Denver Museum of Miniatures, Dolls and Toys
The Denver Museum of Miniatures and Toys is housed in the Pearce-McAllister Cottage, a historic house museum in Denver, United States, administered by History Colorado. The museum was founded in 1981. In 1987, the museum opened at its current location in cooperation with the Colorado Historical Society within the Pearce-McAllister Cottage; the collection of the museum includes more than 10,000 objects dating from 1680 onwards. List of museums in Colorado Denver Museum of Miniatures and Toys website TripAdvisor information
Lenci dolls are pressed felt dolls with painted features, manufactured in Turin by Enrico and Elena Scavini from 1919 until 1944. They are now collectables; the bodies and the clothing of Lenci boy and girl dolls are made of pressed woolen felt. The bodies were machine stitched up the back and across the shoulders hand stitched between the legs; this allowed them to wear low cut clothes that displayed their limbs. The faces were pressed on moulds and features were hand painted, hair was made from mohair and this was stitched in. Felt pressed dolls were popular in the nineteenth century and just after the first world war; the eyes face sideways, giving the boys the girls one of loneliness. These dolls have Lenci stamped into the felt of the foot, they were produced in various sizes, sold with various uniforms. The two dolls in the Judges' Lodgings museum in Lancaster have the boy in a burgundy cardigan, the girl in a blue hat and coat, they were purported to have been made in the image of a dead daughter.
Elena König was born in Turin in 1885. She moved to Germany, where she acquired the pet name of Lenchen which mutated into Lenci when back in Italy. During the chaos of the Great War where Italy fought against Germany, she experimented with felt, its many properties, she married Enrico Scavini in 1915, he included felt doll manufacture in the Lenci business- one, concerned with ceramics. In 1937, the firm employed the family relinquished control; the factory was bombed during an air-raid in 1944. The company liquidated in 2002. Photographer and author Dare Wright wrote a series of children's books, beginning in 1957 with The Lonely Doll, featuring her childhood Lenci doll, "Edith", as the main character. Lenci Collectors' website Lazenby. Lenci. ISBN 978-1932485455
Simon & Halbig
Simon & Halbig was a doll manufacturer known for bisque doll heads with subtle colouring. They were based in the centre of the German doll industry, they supplied doll heads to many other well known doll makers. These are now collectables. Bisque or biscuit porcelain is unglazed porcelain with a matte finish, giving it a realistic skin-like texture, it is tinted or painted a realistic skin color. The bisque head is attached to a body made of cloth or leather, or a jointed body made of wood, papier-mâché or composition, a mix of pulp, sawdust and similar materials. Many, like Simon & Halbig, came from the Thuringia region, which has natural deposits of the clay used to make the dolls. Simon & Halbig was known for excellent sculpting of their doll heads, the high quality of their bisque. German childlike dolls were predominantly produced between 1890 and 1930. Examples of these dolls can be found in the Barry Elder collection in the Judges' Lodgings Museum, Lancaster Simon & Halbig was founded in 1839 and began making dolls from 1869 in their two porcelain factories in Gräfenhain and Hildburghausen in Thuringia, Germany.
In 1902 they started a co-operation with Kämmer of Kämmer & Reinhardt in which Kämmer modelled heads and the firm produced them. The heads of the dolls completed by Kämmer & Reinhardt, attached to bodies and legs of more durable composition, were stamped with the marks of both firms. In 1920, Simon & Halbig was bought by Kämmer & Reinhardt, who continued to produce dolls until 1932; the factory became known as Keramisches Werk Gräfenhain. American firmsArranbee Bawo & Dotter George Borgfeldt Edison Phonograph Toy Manufacturing Company Gimbel Brothers Strobel & Wilken John WanamakerGerman firmsC. M. Bergmann Gebrüder Bing Carl Bergner Cuno & Otto Dressel Eekhoff Hamburger & Co Heinrich Handwerck Adolf Hülß Kämmer & Reinhardt Louis Linder & Sohn Franz Schmidt FAO Schwarz Schoenau & Hoffmeister Wagner & Zetzsche Welsch & Co Wiesenthal, Schindel & Kallenberg Adolf WislizenusFrench-German firmsFleischmann & BloedelFrench firmsJumeau Roullet & Decamps S. F. B. J. Bisque doll
A composition doll is a doll made or wholly out of composition, a composite material composed of sawdust and other materials such as cornstarch and wood flour. The first composition dolls were made in the 19th century, they were marketed compared to earlier more fragile dolls. Many antique German and French bisque dolls from the 19th century combine a bisque head with a ball-jointed body made of composition. In 1877 French dollmaker Jumeau introduced the Bébé Incassable, with a bisque head portraying a young girl and a articulated composition body. With realistic glass eyes and contemporary fashion styles, thousands of Bébé dolls were produced for an international market; the French Bleuette doll from S. F. B. J. has a jointed composition body with a composition head. The composition Bleuette was produced from 1905 to 1958. In the United States composition dolls were hailed as an improvement in doll making from the fragile bisque and china material used. Two types of composition manufacturing processes were used: cold press and hot press.
