Anambra is a state in southeastern Nigeria. Its name was inspired by one of its Northern and riverine clans Anam but merged with "branch"; the colonialists who travelled from the present day Anambra region to present Northern Nigeria described where they were coming from as "Anam branch". The term coupled with Omambala, the Igbo name of the Anambra River formed the name Anambra; the capital and seat of government is Awka. Onitsha, a historic port city from pre-colonial times, has developed as by far the largest urban area in the state; the state's theme is "Light of the nation". Boundaries are formed by Delta State to the west, Imo State and Rivers State to the south, Enugu State to the east, Kogi State to the north; the name was derived from the Anambra River m which flows through the area and is a tributary of the River Niger. The indigenous ethnic groups in Anambra state are the Igbo and a small population of Igala, who live in the north-western part of the state. Anambra is the eighth-most populated state in the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the second-most densely populated state in Nigeria after Lagos State.
The stretch of more than 45 km between the towns of Oba and Amorka contains a cluster of numerous thickly populated villages and small towns, giving the area an estimated average density of 1,500–2,000 persons per square kilometre. Anambra is rich in natural gas, crude oil and ceramic, it has an 100 percent arable soil. Anambra state has many other resources in terms of agro-based activities such as fisheries and farming, as well as land cultivated for pasturing and animal husbandry, it has the lowest poverty rate in Nigeria. In the year 2006, a foundation-laying ceremony for the first Nigerian private refinery, Orient Petroleum Refinery, was made at Aguleri area; the Orient Petroleum Resource Ltd, owners of OPR, was licensed in June 2002, by the Federal Government to construct a private refinery with a capacity of 55,000 barrels per day. In 2012, following the efforts of Governor Peter Obi and other stakeholders of Orient Petroleum, Anambra State became an oil-producing state; the indigenous company struck oil in the Anambra River basin.
On August 2, 2015, the management of Orient Petroleum Resources Plc said the company planned to increase its crude oil production to 3,000 barrels per day by September 2015, as it stepped up production activities in two new oil wells in its Aguleri oil fields. An indigenous company and Stanley Ltd, was to establish a gas plant at Umueje in Ayamelum Local Government Area to support economic activities in the oil and gas industry in the state. Since the late 1990s, there has been a migration from rural to urban areas in the state, resulting in Anambra becoming a urbanized state: 62% of its population lives in urban areas. In October 2015, the APGA-led state government of Willie Obiano signed a memorandum of understanding with Galway modular housing company, Affordable Building Concepts International, for 10,000 housing units to be built in the state. Given decades of neglect of infrastructure and bad governance, the shift in human migration has posed problems for the state. Infrastructure improvements, both physical and social, have lagged behind the growth in population.
There are problems in environmental sanitation, erosion control, provision of social services. Major cities have become characterized by inadequate and deteriorated road networks and walkways, unregulated building patterns, poor sanitation, uncontrolled street trading, mountains of garbage, chaotic transport systems, creating congestion, noise pollution, overcrowding; the government of Peter Obi, with the assistance of the UN-HABITAT, produced 20-year structural plans for three major cities in the State: Onitsha and Awka Capital Territory, to restore urban planning and guide their growth into the future. The plans contain policies and proposals for land use, city beautification, road infrastructure, industrial development, waste disposal, water supply and health and educational facilities to turn the cities into successful urban areas that can generate employment and wealth, provide high living standards for their residents. Anambra became the first state in Nigeria to adopt Structural Plans for its cities.
With effective implementation, it should systematically grow as a major economic center in Nigeria and West Africa. The process of urbanization is contributed by population growth, immigration and infrastructure initiatives like good road, water and gardens, resulting in the growth of villages into towns, town into cities and cities into metros. To have ecologically feasible development, planning requires an understanding of the growth dynamics. There is a fear that if too many people leave the villages, only the aged men and women will be left to farm; this pattern has been seen in Amesi and Achina towns in Aguata local government area. They have been important in the production of yam and cassava through consistent agriculture, but such activities have suffered due to the out-migration of youth to the urban centres. There has been both food scarcity in the over-population in urban areas. To upgrade the State capital and improve traffic, Governor Willie Obiano signed off on construction of three fly-overs between the Amawbia and Arroma end of the Enugu-Onitsha Expressway, a distance of about three kilometres within the city.
