click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Patuxet

The Patuxet were a Native American band of the Wampanoag tribal confederation. They lived in and around modern-day Plymouth, Massachusetts; the Patuxet have been extinct since 1622. The Patuxet were wiped out by a series of plagues that decimated the indigenous peoples of southeastern New England in the second decade of the 17th century; the epidemics which swept across New England and the Canadian Maritimes between 1614 and 1620 were devastating to the Wampanoag and neighboring Massachuset, with mortality reaching 100% in many mainland villages. When the Pilgrims landed in 1620, all the Patuxet except Squanto had died; the plagues have been attributed variously to smallpox and other diseases. Some European expedition captains were known to increase profits by capturing natives to sell as slaves; such was the case when Thomas Hunt kidnapped several Wampanoag in 1614 in order to sell them in Spain. One of Hunt's captives was a Patuxet named Tisquantum. Tisquantum came to be known as Squanto. After Squanto regained his freedom, he was able to work his way to England where he lived for several years, working with a shipbuilder.

He signed on as an interpreter for a British expedition to Newfoundland. From there Squanto went back to his home, only to discover that, in his absence, epidemics had killed everyone in his village. Squanto succumbed to "Indian fever" in November 1622; the first settlers of Plymouth Colony, sited their colony at the location of a former Patuxet village, named "Port St. Louis" or "Accomack". By 1616, the site had been renamed New Plimoth in Smith's A Description of New England after a suggestion by Prince Charles of England; when the Pilgrim Settlers decided to make their settlement, the land, cleared and cultivated by the prior inhabitants was a primary reason for the location. Squanto was instrumental in the survival of the colony of English settlers at Plymouth. Samoset, a Pemaquid sachem from Maine, introduced himself to the Pilgrims upon their arrival in 1620. Shortly thereafter, he introduced Squanto to the Pilgrims, who had settled at the site of Squanto's former village. From that point onward, Squanto devoted himself to helping the Pilgrims.

Whatever his motivations, with great kindness and patience, he taught the English the skills they needed to survive, including how best to cultivate varieties of the Three Sisters: beans and squash. Although Samoset appears to have been important in establishing initial relations with the Pilgrims, Squanto was undoubtedly the main factor in the Pilgrims' survival. In addition, he served as an intermediary between the Pilgrims and Massasoit, the Grand Sachem of the Wampanoag; as such, he was instrumental in the friendship treaty that the two signed, allowing the settlers to occupy the area around the former Patuxet village. Massasoit honored this treaty until his death in 1661. In the fall of 1621, the Plymouth colonists and Wampanoag shared an autumn harvest feast; this three-day celebration involving the entire village and about 90 Wampanoag has been celebrated as a symbol of cooperation and interaction between English colonists and Native Americans. The event inspired 19th century Americans to establish Thanksgiving as a national holiday in the United States.

The harvest celebration took place at the historic site of the Patuxet villages. Squanto's involvement as an intermediary in negotiating the friendship treaty with Massasoit led to the joint feast between the Pilgrims and Wampanoag; this feast was a celebration of the first successful harvest season of the colonists. List of Native American Tribal Entities Bicknell, Thomas Williams. Sowams, with Ancient Records of Sowams and Parts Adjacent. New Haven: Associated Publishers of American Records. Mann, Charles C.. 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus. New York: Knopf. Moondancer and Strong Woman. A Cultural History of the Native Peoples of Southern New England: Voices from Past and Present. 2007. Rowlandson, Mary; the Sovereignty and Goodness of God. 1997. Salisbury, Neal. Manitou and Providence. 1982. Salisbury and Colin G. Calloway, eds. Reinterpreting New England Indians and the Colonial Experience. Vol. 71 of Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts. 1993. Salisbury, Neal. Introduction to The Sovereignty and Goodness of God by Mary Rowlandson.

1997. The First Thanksgiving Inspired By A Dream: Linguistics Grad Works to Revive the Wampanoag Language, MIT Spectrum, Spring 2001 Wôpanâak Language Reclamation Project Plimoth Plantation webpage Plymouth, MA CapeCodOnline's Wampanoag landing page Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe www.mayflowerfamilies.com "Native People" page Ancestry.com

Madame Butterfly's Illusion

Madame Butterfly's Illusion is a 1940 Japanese animated short. It was directed by Wagorō Arai, a dentist who created nearly a dozen short films between 1939 and 1947 in the style of silhouette animation, it is based on parts of the opera Madama Butterfly by Giacomo Puccini. A Japanese woman reflects on her ill-fated marriage to an American naval officer, she concludes that "it is better to die with honor than live in shame." Outside of his work as a dentist, Arai collaborated with a small group of friends to create one short animated film each year between 1939 and 1947. All of these films are in the style of silhouette animation and many, including Madame Butterfly's Illusion, Jakku to mame no ki, Kaguyahime, are based on popular tales, it is believed that Arai - despite his talents as an animator - stopped creating films soon after World War II because of Tobiishi's untimely death. The film's Puccini-esque score was composed and performed by renowned Japanese opera singer Tamaki Miura. Arai is the focus of Minami Masatoki's short documentary Arai Wagorō: Kage-e Animēshon no Sekai, which screened at the Hiroshima International Animation Festival in 2016.

