Blue Collar (film)
Blue Collar is a 1978 American crime drama film directed by Paul Schrader, in his directorial debut. It was written by Schrader and his brother Leonard, stars Richard Pryor, Harvey Keitel and Yaphet Kotto; the film is both a critique of union practices and an examination of life in a working-class Rust Belt enclave. Although it has minimal comic elements provided by Pryor, it is dramatic. Schrader, at the time a renowned screenwriter for his work on Taxi Driver, recalls the shooting as a difficult one because of the artistic and personal tensions between himself and the actors. A trio of Detroit auto workers, two black—Zeke Brown and Smokey James —and one white— Polish-American Jerry Bartowski —are fed up with mistreatment at the hands of both management and union brass. Smokey is in debt to a loan shark, Jerry works a second job to get by and finds himself unable to pay for the dental treatment that his daughter needs, Zeke cheats money out of the IRS in order to improve his family’s income.
Coupled with the financial hardships on each man's end, the trio hatch a plan to rob a safe at union headquarters. They find only a few scant bills in the process. More they come away with a ledger which contains evidence of the union's illegal loan operation and ties to organized crime syndicates, they attempt to blackmail the union with the information but the union retaliates and begins to turn the tables on the three friends. A suspicious accident at the plant results in Smokey's death, which Zeke and Jerry realize was a murder coordinated by the union bosses in retaliation for the trio's blackmail. A federal agent attempts to coerce Jerry into informing on the union's corruption, which would make him an adversary of his co-workers as well as the union bosses. At the same time, corrupt union bosses succeed in coopting Zeke to work for them with promises of upward mobility and increased remuneration. Zeke, happy with his new duties and higher pay, pragmatically prescinds from seeking justice for Smokey's murder, as it would jeopardize his newfound standing within the ranks of the union.
Jerry attempts to convince Zeke to take steps to avenge Smokey's death, but Zeke rebukes him, telling Jerry that nothing will bring Smokey back and that they should just move forward. Disgusted with Zeke's capitulation, Jerry decides to cooperate with investigative authorities. In the end, Zeke confronts Jerry. Once friends and Zeke now turn on each other, attack each other, confirming the prescient earlier narrative that union corruption divides workers against one another. Richard Pryor as Zeke Brown Harvey Keitel as Jerry Bartowski Yaphet Kotto as Smokey James Ed Begley Jr. as Bobby Joe Harry Bellaver as Eddie Johnson Armond Horace as Himself George Memmoli as Jenkins Lucy Saroyan as Arlene Bartowski Lane Smith as Clarence Hill Cliff DeYoung as John Burrows Borah Silver as Dogshit Miller Chip Fields as Caroline Brown Harry Northup as Hank Leonard Gaines as Mr Berg, IRS Man Milton Selzer as Sumabitch Sammy Warren as Barney Jimmy Martinez as Charlie T. Hernandez The film was shot on location at the Checker plant in Kalamazoo, Michigan and at locales around Detroit, including the Ford River Rouge Complex on the city's southwest side and the MacArthur Bridge to Belle Isle.
Jack Nitzsche's blues-flavored score includes "Hard Workin' Man", a collaboration with Captain Beefheart. The three main actors didn't get along and were fighting throughout the shoot; the tension became so great that at one point Richard Pryor pointed a gun at Schrader and told him that there was "no way" he was going to do more than three takes for a scene, an incident which may have caused Schrader a nervous breakdown. Blue Collar was universally praised by critics; the film holds a 100% "Fresh" rating on the review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes. Both Roger Ebert and Gene Siskel lauded the film. Ebert awarded the film four stars and Siskel placed the film fourth on his list of the ten best of 1978. Filmmaker Spike Lee included the film on his essential film list entitled List of Films All Aspiring Filmmakers Must See. In his autobiography Born to Run, Bruce Springsteen names Blue Collar and Taxi Driver as two of his favorite films from the 1970s. Blue Collar on IMDb Blue Collar at Rotten Tomatoes
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
Hearst Communications referred to as Hearst, is an American mass media and business information conglomerate based in New York City. Hearst owns newspapers, television channels, television stations, including the San Francisco Chronicle, the Houston Chronicle and Esquire, it owns 50% of broadcasting firm A&E Networks and 20% of the sports broadcaster ESPN in partnership with The Walt Disney Company. Despite being better known for the above media holdings, Hearst makes most of its profits in the business information section, where it owns companies including Fitch Ratings, First Databank, others. Hearst Communications is based in the Hearst Tower in New York City; the company was founded by William Randolph Hearst as an owner of newspapers, the Hearst family remains involved in its ownership and management. In 1880, George Hearst, mining entrepreneur and U. S. senator, entered the publishing business by acquiring the San Francisco Daily Examiner. In 1887, he turned the Examiner over to his son, William Randolph Hearst, who that year founded the Hearst Corp. W. R. Hearst went on to purchase or launch several more newspapers in multiple cities and to found the Los Angeles Examiner in 1903.
