Colesden is a small hamlet located in the English county of Bedfordshire. At the 2011 Census the population of the hamlet was included in the civil parish of Wyboston and Colesden. Colesden as a settlement was first recorded in 1195; the name Colesden is Anglo-Saxon in origin, translates as Col's Valley. The Colesden estate was entailed to Bushmead Priory. Colesden Manor was first recorded in 1410, was attached to nearby Roxton. There was no road from Colesden through to Wilden until the enclosure act of 1837. Today Colesden is entirely residential, with no shops or services apart from a community notice board and post box. In earlier years however, Colesden had a cricket field and church room. Colesden forms part of the Wyboston and Colesden civil parish, consists of 24 homes, located between the villages of Chawston and Wilden; the main industries in and around Colesden are still farming and agriculture, though a small number of business and industrial units have been constructed since 2000. Shops and most local services are located in the nearby villages of Roxton.
Bedford Borough Council pages on Colesden Wyboston and Colesden Parish web site
Carlton is a village in north Bedfordshire in England. It is part of the Carlton with Chellington parish with the adjacent village of Chellington; the River Great Ouse runs just to the north of the village. Nearby places are Harrold, Turvey and Odell. Carlton was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as a parish within the Hundred of Willey, it was for some time spelt Carleton. In 1934, the separate parishes of Carlton and Chellington merged to become one the parish named Carlton with Chellington; the village has been laid out in a rectangular road pattern, the main parts of the village being around the roads of Bridgend and the High Street, with The Moor and The Causeway making up the rectangle's other sides. During the twentieth century the areas in between were filled out with housing along the roads of Rectory Close, Carriers Way, Street Close, Beeby Way. Carlton Park is located in Rectory Close and features three swings, a small basketball court, a football pitch and a 1.5 meter slide. It features one of the main landmarks of Carlton, its giant oak tree.
Carlton's church is Saint Mary the Virgin, dating from 950AD with a font from c. 1150 is sited outside the current village. Carlton has The Royal Oak and The Fox. There is a Post village shop located on Carlton's busiest through road, Bridgend. There is one school, Carlton C of E primary school, and village hall, used as the school's assembly and sports hall. The village has an Emmaus community which includes a busy cafe / restaurant, furniture repair workshop and secondhand shop with furniture, china and bric-a-brac; the village was struck by an F1/T2 tornado on 23 November 1981, as part of the record-breaking nationwide tornado outbreak on that day. Village web site History of Carlton Carlton History
Chellington is a hamlet in the English county of Bedfordshire. Chellington was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as a parish within the Hundred of Willey. In 1934 the separate parishes of Chellington and Carlton merged to become one parish named Carlton with Chellington Media related to Chellington at Wikimedia Commons
Bedfordshire Police, is the territorial police force responsible for policing the ceremonial county of Bedfordshire in England, which includes the unitary authorities of Bedford, Central Bedfordshire and Luton. Its headquarters are in Bedfordshire; as of September 2017, the force had a workforce of 1,136 police officers, 859 police staff, 63 police community support officers, 60 designated officers and 195 special constables. In terms of officer numbers, it is the 8th smallest police force in the United Kingdom with the 5th smallest geographic area of responsibility. A professional police force was established in Bedfordshire in 1839, under the County Police Act 1839, replacing the earlier system of elected parish constables, it comprised a chief constable, based in Ampthill, 6 superintendents and 40 constables. Constables were paid 19 shillings a week, nearly twice the typical wage of an agricultural labourer in the county at that time. There was an independent Luton Borough Police from 1876 to 1947, from 1964 to 1966, when it amalgamated with Bedfordshire Constabulary, known as the Bedfordshire and Luton Constabulary until 1974.
In 1965, Bedfordshire Constabulary had an establishment of 497 and an actual strength of 430. On 11 June 2007 PC Jon Henry, was fatally stabbed whilst on duty in the town centre of Luton by a Nigerian immigrant, Tennyson Obih. Obih was convicted of his murder, along with the attempted murder and wounding with intent of two other men that he stabbed on the same morning. Bedfordshire Police has collaborated in the formation of several specialist units with Hertfordshire Constabulary and Cambridgeshire Constabulary including Major Crime, Dogs and Roads Policing; the force leads regional units including Eastern Region Special Operations Unit and Eastern Counter Terrorism Intelligence Unit with forces in Cambridgeshire, Norfolk and Essex. In June 2015, the force implemented a new operating model – which comprises north and south bases and aims to increase the number of warranted officers in local communities. Bedfordshire Police publish results of cases on their official website, such as a drug gang who were jailed for 39 years.
Bedfordshire Police's cadets have scooped a national award for their outstanding contribution to helping to reduce crime and creating a safer community. In 2014 Bedfordshire Police took the unprecedented move to allow cameras into the force 24/7 to film a fly-on-the-wall documentary capturing some of the issues faced by police officers today; the last series ended in June 2016 but more episodes are planned for the near future. In July 2015, Bedfordshire Police was the first force in the country to secure a Female Genital Mutilation protection order; the court order allowed officers to seize the passports of two young girls who it was thought were being taken to Africa. On 15 November 2016, Bedfordshire Police posted a tweet to support Islamophobia Awareness Month; the image accompanying the tweet showed a hand with raised finger - a symbol used by ISIS. The tweet was removed following complaints and Bedfordshire Police commented: It has come to our attention the pointing finger logo used to illustrate social media posts around Islamophobia Awareness Month is similar to that used by ISIS.