A 35mm print of the film is held in the National Film Archive of Japan and was screened by NFAJ in 2017 alongside animated films by Ōfuji Noburō and Murata Yasuji

Devil's Tale

Devil's Tale is Fanfare Ciocărlia's seventh studio album. It is a collaboration with the Canadian guitarist Adrian Raso and the bulk of the album was recorded with Raso at Metalworks Studio, Canada; the album was co-produced by Marc Elsner. One track was produced by Adrian Raso. Devil's Tale marks the first time Fanfare Ciocărlia have collaborated in the studio with a non-Balkan musician and the album's sound is different from their previous albums. Guitarist Adrian Raso composed and arranged all 12 tracks and his guitar playing is the lead instrument across the album with Fanfare Ciocărlia's brass instruments and percussion serving as backing. Raso's background is in Gypsy jazz and hard rock and across Devil's Tale he demonstrates a fluid, lyrical technique that Fanfare Ciocărlia back with jaunty horn arrangements. Guests on the album are guitarists John Jorgenson and Rodrigo, rock drummer Kevin Figueiredo, Kai Schonburg, Florin Ionita, Marc Elsner and Michael Metzler. Devil's Tale is a slower, more melodic album than previous Fanfare Ciocărlia efforts.

The interplay of guitar and horns created an atmospheric, instrumental album that touches on jazz and surf music while retaining a Balkan brass character. Devil's Tale was well received internationally with The New York Music Daily writing, "Devil's Tale is in many respects as noir as noir gets" while in the UK Neil Spencer in The Observer wrote, "the 12-piece band are splendidly restrained, swelling behind waltzes, contributing accordion and clarinet and only ripping into their trademark supercharged intricacy. All instrumental and all delightful."Upon Devil's Tale release Adrian Raso toured Europe with Fanfare Ciocărlia. Urn St. Tavern - 4:06 Swing Sagarese - 3:10 The Absinthe-Minded Gypsy - 4:28 C'est La Vie - 2:46 Quattro Cicci - 2:40 Charlatan's Waltz - 2:54 Devil's Tale - 2:53 Leezard's Lament - 3:11 Cafe Con Leche - 3:15 Spiritissimo - 3:36 Bireli's Waltz - 3:48 Django - 4:07 Fanfare Ciocarlia

Democratic Convergence Platform

The Democratic Convergence Platform was a Spanish organization that coordinated various pro-democracy parties and associations towards the end of Francoist Spain. In its founding manifesto the PCD called for the establishment of democracy in Spain and the opening of a constitutional process, pledging to promote a multiparty democracy, with a federal state structure, the freedom of the political prisoners, the return of exiles, freedom of association, right to strike, freedom of expression, assembly, the abolition of all special courts and all those agencies and repressive organizations of the Francoist State, free elections, the right to self-determination and self-government for the nationalities and regions of Spain; the organizations signing the manifesto were the Spanish Socialist Workers Party, the Communist Movement of Spain, Democratic Left, the Revolutionary Organization of Workers, Socialist Party of Catalonia–Regrouping, the Basque Advisory Council, the Democratic Union of the Valencian Country, the Spanish Social Democratic Union, the Carlist Party, the Galician Social Democratic Party and the General Union of Workers and independent Social Democrats and christian-democrats.

The PCD was dominated by the PSOE. In 1976 the PCD formed a common front with the Democratic Junta of Spain merging the two platforms in 1976; the merge was called Democratic Convergence known as the "Platajunta". Ortuño Anaya, Los socialistas europeos y la transición española, Marcial Pons, 2005, ISBN 8495379880

2008 Wimbledon Championships – Men's Doubles

Arnaud Clément and Michaël Llodra were the defending champions, but were forced to withdraw due to a left arm injury for Llodra. Daniel Nestor and Nenad Zimonjić defeated Jonas Björkman and Kevin Ullyett in the final, 7–6, 6–7, 6–3, 6–3, to win the Gentlemen's Doubles title at the 2008 Wimbledon Championships. Click on the seed number of a player to go to their draw section. Arnaud Clément and Michaël Llodra withdrew due to a left arm injury for Llodra, they were replaced in the draw by Lucky Losers Hugo Jesse Levine. Source for the draw at Wimbledon.com "Wimbledon 2008 – Doubles Draw". Atpworldtour.com. ATP World Tour. Retrieved 18 June 2018. "Wimbledon 2008". Itftennis.com. International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 18 June 2018

Jim Perry (baseball)

James Evan Perry, Jr. is an American former Major League Baseball pitcher. He pitched from 1959–1975 for four teams. During a 17-year baseball career, Perry compiled 215 wins, 1,576 strikeouts, a 3.45 earned run average. He was born in Williamston, North Carolina and attended Campbell University until being signed by the Indians in 1956, he is the older brother of Hall of Fame pitcher Gaylord Perry. The Perry brothers trail only the Niekro brothers for career victories by brothers. In 1959, Jim Perry came in 2nd to Bob Allison in the Rookie of the Year vote. Perry followed up with an 18-win season in 1960. Perry was a three-time All-Star and won the 1970 AL Cy Young Award, when he posted a record of 24-12. Jim and Gaylord Perry are the only brothers in Major League history to win Cy Young Awards, he won 20 games in 1969, won at least 17 games five times. As a batter, Perry posted a respectable.199 batting average in his career. On July 3, 1973, brothers Gaylord Perry and Jim Perry pitched against each other for the only regular season game in their careers.

Neither finished the game. Two Norm Cash home runs helped Detroit, he is tied with Stan Coveleski for 84th on the all-time win list. Following his final year with Oakland, Perry retired to his North Carolina home where he keeps busy with charitable events golf tournaments, his son, Chris, is a professional golfer. On June 11, 2011, Perry was inducted into the Twins Hall of Fame in a ceremony prior to a Twins home game and attended by current members including Rod Carew, Bert Blyleven, Rick Aguilera, Gary Gaetti, Tom Kelly, Jim Rantz, Tony Oliva. On November 11, 2012, Campbell University announced that their renovated baseball stadium would be re-named Jim Perry Stadium. Perry attended Campbell University from 1956–1959. List of Major League Baseball career wins leaders List of Major League Baseball annual wins leaders Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs Bio from Cool of the Evening: The 1965 Minnesota Twins