ITV Anglia known as Anglia Television or Anglia, is the ITV franchise holder for the East of England. The station is based at Anglia House in Norwich, with regional news bureaux in Cambridge and Northampton. ITV Anglia is operated by ITV plc under the licence name of ITV Broadcasting Limited. ITV Anglia broadcasts to Norfolk, Essex, Northamptonshire, northern Hertfordshire, northern Buckinghamshire, southern Lincolnshire, southern Rutland and a small part of southern Leicestershire, its principal programme nowadays is ITV News Anglia, split into two regional editions, both airing at 6pm on weekdays. Anglia Television launched on 27 October 1959 as an independent company serving the East of England. At launch, Anglia broadcast from the Mendlesham Transmitter, it was soon joined by Sandy Heath and Belmont. Under the chairmanship of Aubrey Buxton the station soon established a reputation for producing excellent drama, through a deal with then-ITV London station Associated Rediffusion. Anglia established the long-running nature documentary series Survival.
During the early 1960s, Anglia looked toward the unserved portion of south-east England, to be served by a transmitter at Dover, as a logical extension to its eastern bailiwick – however, the ITA decided to hand this part of the country to Southern Television instead. In 1973, the IBA planned to transfer the Belmont transmitter which served Lincolnshire, north Norfolk and parts of the East Midlands, away from Anglia to Yorkshire Television; the public protested against such a move in parts of North Norfolk. Anglia decided not to publicly fight the IBA plans, after a board member had agreed to produce a film for the IBA explaining why Anglia should be allowed to keep hold of the Belmont transmitter. On 1 January 1974, the transmitter was transferred. However, by 1976 Anglia had managed posting results of £ 1.47 million. Anglia described the improvement as "satisfactory", its prospects were considered encouraging. In 1975, the technicians' union criticized Anglia over the amount of regional programming being produced at the station, stating it had been decreasing since 1970 to just five hours per week.
The concerns were raised to the IBA, who they believed would be able to construe the rapid decline in programming as the failure of Anglia to not commit to its obligations for the franchise area. During December 1976, Anglia dropped the Thames children's series Pauline's Quirkes as it believed it was not achieving the best level of entertainment for its younger viewers, denied the move was due to the high amount of criticisms over the content of the series. Thames said. In the Autumn of 1977, a commercial Dutch Television company was recording Anglia television signals and transmitting its English programmes, including Coronation Street and Survival, to its viewers in Amsterdam; the Dutch government did not believe it was a violation of Dutch copyright law – EBU legal advisers held discussions about to how resolve the matter. In 1979, a survey carried out by the IBA highlighted Anglia was one of the best known ITV companies – Anglia claimed it was a testament and a strength of its commitment to strong local and national identity.
In 1980, Anglia retained the franchise after defeating a challenge from East of England TV, who wished to operate from Cambridge. In addition, the IBA bowed to public pressure from 70,000 viewers around northern parts of Norfolk who were served by Yorkshire Television via the Belmont Transmitter. Three new low powered relay stations were built. On 9 July 1990, About Anglia was replaced by a new dual news service, with both editions of Anglia News broadcast from Norwich. Journalists were based at seven regional newsrooms and a Westminster bureau. Anglia began providing separate news services for the West of the Anglia region; the two services were replaced with a single pan-regional service in February 2009 as part of major cutbacks to ITV's regional news output, but have latterly been restored as ITV News Anglia. In 1993, Anglia forged a partnership with American pay-TV network HBO, owned by Time Warner. Under this arrangement, Anglia acquired half-ownership in an HBO production subsidiary. In addition, a new company was formed: Anglia Television Entertainment, 51% owned by Anglia and 49% owned by HBO.