The cold-press composition manufacturing process was invented by Solomon D. Hoffmann in the 1890s. Hot-press composition was an improvement in the processing. Horsman secured the rights from Hoffmann; some early celebrity dolls were made of composition, like the Baby Peggy doll from Louis Amberg & Sons, a success in 1923. The American Ideal Toy Company began making composition dolls in 1907, they produced over 200 variations of dolls throughout the composition era. Their Shirley Temple doll was one of the most successful celebrity dolls. First produced in 1934, millions of the composition Shirley dolls were produced. Composition doll manufacturing lasted until the late 1940s in the U. S. when plastic began to be used for dolls
Mariquita Pérez is a Spanish doll thought up by Mrs Leonor Coello de Portugal in 1938. It was the most famous doll of the forties and fifties in Spain, although it was produced until 1976, it is regarded as the best doll made in Spain as well as one of the best of its time in Europe because of its craft production, the quality of the used materials and the wealth of wardrobe and accessories. It had a great success of reception in other countries such as Portugal, where it was manufactured too and Cuba
Sasha Morgenthaler was a Swiss artist and dollmaker, best known for the "Sasha doll" produced in Germany and the United Kingdom beginning in the late 1960s. Popular with collectors, Sasha dolls are characterized by their individualism, their realistic expressions, their unique color, the extreme attention to detail in the manufacture of the dolls as well as their clothes, it is said by Juliette Peers that: "Sasha dolls are renowned for possessing a solid intellectuality." Morgenthaler created face sculpts for her dolls with subtle expressions, not artificially exaggerated smiles: her concern was that children surviving the horrors of WWII would not relate to such happy dolls in times of terror. It was said of Morgenthaler herself, as a child, that "When she was sad, she did not like her dolls uncompromising smiles. Once she grabbed a nail file and scraped off her doll's false grin..." In her own words, "No grotesque caricature can awaken a child's true feelings. A piece of wood carved, is far superior to a conventional doll with an exaggerated smile."
Sasha Morgenthaler was an artist working most in sculpture and paint. Paul Klee orchestrated Morgenthaler's entry to the School of Fine Arts at Geneva. Morgenthaler married fellow artist Ernst Morgenthaler. Morgenthaler decided in the 1960s to mass-produce dolls at reasonable prices after years of making dolls herself for the studio, on commission, for private individuals. Two companies were licensed to produce the dolls: Götz in Germany and Frido in the UK. Production in Germany ran from 1965 to 1969 and from 1995 to 2001, while the UK production ran from 1966 to 1986. Dolls were produced in different styles, wearing different clothes, with subtle variations that individualize and particularize each. Asymmetrical and made of hard vinyl with elastic stringing enabling them to take poses, Sasha dolls are characterized by a serious, open expression that seems to make them more adaptable to imaginative play than if they were forever smiling. Morgenthaler's original idea was for the dolls to represent an image of universal childhood, so from the beginning of mass-production, the vinyl was coffee-coloured so that they would not appear to belong to any one ethnic group.
In the early 1970s, black dolls were introduced, first in an dark complexion in a lighter complexion in the latter part of the decade. Around 1980, the "skin" tone of most of the "Caucasian" dolls was lightened. Dolls come in girl, boy and toddler versions. Girl and boy dolls are 16 inches or so tall, while toddlers are 11 -- 12 inches. Babies do not stand; when first introduced, baby dolls were sexed with stylised genitals, but the practice was discontinued. Dolls have rooted hair in brown, red, or black, though some "limited edition" dolls had wigs. Clothes sets were available, though some clothes came only with the purchase of a doll and were not available separately; the generic name for the dolls is "Sasha" after their creator. Some dolls have their own names, however. During the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, "Caucasian" boy dolls were known as "Gregor", black girl dolls were known as "Cora", black boy dolls were known as "Caleb"; when production resumed in 1995, many of the dolls were given individual names by the manufacturer, but all are still identified by the collective name of "Sasha".
Now that production has ceased, the dolls are becoming more collectible. The rarest ones can fetch high prices from individual dealers. Various generations of Morgenthaler's Sasha dolls are available for viewing at the Puppenmuseum Sasha Morgenthaler in Switzerland. Here visitors may view related archival holdings and other works of art by Morgenthaler. Doggart, A. Doggart, J. & Friedland, S.. The Friedlands Business and Family, London: John Doggart. Susanna Lewis's comprehensive Sasha doll page
The Gherdëina Local Heritage Museum was opened in the Cësa di Ladins in Urtijëi, in northernmost Italy, in 1960. The building is the seat of the Union di Ladins de Gherdëina a cultural organisation for the keeping of the Ladin language and heritage in Val Gherdëina. In addition to the museum, the building hosts a library specialized in Ladin culture; the collections of the Gherdëina Museum enable the visitor to gain an informative insight into the cultural and natural world of Val Gherdëina. The collections are distributed over two floors and cover the following themes: wood carving art of the last three centuries, old locally produced wooden toys, a collection of paintings by local artists, the local archaeology, the region's fossils and the local flora and fauna. At the entrance, the exhibition starts with several art objects like the Crucifix of Sëurasass by Baptist Walpoth and Vinzenz Peristi, as well as the oil painting by Josef Moroder-Lusenberg depicting Urtijëi in the year 1860 and three modern canvasses by Franz Noflaner.
The first exhibition room is dedicated to the original sculptures from St. James church in Urtijëi ascribed to Melchior and Kassian Vinazer; the local woodcarving Vinazer dynasty has had a lasting influence on the artistic production of Gherdëina. From St. James church is the original altarpiece by Franz Sebald Unterberger; the painting shows the Virgin Mary with the saints James and Henry. The second exhibition room is dedicated to plastic art and offers a historical overview of the wood carving tradition of Gherdëina. To this collection belong works which range from those of the first famous woodcarving families Trebinger and Vinazer to a Saint Philomena of Rome by Dominik Mahlknecht, the sculptors of the 20th century Albin Pitscheider, Luis Insam-Tavella, Vinzenz Peristi and others. In addition, this room offers a wide variety of small sculptures ranging from the 18th to the mid-20th century, e.g. clock stands, allegorical figures and crib figures and animal figurines. Of particular artistic interest as woodcarvings are the 120 figures by Albin Pitscheider, donated by his daughters.
There is a display of paintings by Josef Moroder-Lusenberg and other local artists. The third exhibition room is dedicated to natural history; the visitor is introduced to the evolution of the geological structure of the western Dolomites by way of didactic charts and illustrations arranged in cooperation with Prof. Broglio and Prof. Posenato of the University of Ferrara with a collection of local fossils and minerals. Among the fossils on show, special mention should be made of carbonized remainders of plants, various gastropod imprints, a fossilized fish and the reconstructed skeleton of an Ichthyosaurus, as well as coral colonies and ammonites. In addition to a cross-section of local minerals, including those typical of Mont Sëuc, this room contains a collection of minerals from other alpine deposits and from abroad, such as rock crystal, beryl, aragonite, sulphur and amethyst. In the same room, another section offers an insight into the many-sided alpine flora and fauna by way of a herbarium and a collection of stuffed animals, e.g. an albino roe deer and local birds, a butterfly collection.
In the staircase to the second floor, the museum displays the Fastentuch from the St. James's church in Urtijëi. In this room, you can find the old wooden toys from Gherdëina, one of the thematic highlights of the museum; this collection was, for the most part, brought together by Johann Senoner-Vastlé before the Second World War. It consists of a most representative selection of toys, offering an overview of the diversity of articles produced in Gherdëina between 1750 and 1940; the typical Gherdëina jointed doll, called as well dutch doll, peg doll or stick doll, can be seen in many different sizes. A separate section on the second floor is dedicated to the prehistory of the valley. On show are the remarkable Stone Age finds from Plan de Frea under the Gardena Pass consisting of flint tools among the most ancient traces found in the Gherdëina region as well as the evidence from the Bronze Age, such as the bronze dagger from the Balest mountain or the bronze needles from Resciesa and Mastlé in the Gherdëina Vally.
The Iron Age finds from the large complex of Col de Flam a hill near Urtijëi, e.g. burial offerings from cremation graves, in particular fibulae and iron lance heads, single glass beads and bronze pendants as well as various tools. On the second floor the other section is dedicated to the writer, film director and rock climber Luis Trenker, that presents objects of personal possessions, honorary deeds, medals for bravery, film prizes publications and other material of the Luis Trenker central archive donated by the Trenker family to the museum in March 2004. Matthias Frei, Georg Innerebner, Rudolf Moroder-Rudolfine, Christian Moroder, Edgar Moroder, Viktor Welponer: Gröden und sein Heimatmuseum. Ein talkundlicher Führer. St. Ulrich 1966.. Viktor Welponer, Edgar Moroder, Reimo Lunz, Adolf Kostner, Johann Moroder, Rudolf Moroder-Rudolfine, Rita Stäblein. Foto: Robert Moroder und Luis Piazza: L Museum de Gherdëina – Das Grödner Heimatmuseum. Überblick über Grödens Kunst-, Natur- und Vorgeschichte.
1985.. Rudolf Moroder-Rudolfine: Albino Pitscheider: Scultëur y Maester – Bildhauer und Fachlehrer – Scultore e insegnante d'arte. 1987.. N