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Pay television

Pay television known as subscription television or premium television, are subscription-based television services provided by multichannel television providers, but increasingly via digital terrestrial, streaming television. Subscription television began in the multi-channel transition and transitioned into the post-network era; some parts of the world, notably in France, Latin America and the United States, have offered encrypted analog terrestrial signals available for subscription. The term is most synonymous with premium entertainment services focused on films or general entertainment programming, but such services can include those devoted to sports, as well as adult entertainment. In contrast to most other multichannel television broadcasters, which depend on advertising and carriage fees as their sources of revenue, the majority of pay television services rely solely on monthly subscription fees paid by individual customers; as a result, pay television outlets are most concerned with offering content that can justify the cost of the service, which helps to attract new subscribers, retain existing subscribers.

Many pay television services consist of multiple individual channels, referred to as "multiplex" services, where a main flagship channel is accompanied by secondary services with distinct schedules focusing on specific genres and audiences, time shifting, or brand licensing deals. These services are bundled together with the main channel at no additional charge, cannot be purchased separately. Depending on local regulations, pay television services have more lenient content standards because of their narrower distribution, not being subject to pressure from sponsors to tone down content; as a result, programming is aired with limited to no edits for time or, where applicable, mature content such as graphic violence, profanity and sexual activity. As premium television services are devoid of traditional commercial advertising, breaks between programming include promotions for upcoming programs, interstitial segments; some sports-based pay services, may feature some commercial advertising if they simulcast sporting events that are broadcast by advertiser-supported television networks.

In addition, most general interest or movie-based pay services do not adhere to the common top and bottom of the hour scheduling of other cable channels and terrestrial broadcasters. As such, programs air using either conventional scheduling or have airtimes in five-minute increments; the only universal variation to this is prime time, where the main channel in each pay service's suite schedules films to start on the hour. Films comprise much of the content seen on most pay television services those with a general entertainment format and those that focus on films. Services obtain rights to films through exclusive agreements with film distributors. Films acquired during the original term of license agreements with a distributor may be broadcast as "sub-runs," in which a service holds rights to film long after the conclusion of a distribution agreement. Many general interest premium channels produce original television series. Due to the aforementioned leniency in content standards, they too can contain content, more mature than those of other cable channels or television network.

These series tend to be high-budget and aim for critical success in order to attract subscribers: notable premium series, such as HBO's Curb Your Enthusiasm, Game of Thrones and the City, The Sopranos, Showtime's Dexter and Weeds, have achieved critical acclaim and have won various television awards. Some premium channels broadcast television specials, which most consist of concerts and concert films, stand-up comedy, in the past, theatrical plays. Sports programming is featured on some premium services; some general interest premium channels have aired other professional sporting events in the past: HBO for example, carried games from the National Hockey League, National Basketball Association and American Basketball Association in its early years, from 1975 to 1999 aired the Wimbledon tennis tournament. Specialty pay sports channels exist—often focusing on international sports considered niche to domestic audiences, are sold at a higher expense than traditional premium services. Out-of-market sports packages in North America are multi-channel pay services carrying professional or collegiate sporting events which are sold in a seasonal package.

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Croatia at the 2018 Winter Paralympics

Croatia sent seven competitors to the 2018 Winter Paralympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, in three disciplines - alpine skiing, cross-country skiing and snowboarding. Snowboarder Bruno Bošnjak won a bronze medal, the first medal for Croatia at any Winter Paralympic Games; the table below contains the list of members of people. Dino Sokolović is a standing skier, he was injured in 2016. Because of the injury, he did not ski for 20 months. Dino Sokolović went to Slovenia in January 2018, he competed in the World Cup in Kranjska Gora. After 20 months away from skiing because of an injury, he won his first race at Kranjska Gora; the first event on the para-alpine program is the downhill. It starts on 10 March, running from 9:30 AM to 1:30 PM; the second event on the program is Super-G. All skiers will race between 1:00 PM on 11 March; the super combined takes place on 13 March. The Super-G part of the event is in the morning; the slalom part is in the afternoon. The slalom event conclude on 15 March. Women and men both race during the same sessions in the morning.

