Arlington is a city in the U. S. state of Texas, located in Tarrant County. It is part of the Mid-Cities region of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area 12 miles east of downtown Fort Worth and 20 miles west of downtown Dallas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau's estimate, the city had a population of 396,394 in 2017, making it the second-largest city in the county and the third-largest in the metropolitan area. Arlington is the forty-eighth-most populous city in the United States, the seventh-most populous city in the state of Texas, the largest city in the state, not a county seat. Arlington is home to the University of Texas at Arlington, a major urban research university, the Arlington Assembly plant used by General Motors, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Region IV, Texas Health Resources, American Mensa, D. R. Horton. Additionally, Arlington hosts the Texas Rangers at the Globe Life Park, the Dallas Cowboys at the AT&T Stadium, the Dallas Wings at the College Park Center, the International Bowling Campus, the theme parks Six Flags Over Texas and Hurricane Harbor.
Arlington borders Kennedale, Grand Prairie and Fort Worth, surrounds the smaller communities of Dalworthington Gardens and Pantego. European settlement in the Arlington area dates back at least to the 1840s. After the May 24, 1841 battle between Texas General Edward H. Tarrant and Native Americans of the Village Creek settlement, a trading post was established at Marrow Bone Spring in present-day Arlington; the rich soil of the area attracted farmers, several agriculture-related businesses were well established by the late nineteenth century. Arlington was founded in 1876 along the Pacific Railway; the city was named after General Robert E. Lee's Arlington House in Virginia. Arlington grew as a cotton-ginning and farming center, incorporated on April 21, 1884; the city could boast of water, natural gas, telephone services by 1910, along with a public school system. By 1925 the population was estimated at 3,031, it grew to over 4,000 before World War II. Large-scale industrialization began in 1954 with the arrival of a General Motors assembly plant.
Automotive and aerospace development gave the city one of the nation's greatest population growth rates between 1950 and 1990. Arlington became one of the "boomburbs", the fast-growing suburbs of the post-World War II era. U. S. Census Bureau population figures for the city tell the story: 7,692, 90,229, 261,721, 365,438 and 374,000 by 2011. Tom Vandergriff served as mayor from 1951 to 1977 during this period of robust economic development. Six Flags Over Texas opened in Arlington in 1961. In 1972 the Washington Senators baseball team relocated to Arlington and began play as the Texas Rangers and in 2009 the Dallas Cowboys began to play at the newly constructed Cowboys Stadium, now AT&T Stadium. According to the United States Census Bureau, Arlington has a total area of 99.7 square miles. Johnson Creek, a tributary of the Trinity River, the Trinity River itself, flow through Arlington. Arlington falls in the Cfa region of the Köppen climate classification system, a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters.
The highest recorded temperature was 113 °F in 1980. The lowest recorded temperature was −8 °F in 1899; the maximum average precipitation occurs in May. Severe weather occurs April and May months. Located in the famous Tornado Alley Winters are mild with snow occurring During the April 3, 2012 tornado outbreak a severe thunderstorm produced an EF-2 tornado in Eastern Kennedale which moved North East across 287 near Stagetrail Drive and continued in a North North-Eastern direction; the tornado contained winds up to 135 MPH and damaged over 200 homes and businesses, including severe damage suffered by the Green Oaks Nursing and Rehabilitation Center, injured seven people before the tornado lifted on the shores of Lake Arlington. As of the census of 2010, there were 365,438 people, 133,072 households, 90,099 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,811 people per square mile. There were 144,805 housing units at an average density of 1,510 per square mile; the 2011 estimated racial makeup of the city was 59% White, 18.8% Black or African American, 6.8% Asian, 0.7% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 11.3% from other races, 3.3% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.4% of the population. There were 133,072 households out of which 40% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 48% were married couples living together, 15% had a female householder with no husband present, 32% were non-families. 25% of all households were made up of individuals and 5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.7 and the average family size was 3.3. In the city, the 2010 population was spread out with 31% under the age of 20, 8% from 20 to 24, 30% from 25 to 44, 23% from 45 to 64, 8% who were 65 years of age or older; the median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 104 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94 males 18 and over; the median income for a household in the city was estimated to be $50,655 in 2011. Individual males working ful
Haltom City, Texas
Haltom City is a city, part of the Dallas-Fort Worth region and inside Tarrant County, United States. The population was 42,409 at the 2010 census. Haltom City is a inner suburb of a principal city of the DFW Metroplex; the city is 6 miles from Downtown Fort Worth, 30 miles from the American Airlines Center in Dallas, 20 miles from the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport in Irving. Haltom City is surrounded entirely by Fort Worth, North Richland Hills and Richland Hills; the education system for Haltom City is served by the Birdville Independent School District, which serves neighboring cities including Fort Worth, North Richland Hills, as far as Hurst. It is served in the north by Keller ISD, with High school students feeding into Fossil Ridge High School in Fort Worth; the city is home to 10 parks, a state-of-the-art public library and recreation center, the Tarrant County College branch Haltom City Northeast Center is a community division of the TCC Northeast Campus in Hurst. It was created in collaboration with the leadership of Haltom City to give greater opportunities to higher education.