W. R. Hearst found early success, growing readership for the Examiner from 15,000 in 1887 to over 20 million. Hearst's magazine division began with W. R. Hearst's creation of Motor magazine, he acquired several other publications, including Cosmopolitan in 1905, Good Housekeeping in 1911. W. R. Hearst entered the book publishing business in 1913 with the formation of Hearst's International Library. W. R. Hearst began producing film features in the mid-1910s, creating one of the earliest animation studios: the International Film Service, turning characters from Hearst newspaper strips into film characters. After purchasing the Atlanta Georgian in 1912, the San Francisco Call and the San Francisco Post in 1913, Hearst acquired the Boston Advertiser and the Washington Times in 1917, he purchased the Chicago Herald in 1918. In 1919, Hearst's book publishing division was renamed Cosmopolitan Book. In the 1920s and 1930s, Hearst owned the biggest media conglomerate in the world, which included a number of magazines and newspapers in major cities.
Hearst began acquiring radio stations to complement his papers. Hearst saw financial challenges in the early 1920s, during which time he was subsidizing funds from his corporation to fund the construction of Hearst Castle in San Simeon and movie production at Cosmopolitan Productions; this lead to the merger of the magazine Hearst International with Cosmopolitan in 1925. Despite some financial troubles, Hearst began extending its reach in 1921, purchasing the Detroit Times, The Boston Record and the Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Hearst added the Los Angeles Herald and Washington Herald, as well as the Oakland Post-Enquirer, the Syracuse Telegram and the Rochester Journal in 1922, he continued his buying spree into the mid-1920s, purchasing the Baltimore News, the San Antonio Light, the Albany Times Union, The Milwaukee Sentinel. In 1924, Hearst entered the tabloid market in New York City with The New York Mirror, meant to compete with the New York Daily News. In addition to print and radio, Hearst established Cosmopolitan Pictures in the early 1920s, distributing his films under the newly created Metro Goldwyn Mayer.
In 1929, Hearst and MGM created. The Great Depression had a negative impact on his publications. Cosmopolitan Book was sold to Farrar and Reinhart in 1931. After two years of leasing them to her, Hearst had to sell the Washington Times and Herald to Eleanor "Cissy" Patterson in 1939 who merged them to form the Washington Times-Herald; that year he bought the Milwaukee Sentinel from Paul Block, absorbing his afternoon Wisconsin News into the morning publication. In 1939, he sold the Atlanta Georgian to Cox Newspapers, which merged it with the Atlanta Journal. Hearst, with his chain now owned by his creditors after a 1937 liquidation had to merge some of his morning papers into his afternoon papers. In Chicago, he combined the morning Herald-Examiner and the afternoon American into the Herald-American in 1939; this followed the 1937 combination of the New York Evening Journal and the morning American into the New York Journal-American, the sale of the Omaha Daily Bee to the World-Herald. Abandoning the morning market was harmful in the long run for Hearst's media holdings as most of his remaining newspapers became afternoon papers.
Newspapers in Rochester and Fort Worth were sold or closed. Afternoon papers were a profitable business in pre-television days outselling their morning counterparts featuring stock market information in early editions, while editions were heavy on sporting news with results of baseball games and horse races. Afternoon papers benefited from continuous reports from the battlefront during World War II. After the war, both television news and suburbs experienced an explosive growth. Another major blow was the fact that beginning in the 1950s, football and baseball games were being played in the afternoon and now stretched through early in the evening, preventing afternoon papers from publishing all the results. In 1947, Hearst produced an early television newscast for the DuMont Television Network: I. N. S
Witch Hunt (1994 film)
Witch Hunt is an HBO horror detective film starring Dennis Hopper and Eric Bogosian, directed by Paul Schrader and written by Joseph Dougherty. The original music score was composed by Angelo Badalamenti. Hopper stars as 1950s hardboiled private detective H. Phillip Lovecraft, in a fictional universe where magic is real and mythical beasts stalk the back alleys, zombies are used as cheap labor, everyone—except Lovecraft—uses magic every day. Yet, cars and other modern technology exist in this world. Witch Hunt takes place in the 1950s during the red scare, in which magic is substituted for communism, it is a sequel to the HBO-produced film Cast a Deadly Spell. Hopper plays Lovecraft in place of Fred Ward. Additionally, many characters have different back-stories than in Cast a Deadly Spell. For example, Lovecraft refuses to use magic in Cast a Deadly Spell on principle, but in Witch Hunt he refuses because of a bad experience he has had. Dennis Hopper - Harry Phillip Lovecraft Penelope Ann Miller - Kim Hudson Eric Bogosian - Senator Larson Crockett Sheryl Lee Ralph - Hypolita Laveau Kropotkin Julian Sands - Finn Macha Valerie Mahaffey - Trudy John Epperson - Vivian Dart Debi Mazar - The Manicurist Alan Rosenberg - N.
