Quincy Delight Jones Jr. is an American record producer, musician and film producer. His career spans six decades in the entertainment industry with a record 80 Grammy Award nominations, 28 Grammys, a Grammy Legend Award in 1992. Jones came to prominence in the 1950s as a jazz arranger and conductor, before moving on to work in pop music and film scores. In 1969, Jones and his songwriting partner Bob Russell became the first African-Americans to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song, for "The Eyes of Love" from the film Banning. Jones was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Score for his work on the 1967 film In Cold Blood, making him the first African-American to be nominated twice in the same year. In 1971, he became the first African-American to be the musical director and conductor of the Academy Awards ceremony. In 1995, he was the first African-American to receive the Academy's Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award, he has tied with sound designer Willie D. Burton as the second most Oscar-nominated African-American, with seven nominations each.
Jones was the producer, with Michael Jackson, of Jackson's albums Off the Wall and Bad, as well as the producer and conductor of the 1985 charity song "We Are the World", which raised funds for victims of famine in Ethiopia. In 2013, Jones was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame as the winner, alongside Lou Adler, of the Ahmet Ertegun Award, he was named one of the most influential jazz musicians of the 20th century by Time magazine. Quincy Delight Jones Jr. was born on the South Side of Chicago on March 14, 1933, the son of Sarah Frances, a bank officer and apartment complex manager, Quincy Delight Jones Sr. a semi-professional baseball player and carpenter from Kentucky. Jones' paternal grandmother was an ex-slave in Louisville, Jones would discover that his paternal grandfather was Welsh. With the help of the author Alex Haley in 1972 and Mormon researchers in Salt Lake City, Jones discovered that his mother's ancestors included James Lanier, a relative of poet Sidney Lanier. Jones said, "He had a baby with my great-grandmother, my grandmother was born there.
We traced this all the way back to the Laniers, the same family as Tennessee Williams." Learning that the Lanier immigrant ancestors were French Huguenots who had court musicians among their ancestors, Jones attributed some of his musicianship to them. For the 2006 PBS television program African American Lives, Jones had his DNA tested, genealogists researched his family history again, his DNA revealed he is African but is 34% European in ancestry, on both sides of his family. Research showed that he has English, French and Welsh ancestry through his father, his mother's side is of West and Central African descent the Tikar people of Cameroon. His mother had European ancestry, such as Lanier male ancestors who fought for the Confederacy, making him eligible for Sons of Confederate Veterans. Among his ancestors is Betty Washington Lewis, a sister of president George Washington. Jones is a direct descendant of Edward I of England, whose ancestors included French, Polish and Swiss nobility. Jones' family moved to Chicago as part of the Great Migration.
Jones had a younger brother, who became an engineer for the Seattle television station KOMO-TV and died in 1998. Jones was introduced to music by his mother, who always sang religious songs, by his next-door neighbor, Lucy Jackson; when Jones was five or six, Jackson played stride piano next door, he would listen through the walls. Lucy recalled; when Jones was young, his mother suffered from a schizophrenic breakdown and was admitted to a mental institution. His father divorced his mother and married Elvera Jones, who had three children of her own named Waymond and Katherine. Elvera and Quincy Sr. had three children together: Jeanette and future U. S. District Judge Richard. In 1943, Jones and his family moved to Bremerton, where his father got a wartime job at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. After the war, the family moved to Seattle. In high school, he developed his skills as a arranger, his classmates included Charles Taylor, who played saxophone and whose mother, Evelyn Bundy, was one of Seattle's first society jazz band leaders.
Jones and Taylor began playing music together, at the age of 14 they played with a National Reserve band. Jones has said he got much more experience with music growing up in a smaller city because he otherwise would have faced too much competition. At age 14, Jones introduced himself to 16-year-old Ray Charles after watching him play at the Black Elks Club. Jones cites Charles as an early inspiration for his own music career, noting that Charles overcame a disability to achieve his musical goals, he has credited his father's sturdy work ethic with giving him the means to proceed and his loving strength with holding the family together. Jones has said his father had a rhyming motto: "Once a task is just begun, never leave until it's done. Be the labor great or small, do it well or not at all." In 1951, Jones earned a scholarship to Seattle University, where a young Clint Eastwood—also a music major—watched him play in the college band. After one semester, Jones transferred to what is now the Berklee College of Music in Boston on another scholarship.
