Formula One is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile and owned by the Formula One Group. The FIA Formula One World Championship has been one of the premier forms of racing around the world since its inaugural season in 1950; the word "formula" in the name refers to the set of rules to which all participants' cars must conform. A Formula One season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, which take place worldwide on purpose-built circuits and on public roads; the results of each race are evaluated using a points system to determine two annual World Championships: one for drivers, the other for constructors. Drivers must hold valid Super Licences, the highest class of racing licence issued by the FIA; the races must run on tracks graded "1", the highest grade-rating issued by the FIA. Most events occur in rural locations on purpose-built tracks, but several events take place on city streets. Formula One cars are the fastest regulated road-course racing cars in the world, owing to high cornering speeds achieved through the generation of large amounts of aerodynamic downforce.
The cars underwent major changes in 2017, allowing wider front and rear wings, wider tyres, resulting in cornering forces closing in on 6.5g and top speeds of up to 375 km/h. As of 2019 the hybrid engines are limited in performance to a maximum of 15,000 rpm and the cars are dependent on electronics—although traction control and other driving aids have been banned since 2008—and on aerodynamics and tyres. While Europe is the sport's traditional base, the championship operates globally, with 11 of the 21 races in the 2018 season taking place outside Europe. With the annual cost of running a mid-tier team—designing and maintaining cars, transport—being US$120 million, Formula One has a significant economic and job-creation effect, its financial and political battles are reported, its high profile and popularity have created a major merchandising environment, which has resulted in large investments from sponsors and budgets. On 8 September 2016 Bloomberg reported that Liberty Media had agreed to buy Delta Topco, the company that controls Formula One, from private-equity firm CVC Capital Partners for $4.4 billion in cash and convertible debt.
On 23 January 2017 Liberty Media confirmed the completion of the acquisition for $8 billion. The Formula One series originated with the European Grand Prix Motor Racing of the 1930s; the formula is a set of rules. Formula One was a new formula agreed upon after World War II during 1946, with the first non-championship races being held that year. A number of Grand Prix racing organisations had laid out rules for a world championship before the war, but due to the suspension of racing during the conflict, the World Drivers' Championship was not formalised until 1947; the first world championship race was held at Silverstone, United Kingdom in 1950. A championship for constructors followed in 1958. National championships existed in the UK in the 1960s and 1970s. Non-championship Formula One events were held for many years, but due to the increasing cost of competition, the last of these occurred in 1983. On 26 November 2017, Formula One unveiled its new logo, following the 2017 season finale in Abu Dhabi during the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix at Yas Marina Circuit.
The new logo replaced F1's iconic'flying one', the sport's trademark since 1993. After a hiatus in European motor racing brought about by the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the first World Championship for Drivers was won by Italian Giuseppe Farina in his Alfa Romeo in 1950, narrowly defeating his Argentine teammate Juan Manuel Fangio. However, Fangio won the title in 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, his streak interrupted by two-time champion Alberto Ascari of Ferrari. Although the UK's Stirling Moss was able to compete he was never able to win the world championship, is now considered to be the greatest driver never to have won the title. Fangio, however, is remembered for dominating Formula One's first decade and has long been considered the "Grand Master" of Formula One; this period featured teams managed by road car manufacturers Alfa Romeo, Mercedes-Benz, Maserati. The first seasons were run using pre-war cars like Alfa's 158, they were front-engined, with narrow tyres and 1.5-litre supercharged or 4.5-litre aspirated engines.
The 1952 and 1953 World Championships were run to Formula Two regulations, for smaller, less powerful cars, due to concerns over the paucity of Formula One cars available. When a new Formula One, for engines limited to 2.5 litres, was reinstated to the world championship for 1954, Mercedes-Benz introduced the advanced W196, which featured innovations such as desmodromic valves and fuel injection as well as enclosed streamlined bodywork. Mercedes drivers won the championship for two years, before the team withdrew from all motorsport in the wake of the 1955 Le Mans disaster. An era of British dominance was ushered in by Mike Hawthorn and Vanwall's championship wins in 1958, although Stirling Moss had been at the forefront of the sport without securing the world title. Between Hawthorn, Jim Clark, Jackie Stewart, John Surtees and Graham Hill, British drivers won nine Drivers' Championships and British teams won fourteen Constructors' Championsh
NASCAR Xfinity Series
The NASCAR Xfinity Series is a stock car racing series organized by NASCAR. It is promoted as NASCAR's "minor league" circuit, is considered a proving ground for drivers who wish to step up to the organization's top level circuit, the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series. NXS events are held as a support race on the day prior to a Cup Series event scheduled for that weekend; the series was called the Budweiser Late Model Sportsman Series in 1982 and 1983, the NASCAR Busch Grand National Series from 1984 through 2002, the NASCAR Busch Series from 2003 through 2007, the NASCAR Nationwide Series from 2008 through 2014. It is sponsored by Comcast via its consumer cable brand Xfinity; the series emerged from NASCAR's Sportsman division, formed in 1950 as NASCAR's short track race division. It was NASCAR's fourth series; the sportsman cars were not current model cars and could be modified more, but not as much as Modified series cars. It became the Late Model Sportsman Series in 1968, soon featured races on larger tracks such as Daytona International Speedway.
Drivers used obsolete Grand National cars on larger tracks but by the inception of the touring format in 1982, the series used older compact cars. Short track cars with small 300 cubic inch V-8 motors were used. Drivers used smaller current year models featuring V6 motors; the modern-day Xfinity Series was formed in 1982, when Anheuser-Busch sponsored a newly reformed late-model sportsman series with its Budweiser brand. The series switched sponsorship to Busch in 1984, it was renamed in 1986 to the Busch Grand National Series. Grand National was dropped from the series' title in 2003 as part of NASCAR's brand identity. Anheuser-Busch dropped the sponsorship in 2007; the Nationwide sponsorship was a seven-year contract, did not include the banking and mortgage departments of Nationwide. The sponsorship carried a $10 million commitment for 2008, with 6% annual escalations thereafter. On September 3, 2014, it was announced that Comcast would become the new title sponsor of the series via its cable television and internet brand Xfinity, renaming it the Xfinity Series.
In 2016, NASCAR implemented a seven-race Chase system similar to the one used in the NASCAR Cup Series. On August 23, 2018 NASCAR announced that the field size of the NXS will be cut from 40 to 38. On March 6, 2005, the series held its first race outside the United States, the Telcel-Motorola 200; the race was held in Mexico City, Mexico at the Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez, a track that has held Formula One and Champ Car races in the past. It was won by Martin Truex Jr. On August 4, 2007, the series held its second race outside the United States, at the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve in Montreal, another road course, it was won by Kevin Harvick. In July 2008, NASCAR announced that the Nationwide Series would not return to Mexico City in 2009, in 2012 they announced that it would not be returning to Montreal in 2013. In 2016, the NXS and the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series adopted a playoff format similar to the NASCAR Cup Series Chase for the Championship. Unlike the NASCAR Cup Series, whose Chase consists of four rounds, the Xfinity Series and Truck Series both use a three-round format.
After each of the first two rounds, the four Chase grid drivers with the fewest season points are eliminated from the grid and Chase contention. The best-placed driver overall from the four Dash 4 Cash races advances to the Chase. Round of 12 Begins with 12 drivers who qualify for the Chase grid with 2,000 points Round of 8 Begins with 8 drivers, each with 3,000 points Championship 4 The last four drivers in contention for the season title will have their points reset to 4,000 points, with the highest finisher in the race winning the NXS title. In the 1980s, races were sparsely shown by ESPN if they were covering the cup race at the same track. Starting in 1990, more races began to be shown. By the mid-1990s, all races were shown. Most standalone races were aired on TNN, which helped grow coverage of the series, while races that were companion races with Winston Cup dates aired on the network airing the Cup race. TNN aired some of these races, which aired on CBS, NBC, ESPN, ABC and TBS. From 2001 until 2006, Fox Sports covered the entire first half of the Busch Grand National season, while NBC and TNT both aired races during the second half, with Turner Sports producing all the coverage for both networks.
However, in numbered years, coverage was changed, with the opening race at Daytona airing on NBC in 2004, on TNT in 2002 and 2006 and the track's July race airing on FX. Large portions of Fox's coverage aired on sister network FX, with a few marquee events on the network itself. From 2007 until 2014, ESPN was the home of the renamed Nationwide Series. Four races per season aired on ABC, with the remainder on ESPN, ESPN2, ESPNews. Early in ESPN's run, ESPN Classic was used for NNS overflow, however with less carriage of that network, this practice ended. Fox Sports did make a return to the series, airing the 2011 Bubba Burger 250 at Richmond on Speed Channel, due to ESPN giving up its exclusive rights to the race because of programming conflicts. In 2015, the NXS returned to FOX Sports during the first half of the season. Like the previous time Fox held righ
Sergey Sirotkin (racing driver)
Sergey Olegovich Sirotkin is a Russian professional racing driver who competed in Formula One in 2018 for the Williams team. Sergey Olegovich Sirotkin was born on 27 August 1995 in Russia, his father, Oleg Sirotkin, is head of the National Institute of Russia. He graduated from Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University in 2017 with a degree in race car engineering. Sirotkin began karting in 2008 and raced in various international series, working his way up from the junior ranks to progress through to the KF3 and KF2 category by 2010. Having turned fifteen years old, Sirotkin graduated to single-seaters, racing in the newly launched Formula Abarth series in Italy for Jenzer Motorsport, he made his début at Vallelunga, finishing the first race in the points and added four more point-scoring finishes to finish 18th in the championship. Sirotkin remained in Formula Abarth, with Jenzer, for a second season in 2011, but prior to the round at Spa, Sirotkin switched to the Euronova Racing by Fortec team.
He won the European Series title with a race taking five wins in fourteen races. In the Italian Series, Sirotkin finished as runner-up with two race victories, losing out to former teammate Patric Niederhauser after an error in the final race at Autodromo Nazionale Monza. In 2012, Sirotkin continued his collaboration with Euronova Racing into the Auto GP World Series, his first round at Monza saw him qualify on the front row, losing pole position to Adrian Quaife-Hobbs by just 0.04 seconds. He recorded a finish of fourth place in the second race. At Valencia, he again started behind points leader Quaife-Hobbs, but this time Sirotkin passed him before the first turn, scored his first win—again setting fastest lap—becoming the youngest Auto GP winner in the process. After another fastest lap in the second race, Sirotkin established a record of four consecutive fastest laps. Sirotkin went on to finish the season in third place overall, behind Pål Varhaug, he finished the season with two race wins in Valencia and Sonoma, seven podium finishes.
He recorded his first pole position at the Marrakech Street Circuit. Sirotkin participated in the Italian Formula Three Championship in 2012, driving for Euronova, he recorded two wins at the Hungaroring and Monza, a further four podium finishes over the course of the season. He scored points in twenty-two of the twenty-four races—after retiring from the second race at Vallelunga and being disqualified from the third race at Monza—and finished the season fifth overall in both the European and Italian Series championships. Sirotkin made his Formula Renault 3.5 debut in his home event at the Moscow Raceway, partnering fellow Russian driver Nikolay Martsenko at BVM Target. He finished the first race of the meeting in twentieth place, before retiring from the second race. Sirotkin expanded his Formula Renault 3.5 campaign to contest a full season in 2013, competing with ISR Racing. He had podiums at Alcañiz and Hungaroring with another three-point-scoring finishes to achieve the ninth place in the championship standings.
For 2014 Sirotkin partnered there with Oliver Rowland. He scored his first pole position and won his first Formula Renault 3.5 Series race on his home soil at Moscow Raceway. Despite this, the second Forteс car broke and he did not finish in 5 races, but whenever he finished a race, he did this in points, missing a points finish only once. Overall, he finished 5th with 132 points. In February 2015, it was announced, he achieved his first victory at Silverstone—a circuit on which he had no previous racing experience—when he won the feature race. During the season he had another four podium finishes. Though a GP2 rookie, Sirotkin finished third in the overall standings. For the 2016 season, Sirotkin switched to defending champions ART Grand Prix, he had a tough start of the season, as he stalled in the season opener at Barcelona. His problems continued in the Feature race in Monaco, where he had started from pole position but crashed into the wall. Sirotkin converted his pace to race results in Baku with double podium finish in both Feature and Sprint races.
At Spielberg he took a pole position but had a poor start and was given a ten-second time penalty for failing to re-establish his original starting position before the safety car line and of failing to re-enter the pitlane. Sirotkin had another double podium finish in the Hungaroring round, he continued repeating success in the feature Hockenheim race. He had technical issues with a car at Spa-Francorchamps before finishing second in Sepang, he finished third in the final race of the season at Abu Dhabi, tying with Raffaele Marciello in the drivers' standings. Sirotkin was classified third in the standings. Sirotkin had a one-round return to the wheel of the Dallara GP2/11 car in the 2017 FIA Formula 2 Championship at Baku, he replaced injured Alexander Albon in ART Grand Prix. He finished both races of the round in points. In July 2013, Sirotkin joined the Sauber Formula One team, with the aim of participating in Friday sessions in 2013 with a view to making his race début, a full race seat for the 2014 season.
He stayed in his role as test driver in 2014. Sirotkin participated in tests that took place in Bahrain on 8 April, where he completed
Marcus Ericsson is a Swedish racing driver and former Formula One racing driver. Ericsson competed in Formula One between 2014 and 2018, he drives the #7 Honda for Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports in the NTT IndyCar Series. After a successful debut in car racing in 2007 which saw him take the British Formula BMW title with Fortec Motorsport, he moved up into the British team's British Formula Three Championship squad. After finishing as one of the top rookies in the category, Ericsson turned his attentions to the All-Japan Formula Three Championship where he won the championship in his debut year. In 2010, he moved up to the GP2 Series where he secured one victory during his maiden campaign for Super Nova Racing. Between 2011 and 2012, Ericsson drove for iSport. Ericsson completed the 2013 GP2 season with DAMS, debuted in Formula One in 2014 with Caterham F1. Born in Kumla, Örebro County, Ericsson's first taste of motorsport came when he was nine years old racing in karts. "I got a call from Fredrik Ekblom, whom I ran in British Formula Indy Lights.
He now runs a kart circuit and he told me about a nine-year old kid who'd walked in off the street and nearly broke the lap record" recalled Richard Dutton, head of Fortec Motorsport. Ekblom managed to convince Ericsson's father, Tomas, to buy his son a kart and the young Swede stayed in karting for the next four years, "I'd never thought about racing as a career. My family didn't have the money for me to race formula cars so we never thought about it" Ericsson recalled. In 2006 Ericsson's career got backing from former Champ Car driver and 1999 Indianapolis 500 winner Kenny Bräck. "I spotted Marcus at a race in Gothenburg" Bräck said, "He didn't win the race because his engine blew up with two laps to go but he was the best out there. He didn't get caught in any battles when passing – he'd just wait for the right opportunity he pounced and he was away, he has such patience but when he does go for it, it measures so perfectly. He reminded me of watching. Bräck convinced Richard Dutton, who ran Bräck in the British Formula Three Championship in 1989, to race Ericsson for his Fortec Motorsport team's 2007 Formula BMW UK title challenge.
Ericsson said of his chances during the season, "I was thinking that I should be around top eight to start with, trying for podiums and maybe wins by the end of the year". Ericsson's first win came at the first meeting of the series at Brands Hatch where he took third place in the first race and won from pole position in the second race. Following his win, Ericsson was described by Autosport as "the best young talent" Bräck had seen. Ericsson was in the title race for the whole season, challenging Czech Josef Král and Brit Henry Arundel. In the end Ericsson, aged 16, won the title by 40 points from Kral, becoming the final Champion of the British Formula BMW series prior to the series merge with the German series to make a European championship. Following his win of the Formula BMW title, Ericsson began aiming for a seat in Formula Three. Tests followed with British Formula 3 team Räikkönen Robertson Racing as part of his prize for winning the title that year. Afterwards Ericsson had a test with frontrunning Formula 3 Euro Series team ASM ART Grand Prix.
Despite an offer to join ASM, Ericsson opted to stay in England and join Fortec's British Formula 3 team. Ericsson received with two pole positions and a handful of podium finishes, but no victories, which gave him fifth overall in the championship. During the winter of 2008, Ericsson signed a contract with the Japanese F3 team TOM'S to compete full-time in the championship for the upcoming season. Ericsson said that he was more to gain the experience needed to win the Macau Grand Prix in comparison to competing further in the British championship. Ericsson won the Japanese F3 championship, won races when making guest appearances back in British F3, he participated in the Macau Grand Prix where he qualified in pole position and finished the main race in fourth position. Ericsson moved into the GP2 Asia Series for the 2009–10 GP2 Asia Series, driving for the ART Grand Prix team. However, it was confirmed that Ericsson would drive for Super Nova Racing in the 2010 GP2 Series, he had been expected to complete the rest of the Asian series with the team, but Jake Rosenzweig was signed to replace Ericsson for the final two rounds.
Ericsson returned to Super Nova for the GP2 Series, partnering Josef Král and Luca Filippi. He took his first series victory at Valencia, but only scoring points on two further occasions restricted him to seventeenth place in the drivers' championship. Ericsson switched alongside Sam Bird, he finished sixth in the Asia series championship, tenth in the main series championship. He remained with iSport alongside Jolyon Palmer, he won at Spa, beginning a run of six consecutive points finishes to the end of the season, including two podium finishes. This lifted him to eighth in the championship. In 2013, he got the chance to drive for the reigning champions DAMS, taking pole position in Spain and Great Britain. In Germany he won the sprint race, he continued with podium positions in Hungary, Belgium and Abu Dhabi to finish sixth in the championship. Ericsson drove for Brawn GP at the young driver test at Circuito de Jerez over three days, on 1–3 December 2009, he tested alongside IndyCar Series driver Mike Conway.
Conway had the edge by three-tenths of a second, however team principal Ross Brawn commended Ericsson for his performance, saying that he had "performed well showing exceptional maturity in his approach and feedback". It was announced on 21 November 2013 that Ericsson was a candidate to drive for the Cat
Fernando Alonso Díaz audio is a Spanish racing driver and former Formula One racing driver. He is a two-time Formula One World Champion and is regarded as one of the greatest Formula One drivers in the history of the sport, he has contested 17 seasons of Formula One. Outside Formula One, Alonso is leading the 2018–19 FIA World Endurance Championship with Toyota Gazoo Racing, he won the 2018 24 Hours of Le Mans on his first attempt and won the 2019 24 Hours of Daytona, after his debut in 2018. He contested the 2017 Indianapolis 500. Born in Oviedo, the capital of the autonomous region of Asturias, Alonso started in karting from the age of 3, he won three consecutive karting championships in Spain from 1994 to 1997, he became world karting champion in 1996. He made his Formula One debut in the 2001 season with Minardi, moved to the Renault team as a test driver the next year; as a main Renault driver from 2003, he was crowned Formula One World Drivers' Champion in both 2005 and 2006. At the age of 24 years and 58 days upon clinching the title, he was the youngest Formula One World Drivers' Champion, subsequently the youngest double Champion at the time.
He joined McLaren in 2007, before returning to Renault for two seasons in 2008 and 2009. Alonso raced for Scuderia Ferrari for five seasons between 2010 and 2014. During that time he finished second in the championship behind Sebastian Vettel three times, won 11 further Grands Prix. Two of those years, he narrowly lost the title at the final race, he returned to McLaren for four seasons between 2015 and 2018. Alonso has held various driving records in Formula One, he was the youngest driver to qualify on pole position and to win a Grand Prix at the 2003 Malaysian Grand Prix and the 2003 Hungarian Grand Prix respectively. He was the youngest World champion upon clinching the title at the age of 24 years and 58 days, subsequently the youngest double World Champion. From 2013 until 2015, he held the record for most career championship points; each of these records were surpassed by Sebastian Vettel. As of February 2019, Alonso is the only Spanish driver to have won a Formula One Grand Prix and is the driver with the sixth highest number of Grand Prix wins, with 32.
As a winner of the Monaco Grand Prix and the 24 Hours of Le Mans, Alonso is one of just thirteen drivers to have won two of the three races that make up the Triple Crown of Motorsport. Alonso is nicknamed a typical diminutive for Fernando in Asturias, his place of birth, he is a Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF. Fernando Alonso was born in Asturias in northern Spain, his mother worked in a department store and his father was employed as a mechanic in an explosives factory near Oviedo. Alonso has Lorena. Alonso's father José Luis, an amateur kart racer, wanted to pass on his passion to his children, he built a kart meant for eight-year-old Lorena, but unlike her three-year-old brother, she showed no interest in the sport. Alonso attended the Holy Guardian Angel Primary School in Oviedo until he was 14 when he attended the Instituto Leopoldo Alas Clarín of San Lázaro, he dropped out in 2000. Since winning his first world championship in 2005, Alonso became an ambassador of Oxford Brookes University, to promote the new field of study of Motorsport of Business for Social Science financing 12 students from all parts of the world.
Alonso lived in Oxford, England until he moved his residence to Switzerland in 2006. Alonso owned a house in Mont-sur-Rolle, near Lake Geneva from 2006 to 2010, in February 2010 he moved house to Lugano in order to be closer to his new Formula One employer Ferrari, it is common for Formula One stars to take up residence in Switzerland to reduce their tax bills. In the winter of 2010–11, Alonso moved back to Oviedo in order to be closer to friends and family, costing him an estimated £50 million in tax. Alonso married Raquel del Rosario, lead singer of Spanish pop band El Sueño de Morfeo, on 17 November 2006, they announced their intention to divorce in December 2011. In mid-2012, Alonso started dating Russian model Dasha Kapustina; the couple split in 2014. Since early 2015, Alonso had a relationship with Spanish journalist Lara Álvarez, they separated in 2016. Since 2017 Alonso is in a relationship with Italian model Linda Morselli. Alonso is a supporter of the football teams Real Real Oviedo. In addition to Spanish, he speaks English and French.
Alonso has a tattoo of a samurai on his back. He revealed that the tattoo showed strength in his muscles and force of will with inspiration from the Hagakure, the spiritual guide written by Yamamoto Tsunetomo in the 18th century, he lives in Dubai. Alonso confirmed his atheism in a 2005 interview. In 2017 he was asked. Alonso replied "I believe things happen. All the things that happen in a race or happen in a championship or in your life, there is maybe a reason behind, and that reason is because better times are coming, I prefer to think that way." As a child, Alonso participated in karting competitions around Spain, supported by his father, who doubled as his mechanic. His family lacked the financial resources needed to develop a career in motorsport, but his victories attracted sponsorship and the required funds. Alonso has attributed his ability to adapt his driving style to different conditions to his karting career: having started racing at the age of three, he tended to be "four or five years younger" than his competitors, had to cope with the challenges of racing at that age: "you can't reach the pedals, you can't reach
The Indianapolis 500-Mile Race is an automobile race held annually at Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, United States, an enclave suburb of Indianapolis, Indiana. The event is held over Memorial Day weekend in late May, it is contested as part of the IndyCar Series, the top level of American Championship Car racing, an open-wheel open-cockpit formula colloquially known as "Indy Car Racing". The name of the race is shortened to Indy 500, the track itself is nicknamed "the Brickyard", as the racing surfacing was paved in brick in the fall of 1909; the event, billed as The Greatest Spectacle in Racing, is considered part of the Triple Crown of Motorsport, which comprises three of the most prestigious motorsports events in the world including the Monaco Grand Prix and the 24 Hours of Le Mans. The official attendance is not disclosed by Speedway management, but the permanent seating capacity is upwards of 250,000, infield patrons raise the race-day attendance to 300,000; the inaugural race was won by Ray Harroun.
The event celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2011, the 100th running was held in 2016. Will Power is the current champion; the most successful drivers are A. J. Foyt, Al Unser Sr. and Rick Mears, each of whom have won the race four times. The active driver with the most victories is Hélio Castroneves, with three. Rick Mears holds the record for most career pole positions with six; the most successful car owner is Roger Penske, owner of Team Penske, which has 17 total wins and 17 poles. The event is steeped in tradition, in pre-race ceremonies, post-race celebrations, race procedure; the most noteworthy and most popular traditions are the 33-car field, the annual singing of "Back Home Again in Indiana," and the victory lane bottle of milk. The Indianapolis 500 is held annually at a 2.5-mile oval circuit. Technically, the track is a unique rounded-rectangle, with four distinct turns of identical dimensions, connected by four straightaways. Drivers race 200 laps, counter-clockwise around the circuit, for a distance of 500 miles.
Since its inception in 1911, the race has always been scheduled around Memorial Day. Since 1974, the race has been scheduled for the Sunday of Memorial Day weekend; the Sunday of Memorial Day weekend is considered one of the most important days on the motorsports calendar, as it is the day of the Indianapolis 500, Coca-Cola 600, the Monaco Grand Prix. Practice and time trials are held in the two weeks leading up to the race, while other preliminary testing is held as early as April. Traditionally, the field consists of 33 starters, aligned in a starting grid of eleven rows of three cars apiece; the event is contested by "Indy cars", a formula of professional-level, single-seat, open cockpit, open-wheel, purpose-built race cars. As of 2018, all entrants utilize 2.2 L V6, twin-turbocharged engines, tuned to produce a range of 550–700 horsepower. Chevrolet and Honda are the current engine manufacturers involved in the sport. Dallara is at present the sole chassis supplier to the series. Firestone, which has a deep history in the sport, dating back to the first 500, is the exclusive tire provider.
The race is the most prestigious event of the IndyCar calendar, one of the oldest and most important automobile races. It has been avouched to be the largest single-day sporting event in the entire world; the Indianapolis Motor Speedway itself is regarded as the world's largest sporting facility in terms of capacity. The total purse exceeded $13 million in 2011, with over $2.5 million awarded to the winner, making it one of the richest cash prize funds in sports. Similar to NASCAR's Daytona 500, the Indianapolis 500 is held early in the IndyCar Series season; that is unique to most sports where major events are at the end of the respective season. The Indy 500 is the sixth event of the 17-race IndyCar schedule. From the 1970s to the 1990s, Indianapolis was the second or third race of the season, as late as the 1950s, it was sometimes the first championship event of the year. Due to the high prestige of the Indianapolis 500—rivaling or surpassing the season championship—it is not uncommon for some teams and drivers to concentrate on preparation for the 500 during the early part of the season, not focus on the championship battle until after Indy.
The traditional 33-car starting field at Indianapolis is larger than the fields at the other IndyCar races. The field at Indy consists of all of the full-time IndyCar Series entries, along with 10–15 part-time or "Indy-only" entries; the "Indy-only" entries popularly called "One-Offs", may be an extra car added to an existing full-time team, or a part-time team altogether that does not enter any of the other races. The "Indy-only" drivers may come from a wide range of pedigrees, but are experienced Indy car drivers that either lack a full-time ride, are former full-time drivers that have elected to drop down to part-time status, or occasional one-off drivers from other racing disciplines, it is not uncommon for some drivers, to quit full-time driving during the season, but race at Indy singly for numerous years afterwards before entering full retirement. Due to safety issues such as aquaplaning, the race is not held in wet conditions. In the event of a rain delay, the race will be postponed until rain showers cease, the track is sufficiently dried.
If rain falls during the race, officials can end the race and declare the results official if more than half of the scheduled distance (i.e. 101 lap
William "Will" Stevens is a British racing driver, who competed in the Formula One, Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0, Toyota Racing Series and the British Formula Renault Championships. In Formula One, he made his debut at the 2014 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix with Caterham F1, replacing Marcus Ericsson for the double points race. During the 2015 season he competed with the Manor Marussia F1 Team. In 2016, he competed in the Blancpain GT Series and the FIA World Endurance Championship while in 2017, Stevens continues to race for Belgian Audi Club Team WRT racing an Audi R8 LMS in the Blancpain GT Series’ Sprint and Endurance Cups, Blancpain GT Asia Series and the Audi R8 LMS Cup. In the 2017 24 Hours of Le Mans, Stevens raced a Ferrari 458 Italia GT2 in the GTE AM category for JMW Motorsport, co-driving alongside fellow Briton Rob Smith and Belgian Dries Vanthoor, they won the class in a near-faultless run, crossing the line two laps clear of their closest rivals. Stevens started his racing career in 2003 at age of 12 in karts.
After one year of racing in the National Cadet championship he joined Rotax Mini Max. He raced in a lot of different championships in Britain and outside, after finishing 7th in the Rotax class in Super One he joined Formula Renault 2.0. He ended 7th in the 2009 Formula Renault 2.0 UK and 4th in 2010. In 2011 he switched to the Formula Renault 2.0 Eurocup. Stevens jumped to the Formula Renault 3.5 Series in 2012. In 2013 he ended fourth in the season standings; the driver got four podiums in 2014 to finish sixth in points. In October 2014 Marussia F1 announced that Stevens had joined the team as a reserve driver for the remainder of the 2014 season, they had planned to run him in first practice session of the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix. The following month he made his Formula One debut with Caterham F1 at the 2014 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, having tested for the team, he finished the race in 17th place, one lap down. He paid £500,000 for the privilege. In February 2015, Marussia F1 announced Stevens as one of their drivers whilst bringing substantial funding to the team, along with Roberto Merhi.
Marussia did not compete due to a technical issue. In the Malaysian Grand Prix Stevens drove the Marussia car for the first time in Practice 1. However, he did not compete in the race because of a problem with the fuel system. In the Chinese Grand Prix Stevens finished his first race for Marussia in 15th place ahead of his teammate Merhi after being lapped twice by race winner Lewis Hamilton. Stevens finished ahead of Merhi in Spain, he finished behind Merhi in the Monaco Grand Prix in 16th. In the Canadian Grand Prix he qualified behind Merhi but moved up to 17th due to penalties to Jenson Button, Sebastian Vettel and Max Verstappen. In the race on lap 52, Romain Grosjean of Lotus was lapping Stevens but cut Stevens left rear tyre which caused both drivers to make an emergency pit stop; the mechanics of both Lotus and Marussia had little time to react to their drivers pitting so that meant both Grosjean and Stevens took long pit stops. Stevens complained to his team on the radio about the incident.
Grosjean received a 5-second penalty for the collision but Stevens had dropped from being 4 seconds behind Merhi to a minute behind him. However, Merhi was forced to retire on lap 56 after a drive-shaft issue. Stevens finished in 17th place, 4 laps down on race winner Lewis Hamilton. After the race, Grosjean apologised to Stevens for the incident. During the races of the season, Merhi was replaced by Alexander Rossi who outpaced Stevens in 3 of 4 races. In February 2016, Manor Motorsport, a team made by former Manor Racing employees John Booth and Graeme Lowdon, decided to compete in the FIA World Endurance Championship, with Stevens and former Manor F3 driver Tor Graves; the following month it was announced that Stevens would dovetail his WEC campaign with racing in the 2016 Blancpain GT Series for the W Racing Team, driving an Audi R8 LMS with René Rast. In May 2017 it was confirmed that Stevens would co-drive the JMW Ferrari 488 GTE-Am alongside two Le Mans'rookies', nineteen-year-old Dries Vanthoor of Holland and British driver Rob Smith.
The team's Ferrari 488 was fresh out of the box, making its race debut, was on the pace. The team focused on fulfilling driver qualification requirements in First Qualifying, but pushed on in Second Qualifying, with Dries Vanthoor the first to better the old class lap record. Will Stevens sliced half a second off this by posting a 3:53.981 to lay claim to provisional class pole. In third and final qualifying the team completed race-preparation of the all-new car, a succession of yellow flags prevented personal improvements for the JMW drivers; the car lined up 6th in GTE-Am for the race. Stevens drove the first stint, his co-drivers continued the advance, the team capturing third at 5:40 pm, second three hours into the race. Shortly after 10 pm, the #84 JMW Ferrari took the GTE-Am lead, from there built up an advantage that extended to over two laps at the finish; the car crossed the line 27th overall. Stevens set the fastest lap for the JMW Ferrari of 3:54.461. Stevens in 2017 finished 2nd in the Blancpain GT Series Sprint Cup which included his first GT3 win at Zolder with team-mate Markus Winkelhock.
He had a rather disappointing season in the Blancpain Gt Series Endurance Cup where his car retired in every race