The logo was used in good faith. As a consequence and to avoid offence, Bedfordshire Police has deleted these posts and will not tolerate Islamophobia or any other form of hatred or discrimination.' The force's 2016 to 2017. The workforce as of November 2015 consisted of: Chief Officer - 3 Chief Superintendent - 3 Superintendent - 9 Chief Inspector - 24 Inspector - 57 Sergeant - 161 Constable - 837 Total - 1,093 Civilians - 896 CSO's - 105As of 2017, Bedfordshire Police are considering not responding to some low level crimes due to funding restrictions. Kathryn Holloway stated that the force has made £35 million in cuts and would face further cuts of £11.4 million to £12.5 million over the coming four years “if things remain unchanged”. Like other UK police forces, Bedfordshire Police officers are not armed; the force employs firearms officers to deal with firearms incidents in the area. However all officers are equipped with Hiatt Speedcuffs, PAVA incapacitant spray, Velcro fastwrap leg restraints and spit hoods.
Some officers are equipped with the TASER X2 Conductive Energy Device with few officers carrying the TASERX26 CED, due to be phased out. The first Bedfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner was Olly Martins, elected on 15 November 2012 and took office on 21 November 2012; the performance of the police and crime commissioner is scrutinised by the Bedfordshire Police and Crime Panel, made up of elected councillors from the local authorities in the police area, two independent members. Before November 2012 the Bedfordshire Police Authority was the police governance. On 5 May 2016 Kathryn Holloway became the second Bedfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner after winning the vote against Olly Martins and other candidates; the "Our Force" control strategy determines operational priorities, helping Bedfordshire Police to protect people and fight crime. 1840–1871: Captain Edward M. Boultbee 1871–1879: Major Ashton Cromwell Warner 1880–1910: Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick J. Josselyn 1910–1939: Lt-Colonel Frank Augustus Douglas Stevens, CBE 1939–??: Commander the Hon. R. D. Coleridge 1940–1953: Commander William John Adlam Willis 1953–1966:???
1966–1971: Henry Prichard Pratt 1971–1979: Anthony Armstrong 1979–1983: William Sutherland 1983–1
East of England
The East of England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes. It was created in 1994 and was adopted for statistics from 1999, it includes the ceremonial counties of Bedfordshire, Essex, Hertfordshire and Suffolk. Essex has the highest population in the region, its population at the 2011 census was 5,847,000. Bedford, Basildon, Southend-on-Sea, Ipswich, Colchester and Cambridge are the region's most populous towns; the southern part of the region lies in the London commuter belt. The region has the lowest elevation range in the UK. North Cambridgeshire and the Essex Coast have most of the around 5% of the region, below 10 metres above sea level; the Fens are in North Cambridgeshire, notable for the lowest point in the country in the land of the village of Holme 2.75 metres below mean sea level, once Whittlesey Mere. The highest point is at Clipper Down at 817 ft, in the far south-western corner of the region in the Ivinghoe Hills. Basildon and Harlow, with Stevenage and Hemel Hempstead, were main New Towns in the 1950s and 1960s, with much industry located there.
In the late 1960s, the Roskill Commission considered Thurleigh in Bedfordshire, Nuthampstead in Hertfordshire and Foulness in Essex as a possible third airport for London. The East of England succeeded the standard statistical region East Anglia; the East of England civil defence region was identical to today's region. England between the Wash and just south of the town of Colchester has since post-Roman times been and continues to be known as East Anglia, including the county traversing the west of this line, Cambridgeshire; the inclusion of Essex as part of East Anglia is open to debate, notably because it was a Saxon kingdom, separate from the kingdom of the East Angles. Essex, despite meaning East-Saxons formed part of the South East England, as did Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire, a mixture of definite and debatable Home Counties; the earliest use of the term is from 1695. Charles Davenant, in An essay upon ways and means of supplying the war, wrote, "The Eleven Home Counties, which are thought in Land Taxes to pay more than their proportion..." cited a list including these four.
The term does not appear to have been used in taxation since the 18th century. East Anglia is one of the driest parts of the United Kingdom with average rainfall ranging from 450 mm to 750 mm; this is because low pressure systems and weather fronts from the Atlantic have lost a lot of their moisture over land by the time they reach Eastern England. However the Fens in Cambridgeshire are prone to flooding. Winter is cool but non-prevailing cold easterly winds can affect the area from the continent, these can bring heavy snowfall if the winds interact with a low pressure system over the Atlantic or France. Northerly winds can be cold but are not as cold as easterly winds. Westerly winds bring milder and wetter weather. Southerly winds bring mild air but chill if coming from further east than Spain. Spring is a transitional season that can be chilly to start with but is warm by late-April/May; the weather at this time is changeable and showery. Summer is warm and continental air from mainland Europe or the Azores High leads to at least a few weeks of hot, balmy weather with prolonged warm to hot weather.
