The Semple Stadium is the home of hurling and Gaelic football for Tipperary GAA and for the province of Munster. Located in Thurles, County Tipperary, it is the second largest GAA stadium in Ireland, with a capacity of 45,690. Over the decades since 1926, it has established itself as the leading venue for Munster hurling followers, hosting the Munster Hurling Final on many memorable occasions; the main or ` Old Stand' of the ground lies across from the'New Stand'. Behind the goals are two uncovered terraces known as the'Town End' and the'Killinan End' respectively; the stadium has a capacity of 45,690 of which 24,000 are seated. The sports hall accommodates a full-sized basketball court suitable for national standard competition; the hall is lined for badminton and indoor soccer. It is used in the evenings and weekends by the Tipperary hurling and football teams for training and on match days, the building is used to accommodate GAA and sponsor guests for corporate lunches and functions, it has been used as a music venue.
In July 2018 Tipperary County Board prepared to submit plans to Tipperary County Council to see the Kinnane stand redeveloped into a multi-purpose facility. The proposal would see the “Old Stand” as it is known to many, have a second level created over the concourse at the back of the stand; the half nearest the Killinan End terrace will be dedicated to players and will include a full-sized gym, physio room, stats/analysis room plus changing rooms and toilet facilities. The other half, towards the Sarsfields Centre side, would include a function room to accommodate up to 250 people, with adjoining bar and kitchen facility for catering; the development will include a new corridor leading to a new VIP enclosure area in the Kinnane stand. The estimated cost of the project is €5 million The grounds on which Semple Stadium is built were known as Thurles Sportsfield; the site was offered for sale in 1910 at the wish of Canon M. K. Ryan and was purchased by local Gaelic games enthusiasts for £900. To meet the cost of the purchase, an issue of shares was subscribed by the townspeople.
The grounds remained in the hands of the shareholders until 1956 when they were transferred to the Gaelic Athletic Association. In 1934 in anticipation of the All-Ireland Hurling Final being held in the grounds to mark the golden jubilee of the Association, extensive improvements were made to bring the field requirements up to the demands which a crowd of up to 60,000 would make; the embankments around the field were raised and extended and the stand accommodation was extended. However, the jubilee final was held in Croke Park and it was another 50 years before the Stadium would host the long-awaited All-Ireland final as a showpiece to mark the centenary. In 1968 further developments took place when the Dr. Kinane Stand was opened. In 1971 the stadium was named after Tom Semple, famed captain of the Thurles "Blues", he won All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship medals in 1900, 1906 and 1908. The Ardán Ó Riáin opposite the Kinane Stand and the terracing at the town end of the field were completed in 1981 at a cost of £500,000.
This development and the terracing at the Killinan end of the field were part of a major improvement scheme for the celebration of the centenary All-Ireland Hurling Final between Cork and Offaly in 1984. In April 2006 Tipperary County Board announced an €18 million redevelopment plan for the Stadium; the three-year project aimed to boost capacity to over 55,000, as well as providing a wide range of modern facilities such as corporate space concessions and changing areas within both main stands. There were plans to upgrade the standing terraces and install a modern floodlighting facility. Phase one of the upgrade project, upgrading the Kinnane Stand side of the stadium, involved expenditure of €5.5 million. On 14 February 2009 the new state of the art floodlights were switched on by GAA President Nickey Brennan before the National Hurling League game against Cork. In 2016, Hawk-Eye was installed in the stadium and used for the first time during the Munster Championship quarter-final between Tipperary and Cork.
