Thessaloniki (regional unit)
Thessaloniki is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia and its capital is the city of Thessaloniki; the regional unit stretches from the Thermaic Gulf in the southwest to the Strymonic Gulf in the east. Two bodies of water are located in the north, Lake Koroneia in the heart of the regional unit and Lake Volvi in the east. There are farmlands throughout the west and southwest, with fewer in the northeast and along the Axios River valley. Mountainous areas include the Chortiatis in the west-central part, the Vertiskos in the north and parts of the Kerdylio mountains in the northeast; the regional unit borders on the Imathia regional unit to the southwest, Pella to the west, Kilkis to the north, Serres to the east and Chalkidiki to the south. Its climate includes hot Mediterranean summers and cool to mild winters in low-lying areas and plains. Winter weather is common in areas 500m above sea level and into the mountains; the area, to become the Thessaloniki regional unit was annexed by Greece in 1912, during the First Balkan War.
The area was struck by an earthquake in 1978, by flooding due to rainfall in October 2006. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder of modern Turkey, was born in Salonica, the name for the city of Thessaloniki when it was part of the Ottoman Empire; the Thessaloniki regional unit is subdivided into 14 municipalities. These are: Ampelokipoi-Menemeni Chalkidona Delta Kalamaria Kordelio-Evosmos Lagkadas Neapoli-Sykies Oraiokastro Pavlos Melas Pylaia-Chortiatis Thermaikos Thermi Thessaloniki Volvi The Thessaloniki Prefecture was created when the area was annexed by Greece during the First Balkan War in 1913. At that time, its area was the largest prefecture in the country, covering about 7% of the total land. The prefectures of Pella and Kilkis were split off in 1930 and 1937 and after World War II in 1947, Imathia and Pieria were additionally created from land belonging to the Thessaloniki Prefecture; as a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was transformed into a regional unit within the Central Macedonia region, without any change in boundaries.
At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. Province of Thessaloniki Province of LagkadasNote: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece; the regional unit of Thessaloniki is connected with the following highways. Motorways: A1/E75 A2/E90 A25/Ε79 A25 National Roads: ΕΟ2/Ε86 W ΕΟ12/Ε79 Ν ΕΟ16, SW ΕΟ65, Ν Until the A1/E75 motorway and the A2/E90 motorway were constructed, GR-1 and GR-2 were the main road links connecting the regional unit of Thessaloniki with other parts of the country. Furthermore, parts of GR-67 linking Chalkidiki, GR-65 linking Kilkis, were converted into motorways during the 2000s. Public transport services are provided by the Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization Thessaloniki Metro Most of the stations are in the city. Here are list of stations outside the city: Thermi TV - Thermi Iraklis Aris PAOK Apollon Kalamarias Agrotikos Asteras List of settlements in the Thessaloniki regional unit Macedonia
West Attica is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Attica; the capital of the regional unit is the town of Eleusis. The regional unit covers the western part of the agglomeration of Athens, the area to its west; the regional unit West Attica is subdivided into 5 municipalities. These are: Aspropyrgos Eleusis Fyli Mandra-Eidyllia Megara With respect to parliamentary elections West Attica belongs to the electoral district of Attica; as a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit West Attica was created out of the former prefecture West Attica. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. There were two provinces in the prefecture of West Attica: Megarida, the Attica Province, they were abolished in 2006. List of settlements in Attica University of West Attica Official website News and information
Imathia is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Central Macedonia; the capital of Imathia is the city of Veroia. The regional unit Imathia is subdivided into 3 municipalities; these are: Alexandreia Naousa Veroia As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Imathia was created out of the former prefecture Imathia. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. Veroia Province Naousa ProvinceNote: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece since 2006; the northeastern part of Imathia, along the lower course of the river Aliakmonas, is a vast agricultural plain known as Kampania or Roumlouki. The area is known for the production such as peaches and strawberries. Much of the population lives in this plain, where the towns Veroia are situated. Imathia has a short shoreline on the Thermaic Gulf, around the mouth of the Aliakmonas; the mountainous western part of Imathia is covered by the Vermio Mountains, reaching 2,052 metres near the city of Naousa.
The Pierian Mountains reach into the southern part of Imathia, south of the Aliakmonas. The regional unit borders on Pieria to the south, Kozani to the west, Pella to the north and Thessaloniki to the east. Imathia has a Mediterranean climate with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters; the railway from Thessaloniki to Florina and the important railway from Thessaloniki to Athens pass through Imathia, with main stations at Platy and Alexandreia. The motorways A2 and A1 and the Greek National Roads EO1, EO4 and EO4a pass through Imathia; the Alexandreia Airport is a military airport. Imathia was named after the historic region Emathia, used by several classical authors as a synonym for Bottiaea or all of Macedon. Important ancient towns in the area of present Imathia were Beroea; as a part of the Macedonia region, it was ruled by the kingdom of Macedonia, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire and from early 15th century by the Ottoman Empire. In 1913, as a result of the Second Balkan War, it became part of Greece.
