with a population of 1,942,044 in the urban agglomeration, including all of the other municipalities on the Island of Montreal; the broader metropolitan area had a population of 4,098,927. French is the city's official language and is the language spoken at home by 49.8% of the population of the city, followed by English at 22.8% and 18.3% other languages. In the larger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area, 65.8% of the population speaks French at home, compared to 15.3% who speak English.
The agglomeration Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with over 59% of the population able to speak both English and French. Montreal is the second-largest French-speaking city in the world, after Paris, it is situated 258 kilometres south-west of Quebec City. The commercial capital of Canada, Montreal was surpassed in population and in economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s, it remains an important centre of commerce, transport, pharmaceuticals, design, art, tourism, fashion, gaming and world affairs. Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America, serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006. In 2017, Montreal was ranked the 12th most liveable city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit in its annual Global Liveability Ranking, the best city in the world to be a university student in the QS World University Rankings. Montreal has hosted multiple international conferences and events, including the 1967 International and Universal Exposition and the 1976 Summer Olympics.
It is the only Canadian city to have held the Summer Olympics. In 2018, Montreal was ranked as an Alpha− world city; as of 2016 the city hosts the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One, the Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs festival. In the Mohawk language, the island is called Tiohtià:ke Tsi, it is a name referring to the Lachine Rapids to the island's Ka-wé-no-te. It means "a place where nations and rivers unite and divide". In the Ojibwe language, the land is called Mooniyaang which means "the first stopping place" and is part of the seven fires prophecy; the city was first named Ville Marie by European settlers from La Flèche, or "City of Mary", named for the Virgin Mary. Its current name comes from the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. According to one theory, the name derives from mont Réal,. A possibility by the Government of Canada on its web site concerning Canadian place names, is that the name was adopted as it is written nowadays because an early map of 1556 used the Italian name of the mountain, Monte Real.
Archaeological evidence demonstrates that First Nations native people occupied the island of Montreal as early as 4,000 years ago. By the year AD 1000, they had started to cultivate maize. Within a few hundred years, they had built fortified villages; the Saint Lawrence Iroquoians, an ethnically and culturally distinct group from the Iroquois nations of the Haudenosaunee based in present-day New York, established the village of Hochelaga at the foot of Mount Royal two centuries before the French arrived. Archeologists have found evidence of their habitation there and at other locations in the valley since at least the 14th century; the French explorer Jacques Cartier visited Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, estimated the population of the native people at Hochelaga to be "over a thousand people". Evidence of earlier occupation of the island, such as those uncovered in 1642 during the construction of Fort Ville-Marie, have been removed. Seventy years the French explorer Samuel de Champlain reported that the St Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St Lawrence valley.
This is believed to be due to epidemics of European diseases, or intertribal wars. In 1611 Champlain established a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal, on a site named La Place Royale. At the confluence of Petite Riviere and St. Lawrence River, it is where present-day Pointe-à-Callière stands. On his 1616 map, Samuel de Champlain named the island Lille de Villemenon, in honour of the sieur de Villemenon, a French dignitary, seeking the viceroyship of New France. In 1639 Jérôme Le Royer de La Dauversière obtained the Seigneurial title to the Island of Montreal in the name of the Notre Dame Society of Montreal to establish a Roman Catholic mission to evangelize natives. Dauversiere hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve 30, to lead a group of colonists to build a mission on his new seigneury; the colonists left France in 1641 for Quebec, arrived on the island the following year. On May 17, 1642, Ville-Marie was founded on the southern shore of Montreal is
Captain Clegg (film)
Captain Clegg is a 1962 British adventure horror film directed by Peter Graham Scott and produced by Hammer Film Productions. It is loosely based on Doctor Syn, created by Russell Thorndike, stars Peter Cushing, Yvonne Romain and Patrick Allen. In 1776, a mulatto sailor is marooned on an island after assaulting the wife of pirate captain Nathaniel Clegg. By 1792, Clegg has been captured by the Royal Navy and hanged, his resting place is the coastal village of Dymchurch on the Romney Marsh. The surrounding countryside is home to the "Marsh Phantoms": figures on horseback who ride by night and bring terror to the village. Captain Collier and his band of sailors arrive in Dymchurch to investigate reports that the locals are involved in the smuggling of alcohol from France, they are accompanied by the mulatto, mute after his tongue was cut out sixteen years earlier, whom Collier saved from death and now keeps as a slave. As Collier's men ransack an ale house run by Rash and his ward Imogène, the mulatto uncovers a hidden cellar.