An architectural consultancy has been appointed to lead a design team, tasked with preparing a master plan for the redevelopment of Semple Stadium. The Féile Festival, running from 1990 to 1994, was held at Semple Stadium. At the height of its success, an estimated 150,000 people attended the festival, known as "The Trip to Tipp". Irish and international artists participated, including The Prodigy, The Cranberries, Bryan Adams, Van Morrison, Rage Against the Machine, The Saw Doctors and Christy Moore; the Féile Classical Concerts will take place at Semple Stadium in September 2018. Line up will include Irish musical acts. Semple Stadium is a five-minute walk from Thurles railway station; the station is on the Dublin to Cork main rail line with connections to Tralee lines. Irish Rail operates'GAA Specials' to the station on the date of certain matches at Semple stadium. List of Gaelic Athletic Association stadiums List of stadiums in Ireland Aerial Photograph at irelandaerialphotography.com
The Fitzgerald Stadium is the principal GAA stadium in Killarney, is the home championship venue for the Kerry senior football team. Named in honour of one of the first great players of the Gaelic Athletic Association, Dick Fitzgerald, Fitzgerald Stadium was opened on May 31, 1936 by Dr O'Brien, the Bishop of Kerry, J. M. Harty, Archbishop of Cashel; the attendance at its first match was at least 20,000, reputed to have been 28,000. Within one year, the new Killarney stadium was to host the All-Ireland Hurling Final between Tipperary and Kilkenny due to the unavailability of Croke Park because of the construction of the first Cusack Stand; the capacity of the ground was tested in 1950 when the stadium, hosted the Munster hurling final between Cork and Tipperary, when an estimated crowd of 50,000 turned up and in the closing stages large numbers of Cork supporters encroached on the pitch, making life difficult for Tipperary goalkeeper, Tony Reddan. The claustrophobic atmosphere prompted ace Tipperary defender, John Doyle to remark that it was the first time he hurled in the midst of about 5,000.
Further developments took place at the stadium in the 1970s with the erection of the Dr. O’Sullivan stand and a pavilion. All of this raised the capacity to 39,120; this stadium is regarded as one of the finest outside of Croke Park, situated under the gaze of the picturesque Kerry mountains. The Stadium Committee has plans to redevelop both ends of the ground to the standard of the Michael O’Connor Terrace incorporating new dressing rooms and covered areas, to increase the capacity of the ground to 50,000. In the winter of 2008/2009 the first phase in the redevelopment was finished. Among the changes are the following: Extension of terracing at Lewis Rd end as far as the stand; the terracing is designed in such a way as to allow its continuation along the stand side if and when the stand is upgraded. Spectators will enter new terracing through a tunnel at ground level or through stairways to the centre of the terrace. There is additional entrance/exit stairs to the old terracing at the rear of the Lewis Rd goal.
The new terracing will accommodate an additional 4,000 spectators bringing stadium capacity to 43,000. Further development will be undertaken to raise this to 50,000. There are 4 large dressing rooms underneath the new terrace with individual showering and toilet facilities; each player will have individual changing areas as in Croke Park. There is provision for medical and physio staff as well as a separate area for mentors. Players will now exit the dressing rooms via a tunnel. There are 3 levels in all underneath the new Terrace. Level 1 has the dressing shops at the rear of the terrace. Level 2 has spacious meeting rooms for Stewards, Gardaí, Drug Testing and a Press Room for post-match interviews which has a stairway direct to dressing room area; the top level, accessed by lift or stairs, is made up of a Control Tower for crowd control and monitoring and there is a spacious room overlooking the pitch for TV match analysis. The main entrance area from Lewis Rd has been extended with facilities for selling match tickets on match day.