Medical facilities inside Haltom City is the T&R Clinic in the south-side. Haltom City is surrounded by major highways including, Highway 26, Highway 377, SH 121, SH 183 and Interstate 820. Haltom City constructed a Veterans Memorial at Haltom Road Park; the Memorial had its grand opening in November 2017. Nearby shopping malls include the Northeast Mall located in Hurst, The Parks at Arlington in Arlington, Hulen Mall in Fort Worth. Haltom City is located at 32°48′58″N 97°16′18″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.4 square miles, of which 12.4 square miles is land and 0.04 square mile is water. Haltom city is one of the largest suburbs of Fort Worth. Here is the list of cities surrounding Haltom City which are located in Tarrant County, they can be seen from here also; as of the census of 2010, there were 16,626 households in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 69.8% White, 4.1% Black or African-American, 0.8% Native American, 8.4% Asian, 0.2% Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander.
Hispanic or Latino of any race was 32.5%. In the city, the population was spread out with 9.2% under the age of 5, 75.4% 18 years of age or over, 10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.7 years. Males made up 52.3% of the population, Females made up 47.7%. The median income for a household in the city was $41,183, the median income for a family was $48,307; the per capita income for the city was $19,367. About 13.8% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over. Government and infrastructure The City of Haltom City, Texas Home Rule Charter was adopted October 10, 1955; the City operates under a Council-Manager form of government and provides a full range of services that include public safety, municipal court, parks, public works and general administrative services. The city owns and operates a water distribution system, a wastewater collection system and a drainage utility system.
According to the city’s 2013-2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $59.0 million in revenues, $47.9 million in expenditures, $174.8 million in total assets, $75.3 million in total liabilities, $34.4 million in cash and investments. The structure of the management and coordination of city services is: According to Haltom City’s 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Most of Haltom City is served by the Birdville Independent School District, but some portions are served by the Fort Worth Independent School District and Keller Independent School District. Alumni of Haltom City schools include Halapoulivaati Vaitai, Lance Dunbar, Kelvin Garmon, Cody Jinks. Haltom City Public Library is the regional library of the city and is a well-known partner of the Fort Worth Public Library. In 2011 an extension of Tarrant County College Northeast Campus, the Northeast Training/Learning Center, opened in the 17,000-square-foot former civic center of Haltom City.
The extension, less than 8 miles from the main TCC Northeast Campus, includes classroom and training areas. Haltom City had approached TCC, asking how to add community college services for working-class families who may have limited transportation options. KLIF-FM serving the Dallas Fort Worth Metroplex is a Top 40 Mainstream radio station that has Haltom City's license and is owned by Cumulus Media, the station is rivaling its competitors KHKS and KDMX which are stations that have city licenses in Dallas County and are under the ownership of the largest radio station owner Clear Channel Communications. Haltom City official website Haltom City Public Library Birdville Independent School District Birdville Historical Society
Fort Worth, Texas
Fort Worth is a city in the U. S. state of Texas. It is fifth-largest city in Texas, it is the county seat of Tarrant County, covering nearly 350 square miles into four other counties: Denton, Johnson and Wise. According to the 2017 census estimates, Fort Worth's population is 874,168. Fort Worth is the second-largest city in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, the 4th most populous metropolitan area in the United States; the city of Fort Worth was established in 1849 as an army outpost on a bluff overlooking the Trinity River. Fort Worth has been a center of the longhorn cattle trade, it still embraces traditional architecture and design. USS Fort Worth is the first ship of the United States Navy named after the city. Fort Worth is home to the Van Cliburn International Piano Competition and several world-class museums designed by internationally known contemporary architects; the Kimbell Art Museum, considered to have one of the best art collections in Texas, is housed in what is regarded as one of the outstanding architectural achievements of the modern era.