Ostensibly a varnish store, this is connected by a secret passageway to the home of coffin-maker Jeremiah Mipps, which serves as the smugglers' headquarters. The smugglers are led by the village parson Dr Blyss, whom the mulatto inexplicably attacks before being subdued by the sailors; that night, the smugglers succeed in transporting a consignment to a nearby windmill for onward shipment, although squire's son Harry, Imogène's secret fiancé, is wounded when he is shot in the arm by the pursuing Collier. Back at the ale house, Rash kills one of the sailors to prevent the smuggling operation from being exposed; this frees the mulatto. Collier, who spent years chasing Clegg, becomes suspicious of Blyss when the mulatto makes a second attempt on the parson's life. At Blyss's house, Rash finds testament. Learning that Imogène is Clegg's daughter, he attempts to take advantage of her compromised situation to rape her, but she escapes and flees to Blyss’s home. There and Harry both tell her they were aware of her relationship to Clegg.
After consoling Imogène, Harry confronts Rash but is arrested by Collier when the captain notices the young man's bandaged arm. Harry is led away to Collier's ship as a hostage but escapes when the Marsh Phantoms appear, distracting the sailors; the Phantoms, who are villagers in disguise, take Harry and Imogène to the church, where they are hurriedly married by Blyss before leaving to start their life together. Collier announces that Clegg's grave is empty, he tears off Blyss's collar to reveal the rope burns from an unsuccessful hanging, exposing the parson as Clegg. Clegg declares that his executioner spared his life and that he wished only to help the inhabitants of Dymchurch live comfortably. A struggle breaks out between the villagers and the sailors, enabling Clegg to flee with Mipps via the secret passageway. However, on emerging at the coffin-maker's house they run into the mulatto, who has murdered Rash and fatally impales Clegg with a spear before being shot dead by Mipps. In the film's closing scene, the villagers look on and Collier and the sailors salute as Mipps sorrowfully places Clegg's body in the open grave.
Peter Cushing as Parson Blyss/Captain Clegg Yvonne Romain as Imogene Patrick Allen as Captain Collier Oliver Reed as Harry Michael Ripper as Mipps David Lodge as Bosun Derek Francis as Squire Jack MacGowran as Frightened man Peter Halliday as 1st sailor Martin Benson as Rash Daphne Anderson as Mrs. Rash Milton Reid as Mulatto Terry Scully as 2nd sailor Rupert Osborn as Gerry Sydney Bromley as Tom Ketch Gordon Rollings as Wurzel Bob Head as Peg-leg Colin Douglas as Pirate bosun In North America, the film was released on 6 September 2005 along with seven other Hammer horror films on the 4-DVD set The Hammer Horror Series, part of MCA-Universal's "Franchise Collection"; this set was re-released on Blu-ray September 13, 2016. A Blu-ray was released in the UK on 23 June 2014 by Final Cut Entertainment. Variety was moderately positive, writing that the film had a "good" screenplay and "savvy" direction, "and the range of technical credits are all on the plus side Arthur Grant's photography." The Monthly Film Bulletin was negative, writing, "The script is feeble, the acting, apart from Patrick Allen's forceful hero and the obsession with injury and death more dispiriting than ever."Among reviews and film critic Leonard Maltin awarded the film three and a half out of four stars, calling it "good fun with some scary moments."
Donald Guarisco from Allmovie called it "one of the best Hammer Films productions", praising the film's imaginative script, colorful characterizations. Captain Clegg on IMDb
The Wild Geese
The Wild Geese is a 1978 British-Swiss war film directed by Andrew V. McLaglen about a group of mercenaries in Africa, it stars Richard Burton, Roger Moore, Richard Harris, Hardy Krüger. The film was the result of a long-held ambition of its producer Euan Lloyd to make an all-star adventure film similar to The Guns of Navarone or Where Eagles Dare; the same producer and director were responsible for The Sea Wolves. This was the last film from Allied Artists, before closing from bankruptcy; the screenplay by Reginald Rose was based on an unpublished novel titled The Thin White Line by Daniel Carney. The film was named The Wild Geese after the Wild Goose flag and shoulder patch used by Michael "Mad Mike" Hoare's Five Commando, ANC, which in turn was inspired by a 17th-century Irish mercenary army. Carney's novel was subsequently published by Corgi Books under the same title as the film; the novel was based upon rumours and speculation following the 1968 landing of a mysterious aeroplane in Rhodesia, said to have been loaded with mercenaries and "an African president" believed to have been a dying Moïse Tshombe.
Allen Faulkner, a former British Army colonel turned mercenary, arrives in London to meet merchant banker Sir Edward Matheson. The latter proposes an operation to rescue Julius Limbani, the imprisoned President of a southern African nation, due for execution by General Ndofa. President Limbani is held in a remote prison in Zembala, guarded by a regiment of General Ndofa's troops known as the "Simbas". Faulkner accepts the assignment and begins recruiting forty-nine mercenaries, including officers he had worked with previously: Capt. Rafer Janders, a skilled tactician, Lt. Shawn Fynn, a former RAF pilot. Fynn brings in Pieter Coetzee, a former soldier in the South African Defence Force who wishes only to return home and buy a farm; the mercenaries fly to Swaziland. Before the operation begins, Janders exacts a promise from Faulkner to watch over his only son, should he not survive; because of an unexpected development, Faulkner is given only a day's notice to launch the mission. On Christmas Day, the 50-man mercenary group parachute into Zembala via HALO jump.
One group rescues an alive, though sick, Limbani from a guarded prison, while another group takes over a small, nearby airfield to await pickup. Back in London, Matheson cancels the extraction flight at the last moment, having secured copper mining assets from General Ndofa in exchange for President Limbani. Stranded deep in hostile territory, the abandoned mercenaries fight their way through bush country, pursued by the Simbas. Many men, including Coetzee, are killed along the way; the mercenaries make their way to Limbani's home village, hoping to start a rebellion, but discover his people would not have a chance. An Irish missionary living there informs the group of an old Douglas Dakota transport aircraft nearby that they can use to escape; as the Simbas close in, the mercenaries hold them off in a climatic battle sequence while Fynn starts the Dakota's engines, suffering heavy casualties. Janders is shot in the leg and unable to board the departing airplane. Faulkner is forced to torture.
The thirteen surviving mercenaries manage to land at Kariba Airport, but Limbani dies from a gunshot wound sustained during the escape. Some months Faulkner returns to London and breaks into Matheson's home, forcing him to disgorge the cash in his wall safe — half a million dollars — to compensate the survivors and the families of those who died. Faulkner kills Matheson and makes a swift getaway with Fynn. Faulkner fulfills his promise to Janders by visiting Emile at his boarding school; the film was based on The Wild Geese, which Euan Lloyd read prior to publication. He hired Reginald Rose to write the screenplay; the budget was US$9 million. United Artists was enthusiastic about the film, but insisted Lloyd give the director's job to Michael Winner. Lloyd refused and instead chose Andrew V. McLaglen, son of Victor McLaglen, a British-born American known for making westerns. Euan Lloyd had a friendship with John Ford; the finance for the film was raised by pre-selling it to distributors based on the script and the names of the stars who were set to appear.
This became a more common practice in the film industry, but was unusual at the time. Although Lloyd had both Richard Burton and Roger Moore in mind for their respective roles from a early stage, other casting decisions were more difficult; as the mercenaries were composed of military veterans, it was necessary to cast a number of older actors and extras into these physically demanding roles. A number of veterans and actual mercenary soldiers appeared in the film. Northern Irish actor Stephen Boyd, a close friend of Lloyd's, was set to star as Sandy Young, the sergeant major who trains the mercenaries before their mission. However, Boyd died shortly before filming commenced and Jack Watson was chosen as a late replacement, he had played a similar role in McLaglen's 1968 film The Devil's Brigade. Lloyd had offered the part of the banker Matheson to his friend Joseph Cotten. However, scheduling difficulties meant that he had to be replaced, this time by Stewart Granger. Burt Lancaster hoped to play the part of Rafer Janders who in Carney's book was an American living in London.