Agulu Crocodile Lake is located along Awka road in Agulu, Anaocha Local Government Area of the state. A potential tourist site, it is home to water turtles. Fishing is not allowed on the lake; as the crocodiles are considered sacred animals, they cannot be killed. Legend says that t
Nigeria the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean; the federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular country. Nigeria has been home to states over the millennia; the modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures while practising indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960, it experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.
Nigeria is referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy. With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has the third-largest youth population in the world, after India and China, with more than 90 million of its population under age 18; the country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa and Yoruba. The official language is English. Nigeria is divided in half between Christians, who live in the southern part of the country, Muslims, who live in the north. A minority of the population practice religions indigenous to Nigeria, such as those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicities; as of 2015, Nigeria is the world's 20th largest economy, worth more than $500 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and purchasing power parity respectively. It overtook South Africa to become Africa's largest economy in 2014.
The 2013 debt-to-GDP ratio was 11 percent. Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank. However, it has a "low" Human Development Index, ranking 152nd in the world. Nigeria is a member of the MINT group of countries, which are seen as the globe's next "BRIC-like" economies, it is listed among the "Next Eleven" economies set to become among the biggest in the world. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many other international organizations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations and OPEC; the name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. This name was coined in the late 19th century by British journalist Flora Shaw, who married Lord Lugard, a British colonial administrator; the origin of the name Niger, which applied only to the middle reaches of the Niger River, is uncertain. The word is an alteration of the Tuareg name egerew n-igerewen used by inhabitants along the middle reaches of the river around Timbuktu prior to 19th-century European colonialism.
The Nok civilisation of Northern Nigeria flourished between 500 BC and AD 200, producing life-sized terracotta figures that are some of the earliest known sculptures in Sub-Saharan Africa. Further north, the cities Kano and Katsina have a recorded history dating to around 999 AD. Hausa kingdoms and the Kanem–Bornu Empire prospered as trade posts between North and West Africa; the Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people consolidated in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in 1911. Nri was ruled by the Eze Nri, the city of Nri is considered to be the foundation of Igbo culture. Nri and Aguleri, where the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umeuri clan. Members of the clan trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri. In West Africa, the oldest bronzes made using the lost-wax process were from Igbo-Ukwu, a city under Nri influence; the Yoruba kingdoms of Ife and Oyo in southwestern Nigeria became prominent in the 12th and 14th centuries, respectively.
The oldest signs of human settlement at Ife's current site date back to the 9th century, its material culture includes terracotta and bronze figures. Oyo, at its territorial zenith in the late 17th to early 18th centuries, extended its influence from western Nigeria to modern-day Togo; the Edo's Benin Empire is located in southwestern Nigeria. Benin's power lasted between the 19th centuries, their dominance reached further. At the beginning of the 19th century, Usman dan Fodio directed a successful jihad and created and led the centralised Fulani Empire; the territory controlled by the resultant state included much of modern-day northern and central Nigeria. For centuries, various peoples in modern-day Nigeria traded overland with traders from North Africa. Cities in the area became regional centres in a broad network of trade routes that spanned western and northern Africa. In the 16th century, Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to begin significant, direct trade with peoples of modern-day Nigeria, at the port they named Lago
Adekunle Shamusideen Lawal B. Sc. Eng. M. Sc. Eng. CMarEng. FIMarEng. FSS. PSC.. Lawal was a Nigerian Naval Admiral, born on 8 February 1934 to parents Mr Ayinde Sulemon Lawal and Madam Ejide Afusat Disu-Lawal in Lagos, Western Region, British Nigeria now Lagos State Nigeria, he was appointed Military Governor of Lagos State in July 1975-1977 after the coup that brought General Murtala Mohammed to power. He held the position of Lagos State Military Governor until 1977 when he was transferred to become governor of Imo State in 1977, he held this position until July 1978. Admiral Adekunle Shamusideen Lawal started his early education at Holy Cross Cathedral School, Nigeria. St Peters Faji School, Lagos Nigeria, his secondary education was completed at the Methodist Boys’ High School in Lagos, he studied at College of Technology, Lagos, after which he went on to receive his Advanced Level Certificate of Education in three subjects. He worked with the Ministry of Works and Survey in Nigeria as Assistant Technical Officer.
