Molly Malone is a popular song, set in Dublin, which has become the unofficial anthem of Dublin. The Molly Malone statue in Grafton Street was unveiled by then-Lord Mayor of Dublin, Alderman Ben Briscoe during the 1988 Dublin Millennium celebrations, the statue was presented to the city by Jurys Hotel Group to mark the Millennium. Since 18 July 2014, it has relocated to Suffolk Street, in front of the Tourist Information Office. Due to the increase in tourist foot traffic, and a penchant for being handsy. The song tells the tale of a fishmonger who plied her trade on the streets of Dublin. In the late 20th century a legend grew up there was a historical Molly. She is typically represented as a hawker by day and part-time prostitute by night, in contrast she has been portrayed as one of the few chaste female street-hawkers of her day. However, there is no evidence that the song is based on a real woman, the name Molly originated as a familiar version of the names Mary and Margaret. While many such Molly Malones were born in Dublin over the centuries, nevertheless, in 1988 the Dublin Millennium Commission endorsed claims about a Mary Malone who died on 13 June 1699, and proclaimed 13 June to be Molly Malone day.
The song is not recorded earlier than 1876, when it was published in Boston, the songs placement in the section of the book entitled Songs from English and German Universities suggests a British origin. It was published by Francis Brothers and Day in London in 1884 as a written and composed by James Yorkston, of Edinburgh. The London edition states that it was reprinted by permission of Kohler and Son of Edinburgh, implying that the first edition was in Scotland and she describes the story of the historical Molly as nonsense. A copy of Apollos Medley, dating to around 1790, published in Doncaster and rediscovered in 2010, Ill roar and Ill groan, My sweet Molly Malone, Till Im bone of your bone, And asleep in your bed. However, other than name and the fact that she lives in Howth near Dublin. The song was reprinted in a collection entitled The Shamrock. Several elements of the song Molly Malone appear in earlier songs. In addition to the earlier Molly Malone song discussed above, a character named Molly Malone appears in at least two other songs.
The song, Widow Malone, published as early as 1809, refers to the title character alternately as Molly Malone, Mary Malone, an American song entitled, Meet Me Miss Molly Malone, was published as early as 1840
Newstalk is an independent radio station in Ireland. It is operated by News 106 Limited, a subsidiary of Denis OBriens Communicorp, the station is a quasi-national station as of 29 September 2006, previously having been an Independent Local Radio station with a franchise for Dublin. The station is the commercial radio station in Ireland to take on an exclusively talk based format. However, musical interludes can be heard on weekend shows, shows are broadcast live from 06,30 -00,00 on weekdays,07,00 -00,00 on Saturday, and 08,00 -23,00 on Sunday. Outside these hours, best of versions of programmes are broadcast, in 1999 the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland invited applications for a number of new Dublin radio services, expanding on the duopoly of 98FM and FM104. One was for a radio service. The Independent Local Radio national news provider Independent Network News, was one of two applicants for this licence, and its applicant company, News 106, was awarded the franchise, the station first went on air on 9 April 2002, with David McWilliams the first presenter.
In its original format, it offered Twenty-Twenty News, every twenty minutes, the first 20/20 news bulletins were presented by several newsreaders including Eimear Lowe, James Healy, Dyane Connor, Dimitri ODonnell, Sean Archibald and Abigail Reilly. In September 2004 the news service was reduced to thirty minutes along with a revamped news team to replace the original journalists who had left the station by this stage. In Summer 2004, the station signed Eamon Dunphy, dropping David McWilliams, in 2004, FM104 was forced to sell its stake as a condition of its takeover by Scottish Radio Holdings. This meant that Communicorp was able to take majority control of the station and Hyper Trust remained as minority shareholders. In 2005, Elaine Geraghty, the original co-presenter of the breakfast time programme on 98FM, was appointed Chief Executive, Newstalk were the sole application for the licence. It began quasi-national broadcasts on 29 September 2006, the media expressed concern at its relative lack of star names and proliferation of unknowns, though noted the presence of George Hook and Seán Moncrieff.