The museum was designed by the American architect Louis Kahn, with an addition designed by world-renowned Italian architect Renzo Piano opening November 2013. Of note is the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, designed by Tadao Ando; the Amon Carter Museum of American Art, designed by Philip Johnson, houses one of the world's most extensive collections of American art. The Sid Richardson Museum, redesigned by David M. Schwarz, has one of the most focused collections of Western art in the U. S. emphasizing Frederic Remington and Charles Russell. The Fort Worth Museum of Science and History, designed by famed architect Ricardo Legorreta of Mexico, engages the diverse Fort Worth community through creative, vibrant programs and exhibits; the city is stimulated by several university communities: Texas Christian University, Texas Wesleyan, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Texas A&M University School of Law, many multinational corporations, including Bell Helicopter, Lockheed Martin, American Airlines, BNSF Railway, Pier 1 Imports, XTO Energy and RadioShack.
The Treaty of Bird's Fort between the Republic of Texas and several Native American tribes was signed in 1843 at Bird's Fort in present-day Arlington, Texas. Article XI of the treaty provided that no one may "pass the line of trading houses" without permission of the President of Texas, may not reside or remain in the Indians' territory; these "trading houses" were established at the junction of the Clear Fork and West Fork of the Trinity River in present-day Fort Worth. At this river junction, the U. S. War Department established Fort Worth in 1849 as the northernmost of a system of 10 forts for protecting the American Frontier following the end of the Mexican–American War; the city of Fort Worth continues to be known as "where the West begins." A line of seven army posts were established in 1848–49 after the Mexican War to protect the settlers of Texas along the western American Frontier and included Fort Worth, Fort Graham, Fort Gates, Fort Croghan, Fort Martin Scott, Fort Lincoln, Fort Duncan.
10 forts had been proposed by Major General William Jenkins Worth, who commanded the Department of Texas in 1849. In January 1849, Worth proposed a line of 10 forts to mark the western Texas frontier from Eagle Pass to the confluence of the West Fork and Clear Fork of the Trinity River. One month Worth died from cholera in South Texas. General William S. Harney assumed command of the Department of Texas and ordered Major Ripley A. Arnold to find a new fort site near the West Clear Fork. On June 6, 1849, advised by Middleton Tate Johnson, established a camp on the bank of the Trinity River and named the post Camp Worth in honor of the late General Worth. In August 1849, Arnold moved the camp to the north-facing bluff, which overlooked the mouth of the Clear Fork of the Trinity River; the United States War Department named the post Fort Worth on November 14, 1849. Native American attacks were still a threat in the area, as this was their traditional territory and they resented encroachment by European-American settlers, but people from the United States set up homesteads near the fort.
E. S. Terrell from Tennessee claimed to be the first resident of Fort Worth; the fort was moved to the top of the bluff. The fort was abandoned September 17, 1853. No trace of it remains; as a stop on the legendary Chisholm Trail, Fort Worth was stimulated by the business of the cattle drives and became a brawling, bustling town. Millions of head of cattle were driven north to market along this trail. Fort Worth became the center of the cattle drives, the ranching industry, it was given the nickname of Cowtown. During the Civil War, Fort Worth suffered from shortages of money and supplies; the population began to recover during Reconstruction. By 1872, Jacob Samuels, William Jesse Boaz, William Henry Davis had opened general stores; the next year, Khleber M. Van Zandt established Tidball, Van Zandt, Company, which became Fort Worth National Bank in 1884. In 1875, the Dallas Herald published an article by a former Fort Worth lawyer, Robert E. Cowart, who wrote that the decimation of Fort Worth's population, caused by the economic disaster and hard winter of 1873, had dealt a severe blow to the cattle industry.
Added to the slowdown due to the railroad's stopping the laying of track 30 miles outside of Fort Worth, Cowart said that Fort Worth was so slow th
Keller is a suburban city in Tarrant County, Texas, in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. According to the 2010 census, the city's population is 39,627, making Keller the 74th most populated city in Texas; the most recent population estimate, as of Jan. 1, 2018, is 44,940. In the early 1850s, settlers established Keller and the town became a stop on the Texas and Pacific Railway; the settlers settled around the wooded region in Keller because of Keller’s proximity to the Trinity River water supply and abundant farmland. On November 16, 1955, Keller became incorporated. Keller is residential, featuring more than 300 acres of developed land for 11 park sites and more than 26 miles of hiking and biking trails; the Keller Independent School District has 39 campuses serving more than 34,000 students. Keller is in the western fringe of the Eastern Cross Timbers in northeast Tarrant County, part of the frontier of the Peters Colony settlers of the 1840s. In the mid 1840s, the area was first settled by a group of families from Missouri that homesteaded near the head-waters of Big Bear Creek.