He attended the Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria, from where he graduated in 1963 with B. Sc. Honors, he has a CMarEng and FIMarEng and CNSE and FNSE. His additions professional qualifications include FSS and PSC. Admiral Adekunle Shamusideen Lawal joined the Royal Nigerian Navy in September 1963 as a Sub-Lieutenant. In 1964 he was promoted to Lieutenant. In March 1964 he attended a Marine Engineering course with the Royal Naval Ships in Rotterdam, Holland. In 1966 he was promoted to Lieutenant Commander. From 1969 to 1971, Admiral Adekunle Shamusideen Lawal attended the Defence Naval Staff College in Wellington, where he received his M. Sc.. He was Chief of Material in the Nigerian Navy from 1973 to 1978 and was a member of the Supreme Military Council S. M. C. from 1972 to 1975 during the General Yakubu Gowon administration. Admiral Adekunle Shamusideen Lawal was appointed to the Board of the Nigerian Port Authority as a full Board Member from 1972 to 1975. Admiral Adekunle Lawal served as the Chief Engineer on numerous naval vessels including the NNS OGOJA, NNS BEECROFT and the NNS Nigeria during his time with the Nigerian Navy.
Admiral Adekunle Shamusideen Lawal was appointed military governor of Lagos State in 1975. As the governor of the most populated state in Nigeria, one of the major challenges faced by his administration was managing the chaotic traffic problem in the state. During the World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture, he implemented an odd-even rationing traffic system to ease congestion in the state. Car owners whose license plates begin with numbers were not allowed on most streets on Mondays and Fridays, those with odd numbers on Tuesdays and Saturdays. Admiral Adekunle Shamusideen Lawal voluntarily retired from the Nigerian Navy as an admiral in 1979, after an illness he died in November 1980, he is survived by his wife Mrs. Taiwo Olufunmilayo Lawal, whom he married in Lagos in 1965, his six children
Cross River State
Cross River is a state in South Nigeria, bordering Cameroon to the east. Its capital is Calabar, its name is derived from the Cross River, which passes through the state. English, Bekwarra and Efik are major languages of this state. Cross River State derives its name from the Cross River, it is a coastal state located in the Niger Delta region, occupies 20,156 square kilometers. It shares boundaries with Benue State to the north and Abia States to the west, to the east by Cameroon Republic and to the south by Akwa-Ibom and the Atlantic Ocean; the South-South State was created on 27 May 1967 from the former Eastern Region, Nigeria by the General Yakubu Gowon regime. Its name was changed to Cross River State in the 1976 state creation exercise by the General Murtala Mohammed regime from South Eastern State; the present day Akwa Ibom State was excised from it in the state creation exercise of September 1987 by the regime of General Ibrahim Babangida. Its capital is Calabar, its major towns are Akamkpa, Calabar South, Igede, Odukpani, Bekwarra, Obudu, Akpabuyo, Iso-bendghe, Boki, Bendeghe Ekiem, Etomi and Ukelle.
The state has been governed by many governors and administrators including Udoakaha J. Esuene, Paul Omu, Tunde Elegbede, Clement Isong, Donald Etiebet, Daniel Archibong, Ibim Princewill, Ernest Atta, Clement Ebri, Ibrahim Kefas, Gregory Agboneni, Umar Faoruk Ahmed, Christopher Osondu, Donald Duke, Liyel Imoke and Benedict Ayade; the Current Governor is Benedict Ayade, sworn into office on 29 May 2015. The State is composed of several ethnic groups, which include the Efik, the Ejagham, Bette, Igede and the Bekwarra. There are four major languages spoken in the state: French, Efik and Ejagham; the Efik language is spoken in the southern part of Cross River State in Calabar Municipality, Calabar South, Akpabuyo and Odukpani Local Government Areas. The Ejagham language is the most spoken language in Cross River State; the Efik-speaking people live in the Southern senatorial districts of Cross River, or as it is referred to, the Greater Calabar district, which includes Calabar Municipality, Calabar South, Biase, Akpabuyo and Akamkpa LGAs.