The afternoon sessions start with the women doing their second run. The men go; the last para-alpine skiing race of the 2018 Games is the giant slalom. It takes place on 17–18 March. Men and women both race at the same time in the morning sessions. Women race first with the men racing a half hour after they end. Croatia at the 2018 Winter Olympics Croatia at the Paralympics XII. Zimske Paraolimpijske igre 2018: 7 hrvatskih sportaša u Pyeong Changu Dino Sokolović nastupa prvog, a Eva Goluža posljednjeg dana natjecanja

2008 Gainsco Auto Insurance Indy 300

The 2008 GAINSCO Auto Insurance Indy 300 was the opening round of the 2008 IndyCar Series season and took place on March 29, 2008 at the 1.485-mile Homestead-Miami Speedway. For the first time in series history, the reigning champion was not on the grid to defend his title, as Dario Franchitti had moved to the No. 40 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series car for Chip Ganassi Racing. Graham Rahal was supposed to make his debut in this race however due to a crash in testing his team could not get his car repaired in time for the race. 2003 champion Scott Dixon kicked off the season with the victory, on his way to the series championship. All cars run four laps and the car which completes the laps in the quickest time, wins the pole. Before the race, the cars of Ed Carpenter and A. J. Foyt IV failed technical inspection, their times were disallowed, were dropped to 24th and 25th on the grid respectively. All drivers behind them moved up two places from their original grid positions

Ōtagawa Station

Ōtagawa Station is a junction railway station in the city of Tōkai, Aichi Prefecture, operated by Meitetsu. Ōtagawa Station is served by the Meitetsu Tokoname Line, is located 12.3 kilometers from the starting point of the line at Jingū-mae. It is a terminal station for the Meitetsu Kōwa Line and is 28.0 kilometers from the opposing terminal of the station at Kōwa. The station has three elevated island platforms, 2 on the 2nd level, the other on the 3rd level; the station is staffed. 2nd level3rd level Ōtagawa Station was opened on February 18, 1912, as a station on the Aichi Electric Railway Company. The owned Chita Railways connected to the station on April 1, 1931; the Aichi Electric Railway became part of the Meitetsu group on August 1, 1935, followed by the Chita Railway on February 1, 1943. The tracks were elevated from 2007 to 2008 and the station building rebuilt from 2010 to 2012. In fiscal 2017, the station was used by an average of 19,445 passengers daily Tokai City Hall Nihon Fukushi University List of Railway Stations in Japan Media related to Ōtagawa Station at Wikimedia Commons Official web page

Sascha Zacharias

Sascha Zacharias is a Swedish television and film actress who developed her acting career in Italy. Born in Stockholm on 23 February 1979 to Sven-Bertil Taube, an actor and singer Ann Zacharias, an actress, she started to work as an actress when she was 18 she came to Rome. After appearing in many fictional television shows, she became better known with the TV show Raccontami, at Rai Uno. In 2006 and 2007, she acted in Caroline Desideri, she continued into the second series in 2008. In 2011, she acted in the film Tatanka, under the direction of Giuseppe Gagliardi, taken from the Roberto Saviano novella and in the film Anche se è amore non si vede directed by Ficarra e Picone. Dom fattar ingentig, director N. Janbell Il cielo in una stanza, director Carlo Vanzina Delitto in prima serata, director Alessandro Capone Kärlekens språk, director Anders Lennberg Il rabdomante, director Fabrizio Cattani Un'estate ai Caraibi, director Carlo Vanzina Tatanka, director Giuseppe Gagliardi Anche se è amore non si vede, director Salvatore Ficarra, Valentino Picone Gli amici di Sara, director Gabriele Muccino - Minifiction about AIDS viewed at RAI and Mediaset Anni'60, actor Carlo Vanzina - TV Miniseries Questa casa non è un albergo, directors Pier Belloni, Elisabetta Marchetti and Raffaele Mertes - TV Series Tequila & Bonetti, director Bruno Nappi - TV Series - Scene: Uno sbirro, un cane e una fotografia Distretto di Polizia, director Renato De Maria - TV Series - Scene: L'agguato Noi, director Peter Exacoustos - TV Miniseries Questo amore, director Luca Manfredi - TV Miniseries Amanti e segreti, director Gianni Lepre - TV Miniseries Nassiriya - Per non dimenticare, director Michele Soavi - TV Miniseries Raccontami, directors Tiziana Aristarco and Riccardo Donna - TV Series Acting: Caroline Desideri Un ciclone in famiglia 3, director Carlo Vanzina - TV Miniseries Carabinieri 7, director Raffaele Mertes and Giandomenico Trillo - TV Series Raccontami - Capitolo II, director Tiziana Aristarco and Riccardo Donna - TV Series Acting: Caroline Betancourt Il commissario Manara, director Davide Marengo - TV Miniseries - Scene: Sogni di vetro I Cesaroni 3, director Stefano Vicario and Francesco Pavolini - TV Series - Scene: Basta crederci Intelligence - Servizi & segreti, director Alexis Sweet - TV Miniseries I delitti del cuoco, director Alessandro Capone - TV Miniseries Ho sposato uno sbirro 2, director Andrea Barzini - TV Series - Scene: Una figlia Sascha Zacharias on IMDb Official website