In 2009, Ms Geraghty resigned as CEO and Frank Cronin and this schedule together with the continuity of George Hook, Off the Ball, Sean Moncrieff and Tom Dunne has driven the station to new heights of daily listenership and standing. The station now reaches 305,000 people daily, the fastest growing adult station in Ireland, during 2006 Newstalk were licensed to extend their coverage area to about 97% of Ireland. These quasi-national broadcasts began on 29 September 2006, Newstalk is primarily known as being a Radio station. However, Newstalk is the provider of the only National Radio Newswire in Ireland, Newstalk provides rip and read copy and audio 24/7, and provides a live stream of audio Newsreading every hour. The latter is used mostly by local stations after 7pm across Ireland
European Rugby Champions Cup
The European Rugby Champions Cup is an annual rugby union tournament organised by European Professional Club Rugby. It is the competition for clubs whose countries national teams compete in the Six Nations Championship. Clubs qualify for the Champions Cup via their final positions in their respective national/regional leagues, introduced in 2014, the competition replaced the Heineken Cup, which had run since 1995, following disagreements between its shareholders over the structure and governance of the competition. Saracens are the current holders of the cup, having won their first cup by beating Racing 92 in the 2016 final, Toulouse have won the competition a record four times, the last of which was in 2010. The Heineken Cup was launched in the summer of 1995 on the initiative of the Five Nations Committee to provide a new level of cross border competition. Twelve sides representing Ireland, Italy and France competed in four pools of three with the winners going directly into the semi-finals.
English and Scottish teams did not take part in the inaugural competition, from an inauspicious beginning in Romania, where Toulouse defeated Farul Constanţa 54–10 in front of a small crowd, the competition gathered momentum and crowds grew. Toulouse went on to become the first European cup winners, eventually beating Cardiff in extra time in front of a crowd of 21,800 at Cardiff Arms Park, clubs from England and Scotland joined the competition in 1996–97. European rugby was further expanded with the advent of the European Challenge Cup for teams that did not qualify for the Heineken Cup, the Heineken Cup now had 20 teams divided into four pools of five. Only Leicester and Brive reached the stages with 100 per cent records and ultimately made it to the final, Cardiff. After 46 matches, Brive beat Leicester 28–9 in front of a crowd of 41,664 at Cardiff Arms Park, the season 1997–98 saw the introduction of a home and away format in the pool games. The five pools of four teams, which guaranteed each team a minimum of six games, Brive reached the final again but were beaten late in the game by Bath with a penalty kick.
Ironically, English clubs had decided to withdraw from the competition in a dispute over the way it was run, without English clubs, the 1998–99 tournament revolved around France and the Celtic nations. Sixteen teams took part in four pools of four, French clubs filled the top positions in three of the groups and for the fourth consecutive year a French club, in the shape of Colomiers from the Toulouse suburbs, reached the final. Despite this it was to be Ulsters year as they beat Toulouse and reigning French champions Stade Français on their way to the final at Lansdowne Road, Ulster carried home the trophy after a 21–6 win over Colomiers in front of a capacity 49,000 crowd. For the first time clubs from four different nations – England, France, munsters defeat of Toulouse in Bordeaux ended Frances record of having contested every final and Northampton Saints victory over Llanelli made them the third English club to make it to the final. The competition was decided with a final between Munster and Northampton, with Northampton coming out on top by a point to claim their first major honour.
England supplied two of the 2000–01 semi-finalists – Leicester Tigers and Gloucester – with Munster and French champions Stade Français reaching the last four
Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest
Ireland has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 50 times since making its debut at the 1965 Contest in Naples. Since then, they have missed only two contests, in 1983 in Munich and 2002 in Tallinn, Ireland is the most successful country in the contest, with a total of seven wins. Raidió Teilifís Éireann is Irelands representative broadcaster at the contest, the semi-finals are broadcast on RTÉ Two, All of the Irish entries have been performed in English with the exception of the 1972 entry, Ceol an Ghrá, which was sung in Irish. Sean Dunphy finished second at the 1967 contest, behind Sandie Shaw, before Dana gave Ireland its first victory in 1970, the countrys next best result of the 1970s was in 1977, when The Swarbriggs plus two finished third. Johnny Logan gave Ireland a second victory in 1980, with Whats Another Year, Logan wrote the 1984 entry Terminal 3, which finished second, performed by Linda Martin. In 1987, Logan became the first and only performer to win the contest twice, Irelands most successful decade to date in the contest is the 1990s, which began with Liam Reilly finishing joint second in 1990.