There is the Qua community in Calabar, which speaks Ejagham. The main Ejagham group occupies the Greater Calabar areas of Calabar Municipality, Odukpani and Akampkpa sections of Cross River State. There are the Yakurr/Agoi/Bahumono ethnic groups in Yakurr and Abi LGA, while the Mbembe are predominantly found in Obubra LGA. Further up the core northern part of the state are several sub-dialectical groups, among which are Etung, Ofutop, Nkim/Nkum, Abanajum and Boki in both Ikom and Boki LGAs; the Yala/Yache, Ukelle, Mbube, Bette and Utugwanga people are found in Ogoja, Yala and Obanliku and Bekwarra LGA's. The Yala are a subgroup of the Idoma nation, part of the Yala LGA's subgroups are the Igede speaking people believed to have migrated from the Oju part of Benue State, who migrated from Ora, in Edo North. In Cross River North, Bekwarra is the most spoken language, it is understood by other tribes in the district. This language along with Efik and Ejagham is used for news broadcast in the state owned radio and TV stations.
Cross River State epitomises the nation's linguistic and cultural plurality and it is important to note that, in spite of the diversity of dialects, all the indigenous languages in the state have common linguistic roots as Niger–Congo languages. The State boasts of being the venue of the largest carnival in Africa. Cross River healthcare delivery system is skewed in favour of the urban settlements. Cross River State consists of seventeen Local Government Areas, they are: In line with the objectives of the former Governor of the state Mr. Donald Duke to mix business with pleasure, there are many festivals; these festivals bring in tourists from far and wide into the state to enjoy themselves and do business in the state. These festivals include The Cross River State Christmas Festival, which promises to be an event that will rival any festival events in Africa, with over 30 days of endless fun, games, cultural display, art exhibition and music performance; this year's Christmas event and Carnival promise to be the best.
The Cross River State Christmas Festival – 1 December to 31 December annually The Cross River State Carnival Float – 26 and 27 December yearly The Yakurr Leboku Yam festival – 28 August annually The Calabar Boat RegataAnother Interesting Festival in cross River state is Anong Bahumono Festival which holds in Anong Village, during which different cultural dances are showcased, including Ikpobin, Obam and Etangala Dances. Bekwarra,Obudu,Obanliku New yam festival, held every 1st Saturday of September every year has grown to become a national festival. From the soaring plateaus of the mountain tops of Obanliku to the Rain forests of Afi, from the Waterfalls of Agbokim and Kwa to the spiralling ox-bow Calabar River which provides sights and images of the Tinapa Business Resort, Calabar Marina, Calabar Residency Museum and the Calabar Slave Park along its course, there is always a thrilling adventure awaiting the eco-tourist visiting Cross River State. Other tourist attractions are the Ikom Monoliths, the Mary Slessor Tomb, Calabar Drill Monkey Sanctu
Olusegun Mathew Okikiola Aremu Obasanjo, GCFR, Ph. D. is a former Nigerian Army general, President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007. Obasanjo was a career soldier before serving twice as his nation's head of state: He served as a military ruler from 13 February 1976 to 1 October 1979, as a democratically elected president from 29 May 1999 to 29 May 2007. From July 2004 to January 2006, Obasanjo served as Chairperson of the African Union. Olusegun Obasanjo was born on 5 March 1937 to his father Amos Adigun Obaluayesanjo "Obasanjo" Bankole and his mother Ashabi in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria, his mother died in 1958 and his father died in 1959. He became an orphan at the age of 22. In 1948, Obasanjo enrolled into Saint David Ebenezer School at Ibogun, for his primary school education. From 1952 to 1957, he attended Baptist Boys' High School, for his secondary school education. In 1958, Olusegun Obasanjo joined the Nigerian Army; some of his studies and training included Mons Cadet School, England. Obasanjo served in the 5th Battalion of the Nigerian Army in Kaduna and in Cameroon between 1958 and 1959.
