The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
His New Profession
His New Profession is a 1914 American comedy silent film made at the Keystone Studios and starring Charlie Chaplin. The film involves Chaplin taking care of a man in a wheelchair, it is known as "The Good for Nothing". Charlie is hired by a man to wheel his elderly invalid uncle around a seaside park for a short time. Although he begins his new job with enthusiasm, Charlie soon thinks he should be earning extra money for his efforts to spend at a saloon. Accordingly, he takes a beggar's sign and tin and puts them on the wheelchair of the sleeping old man. A pretty girl, a real beggar, a park policeman and the old man's nephew soon ensure that Charlie's new profession is a thing of the past. Motion Picture News commented, "Charlie Chaplin appears in this picture and, as usual, whenever he appears it is a laugh throughout." Charles Chaplin as Charlie Charley Chase as Nephew Cecile Arnold as Girl with Eggs Harry McCoy as Policeman Roscoe Arbuckle as Bartender Helen Carruthers as Woman Charles Murray as Drinker Jess Dandy as Invalid Uncle Charlie Chaplin filmography His New Profession on IMDb His New Profession on YouTube His New Profession is available for free download at the Internet Archive
A Thief Catcher
A Thief Catcher is a one-reel 1914 American comedy film, produced by Mack Sennett for his Keystone film company, directed by Ford Sterling, starring Sterling, Mack Swain, Edgar Kennedy, Charles Chaplin as a policeman. Chaplin had claimed in interviews that he had played a bit-role as a policeman while at Keystone Studios. Ford Sterling: Chief Charles Chaplin: Policeman William Hauber: Policeman George Jeske: Policeman Edgar Kennedy: Crook Rube Miller:Policeman Mack Swain: Crook The film was believed lost and Chaplin's appearance unknown until a vintage 16mm print was discovered by director / film historian Paul E. Gierucki in 2010 at a Michigan antique sale. List of American films of 1914 Charlie Chaplin filmography List of rediscovered films A Thief Catcher on IMDb
Al Ernest Garcia
Allan Ernest Garcia was an American actor and casting director, best known for his long association with Charlie Chaplin. Al Ernest Garcia appeared in over 120 films between 1911 and 1938 in supporting roles, he played in silent film westerns with stars including Leo Carrillo and Warner Baxter. Garcia directed a short film named The Purple Scar in 1917, but it stayed his only work as a director. Born in California to Mexican parents, Garcia played in some Mexican films and portrayed Mexicans in American films. With the advent of sound film, his roles were somewhat smaller, but he worked as an actor until his death. Garcia is best remembered for his work with Charlie Chaplin, he acted with Chaplin in six films between 1921 and 1936. Chaplin cast him in clinical or villainous supporting roles. Garcia portrayed the brutal circus director in The Circus, the snobbish butler of the millionaire in City Lights, the factory owner in Modern Times, he was a casting director for Chaplin on The Circus, City Lights, Modern Times.
He worked for better pay and improved working conditions for supporting actors and bit players in films, was co-founder of the Motion Picture Extras and Supporting Players Association, founded in 1933. Al Ernest Garcia on IMDb
Between Showers is a 1914 short film made by Keystone Studios and directed by Henry Lehrman. It starred Charlie Chaplin, Ford Sterling, Emma Clifton, Chester Conklin. Chaplin and Sterling play two young men and Rival Masher, who fight over the chance to help a young woman cross a muddy street. Sterling first offers her an umbrella he stole from a policeman, he asks her to wait for him. Chaplin comes along and offers the woman to help her cross the street as well and wait for his return. While Sterling and Chaplin go to get logs, a policeman lifts the woman across the street; when Sterling returns with the log, he is indignant that the woman did not wait for him to come back to help her cross the muddy street and demands the umbrella back. When the woman refuses, they engage in a fight which involves Chaplin. A British movie magazine, The Cinema, provided this review of Between Showers: " a screamingly funny comedy, featuring Charles Chaplin and a charming girl. All the trouble is caused by an umbrella, two men's rivalry for the favour of the lady.
Their efforts to outdo each other in gallantry create many humorous situations." Charlie Chaplin - Masher Ford Sterling - Rival Masher Chester Conklin - Policeman Edward Nolan - Chivalrous Policeman Emma Clifton - Lady in Distress Sadie Lampe - Policeman's Lady Friend Charlie Chaplin filmography Between Showers on IMDb Between Showers on YouTube Between Showers is available for free download at the Internet Archive Between Showers at AllMovie
Caught in a Cabaret
Caught in a Cabaret is a 1914 short comedy film written and directed by Mabel Normand and starring Normand and Charles Chaplin. Chaplin plays a waiter, he is invited to a garden party where he gets in trouble with the girl's jealous boyfriend. Mabel Normand mentored her young co-star. Mabel Normand - Mabel Charles Chaplin - Waiter Harry McCoy - Lover Chester Conklin - Waiter Edgar Kennedy - Cafe proprietor Minta Durfee - Dancer Phyllis Allen - Dancer Josef Swickard - Father Alice Davenport - Mother Gordon Griffith - Boy Alice Howell - Party Guest Hank Mann - Cabaret Patron Mack Swain - Big Tough Man Billy Gilbert - Cabaret Patron Wallace MacDonald - Party guest Moving Picture World's review said, "This is another two-reel comedy manufactured in Mack Sennett's comical factory out in Californy State, it caused so much laughter you couldn't hear what the actors was talkin'. Charles Chaplin was the leading fun maker." A reviewer for the New York Dramatic Mirror wrote, "Superlatives are dangerous epithets when dealing with pictures.
For that reason it is unwise to call this the funniest picture, produced, but it comes mighty close to it." Charlie Chaplin filmography List of American films of 1914 Caught in a Cabaret on IMDb Caught in a Cabaret on YouTube Caught in a Cabaret is available for free download at the Internet Archive