Ireland achieved a three consecutive victories in the contest. In 1992,1984 runner-up Linda Martin returned to win with another Johnny Logan composition and this was followed up by Niamh Kavanaghs victory over Sonia in 1993 with In Your Eyes and Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan winning in 1994 with Rock n Roll Kids. The decade saw yet another victory in 1996 when Eimear Quinn won with The Voice, Ireland finished second in 1997 with Marc Roberts. In the 21st century, Ireland has fared well, only reaching the top 10 on three occasions, with Eamonn Toal sixth in 2000, Brian Kennedy tenth in 2006 and Jedward eighth in 2011. Ireland finished last in the final for the first time in 2007, since the introduction of the semi-final round in 2004, Ireland has failed to reach the final six times, in 2005,2008,2009,2014,2015 and 2016. 2016 marked the first time that Ireland failed to qualify in three consecutive years, Ireland has competed in the Contest almost continuously since the countrys debut in 1965.
In 1983 a strike at the national broadcaster RTÉ meant that the station lacked the resources to send a participant so RTÉ broadcast the Contest with the BBC commentary feed. In 2002 Ireland was relegated from the Contest, in keeping with the EBU rules, RTÉ broadcast that years event as they intended to return in 2003, and a TV commentator was sent to the host city, Tallinn. Ireland has sent 50 entries to the Eurovision Song Contest, of these seven have won, Ireland has been relegated once, in 2001 Gary OShaughnessy finished twenty-first with Without Your Love. In addition, six Irish entries have featured in the semi-final of the Contest, in 2005, Donna & Joe finished fourteenth in the pre-qualifier, failing to qualify for the final. In 2006, Brian Kennedy finished ninth in the semi-final, ensuring an Irish presence in the Athens final, Kennedy finished tenth in the final. Ireland featured in the first semi-final in 2008 and in the second semi-final in 2009, Irelands recent results in the Contest have been poor in comparison to the 1990s, coming last in 2007 and 2013
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival. The term originated in the 19th century, but is applied to music older than that. Some types of music are called world music. Traditional folk music has been defined in several ways, as music transmitted orally, music with unknown composers and it has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles. Starting in the century, a new form of popular folk music evolved from traditional folk music. This process and period is called the revival and reached a zenith in the 1960s. This form of music is called contemporary folk music or folk revival music to distinguish it from earlier folk forms. Smaller, similar revivals have occurred elsewhere in the world at other times and this type of folk music includes fusion genres such as folk rock, folk metal, electric folk, and others. Even individual songs may be a blend of the two, a consistent definition of traditional folk music is elusive.
The terms folk music, folk song, and folk dance are comparatively recent expressions and they are extensions of the term folklore, which was coined in 1846 by the English antiquarian William Thoms to describe the traditions and superstitions of the uncultured classes. Traditional folk music includes most indigenous music, despite the assembly of an enormous body of work over some two centuries, there is still no certain definition of what folk music is. Some do not even agree that the term Folk Music should be used, Folk music may tend to have certain characteristics but it cannot clearly be differentiated in purely musical terms. One meaning often given is that of old songs, with no known composers, the fashioning and re-fashioning of the music by the community that give it its folk character. Such definitions depend upon processes rather than abstract musical types, one widely used definition is simply Folk music is what the people sing. For Scholes, as well as for Cecil Sharp and Béla Bartók, Folk music was already. seen as the authentic expression of a way of life now past or about to disappear, particularly in a community uninfluenced by art music and by commercial and printed song.
In these terms folk music may be seen as part of a schema comprising four types, primitive or tribal, elite or art, folk. Music in this genre is often called traditional music. Although the term is only descriptive, in some cases people use it as the name of a genre
Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1957
The Netherlands were represented in the Eurovision Song Contest 1957 by Corry Brokken with the song Net als toen written by Guus Jansen and Willy van Hemert. The Dutch entry was chosen during a final called Nationaal Songfestival. Like in the year, a national final titled National Songfestival was held with eight songs competing. Four singers took part in the selection, each of them presenting two songs, Corry Brokken was the only singer from the 1956 national final who tried again. The winner was chosen by postcard voting, this time. Again, the show was hosted by Karin Kraaykamp, Corry Brokken, who was already one of the two Dutch representatives in the 1956 Eurovision Song Contest, was the clear winner of the national final, as her entries finished first and second. Marcel Thielemans finished third and fourth, but far behind her, the winning song was Net als toen and would be the third Dutch entry in the Eurovision Song Contest. “Net als toen” was released on an EP by Corry Brokken with the title “Grand Prix 1957 Eurovision”, the entry itself did not reach the Dutch single charts and was not an international hit although it would win the Eurovision Song Contest.