The number of summer storms from the Atlantic, such as the remnants of a tropical storm coincides with the location of the jet stream. The East tends to receive much less of their rain than the other regions. Autumn is mild with some days being unsettled and rainy and others warm. At least part of September and early October in the East have warm and settled weather but only in rare years is there an Indian summer where fine weather marks the entire traditional harvest season; the most deprived districts, according to the Indices of deprivation 2007 in the region are, in descending order, Great Yarmouth, Luton and Ipswich. At county level, after Luton and Peterborough, which have a similar level of deprivation, in descending order there is Southend-on-Sea Thurrock; the least deprived districts, in descending order, are South Cambridgeshire, Mid Bedfordshire, East Hertfordshire, St Albans, Rochford, Huntingdonshire, Mid Suffolk, North Hertfordshire, Three Rivers, South Norfolk, East Cambridgeshire and Suffolk Coastal.
At county level, the least deprived areas in the region, in descending order, are Cambridgeshire and Bedfordshire, with all three having a similar level of deprivation Essex. The region has the lowest proportion of jobless households in the UK – 0.5%. In March 2011 the region's unemployment claimant count was 3.0%. Inside the region, the highest rate is Great Yarmouth with 6.2%, followed by Peterborough and Southend-on-Sea on 4.7%. In the 2015 general election, there was an overall swing of 0.25% from the Conservatives to Labour, the Liberal Democrats lost 16% of its vote. All of Hertfordshire and Suffolk is now Conservative; the region's electorate voted 49% Conservative, 22% Labour, 16% UKIP, 8% Liberal Democrat and 4% Green. Like other regions, the division of seats favours th
Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire
The Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire is a registered charity which manages 126 nature reserves covering 3,945 hectares. It has over 35,000 members, 95% of people in Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire live within five miles of a reserve. In the year to 31 March 2016 it had an income of £ 5.1 million. It aims to conserve wildlife, inspire people to take action for wildlife, offer advice and share knowledge; the WTBCN is one of 36 wildlife trusts covering England, 47 covering the whole of the United Kingdom. In 1912 Charles Rothschild formed the Society for the Promotion of Nature Reserves to protect sites considered "worthy of preservation"; the society worked to secure statutory protection, this began with the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949. In 1959 the society took on a coordinating role for local wildlife trusts, which covered the whole of Britain and Northern Ireland by 1978; the society changed its name to the Royal Society of Wildlife Trusts in 2004, it operates as The Wildlife Trusts.
In 1956 the Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely Naturalists’ Trust was founded, it was followed by the Bedfordshire and Huntingdonshire Wildlife Trust in 1961, the Northamptonshire Wildlife Trust in 1963, the Peterborough Wildlife Group in 1987. The Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire trusts merged in 1990, a further merger produced the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire and Peterborough in 1994. Peterborough was dropped from the name in 2011. Fifty-two reserves are Sites of Special Scientific Interest, six are Ramsar wetland sites of international importance, six are Special Protection Areas under the European Union Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds, two are National Nature Reserves, four are Nature Conservation Review sites, one is a Special Area of Conservation, two are in the Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, one is a Geological Conservation Review site and eighteen are Local Nature Reserves; the largest site is Ouse Washes at 186 hectares, internationally significant for wintering and breeding wildfowl and waders.
The smallest, at 0.7 hectares, are Chettisham Meadow and Stoke Wood End Quarter, both of which are SSSIs. Warren Villas Ratcliffe, Derek, ed.. A Nature Conservation Review. 2. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521 21403 3. Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire website
Chawston is a hamlet in the English county of Bedfordshire. It is in the civil parish of Wyboston and Colesden. Chawston is situated on the western side of the A1 trunk road, although the settlement does have a number of residential properties on the eastern side of the A1. Chawston is some 8 miles from Bedford in some 3 miles from St Neots due north east. Chawston was first recorded as a settlement in 1086 as part of the Domesday Book; the Chawston manor estate dates to 1186, though the current Chawston Manor House is a 17th-century Grade II listed building. A former M. P. for Bedfordshire, Robert Hunt, owned Chawston Manor in 1414. The manor passed to his son, Roger Hunt, Speaker of the House of Commons in 1421 and 1433, he became baron of the Exchequer. During the 1930s, much of Chawston was incorporated into the Land Settlement Association Scheme; the scheme provided smallholdings of five acres in Chawston to unemployed miners from Kent and North East England. The new tenants of the land were required to sell any produce.
Fifty years the LSA was abolished, the properties in Chawston were sold on the open market, though some were secured by existing tenants. Many of the original LSA cottages have been renovated since this time. Chawston forms part of the Wyboston and Colesden civil parish, is residential; the nearest shops and local services available to residents of Chawston are located in the neighbouring village of Wyboston. Bedford Borough Council pages on Chawston