J. Gottlieb Witch Hunt on IMDb Witch Hunt at AllMovie
Touch (1997 film)
Touch is a 1997 film written and directed by Paul Schrader. It is based on a novel by Elmore Leonard; the film, which has elements of drama and black comedy, stars Christopher Walken, Richard Schiff, Bridget Fonda, Skeet Ulrich, Tom Arnold, Gina Gershon, Lolita Davidovich, Janeane Garofalo and Paul Mazursky. It was shot in California; the soundtrack of the movie was composed and recorded by Dave Grohl, released on his Capitol Records imprint, Roswell Records. The majority of the tracks are instrumental, with the exception of "How Do You Do," as well as two songs performed with Louise Post of Veruca Salt; the release would mark the first time Grohl used his pseudonym Late, as credited in the liner notes, since the release of Pocketwatch in 1992. A young man, Juvenal, is able to cure the sick by the laying-on of hands. Mysterious stigmata appear from time to time on his flesh; the former evangelist Bill Hill, tired of selling mobile homes for a living, persuades his friend Lynn Faulkner to befriend the innocent ex-monk and encourage him to aim for the big-time.
But matters become complicated when the young couple falls in love, more complicated when fundamentalist August Murray takes exception to their relationship. Skeet Ulrich as Juvenal Bridget Fonda as Lynn Christopher Walken as Bill Hill Gina Gershon as Debra Tom Arnold as August Murray Conchata Ferrell as Virginia Worrel William Newman as Court Clerk The film received mixed-to-negative reviews, it holds a 33% rating on rotten tomatoes, based on 18 reviews. Touch on IMDb Touch at Rotten Tomatoes
Olivia Barash is an American actress. She began her career as a child actor, appearing in television series such as Little House on the Prairie, Charlie's Angels, Soap, she subsequently had a lead role on the short-lived sitcom In the Beginning, which aired in 1978. She had a lead role in the Walt Disney television film Child of Glass; as a young adult, Barash established herself in supporting film roles in Repo Man, Tuff Turf, Patty Hearst, Floundering. Barash was born January 1965 in Miami, Florida. Barash was raised in New York City, began acting professionally at age 11. During her early years of acting and dancing in classic musicals on stage in New York, Olivia starred as "Baby June" in Gypsy with Angela Lansbury, she was the first child actor to win the acclaimed New York Critic's Circle Award. Moving to Hollywood as a teen with her family, she attended Palisades High School in Pacific Palisades and graduated in 1982. Barash appeared as a guest in two episodes of Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman in 1977, in 1978, was cast in a main role on the sitcom In the Beginning, which followed a conservative Catholic priest and liberal, socially-conscious nun who run a mission in Baltimore.
The same year, she starred in the Walt Disney television film Child of Glass, in which she portrayed the ghost of a young girl murdered during the Antebellum era. In 1984, Barash appeared in Repo Man; the following year, she appeared opposite James Kim Richards in the teen drama Tuff Turf. In 1987, Barash had a main supporting role in the television series Fame. In 1988, she had a supporting role in Paul Schrader's biopic Patty Hearst. In 2013, she revealed plans to direct and produce Fallout Entertainment: Friends Of The Viper Room; this project was inspired by her accounts and experiences while working at the Los Angeles club The Viper Room back in its heyday in the mid 1990s. Olivia Barash on IMDb Olivia Barash at AllMovie
The Comfort of Strangers (film)
The Comfort of Strangers is a 1990 Italian-British drama film directed by Paul Schrader. The screenplay is by Harold Pinter, adapted from a short novel of the same name by Ian McEwan; the film stars Christopher Walken, Rupert Everett and Helen Mirren. It was screened out of competition at the 1990 Cannes Film Festival, it is a movie about relationships between two distinct and different couples. Colin and Mary are a British couple vacationing in Venice for the second time, they are not married. We are shown glimpses of a tall man dressed in white. Late one night, they become; as they wander around, they meet the British-Italian owner of a local bar. He is the elegant-looking man in all white. Over several bottles of wine, he tells them stories about his sadistic father, an Italian diplomat. Robert talks of the cruel tricks his younger sisters played upon him. After this late evening and Mary try to walk back to their hotel through the labyrinthine streets of Venice. However, they are forced to sleep in the streets.
In the morning, hung-over and hungry, they make their way to an outdoor restaurant in the square at St Mark's Basilica. There they see Robert, after realizing his thoughtlessness at not guiding them back to where they stay, he insists they come back to his home and dine there, they discover he and his wife Caroline live in a spacious Moorish-styled apartment, like a museum. The purpose of Colin's and Mary's trip is to revitalize their relationship, they decide to marry upon their return to England; however and Caroline are a mysterious couple who attract and repulse the other pair. Robert is obsessed with his past, he seems suspect of women's power over men. He draws them further into his influence much as a spider entraps his prey. Christopher Walken - Robert Rupert Everett - Colin Natasha Richardson - Mary Helen Mirren - Caroline Manfredi Aliquò - Concierge David Ford - Waiter Daniel Franco - Waiter Rossana Canghiari - Hotel Maid Fabrizio Castellani - Bar Manager Mario Cotone - Detective Giancarlo Previati - First Policeman Antonio Serrano - Second Policeman The Comfort of Strangers on IMDb The Comfort of Strangers at Box Office Mojo The Comfort of Strangers at Rotten Tomatoes The Comfort of Strangers at AllMovie