Brokken has recorded a German version and a French version of the song, none of the other songs in the national final made any commercial impact. At the Eurovision Song Contest in Frankfurt, the Dutch entry was performed sixth on the night following Austria with “Wohin, kleines Pony. ” and preceding Germany with “Telefon, Corry Brokken was backed by violinist Sem Nijveen, who had a remarkable long solo part. The Netherlands won the Eurovision Song Contest, at the close of voting, the Dutch entry had received 31 points and at least one point from every other country. It would be the clearest victory ever in voting system as they got 31% of all votes and 34. 4% of the votes possible to be received. The Netherlands would be the country to win the contest on its second attempt until Ukraine did so in 2004. Every country had a jury of ten people, every jury member could give one point to his or her favourite song. Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest Eurovision Song Contest 1957 Eurovision Song Contest delootsbod.
dk Information about the national final
Soul music is a popular music genre that originated in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s. It combines elements of African-American gospel music and blues, Soul music became popular for dancing and listening in the United States, where record labels such as Motown and Stax were influential during the Civil Rights Movement. Soul became popular around the world, directly influencing rock music, catchy rhythms, stressed by handclaps and extemporaneous body moves, are an important feature of soul music. Other characteristics are a call and response between the lead vocalist and the chorus and a tense vocal sound. The style occasionally uses improvisational additions and auxiliary sounds, Soul music reflected the African-American identity and it stressed the importance of an African-American culture. The new-found African-American consciousness led to new styles of music, which boasted pride in being black, Soul music dominated the U. S. R&B chart in the 1960s, and many recordings crossed over into the pop charts in the U. S.
By 1968, the music genre had begun to splinter. Some soul artists developed funk music, while other singers and groups developed slicker, more sophisticated, by the early 1970s, soul music had been influenced by psychedelic rock and other genres, leading to psychedelic soul. The United States saw the development of neo soul around 1994, there are several other subgenres and offshoots of soul music. The term soul had been used among African-American musicians to emphasize the feeling of being an African-American in the United States, according to another source, Soul music was the result of the urbanization and commercialization of rhythm and blues in the 60s. The phrase soul music itself, referring to music with secular lyrics, is first attested in 1961. The term soul in African-American parlance has connotations of African-American pride, gospel groups in the 1940s and 1950s occasionally used the term as part of their name. The jazz style that derived from gospel came to be called soul jazz, important innovators whose recordings in the 1950s contributed to the emergence of soul music included Clyde McPhatter, Hank Ballard, and Etta James.
Ray Charles is often cited as popularizing the genre with his string of hits starting with 1954s I Got a Woman. Singer Bobby Womack said, Ray was the genius and he turned the world onto soul music. Charles was open in acknowledging the influence of Pilgrim Travelers vocalist Jesse Whitaker on his singing style, little Richard and James Brown were equally influential. Sam Cooke and Jackie Wilson are acknowledged as soul forefathers. Cooke became popular as the singer of gospel group The Soul Stirrers
Sunshine 106.8 is an easy listening radio station, based in Dublin, Ireland. It is licensed by the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland, as a commercial FM broadcaster, the station broadcasts on 106.8 MHz from Three Rock Mountain to County Dublin and is available on the DAB trial broadcasts in Dublin and Cork. The radio station has studios and offices at Castleforbes House in Dublin 1, the studios at Castleforbes House went live in December 2015. It previously had studios on North Wall Quay in Dublin 1, the station launched in October 2001 from studios in Stillorgan, Co Dublin and was originally identified on-air as Dublins Country 106. 8FM and as Country Mix 106.8. The station was completely re-branded as Sunshine 106.8 in October 2010, the company, is headed up by CEO Sean Ashmore, who has been involved with the company since 2004. Sunshine 106.8 broadcasts 24 hours a day and features an easy listening format, the music output is a broad mix of easy listening music drawn from several genres including soul, country and Irish music.