On the stand side, there are new entrance/exit stairs at the scoreboard end of the stand. New wheelchair facilities are located in the stand with lift access. There is a new seating area for substitutes/mentors in the stand adjacent to the VIP area in the middle of the stand; the pitch itself is in absolute pristine condition following a six-month break from playing activity. All entrance areas adjacent to the new terracing have been tarmacked; the next phase of development will consist of new terracing at the scoreboard end. On November 15, 2016, Fitzgerald Stadium was announced as one of 12 possible venues in Ireland to host the 2023 Rugby World Cup Westlife - June 28, 2002 Elton John - July 7, 2002 Counting Crows - June 27, 2003 Bryan Adams - June 25, 2004 The Corrs - June 26, 2004 P!nk - July 15, 2007 Westlife - June 22, 2008 Pussycat Dolls - July 18, 2009 List of Gaelic Athletic Association stadiums List of stadiums in Ireland East Kerry Webpage http://www.kerrygaa.ie/
Gaelic Athletic Association
The Gaelic Athletic Association is an Irish international amateur sporting and cultural organisation, focused on promoting indigenous Gaelic games and pastimes, which include the traditional Irish sports of hurling, Gaelic football, Gaelic handball and rounders. The association promotes Irish music and dance, the Irish language; as of 2014, the organisation had over 500,000 members worldwide, declared total revenues of €65.6 million in 2017. Gaelic football and hurling are the most popular activities promoted by the organisation, the most popular sports in the Republic of Ireland in terms of attendances. Gaelic football is the second most popular participation sport in Northern Ireland; the women's version of these games, ladies' Gaelic football and camogie, are organised by the independent but linked Ladies' Gaelic Football Association and the Camogie Association of Ireland respectively. GAA Handball is the Irish governing body for the sport of handball, while the other Gaelic sport, rounders, is managed by the GAA Rounders National Council.
Since its foundation in 1884, the association has grown to become a major influence in Irish sporting and cultural life with considerable reach into communities throughout Ireland and among the Irish diaspora. On 1 November 1884, a group of Irishmen gathered in the Hayes' Hotel billiard room to formulate a plan and establish an organisation to foster and preserve Ireland's unique games and athletic pastimes, and so, the Gaelic Athletic Association was founded. The architects and founding members were Michael Cusack of County Clare, Maurice Davin, Joseph K. Bracken, Thomas St George McCarthy, a District Inspector in the Royal Irish Constabulary, P. J. Ryan of Tipperary, John Wise-Power, John McKay. Maurice Davin was elected President, Wyse-Power and McKay were elected Secretaries and it was agreed that Archbishop Croke, Charles Stewart Parnell and Michael Davitt would be asked to become Patrons. In 1922 it passed over the job of promoting athletics to the National Athletic and Cycling Association.
The association has had a long history of promoting Irish culture. Through a division of the association known as Scór, the association promotes Irish cultural activities, running competitions in music, singing and storytelling. Rule 4 of the GAA's official guide states: The Association shall support the Irish language, traditional Irish dancing, music and other aspects of Irish culture, it shall foster an awareness and love of the national ideals in the people of Ireland, assist in promoting a community spirit through its clubs. The group was formally founded in 1969, is promoted through various Association clubs throughout Ireland; the association has many stadiums scattered throughout Ireland and beyond. Every county, nearly all clubs, have grounds on which to play their home games, with varying capacities and utilities; the hierarchical structure of the GAA is applied to the use of grounds. Clubs play at their own grounds for the early rounds of the club championship, while the latter rounds from quarter-finals to finals are held at a county ground, i.e. the ground where inter-county games take place or where the county board is based.
The provincial championship finals are played at the same venue every year. However, there have been exceptions, such as in Ulster, where in 2004 and 2005 the Ulster Football Finals were played in Croke Park, as the anticipated attendance was to far exceed the capacity of the traditional venue of St Tiernach's Park, Clones. Croke Park is the association's flagship venue and is known colloquially as Croker or Headquarters, since the venue doubles as the association's base. With a capacity of 82,300, it ranks among the top five stadiums in Europe by capacity, having undergone extensive renovations for most of the 1990s and early 21st century; every September, Croke Park hosts the All-Ireland inter-county Hurling and Football Finals as the conclusion to the summer championships. Croke Park holds the All-Ireland club football and hurling finals on every St. Patrick's Day. Croke Park is named after Archbishop Thomas Croke, elected as a patron of the GAA during the formation of the GAA in 1884; the next three biggest grounds are all in Munster: Semple Stadium in Thurles, County Tipperary, with a capacity of 53,000, the Gaelic Grounds in Limerick, which holds 50,000, Páirc Uí Chaoimh, County Cork, which can accommodate 45,000.
Other grounds with capacities above 25,000 include: Fitzgerald Stadium, in Killarney, a capacity of 43,180 MacHale Park in Castlebar, the largest stadium in Connacht, a capacity of 42,000 St Tiernach's Park in Clones, County Monaghan, hosts most Ulster finals, a capacity of 36,000 Kingspan Breffni Park, in Cavan Town, County Cavan, which hosted International rules football series games in 2013, a capacity of 32,000 Casement Park, in Belfast, a capacity of 32,600 O'Moore Park, in Portlaoise, County Laois, a capacity of 27,000 Healy Park, in Omagh, County Tyrone, a capacity of 26,500 Pearse Stadium in Galway, which has hosted International rules football series games, a capacity of 26,197Research by former Fermanagh county footballer Niall Cunningham led to the publication in 2016 by his website, gaapitchlocator.net, of a map of 1,748 GAA grounds in Ireland, ranging from 24 grounds in his own county to 171 in Cork. The association has, since its inception, been associated with Irish nationalism, this has continued to the present in relation to Northern Ireland, where the sports are played exclusively by members of the ma
Cusack Park (Mullingar)
Cusack Park, known for sponsophip reasons as TEG Cusack Park, is a GAA stadium in Mullingar, County Westmeath, Ireland. It is the main grounds of Westmeath GAA's Gaelic hurling teams; the ground, named after GAA founder Michael Cusack, was opened in 1933 and had a capacity of 15,000. However following a national review of health and safety at GAA grounds in 2011, the overall capacity was reduced to 11,000. List of Gaelic Athletic Association stadiums List of stadiums in Ireland by capacity
The Louth County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association or Louth GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, is responsible for Gaelic games in County Louth. The county board is responsible for the Louth inter-county championship; the earliest recorded inter-county football match took place in 1712 when Louth faced Meath at Slane. A fragment of a poem from 1806 records a football match between Louth and Fermanagh at Inniskeen, Co Monaghan; when Louth GAA sent the team into training in Dundalk for the 1913 Croke Memorial replay under a soccer trainer from Belfast, the move caused more than a ripple through the Association. For thirty years full-time training in bursts of a week or so before a big match were common. After that the two or three times a week gatherings became more popular. Between 1945 and 1953 Louth and Meath met 13 times; the crowds got bigger each time as they played draw after draw in the Championship. The attendance of 42,858 at a thrilling 1951 replay remained a record for a provincial match other than a final for forty years the four match series between Meath and Dublin in 1991.
The rivalry with Meath has never fizzled out, as witnessed by a stirring Leinster semi-final in 1998. Nor has controversy, as witnessed by Graham Geraghty's "wide" 45th minute point. In 1957 showband star Dermot O'Brien was late for the All-Ireland final and joined the team when the parade was completed. Prior to the game O'Brien had captained the side in the semi final success, when the regular captain Patsy Coleman had been injured. Both Ardee men tossed a coin to see. O'Brien won the toss. Coleman today still has the match ball. O'Brien played a key role as Louth beat Cork with the help of a goal from Sean Cunningham with five minutes to go. Dermot O'Brien died on 21 May 2007; as both Cork and Louth wear Red and White, on that day Louth wore the green of Leinster, while Cork wore the blue of Munster. Eamonn McEneaney was manager from 2006 to 2009 and guided them to their most recent success, the O'Byrne Cup when they defeated DCU in the 2009 final played in the Gaelic Grounds in Drogheda. On 27 June 2010, Louth reached their first Leinster Senior Championship Final in 50 years.
During the Leinster Final on 11 July that year and controversy erupted when, during the 74th minute of the match against Meath, a goal was awarded by the referee after brief consultation with only one of the match umpires. However, Meath received the cup. Louth have been represented by two players in the International Rules versus Australia in recent years, Paddy Keenan and Ciaran Byrne. On 11 July 2010, Louth reached the Leinster Senior Football Championship Final where they took on neighbours Meath. Meath won what was a controversial match. Deep into injury time in the 74th minute of the match, the referee awarded a contentious goal to Meath, he did so after a brief consultation with only one of the match umpires, although television coverage of the game showed that the ball had been carried over the line by Meath player Joe Sherdian. Prior to the referee's decision, Meath were trailing Louth by one point; the referee blew his whistle shortly afterwards. The "goal" proved to be the decisive score.
Irate Louth fans stormed the pitch and commenced a process of chasing and physically assaulting the referee, who had to be led away by a Garda escort in scenes broadcast to a live television audience. Other scenes of violence saw bottles being hurled from a stand, one striking a steward who fell to the ground and Meath substitute Mark Ward was hit by a Louth fan; the situation led to much media debate in the days that followed, the violence was condemned and there were many calls in the national media for the game to be replayed. GAA President Christy Cooney said the events were a "watershed" and one where the "circumstances were bizarre. I have never seen circumstances like it as long as I have been a member of this Association", he promised life bans for those. The day after the match the GAA released a statement confirming that Sludden admitted he had made an error; the GAA stated that the rules left it powerless to offer a replay and that this would be decided by Meath. Following a Meath County Board meeting it emerged that, in his match report, the referee had blown for a penalty for Meath but when the ball ended up in the net he decided to award the "goal" instead.
The county board decided not to offer a replay and judged that that would be "the end of the matter". This decision was met in some quarters with mixed feelings and commented upon in one national newspaper, the Evening Herald, by three times All-Ireland winning manager Mickey Harte who said the Meath county board was more culpable because their officers had time to form a considered opinion. In the statement, the Louth County Board spoke of the enormous sense of injustice, being felt in Louth GAA, they questioned the referee's official report saying it was contrary to Playing Rules where he indicated in his report that he blew the whistle for a penalty, but changed his mind and awarded a goal instead. The referee wrote that "he made a terrible mistake". Louth County board referred to Rule 6.41 Award //facts of game: The award of the game rests with the committee / council in charge acting on the referees report. In doing so the Louth County Board intimated that the committee/council in charge erred in leaving the matter to Meath County Board to offer a replay without seeking clarification from the re
The Mayo County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association or Mayo GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, is responsible for Gaelic games in County Mayo and the Mayo inter-county teams. Mayo's senior Gaelic football team play in the Connacht Senior Football Championship. Mayo have won three All-Ireland Senior Football Championship wins—1936, 1950 and 1951— and have won the greatest number of National Football League titles consecutively. Mayo are currently the longest serving team the National Football League division 1, having played there since 1997. Mayo have in recent times become known for reaching All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Finals only to fall at the ultimate hurdle. Mayo hold the Championship record for consecutive losing All-Ireland Senior Football Final appearances, this stands at nine. In 1989, they reached their first All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final since their last previous appearance in 1951 only to lose to Cork. In 1996, a freak point by Meath at the end of the final forced a replay, which saw Mayo concede another late score that would deny them victory.
Kerry bridged an 11-year title gap against them in 1997 with a three-point win, before torturing them by eight points in 2004 and thirteen points in 2006. Mayo returned to the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final in 2012 only for Donegal to bridge a 20-year gap between titles, helped in no small part by a nightmare opening quarter for Mayo as Michael Murphy launched a rocket of a shot into the goal after three minutes. In the eleventh minute, Colm McFadden seized the ball from the grasp of Kevin Keane and slid it into the net for a second Donegal goal. Mayo managed thirteen points to Donegal's two goals and eleven, only got on the scoresheet after sixteen minutes when two goals behind and never led during the match. 2013 saw Mayo in the final again, once more coming up short, this time being seen off by Dublin, who won by a single point. 2016 a single point against Dublin, though this time after a replay. In the 2017 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final after a thrilling final, Mayo yet again lost to Dublin by a single point.
Mayo have now lost 9 finals since 1989 and have not won the All-Ireland since 1951. The team's traditional colours are red; the Mayo jersey will be green, with a thick horizontal red stripe just below chest level. These colours are inspired by a rebel song. Mayo's current crest is based on the county's coat of arms, shown on the left, it features. The Patriarchal or'double' cross represents the Archdiocese of Tuam, while the three smaller Passion crosses represent Achonry and Galway/Kilmacduagh/Kilfenora; the Irish root word of the county, Maigh Eo, means "plain of the yew trees", the trees that surround the crest represent this. As well as this, the number of trees is significant, with the nine trees representing the number of baronies in the county; the sailing ship represents the county's maritime history, while the red sea below the green hills represents the traditional "green above the red" motif of the county. The Mayo GAA crest features the Irish words Críost Linn, which translates to "Christ be with us".
Mayo's current sponsors are Irish sports store chain Elverys Sports. Their jerseys are provided by Irish manufacturers O'Neill's sportswear. Mayo's unofficial supporters club is Mayo Club'51, their crest is based on the current GAA crest, with the famous mountain Croagh Patrick in green and the sea beneath it in red, signifying the county's coastline. The name of the club commemorates the year that the Mayo senior footballers last won the Sam Maguire Cup, a year, synonymous with Mayo football. Traditionally a football county, Mayo have always had a large support at minor, U21 and senior level. Despite a long spell without winning the Sam Maguire Cup, Mayo fans have always had a reputation for being a colourful and loyal group of supporters; the following is a history of shirt sponsors of the Men's Mayo Senior Football team. The Mayo team are sponsored by Elverys Sports known as Staunton's Intersport, have been since 1999, making it one of the longest running sponsorships in the GAA. Though not affiliated through the 1890s, there is strong evidence of GAA activity in Mayo and the rivalry with Galway that brought success to both counties from the 1930s on was in evidence.
This history between Mayo and Galway has produced two of the finest footballing teams in the game. Between them, the two teams have more than three quarters of the Connacht titles that have been contested. Mayo have an unequalled number of consecutive National Football League titles; the Mayo team were champions in 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939. One of the great turning points in GAA history west of the Shannon was the 1935 Connacht Final when 26,000 turned out to see National League Champions Mayo beat the All-Ireland champions Galway in Roscommon. In the 1936 Connacht Final Mayo were leading by a goal in the last minute when Brendan Nestor scored an equalising goal for Galway – he raised the flag himself and caused a riot. However, Mayo won the replay and went on to capture their first All-Ireland Title, beating Laois by 4–11 to 0–5 in the final; the following year, 1937, they were the victim of a Louis Blessing last-minute goal in the All Ireland Semi-Final against Cavan in another match that featured a pitch invasion.
It ended. Mayo dominated the National Football League for six years, but pulled out of the 1939–40 league in
County Longford is a county in Ireland. It is in the province of Leinster, it is named after the town of Longford. Longford County Council is the local authority for the county; the population of the county was 40,873 at the 2016 census. The county is based on the historic Gaelic territory of Annaly known as Teffia. With an area of 1,091 km2 and a population of 40,873, Longford is the fourth smallest of the 32 counties in area and second smallest in terms of population, it is the fourth smallest of Leinster's 12 counties by size and smallest by population. It borders counties Cavan to the northeast, Westmeath to the southeast, Roscommon to the southwest and Leitrim to the northwest. Most of Longford lies in the basin of the River Shannon with Lough Ree forming much of the county's western boundary; the north-eastern part of the county, drains towards the River Erne and Lough Gowna. Lakeland, bogland and wetland typify Longford's low-lying landscapes: the highest point of the county is in the north-west - Carn Clonhugh near Drumlish at 279 m.