However, Lancaster wanted the part altered and enlarged. The producers in his place chose Richard Harris. Lloyd had reservations about casting Harris because of his wild reputat
The Saint (TV series)
The Saint is a British ITC mystery spy thriller television series that aired in the United Kingdom on ITV between 1962 and 1969. It was based on the literary character Simon Templar created by Leslie Charteris in the 1920s and featured in many novels over the years, he was played by Roger Moore. Templar helps those whom conventional agencies are powerless or unwilling to protect using methods that skirt the law. Chief Inspector Claud Eustace Teal is his nominal nemesis who considers Templar a common criminal, but grudgingly tolerates his actions for the greater good. NBC picked up the show as a summer replacement in its evening schedule in 1966 because of the strong performance in the United States of the first two series in first-run syndication; the programme, ended its run with both trans-Atlantic primetime scheduling and colour episodes. It proved popular beyond the UK and US airing in over 60 countries, made a profit in excess of £350m for ITC. With 120 episodes, the programme is exceeded only by The Avengers as the most productive show of its genre produced in the UK.
As with The Avengers, the colour episodes were broadcast in the UK in black and white before the advent of colour transmissions on ITV. Roger Moore had earlier tried to buy the production rights to the Saint books himself, was delighted to be able to play the part. Moore became co-owner of the show with Robert S. Baker when the show moved to colour and the production credit became Bamore Productions. Most of the wardrobe Moore wore, he was offered the role of James Bond at least twice during the run of the series, but he had to turn it down both times due to his television commitments. In one early episode of the series, another character mistakes Templar for Bond. Moore accepted the Bond role. Moore had a few recurring co-stars Ivor Dean, who played Templar's nemesis, Inspector Teal. In three early episodes, Teal had been played by Campbell Singer, Norman Pitt, Wensley Pithey. Teal's relationship with Templar was broadly similar to that depicted in the novels, but in the series, he is depicted as bungling, rather than Charteris's characterisation of him as an officious, unimaginative policeman.
When in France, Templar had a similar relationship with Colonel Latignant. Latignant is depicted as being less competent than Teal, is keener than Teal to find Templar guilty, though Templar helps him solve the case. Unlike Teal, Latignant did not appear in Charteris's novels. In all, Inspector Teal featured in Colonel Latignant in six; the Saint began as a straightforward mystery series, but over the years adopted more secret agent- and fantasy-style plots. It made a well-publicised switch from black-and-white to colour production midway through its run; the early episodes are distinguished by Moore breaking the fourth wall and speaking to the audience in character at the start of every episode. With the switch to colour, this was replaced by simple narration; the precredits sequence ended with someone referring to the Saint by name – "Simon Templar". Some episodes, such as "Iris", broke away from this formula and had Templar address the audience for the entire precredits sequence and referring to himself by name, setting up the story that followed.
Many episodes were based upon Charteris's stories, although a higher percentage of original scripts were used as the series progressed. The novel Vendetta for the Saint, credited to Charteris but written by Harry Harrison, was one of the last Saint stories to be adapted; some of the scripts were novelised and published as part of the ongoing series of The Saint novels, such as The Fiction Makers and The People Importers. The first of these books, which gave cover credit to Charteris, but were written by others, was The Saint on TV, the series of novelisations continued for several years after the television programme had ended. Templar's car, when it appeared, was a white Volvo P1800 with the number plate ST1; this model Volvo is still referred to as "the Saint's car", with miniature versions made by Corgi which have proved popular. Volvo was pleased to supply their introduced car in 1962 for its promotional value, after Jaguar Cars had rejected a request from the producers to provide an E-type.