The station primarily appeals to a 35+ audience, Sunshine 106.8 is the number 3 rated music station in Dublin for 35+ adults and the number 1 music station in Dublin for 45+ adults. The station signed a ten year contract with the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland on 12 September 2014 to continue broadcasting until 2024, the new contract for 2014-2024 allowed the station to re-position itself in the Dublin market. The station adopted the statement of Dublins New Place to Relax from September 2014. Sunshine 106.8 station jingles are produced by Music4, the package has been used by Smooth 95.3 in Sydney. Sunshine 106.8 Sponsorship & Promotions VO is Enda Caldwell, dave Harvey - Radio Nova, 4FM Paschal Mooney - The Paschal Mooney Show Paul Harrington Alan Corcoran - South East Radio. The ex-2FM presenter was at one stage involved with three stations, Dublins Country Mix 106.8, South East Radio and Ocean FM. Keith Shanley - presenter with various radio stations over a 30yr career including CKR, KFM, Midlands 103, South East, KCLR, Christmas Fm and he was part of the Easy Fm Application for a Niche Music Radio Licence for Dublin in 2013/14.
Alan Curry - Actor and Voiceover Talent based in South Australia, arthur Murphy - E-Mail Bag on Ray Darcy Show on Today FM. Singer and former presenter/producer on RTÉ and RTÉ Radio 2 Niall Toner - Presents Roots Freeway on RTÉ Radio 1, the former presenter of Lite Country on Lite FM is a well-known bluesgrass musician. Tommy Greene - East Coast FM and he was with various temporary licensed stations. Bob Conway - Today FM Don Swift - East Coast FM Stephen Keogh - SuperQ102FM, KFM Jim McCabe - 4FM Niall Boylan - Talk Show Host on Classic Hits 4FM, after Country Mix, he set up temporary licensed Real Radio. Has been a deejay in clubs such as Club M in Temple Bar, chris Barry - FM104, Radio Nova, Previously hosted phone-in talk shows on 98FM and Capital Radio Rock104/FM104
Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden, often called MSG or simply The Garden, is a multi-purpose indoor arena in the New York City borough of Manhattan. Located in Midtown Manhattan between 7th and 8th Avenues from 31st to 33rd Streets, it is situated atop Pennsylvania Station. The Garden is used for basketball and ice hockey, as well as boxing, ice shows, professional wrestling and other forms of sports. It is close to other midtown Manhattan landmarks, including the Empire State Building, Koreatown and it is home to the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League, the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association, and residency to singer-songwriter Billy Joel. The Garden opened on February 11,1968, and is the oldest major sporting facility in the New York metropolitan area and it is the oldest arena in the National Hockey League and the second-oldest arena in the National Basketball Association. MSG is the fourth-busiest music arena in the world in terms of sales, behind The O2 Arena. At a total construction cost of approximately $1.1 billion and it is part of the Pennsylvania Plaza office and retail complex.
Several other operating entities related to the Garden share its name, Madison Square is formed by the intersection of 5th Avenue and Broadway at 23rd Street in Manhattan. It was named after James Madison, fourth President of the United States, two venues called Madison Square Garden were located just northeast of the square, the first from 1879 to 1890, and the second from 1890 to 1925. The first Garden, leased to P. T. Barnum, had no roof and was inconvenient to use during inclement weather, Madison Square Garden II was designed by noted architect Stanford White. The new building was built by a syndicate which included J. P. Morgan, Andrew Carnegie, P. T. Barnum, Darius Mills, James Stillman and W. W. Astor. It was 200 feet by 485 feet, and the main hall and it had a 1, 200-seat theatre, a concert hall with a capacity of 1,500, the largest restaurant in the city and a roof garden cabaret. A third Madison Square Garden opened in a new location, on 8th Avenue between 49th and 50th Streets, from 1925 to 1968, groundbreaking on the third Madison Square Garden took place on January 9,1925.
Designed by the theater architect Thomas W. Lamb, it was built at the cost of $4.75 million in 249 days by boxing promoter Tex Rickard. The arena was 200 feet by 375 feet, with seating on three levels, and a capacity of 18,496 spectators for boxing. Demolition commenced in 1968 after the opening of the current Garden and it finished up in early 1969, and the site is now where One Worldwide Plaza is located. The new structure was one of the first of its kind to be built above the platforms of a railroad station. It was an engineering feat constructed by Robert E. McKee of El Paso, public outcry over the demolition of the Pennsylvania Station structure—an outstanding example of Beaux-Arts architecture—led to the creation of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission