Quebec Autoroute 40
Autoroute 40 known as Autoroute Félix-Leclerc outside Montreal and Metropolitan Autoroute/Autoroute Métropolitaine within Montreal, is a freeway on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River in the Canadian province of Quebec, it is one of the two major connections between Montreal and Quebec City, the other being Autoroute 20 on the south shore of the St. Lawrence. Autoroute 40 is 347 km long. Between the Ontario–Quebec boundary and the interchange with Autoroute 25, the route is signed as part of the Trans-Canada Highway; the western terminus of Autoroute 40 is located at the Ontario–Quebec border, where it continues as Highway 417 towards Ottawa. The portion of Autoroute 40 from the Ontario border to Autoroute 25 is part of the Trans-Canada Highway; the Metropolitan Autoroute portion in Montreal is the busiest highway in Quebec, the busiest section of the Trans-Canada Highway, as well as the second busiest highway section overall in Canada after Highway 401 in Toronto. Two sections of Autoroute 40 were not part of the original plans: The original intention was to bypass Trois-Rivières to the north.
In addition, a different route was planned around Sainte-Foy south of Jean Lesage International Airport. While the right-of-ways of both bypasses still exist and may still be developed in the future as congestion increases, there are no immediate plans to renew construction; some discussion of eastward extensions of A-40 into the Charlevoix region and beyond have taken place, most to Route 360 in Beaupré or as far as Route 362 in La Malbaie since tourism in the region is increasing. A 25 km stretch of the highway in Pointe-Claire, from St. John's Boulevard, near Fairview Pointe-Claire Shopping Centre, to the turnaround loop, Senneville Road was used during the 1976 Summer Olympics for the men's road team time trial cycling race. In 1997, the highway was renamed Autoroute Félix-Leclerc after the late Quebec artist and political activist Félix Leclerc. Prior to 1997, Autoroute 40 east of Montreal had four different names, the first section was named Autoroute de la Rive-Nord between Montréal and Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures.
A segment in Trois-Rivières east of Autoroute 55, named Autoroute de Francheville. Between Saint-Augustin and Autoroute 73 in Quebec City it was called Autoroute Charest. Between the junction of Autoroute 73 and Autoroute 573 and its eastern end at Route 138 it was known as Autoroute de la Capitale, a name, still used by Quebec City residents. List of crossings of the Ottawa River List of bridges in Montreal Metropolitan Expressway at Steve Anderson's MontrealRoads.com A-40 at Exitlists.com A-40 at Quebec Autoroutes Virtual tour of A-40 Transports Quebec Map
TD Place Stadium
TD Place Stadium is an outdoor stadium in Ottawa, Canada. It is located at Lansdowne Park, on the southern edge of The Glebe neighbourhood, where Bank Street crosses the Rideau Canal, it is the home of the Ottawa Redblacks of the Canadian Football League and the Ottawa Fury FC of the United Soccer League. The playing field has existed since the 1870s, the complete stadium since 1908; the stadium has been host to FIFA tournaments, Summer Olympic Games, seven Grey Cups. The playing field, part of the Ottawa Exposition Grounds, was first cleared in the 1870s, it was used for equestrian events and rugby football. The first permanent grandstand was built on the north side of the playing field in 1908, it was demolished in 1967 to build a new set of stands with an integrated ice hockey arena underneath known as the Ottawa Civic Centre. A small grandstand was built in the 1920s on the south-side of the field, it was replaced in 1960. A second deck for the south-side was added during the 1970s; as of 2008, prior to lower south-side demolition, the overall stadium had a 30,927 capacity for football.
In the late 1990s, the stadium was threatened with demolition when then-city councillor Jim Watson led a drive by the municipal government to allow a private developer to reconfigure Lansdowne Park. The proposals submitted. Massive public opposition and the realization that the end of the stadium would mean the end of hopes to return CFL football to the capital led the regional government to step in to end the scheme. In 2001, one year before the Ottawa Renegades began play, the stadium was the first in the CFL to have a next-generation artificial playing surface installed. For many years, the stadium was known as Lansdowne Park, after the fairgrounds in which it was located, it was renamed in 1993 to honour Frank Clair and general manager for the Ottawa Rough Riders during the 1960s and 1970s. In September 2007, the lower south side stands were closed because of cracks in the concrete structure. After the closure of the stands, then-Ottawa mayor Larry O'Brien was quoted at the time that this was an opportunity to do a review of the usage and the facilities of Lansdowne Park.