Cairn Hill is the site of a television transmitter broadcasting to much of the Irish midlands. In the list of Irish counties by highest point, Longford ranks third lowest. Only Meath and Westmeath have lower maxima. In general, the northern third of the county is hilly, forming part of the drumlin belt and Esker Riada stretching across the northern midlands of Ireland; the southern parts of the county are low-lying, with extensive areas of raised bogland and the land being of better quality for grazing and tillage. The River Shannon marks the county's border with Roscommon while the Rivers Inny and Tang form much of the boundary with Westmeath; the Royal Canal flows through the south of the county terminating at Cloondara at the Shannon. The canal was refurbished and reopened in 2010. Notable lakes include Kinale Lough and Lough Gowna on the Cavan border, Lough Forbes on the Roscommon border and of course Lough Ree in the south where Longford and Roscommon meet. With a population of 10,310, Longford Town is the largest town in the county followed by Ballymahon, Edgeworthstown and Granard.
The county is one half of the Dáil constituency of Longford–Westmeath. The territory corresponding to County Longford was a frontier colony of the Kingdom of Meath in the first millennium. Between the fifth and twelfth centuries the territory was called the kingdom of Tethbae ruled by various tuath such as the Cairpre Gabra in the north. Tethbae referred to an area north of the River Inny approximating to present day County Longford. In the year AD 1070, Tethbae was conquered by the Ó Cuinns, Ó Fearghails, other Conmhaícne tribes, henceforth being known as Muintir Annaly, so named after "Anghaile" the great-grandfather of Fearghail O'Farrell. Furthermore County Longford was called Upper Conmaicne, to distinguish it from south Leitrim called Lower Conmaicne, because both districts were ruled by the descendants of Conmac, son of Fergus and Queen Meadbh of Connacht. Following the Norman invasion of the 12th century, Annaly was granted to Hugh de Lacy as part of the Liberty of Meath. An English settlement was established at Granard, with Norman Cistercian monasteries being established at Abbeylara and Abbeyshrule, Augustinian monasteries being established at Abbeyderg and at Saints' Island on the shore of Lough Ree.
Monastic remains at Ardagh, Abbeyderg, Inchcleraun Island in Lough Ree, Inchmore Island in Lough Gowna are reminders of the county's long Christian history. However, by the 14th century, English influence in Ireland was on the wane; the town of Granard was sacked by Edward Bruce's army in 1315, the O'Farrells soon recovered complete control over the territory. Annaly became Longphoirt, now Longford, after O'Farrell's fortress of this name; the county was shired in 1586 in the reign of Elizabeth I from the northern portion of Westmeath, but English control was not established until the aftermath of the Nine Years' War. County Longford was added to Leinster by James I in 1608, with the county being divided into six baronies and its boundaries being defined; the county was planted by English and Scottish landowners in 1620, with much of the O'Farrell lands being confiscated and granted to new owners. The change in control was completed during the Cromwellian plantations of the 1650s. On these lands in County Longford, are the historic ruins of the Coolamber Hall House, besieged by one of the Cromwells.
The county was a centre of the 1798 rebellion, when the French expeditionary force led by Humbert which had landed at Killala were defeated outside the village of Ballinamuck on 8 September by a British army led by Cornwallis. Considerable reprisals were inflicted by the British on the civilian inhabitants of the county in the aftermath of the battle. A revolutionary spirit was again woken in the county during the Irish War of Independence when the North Longford flying column, led by Seán Mac Eoin, became one of the most active units on the Irish side during that war. There are many national and secondary schools located in the county such as Moyne Community School, St. Mels and the Convent. Longford’s population growth during the period 2002-2006 has been stronger than the National average. Agriculture is an important facet for the economy in County Longford. There are 73,764 hectares of area farmed in the county. There are ap