In 1993, the station took over the cartoon studio Cosgrove Hall, when it was sold off by its original owners, Thames Television, though it remained based in Manchester. In early 1994, Anglia Television was bought by MAI, who merged with United Newspapers to form United News and Media, they were joined by HTV in 1996. In 2000, following United's aborted merger attempt with Carlton Communications, Granada plc bought the TV assets of United. In 2004, Granada merged with Carlton to form ITV plc, which ended Anglia Television's existence as a separate brand. During its period of UBM ownership, a'youth' channel was launched to cable and satellite from Anglia Television's facilities, Rapture TV. Many early programmes for the newly launched Channel
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Square rig is a generic type of sail and rigging arrangement in which the primary driving sails are carried on horizontal spars which are perpendicular, or square, to the keel of the vessel and to the masts. These spars are called yards and their tips, beyond the last stay, are called the yardarms. A ship so rigged is called a square-rigger; the square rig is aerodynamically the most efficient running rig, stayed popular on ocean-going sailing ships until the end of the Age of Sail. The last commercial sailing ships, were square-rigged four-masted barques. Square-rigged masts may have triangular staysails that are deployed fore-and-aft between masts; the term "square-rigged" can describe individual, four-cornered sails suspended from the horizontal yards, carried on either a square-rigged or a fore-and-aft rigged vessel, such as one with a bermuda rigged or gaff rigged mainsail. "Square-rigged" is used for the uniform of a rating in the Royal Navy since 1857. It is slang and refers to anyone wearing the famous blue square collar on the shoulders and bell-bottomed trousers.
The name reflects the fact that it was these men who managed the square-rigged sails. The peaked cap uniform worn by Senior Ratings and Officers is known colloquially as'fore-and-aft rig'. A mast is considered square-rigged if its lowest sail or course is square-rigged, but if this is the case it will have a complete set of square-rigged sails. If the course is fore-and-aft, square topsails can still be carried in front of the mast. In their heyday, square-rigged vessels ranged in size from small boats to full rigged ships, but this rig fell from favour to fore-and-aft gaff rigs and bermuda rigs after the development of steam power and new materials. Ocean-going sailing ships stayed square-rigged. Square rigs allowed the fitting of many small sails to create a large total sail area to drive large ships. Fore-and-aft could be sailed with fewer crew and were efficient working to windward or reaching, but creating a large total sail area required large sails, which could cause the sails and cordage to break more under the wind.
18th-century warships would achieve tops speeds of 12–13 knots, although average speeds over long distances were as little as half that. Some clipper ships that had square rigs and for whom speed was critical could be much faster; the late windjammers were as fast as the clippers. Not only could a smaller sail be managed by a smaller crew but these smaller sails constrained the impact of weapons on them. A hole from a cannonball affected only one sail's area, whilst a hole in a large sail would tear the whole larger area and reduce more of the vessel's motive power. With the development of more advanced fittings and cordage geared winches, high loads on an individual line became less of an issue, the focus moved to minimising the number of lines and so the size of the crew needed to handle them; this reduced running costs and enlarged the space available in the ship for profitable cargoes. New materials changed sail designs on hybrid vessels carrying some square-rigged sails; the low aspect ratio of square-rigged sails produces much drag for the lift produced, so they have poor performance to windward compared to modern yachts, they cannot sail as close to the wind.
The Bermuda rig is the undisputed champion of windward performance in soft sails, due to its low drag and high lift-to-drag ratio. One advantage of square rigs is that they are more efficient when running, where the high lift to drag is irrelevant and the total drag is the most important issue. Square-rigged sails are less prone to broaching when running than Bermuda rigs. Ocean-going vessels take advantage of prevailing winds such as the trade winds and the westerlies and are thus running. On a square-rigged mast, the sails had names; the lowest square sail was the course, the next sail up the mast was called the topsail, the next the topgallant sail. Many vessels shipped a fourth sail called the royal, above the other three, some more on trades with light winds. Sometimes a vessel might put out studding sails which would be fixed outboard of these sails along the yards. Beginning in the mid-nineteenth century, the topsails and topgallants were each split into upper and lower sails. Sails are referred to by their mast and name, e.g. "the fore mast topgallant sail" shortened to "fore t'gallant", or "fore t'gar'ns'l".