Mount Gilead Baptist Church was established on July 13, 1850. In 1859, the little log church was burned in an Indian raid, it served as the only schoolhouse in that part of the county until about 1910. The area became known as ‘Double Springs’ for the two large springs ½ mile north of Mt. Gilead Baptist Church. In the early 1870s, the Double Springs area had a cotton gin, a grist mill, a blacksmith shop and several stores. In 1896, an artesian well was drilled in Keller. Today Samantha Springs produces more than 200,000 gallons of water per day; the Texas and Pacific Railway between Fort Worth and Texarkana was completed in June 1881, the first train ran on this track on May 9, 1881, which ran parallel with parts of the old Chisom cattle drive trail. With the advent of rail service, new villages were established all along the line; the Keller of today was one of them. On July 19, 1881, H. W. Black, a druggist of Tarrant County, set aside 40 acres out of the north end of the 62 acres deeded to him by A.
C. Roberts for a town site to be known as Athol, situated 14 miles northeast of Fort Worth; the land was dedicated to the public for streets and alleyways, but title to the remainder of the 62 acres was held by Mr. Black. Settlers migrated to the new village, before a year had passed the name of the town was changed from Athol to Keller, honoring John C. Keller, a foreman on the railroad. Streets were named and those in the original 40-acre site still carry the names given to them in 1881. Streets going north and south are Lamar and Elm. New residential development is filling in open spaces, with neighboring towns affording no opportunity to expand its boundaries; the 1980 Census calculated Keller's population at 4,555. City facilities include Keller Town Hall on Bear Creek Parkway, the Keller Public Library and Keller Senior Activities Center on Johnson Road, the Municipal Service Center on Bear Creek Pkwy. West, the city's award-winning recreation and aquatic center known as The Keller Pointe on Rufe Snow Drive.
The city recently renovated and expanded its police facility, which houses the Regional Jail, Regional Animal Adoption Center and regional 911 dispatch center, NETCOM, serving the cities of Keller, Colleyville and Westlake. The Keller Independent School District serves portions of the cities of Colleyville, Fort Worth, Haltom City, North Richland Hills, Southlake and Westlake, as well as the entire city of Keller, its 51 square miles encompass the third-largest land area in Tarrant County. Enrollment in the school district has doubled during the past 10 years and is expected to do the same during the next decade, making it the ninth fastest-growing school district in Texas. Money magazine rated Keller as one of the 10 "Best Places to Live" in the United States for 2009, ranked number 7, it rated Keller as one of the 100 "Best Places to Live" in the United States for 2011, ranked number 93. The U. S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey listed Keller as one of the "Nation's Richest Cities" with a population over 20,000 in 2008, ranked number 59 with median household income of $114,542.
Neighboring Southlake was ranked number 1. Keller is located at 32°55′39″N 97°14′10″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.4 square miles. Keller is east of south of Highway 114 and Alliance Gate Freeway. Here is the list of cities surrounding The City of Keller, whom which are located in either Denton or Tarrant County; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Keller has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 27,345 people, 8,827 households, 7,856 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,483.0 people per square mile. There were 9,216 housing units at an average density of 499.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.74% White, 1.43% African American, 0.39% Native American, 1.77% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.18% from other races, 1.45% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.51% of the population. There were 8,827 households out of which 52.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 81.3% were married cou
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Kennedale is a city in Tarrant County, United States. The population was 6,763 at the 2010 census. Kennedale is located at 32°39′00″N 97°13′05″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.6 square miles, of which 0.01 square miles, or 0.19%, is water. Settled in the 1860s, the community was named for Oliver S. Kennedy, who platted the area and donated every other lot to the Southern Pacific Railroad; as of the census of 2000, there were 5,850 people, 2,141 households, 1,616 families residing in the city. The population density was 968.5 people per square mile. There were 2,241 housing units at an average density of 371.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 88.51% White, 3.45% African American, 0.75% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 4.29% from other races, 2.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.91% of the population. There were 2,141 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.5% were non-families.
19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.11. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $49,091, the median income for a family was $53,901. Males had a median income of $43,182 versus $25,508 for females; the per capita income for the city was $24,323. About 4.9% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over. Kennedale is served by the Kennedale Independent School District. Trinity Valley Baptist Seminary and College, an Independent Baptist institution of higher learning, was established in Kennedale in 1960.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Kennedale has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. According to Kennedale’s 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: City of Kennedale official website Kennedale Independent School District Kennedale Junior High School
Grand Prairie, Texas
Grand Prairie is a city in Dallas County, Tarrant County, Ellis County, Texas, in the United States. It is part of the Mid-Cities region in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, it has a population of 175,396 according to the 2010 census, making it the fifteenth most populous city in the state. The city of Grand Prairie was first established as Dechman by Alexander McRae Dechman in 1863. Prior to he resided in Young County near Fort Belknap; the 1860 U. S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules shows an A McR Dechman as having 4 slaves, ages 50, 25, 37 and 10. Dechman, learned. In 1863, Dechman bought 239.5 acres of land on the eastern side of the Trinity River and 100 acres of timber land on the west side of the river for a broken-down wagon, oxen team and US$200 in Confederate money. He tried to establish a home on the property, but ran into difficulties, so he returned to his family in Birdville before joining in the Civil War. In 1867 he filed a town plat consisting of 50 acres with Dallas County. After the war, he returned to Birdville for two years before selling that farm in 1867 and moving to Houston, where yellow fever broke out, causing the family to settle in Bryan.
In 1876, Dechman traded half his "prairie" property to the T&P Railroad to ensure the railroad came through the town. The railroad named the depot "Dechman", prompting its namesake to relocate his home from Bryan to Dechman, his son Alexander had been operating a trading post and farm. The first church in the area was the Good Hope Cumberland Sabbath School, established in 1870 by Rev. Andrew Hayter; the church was renamed West Fork United Presbyterian Church and remains an active church. The first U. S. post office opened in 1877 under the name "Deckman" rather than "Dechman", because the U. S. Postal Service couldn't read the writing on the form completed to open the post office; that same year, after the Postal Service had adopted the "Deckman" name, confusion resulted from the T&P Railroad designation "Grand Prairie". This name was based on maps drawn from around 1850 through 1858 that labeled the area between Dallas and Fort Worth "the grand prairie of Texas". In order to alleviate the confusion, the Postal Service named the post office "Grand Prairie".
The town of Grand Prairie was incorporated as a city in 1909. During World War I and since, Grand Prairie has had a long history with the defense and aviation industry. While the present-day Vought plant on Jefferson Avenue is part of a small strip within the Dallas city limits, it was in Grand Prairie. During World War II the North American Aviation Plant B produced the Consolidated B-24 Liberator and the P-51C and K Mustang variants. After the war, Vought Aircraft took over the plant; this became Ling Temco Vought and eventually returned to the Vought moniker. The plant was the production site for the F-8 Crusader and the A-7 Corsair II aircraft of the 1950–1989 time period; the LTV Missile and Space division produced missiles such as the Scout and MLRS. This division was sold to Lockheed Martin, which continues to operate in Grand Prairie. Grand Prairie was the North American headquarters for Aérospatiale Helicopter; this company became Airbus Helicopters, Inc. the U. S. subsidiary of Airbus Helicopters.
In 1953, the mayor and city council of Grand Prairie attempted to annex nearly 70 square miles of then-unincorporated and undeveloped land in southern Dallas and Tarrant counties. Vehement debate ensued, the legal pressure from cities like Arlington and Irving wound up overturning part of the annexation attempt. Grand Prairie is located along the border between Tarrant and Dallas counties, with a small portion extending south into Ellis County; the city is bordered by Dallas to the east, Cedar Hill and Midlothian to the southeast, Mansfield to the southwest, Arlington to the west, Fort Worth to the northwest, Irving to the north. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 81.1 square miles, of which 72.1 square miles is land and 9.0 square miles, or 11.08%, is water. The West Fork of the Trinity River and a major tributary, Johnson Creek, flow through Grand Prairie. Grand Prairie has a long history of flooding from Johnson Creek. In the 1980s, a major Army Corps of Engineers project was begun to straighten the channel, which has reduced the damage of flooding.
As of 2010 Grand Prairie had a population of 175,396. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 52.6% White, 20.0% Black, 0.8% Native American, 6.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% non-Hispanic of some other race, 3.2% of two or more races and 42.7% Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 127,427 people, 43,791 households, 32,317 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,784.6 people per square mile. There were 46,425 housing units at an average density of 650.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 62% White, 13.5% African American, 0.8% Native American, 4.42% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 15.90% from other races, 3.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33% of the population. There were 43,791 households out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.2% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.38. In the city, the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from