Subsequently, a process was started called "Design Lansdowne" to get public consultations on the Park and the stadium. After an engineering study of the north-side and south-side grandstands, the south-side stands were condemned; the lower section of the stands was demolished by controlled implosion on July 2008 at 8:03 am. During the summer of 2008, a consortium of investors was formed to pursue a new CFL team in Ottawa, they bid and received a conditional franchise from the CFL, with the condition that the stadium would need to be upgraded before the franchise could be activated. Jeff Hunt, one of the principal investors and owner of the Ottawa 67's who play in the attached arena, stated that the venue and location are ideal, with over a million people in Ottawa; the organization had already pre-sold 5,000 season tickets. In the fall of 2008, the consortium, known as Ottawa Sports and Entertainment Group, approached the City with a plan to redevelop Lansdowne Park and rebuild the stadium using the proceeds from turning a section of the park into commercial and retail space.
The plan, entitled Lansdowne Live! was ambitious and included plans to redevelop all sections of the park. The City, which had received a competing stadium proposal for Kanata, reviewed the plans and agreed to a conditional agreement with OSEG. OSEG would concentrate on the stadium and commercial/residential precinct, Ottawa would return the rest of Lansdowne Park to green space. Faced with opposition to the plan, the City proceeded with the proposal, seeking out legal opinions, traffic studies, an urban park design competition for Lansdowne. In June 2010 it was announced that Ottawa City Council had approved a redevelopment plan put forward by OSEG to renovate Frank Clair Stadium and build 350,000 sq ft of commercial retail space, 250 housing units and an urban park on the site; the stadium, the catalyst to bring the CFL back to Ottawa is to be rent-free to developers for 30 years. Proceeds from the retail and commercial precinct would be shared, the retail and commercial precinct brought under City control after 30 years.
Completion of the overall development was scheduled for 2015. The OSEG proposal for the stadium envisioned tearing down all of the south-side stands, replacing the stands with a new structure with private boxes and a unique wood-wrapping around the exterior; the north-side stands were to be renovated to current standards, the north-side exterior expanded to include a retail component. In September 2010, the Ottawa Fury joined the plan to redevelop Lansdowne. On June 20, 2011, Ottawa was awarded a professional soccer franchise in the North American Soccer League to start play in 2014. In November 2011, demolition of the rest of the south side stands started; the contract to demolish the stands was awarded for $550,000. Unlike the lower stands, the upper stands structure was demolished piece-by-piece rather than controlled implosion; the concrete and steel from the structure was recycled, the seats re-used at a new rink at Ottawa City Hall. Demolition was completed by January 2012. On January 7, 2014, Frank Clair Stadium and the Civic Centre Arena were renamed TD Place under a new sponsorship deal with the Toronto–Dominion Bank.
The stadium was completed for the first Ottawa Redblacks home game on July 18, 2014. The Ottawa Fury opened their fall season on the same weekend after playing their previous home games that year at Ke
Kingston is a city in Eastern Ontario, Canada. It is on the eastern end of Lake Ontario, at the beginning of the St. Lawrence River and at the mouth of the Cataraqui River; the city is midway between Toronto and Montreal, Quebec. The Thousand Islands tourist region is nearby to the east. Kingston is nicknamed the "Limestone City" because of the many heritage buildings constructed using local limestone. Growing European exploration in the 17th century and the desire for the Europeans to establish a presence close to local Native occupants to control trade led to the founding of a French trading post and military fort at a site known as "Cataraqui" in 1673; this outpost, called Fort Cataraqui, Fort Frontenac, became a focus for settlement. Cataraqui would be renamed Kingston after the British took possession of the fort and Loyalists began settling the region in the 1780s. Kingston was named the first capital of the United Province of Canada on February 10, 1841. While its time as a capital city was short, the community has remained an important military installation.
Kingston was the county seat of Frontenac County until 1998. Kingston is now a separate municipality from the County of Frontenac. A number of origins of "Cataraqui", Kingston's original name, have been postulated. One is it is derived from the Iroquois word that means "the place where one hides"; the name may be derivations of Native words that mean "impregnable", "muddy river", "place of retreat", "clay bank rising out of the water", "where the rivers and lake meet", or "rocks standing in water". Cataraqui was referred to as "the King's Town" or "King's Town" by 1787 in honour of King George III; the name was shortened to "Kingston" in 1788. Cataraqui today refers to an area around the intersection of Princess Street and Sydenham Road, where a village which took that name was located. Cataraqui is the name of a municipal electoral district. Archaeological evidence suggests. Evidence of Late Woodland Period early Iroquois occupation exists; the first more permanent encampments by aboriginal people in the Kingston area began about 500 AD.
The group that first occupied the area before the arrival of the French was the Wyandot people, who were displaced by Iroquoian groups. At the time the French arrived in the Kingston area, Five Nations Iroquois had settled along the north shore of Lake Ontario. Although the area around the south end of the Cataraqui River was visited by Iroquois and other groups, Iroquois settlement at this location only began after the French established their outpost. By 1700, the north shore Iroquois had moved south, the area once occupied by the Iroquois became occupied by the Mississaugas who had moved south from the Lake Huron and Lake Simcoe regions. European commercial and military influence and activities centred on the fur trade developed and increased in North America in the 17th century. Fur trappers and traders were spreading out from their centres of operation in New France. French explorer Samuel de Champlain visited the Kingston area in 1615. To establish a presence on Lake Ontario for the purpose of controlling the fur trade with local indigenous people, Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor of New France established Fort Cataraqui to be called Fort Frontenac, at a location known as Cataraqui in 1673.
The fort served as a trading post and military base, attracted indigenous and European settlement. In 1674, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was appointed commandant of the fort. From this base, de La Salle explored south as far as the Gulf of Mexico; the fort was experienced periods of abandonment. The Iroquois siege of 1688 led to many deaths, after which the French destroyed the fort, but would rebuild it; the British destroyed the fort during the Battle of Fort Frontenac in 1758 and its ruins remained abandoned until the British took possession and reconstructed it in 1783. The fort was renamed Tête-de-Pont Barracks in 1787, it is still being used by the military. It was renamed Fort Frontenac in 1939. Reconstructed parts of the original fort can be seen today at the western end of the La Salle Causeway. In 1783, Frederick Haldimand, governor of the Province of Quebec directed Deputy Surveyor-General John Collins to lay out a settlement for displaced British colonists, or "Loyalists", who were fleeing north because of the American Revolutionary War and "minutely examine the situation and site of the Post occupied by the French, the land and country adjacent".
Haldimand had considered the site as a possible location to settle loyal Mohawks. The survey would determine whether Cataraqui was suitable as a navy base since nearby Carleton Island on which a British navy base was located had been ceded to the Americans after the war. Holland's report about the old French post mentioned "every part surpassed the favorable idea I had formed of it", that it had "advantageous Situations" and that "the harbour is in every respect Good and most conveniently situated to command Lake Ontario". Major John Ross, commanding officer of the King's Royal Regiment of New York at Oswego rebuilt Fort Frontenac in 1783; as commander, he played a significant role in establishing the Cataraqui settlement. To facilitate settlement, the British Crown entered into an agreement with the Mississaugas in October 1783 to purchase land east of the Bay of Quinte. Known as the Crawford Purchase, this agreement enabled se
Montreal Botanical Garden
The Montreal Botanical Garden is a large botanical garden in Montreal, Canada comprising 75 hectares of thematic gardens and greenhouses. It was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 2008 as it is considered to be one of the most important botanical gardens in the world due to the extent of its collections and facilities; the botanical garden is located at 4101 Sherbrooke Street East, at the corner of Pie-IX and Sherbrooke Streets, in Maisonneuve Park, located in the borough of Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie, facing Montreal's Olympic Stadium. It contains a greenhouse complex full of plants from around the world, a number of large outdoor gardens, each with a specific theme; the outdoor gardens are bare and covered with snow from about November until about April, but the greenhouses are open to visitors year round, hosting the annual Butterflies Go Free exhibit from February to April. The garden was founded in 1931, in the height of the Great Depression, by mayor Camillien Houde, after years of campaigning by Brother Marie-Victorin.
The grounds were designed by Henry Teuscher, while the Art Deco style administration building was designed by architect Lucien F. Kéroack, it serves to educate the public in general and students of horticulture in particular, as well as to conserve endangered plant species. The grounds are home to a botanical research institution, to the Société d'astronomie de Montréal, to the Montreal Insectarium. While it charges admission, city residents can obtain a pass granting free admission to the outdoor gardens, so many people visit even if only to sit under the trees; the nearest metro station is Pie-IX, located on the corner of the Olympic Stadium. The Montreal Botanical Garden is one of four nature-focused attractions belonging to the City of Montreal in the Space for Life museum district; the others are the Biodome, the Insectarium, the Rio Tinto Alcan Planetarium, all of which are near the Olympic Stadium. The Chinese Garden is constructed along the traditional lines for a Ming Dynasty Chinese garden.
Covering 2.5 hectares, it has many winding paths, an artificial mountain, a building in the Chinese style housing a collection of bonsai and penjing that have been donated. The garden is populated with Chinese plants; the garden was constructed from 1990-1991 by 50 artisans from the Shanghai Institute of Landscape Design and Architecture, directed by Le Weizhong. The project required 120 containers of material imported from Shanghai, including 500 tonnes of stone from Lake Tai in Jiangsu province; the Japanese Garden was created in 1988 under the direction of designer Ken Nakajima. Its 2.5 hectares are populated with Japanese plants, it contains a building in the Japanese style containing an exhibit on tea. The Japanese tea ceremony is performed there during the summer, anyone can take classes to learn more about it. Other traditional Japanese arts, such as Iaido and Ikebana are demonstrated there as well, it includes a large koi pond. The garden hosts an annual Hiroshima memorial ceremony on the 5th of August, with the hourly ringing of a Japanese Peace Bell made in Hiroshima.
The First Nations Garden was opened in 2001 to honour and present the cultures of the indigenous population of Canada. Species endemic to Quebec and other North American regions are kept in the garden, it has several totem exhibits demonstrating traditional artwork and construction methods. The Alpine Garden has several paths winding over a rocky outcrop, covered with tiny, delicate alpine plants. Other gardens include the poisonous plants garden, the economic plants exhibit, the flowery brook, an arboretum; the botanical gardens are the home to some wildlife. The Lion de la Feuillée is a sculpture located inside the Montreal Botanical Garden; the huge lion that lies at the entrance to the rose garden was donated by the city of Lyon on the occasion of the 350th anniversary of Montreal in 1992. The first bridge over the Feuillée was open to the public on 28 September 1831 in the heart of the city of Lyon, France; the Feuillée Lion is one of four castings of the original work, created by René Dardel.
During the reconstruction of the bridge in 1910, the four lions were relocated. In 1992, one of them was brought to Montreal. During the 1976 Summer Olympics, it hosted the 20 km walk athletics and the running part of the modern pentathlon event. Pierre Bourque 1980–1994 André Bouchard 1994–? Official Homepage of the Montreal Botanical Garden: Photos of the annual butterfly exhibit and greenhouses Botanical Garden photos Lion de La Feuillée Montreal Botanical Gardens: Le Lion de la Feuillée sculpture in Montreal
Olympic Village (Montreal)
The Olympic Village is a twin-tower structure in Montreal, Canada built as the athletes' residence for the 1976 Summer Olympics. Designed by architects Roger D'Astous and Luc Durand, it was built massively over budget by a consortium of architects, including Joseph Zappia, convicted of fraud in connection with his involvement with the building. Construction was overseen by René Lépine, Chairman of Groupe Lépine, his associates through the company Zarolega Inc. Construction overruns were so drastic that the Olympic Installations Board seized the complex after its original estimate of $30 million ballooned to $90 million; the Olympic Village is situated in Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie, with the entrance on the northeast corner of Sherbrooke Street East and Viau Street and the building extending along Sherbrooke Street as far as De L'Assomption Boulevard. Its design was chosen by Mayor Jean Drapeau to imitate a similar structure in the South of France and was criticized for its exposed walkways, as some noted that they were unsuitable for winter climate.
All the athletes were housed there, except those participating in equestrian sports and sailing, who were housed in residences set up in Bromont and Kingston, Ontario. The Régie du logement has an court rooms on the ground floor. In 1998, Metcap Living Inc. bought the buildings from the Régie des Installations Olympiques for $64.5 million. In 2004, El-Ad Group bought the buildings from Metcap Living Inc. In 2012, El-Ad Group expressed their interest to sell the buildings. On August 6, 2012, it was reported. 1976 Summer Olympics Maisonneuve Park Media related to Olympic Village, Montreal at Wikimedia Commons A view on cities: Village olympique
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario. Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; as of 2016, Ottawa had a city population of 964,743 and a metropolitan population of 1,323,783 making it the fourth-largest city and the fifth-largest CMA in Canada. Founded in 1826 as Bytown, incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into the political centre of Canada, its original boundaries were expanded through numerous annexations and were replaced by a new city incorporation and amalgamation in 2001 which increased its land area. The city name "Ottawa" was chosen in reference to the Ottawa River, the name of, derived from the Algonquin Odawa, meaning "to trade". Ottawa has the most educated population among Canadian cities and is home to a number of post-secondary and cultural institutions, including the National Arts Centre, the National Gallery, numerous national museums. Ottawa has the highest standard of living in low unemployment.
With the draining of the Champlain Sea around ten thousand years ago, the Ottawa Valley became habitable. Local populations used the area for wild edible harvesting, fishing, trade and camps for over 6500 years; the Ottawa river valley has archaeological sites with arrow heads and stone tools. Three major rivers meet within Ottawa, making it an important trade and travel area for thousands of years; the Algonquins called the Ottawa River Kichi Sibi or Kichissippi meaning "Great River" or "Grand River". Étienne Brûlé regarded as the first European to travel up the Ottawa River, passed by Ottawa in 1610 on his way to the Great Lakes. Three years Samuel de Champlain wrote about the waterfalls in the area and about his encounters with the Algonquins, using the Ottawa River for centuries. Many missionaries would follow the early traders; the first maps of the area used the word Ottawa, derived from the Algonquin word adawe, to name the river. Philemon Wright, a New Englander, created the first settlement in the area on 7 March 1800 on the north side of the river, across from the present day city of Ottawa in Hull.
He, with five other families and twenty-five labourers, set about to create an agricultural community called Wrightsville. Wright pioneered the Ottawa Valley timber trade by transporting timber by river from the Ottawa Valley to Quebec City. Bytown, Ottawa's original name, was founded as a community in 1826 when hundreds of land speculators were attracted to the south side of the river when news spread that British authorities were constructing the northerly end of the Rideau Canal military project at that location; the following year, the town was named after British military engineer Colonel John By, responsible for the entire Rideau Waterway construction project. The canal's military purpose was to provide a secure route between Montreal and Kingston on Lake Ontario, bypassing a vulnerable stretch of the St. Lawrence River bordering the state of New York that had left re-supply ships bound for southwestern Ontario exposed to enemy fire during the War of 1812. Colonel By set up military barracks on the site of today's Parliament Hill.
He laid out the streets of the town and created two distinct neighbourhoods named "Upper Town" west of the canal and "Lower Town" east of the canal. Similar to its Upper Canada and Lower Canada namesakes "Upper Town" was predominantly English speaking and Protestant whereas "Lower Town" was predominantly French and Catholic. Bytown's population grew to 1,000 as the Rideau Canal was being completed in 1832. Bytown encountered some impassioned and violent times in her early pioneer period that included Irish labour unrest that attributed to the Shiners' War from 1835 to 1845 and political dissension evident from the 1849 Stony Monday Riot. In 1855 Bytown was incorporated as a city. William Pittman Lett was installed as the first city clerk guiding it through 36 years of development. On New Year's Eve 1857, Queen Victoria, as a symbolic and political gesture, was presented with the responsibility of selecting a location for the permanent capital of the Province of Canada. In reality, Prime Minister John A. Macdonald had assigned this selection process to the Executive Branch of the Government, as previous attempts to arrive at a consensus had ended in deadlock.
The "Queen's choice" turned out to be the small frontier town of Ottawa for two main reasons: Firstly, Ottawa's isolated location in a back country surrounded by dense forest far from the Canada–US border and situated on a cliff face would make it more defensible from attack. Secondly, Ottawa was midway between Toronto and Kingston and Montreal and Quebec City. Additionally, despite Ottawa's regional isolation it had seasonal water transportation access to Montreal over the Ottawa River and to Kingston via the Rideau Waterway. By 1854 it had a modern all season Bytown and Prescott Railway that carried passengers and supplies the 82-kilometres to Prescott on the Saint Lawrence River and beyond. Ottawa's small size, it was thought, would make it less prone to rampaging politically motivated mobs, as had happened in the previous Canadian capitals; the government owned the land that would become Parliament Hill which they thought would be an ideal location for the Parliament Buildings. Ottawa was th