Where no mast is specified, the main mast is implied. The oldest archaeological evidence of use of a square-rig on a vessel is an image on a clay disk from Mesopotamia from 5000BC. Single sail square rigs were used by the ancient Egyptians, the Phoenicians, the Greeks, the Romans, the Celts; the Scandinavians, the Germanic peoples, the Slavs adopted the single square-rigged sail, with it becoming one of the defining characteristics of the classic “Viking” ships. The early, simple square-rigged ships, having only the one square sail, were more limited in their ability to sail into the wind than multi-sail square-riggers. That, along with the vulnerability of a single large sail after guns began to be used in naval warfare, led to the single sail square rig being abandoned beginning in the medieval period, in favor of multi-sail, multi-mast square rigs. On multi-sail, multi-mast v
High Storrs School
High Storrs is a co-educational secondary school and sixth form college on the south-western outskirts of Sheffield, England. High Storrs has a Sixth Form in Ecclesall and is a specialist Arts College in the Performing Arts, with a second specialism in Maths and Computing; the school opened on 10 March 1880 as the Central Higher Grade School in the centre of Sheffield and relocated to its present site at High Storrs in 1933. The Old Centralians was an association for former pupils that operated until 2015; the building housed two separate grammar schools from the 1940s to 1968: High Storrs Grammar School for Boys, High Storrs Grammar School for Girls. It was administered by the Sheffield Education Committee; the buildings were improved in the early 1960s. These were merged into a single comprehensive school, starting in September 1969 with around 1,600 boys and girls. In 1993 a 17-year-old pupil was killed by a wound form a bayonet by a pupil of Notre Dame High School in Endcliffe Park. In 2008 the "Key Stage" system was changed to the Vertical System, where instead of year groups, there are houses with ten forms to each house.
Each form has 6 Y8s, 6 Y9s, 6 Y10s, 6 Y11s and no sixth formers. There are 2 classes of around 30 in each house, so 8 classes. Forms 1–5 are a class and forms 6–10 are a class; this system is meant to encourage friendships with pupils of different ages. The four houses are named after the main four theatres in Sheffield: Crucible, Lyceum and Montgomery. Sixth form students are attached to a vertical form for organisational and mentoring purposes. In 2008 63% of pupils who took GCSE exams achieved the standard of 5 A*–C grades, including Maths and English; this is above both the Local Authority average of 40.8% and the national average of 47.6%. The average points score for AS and A2 Level students was 675.8, below the national average of 739.8. It gets above-average GCSE A-levels at the England average. £27 million was allocated for a complete refurbishment and remodelling of the school under the Government's Building Schools for the Future programme, with £2 million being spent on ICT equipment.
Preparatory work on the field ready for the new temporary teaching rooms began in July 2008. Demolition of the 1960s extensions to the north of the school was completed in November 2008, the project was completed in 2011. Due to the school's Grade II listed status, only the interior of the main school building can be refurbished, with the exterior remaining unchanged. A new extension was built at the north end of the building to replace the old dining rooms, school hall and performing arts block, whilst a second extension was built to replace the 1960s additions at the south end of the school; this includes a modern sports hall. Veronica Hardstaff, Labour MEP 1994–1999 for Lincolnshire and Humberside South and Sheffield City Councillor 1970–1978 and 2002–2007, taught French and German at the girls' school 1963–1966. Nick Matthew, squash player Jessica-Jane Clement, television presenter Tom Ellis, actor Jayne Irving, GMTV presenter Anna Lauren, actress Jack Lester, footballer Chloe Newsome, actress Jessica Ransom, actress Kyle Walker, Manchester City FC & England footballer Michael Jolley, football manager Steve Heighway, Ex Liverpool footballer Judith Bingham, composer Janet Brown, Chief executive since 2007 of the Scottish Qualifications Authority, managing director from 2000–7 of Scottish Enterprise Stella Greenall, involved in the introduction of student grants in 1962 Tessa Bramley, Michelin-starred chef Joseph Ashton OBE, Labour MP from 1968 to 2001 for Bassetlaw Peter Glossop, opera singer Steve Heighway, footballer Paul Heiney, BBC reporter Very Rev Alfred Jowett, Dean of Manchester from 1964 to 1983 Jeff Rawle, actor High Storrs School Website Ofsted Report Ofsted Report EduBase
The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London. It began in 1785 under the title The Daily Universal Register, adopting its current name on 1 January 1788; the Times and its sister paper The Sunday Times are published by Times Newspapers, since 1981 a subsidiary of News UK, itself wholly owned by News Corp. The Times and The Sunday Times do not share editorial staff, were founded independently, have only had common ownership since 1967. In 1959, the historian of journalism Allan Nevins analysed the importance of The Times in shaping the views of events of London's elite: For much more than a century The Times has been an integral and important part of the political structure of Great Britain, its news and its editorial comment have in general been coordinated, have at most times been handled with an earnest sense of responsibility. While the paper has admitted some trivia to its columns, its whole emphasis has been on important public affairs treated with an eye to the best interests of Britain.