While studying at Berklee, he played at Izzy Ort's Bar & Grille with Bunny Campbell and Preston Sandiford, whom he cited as important musical influences. He left his studies after receiving an offer to tour as a trumpeter, p
National Soccer Hall of Fame
The National Soccer Hall of Fame is a private, non-profit institution established in 1979 located in Toyota Stadium in Frisco, Texas, a suburb of Dallas. The Hall of Fame honors soccer achievements in the United States. Induction into the hall is considered the highest honor in American soccer; the Hall of Fame was founded in 1950 by the Philadelphia "Old-timers" Association, a group of former professional and amateur soccer players that wanted to recognize the achievements of soccer in America. The Hall of Fame museum opened on June 12, 1999 in Oneonta, NY; the museum featured the hall of fame, a library, an interactive soccer play area. The United States National Soccer Team Players Association partnered with the Hall of Fame to create the Time In program, which honored people with a connection to soccer battling leukemia. Since the disease disproportionately targets children a majority of the honorees were youth soccer players. Prior to the 2005 induction of the "Magnificent Five" individuals from the early and mid 20th century had been ignored.
This change was brought about by the acquisition of a large volume of historical records relating to this period. These records combined with developed eligibility criteria led to the induction of Tommy Fleming, Alex McNab, Johnny Nelson, Werner Nilsen and Fabri Salcedo; the notable careers of these five players all took place prior to 1950. The "Magnificent Five" were inducted posthumously into the Hall of Fame in August 2005. Sports Illustrated reported on September 4, 2009, that the Hall announced it would be closing to the public, it was open only on certain match days. As a result of financial difficulties the Hall of Fame cut six of its nine employees during that same month; the director of the Hall of Fame for 10 years, Jack Huckel, left his position on December 18, 2009. On February 10, 2010, it was announced that the Hall would close its facility, though inductions will continue. In September 2015, it was announced that a new Hall of Fame museum would be built at Toyota Stadium in Frisco, the home of Major League Soccer club FC Dallas.
The new museum opened during the 2018 Enshrinement Ceremony on October 20, 2018. This new facility features additional memorabilia from soccer legends and high-tech, interactive exhibits. After the museum was closed, a collection of more than 80,000 items was distributed to various locations across the country, including the headquarters of Eurosport, a long-term corporate sponsor, in Hillsborough, North Carolina; the collection includes the following notable items: The oldest soccer ball made in the United States The 1991, 1999 and 2015 FIFA Women’s World Cup Trophies The North American Soccer League archive The 1994 FIFA World Cup U. S. archive A rare soccer photography collection from New York depression-era photographer John Albok Materials from the U. S. national teams in World Cup competition Artifacts from the American Soccer League of the 1920s and 1950s. Pelé’s New York Cosmos jersey; the Lamar Hunt Open Cup trophy. Mia Hamm’s cleats. Commemorations of the first U. S. World Cup team in 1930.
Eligible individuals may be inducted into one of three categories: Player and Veteran. New individuals are inducted annually. To be eligible in the Player category, an individual must have met number 1, either number 2 or number 3, of the following three criteria: Retired as a player for at least three years, but for no more than 10 years Played at least 20 full international games for the United States; this requirement is reduced to 10 games if the games were prior to 1990. Played at least five seasons in an American first-division professional league, won either the league championship, or the U. S. Open was selected as a league all-star at least once. Players who have met either no. 2 or no. 3 but who retired more than 10 years ago are automatically placed on the veteran eligibility list. To be eligible in this category, an individual must have made his or her mark in soccer in a non-playing capacity and have had a major and positive impact on soccer in the United States at a national or first division professional level.
Due to the broad, general nature of the criteria, nominations for this category may be considered. Nominations are screened by the Hall of Fame Historian and Researcher who submit their recommendations to the Hall as to the appropriateness of the nominee's inclusion on the eligibility list; the National Soccer Hall of Fame's Medal of Honor is the highest honor given to people who have grown the sport of soccer in the United States. The Medal is awarded to individuals who has "demonstrated vision and played an historic role in changing the course of soccer in America." The Medal has been given out only four times in history. In 2009, the Hall of fame inducted Jeff Agoos and Joy Fawcett into the Hall of Fame in the player category. In 2010, Thomas Dooley and Preki Radosavljević were inducted in the player category, Kyle Rote, Jr. in the Veteran category and Bruce Arena in the Builder category. On February 17, 2011, the Hall of Fame announced the candidates eligible for induction into the Hall of Fame in 2011.
This list included individuals for all three categories, Player and Builder. On March 29, 2011, the Hall of Fame announced that Cobi Jones, Eddie Pope and Earnie Stewart had been elected for induction into the Hall of Fame in the 2011 Player category. Bruce Murray was selected in the Veteran category, Bob Gansler was elected in the Builder category. On January 31, 2012, the United States Soccer Federation announced that the ballots were finalized for the Class of 2012. Voting began on the day of the announcement and will continue until February 17. Twelve players were added to the ballot after qualifying for the first time, they included Tony Meola, Claudio Reyna
Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards score more goals on behalf of their team than other players. Modern team formations include one to three forwards. Unconventional formations may include none; the traditional role of a centre-forward is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. The player may be used to win long balls or receive passes and retain possession of the ball with their back to goal as teammates advance, in order to provide depth for their team or help teammates score by providing a pass. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the second strikers or central attacking midfielders, do the majority of the ball handling outside the box; the present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder in the 4–3–1–2 or 4–1–2–1–2 formations.
The term "target man" is used to describe a particular type of striker whose main role is to win high balls in the air and create chances for other members of the team. These players are tall and physically strong, being adept at heading the ball; the term centre-forward is taken from the early football playing formation in which there were five forward players: two outside forwards, two inside forwards, one centre-forward. When numbers were introduced in the 1933 English FA Cup final, one of the two centre-forwards that day wore the number nine – Everton's Dixie Dean a strong, powerful forward who had set the record for the most goals scored in a season in English football during the 1927–28 season; the number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. The role of a striker is rather different from that of a traditional centre-forward, although the terms centre-forward and striker are used interchangeably at times, as both play further up the field than other players, while tall and technical players, like Zlatan Ibrahimović, have qualities which are suited to both positions.
Like the centre-forward, the traditional role of a striker is to score goals. They are fast players with good ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short bursts of speed. A good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, have the ability to link-up with teammates and pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. While many strikers wear the number 9 shirt, the position, to a lesser degree, is associated with the number 10, worn by more creative deep-lying forwards such as Pelé, with numbers 7 and 11, which are associated with wingers. Deep-lying forwards have a long history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years; such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards. More two more variations of this old type of player have developed: the second, or shadow, or support, or auxiliary striker and, in what is in fact a distinct position unto its own, the number 10, exemplified by Dennis Bergkamp.
Other number 10s who play further back, such as Diego Maradona and Zinedine Zidane, are described as an attacking midfielder or the playmaker. The second striker position is a loosely defined and most misapplied description of a player positioned somewhere between the out-and-out striker, whether he is a "target-man" or more of a "poacher", the Number 10 or attacking midfielder, while showing some of the characteristics of both. In fact, a term coined by French advanced playmaker Michel Platini, the "nine-and-a-half", which he used to describe Roberto Baggio's playing role, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. Conceivably, a Number 10 can alternate as a second-striker provided that he is a prolific goalscorer. Second or support strikers do not tend to get as involved in the orchestration of attacks as the Number 10, nor do they bring as many other players into play, since they do not share the burden of responsibility, functioning predominantly as assist providers.
In Italy, this role is known as a "rifinitore" or "seconda punta", whereas in Brazil, it is known as "segundo atacante" or "ponta-de-lança". The position of inside forward was popularly used in the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries; the inside forwards would support the centre-forward and making space in the opposition defence, and, as the passing game developed, supporting him or her with passes. The role is broadly analogous to the "hole" or second striker position in the modern game, although here there were two such players, known as inside right and inside left. In early 2–3–5 formations the inside-forwards would flank the centre-forward on both sides. With the advent of
Lenasia is a racially segregated Indian township south of Soweto in Gauteng Province, South Africa. It is part of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality. Lenasia is 35 kilometres southwest of the Johannesburg central business district and 45 kilometres south of the Sandton central business district. Apartheid-era planners situated the group area for Johannesburg's Indians near the Lenz Military Base, it originates from 1958. The name "Lenasia" is thought to be a combination of the words "Lenz" and "Asia"; the Lenz in question was one Captain Lenz. Many of its early residents were forcibly removed under the Group Areas Act from Pageview and Fordsburg, non-racial areas close to the Johannesburg city centre, to Lenasia; as segregation grew it became the largest place where people of Indian extraction could live in the Transvaal Province. The township is large, divided into extensions including a major suburb south of Lenasia, called Lenasia South and referred to as Daxina by the locals.