Trasformismo refers to the method of making a flexible centrist coalition of government which isolated the extremes of the left and the right in Italian politics after the unification and before the rise of Benito Mussolini and Fascism. The policy was embraced by Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour and the Historical Right upon Italian unification and carried over into the post-Risorgimento liberal state. Agostino Depretis, the Prime Minister in 1883, a member of the Left continued the process, he moved to the right and reshuffled his government to include Marco Minghetti's Liberal-Conservatives. This was a move; the aim was to ensure a stable government that would avoid weakening the institutions by extreme shifts to the left or right and ensuring calm in Italy. At this time, middle class politicians were concerned more with making deals with one another rather than with political philosophies and principles. Large coalitions were formed with members being bribed to join them; the Liberals, the main political group, was tied together by informal gentleman's agreements, but these were always in matters of enriching themselves.

Actual governing did not seem to be happening at all, but limited franchise led to politicians not having to concern themselves with the interests of their constituents. One of the most successful politicians was Giovanni Giolitti, who succeeded in becoming Prime Minister on five different occasions over twenty years. Under his influence the Liberals did not develop as a structured party, instead being a series of informal personal groupings with no formal links to political constituencies. However, trasformismo fed into the debates that the Italian parliamentary system was weak and failing and it became associated with corruption, it was perceived as a sacrifice of policies for short term gain. The system of trasformismo was little loved and seemed to be creating a huge gap between politicians and their constituents; this system brought no advantages, as illiteracy remained the same in 1912 as before the unification era, backward economic policies combined with poor sanitary conditions continued to prevent the country's rural areas from improving.

The Italian Marxist philosopher Antonio Gramsci described trasformismo as a strategy to prevent the formation of an organized working-class movement by coopting and neutralizing its ideas and leaders within a ruling coalition. Gramsci cited Giovanni Giolitti's attempt to forge an alliance with the industrial workers of northern Italy under the banner of protectionism as one example of this method. On this account, trasformismo is connected to the process of passive revolution, by which capitalism can be developed in a particular country without the need for overt mobilization of the people. Drawing upon Gramsci's observations, Canadian historian Ian McKay has suggested that trasformismo has played an important role in Canadian politics; the MacDonald–Cartier coalition, the basis of the Conservative Party which dominated Canadian federal politics for most of the latter half of the 19th century and the Liberal Party which had dominated Canadian politics for the 20th century, are portrayed as examples of a Canadian variant of trasformismo.

In the 1930s, Professor Frank H. Underhill of the University of Toronto argued that Canada's two major political parties, the Liberals and the Conservatives, had operated in similar ways, advancing the same policies appealing to the same variety of sectional/regional and class interests. In doing so, Canada had perfected the two-party system and had marginalized liberalism and radicalism. Underhill argued. Not coincidentally, Underhill was centrally involved in the formation of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, a farmer-labour coalition born during the Great Depression which became Canada's first successful federal third party, the social democratic New Democratic Party. Nico Perrone. L'inventore del trasformismo. Liborio Romano, strumento di Cavour per la conquista di Napoli. Soveria Mannelli: Rubbettino Editore. ISBN 978-88-498-2496-4