During and after the Greco-Turkish War, several refugees from Turkey settled in Imathia. Part of the prefecture of Thessaloniki, Imathia became a prefecture in 1946, Veroia was selected as its capital. Agrotikoi Orizontes Elefthero Vima Epikaira Imathias Epta Imathias Imerisia Kerkida Laos Pliroforisi Macedonika Nea Wine and Vine Museum Archaeological Museum of Veroia Byzantine Museum of Veroia Folklore Museum of the Lyceum of Hellenic Women Veria F. C. - Veroia Pontioi Veria F. C. - Veroia Naoussa F. C. - Naousa Alexandria F. C. - Alexandria Emathus List of settlements in Imathia Former toponyms in Imathia Prefecture Asyrmato Mitropolitiko Dyktio Hmathias, The local wireless network Official website Veroia 11th Public School
Administrative regions of Greece
The administrative regions of Greece are the country's thirteen first-level administrative entities, each comprising several second-level units prefectures and, since 2011, regional units. The current regions were established in July 1986, by decision of then-Interior Minister Menios Koutsogiorgas as a second-level administrative entities, complementing the prefectures. Before 1986, there was a traditional division into broad historical–geographical regions, however, was arbitrary. Although the post-1986 regions were based on the earlier divisions, they are smaller and, in a few cases, do not overlap with the traditional definitions: for instance, the region of Western Greece, which had no previous analogue, comprises territory belonging to the Peloponnese peninsula and the traditional region of Central Greece; as part of a decentralization process inspired by then-Interior Minister Alekos Papadopoulos, they were accorded more powers in the 1997 Kapodistrias reform of local and regional government.
They were transformed into separate entities by the 2010 Kallikratis Plan, which entered into effect on 1 January 2011. In the 2011 changes, the government-appointed general secretary was replaced with a popularly elected regional governor and a regional council with 5-year terms. Many powers of the prefectures, which were abolished or reformed into regional units, were transferred to the region level; the regional organs of the central government were in turn replaced by seven Decentralized administrations, which group from one to three regions under a government-appointed general secretary. Bordering the region of Central Macedonia there is one autonomous region, Mount Athos, a monastic community under Greek sovereignty, it is located on the easternmost of the three large peninsulas jutting into the Aegean from the Chalcidice Peninsula. Administrative divisions of Greece ISO 3166-2:GR List of Greek regions by Human Development Index
Central Macedonia is one of the thirteen administrative regions of Greece, consisting of the central part of the geographical and historical region of Macedonia. With a population of 1.9 million, it is the second most populous in Greece after Attica. The region was established in the 1987 administrative reform as the Central Macedonia Region. With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, its powers and authority were extended. Along with East Macedonia and Thrace, it is supervised by the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace, based in Thessaloniki; the region is based at its capital city of Thessaloniki and is divided into seven regional units, Imathia, Pella, Pieria and Thessaloniki. These are further subdivided into 38 municipalities. Although geographically part of Central Macedonia, Mount Athos is not administratively part of the region, but an autonomous self-governing state under the sovereignty of Greece. Central Macedonia is Greece's most visited region and accounts for 18.2% of the total tourist flow in the country, with 3.21 million tourists in 2008.
In 2011, the GDP per capita of Central Macedonia was €14,400, marking a 9th place of the 13 regions of Greece, well below the national average of €18,500. Alexandria Aridaea Edessa Giannitsa Katerini Kilkis Koufalia Litochoro Naoussa Nea Kallikratia Nea Moudania Polygyros Polykastro Serres Thessaloniki Veria Media related to Central Macedonia at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Central Greece (region)
Central Greece is one of the thirteen administrative regions of Greece. The region occupies the eastern half of the traditional region of Central Greece, including the island of Euboea. To the south it borders the regions of Attica and the Peloponnese, to the west the region of West Greece and to the north the regions of Thessaly and Epirus, its capital city is Lamia. The region was established in the 1987 administrative reform. With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, its powers and authority were extended. Along with Thessaly, it is supervised by the Decentralized Administration of Thessaly and Central Greece based at Larissa; the region is based at Lamia and is divided into five regional units, Euboea, Evrytania and Phthiotis, which are further subdivided into 25 municipalities. The region's current governor is Kostas Bakoyannis of the New Democracy party, assuming office from Klearchos Pergantas, elected in the November 2010 local administration elections for the PASOK party. Biggest towns in each regional unit, according to the census of 2001: Official website
Chalcis Province was one of the provinces of the Euboea Prefecture, Greece. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Chalcis, Dirfys-Messapia and Mantoudi-Limni-Agia Anna, it was abolished in 2006