He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Nigerian Army in 1959 and promoted to a lieutenant in 1960. As lieutenant, Obasanjo served in the Nigerian contingent of the United Nations Force in the Congo in 1960, he joined the only engineering unit of the Nigerian Army and became its unit commander in 1963. In 1963, Obasanjo was promoted to the rank of captain in the Nigerian Army, he was attached to the College of Military Engineering at Kirkee, India in 1965. That year, he was promoted to the rank of major. In 1965, he attended India. Obasanjo was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1967, appointed commander Second Area command of the Nigerian Army, he was made Commander, Ibadan, between 1967 and 1969. Obasanjo’s colonel promotion came in 1969, he was appointed from general officer commanding 3rd Infantry Division, Nigerian Army. He was made the commander, Third Marine Commando Division, South-Eastern State, during the Nigerian Biafran Civil War. On 12 January 1970, Obasanjo accepted the Biafran surrender ending the Nigerian Civil War.
From 1970 to 1975, he was the commander of Nigerian Army. Earlier in 1972, he was promoted to the rank of brigadier general. In January 1975 the head of state for the federal republic of Nigeria, General Yakubu Gowon, made Obasanjo the Federal commissioner for works and housing. On 29 July 1975, when General Murtala Mohammed took power as head of state via a military coup, Obasanjo was appointed as the chief of staff supreme headquarters. In January 1976 he was promoted to lieutenant general. Following a failed coup by Lt. Col. Buka Suka Dimka in which General Murtala Mohammed was killed, Obasanjo was chosen as head of state by the supreme military council on 13 February 1976. Obasanjo resigned as head of state and resigned from the army on 1 October 1979, handing over power to the newly elected civilian president of Shehu Shagari. In January 1975, General Yakubu Gowon appointed Obasanjo as the Federal commissioner for works and housing to oversee the development of housing, roads, bridges and street lighting in the country following the oil boom.
In July 1975, General Murtala Mohammed took power as head of state via a military coup, Obasanjo was appointed as the chief of staff supreme headquarters. On 13 February 1976, coup plotters, led by Army Col. Dimka, marked him and other senior military personnel for assassination. Murtala was killed during the attempted coup; the low profile security policy adopted by Murtala had allowed the plotters easy access to their targets. The coup was foiled because the plotters missed Obasanjo and General Theophilus Danjuma, chief of army staff and de facto number three man in the country; the plotters failed to monopolize communications, although they were able to take over the radio station to announce the coup attempt. Obasanjo and Danjuma established a chain of command and re-established security in Lagos, thereby regaining control. Obasanjo was appointed as head of state by the Supreme Military Council. Keeping the chain of command established by Murtala, Obasanjo pledged to continue the programme for the restoration of civilian government in 1979 and to carry forward the reform programme to improve the quality of public service.
The military regime of Obasanjo benefited from oil revenues. Increased oil revenues permitted government spending for infrastructure and improvements on a large scale; the oil boom was marred by a minor recession in 1978–79. The government planned to relocate the federal capital from Lagos to Abuja, a more central location in the interior of the country, it intended to relieve the congestion in the Lagos area. Abuja was chosen. However, as head of state
Vice-Admiral Husaini Abdullahi was the military governor of Bendel State, Nigeria from March 1976 to July 1978 during the military regime of General Olusegun Obasanjo. Husaini Abdullahi was born on 3 March 1939 in Doma Local Government now in Nasarawa State of Nigeria; as a lieutenant commander, Abdullahi was in charge of troop landings from NNS Lokoja during the capture of Bonny Island in July 1967, during the Nigerian Civil War. On 30 July 1975, the new Head of State Brigadier Murtala Muhammed announced that Captain Abdullahi had been appointed to the Supreme Military Council. General Olusegun Obasanjo appointed Commodore Abdullahi Military Governor of Bendel State from March 1976 to July 1978. After retiring from the navy as a vice-admiral, Abdullahi became chairman of the board of directors of the Inland Bank Nigeria
Benue State is one of the North central states in Nigeria with a population of about 4,253,641 in 2006 census. It is inhabited predominantly by the Tiv and Igede peoples, who speak Tiv and Igede languages respectively, its capital is Makurdi, Benue is a rich agricultural region. Benue State is named after the Benue River and was formed from the former Benue-Plateau State in 1976, along with Igala and some part of Kwara State. In 1991 some areas of Benue state, along with areas in Kwara State, were carved out to become part of the new Kogi State. Igbo people are found in the boundary areas like Oju etc.. Samuel Ortom is the governor and Benson Abounu is the deputy governor. Both were elected under the All Progressives Congress but defected to the Peoples Democratic Party in 2018. Benue state has three universities: Federal University of Agriculture, Benue State University, University of Mkar, it has two polytechnics: Benue State Polytechnic and Fidei polytechnic, Gboko as well as the Akperan Orshi college of Agriculture Yandev.