To guide this treatment, the editors have for long periods been in close touch with 10 Downing Street. The Times is the first newspaper to have borne that name, lending it to numerous other papers around the world, such as The Times of India and The New York Times. In countries where these other titles are popular, the newspaper is referred to as The London Times or The Times of London, although the newspaper is of national scope and distribution; the Times is the originator of the used Times Roman typeface developed by Stanley Morison of The Times in collaboration with the Monotype Corporation for its legibility in low-tech printing. In November 2006 The Times began printing headlines in Times Modern; the Times was printed in broadsheet format for 219 years, but switched to compact size in 2004 in an attempt to appeal more to younger readers and commuters using public transport. The Sunday Times remains a broadsheet; the Times had an average daily circulation of 417,298 in January 2019. An American edition of The Times has been published since 6 June 2006.
It has been used by scholars and researchers because of its widespread availability in libraries and its detailed index. A complete historical file of the digitised paper, up to 2010, is online from Gale Cengage Learning; the Times was founded by publisher John Walter on 1 January 1785 as The Daily Universal Register, with Walter in the role of editor. Walter had lost his job by the end of 1784 after the insurance company where he worked went bankrupt due to losses from a Jamaican hurricane. Unemployed, Walter began a new business venture. Henry Johnson had invented the logography, a new typography, reputedly faster and more precise. Walter bought the logography's patent and with it opened a printing house to produce a daily advertising sheet; the first publication of the newspaper The Daily Universal Register in Great Britain was 1 January 1785. Unhappy because the word Universal was omitted from the name, Walter changed the title after 940 editions on 1 January 1788 to The Times. In 1803, Walter handed editorship to his son of the same name.
In spite of Walter Sr's sixteen-month stay in Newgate Prison for libel printed in The Times, his pioneering efforts to obtain Continental news from France, helped build the paper's reputation among policy makers and financiers. The Times used contributions from significant figures in the fields of politics, science and the arts to build its reputation. For much of its early life, the profits of The Times were large and the competition minimal, so it could pay far better than its rivals for information or writers. Beginning in 1814, the paper was printed on the new steam-driven cylinder press developed by Friedrich Koenig. In 1815, The Times had a circulation of 5,000. Thomas Barnes was appointed general editor in 1817. In the same year, the paper's printer James Lawson and passed the business onto his son John Joseph Lawson. Under the editorship of Barnes and his successor in 1841, John Thadeus Delane, the influence of The Times rose to great heights in politics and amongst the City of London.
Peter Fraser and Edward Sterling were two noted journalists, gained for The Times the pompous/satirical nickname'The Thunderer'. The increased circulation and influence of the paper was based in part to its early adoption of the steam-driven rotary printing press. Distribution via steam trains to growing concentrations of urban populations helped ensure the profitability of the paper and its growing influence; the Times was the first newspaper to send war correspondents to cover particular conflicts. W. H. Russell, the paper's correspondent with the army in the Crimean War, was immensely influential with his dispatches back to England. In other events of the nineteenth century, The Times opposed the repeal of the Corn Laws until the number of demonstrations convinced the editorial board otherwise, only reluctantly supported aid to victims of the Irish Potato Famine, it enthusiastically supported the Great Reform Bill of 1832, which reduced corruption and increased the electorate from 400,000 people to 800,000 people.
During the American Civil War, The Times represented the view of the wealthy classes, favouring the secessionists, but it was not a supporter of slavery. The third John Walter, the founder's grandson, succeeded his father in 1847; the paper continued as more or less independent, but from t
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. Part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. With some of its southern suburbs annexed from Derbyshire, the city has grown from its industrial roots to encompass a wider economic base; the population of the City of Sheffield is 577,800 and it is one of the eight largest regional English cities that make up the Core Cities Group. Sheffield is the third-largest English district by population; the metropolitan population of Sheffield is 1,569,000. The city is in the eastern foothills of the Pennines, the valleys of the River Don and its four tributaries, the Loxley, the Porter Brook, the Rivelin and the Sheaf. Sixty-one per cent of Sheffield's entire area is green space, a third of the city lies within the Peak District national park. There are more than 250 parks and gardens in the city, estimated to contain around 4.5 million trees. Sheffield played a crucial role in the Industrial Revolution, with many significant inventions and technologies developed in the city.
In the 19th century, the city saw a huge expansion of its traditional cutlery trade, when stainless steel and crucible steel were developed locally, fuelling an tenfold increase in the population. Sheffield received its municipal charter in 1843, becoming the City of Sheffield in 1893. International competition in iron and steel caused a decline in these industries in the 1970s and 1980s, coinciding with the collapse of coal mining in the area; the 21st century has seen extensive redevelopment in Sheffield, along with other British cities. Sheffield's gross value added has increased by 60% since 1997, standing at £9.2 billion in 2007. The economy has experienced steady growth averaging around 5% annually, greater than that of the broader region of Yorkshire and the Humber; the city has a long sporting heritage, is home to the world's oldest football club, Sheffield F. C. Games between the two professional clubs, Sheffield United and Sheffield Wednesday, are known as the Steel City derby; the city is home to the World Snooker Championship and the Sheffield Steelers, the UK's first professional ice hockey team.
The area now occupied by the City of Sheffield is believed to have been inhabited since at least the late Upper Paleolithic, about 12,800 years ago. The earliest evidence of human occupation in the Sheffield area was found at Creswell Crags to the east of the city. In the Iron Age the area became the southernmost territory of the Pennine tribe called the Brigantes, it is this tribe who are thought to have constructed several hill forts around Sheffield. Following the departure of the Romans, the Sheffield area may have been the southern part of the Brittonic kingdom of Elmet, with the rivers Sheaf and Don forming part of the boundary between this kingdom and the kingdom of Mercia. Anglian settlers pushed west from the kingdom of Deira. A Britonnic presence within the Sheffield area is evidenced by two settlements called Wales and Waleswood close to Sheffield; the settlements that grew and merged to form Sheffield, date from the second half of the first millennium, are of Anglo-Saxon and Danish origin.
In Anglo-Saxon times, the Sheffield area straddled the border between the kingdoms of Mercia and Northumbria. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle reports that Eanred of Northumbria submitted to Egbert of Wessex at the hamlet of Dore in 829, a key event in the unification of the kingdom of England under the House of Wessex. After the Norman conquest of England, Sheffield Castle was built to protect the local settlements, a small town developed, the nucleus of the modern city. By 1296, a market had been established at what is now known as Castle Square, Sheffield subsequently grew into a small market town. In the 14th century, Sheffield was noted for the production of knives, as mentioned in Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, by the early 1600s it had become the main centre of cutlery manufacture in England outside London, overseen by the Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire. From 1570 to 1584, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned in Sheffield Castle and Sheffield Manor. During the 1740s, a form of the crucible steel process was discovered that allowed the manufacture of a better quality of steel than had been possible.
In about the same period, a technique was developed for fusing a thin sheet of silver onto a copper ingot to produce silver plating, which became known as Sheffield plate. These innovations spurred Sheffield's growth as an industrial town, but the loss of some important export markets led to a recession in the late 18th and early 19th century; the resulting poor conditions culminated in a cholera epidemic that killed 402 people in 1832. The population of the town grew throughout the 19th century; the Sheffield and Rotherham railway was constructed in 1838. The town was incorporated as a borough in 1842, was granted a city charter in 1893; the influx of people led to demand for better water supplies, a number of new reservoirs were constructed on the outskirts of the town. The collapse of the dam wall of one of these reservoirs in 1864 resulted in the Great Sheffield Flood, which killed 270 people and devastated large parts of the town; the growing population led to the construction of many back-to-back dwellings that, along with severe pollution from the factories, inspired George Orwell in 1937 to write: "Sheffield, I suppose, could justly claim to be called the ugliest town in the Old World".
The Great Depression hit the city in the 1930s, but as international tensions increased and the Second
The Suffolk Horse historically known as the Suffolk Punch or Suffolk Sorrel, is an English breed of draught horse. The breed takes the first part of its name from the county of Suffolk in East Anglia, the name "Punch" from its solid appearance and strength, it is a heavy draught horse, always chestnut in colour, traditionally spelled "chesnut" by the breed registries. Suffolk Punches are known as good doers, tend to have energetic gaits; the breed was developed in the early 16th century, remains similar in phenotype to its founding stock. The Suffolk Punch was developed for farm work, gained popularity during the early 20th century. However, as agriculture became mechanised, the breed fell out of favour from the middle part of the century, disappeared completely. Although the breed's status is listed as critical by the UK Rare Breeds Survival Trust and the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, a resurgence in interest has occurred, population numbers are increasing; the breed pulled artillery and non-motorised commercial vans and buses, as well as being used for farm work.
It was exported to other countries to upgrade local equine stock. Today, they are used for draught work and advertising. Suffolk Punches stand 16.1 to 17.2 hands, weigh 1,980 to 2,200 pounds, are always chestnut in colour. The traditional spelling, still used by the Suffolk Horse Society, is "chesnut". Horses of the breed come in many different shades of chestnut. Suffolk horse breeders in the UK use several different colour terms specific to the breed, including dark liver, dull dark and bright. White markings are rare and limited to small areas on the face and lower legs. Equestrian author Marguerite Henry described the breed by saying, "His color is bright chestnut – like a tongue of fire against black field furrows, against green corn blades, against yellow wheat, against blue horizons. Never is he any other color." The Suffolk Punch tends to be shorter but more massively built than other British heavy draught breeds, such as the Clydesdale or the Shire, as a result of having been developed for agricultural work rather than road haulage.
The breed has a arching neck. Legs are strong, with broad joints; the movement of the Suffolk Punch is said to be energetic at the trot. The breed tends to mature early and be long-lived, is economical to keep, needing less feed than other horses of similar type and size, they are hard workers, said to be willing to "pull a laden wagon till dropped."In the past, the Suffolk was criticised for its poor feet, having hooves that were too small for its body mass. This was corrected by the introduction of classes at major shows in which hoof conformation and structure were judged; this practice, unique among horse breeds, resulted in such an improvement that the Suffolk Punch is now considered to have excellent foot conformation. The Suffolk Punch registry is the oldest English breed society; the first known mention of the Suffolk Punch is in William Camden's Britannia, published in 1586, in which he describes a working horse of the eastern counties of England, recognisable as the Suffolk Punch. This description makes them the oldest breed of horse, recognisable in the same form today.
A detailed genetic study shows that the Suffolk Punch is genetically grouped not only with the Fell and Dales British ponies, but with the European Haflinger. They were developed in Norfolk and Suffolk in the east of England, a isolated area; the local farmers developed the Suffolk Punch for farm work, for which they needed a horse with power, health and docility, they bred the Suffolk to comply with these needs. Because the farmers used these horses on their land, they had any to sell, which helped to keep the bloodlines pure and unchanged; the foundation sire of the modern Suffolk Punch breed was a 15.2 hands stallion foaled near Woodbridge in 1768 and owned by Thomas Crisp of Ufford. At this time, the breed was known as the Suffolk Sorrel; this horse was never named, is known as "Crisp's horse". Although it is thought that this was the first horse of the breed, by the 1760s, all other male lines of the breed had died out, resulting in a genetic bottleneck. Another bottleneck occurred in the late 18th century.
In 1784, the breed was described as "15 hands high and compact with bony legs light sorrel in color, tractable, strong" and with "shoulders loaded with flesh". During its development, the breed was influenced by the Norfolk Trotter, Norfolk Cob, the Thoroughbred; the uniform colouring derives in part from a small trotting stallion named Blakes Farmer, foaled in 1760. Other breeds were crossbred in an attempt to increase the size and stature of the Suffolk Punch, as well as to improve the shoulders, but they had little lasting influence, the breed remains much as it was before any crossbreeding took place; the Suffolk Horse Society, formed in Britain in 1877 to promote the Suffolk Punch, published its first stud book in 1880. The first official exports of Suffolks to Canada took place in 1865. In 1880, the first Suffolks were imported into the United States, with more following in 1888 and 1903 to begin the breeding of Suffolk Punches in the US; the American Suffolk Horse Association was established and published its first stud book in 1907.