The younger generation tend to travel out of Lenasia to work for the big corporates. The growing population of Lenasia is a huge concern, as no additional land is being zoned for suburban development. Hence properties soar to exorbitant prices, making it more and more difficult for entry level income earners to afford to live there. Many of the younger generation are now beginning to move out of the suburb because of increasing home prices, major traffic congestion en route to the city, as well as wanting to live in a more multicultural environment. Although still a predominantly Indian area, Lenasia today is a more cosmopolitan and diverse suburb, providing a place to live for local coloured and African people, as well as recent immigrants and refugees. Weather in Lenasia is 2-3 degrees cooler than central Johannesburg due to the town being situated within a valley, which means that north-facing slopes can be used for low-cost housing. Lenasia is now a thriving community; the growing suburb has shopping malls, mandirs, mosques and various industrial and commercial sectors such as Kulfi Ice-cream and DB Sweets which are familiar household business names.
It boasts takeaways such as Akhalwayas known for its famous fish and chips and Delhi Delicious for its pies. It boasts numerous other restaurants with well known franchises such as KFC,Wimpy, McDonald's and Burger King There are several prominent publications and newspapers based in Lenasia such as Lenasia Times, the Rising Sun Newspaper. Four satellite radio stations, Radio Islam, Eastwave FM,Channel Islam International and Lenz Fm broadcast from Lenasia. Lenasia embraced the digital age when in 2002 a community website lenzinfo was launched, which keeps the community informed on happenings, sports events and cultural activities and general information, it is located in Region G of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality. The community of Lenasia played a prominent role in opposing the national tri-cameral elections held in 1984 and 1989 under the apartheid era National Party government; this was an attempt to create separate legislative assemblies in South Africa for Whites and Coloureds in order to entrench racial segregation and perpetuate the disenfranchisement of the African majority in South Africa.
Lenasia played a role in the creation and activities of the United Democratic Front, the mass democratic movement that opposed apartheid in the 1980s and early 1990s before the unbanning of the African National Congress. Many of Lenasia's residents played a prominent role in the UDF structures and the broader anti-apartheid movement; some of these activists became senior political figures after the first national democratic elections in 1994. One of many annual community events occurring at Lenasia's Rose Park in September 2012; this is a popular venue amongst Lenasia residents for public events and for family relaxation on weekends. The park, which consists of aesthetically pleasant rose bushes and a fountain has a special stimulation and play area for children with disabilities, it featured as a fan park during the Fifa 2010 soccer world cup. The GM LPL is a prominent annual Twenty20-styled cricket tournament played during September, it commenced in 2010. Feroza Adam, political activist Candice Morgan and Miss Deaf World Ahmed Kathrada, ANC activist Mahatma Gandhi, led protests against colonial British rule at Lenasia Train Station Bash Hoosein - singer and fundraiser http://www.lenasianfo.co.za/ http://www.lenzinfo.org.za/ Lenasia Times Newspaper https://web.archive.org/web/20081003085734/http://lenzwatch.co.za/ Lenasia Crime Alert Lenasia News & Events Publication https://web.archive.org/web/20140517225726/http://lenasiainfo.com/ Sporting history of Lenasia Lakshmi Narayan Temple, Ramakrishna Vedanta Society
Randfontein is a gold mining city in the West Rand, South Africa, 40 km in the west of Johannesburg. With the Witwatersrand gold rush in full swing, mining financier JB Robinson bought the farm Randfontein and, in 1889, floated the Randfontein Estates Gold Mining Company; the town was established in 1890 to serve the new mine and was administered by Krugersdorp until it became a municipality in 1929. Apart from having the largest stamp mill in the world, like many of the other outlying areas of Johannesburg, is a rural collection of farms and small holdings in a beautiful part of Gauteng. Randfontein’s existence dates back to the 1550s when the AmaNdebele lived as one nation at Emhlangeni under King Mhlanga between 1550-1580; the name of Emhlangeni is translated today into the Sesotho language as Mohlakeng, one of the southeastern suburbs of the town. Randfontein was established formally on 3 March 1890 and proclaimed a municipality in 1929; some important dates in Randfontein's history: 1857: Bootha and Jonker families arrive in the area.
1874: Gold discovered in Blaauwbank stream near Magaliesburg by Henry Lewis an Australian prospector. 1886: Discovery of gold on the Rand by Harrison and Walker. 1886: JB Robinson arrives on the Reef. 1889: Randfontein Estates Gold Mining Company registered. 1890: JB Robinson buys properties and farms in the Randfontein district. 1894: The first shop, opens. 1901: The first car, owned by Hector Mackay, arrives in town. 1904: Chinese miners arrive in Randfontein. 1929: Randfontein Municipality established. 1979: Randfontein celebrates 50 years as an independent municipality. 2004': Hilton Hamann writes a comprehensive history on Randfontein. His book Randfontein: A Town Like No Other is available via the local publicity association; this marked the 75th anniversary of Randfontein. Remnants of the Jameson Raid can be found in Randfontein. Various graves of those killed are scattered around the West Rand. In Randfontein, the graves of troopers William Charles Beatty-Powell, John Bernard Bletsoe, Harry Davies, John Foster, C.
E Hennessy, are hidden amongst the trees in what was known as the Randfontein Estates Gold Mine Military Cemetery. The graves are beside the railway line diagonally opposite where Uncle Harry's Roadhouse is located at the northern entrance to town from Krugersdorp. GPS: -26.150206, 27.719646 Randfontein War Memorial: This pretty memorial can be found next to the roadhouse on the corner of Randfontein and Main Reef Roads, Surprisingly the components of the memorial are all in a reasonably good condition and it is fenced off. GPS: -26.157176, 27.719646 On 11 June 2015, a hidden graveyard with about 80 to 100 graves dating back to the 1800s was discovered near the grain silos off Main Reef Road. It's not known yet. Paul Kruger and JB Robinson enjoyed a warm friendship which has led to rumours that the Kruger Millions were buried in the Homestead's grounds to stop them from falling into British hands during the Second Boer War; the Homestead is the home that Robinson lived in, now situated along Homestead Avenue next to Riebeeck Lake and owned by well-known local businessman and racing driver, Ben Morgenrood.
Over the years, many have searched here for the Kruger Millions, but either nothing has been found, or the finder has kept quiet about it. Central: Aureus, Culemborg Park, Eike Park, Greenhills, Helikon Park, Kocksoord, Orion Park, Randpoort, Robin Park, West Porges, Westergloor. Outlying and plots: Bootha Plots, Dennydale. Dwarskloof, Hillside, Middelvlei, Randridge, Rikasrus, Vleikop, Wilbotsdal. From what can be established these are some of the oldest buildings in Randfontein: 1857: Homestead of Barend Bootha on the original farm called Randfontein 1859: Jonkerhuis 1889: Mining Commissioner and Telegraph Office in Kocksoord Robinson Lake is situated between the Randfontein Golf Course and the suburb of Robin Park; the lake was a former recreational lake filled from water, pumped from the Robinson Deep gold mine. The lake has a pH of 2.6. Water has a natural uranium concentration of 0.0004 mg/l. The Department of Water and Sanitation considers a concentration of 0.07 mg/l safe to drink. Robinson Lake has a uranium concentration of 16 mg/l, more than 220 times safe levels.
This has resulted in Robinson Lake being declared a radioactive area and it is closed off to the public. The general consensus is that this has been caused by acid mine drainage, or AMD, it is however now a dangerous area and nothing is being done about the number of people accessing it. As of 2011, Randfontein has a population of 149,286, which incorporates Toekomsrus; the average elevation of the town is 1709m above sea level. The total municipal area, after recent restructuring, is 475km2. According to the Randfontein Socio-Economic Survey of 2006, Randfontein's population is divided into Black, White and Asian/Indian; the local immigrant population is made up mai
Orlando Pirates F.C.
Orlando Pirates Football Club is a professional football club in South Africa, based in the Houghton suburb of the city of Johannesburg and plays in the top tier system of South African football known as Premier Soccer League. The club was founded in 1937 and was based in Orlando, Soweto, they are named'Pirates' after the 1940 film The Sea Hawk starring Errol Flynn. Orlando Pirates are the first club since the inception of the Premier Soccer League in 1996 to have won three major trophies in a single season back to back, having won the domestic league ABSA Premiership, the FA Cup Nedbank Cup and the Top 8 Cup MTN 8 during the ABSA Premiership 2010–11 season and domestic league ABSA Premiership, the League Cup Telkom Knockout and the Top 8 Cup MTN 8 during the ABSA Premiership 2011–12 season, they are one of only two South African teams with Mamelodi Sundowns to win the CAF Champions League, which they won in 1995. They are the runners-up of 2015 CAF Confederation Cup. Orlando Pirates drew an average home attendance of 14,533 in the 2016-17 domestic league season.
It became the second highest in the league. One of their biggest rivalries, besides the one with Kaizer Chiefs, is the rivalry with Moroka Swallows. Orlando Pirates is one of South Africa's oldest football clubs having been established in 1937 in Orlando East, Soweto; the club's performances over the years have served as an inspiration for young footballers to strive to play the Beautiful Game at the highest level in the black and white colours of the ‘Buccaneers’. The founders of Orlando Pirates included offspring of migrant workers who moved from rural areas to work in the gold mines of Gauteng. Boys in Orlando came together at every available opportunity in open spaces and in informal groupings to play football; that original club was called the Orlando Boys Club. In 1940, Buthuel Mokgosinyane, the first president, bought the first team kit with his own funds. Orlando Boys participated in Johannesburg Bantu Association's Saturday League, where they won the Division Two title and gained promotion to Division One in 1944.
Andrew Bassie, a key member of the team, suggested the new name'Orlando Pirates'. The team composed the camp's war cry'Ezimnyama Ngenkani'. Over the years, Orlando Pirates – known as ‘The Happy People’ – have accumulated a record of successes having won the National Professional Soccer League title in 1971, 1973, 1975 and 1976, the National Soccer League title in 1994, the Premier Soccer League title four times, in 2001, 2003, 2011 and 2012, their first-place finish in the 2010–11 domestic league campaign generated much excitement among the club's vast fan-base. In 2011, Orlando Pirates enjoyed tremendous success by winning the 2010–11 Premier Soccer League, The Nedbank Cup, The MTN 8 Cup and The Telkom Knockout; this year was dubbed as "The Happy Year." Many other cup triumphs in domestic football have been recorded, including Vodacom Challenge title victories in the inaugural 1999 tournament and in 2005. But the African continent and other areas of the football world took notice of Orlando Pirates Football Club when they won the African Champions Cup in 1995 and the African Super Cup a year later.
Along with Mamelodi Sundowns, the Orlando Pirates are the only Southern Hemisphere club to have won the African Champions League. This achievement resulted in the club being honoured by the first State President of the new democratic South Africa, Nelson Mandela – another first for a South African sporting team. Club chairman, Irvin Khoza, who served on the 2010 World Cup Bid Committee, must be credited with the club's rise to fame over the past few years as the Orlando Pirates supporters – who are nicknamed "The Ghost" – have had much to cheer about. Kaizer Chiefs chairman Kaizer Motaung and his Jomo Cosmos counterpart Jomo Sono were popular players of the highest calibre for the Buccaneers before starting their own clubs, their playing history is entrenched in the black and white colours of Orlando Pirates. In 2005, the team, along with Interza Lesego and Ellis Park Stadium Ltd, announced its acquisition of a 51% share in Ellis Park Stadium, making it the first majority black owned stadium in South Africa.
The Soweto derby between Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates is one of the most fiercely contested derbies in world football. And in contrast to most of the other games played in the Premier Soccer League in South Africa, matches between the two archrivals attract a full house of supporters without fail. Premier Soccer League Winners: 2000–01, 2002–03, 2010–11, 2011–12 National Soccer League Winners: 1994 National Premier Soccer League Winners: 1971, 1973, 1975, 1976 Nedbank Cup Winners: 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1988, 1996, 2011, 2014 Telkom Knockout Winners: 2011 MTN 8 Winners: 1972, 1973, 1978, 1983, 1993, 1996, 2000, 2010, 2011 Castle Challenge Winners: 1992 Sales House Cup Winners: 1972, 1975, 1977, 1983 CAF Champions League Winners: 1995 Runners-up: 2013 CAF Super Cup Winners: 1996 CAF Confederation Cup Runners-up: 2015 Carling Black Label Cup Winners: 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015 PSL Reserve League Winners: 2007 Vodacom Challenge Winners: 1999, 2005 NB: South African football clubs started participating in CAF Competition's in 1993, after 16 years of being banned from FIFA due to the apartheid system.
The ban extended from 1976 to 1992. African Cup of Champions Clubs / CAF Champions League: 10 appearancesThe club have 2 appearances in African Cup of Champions Clubs 1995, 1996 and 8 appearances in CAF Champions League from 1997 until now. CAF Confederation Cup: 2 appearances African Cup Winners' Cup: 1 appearance CAF Super Cup: 1 appearance NoteOrlando Pirates did not make an appearance in the CAF Cup, they qualified for the 2001 CAF Cup, but withdrew from the competiti
South Africa the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation, it is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status; the remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European and multiracial ancestry. South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures and religions, its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, the fourth highest number in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans.
The country is one of the few in Africa never to have had a coup d'état, regular elections have been held for a century. However, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994. During the 20th century, the black majority sought to recover its rights from the dominant white minority, with this struggle playing a large role in the country's recent history and politics; the National Party imposed apartheid in 1948. After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in 1990. Since 1994, all ethnic and linguistic groups have held political representation in the country's liberal democracy, which comprises a parliamentary republic and nine provinces. South Africa is referred to as the "rainbow nation" to describe the country's multicultural diversity in the wake of apartheid; the World Bank classifies South Africa as an upper-middle-income economy, a newly industrialised country.
Its economy is the second-largest in Africa, the 34th-largest in the world. In terms of purchasing power parity, South Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa; however and inequality remain widespread, with about a quarter of the population unemployed and living on less than US$1.25 a day. South Africa has been identified as a middle power in international affairs, maintains significant regional influence; the name "South Africa" is derived from the country's geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English, reflecting its origin from the unification of four separate British colonies. Since 1961, the long form name in English has been the "Republic of South Africa". In Dutch, the country was named Republiek van Zuid-Afrika, replaced in 1983 by the Afrikaans Republiek van Suid-Afrika. Since 1994, the Republic has had an official name in each of its 11 official languages. Mzansi, derived from the Xhosa noun umzantsi meaning "south", is a colloquial name for South Africa, while some Pan-Africanist political parties prefer the term "Azania".
South Africa contains human-fossil sites in the world. Archaeologists have recovered extensive fossil remains from a series of caves in Gauteng Province; the area, a UNESCO World Heritage site, has been branded "the Cradle of Humankind". The sites include one of the richest sites for hominin fossils in the world. Other sites include Gondolin Cave Kromdraai, Coopers Cave and Malapa. Raymond Dart identified the first hominin fossil discovered in Africa, the Taung Child in 1924. Further hominin remains have come from the sites of Makapansgat in Limpopo Province and Florisbad in the Free State Province, Border Cave in KwaZulu-Natal Province, Klasies River Mouth in Eastern Cape Province and Pinnacle Point and Die Kelders Cave in Western Cape Province; these finds suggest that various hominid species existed in South Africa from about three million years ago, starting with Australopithecus africanus. There followed species including Australopithecus sediba, Homo ergaster, Homo erectus, Homo rhodesiensis, Homo helmei, Homo naledi and modern humans.
Modern humans have inhabited Southern Africa for at least 170,000 years. Various researchers have located pebble tools within the Vaal River valley. Settlements of Bantu-speaking peoples, who were iron-using agriculturists and herdsmen, were present south of the Limpopo River by the 4th or 5th century CE, they displaced and absorbed the original Khoisan speakers, the Khoikhoi and San peoples. The Bantu moved south; the earliest ironworks in modern-day KwaZulu-Natal Province are believed to date from around 1050. The southernmost group was the Xhosa people, whose language incorporates certain linguistic traits from the earlier Khoisan people; the Xhosa reached the Great Fish River, in today's Eastern Cape Province. As they migrated, these larger Iron Age populations