There are about four colleges of education which are Federal College of Education Agasha, College of Education Oju, College of Education Kastina Ala. Benue State as it exists today is a surviving legacy of an administrative entity, carved out of the protectorate of northern Nigeria at the beginning of the twentieth century; the territory was known as Munshi Province until 1918 when the name of its dominant geographical feature, the'Benue River' was adopted. The State, located in the North Central region of Nigeria, has a total population of 4,253,641 in 2006 census, with an average population density of 99 persons per km2; this makes Benue the 9th most populous state in Nigeria. However, the distribution of the population according to Local government areas shows marked duality. There are areas of low population density; such as Guma, Gwer East, Katsina-Ala, Apa and Agatu, each with less than seventy persons per km2, while Vandeikya, Ogbadibo and Gboko have densities ranging from 160 persons to 200 persons per 2.
Makurdi LGA has over 380 person per km2. The males are 49.8 percent of the total population. Benue State region was depleted of its human population during the slave trade, it is rural, with scattered settlements in tiny compounds or homesteads, whose population range from 630 people, most of whom are farmers. Urbanization in Benue State did not predate the colonial era; the few towns established during colonial rule remained small up to the creation of Benue State in 1976. Benue towns can be categorised into three groups; the first group consists of those with a population of 80,000 to 500,000 people. These include Makurdi, the State Capital and Otukpo the "headquarters" of the two dominant ethnic groups; the second group comprises towns with a population of between 20,000 and 50,000 people and includes Katsina-Ala, Zaki-Biam, Ukum￼￼, Adikpo, Kwande. These are all local government headquarters; the third category comprises towns with a population of 10,000 to 19,000 people and includes Vandeikya, lhugh, Adoka, Okpoga, Oju, Ugbokolo, Ugbokpo, Otukpa and Korinya.
Most of these towns are headquarters of created Local Government Areas and/or district headquarters or major market areas. Some of the headquarters of the newly created LGAs have populations of less than 10,000 people; such places include Tse-Agberaba, Buruku, Idekpa and Obarikeito. Apart from earth roads, periodic markets and chemists, the rural areas are used for farming, relying on the urban centres for most of their urban needs. Benue State has no problem of capital city primacy. Rather, three towns stand out clearly as important urban centres which together account for more than 70 per cent of the social amenities provided in the state and all the industrial establishments; these centres are Makurdi and Otukpo. They are amongst the oldest towns in the state and are growing at a much faster rate than the smaller younger towns. Makurdi doubles as the capital of the state and the headquarters of Makurdi LGA, while Gboko and Oju double as the local government and ethnic headquarters. All the roads in the state radiate from these three centres.
As an administrative unit, Benue State was first created on 3 February 1976. It was one of the seven states created by the military administration headed by General Murtala Mohammed, which increased the number of states in the country from 13 to 19. In 1991, its boundaries were re-adjusted with the creation of Kogi State; the new Benue State of today has twenty-three local government areas, which are administered by local government councils. Benue State lies within the lower river Benue trough in the middle belt region of Nigeria, its geographic coordinates are longitude 7° 47' and 10° 0' East. Latitude 6° 25' and 8° 8' North; the state shares a common boundary with the Republic of Cameroon on the south-east. Benue occupies a landmass of 34,059 square kilometres. Based on Köppen climate classification, Benue State lies within the AW climate and experiences two distinct seasons, the Wet season and the Dry season; the rainy season lasts from April to October with annual rai