Patrick Blanc

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Vertical garden of the Musée du Quai Branly in 2012.
Halles, Avignon (2005) at the date of creation.
Patrick Blanc, Centre commercial des quatre Temps (2006), La Défense, (Puteaux).

Patrick Blanc (born June 3, 1953, Paris) is a French botanist, working at the French National Centre for Scientific Research,[1] where he specializes in plants from tropical forests. He is the modern innovator of the green wall, yet recent scholarship on the subject suggest that the vertical garden (aka. Green Wall, Botanical Brick) was invented by Professor Stanley Hart White at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign in 1938. Professor White patented the first known Vertical Garden, or "Vegetation-Bearing Architectonic Structure and System", as a treatise on modern garden design, predating Patrick Blancs contemporary patents by nearly 50 years [2][3] Although Blanc did not invent the vertical garden, he is responsible for modernizing and popularizing the garden type. Blanc describes his vertical garden as follows:

This type of achievement exemplifies Blanc's ideas as a scientist and also the 15th target of the Haute Qualité Environnementale ("High Quality Environment") project, although the latter gives particular stress to use of more local species, at least outdoors.

In 2009 he was awarded an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects.[4]


Green walls
Other works


  • 1990 : Biologie d'une canopée de forêt équatoriale : rapport de Mission Radeau des cimes, octobre-novembre 1989, Petit Saut, - Guyane française, ("Biology under an equatorial forest: report of Study Radeus, October–November 1989, French Guiana, a collective study under the direction of Francis Hallé et Patrick Blanc, Departement of Industry and xylochemistry
  • 2002 : Être plante à l'ombre des forêts tropicales ("Putting plants in the light of tropical forests"), Éditions Nathan
  • 2005 : Le bonheur d'être plante, ("The pleasure of being a plant"), Éditions Maren Sell (ISBN 2-350-04018-6)
  • 2007 : Folies végétales ("Plants' follies"), (lecture, Paris), éditions Chêne
  • 2008 : Le Mur Végétal, de la nature à la ville ("The green wall in town and country"), éditions Michel Lafon

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