Unlike its contemporary rival, The Avengers, The Saint was shot on film from the beginning, whereas the first three series of the other series were videotaped, with minimal location shooting. All episodes of The Saint were syndicated abroad; the black-and-white series were first syndicated in the US by NBC affiliate stations in 1967 and 1968, 32 of the 47 colour episodes were broadcast by NBC from 1968 to 1969, have since played in syndication in the US for many years after. Most series are available on DVD in North America. Two two-part episodes from series 6, "Vendetta for the Saint" and "The Fiction Makers", were made into feature films and distributed to theatres in Europe, show up on late-night television in America, they are available on DVD. In the UK, ITV4 has broadcast colour episodes. In the US, FamilyNet and RTV have airied both the colour episodes. Me-TV has broadcast the series. In March 2015, the
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
Sherlock Holmes (1984 TV series)
Sherlock Holmes is the overall title given to the series of Sherlock Holmes adaptations produced by the British television company Granada Television between 1984 and 1994. The first two series were shown under the title The Adventures Of Sherlock Holmes and were followed by subsequent series with the titles of other short story collections by Arthur Conan Doyle; the series was broadcast on the ITV network in the UK and starred Jeremy Brett as the famous detective. His portrayal remains popular and is accepted by some as the definitive on-screen version of Sherlock Holmes. In addition, Holmes's faithful friend and companion Dr. Watson is portrayed as the kind of competent sidekick that Holmes would want. Watson was portrayed by David Burke. Burke appeared in the first year of the Adventures series before leaving to join the Royal Shakespeare Company, he was replaced by Edward Hardwicke. Of the 60 Holmes stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, 42 were adapted in the series spanning 36 one-hour episodes and five feature-length specials..
Set in the late Victorian era, Sherlock Holmes is the world’s only consulting detective. His practice is with private clients, but he is known to assist the police in the shape of Inspector Lestrade, when their cases overlap, his clients range from private citizens of modest means to members of Royalty. His ability to spot clues overlooked by others, bring certain specialist knowledge - for example chemistry, anatomy - and deductive reasoning to bear on problems enable him solve the most complex cases, he is assisted in his work by military veteran Dr John Watson, with whom he shares a flat at 221B Baker Street. He craves mental stimulation, is known to relapse into depression when there are insufficiently complex cases to engage him. Jeremy Brett as Sherlock Holmes David Burke as Dr. John H. Watson Edward Hardwicke as Dr. John H. Watson Rosalie Williams as Mrs Hudson Colin Jeavons as Inspector Lestrade Eric Porter as Professor Moriarty Charles Gray as Mycroft Holmes The series was produced by Michael Cox, with episodes produced by June Wyndham Davies.
It was developed for television by screenwriter John Hawkesworth, who wrote many of the episodes. Other writers to adapt Doyle's stories in the series included Alexander Baron, Jeremy Paul, T. R. Bowen, Alan Plater. A full-scale outdoor replica of Baker Street was constructed at Granada's studios in Quay Street, which formed a central part of the Granada Studios Tour tourist attraction, before that venue's closure in 1999. In addition to Brett and Hardwicke, other regular cast members included Rosalie Williams as housekeeper Mrs. Hudson, Colin Jeavons as Inspector Lestrade of Scotland Yard. Appearing in several episodes was Charles Gray as Holmes' brother Mycroft Holmes, Eric Porter who portrayed Holmes's nemesis Professor Moriarty in the second series of Adventures; the role of the servant Joe Barnes who impersonates Lady Beatrice in the 1991 episode The Adventure of Shoscombe Old Place was played by Jude Law, who played Dr. Watson in the 2009 film Sherlock Holmes and its 2011 sequel Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows.
Helen Ryan made two guest appearances in the show as different characters, appearing in The Adventure of the Norwood Builder as Mrs McFarlane, in The Adventure of the Mazarin Stone as the Princess of Wales. Inspector Bradstreet appeared in "The Blue Carbuncle", played by Brian Miller and in "The Man with the Twisted Lip", "The Adventure of the Bruce Partington-Plans" and "The Mazarin Stone", played by Denis Lill; the series came to an end owing to the death of Brett at the age of 61 from heart failure in 1995. The series is considered to present the most faithful screen adaptations of many of the Holmes stories, although liberties were taken with some plotlines and characters later in the run during the 1990s episodes. A big change was Holmes quitting his cocaine habit in the episode "The Devil's Foot,", done with the approval of Conan Doyle's daughter, when it was discovered that the series had a considerable child audience. Nonetheless, the series has been praised for the performance of Jeremy Brett, its adherence to Doyle's original concept in the characterisation of Watson, its high production values, its close attention to period detail.
As well as being broadcast by ITV in the UK, the series was seen overseas in the United States, where the episodes ran on PBS stations in the Mystery! strand. Series gained co-production funding from Boston PBS broadcaster WGBH; the shows have been transmitted on two US cable television stations, Disney Channel and A&E Network, on CBC in Canada. In the UK, the series has been repeated: on Granada Plus; this makes it one of the few programme